History UsefulNotes / PoliticiansAndPartiesOfGermany

12th May '16 3:01:36 AM wusch
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* Die Linke (The Left, Red - or pink, since red is already assigned to the SPD). The old Socialist Unity Party (SED) that ran EastGermany lost most of its old members and renamed itself to PDS. When it eventually merged with the [[StartMyOwn WASG, a small western party consisting mostly of former SPD-members]], it got more popular. They do much better in the former GDR states, although they did very well in the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saarland_state_election,_2009 2009 state elections]] in the traditionally-CDU Saarland, becoming the third-largest party in the ''Landtag''.

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* Die Linke (The Left, Red - or pink, since red is already assigned to the SPD). The old Socialist Unity Party (SED) that ran EastGermany lost most of its old members and renamed itself to PDS. When it eventually merged with the [[StartMyOwn WASG, a small western party consisting mostly of former SPD-members]], it got more popular. They do much better in the former GDR states, although they did very well in the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saarland_state_election,_2009 2009 state elections]] in the traditionally-CDU Saarland, becoming the third-largest party in the ''Landtag''. As of 2016 they are the leading Partner in a Left-SPD-Green coalition wich rules Thuringia.
12th May '16 3:00:05 AM wusch
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* Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Alliance 90/The Greens, colour obvious)- A combination of the old West German Green Party and a collection of GDR civil rights activists, it is the most successful such party in the world. Partnered with the SPD in the Schröder era, the German involvement in the 1999 war against Yugoslavia led to some resignations from the party. The most famous Green politician is former Foreign Minister Joseph Martin "Joschka" Fischer, a former Marxist who was witnessed throwing a brick at a policeman during a riot when he was younger, was sworn in as the Hesse Minister of the Environment wearing sneakers (currently at a museum), and famously told the Vice-President of the ''Bundestag'', "''Mit Verlaub, Herr Präsident, Sie sind ein Arschloch''" ("[[SophisticatedAsHell With respect, Mr. President, you are an asshole]]"). (He remains one of the most popular and respected politicians in Germany, across party lines.) In 2011, the Greens "won" [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baden-W%C3%BCrttemberg_state_election,_2011 an election for the first time in traditionally-CDU Baden-Württemberg]]; although they were only the second-largest party in the ''Landtag'' after the election (up from third), they were also the only party to gain seats and will be providing the next Minister-President.
As of 2016 The Greens are now the largest Party in the ''Landtag'' and formed a coalition with the CDU as the SPD lost to many seats for a Green-Red coalition.

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* Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Alliance 90/The Greens, colour obvious)- A combination of the old West German Green Party and a collection of GDR civil rights activists, it is the most successful such party in the world. Partnered with the SPD in the Schröder era, the German involvement in the 1999 war against Yugoslavia led to some resignations from the party. The most famous Green politician is former Foreign Minister Joseph Martin "Joschka" Fischer, a former Marxist who was witnessed throwing a brick at a policeman during a riot when he was younger, was sworn in as the Hesse Minister of the Environment wearing sneakers (currently at a museum), and famously told the Vice-President of the ''Bundestag'', "''Mit Verlaub, Herr Präsident, Sie sind ein Arschloch''" ("[[SophisticatedAsHell With respect, Mr. President, you are an asshole]]"). (He remains one of the most popular and respected politicians in Germany, across party lines.) In 2011, the Greens "won" [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baden-W%C3%BCrttemberg_state_election,_2011 an election for the first time in traditionally-CDU Baden-Württemberg]]; although they were only the second-largest party in the ''Landtag'' after the election (up from third), they were also the only party to gain seats and will be providing the next Minister-President.
Minister-President. As of 2016 The Greens are now the largest Party in the ''Landtag'' and formed a coalition with the CDU as the SPD lost to many seats for a Green-Red coalition.
12th May '16 2:57:42 AM wusch
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Added DiffLines:

As of 2016 The Greens are now the largest Party in the ''Landtag'' and formed a coalition with the CDU as the SPD lost to many seats for a Green-Red coalition.
3rd May '16 6:58:18 AM NuclearSheep
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* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical party created in early 2013, run by Frauke Petry. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament. They managed to enter three ''Landtage'' in 2016 and became the second-largest party in Saxony-Anhalt.

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* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical eurosceptical/anti-Islam party created in early 2013, run by Frauke Petry. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament. They managed to enter three ''Landtage'' in 2016 and became the second-largest party in Saxony-Anhalt.
21st Apr '16 5:11:57 PM Jhonny
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The 2013 election in some ways was a reversal of 2009. Both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the Greens, the Left, and the FPD. Indeed, the CDU were only 5 seats short of an absolute majority. Their traditional coalition partners, the FDP, did not even clear the 5% threshold needed to get seats and thus received no seats in the Federal Parliament. Although the SPD gained 47 seats, their likely coalition partner, the Greens, lost seats so a Red/Green coalition wouldn't have enough seats. As of December 2013 coalition negotiations are still ongoing, but it's likely there will be another CDU/SPD grand coalition with Merkel as Chancellor.

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The 2013 election in some ways was a reversal of 2009. Both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the Greens, the Left, and the FPD. Indeed, the CDU were only 5 seats short of an absolute majority. Their traditional coalition partners, the FDP, did not even clear the 5% threshold needed to get seats and thus received no seats in the Federal Parliament. Although the SPD gained 47 seats, their likely coalition partner, the Greens, lost seats so a Red/Green coalition wouldn't have enough seats. As of December 2013 Lengthy coalition negotiations are still ongoing, but it's likely there will be another CDU/SPD (complicated by a brief flirtation with a CDU/CSU - Green coalition on both sides) ultimately resulted in a grand coalition with Merkel as Chancellor.chancellor.
13th Mar '16 10:35:11 AM NuclearSheep
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* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical party created in early 2013, run by Frauke Petry. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament.

to:

* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical party created in early 2013, run by Frauke Petry. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament. They managed to enter three ''Landtage'' in 2016 and became the second-largest party in Saxony-Anhalt.
12th Mar '16 1:09:15 AM NuclearSheep
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* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical party created in early 2013, run by Bernd Lucke. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament.

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* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical party created in early 2013, run by Bernd Lucke.Frauke Petry. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament.
13th Oct '14 1:51:23 PM zmv
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* FDP- (Freie Demokratische Partei-Free Democratic Party- yellow), a liberal party (folks from the USA and Canada should read that as "libertarian") and coalition partners to the CDU/CSU. Occasionally, also to the SPD. In some lands even including the Greens.
** Did not make it into the Bundestag in the 2013 elections.



** Was hit quite hard by scandals involving Jürgen Trittin during the 2013 elections and are now the smallest party in the Bundestag.



* FDP (Freie Demokratische Partei-Free Democratic Party- yellow), a liberal party (folks from the USA and Canada should read that as "libertarian") and coalition partners to the CDU/CSU. Occasionally, also to the SPD. In some lands even including the Greens.
** Did not make it into the Bundestag in the 2013 elections for the first time in its history.
* AfD (Alternative für Deutschland - Alternative for Germany - blue), an eurosceptical party created in early 2013, run by Bernd Lucke. Infamous for harboring some lunatics and is often considered by the German media as right of the Union. It is often pointed as the reason the FDP is no longer in parliament.
** Did not make it into the Bundestag in the 2013 elections, with comparable results to the FDP.
* Piraten (Piratenpartei - Pirate Party - orange), a pirate party. They have been stuck at 2% in elections after much hype between the 2009 and 2013 elections. Unfortunately, [[HoistByHisOwnPetard the very transparent nature of the party]] led to very publicized internal fights [[HypeBacklash which shook their image in Germany.]]
** Did not make it into the Bundestag in the 2013 elections.
* NPD (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands - German National Democratic Party - black, red and yellow) is a far-right party, and is considered to be the most significant post-war neo-Nazi organization. They are particularly strong in the East, often entering state parliaments. After what looked like a small resurgence in the 2009 elections, they were deserted in the 2013. It is postulated in the media that they lost a large amount of votes to the Alternative.
** Did not make it into the Bundestag in the 2013 elections.



The Piratenpartei (Pirate Party, orange colour) got 2% in the recent federal election and is the biggest party not in the parliament - it's not yet clear whether they'll stay around for longer. It got in the recent election of Berlin's state diet 9% which makes it the first state diet they can enter.
13th Oct '14 1:34:38 PM zmv
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* SPD (Red): Social-Democrat party. Once a real left party, they gradually scrapped the Socialist ideas (as did Labour in Britain under Tony Blair). Three chancellors were in the SPD so far: Willy Brandt (made the famous Ostverträge - treaties with the East and also commissioned the Brandt Report on the North-South divide), Helmut Schmidt, and Gerhard Schröder (cigar-smoking "Genosse der Bosse" - "comrade of the bosses"). Currently the main opposition.

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** Is currently leading the government in a coalition with SPD.
* SPD (Red): Social-Democrat party. Once a real left party, they gradually scrapped the Socialist ideas (as did Labour in Britain under Tony Blair). Three chancellors were in the SPD so far: Willy Brandt (made the famous Ostverträge - treaties with the East and also commissioned the Brandt Report on the North-South divide), Helmut Schmidt, and Gerhard Schröder (cigar-smoking "Genosse der Bosse" - "comrade of the bosses"). Currently bosses").
** Is currently in a coalition with
the main opposition.Union.



** Did not make it into the Bundestag in the 2013 elections.




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** Largest opposition party at the moment, with a couple more seats than the Greens.
8th Dec '13 7:10:31 AM htilden42
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Added DiffLines:

The 2013 election in some ways was a reversal of 2009. Both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the Greens, the Left, and the FPD. Indeed, the CDU were only 5 seats short of an absolute majority. Their traditional coalition partners, the FDP, did not even clear the 5% threshold needed to get seats and thus received no seats in the Federal Parliament. Although the SPD gained 47 seats, their likely coalition partner, the Greens, lost seats so a Red/Green coalition wouldn't have enough seats. As of December 2013 coalition negotiations are still ongoing, but it's likely there will be another CDU/SPD grand coalition with Merkel as Chancellor.
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