History UsefulNotes / PrehistoricLife

26th Nov '16 1:14:06 PM ElSquibbonator
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# '''''-long''''': Simplified Chinese for ''dragon''. The most recent stock suffix. Dinosaurs found in China since the 2000s have usually been named with this ending. Examples include ''Guanlong'' ("crested dragon"), ''Bolong'' ("small dragon"), ''Dilong'' ("emperor dragon") and ''Tianyulong'' ("Tianyu dragon").

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# '''''-long''''': Simplified Chinese for ''dragon''.''[[DinosaursAreDragons dragon]]''. The most recent stock suffix. Dinosaurs found in China since the 2000s have usually been named with this ending. Examples include ''Guanlong'' ("crested dragon"), ''Bolong'' ("small dragon"), ''Dilong'' ("emperor dragon") and ''Tianyulong'' ("Tianyu dragon").
26th Nov '16 1:12:36 PM ElSquibbonator
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# '''''eo-''''': Greek for "dawn": indicates primitive animals within a group: Ex. ''Eoraptor'' ("dawn plunderer"), ''Eoceratops'' ("dawn horned face"), ''Eohippus'' ("dawn horse"), ''Eocarcharia'' ("dawn shark").

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# '''''eo-''''': Greek for "dawn": indicates primitive animals species within a group: Ex. ''Eoraptor'' ("dawn plunderer"), ''Eoceratops'' ("dawn horned face"), ''Eohippus'' ("dawn horse"), ''Eocarcharia'' ("dawn shark").



# '''''dino-/deino-''''': Greek for "terrible" (but also "ponderous", "magnificent"; "fearfully great" was the original intention). Ex. ''Deinosuchus'' ("terrible crocodile"), ''Dinofelis'' ("terrible cat").

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# '''''dino-/deino-''''': Greek for "terrible" (but also "ponderous", "magnificent"; "fearfully great" or "awe-inspiring" was the original intention). Ex. ''Deinosuchus'' ("terrible crocodile"), ''Dinofelis'' ("terrible cat").



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1st Jan '16 4:45:11 PM FurryKef
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# '''''-raptor''''': Greek for "thief", "plunderer" or "robber": since the ''Film/JurassicPark'' success identifies mainly dromaeosaurids (ex. ''Pyroraptor'', ''Bambiraptor''), but many other theropod dinosaurs have this as well. Ex. ''Oviraptor'', ''Megaraptor'', and ''Fukuiraptor''. Accipitrids and Falconids are commonly called ''raptors'', but there is yet to be a genus in this group that has this ending to its specific name.

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# '''''-raptor''''': Greek Latin for "thief", "plunderer" or "robber": since the ''Film/JurassicPark'' success identifies mainly dromaeosaurids (ex. ''Pyroraptor'', ''Bambiraptor''), but many other theropod dinosaurs have this as well. Ex. ''Oviraptor'', ''Megaraptor'', and ''Fukuiraptor''. Accipitrids and Falconids are commonly called ''raptors'', but there is yet to be a genus in this group that has this ending to its specific name.
1st Jan '16 4:43:38 PM FurryKef
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# '''''-raptor''''': Greek for "thief", "plunderer" or "robber": since the ''Film/JurassicPark'' success identifies mainly dromaeosaurids (ex. ''Pyroraptor'', ''Bambiraptor''), but many other theropod dinosaurs have this as well. Ex. ''Oviraptor'', ''Megaraptor'', and ''Fukuiraptor''. Accipitrids and Falconids are commonly called ''raptors'', but there is yet to be a genus in this group that has this ending to it's specific name.

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# '''''-raptor''''': Greek for "thief", "plunderer" or "robber": since the ''Film/JurassicPark'' success identifies mainly dromaeosaurids (ex. ''Pyroraptor'', ''Bambiraptor''), but many other theropod dinosaurs have this as well. Ex. ''Oviraptor'', ''Megaraptor'', and ''Fukuiraptor''. Accipitrids and Falconids are commonly called ''raptors'', but there is yet to be a genus in this group that has this ending to it's its specific name.



# '''''-felis''''': Greek for "cat", this is applied to extinct felids quite a bit of the time. Example: ''Dinofelis''. '''''-smilus''''' (meaning "knife") can indicate sabre-tooths or pseudo-sabretooths. Ex. ''Eusmilus'', ''Thylacosmilus''.

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# '''''-felis''''': Greek Latin for "cat", this is applied to extinct felids quite a bit of the time. Example: ''Dinofelis''. '''''-smilus''''' (meaning "knife") can indicate sabre-tooths or pseudo-sabretooths. Ex. ''Eusmilus'', ''Thylacosmilus''.
11th Nov '15 2:41:25 PM MrMediaGuy2
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'''Important:''' This page only talks about non-stock animals: that is, creatures that may appear in popular-science works but have never been portrayed in film/comics/novels, or at least have been portrayed only occasionally. The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dinosaurs vast majority of dinosaurs]] are in this category; and yet, they are as cool as their famous relatives. If you want to see thing about the most popular dinos and non-dinos, there is already some information [[StockDinosaurs here]].

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'''Important:''' This page only talks about non-stock animals: that is, creatures that may appear in popular-science works but have never been portrayed in film/comics/novels, or at least have been portrayed only occasionally. The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dinosaurs vast majority of dinosaurs]] are in this category; and yet, they are as cool as their famous relatives. If you want to see thing about the most popular dinos and non-dinos, there is already some information [[StockDinosaurs [[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursTrueDinosaurs here]] and [[UsefulNotes/StockDinosaursNonDinosaurs here]].
6th Feb '15 8:31:54 AM Ultradester306
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# '''''-ceratops''''': Greek for "horned face": identifies horned dinosaurs. Ex. ''Pentaceratops'', ''Protoceratops''. Most famous dinosaur with this ending is, of course, ''Triceratops''.

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# '''''-ceratops''''': Greek for "horned face": identifies horned dinosaurs.face". Ex. ''Pentaceratops'', ''Protoceratops''. Most famous dinosaur with this ending is, of course, ''Triceratops''.



# '''''-titan''''': often attributed to giant sauropods. Ex. ''Giraffatitan'' and ''Paralititan''. But also some hadrosaurs: ''Olorotitan'', "Anatotitan".
# '''''-pelta''''': (meaning "armor"): very common in ankylosaurian names. Ex. ''Sauropelta''. Many ankylosaurians have their name ending in -a: ex. ''Tarchia'', ''Gastonia''.
# '''''-cephale''''' (greek for "head"): "cephale" is typical of pachycephalosaurians, Ex. ''Homalocephale'', ''Prenocephale''.

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# '''''-titan''''': often attributed to giant sauropods. Ex. sauropods like ''Giraffatitan'' and ''Paralititan''. But also Also applied some hadrosaurs: ''Olorotitan'', "Anatotitan".
hadrosaurs, like ''Olorotitan'' and some theropods, such as ''Tyrannotitan''.
# '''''-pelta''''': (meaning "armor"): very common in ankylosaurian names. Ex. ''Sauropelta''. Many ankylosaurians have their name ending in -a: ex. ''Tarchia'', ''Gastonia''.
''Sauropelta''.
# '''''-cephale''''' (greek for "head"): "cephale" is typical of pachycephalosaurians, Ex. ''Homalocephale'', ''Prenocephale''.



# '''''-suchus''''': Greek for "crocodile": in paleontology identifies crocodilians, crocodile-looking reptiles or crocodile-looking amphibians. Ex: ''Deinosuchus'', ''Titanosuchus'' and ''Koolasuchus''. Also meaning "crocodile" is '''''champsus/a''''': ex. ''Pristichampsus'', ''Proterochampsa''. ''Champsosaurus'' means "the croc-lizard".

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# '''''-suchus''''': Greek for "crocodile": in paleontology identifies crocodilians, crocodile-looking reptiles or crocodile-looking amphibians. Ex: ''Deinosuchus'', ''Titanosuchus'' and ''Koolasuchus''. Also meaning "crocodile" is '''''champsus/a''''': ex. ''Pristichampsus'', ''Proterochampsa''. ''Champsosaurus'' means "the croc-lizard"."crocodile lizard".



# '''''-ichthys''''': Greek for "fish": indicates many [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin fish]] aka non-tetrapod vertebrates. Ex. ''Leedsichthys'', ''Saurichthys''. While ''Ichthyosaurus'' means "fish-lizard".

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# '''''-ichthys''''': Greek for "fish": indicates many [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin fish]] aka non-tetrapod vertebrates. Ex. ''Leedsichthys'', ''Saurichthys''. While ''Ichthyosaurus'' means "fish-lizard".and ''Icthyovenator'' are non-piscine examples.



# '''''-tyrannus''''': Greek for "tyrant". Examples include ''Tyrannosaurus rex'' ("king tyrant lizard"), ''Yutyrannus'' ("feathered tyrant")


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# '''''-tyrannus''''': Greek for "tyrant". Examples include ''Tyrannosaurus rex'' ("king tyrant lizard"), ''Sinotyrannus'' ("Chinese tyrant") and ''Yutyrannus'' ("feathered tyrant")

tyrant").




# '''''-oides''''': Greek for "similar to", "false": Ex. Tyrannosauroidea ("similar to ''Tyrannosaurus''), Dromaeosauroidea ("similar to ''Dromaeosaurus''").

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# '''''-oides''''': Greek for "similar to", "false": "false". Ex. Tyrannosauroidea ("similar to ''Tyrannosaurus''), Dromaeosauroidea ("similar to ''Dromaeosaurus''").''Dromaeosauroides'', ''Sinornithoides''.



# '''''eo-''''': Greek for "dawn": indicates primitive animals within a group: Ex. ''Eoraptor lunensis'' ("dawn plunderer of the moon"), ''Eoceratops'' ("dawn horned face"), ''Eohippus'' ("dawn horse"), ''Eocarcharia dinops'' ("terrible-faced dawn shark").

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# '''''eo-''''': Greek for "dawn": indicates primitive animals within a group: Ex. ''Eoraptor lunensis'' ''Eoraptor'' ("dawn plunderer of the moon"), plunderer"), ''Eoceratops'' ("dawn horned face"), ''Eohippus'' ("dawn horse"), ''Eocarcharia dinops'' ("terrible-faced dawn ''Eocarcharia'' ("dawn shark").



# '''''pro-''''': Greek for "before": Ex. ''Procompsognathus'' ("before ''Compsognathus''"), ''Proceratosaurus'' ("before ''Ceratosaurus''")

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# '''''pro-''''': Greek for "before": Ex. ''Procompsognathus'' ("before ''Compsognathus''"), ''Proceratosaurus'' ("before ''Ceratosaurus''")''Ceratosaurus''") and ''Promastodonsaurus'' ("before ''Mastodonsaurus''")



# '''''drom-''''': Greek for "running", "runner": Ex. ''Dromaeosaurus'' ("running lizard", ''Orodromeus'' ("mountain runner"), ''Dromaeosauroides'' ("running lizard-form").
# '''''megalo-''''', '''''titano-''''', and '''''giganto-'''''/'''''giganoto-''''': Greek for "big", "titanic", and "gigantic": Ex. ''Megalosaurus'' ("big lizard"), ''Megaloceros'' ("big horn"), ''Wintonotitan'' ("Winton titan"), ''Titanoboa'' ("titanic boa", ''Gigantophis'' ("gigantic snake"), ''Gigantopithecus'' ("gigantic ape"), ''Giganotosaurus'' ("gigantic lizard"), "Megalodon," ("enormous teeth")

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# '''''drom-''''': Greek for "running", "runner": Ex. ''Dromaeosaurus'' ("running lizard", ''Orodromeus'' ("mountain runner"), ''Dromaeosauroides'' ("running lizard-form").
runner") and ''Kulindadromeus'' ("runner of Kulinda").
# '''''megalo-''''', '''''titano-''''', and '''''giganto-'''''/'''''giganoto-''''': Greek for "big", "titanic", and "gigantic": Ex. ''Megalosaurus'' ("big lizard"), ''Megaloceros'' ("big horn"), ''Wintonotitan'' ("Winton titan"), ''Titanoboa'' ("titanic boa", boa"), ''Gigantophis'' ("gigantic snake"), ''Gigantopithecus'' ("gigantic ape"), ''Giganotosaurus'' ("gigantic lizard"), "Megalodon," ("enormous teeth")teeth").



# '''''sino-''''': Greek for "Chinese": Ex. ''Sinornithosaurus'' ("Chinese bird-lizard"), ''Sinosaurus'' ("Chinese lizard"), ''Sinraptor'' ("Chinese plunderer").
# '''''syn-''''': Greek for "fused", "united": Ex. ''Syntarsus'' ("fused ankle"), ''Synthetoceras'' ("fused horn").

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# '''''sino-''''': Greek for "Chinese": Ex. ''Sinornithosaurus'' ("Chinese bird-lizard"), ''Sinosaurus'' ("Chinese lizard"), ''Sinraptor'' ("Chinese plunderer").
plunderer"), ''Sinornithoides'' ("Chinese bird-form")
# '''''syn-''''': Greek for "fused", "united": Ex. ''Syntarsus'' ("fused ankle"), , ''Synthetoceras'' ("fused horn").



# '''''bronto-''''': Greek for "thunder". Ex. ''Brontotherium'', ''Brontops''. After the popularity of "Brontosaurus" ("thunder lizard"), the prefix has been applied to some other, particularly big extinct critters: ex. ''Brontoscorpio'' could be read as "the brontosaur scorpion".

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# '''''bronto-''''': Greek for "thunder". Ex. ''Brontotherium'', ''Brontops''. After the popularity of "Brontosaurus" ("thunder lizard"), the prefix has been applied to some other, particularly big extinct critters: ex. ''Brontoscorpio'' could be read as "the brontosaur scorpion".''Brontops'', ''Brontoscorpio''
25th Jan '15 8:43:43 PM Bk-notburgerking
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# '''Cambrian period''': The "Explosion of Life". Most of the main invertebrate groups appeared then, as well as the first vertebrate ancestors. Life was still water-exclusive. Probably. Graptolites, cephalopods, and chitons emerge during this period.

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# '''Cambrian period''': The "Explosion of Life". Most of the main invertebrate groups appeared then, as well as the first vertebrate ancestors. Life was still water-exclusive. Probably. Graptolites, cephalopods, and chitons emerge during this period. The first predators appear and cause evolution to speed up drastically, resulting in the Cambrian Explosion.



# '''Quaternary period''': consists of Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. Started 2.59 million years ago. Several Ice Ages alternated with Interglacials. All modern kinds of plants and animals were already present, but also many now-extinct species. True humans evolved and started to develop our modern traits. The age in which we are living today (specifically the Holocene Epoch) is included in this time period. The only surviving human species, ''Homo sapiens sapiens'', has become a prime environmental factor worldwide.

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# '''Quaternary period''': consists of Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. Started 2.59 million years ago. Several Ice Ages alternated with Interglacials. All modern kinds of plants and animals were already present, but also many now-extinct species, many killed off by our own species. True humans evolved and started to develop our modern traits. The age in which we are living today (specifically the Holocene Epoch) is included in this time period. The only surviving human species, ''Homo sapiens sapiens'', has become a prime environmental factor worldwide.
19th Dec '14 6:13:14 AM Thesedaysthosedays
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# '''''megalo-''''', '''''titano-''''', and '''''giganto-'''''/'''''giganoto-''''': Greek for "big", "titanic", and "gigantic": Ex. ''Megalosaurus'' ("big lizard"), ''Megaloceros'' ("big horn"), ''Wintonotitan'' ("Winton titan"), ''Titanoboa'' ("titanic boa", ''Gigantophis'' ("gigantic snake"), ''Gigantopithecus'' ("gigantic ape"), ''Giganotosaurus'' ("gigantic lizard")

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# '''''megalo-''''', '''''titano-''''', and '''''giganto-'''''/'''''giganoto-''''': Greek for "big", "titanic", and "gigantic": Ex. ''Megalosaurus'' ("big lizard"), ''Megaloceros'' ("big horn"), ''Wintonotitan'' ("Winton titan"), ''Titanoboa'' ("titanic boa", ''Gigantophis'' ("gigantic snake"), ''Gigantopithecus'' ("gigantic ape"), ''Giganotosaurus'' ("gigantic lizard")lizard"), "Megalodon," ("enormous teeth")
19th Dec '14 6:11:26 AM Thesedaysthosedays
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# '''''-odon/odonto''''': Greek for "tooth", animals with notable teeth (or known mainly by their teeth) can get names ending with this or simply having it in their name upon description. Ex. ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Carcharodontosaurus'' ("different-toothed lizard" and "shark-toothed lizard", respectively.) Mammalian example is ''Smilodon'' (carving knife tooth). Other examples: ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'', ''Troodon'', ''Dimetrodon'', ''Dimorphodon'', and ''Glyptodon''. A deceptive case is ''Pteranodon'', which actually means "winged with ''no'' teeth. Less-frequent is the variant '''''-odus''''', with the same meaning. Ex. ''Placodus'', ''Hybodus'', ''Phenacodus''.

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# '''''-odon/odonto''''': Greek for "tooth", animals with notable teeth (or known mainly by their teeth) can get names ending with this or simply having it in their name upon description. Ex. ''Heterodontosaurus'' and ''Carcharodontosaurus'' ("different-toothed lizard" and "shark-toothed lizard", respectively.) Mammalian example is ''Smilodon'' (carving knife tooth). Other examples: ''Iguanodon'', ''Hypsilophodon'', ''Troodon'', ''Dimetrodon'', ''Dimorphodon'', ''Megalodon'', and ''Glyptodon''. A deceptive case is ''Pteranodon'', which actually means "winged with ''no'' teeth. Less-frequent is the variant '''''-odus''''', with the same meaning. Ex. ''Placodus'', ''Hybodus'', ''Phenacodus''.
2nd Oct '14 7:26:48 AM laplaneteetlesoleil
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# '''''gorgo-''''' and '''''terato-''''': ''gorgo-'' is "fierce" (or can refer to the Gorgon of mythology) in Greek, whilst "terato-" is "monstrous".
ex. ''Gorgosaurus'' ("fierce lizard"), ''Gorgonops'' ("Gorgon face"/"Gorgon eye"), ''Teratosaurus'' ("monstrous lizard"), ''Teratornis'' ("monstrous bird")

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# '''''gorgo-''''' and '''''terato-''''': ''gorgo-'' is "fierce" (or can refer to the Gorgon of mythology) in Greek, whilst "terato-" is "monstrous".
"monstrous". ex. ''Gorgosaurus'' ("fierce lizard"), ''Gorgonops'' ("Gorgon face"/"Gorgon eye"), ''Teratosaurus'' ("monstrous lizard"), ''Teratornis'' ("monstrous bird")
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