History UsefulNotes / SpanishAmericanWar

20th Sep '16 9:32:25 AM Kalmbach
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* OldShame: The USA's behavior in the Philippines was, in hindsight, pretty terrible, which might be why it's almost never brought up nowadays.
20th Sep '16 9:28:44 AM Kalmbach
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* SmallReferencePools: When it's lucky enough to be remembered at all, the Spanish-American War consists entirely of Teddy Roosevelt being a Rough Rider and (optional) Hearst's crazy yellow journalism.

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* SmallReferencePools: When it's lucky enough to be remembered at all, the Spanish-American War consists entirely of Teddy Roosevelt being a Rough Rider Rider, "Remember the Maine", and (optional) Hearst's crazy yellow journalism.



** The US Army also had veterans of the US Civil War (which had ended about 33 years previously). Both William Shafter and Nelson Miles, who commanded the Cuban and Puerto Rican expeditions respectively, had served in the Union Army. Shafter's cavalry commander was Major General Joseph Wheeler, a former ''Confederate General'' and, at the time of the Spanish-American War, a member of the US Congress. He is reported to have said, while leading US troops, "Let's go, boys! We've got the damn Yankees on the run again!"
* WakeUpCallBoss: Even though the war was a quick American victory, the poor performance of the army in certain battles caused the government to sink more money into modernizing them.

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** The US Army also had veterans of the US Civil War (which had ended about 33 years previously). Both William Shafter and Nelson Miles, who commanded the Cuban and Puerto Rican expeditions respectively, had served in the Union Army. Shafter's cavalry commander was Major General Joseph Wheeler, a former ''Confederate General'' ''Confederate'' General and, at the time of the Spanish-American War, a member of the US Congress. He is reported to have said, while leading US troops, "Let's go, boys! We've got the damn Yankees on the run again!"
* WakeUpCallBoss: Even though the war was a quick American victory, the poor performance of the army in certain battles caused the government to sink more money into modernizing them. Similarly, the terrible accuracy of the Navy at Manila Bay demonstrated the need for more gunnery training and better systems of fire control and coordination of ships.
20th Sep '16 8:48:44 AM Kalmbach
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* TheCaptain: Commodore Dewey quickly became the archetype of a naval hero for the US.
* ColonelBadass: Colonel TheodoreRoosevelt, United States Army.
4th Sep '16 5:52:38 PM mirisu92
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** Not to mention the Philippine sequel to that war—as in, "The Philippine-American ''what''?!"
4th Sep '16 8:16:25 AM mirisu92
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** Not to mention the Philippine sequel to that war, as in, "The Philippine-American ''what''?!

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** Not to mention the Philippine sequel to that war, as war—as in, "The Philippine-American ''what''?!''what''?!"
4th Sep '16 8:16:01 AM mirisu92
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** Not to mention the Philippine sequel to that war, as in, "The Philippine-American ''what''?!
4th Sep '16 8:10:46 AM mirisu92
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* EndOfAnAge: The end of four hundred years of Spanish colonial rule in the Americas, dating all the way back to UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus. Granted, Spain had already lost most of its colonies by this point, but this is when they finally lost their last ones in the New World. Fittingly enough, it's also the DawnOfAnEra -- the era in which the United States is one of the world's major powers.

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* EndOfAnAge: The end of four hundred years of Spanish colonial rule in the Americas, dating all the way back to UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus. Granted, Spain had already lost most of its colonies by this point, but this is when they finally lost their last ones in the New World.World (and in the Pacific). Fittingly enough, it's also the DawnOfAnEra -- the era in which the United States is one of the world's major powers.


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* The Filipino biopic ''Film/HeneralLuna'' (2015) revolves around the life and campaigns of General Antonio Luna, one of the major leaders in the Philippine-American War.
27th Aug '16 8:27:26 PM JamesAustin
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* {{Badass}}: Many on both sides. The Rough Riders of the United States were just one example.



* CurbStompBattle: The Battle of Manila Bay. With the sole American casualty due to heat stroke. The Battle at Santiago De Cuba had similar results, with only two American casualties.

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* CurbStompBattle: CurbStompBattle:
**
The Battle of Manila Bay. With the sole American casualty due to heat stroke. The Battle at Santiago De Cuba had similar results, with only two American casualties.casualties.
** A rather hilarious one occurred at the capture of Guam by the USS Charleston. She charged at full speed into the main harbor, firing a challenge salvo at the Spanish in Fort Santa Cruz; the leader of the Spanish garrison abruptly rowed out to the Charleston and apologized for not having any gunpowder to return what HE thought was a saluting gesture, because he [[IgnoredVitalNewsReports had no idea war had been declared]]. The Charleston proceeded to take him prisoner and the whole barrack surrendered the next day. In the Spanish's defense, [[PoorCommunicationKills news didn't travel very fast back then.]]



** A rather hilarious one occurred at the capture of Guam by the USS Charleston. She charged at full speed into the main harbor, firing a challenge salvo at the Spanish in Fort Santa Cruz; the leader of the Spanish garrison abruptly rowed out to the Charleston and apologized for not having any gunpowder to return what HE thought was a saluting gesture, because he [[IgnoredVitalNewsReports had no idea war had been declared]]. The Charleston proceeded to take him prisoner and the whole barrack surrendered the next day. In the Spanish's defense, [[PoorCommunicationKills news didn't travel very fast back then.]]



* TheEmpire: The Spanish Empire.
** At the time, and long-afterward, critics of the war openly feared [[YouAreWhatYouHate the United States becoming An Empire]] [[AmericaTakesOverTheWorld which might just conquer all of the Americas or even ''The World'']] [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans in the name of making it a better place]] - just like [[UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire Great Britain.]]



* ForgottenTrope: Or rather, forgotten ''war'': The wider Cuban and Philippine Wars saw the US fight against the Filipinos for three years, cost 4500 American lives, involved the Spanish and then the US building some of the world's first "concentration camps" (which in fairness were not the horrible death centers of [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust 40 years later]] but rather extremely uncomfortable and rather degrading spots to "concentrate" the enemy; the British [[UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar were doing the same thing]] in UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica]]) and numerous atrocities on both sides (which is what inspired Twain to become an anti-Imperialist in the first place).

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* ForgottenTrope: Or rather, forgotten ''war'': The wider Cuban and Philippine Wars saw the US fight against the Filipinos for three years, cost 4500 American lives, involved the Spanish and then the US building some of the world's first "concentration camps" (which in fairness were not the horrible death centers of [[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust 40 years later]] but rather extremely uncomfortable and rather degrading spots to "concentrate" the enemy; the British [[UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar were doing the same thing]] in UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica]]) UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica) and numerous atrocities on both sides (which is what inspired Twain to become an anti-Imperialist in the first place).



* [[TheGayNineties The "Not So" Gay Nineties]]: For Spain and her last colonies.
* GeneralFailure: Most historians portray William Shafter, commander of America's expeditionary force to Cuba, in this light. YMMV whether it's entirely fair, given that Shafter succeeded in his task.
* GunboatDiplomacy: The Americans had long-since declared that [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_Doctrine Latin America was theirs to use as they saw fit.]] The USA wanted to force the Spanish authorities in Cuba to give them the same deal that they had 'negotiated' with every other BananaRepublic in Latin America - no (or very low) taxes on US-owned businesses, no laws promoting local over US-owned business, and no tarrifs on products imported from the USA as per the principle of 'free trade'[[note]] This last bit was rather hypocritical. Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries the USA maintained a 50% tarrif (import-tax) on all non-agricultural goods imported from overseas. Compare Britain, which maintained a tarrif of 0% for the same period[[/note]]. However, Spain was strong (and brave) enough to stand up to the USA - so the USA sent their USS ''Maine'' to Havana, Cuba, as a blatant threat that the USA could declare war on them and also in the hope that there would be an incident which the USA could use as a pretext to declare war on them without looking bad. Although it was sent there as a threat and hopefully to cause an incident that would lead to war, its blowing up at anchor there was almost certainly an accident - safety regulations, ''even regarding things like high explosives'', were neither thorough nor properly enforced in a navy as third-rate as the USA's.
* UsefulNotes/HistoryOfNavalWarfare: One of the last major wars to feature wooden-hulled (with metal armor) warships fighting against steel-hulled (pre-dreadnought) battleships. This war, combined with the UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar a few years later, could also be seen as a preview of [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII things to come]] as the two up-and-coming regional naval powers began to expand into the Pacific and Asia...
** This was also the first war the United States fought using [[UsefulNotes/TypesOfNavalShips Battleships]], with the USS ''Texas'' being the first such ship to enter service (her sister ship, the armored cruiser USS ''Maine''[[note]]classified as a cruiser rather than a battleship due to her main battery having two sets of two 10 inch guns, rather than 2 sets of 12 inch guns[[/note]], is infamous for being tragically involved with the lead-up to the war due to her accidentally blowing up in Havana Harbor).
* Creator/MarkTwain: Started out supporting the war, but very quickly became disillusioned. He viewed the Philippine-American War as a great betrayal of both the Philippines and American democratic principles, and was absolutely caustic in his criticism of it. He once suggested a flag for the U.S.-occupied Philippines -- "just our usual flag, with the white stripes painted black and the stars replaced by the skull and cross-bones."
* {{Sequel}}: The Philippine-American War.

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* [[TheGayNineties The "Not So" Gay Nineties]]: TheGayNineties: For Spain and her last colonies.
* GeneralFailure: Most historians portray William Shafter, commander of America's expeditionary force to Cuba, in this light. YMMV whether it's entirely fair, given that Shafter succeeded in his task.
* GunboatDiplomacy: The Americans had long-since declared that [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_Doctrine Latin America was theirs to use as they saw fit.]] The USA wanted to force the Spanish authorities in Cuba to give them the same deal that they had 'negotiated' with every other BananaRepublic in Latin America - no (or very low) taxes on US-owned businesses, no laws promoting local over US-owned business, and no tarrifs on products imported from the USA as per the principle of 'free trade'[[note]] This last bit was rather hypocritical. Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries the USA maintained a 50% tarrif (import-tax) on all non-agricultural goods imported from overseas. Compare Britain, which maintained a tarrif of 0% for the same period[[/note]]. However, Spain was strong (and brave) enough to stand up to the USA - so the USA sent their USS ''Maine'' to Havana, Cuba, as a blatant threat that the USA could declare war on them and also in the hope that there would be an incident which the USA could use as a pretext to declare war on them without looking bad. Although it was sent there as a threat and hopefully to cause an incident that would lead to war, its blowing up at anchor there was almost certainly an accident - safety regulations, ''even regarding things like high explosives'', were neither thorough nor properly enforced in a navy as third-rate as the USA's.
* UsefulNotes/HistoryOfNavalWarfare: One of the last major wars to feature wooden-hulled (with metal armor) warships fighting against steel-hulled (pre-dreadnought) battleships. This war, combined with the UsefulNotes/RussoJapaneseWar a few years later, could also be seen as a preview of [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII things to come]] as the two up-and-coming regional naval powers began to expand into the Pacific and Asia...
** This was also the first war the United States fought using [[UsefulNotes/TypesOfNavalShips Battleships]], with the USS ''Texas'' being the first such ship to enter service (her sister ship, the armored cruiser USS ''Maine''[[note]]classified as a cruiser rather than a battleship due to her main battery having two sets of two 10 inch guns, rather than 2 sets of 12 inch guns[[/note]], is infamous for being tragically involved with the lead-up to the war due to her accidentally blowing up in Havana Harbor).
* Creator/MarkTwain: Started out supporting the war, but very quickly became disillusioned. He viewed the Philippine-American War as a great betrayal of both the Philippines and American democratic principles, and was absolutely caustic in his criticism of it. He once suggested a flag for the U.S.-occupied Philippines -- "just our usual flag, with the white stripes painted black and the stars replaced by the skull and cross-bones."
* {{Sequel}}: The Philippine-American War.
colonies.



* TwilightOfTheOldWest: This war was the last one in which the US Army (or some of it) fought in blue uniforms, and many regiments still carried black-powder weapons much like those used in the (just barely over) Indian Wars. UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt's Rough Rider regiment included many actual cowboys, as well.

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* TwilightOfTheOldWest: TwilightOfTheOldWest:
**
This war was the last one in which the US Army (or some of it) fought in blue uniforms, and many regiments still carried black-powder weapons much like those used in the (just barely over) Indian Wars. UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt's Rough Rider regiment included many actual cowboys, as well.



* UngratefulBastard: The USA, in Spain's popular consciousness. The Kingdom of Spain had [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution helped the USA secede]] from UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire. In return, the USA had annexed Spanish Florida and now wanted Cuba and The Philippines.
* VestigialEmpire: Spain, while it ruled a respectable overseas empire, was this. It had already lost Mexico and South America due to a series of revolutions, and was down to only holding Cuba, some other obscure islands, Puerto Rico, [[UsefulNotes/EquatorialGuinea some]] [[UsefulNotes/WesternSahara territory]] in Africa, and (most importantly) the Philippines. Its swift defeat in this war and the subsequent "Banana Wars" was a clear sign that the United States was the next-most powerful country in The Americas to Britain, whom (due to having twice her population, not to mention oodles of resources) she would soon surpass.
20th Jan '16 7:40:14 AM Traze
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* ATeamFiring: American gunnery at the Battle of Manila Bay was embarrassingly horrible. It's estimated that of some 4000 rounds of ammunition fired by Dewey's fleet, only about 2%, or eighty rounds, actually hit the enemy. A stationary enemy. And still the Spanish lost.

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* ATeamFiring: American gunnery at the Battle of Manila Bay was embarrassingly horrible. It's estimated that of some 4000 4000-6000 rounds of ammunition fired by Dewey's fleet, only about 2%, 2%-3%, or eighty 80-141 rounds, actually hit the enemy. A (mostly) stationary enemy. And still the Spanish lost. To the American fleet's credit when the Spanish flagship ''Reina Christina'' attempted to ram Commodore's Dewey's own flagship ''Olympia'', it was shot to pieces.
3rd Jan '16 7:29:32 PM AFP
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* CoolShip: The USS [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Olympia_(C-6) Olympia]]. Also, the USS [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Maine_(ACR-1) Maine]] [[AsYouKnow before she sank]]

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* CoolShip: The USS [[http://en.''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Olympia_(C-6) Olympia]]. Olympia]]''. Also, the USS [[http://en.''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Maine_(ACR-1) Maine]] Maine]]'' [[AsYouKnow before she sank]]sank]]. USS ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Vesuvius_(1888) Vesuvius]]'' merits a listing for her unique armament of three pneumatic guns.
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