History UsefulNotes / Syria

18th Apr '18 8:55:08 PM Morgenthaler
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* In ''{{Spooks}}'', Fiona Carter was first married to a Syrian, who she thought was hanged. [[spoiler: He wasn't and came to the UK, where he killed her]]

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* In ''{{Spooks}}'', ''Series/{{Spooks}}'', Fiona Carter was first married to a Syrian, who she thought was hanged. [[spoiler: He wasn't and came to the UK, where he killed her]]
9th Mar '18 8:26:41 PM AntonF
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It should be noted that the modern-day country of Syria encompasses less than what the Classical world called "Syria". The term was first used by the Ancient Greeks and is a corrupted rendering of "Assyria", the name of one half of the empires split from the Akkadian Empire, which was actually centered in Mesopotamia/Iraq. Even then, the Assyrian Empire only covered the northeastern part of the country, yet the Ancient Greeks used it to denote everywhere between their world and Mesopotamia: Syria, southern Anatolia (Classical Anatolia only covered the western half of what is now Asian Turkey), and Lebanon. One might find this classification familiar; indeed, the region was almost synonymous with what is called the '''Levant''' (French for "east"), which was first applied during the Late Middle Ages to cover the region plus Judea and Transjordan (both were originally separate provinces, but were merged with Syria to batter their increasingly-active rebellions during the Roman period). To this day, some Syrians still call for the restoration of this "Greater Syria", which is why they got rather worked up when their territories were carved out one by one during the interwar period and beyond (Turkey received Antioch/Hatay, that little region in the northern coast which formed a bay with Anatolia; Lebanon was carved out by the French primarily due to its substantial Christian population; while the Golan Heights is currently contested with Israel). It presents a problem, mostly because the real-life demography of Syria isn't homogenous (see below).

One of the earliest centers of human civilization, Syria has long been a crossroads for trade. Cities like Damascus, Aleppo, Homs (formerly Emesa), Antioch (now in Turkey) and Palmyra were historically important for the transfer of goods and ideas. It has been a part of, among other regimes, the Persian Empire, the Hellenistic Empires, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, various Arab caliphates, Crusader states, the empires of the Seljuk and Ottoman Turks, and the French empire after World War One.

Having spent most of its previous life under various empires, it became independent in its current form in 1946. Since 1963, it has been ruled by an authoritarian group of Ba'athists. Yes, ''that'' ideology, the same one as UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein--although they had a falling-out with the Iraqi branch in 1966 so bad that Syria backed the Americans in the UsefulNotes/GulfWar.

Since 1970, Syria has been governed by a guy named al-Assad (meaning "the lion"). From 1970 through 2000, it was Hafez, who modernized the country, opposed Israel and sided with Russia at the height of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar. Upon his death in 2000, he was replaced by his son, Bashar, the target of an ongoing CivilWar. Assad is an Alawite family, a secretive sect of Shia Islam that's a minority in Syria, Lebanon and Turkey. Some Muslims, especially Sunnis, don't think Alawites are really Muslims at all and this has been at the root of the sectarian conflict that has been ongoing with varying intensity between the country's Sunni majority and Alawite minority for a long time. That the Alawites dominate the government under the leadership of the al-Assad clan has not helped matters in recent years. In 1983, there was a major uprising against the Alawite-dominated government launched by the religious Sunni organizations that was crushed with utter brutality. The centers of this revolt coincide with the centers of the current revolt against the Syrian government today.

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It should be noted that In the modern-day country of Syria encompasses less than what distant past, the Classical world land was not actually called "Syria". Syria. The term was first used by is the Ancient Greeks and is a corrupted Greek rendering of "Assyria", the name of Assyria, which is located a bit more northeastern and overlaps with Upper Iraq. Assyria was one half of the empires split from pieces left over by the Akkadian Empire, which was actually centered in Mesopotamia/Iraq. Even then, the Assyrian Empire only covered the northeastern part of the country, yet the Ancient Greeks used when it to denote everywhere between their world and Mesopotamia: Syria, southern Anatolia (Classical Anatolia only covered the western half of what is now Asian Turkey), and Lebanon. One might find this classification familiar; indeed, the region was almost synonymous with what is called the '''Levant''' (French for "east"), which was first applied during the Late Middle Ages to cover the region plus Judea and Transjordan (both were collapsed around 2000 BCE. As a result, Assyria originally separate provinces, but were merged with referred to a branch of the East Semitic Akkadians. The ancient Greeks, however, understood Syria to batter their increasingly-active rebellions during as the Roman period). To this day, some Syrians still call for same as the restoration of this "Greater Syria", which is why they got rather worked up when their territories were carved out one by one during the interwar period and beyond (Turkey received Antioch/Hatay, that little region Fertile Crescent. The name has since stuck.

Located
in the northern coast which formed a bay with Anatolia; Lebanon was carved out by the French primarily due to its substantial Christian population; while the Golan Heights is currently contested with Israel). It presents a problem, mostly because the real-life demography of Syria isn't homogenous (see below).

One
middle of the earliest centers Fertile Crescent, where some of human civilization, Syria the first civilizations in the world made their home, Syria's history is extremely long. Damascus, the capital, has long been a settled since the time of the Neolithic (around 11,000 years ago), making it one of if not the oldest continuously-populated settlement in the world. It is also the crossroads for trade. Cities like Damascus, Aleppo, Homs (formerly Emesa), Antioch (now in Turkey) of the Old World, connecting the African, Asian, and Palmyra European continents; this has positive and negative implications. Goods and ideas were historically important exchanged regularly around its plains and oases, but it also has a frequent streak of being the battleground for the transfer of goods and ideas. empires wishing to expand their influence. It has been a part of, among other regimes, the Persian Empire, Empires, the Hellenistic Empires, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, various Arab caliphates, Crusader states, the empires of the Seljuk and Ottoman Turks, and the French empire after World War One.

One.

The original inhabitants of Syria were an assortment of Northwestern Semitic peoples, including the Amorites and Arameans. After the Macedonian invasion, the Mediterranean coast was colonized by Greeks and made into a part of the wider Byzantine Greek world. The 7th century CE Arab invasion marked a turning point, and the region has since become a firm and confident (especially when compared to [[CulturalCringe Lebanon]]) part of the Arab world. Pre-Arab customs (particularly cuisine) are however very influential in shaping up modern Syrian culture. Pockets of Aramaic speakers still exist in the north, but they are steadily declining.

Other than the aforementioned Arabs and (Aramaic-speaking) Christians, Syria hosts other large minorities due to its convoluted history. The largest minority is the Kurds, who are indigenous to the north. During the civil war, they have established the semi-independent Rojava[[note]]Full name ''Democratic Federation of Northern Syria''[[/note]], although unlike their compatriots in Iraq and Turkey, they seem content with a federal system and would happily join the country again after the war ends. The second largest, the Syrian Turkmens are carryovers of Seljuk and Ottoman rules and are basically Turks under a different name. There are also two quasi-Muslim ethnic religions, the Alawites and Druze. The Alawites are nominally Shia Muslims but have a belief system that incorporates reincarnation and a divine Trinity (albeit not [[UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}} the Trinity that you think of]][[note]] They include the Prophet Muhammad, his cousin Ali, and Salman al-Farisi as the most recent incarnations of the Divine Emanations[[/note]]), elevates Ali ibn Abu Thalib over Muhammad, and celebrates various pagan, Christian, and Gnostic festivals. The Druze developed from an Ismaili sect but are not recognized as Muslims by the government. Smaller minorities include the Armenians (the majority came to escape the Genocide), Circassians, and Yazidis.

Having spent most of its previous life under various empires, it Syria became independent in its current form in 1946. Since 1963, it has been ruled by an authoritarian group of Ba'athists. Yes, ''that'' ideology, the same one as UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein--although they had a falling-out with the Iraqi branch in 1966 so bad that Syria backed the Americans in the UsefulNotes/GulfWar.

Since 1970, Syria has been governed by a guy named al-Assad (meaning "the lion"). From 1970 through 2000, it was Hafez, who modernized the country, opposed Israel and sided with Russia at the height of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar. Upon his death in 2000, he was replaced by his son, Bashar, the target of an the ongoing CivilWar. civil war. Assad is an Alawite family, a secretive and nominal sect of Shia Islam that's that is a minority in Syria, Lebanon and Turkey. Some Muslims, especially Sunnis, don't do not think Alawites are really Muslims at all and this has been at the root of the sectarian conflict that has been ongoing with varying intensity between the country's Sunni majority and Alawite minority for a long time. That the Alawites dominate the government under the leadership of the al-Assad clan has not helped matters in recent years. In 1983, there was a major uprising against the Alawite-dominated government launched by the religious Sunni organizations that was crushed with utter brutality. The centers of this revolt coincide with the centers of the current revolt against the Syrian government today.



Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 400,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), are alleged to be the proxies of foreign powers (such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United States) and have called for the extermination of Syria's many non-Sunni religious minorities, while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.

Syria is currently the target of sanctions from the United States, Turkey, Europe, and the Arab League, who accuse the government of crushing the rebellions with an iron fist and a dose of chemical weapons (as said earlier, it's still unknown ''who'' used it, so RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment applies).. The Arab League suspended Syria on 16 November 2011, similarly in response to the governments continued crackdown on dissent and rejection of reforms.

Syria's capital, Dimashq (Damascus), is a key city in Christianity, as Paul's conversion took place on the road to it and there is a considerable Christian minority. It's also the oldest city in the world, with its foundations being continuously inhabited since ~8,000BC.

The population of Syria is incredibly diverse. You have the majority the Sunni Arabs who live in the mostly-dry interior, but the periphery presents one of the most [[PrecisionFStrike clusterf**ked]] area known to man, mostly due to the mountains: the area near the Mediterranean Sea coast is inhabited by the Alawi Muslims; the area just to the south (surrounding Lebanon) is the home to a Catholic minority known as the Melkite, while further south, in the Golan Heights, is the home of the Druze, a quasi-Muslim ethnoreligious group who branched off Shia Islam years ago. Then you have the north, on the border with Turkey, where one-quarter of the Kurds, an Indo-European group who speak a Persian-like language, call home; the Syrian Turkmens, Turkish-speaking people who have been the ButtMonkey for almost a hundred years and counting; ''and'' the Assyrians itself, a ''very, very old'' Christian group who split off from others since at least ''1,500'' years ago. This diversity is due to the fact that the country was originally a collection of individual provinces during the Ottoman era; the Ottomans, at least before they went berserk during World War I, were known for their leniency against minorities. In fact, up to the middle of the French mandate, most of these provinces were still separate states, until the French suddenly merged them together while giving only Lebanon independence. Considering the recent events, [[HoistByHisOwnPetard it might have bitten them in the ass]].

[[RunningGag To stress out what has been said for other Muslim-majority countries in Western Asia]], Syria is ''NOT'' all desert. The country/region did give its name to the titular rocky desert with little dunes which cover the Levant, but it only covers the northern and eastern part. The Mediterranean coast region is like, well, [[ShapedLikeItself other Mediterranean coast regions]], be it in Italy, Croatia, or Spain (there's a reason that "Mediterranean climate" classification exists). It has a lot of beautiful beaches; in fact, the port city of Latakia wass ''the'' tourist hotspot of the country before the Civil War. The coast is bounded by a series of mountain ranges, a continuation of the Mount Lebanon range from the south, separating the fertile coast with the dry interior. Damascus is, contrary to popular depictions, not built in the desert, but in a fertile land near another mountain range called the Anti-Lebanon, which contains Mount Hermon (the one where the fallen angels were banished in [[Literature/BookOfGenesis Genesis]]). Near it is the contested Golan Heights, which, [[TheMountainsOfIllinois contrary to]] ''Film/{{Left Behind|2000}}'', is ''very'' fertile and hilly. Most of the largest cities are built in these fertile highlands; the only one that isn't is Deir ez-Zor, which is indeed built in the middle of the desert.

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Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 400,000 450,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), are alleged to be the proxies of foreign powers (such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United States) and have called for the extermination of Syria's many non-Sunni religious minorities, while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used minorities. The government is no better, carpet bombing numerous centers of population to draw out capitulation from the opposition and, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment ostensibly]], uses chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of over 5 million Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.while more than 7.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.

day.

Syria is currently the target of sanctions from the United States, Turkey, Europe, and the Arab League, who accuse the government of crushing the rebellions with an iron fist and a dose of chemical weapons (as said earlier, it's still unknown ''who'' used it, so RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment applies)..applies). The Arab League suspended Syria on 16 November 2011, similarly in response to the governments continued crackdown on dissent and rejection of reforms.

Syria's capital, Dimashq (Damascus), is a key city in Christianity, as Paul's conversion took place on the road to it and there is a considerable Christian minority. It's also the oldest city in the world, with its foundations being continuously inhabited since ~8,000BC.

The population
As of Syria is incredibly diverse. You have the majority the Sunni Arabs who live in the mostly-dry interior, but the periphery presents one of the most [[PrecisionFStrike clusterf**ked]] area known to man, mostly due to the mountains: the area near the Mediterranean Sea coast is inhabited by the Alawi Muslims; the area just to the south (surrounding Lebanon) is the home to a Catholic minority known as the Melkite, while further south, in the Golan Heights, is the home of the Druze, a quasi-Muslim ethnoreligious group who branched off Shia Islam years ago. Then you have the north, on the border with Turkey, where one-quarter of the Kurds, an Indo-European group who speak a Persian-like language, call home; 2018, the Syrian Turkmens, Turkish-speaking people who have been government has recaptured most of the ButtMonkey for almost a hundred years country, with only scattered pieces of rebellious territory near the capital, in the south, the northwest, and counting; ''and'' a chunk of uninhabited patch of desert in the Assyrians itself, a ''very, very old'' Christian group who split off from others since at least ''1,500'' years ago. This diversity southeast, so another Arab uprising is due to becoming yet another FullCircleRevolution. Nevertheless, the fact that war is a massive [[NothingIsTheSameAnymore society-changing calamity]]. It's hard to imagine the country as it was originally a collection of individual provinces during pre-2011 (heck, it's hard to imagine anything ''other'' than the Ottoman era; the Ottomans, civil war, at least before they went berserk during World War I, were known for their leniency against minorities. In fact, up to the middle of the French mandate, most of these provinces were still separate states, until the French suddenly merged them together while giving only Lebanon independence. Considering the recent events, [[HoistByHisOwnPetard it might have bitten them in the ass]].

[[RunningGag To stress out what has been said for other Muslim-majority countries in Western Asia]], Syria is ''NOT'' all desert. The country/region did give its name to the titular rocky desert with little dunes which cover the Levant, but it only covers the northern and eastern part. The Mediterranean coast region is like, well, [[ShapedLikeItself other Mediterranean coast regions]], be it in Italy, Croatia, or Spain (there's a reason that "Mediterranean climate" classification exists). It has a lot of beautiful beaches; in fact, the port city of Latakia wass ''the'' tourist hotspot of the country before the Civil War. The coast is bounded by a series of mountain ranges, a continuation of the Mount Lebanon range from the south, separating the fertile coast with the dry interior. Damascus is, contrary to popular depictions, not built in the desert, but in a fertile land near another mountain range called the Anti-Lebanon, which contains Mount Hermon (the one where the fallen angels were banished in [[Literature/BookOfGenesis Genesis]]). Near it is the contested Golan Heights, which, [[TheMountainsOfIllinois contrary to]] ''Film/{{Left Behind|2000}}'', is ''very'' fertile and hilly. Most of the largest cities are built in these fertile highlands; the only one that isn't is Deir ez-Zor, which is indeed built in the middle of the desert.
media).



* Saint Raphel of ''Brooklyn'', an Orthodox Christian saint and the first to be consecrated in North American soil. [[SincerityMode No kidding]].
* Hafez al-Assad and his son, Bashar, two of the country's presidents. Both are members of the Alawi, a branch of Shia Islam which most Muslims don't consider as true Islam, in part due to its extreme secrecy. The latter is subject to the current Civil War.

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* Saint Raphel Raphael of ''Brooklyn'', Brooklyn, an Orthodox Christian saint and the first to be consecrated in North American soil. [[SincerityMode No kidding]].
soil.
* Hafez al-Assad and his son, Bashar, two of the country's presidents. Both are members of the Alawi, a branch of Shia Islam which most Muslims don't consider as true Islam, in part due to its extreme secrecy. The latter is subject to the current Civil War.



* ''Freaking'' Creator/SteveJobs - [[SuddenlyEthnicity Yes]], '''him'''. Co-founder and former CEO of UsefulNotes/AppleMacintosh, the largest shareholder of UsefulNotes/{{Disney}}, former CEO of UsefulNotes/{{Pixar}}, and possibly one of the most famous figure in of the computer and entertainment businesses in the world. Born to a Syrian Muslim father who emigrated to the US, but didn't know it until [[LukeIAmYourFather much, much later]]. Though of course, [[ItWasHisSled everyone already knew this by now]].

to:

* ''Freaking'' Creator/SteveJobs - [[SuddenlyEthnicity Yes]], '''him'''. Co-founder and former CEO of UsefulNotes/AppleMacintosh, the largest shareholder of UsefulNotes/{{Disney}}, former CEO of UsefulNotes/{{Pixar}}, and possibly one of the most famous figure in of the computer and entertainment businesses in the world. Born to a Syrian Muslim father who emigrated to the US, but didn't know it until [[LukeIAmYourFather much, much later]]. Though of course, [[ItWasHisSled everyone already knew know this by now]].
31st Jan '18 9:23:47 PM DoktorSoviet
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Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), are alleged to be the proxies of foreign powers (such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United States) and have called for the extermination of Syria's many non-Sunni religious minorities, while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.

to:

Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 400,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), are alleged to be the proxies of foreign powers (such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United States) and have called for the extermination of Syria's many non-Sunni religious minorities, while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.
13th Jan '18 9:58:15 AM Smeagol17
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** ''Series/TheBrave'' - The show's first episode is about attempting to rescue a kidnapped American aid worker in Damascus from the al-Nusra Front, complete with an {{Expy}} of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (never mind in RealLife that Baghdadi is the leader of ISIS, and al-Nusra despises him for breaking away from al-Qaida).

to:

** ''Series/TheBrave'' - The show's first episode is about attempting to rescue a kidnapped American aid worker in Damascus from the al-Nusra Front, complete with an {{Expy}} of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (never mind that in RealLife that Baghdadi is the leader of ISIS, and al-Nusra despises him for breaking away from al-Qaida).
27th Dec '17 9:13:08 PM djPROUDGEEK
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Syria has been a [[UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} Russian]] ally as far back as the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], serving as a surrogate in both the UsefulNotes/ColdWar and the UsefulNotes/ArabIsraeliConflict. It assisted UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} in waging several wars with UsefulNotes/{{Israel}}, and unlike Egypt, there is no ceasefire to be had between Israel and Syria. In fact, Israel destroyed what may have been a [[UsefulNotes/NorthKorea North Korean]] controlled nuclear reactor in 2008 and has occupied the Golan Heights (Syrian territory) since 1967. On account of its strategic alliance with UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}, it is widely believed to be a state sponsor of terrorism.

Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.

to:

Syria has been a [[UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} Russian]] ally as far back as the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], serving as a surrogate in both the UsefulNotes/ColdWar and the UsefulNotes/ArabIsraeliConflict. It assisted UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} in waging several wars with UsefulNotes/{{Israel}}, and unlike Egypt, there is no ceasefire to be had between Israel and Syria. In fact, Israel destroyed what may have been a [[UsefulNotes/NorthKorea North Korean]] controlled nuclear reactor in 2008 and has occupied the Golan Heights (Syrian territory) since 1967. On account of its strategic alliance with UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}, it is widely believed to be a state sponsor of terrorism.\n\n
Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), are alleged to be the proxies of foreign powers (such as Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United States) and have called for the extermination of Syria's many non-Sunni religious minorities, while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.
17th Nov '17 10:59:44 AM Smeagol17
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Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly half of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.

to:

Influenced by the UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly half a quarter of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.
13th Oct '17 12:54:26 PM JackTheHammer
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* A two-part episode in ''Series/{{Castle}}'' season 3 involves a dirty bomb set up somewhere in New York. One of the suspects Castle follows a lead on is a Syrian intelligence agent working out of Syria's embassy. [[RedHerring He's not the culprit]].



* ''Eddy'' - A 2015 RippedFromTheHeadlines [[UsefulNotes/{{Italy}} Italian]] short film about a volunteer who goes to Syria to take care of the war victims. Massive TearJerker follows. Declared "Official Human Rights Movie 2015" by the Council of Europe.
* ''Phantom'' - A 2015 also RippedFromTheHeadlines [[UsefulNotes/{{India}} Indian]] film about the aftermath of the 26/11 Mumbai attacks. Infamous due to an incident during production when the filmmakers built a set for Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon, which [[PoesLaw the Lebanese government thought was a real militia camp]].

to:

* Syrian settings with plotlines that are RippedFromTheHeadlines began appearing in media starting in [[TheNewTens the mid-2010s]] after the establishment of ISIS, and the escalation of the Syrian Civil War after Russian forces openly allied with the Syrian Arab Army:
**
''Eddy'' - A 2015 RippedFromTheHeadlines [[UsefulNotes/{{Italy}} Italian]] short film about a volunteer who goes to Syria to take care of the war victims. Massive TearJerker follows. Declared "Official Human Rights Movie 2015" by the Council of Europe.
* ** ''Phantom'' - A 2015 also RippedFromTheHeadlines [[UsefulNotes/{{India}} Indian]] film about the aftermath of the 26/11 Mumbai attacks. Infamous due to an incident during production when the filmmakers built a set for Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon, which [[PoesLaw the Lebanese government thought was a real militia camp]].camp]].
** ''Series/TheBrave'' - The show's first episode is about attempting to rescue a kidnapped American aid worker in Damascus from the al-Nusra Front, complete with an {{Expy}} of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (never mind in RealLife that Baghdadi is the leader of ISIS, and al-Nusra despises him for breaking away from al-Qaida).
** ''Series/SEALTeam'' - The second episode goes to Syria as the SEAL team is dispatched to acquire physical evidence of a chemical weapons plant the Syrian regime is illegally running.
7th Oct '17 5:47:33 AM FFShinra
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Influenced by the Arab spring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly half of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.

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Influenced by the Arab spring, UsefulNotes/ArabSpring, massive protests began mid-March 2011, and later escalated into an armed uprising and (by the summer of 2012) full-fledged CivilWar. The war is ongoing, and has killed more than 300,000 people. If you want any testimony in today's world that WarIsHell, look no further than Syria. A lot of the rebel groups have connections to terrorist organizations (including Al-Qaeda), while ''someone'' (nobody can agree who) used chemical weapons to attack rebels and civilians, which is clearly in violation of international law. Debate over what, if anything, can be done about this has become very heated, and there isn't an easy answer. Meanwhile, millions of Syrians have fled the country, sparking the largest refugee crisis the world has experienced up until now, (nearly half of the 22 million-population now lives outside of the country, that's about ''4.5 million people'', which is more than the total population of neighboring Lebanon; while many more live in a war zone every day.
23rd Aug '17 4:23:04 PM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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* ''Freaking'' Creator/SteveJobs - [[SincerityMode Yes]], '''him'''. Co-founder and former CEO of UsefulNotes/AppleMacintosh, the largest shareholder of UsefulNotes/{{Disney}}, former CEO of UsefulNotes/{{Pixar}}, and possibly one of the most famous figure in of the computer and entertainment businesses in the world. Born to a Syrian Muslim father who emigrated to the US, but didn't know it until [[LukeIAmYourFather much, much later]]. Though of course, [[ItWasHisSled everyone already knew this by now]].

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* ''Freaking'' Creator/SteveJobs - [[SincerityMode [[SuddenlyEthnicity Yes]], '''him'''. Co-founder and former CEO of UsefulNotes/AppleMacintosh, the largest shareholder of UsefulNotes/{{Disney}}, former CEO of UsefulNotes/{{Pixar}}, and possibly one of the most famous figure in of the computer and entertainment businesses in the world. Born to a Syrian Muslim father who emigrated to the US, but didn't know it until [[LukeIAmYourFather much, much later]]. Though of course, [[ItWasHisSled everyone already knew this by now]].
23rd Aug '17 4:18:51 PM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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[[RunningGag To stress out what has been said for other Muslim-majority countries in Western Asia]], Syria is ''NOT'' all desert. The country/region did give its name to the titular rocky desert with little dunes which cover the Levant, but it only covers the northern and eastern part. The Mediterranean coast region is like, well, [[ShapedLikeItself other Mediterranean coast regions]], be it in Italy, Croatia, or Spain (there's a reason that "Mediterranean climate" classification exists). It has a lot of beautiful beaches; in fact, the port city of Latakia wass ''the'' tourist hotspot of the country before the Civil War. The coast is bounded by a series of mountain ranges, a continuation of the Mount Lebanon range from the south, separating the fertile coast with the dry interior. Damascus is, contrary to popular depictions, not built in the desert, but in a fertile land near another mountain range called the Anti-Lebanon, which contains Mount Hermon (the one where the fallen angels were banished in [[Literature/BookOfGenesis Genesis]]). Near it is the contested Golan Heights, which, [[RunningGag contrary to]] ''[[Film/LeftBehind2000 Left Behind]]'', is ''very'' fertile and hilly. Most of the largest cities are built in these fertile highlands; the only one that isn't is Deir ez-Zor, which is indeed built in the middle of the desert.

to:

[[RunningGag To stress out what has been said for other Muslim-majority countries in Western Asia]], Syria is ''NOT'' all desert. The country/region did give its name to the titular rocky desert with little dunes which cover the Levant, but it only covers the northern and eastern part. The Mediterranean coast region is like, well, [[ShapedLikeItself other Mediterranean coast regions]], be it in Italy, Croatia, or Spain (there's a reason that "Mediterranean climate" classification exists). It has a lot of beautiful beaches; in fact, the port city of Latakia wass ''the'' tourist hotspot of the country before the Civil War. The coast is bounded by a series of mountain ranges, a continuation of the Mount Lebanon range from the south, separating the fertile coast with the dry interior. Damascus is, contrary to popular depictions, not built in the desert, but in a fertile land near another mountain range called the Anti-Lebanon, which contains Mount Hermon (the one where the fallen angels were banished in [[Literature/BookOfGenesis Genesis]]). Near it is the contested Golan Heights, which, [[RunningGag [[TheMountainsOfIllinois contrary to]] ''[[Film/LeftBehind2000 Left Behind]]'', ''Film/{{Left Behind|2000}}'', is ''very'' fertile and hilly. Most of the largest cities are built in these fertile highlands; the only one that isn't is Deir ez-Zor, which is indeed built in the middle of the desert.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.Syria