History UsefulNotes / RedsWithRockets

20th Sep '17 9:00:36 AM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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Largely a conscript force, unlike the USA's more volunteer force (at least after the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar). Pretty much everything about Soviet armed forces was designed around reliability, from durable-but-simple vehicles, to every distinct form of weapon having a distinctly named ammo (even if two different weapons had, say, rounds 40mm in diameter, the Soviets would call one of them a 38mm round, just so idiots in the supply chain would be less likely to make mistakes). The durable-but-simple philosophy also made it possible for the Soviets to have a remarkably successful foreign arms trade, even with lower productivity in their electronics sector; versions of vehicles made for export simply left out the bits that were tricky to manufacture and used cheaper (i.e. weaker) materials for everything, e.g. hull armor. Thus, say, the BMP-1 that Egypt operated was a ''much'' different beast than the BMP-1 that the Soviets themselves had.

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Largely a conscript force, unlike the USA's more post-[[UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar Vietnam]] volunteer force (at least after the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar).force. Pretty much everything about Soviet armed forces was designed around reliability, from durable-but-simple vehicles, to every distinct form of weapon having a distinctly named ammo (even if two different weapons had, say, rounds 40mm in diameter, the Soviets would call one of them a 38mm round, just so idiots in the supply chain would be less likely to make mistakes). The durable-but-simple philosophy also made it possible for the Soviets to have a remarkably successful foreign arms trade, even with lower productivity in their electronics sector; versions of vehicles made for export simply left out the bits that were tricky to manufacture and used cheaper (i.e. weaker) materials for everything, e.g. hull armor. Thus, say, the BMP-1 that Egypt operated was a ''much'' different beast than the BMP-1 that the Soviets themselves had.
1st Sep '17 9:29:45 AM SSJMagus
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* [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/smg02-e.htm PPSh-41]] - or, among other names, the "Pah-Pah-Shah" (due to that being the spelling in Russian). It's known for its massive drum magazine which was copied from a Finnish model and could carry 71 rounds (although the gun could make use of 35-round box magazines as well). Developed during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII to replace [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/smg01-e.htm PPD-40]] submachine gun with something better suited for mass production (like [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/smg32-e.htm Grease gun]] vs. Tommy Gun) and around 6 million were produced. It proved to be very popular with Soviet soldiers despite some drawbacks, such as its length, weight and outdated wooden furniture with rifle grip. Also saw action in the hands of Chinese troops in the Korean conflict (aka "burp gun").

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* [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/smg02-e.htm PPSh-41]] - or, among other names, the "Pah-Pah-Shah" (due to that being the spelling in Russian). It's known for its massive drum magazine which was copied from a Finnish model and could carry 71 rounds (although the gun could eventually make use of 35-round box magazines as well). Developed during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII to replace [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/smg01-e.htm PPD-40]] submachine gun with something better suited for mass production (like [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/smg32-e.htm Grease gun]] vs. Tommy Gun) and around 6 million were produced. It proved to be very popular with Soviet soldiers despite some drawbacks, such as its length, weight and outdated wooden furniture with rifle grip. After 1943, the [=PPSh=] was modified to use the 35-round box magazine of the PPS-43, since the 71-round drum was less reliable[[note]]While the same magazine was quite reliable in the PPD-40, and the Finnish KP/-31 magazine they were largely copied from were quite reliable, the [=PPSh=] had a looser magazine well, and reliability dropped off dramatically if a [=PPSh=] was separated from the 2 serial-matched drums that were hand-fitted to it.[[/note]] and even more importantly, the slowest and most expensive component to make for the [=PPSh=]. Also saw action in the hands of Chinese troops in the Korean conflict (aka "burp gun").



* [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/rus/ppp-43-e.html PPS-43]] - The forgotten half-brother of the [=PPSh-41=]. Created in response to a requirement for a shorter and lighter submachine gun, the PPS-43 turned out to be even easier to make: it cost half the amount of steel required to make a [=PPSh-41=] and could be assembled in two thirds the time with even less skilled labour involved. Due to its use of a folding stock and pistol grip as well as its lower cyclic rate of fire, it was also much easier to handle as well. For reasons that have partly to do with the fact that most of them were built at Leningrad (which was under siege by the Germans for over three years), the PPS-43 was not as widely used as its more famous counterpart. Still, very few guns manage to come close to the PPS-43's level of simplicity, and over 2 million were made by the Russians alone. They were used extensively by the Vietnamese.

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* [[http://world.guns.ru/smg/rus/ppp-43-e.html PPS-43]] - The forgotten half-brother of the [=PPSh-41=]. Created in response to a requirement for a shorter and lighter submachine gun, the PPS-43 turned out to be even easier to make: it cost half the amount of steel required to make a [=PPSh-41=] and could be assembled in two thirds the time with even less skilled labour involved. Due to its use of a folding stock and pistol grip as well as its lower cyclic rate of fire, it was also much easier to handle as well. For reasons that have partly to do with the fact that most of them were built at Leningrad (which was under siege by the Germans for over three years), the PPS-43 was not as widely used as its more famous counterpart. Another factor was that while the PPS-43 '''was''' cheaper and faster to manufacture than the [=PPSh-41=], the factories that were already making the [=PPSh=] continued to do so since switching to the PPS would require temporarily shutting them down. Still, very few guns manage to come close to the PPS-43's level of simplicity, and over 2 million were made by the Russians alone. They were used extensively by the Vietnamese.
30th Aug '17 2:23:50 AM HalcyonDayz
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* [[http://world.guns.ru/assault/as01-e.htm AK-47]] - The ''world famous'' AK. Most produced firearm in history. Scoring probably millions of kills for its users. Appears on the flags of Mozambique and Hezbollah. In fiction, used by every terrorist group going and of course, the Reds With Rockets. However, in a bizarre RealLife case of AKA47, what most people would think are AK-47's are actually the AKM, an updated version created in 1959(whereas the most definitive classic "AK47" would be the circa 1955 Type III milled receiver). Alternatively, they could actually mean the Chinese [[SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute Type 56]]. The only meaningful differences are the Chinese markings versus Russian markings, a commonly provided swivel for the flip-out bayonet à la SKS (which in Chinese production is called the Type 56 carbine despite the SKS and AK having little relation, as China began production of both weapons in 1956), and that the front sight has an enclosed hood like the SVT-40, instead of the open top of the true AK.

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* [[http://world.guns.ru/assault/as01-e.htm AK-47]] - The ''world famous'' AK. Most produced firearm in history. Scoring probably millions of kills for its users. Appears on the flags of Mozambique and Hezbollah. In fiction, used by every terrorist group going and of course, the Reds With Rockets. However, in a bizarre RealLife case of AKA47, what most people would think are AK-47's are actually the AKM, an updated version created in 1959(whereas the most definitive classic "AK47" "[=AK47=]" would be the circa 1955 Type III milled receiver). Alternatively, they could actually mean the Chinese [[SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute Type 56]]. The only meaningful differences are the Chinese markings versus Russian markings, a commonly provided swivel for the flip-out bayonet à á la SKS (which in Chinese production is called the Type 56 carbine despite the SKS and AK having little relation, as China began production of both weapons in 1956), and that the front sight has an enclosed hood like the SVT-40, instead of the open top of the true AK.



* The RPK, with a thicker receiver similar to the original Type III AK47 receiver, and a longer and thicker barrel. Meant to be the squad auto weapon, using either extended AK magazines or drums that hold about 75 rounds. Contrast with the earlier, belt-fed RPD it replaced.

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* The RPK, with a thicker receiver similar to the original Type III AK47 [=AK47=] receiver, and a longer and thicker barrel. Meant to be the squad auto weapon, using either extended AK magazines or drums that hold about 75 rounds. Contrast with the earlier, belt-fed RPD it replaced.
29th Aug '17 10:19:23 AM Wooboo
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* The instantly recognizable [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Mi-24 Mi-24]] attack helicopter series, easily identified in the "D" model and onward by a "double bubble" cockpit design. Beginning in the late 1960's, the Mi-24 would undergo numerous design changes over it's 40+ years of service for the Soviet and later Russian army. Unique in that it is both a dedicated attack helicopter with a troop transport capability, it has been produced in a wide variety of variants with an equally wide selection of firepower, with variants capable of sporting everything from machine guns, cannons, numerous varieties of rockets, guided ATGMs and even dumb-fire bombs. This heavily armored attack helicopter has been exported to over 30 nations, seen action in dozens of conflicts, and has appeared in everything from films, to literature to video games. Although it's been gradually replaced in Russian service by the newer Ka-50 and Mi-28 attack helicopters, the Mi-24 is expected to be in Russian use well into the late 2020's, and will likely serve in the armies of other nations for even longer.

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* The instantly recognizable [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Mi-24 Mi-24]] attack helicopter series, easily identified in the "D" model and onward by a "double bubble" cockpit design. Beginning in the late 1960's, the Mi-24 would undergo numerous design changes over it's 40+ years of service for the Soviet and later Russian army. Unique in that it is both a dedicated attack helicopter with a troop transport capability, it has been produced in a wide variety of variants with an equally wide selection of firepower, with variants capable of sporting everything from machine guns, cannons, numerous varieties of rockets, guided ATGMs [=ATGMs=] and even dumb-fire bombs. This heavily armored attack helicopter has been exported to over 30 nations, seen action in dozens of conflicts, and has appeared in everything from films, to literature to video games. Although it's been gradually replaced in Russian service by the newer Ka-50 and Mi-28 attack helicopters, the Mi-24 is expected to be in Russian use well into the late 2020's, and will likely serve in the armies of other nations for even longer.
29th Aug '17 10:18:06 AM Wooboo
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* The instantly recognizable [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Mi-24 Mi-24]] attack helicopter series, easily identified in the "D" model and onward by a "double bubble" cockpit design. Beginning in the late 1960's, the Mi-24 would undergo numerous design changes over it's 40+ years of service for the Soviet and later Russian army. Unique in that it is both a dedicated attack helicopter with a troop transport capability, it has been produced in a wide variety of variants with an equally wide selection of firepower, allowing it to handle a wide range of mission profiles. This heavily armored attack helicopter has been exported to over 30 nations, seen action in dozens of conflicts, and has appeared in everything from films, to literature to video games. Although it's been gradually replaced in Russian service by the newer Ka-50 and Mi-28 attack helicopters, the Mi-24 is expected to be in Russian use well into the late 2020's, and will likely serve in the armies of other nations for even longer.

to:

* The instantly recognizable [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Mi-24 Mi-24]] attack helicopter series, easily identified in the "D" model and onward by a "double bubble" cockpit design. Beginning in the late 1960's, the Mi-24 would undergo numerous design changes over it's 40+ years of service for the Soviet and later Russian army. Unique in that it is both a dedicated attack helicopter with a troop transport capability, it has been produced in a wide variety of variants with an equally wide selection of firepower, allowing it to handle a wide range with variants capable of mission profiles.sporting everything from machine guns, cannons, numerous varieties of rockets, guided ATGMs and even dumb-fire bombs. This heavily armored attack helicopter has been exported to over 30 nations, seen action in dozens of conflicts, and has appeared in everything from films, to literature to video games. Although it's been gradually replaced in Russian service by the newer Ka-50 and Mi-28 attack helicopters, the Mi-24 is expected to be in Russian use well into the late 2020's, and will likely serve in the armies of other nations for even longer.
29th Aug '17 10:14:07 AM Wooboo
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* The instantly recognizable [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mil_Mi-24 Mi-24]] attack helicopter series, easily identified in the "D" model and onward by a "double bubble" cockpit design. Beginning in the late 1960's, the Mi-24 would undergo numerous design changes over it's 40+ years of service for the Soviet and later Russian army. Unique in that it is both a dedicated attack helicopter with a troop transport capability, it has been produced in a wide variety of variants with an equally wide selection of firepower, allowing it to handle a wide range of mission profiles. This heavily armored attack helicopter has been exported to over 30 nations, seen action in dozens of conflicts, and has appeared in everything from films, to literature to video games. Although it's been gradually replaced in Russian service by the newer Ka-50 and Mi-28 attack helicopters, the Mi-24 is expected to be in Russian use well into the late 2020's, and will likely serve in the armies of other nations for even longer.
27th Aug '17 1:42:23 PM nombretomado
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Apart from the bomber aircraft mentioned [[Main/{{MnogoNukes}} here]], the Soviets also produced some very advanced fighters, helicopters, and some stand-out tanks and [=APCs=]. What often escapes notice is how small a lot of the cockpits were. Russian military leaders in WWII had the bright idea to sort the army by size, making big men infantry, and letting the little men be tank crew. This meant building the tank smaller, and therefore getting thicker armor for the same weight. This philosophy carried forward over time and into areas as disparate as rocket science. Vostok space capsules were tiny, so the first Russian cosmonauts were also small; YuriGagarin was about 5'5", whereas American astronauts Alan Shepard and Neil Armstrong were 5'11" and 5'9" respectively. This is another reason to bring in the ladies (see below), as they started to run short on men small enough to fit.

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Apart from the bomber aircraft mentioned [[Main/{{MnogoNukes}} here]], the Soviets also produced some very advanced fighters, helicopters, and some stand-out tanks and [=APCs=]. What often escapes notice is how small a lot of the cockpits were. Russian military leaders in WWII had the bright idea to sort the army by size, making big men infantry, and letting the little men be tank crew. This meant building the tank smaller, and therefore getting thicker armor for the same weight. This philosophy carried forward over time and into areas as disparate as rocket science. Vostok space capsules were tiny, so the first Russian cosmonauts were also small; YuriGagarin UsefulNotes/YuriGagarin was about 5'5", whereas American astronauts Alan Shepard and Neil Armstrong were 5'11" and 5'9" respectively. This is another reason to bring in the ladies (see below), as they started to run short on men small enough to fit.
25th Aug '17 6:36:33 PM nombretomado
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** The Nagant remained in active use by the Soviet Union by guards and rear area troops for the entirety of its history. It is still given to marksman and snipers in limited numbers by the [[TheNewRussia Russian Federation.]] It is very unlikely that this gun will be truly retired anytime soon

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** The Nagant remained in active use by the Soviet Union by guards and rear area troops for the entirety of its history. It is still given to marksman and snipers in limited numbers by the [[TheNewRussia [[UsefulNotes/TheNewRussia Russian Federation.]] It is very unlikely that this gun will be truly retired anytime soon
23rd Aug '17 9:40:17 AM GrammarNavi
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* T-72: The main tank up from the 1970s up to the collapse of the SovietUnion in their western military districts. The poor performance of export versions against tanks of the M1 Abrams generation has damaged its reputation, but Iraq proved its superiority over a comparable force of exported M60 Pattons in the Iran-Iraq War.

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* T-72: The main tank up from the 1970s up to the collapse of the SovietUnion [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]] in their western military districts. The poor performance of export versions against tanks of the M1 Abrams generation has damaged its reputation, but Iraq proved its superiority over a comparable force of exported M60 Pattons in the Iran-Iraq War.
14th Jul '17 9:52:42 AM TabooViper
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Broadly, the Soviets focused on fighting simple and fighting smart - using simple and easy to maintain weapons, focusing on logistics, planning, and leadership. The Soviets would work out the broad strokes of campaigns months and years in advance, giving them solid guidelines for further planning or even improvisation right off the bat. While the use of Deception was practically a mandatory requirement of all planning, they still tended towards ([[BoringButPractical simplicity in order to minimise the number of things that could go wrong]].

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Broadly, the Soviets focused on fighting simple and fighting smart - using simple and easy to maintain weapons, focusing on logistics, planning, and leadership. The Soviets would work out the broad strokes of campaigns months and years in advance, giving them solid guidelines for further planning or even improvisation right off the bat. While the use of Deception was practically a mandatory requirement of all planning, they still tended towards ([[BoringButPractical [[BoringButPractical simplicity in order to minimise the number of things that could go wrong]].
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