History UsefulNotes / SpanishAmericanWar

20th Jan '16 7:40:14 AM Traze
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* ATeamFiring: American gunnery at the Battle of Manila Bay was embarrassingly horrible. It's estimated that of some 4000 rounds of ammunition fired by Dewey's fleet, only about 2%, or eighty rounds, actually hit the enemy. A stationary enemy. And still the Spanish lost.

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* ATeamFiring: American gunnery at the Battle of Manila Bay was embarrassingly horrible. It's estimated that of some 4000 4000-6000 rounds of ammunition fired by Dewey's fleet, only about 2%, 2%-3%, or eighty 80-141 rounds, actually hit the enemy. A (mostly) stationary enemy. And still the Spanish lost. To the American fleet's credit when the Spanish flagship ''Reina Christina'' attempted to ram Commodore's Dewey's own flagship ''Olympia'', it was shot to pieces.
3rd Jan '16 7:29:32 PM AFP
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* CoolShip: The USS [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Olympia_(C-6) Olympia]]. Also, the USS [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Maine_(ACR-1) Maine]] [[AsYouKnow before she sank]]

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* CoolShip: The USS [[http://en.''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Olympia_(C-6) Olympia]]. Olympia]]''. Also, the USS [[http://en.''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Maine_(ACR-1) Maine]] Maine]]'' [[AsYouKnow before she sank]]sank]]. USS ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Vesuvius_(1888) Vesuvius]]'' merits a listing for her unique armament of three pneumatic guns.
3rd Jan '16 7:26:31 PM AFP
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Added DiffLines:

* FixedForwardFacingWeapon: The USS ''Vesuvius'' was a Dynamite Gun Cruiser, and armed with a trio of 15 inch pneumatic guns in her bow, fixed at a 16 degree elevation. These guns used pressurized air to launch hollow steel or brass projectiles loaded with up to 500 pounds of blasting gelatin[[note]]the explosives were [[MadeOfExplodium far too unstable]] to be fired from a standard gun[[/note]] at targets up to 4,000 yards away. While this was rather more limited in range than conventional guns, the ''Vesuvius's'' guns were also much quieter, allowing her to be used for sneak attacks against coastal targets.
31st Dec '15 6:09:47 AM JamesAustin
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->''"A splendid little war."''
-->--'''John Hay''', U.S. Secretary of State
8th Oct '15 2:51:12 PM AllenbysEyes
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** The US Army also had veterans of the US Civil War (which had ended about 33 years previously). One of them, Major General Joseph Wheeler, was a former ''Confederate General'' and, at the time of the Spanish-American War, was a member of the US Congress. He is reported to have said, while leading US troops, "Let's go, boys! We've got the damn Yankees on the run again!"

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** The US Army also had veterans of the US Civil War (which had ended about 33 years previously). One of them, Both William Shafter and Nelson Miles, who commanded the Cuban and Puerto Rican expeditions respectively, had served in the Union Army. Shafter's cavalry commander was Major General Joseph Wheeler, was a former ''Confederate General'' and, at the time of the Spanish-American War, was a member of the US Congress. He is reported to have said, while leading US troops, "Let's go, boys! We've got the damn Yankees on the run again!"
21st Sep '15 5:34:54 PM MarkLungo
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* ForgottenTrope: Or rather, forgotten ''war'': The wider Cuban and Philippine Wars saw the US fight against the Filipinos for three years, cost 4500 American lives, involved the Spanish and then the US building some of the world's first "concentration camps" (which in fairness were not the horrible death centers of [[ThoseWackyNazis 40 years later]] but rather extremely uncomfortable and rather degrading spots to "concentrate" the enemy; the British were doing the same thing [[SecondBoerWar in South Africa]]) and numerous atrocities on both sides (which is what inspired Twain to become an anti-Imperialist in the first place).

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* ForgottenTrope: Or rather, forgotten ''war'': The wider Cuban and Philippine Wars saw the US fight against the Filipinos for three years, cost 4500 American lives, involved the Spanish and then the US building some of the world's first "concentration camps" (which in fairness were not the horrible death centers of [[ThoseWackyNazis [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust 40 years later]] but rather extremely uncomfortable and rather degrading spots to "concentrate" the enemy; the British [[UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar were doing the same thing [[SecondBoerWar thing]] in South Africa]]) UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica]]) and numerous atrocities on both sides (which is what inspired Twain to become an anti-Imperialist in the first place).



* [[Film/CitizenKane Charles Foster Kane]], as a William Randolph Hearst {{expy}}, manipulates the public opinion for the war.

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* [[Film/CitizenKane In ''Film/CitizenKane'' Charles Foster Kane]], Kane, as a William Randolph Hearst {{expy}}, manipulates the public opinion for the war.
12th Aug '15 9:55:43 AM KamenRiderOokalf
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* The Western ''Pursued'' (1947) starring RobertMitchum, whose protagonist wins the Medal of Honor fighting in Cuba.

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* The Western ''Pursued'' (1947) starring RobertMitchum, Creator/RobertMitchum, whose protagonist wins the Medal of Honor fighting in Cuba.
3rd Jul '15 5:01:31 PM TheAntiTed
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* HistoryOfNavalWarfare: One of the last major wars to feature wooden-hulled (with metal armor) warships fighting against steel-hulled (pre-dreadnought) battleships. This war, combined with the UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar a few years later, could also be seen as a preview of [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII things to come]] as the two up-and-coming regional naval powers began to expand into the Pacific and Asia...

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* HistoryOfNavalWarfare: UsefulNotes/HistoryOfNavalWarfare: One of the last major wars to feature wooden-hulled (with metal armor) warships fighting against steel-hulled (pre-dreadnought) battleships. This war, combined with the UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar a few years later, could also be seen as a preview of [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII things to come]] as the two up-and-coming regional naval powers began to expand into the Pacific and Asia...
30th Jun '15 1:04:34 PM allium
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The Spanish-American War of [[TheGayNineties 1898]] was what happened when [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin The United States of America tried to conquer most of The Kingdom Of Spain's colonies]], i.e. Cuba and the UsefulNotes/{{Philippines}} but not Spanish Morocco or Spain itself.

Through the mid-to-late 19th century, Cuban nationalism and separatism was on the rise. The result, given Spain's utter reluctance to let the colony go, was inevitably violent. Uprisings were attempted, but they were all crushed with varying degrees of brutality. 'All', that is, with the exception of the very last one; in 1898, with half the entire island in-revolt, it looked as if Cuba ''really would'' gain her independence. In the midst of this process, the USS ''Maine'' (an American Armored Cruiser sent to [[GunboatDiplomacy implicitly threaten Spain with war if they didn't hurry up and give Cuba to the USA]]) blew up and sank in Havana Harbor. The US quickly seized upon this opportunity to intervene in the war before the rebellion could throw the Spanish out entirely and declare independence, with the US's investigation into the incident implicating the Spanish - who were quite right to have stated that it was a tragic US Navy accident at best (a result of poor ship-design and notoriously lax safety regulations) and a WoundedGazelleGambit at worst.

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The Spanish-American War of [[TheGayNineties 1898]] was what happened when [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin The the United States of America tried to conquer most of The the Kingdom Of Spain's colonies]], i.e. Cuba and the UsefulNotes/{{Philippines}} but not Spanish Morocco or Spain itself.

Through the mid-to-late 19th century, Cuban nationalism and separatism was on the rise. The result, given Spain's utter reluctance to let the colony go, was inevitably violent. Uprisings were attempted, but they were all crushed with varying degrees of brutality. 'All', ''All'', that is, with the exception of the very last one; in 1898, with half the entire island in-revolt, it looked as if Cuba ''really would'' gain her independence. In the midst of this process, the USS ''Maine'' (an American Armored Cruiser armored cruiser sent to [[GunboatDiplomacy implicitly threaten Spain with war if they didn't hurry up and give Cuba to the USA]]) blew up and sank in Havana Harbor. The US quickly seized upon this opportunity to intervene in the war before the rebellion could throw the Spanish out entirely and declare independence, with the US's investigation into the incident implicating the Spanish - who were quite right to have stated that it was a tragic US Navy accident at best (a result of poor ship-design and notoriously lax safety regulations) and a WoundedGazelleGambit at worst.



While Spain's giving up Cuba was the original ''casus belli'', the US ended up demanding the same deal for all of Spain's overseas colonies. The people of Puerto Rico also took the opportunity to demand independence, for instance, as did the peoples of the Philippines - who were already in open revolt and had established a provisional government which the US negotiated with. The US' naval power was employed to great effect, though the performance of the army was a little lacklustre - the US Army were inexperienced and ill-organised, and lost a great many officers due to Spanish snipers using 'smokeless'-powder weaponry (the US Army still used 'black-powder' weapons, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin which gave off dark clouds of gunpowder when fired]]). American and Cuban Revolutionary forces soon worked together to make good use of their numerical superiority over the Spanish loyalist and government forces, however. The infamous Charge at San Juan Hill [in which future US President 'UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt' first attained national fame] and the Battle of Manila Bay, a CurbStompBattle if ever there was one, are good illustrations of the course of the war at large.

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While Spain's giving up Cuba was the original ''casus belli'', the US ended up demanding the same deal for all of Spain's overseas colonies. The people of Puerto Rico also took the opportunity to demand independence, for instance, as did the peoples of the Philippines - who were already in open revolt and had established a provisional government which the US negotiated with. The US' US naval power was employed to great effect, though the performance of the army was a little lacklustre - the US Army were inexperienced and ill-organised, and lost a great many officers due to Spanish snipers using 'smokeless'-powder weaponry (the US Army still used 'black-powder' weapons, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin which gave off dark clouds of gunpowder when fired]]). American and Cuban Revolutionary forces soon worked together to make good use of their numerical superiority over the Spanish loyalist and government forces, however. The infamous Charge at San Juan Hill [in (in which future US President 'UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt' UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt first attained national fame] fame) and the Battle of Manila Bay, a CurbStompBattle if ever there was one, are good illustrations of the course of the war at large.
28th Apr '15 10:31:29 AM nombretomado
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** At the time, and long-afterward, critics of the war openly feared [[YouAreWhatYouHate the United States becoming An Empire]] [[AmericaTakesOverTheWorld which might just conquer all of the Americas or even ''The World'']] [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans in the name of making it a better place]] - just like [[TheBritishEmpire Great Britain.]]

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** At the time, and long-afterward, critics of the war openly feared [[YouAreWhatYouHate the United States becoming An Empire]] [[AmericaTakesOverTheWorld which might just conquer all of the Americas or even ''The World'']] [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans in the name of making it a better place]] - just like [[TheBritishEmpire [[UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire Great Britain.]]



* UngratefulBastard: The USA, in Spain's popular consciousness. The Kingdom of Spain had [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution helped the USA secede]] from TheBritishEmpire. In return, the USA had annexed Spanish Florida and now wanted Cuba and The Philippines.

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* UngratefulBastard: The USA, in Spain's popular consciousness. The Kingdom of Spain had [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution helped the USA secede]] from TheBritishEmpire.UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire. In return, the USA had annexed Spanish Florida and now wanted Cuba and The Philippines.
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