History UsefulNotes / TheCityStateEra

22nd Jul '16 2:07:58 PM CptnLhurgoyf
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It was referred to as a "mixed republic", with a monarch-like ''doge'' (who lost much of his powers over time), a Senate and a Major Council made up of key aristocrats, the latter being the real ones in charge of the country.

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It was referred to as a "mixed republic", with a monarch-like ''doge'' (who lost much of his powers over time), time, and no, [[MemeticMutation not that one]]), a Senate and a Major Council made up of key aristocrats, the latter being the real ones in charge of the country.
24th Jan '16 8:41:15 AM Morgenthaler
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!!'''Main/{{Florence}} (1115 1532)'''

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!!'''Main/{{Florence}} !!'''UsefulNotes/{{Florence}} (1115 1532)'''
20th Sep '15 6:43:36 PM nombretomado
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There's this former Italian state that was one of the most powerful and indeed was the one that ended up uniting the country in the UsefulNotes/{{Wars of Italian Independence}}. So why is nobody ever quite sure what its name is? Piedmont is the approximate name of the region it ruled, in the top left corner of the Italian peninsula. Savoy is the name of the royal house which ruled Piedmont at the time and that of a nearby region which (even more confusingly) said royal family traded away to the French as part of a BatmanGambit during the wars of unification along with Nice. Therefore, the House of Savoy didn't actually rule Savoy at the time they united Italy. This state is also often called the Kingdom of Sardinia, the reason for this being that the Dukes of Savoy obtained the island because it gave them a royal dignity (the right to call themselves Kings rather than Dukes). They looked on it as very much a consolation prize (they actually wanted Sicily, and did briefly possess it before realizing that Sicily was too hard to govern from the north, so they swapped it for Sardinia). Sardinia did come in handy during the NapoleonicWars, however, when the French conquered Piedmont (as in the bit on continental Italy) and the royal family (the aforementioned House of Savoy) fled to Sardinia, which was only part of the ''Kingdom'' of Sardinia, but now the only actual part that wasn't conquered. Confused yet?

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There's this former Italian state that was one of the most powerful and indeed was the one that ended up uniting the country in the UsefulNotes/{{Wars of Italian Independence}}. So why is nobody ever quite sure what its name is? Piedmont is the approximate name of the region it ruled, in the top left corner of the Italian peninsula. Savoy is the name of the royal house which ruled Piedmont at the time and that of a nearby region which (even more confusingly) said royal family traded away to the French as part of a BatmanGambit during the wars of unification along with Nice. Therefore, the House of Savoy didn't actually rule Savoy at the time they united Italy. This state is also often called the Kingdom of Sardinia, the reason for this being that the Dukes of Savoy obtained the island because it gave them a royal dignity (the right to call themselves Kings rather than Dukes). They looked on it as very much a consolation prize (they actually wanted Sicily, and did briefly possess it before realizing that Sicily was too hard to govern from the north, so they swapped it for Sardinia). Sardinia did come in handy during the NapoleonicWars, UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars, however, when the French conquered Piedmont (as in the bit on continental Italy) and the royal family (the aforementioned House of Savoy) fled to Sardinia, which was only part of the ''Kingdom'' of Sardinia, but now the only actual part that wasn't conquered. Confused yet?



It was only officially known as the "Kingdom of the Two Sicilies" after the NapoleonicWars, but that had been used informally as a name for many years previously. Part of the reason why it had a poor record in war was because it had been a bargaining chip in many of the wars between the great powers and its people were indifferent towards defending their king - because he was probably a foreigner who'd been installed twenty years ago and wouldn't be any different from the one they'd be given by whoever won the war.

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It was only officially known as the "Kingdom of the Two Sicilies" after the NapoleonicWars, UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars, but that had been used informally as a name for many years previously. Part of the reason why it had a poor record in war was because it had been a bargaining chip in many of the wars between the great powers and its people were indifferent towards defending their king - because he was probably a foreigner who'd been installed twenty years ago and wouldn't be any different from the one they'd be given by whoever won the war.
20th Jul '15 11:38:37 AM Morgenthaler
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Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli lived in and wrote about this period in ''ThePrince'' and ''DiscoursesOnLivy''.

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Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli lived in and wrote about this period in ''ThePrince'' ''Literature/ThePrince'' and ''DiscoursesOnLivy''.
''Literature/DiscoursesOnLivy''.
2nd Jul '15 9:47:20 AM onyhow
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!!'''You Ain't Nothing But A Hound, Doge: the Most Serene Republic of Venice aka The Venetian Republic (697-1797)'''

This state centred on the city of UsefulNotes/{{Venice}}, but owned mainland territories in the modern day countries of Greece, Slovenia, Croatia and Montenegro. Once even ruled UsefulNotes/{{Cyprus}} (the war for which was the backdrop to ''Theatre/{{Othello}}''). Had a large merchant fleet, a powerful navy and controlled a lot of trade to the Middle East for much of its history (including silk, spices, and [[BreadEggsMilkSquick slaves]]).

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!!'''You Ain't Nothing But A Hound, Doge: the Most Serene Republic of Venice aka The Venetian Republic (697-1797)'''

(697 - 1797)'''

This state centred centered on the city of UsefulNotes/{{Venice}}, but owned mainland territories in the modern day countries of Greece, Slovenia, Croatia and Montenegro. Once even ruled UsefulNotes/{{Cyprus}} (the war for which was the backdrop to ''Theatre/{{Othello}}''). Had a large merchant fleet, a powerful navy and controlled a lot of trade to the Middle East for much of its history (including silk, spices, and [[BreadEggsMilkSquick slaves]]).



!!'''Main/{{Florence}}'''

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!!'''Main/{{Florence}}'''
!!'''Main/{{Florence}} (1115 1532)'''



!!'''UsefulNotes/SanMarino (301-present day)'''

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!!'''UsefulNotes/SanMarino (301-present (301 - present day)'''



!!'''The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1811-1861)'''

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!!'''The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1811-1861)'''
(1811 - 1861)'''
25th May '15 9:19:03 PM onyhow
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!!'''UsefulNotes/SanMarino'''

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!!'''UsefulNotes/SanMarino'''
!!'''UsefulNotes/SanMarino (301-present day)'''
24th Jan '15 10:33:30 PM Adept
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Now pay attention, because this is about as confusing as BritainVersusTheUK.

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Now pay attention, because this is about as confusing as BritainVersusTheUK.
UsefulNotes/BritainVersusTheUK.
19th Jan '15 10:07:59 AM Frantziscu
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In spite of the confusion, the most important figure to come from Piedmont (let's just call it that for these purposes) was Camillo Benso, count of Cavour. He was the mastermind of Italian Unification, although he died before the project was complete. Cavour was, in many ways, Italy's Bismarck. Although he was only the Prime Minister of Piedmont and not the King (again, like Bismarck, who was a Chancellor), he was pretty much in charge of the kingdom's affairs. Cavour took it upon himself to industrialize Piedmont, largely by building railroads and encouraging factories, with the aid of British loans with which to build infrastructure. Once he had built Piedmont up enough to be able to project military force, he sided with the British, French, and Ottomans against Russia in the Crimean War. This had the effect of gaining an ally in the form of France's leader, Napoleon III (not to be confused with Napoleon Bonaparte, his uncle.)

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In spite of the confusion, the most important figure to come from Piedmont (let's just call it that for these purposes) was Camillo Benso, count of Cavour. He was the mastermind of Italian Unification, although he died before the project was complete. Cavour was, in many ways, Italy's Bismarck. Although he was only the Prime Minister of Piedmont and not the King (again, like Bismarck, who was a Chancellor), he was pretty much in charge of the kingdom's affairs. Cavour took it upon himself to industrialize Piedmont, largely by exploiting Sardinia's resources, building railroads and encouraging factories, with the aid of British loans with which to build infrastructure. Once he had built Piedmont up enough to be able to project military force, he sided with the British, French, and Ottomans against Russia in the Crimean War. This had the effect of gaining an ally in the form of France's leader, Napoleon III (not to be confused with Napoleon Bonaparte, his uncle.)
12th Nov '14 3:59:01 AM ferox
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The only Italian city-state republic of the Renaissance to survive to the present day practically unchanged. It escaped the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars because Napoleon admired it, considering it a model of good governance. Due to its sheltering Garibaldi during the wars of unification, the Kingdom of Italy honored its wishes to remain independent, as did Mussolini. As is traditional for Italian republics, it elects its leaders on very short terms, a matter of months. Bizarrely it was also the first place in the world to democratically elect a Communist government, and the Communists dutifully stood down when they were voted out a few years later.

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The only Italian city-state republic of the Renaissance to survive to the present day practically unchanged. It escaped the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars because Napoleon admired it, considering it a model of good governance. Due to its sheltering Garibaldi during the wars of unification, the Kingdom of Italy honored its wishes to remain independent, as did Mussolini. As is traditional for Italian republics, it elects its leaders on very short terms, a matter of months. Bizarrely it was also the first place in the world to democratically elect a Communist government, and the Communists dutifully stood down when they were voted out a few years later.
26th Sep '14 4:24:05 PM Quag15
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!!'''San Marino'''

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!!'''San Marino'''
!!'''UsefulNotes/SanMarino'''
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