History UsefulNotes / Plagiarism

21st Sep '17 12:37:22 AM PaulA
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-->''Plagiarize''\\

to:

-->''Plagiarize''\\->''Plagiarize''\\



-->-- '''Music/TomLehrer, "Lobachevsky"'''

to:

-->-- '''Music/TomLehrer, "Lobachevsky"'''
"Lobachevsky", ''Music/SongsByTomLehrer''
4th Jun '17 10:21:23 AM nombretomado
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Here on TVTropes, we are (kind of) a creative endeavor, and so there is work you can do as a Troper to avoid accusations of plagiarism yourself. That said, we're not exactly making a literary work here; many of our requirements are for academic reasons or to avoid copyright infringement.

to:

Here on TVTropes, Wiki/TVTropes, we are (kind of) a creative endeavor, and so there is work you can do as a Troper to avoid accusations of plagiarism yourself. That said, we're not exactly making a literary work here; many of our requirements are for academic reasons or to avoid copyright infringement.
26th Apr '17 8:31:33 AM GoldenSeals
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->''Plagiarize,''
->''Let no one else's work evade your eyes,''
->''Remember why the good Lord made your eyes,''
->''So don't shade your eyes,''
->''But plagiarize, plagiarize, plagiarize -''
->''Only be sure always to call it please 'research'.''

to:

->''Plagiarize,''
->''Let
-->''Plagiarize''\\
''Let
no one else's work evade your eyes,''
->''Remember
eyes''\\
''Remember
why the good Lord made your eyes,''
->''So
eyes''\\
''So
don't shade your eyes,''
->''But
eyes''\\
''But
plagiarize, plagiarize, plagiarize -''
->''Only
--''\\
''Only
be sure always to call it please 'research'."research".''



Plagiarism is essentially taking the work of others and attempting to pass it off as one's own. In academia, it is generally defined as putting forth ideas cribbed from other places and claiming that the writer came up with them -- in other words, discussing facts and theories without proper citation. This can get dicey if the author of a paper or essay happened to come to the same conclusion as a previous writer independently. It can also lead to 'Plagiarism Paranoia', when a student panics over whether they've cited it enough or not. However, around here, we're more concerned with literary plagiarism. For plagiarism used as a plot point, see PlagiarismInFiction.

When it comes to works of fiction, the term ''plagiarism'' tends to be misused quite a bit; indeed, most of what is referred to as 'blatant plagiarism' is actually far less blatant than actual plagiarism. If two stories happen to have [[{{Trope}} similar elements]], it does not mean that one plagiarised the other. All stories are influenced by what has come before and what the author has experienced; the most likely case is that one story inspired at least part of the other, or that [[OlderThanTheyThink both are inspired by an even older common source]].

Literary plagiarism can involve the use of events and characters from a work of fiction, or the wholesale copying of another author's text. To be plagiarized, the text, characters or ideas must be used without crediting the original author for their work.

Note that plagiarism does not necessarily involve copyright infringement, or vice versa. A writer can plagiarize a work that is no longer under copyright or was never copyrighted. If writer Joe Smith publishes a play he copied from a Creator/WilliamShakespeare anthology, Smith is still plagiarizing even though Shakespeare's work is in the public domain. Copyright infringement occurs when Joe Smith uses someone else's copyrighted work without their permission, even if Joe Smith is [[IDoNotOwn upfront about the fact that he is not the author]].

Almost all FanFiction involves copyright infringement, though most authors turn a blind eye to it as long as it isn't earning the fanfic writer any money (fanfic is of course not copyright infringement if the characters and events are all in the public domain).

On the other hand, a story about a farmboy who rescues a princess and destroys the BigBad's DoomsdayDevice is not necessarily plagiarism; if it's different enough from ''Franchise/StarWars'', all you can say is that they both make use of some of the same {{trope}}s (and, indeed, Creator/GeorgeLucas [[GenreThrowback cribbed from quite a few older sources]]).

To confuse matters, there are a few cases where copying directly from the work of others is acceptable -- namely, {{homage}}s, {{shout out}}s, remakes/retellings, and [[TheParody parodies]].

A ShoutOut is probably the least controversial. In most cases, a shout out only lasts a second or so, and it is clear from the context that the person who wrote it did so mainly to acknowledge the influence or awesomeness of one who came before.

A {{homage}} is more difficult to defend. In general, a homage will use imagery and ideas from the original material but with sufficient differences that one can easily tell that the new work is influenced by what has gone before.

For example, the fifth in Creator/StephenKing's ''Franchise/TheDarkTower'' series sees the heroes defending a town against raiders who attack every so often, in a plot which was acknowledged [[LampshadeHanging in the series itself]] as being inspired by both ''The Seven Samurai'' and ''The Magnificent Seven''. However, the characters were original, and the setting and raiders were largely the product of King's own imagination (albeit containing numerous {{shout out}}s).

A "remake" or "retelling" is doing the original work over again with some relatively minor changes, while openly admitting that it's heavily derived from the original. A famous example of a retelling is John Sturges' film ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''Film/SevenSamurai''. The only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. Why is this not plagiarism? Because Sturges had two things going for him: Kurosawa knew what he was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''Film/SevenSamurai'' to the Old West. He never claimed that it was a purely original work.

Contrast this with Creator/SergioLeone's ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'', which is a frame for frame remake of Kurosawa's ''Film/{{Yojimbo}}'', but set in Spain pretending to be Texas. When Kurosawa saw the film, he wrote to Leone "It is a very fine film, but it is my film." He sued and won, because Leone didn't have permission, didn't give credit, and didn't pay.

Finally, [[SatireParodyPastiche a parody]] is the hardest thing to guard against accusations of plagiarism, because parodies tend deliberately imitate the thing they're making fun of in order to get jokes. In many cases, particularly on the Internet, accusations of plagiarism are avoided simply by sticking a note saying something along the lines of "This is a parody. [work being parodied] is the intellectual property of [copyright holder]" at the top of the story or sidebar of the Website/YouTube video. This is used by ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' and its [[FollowTheLeader imitators]]. The doctrine that is invoked to protect parodies (and other forms of copying) is called FairUse.

If a book parodies another work of fiction, there is generally an introduction in which the author clearly states that this is a parody, and explains why they are making fun of the original work. This approach is used in ''Literature/BoredOfTheRings'', a parody of ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', among others.

Parodies in TV and movies often eschew both of these in favour of simply changing the plot just enough so that it technically counts as an independent work. In other cases, the work is blatantly a parody of something else, and the authors generally argue that parodies are protected under the FairUse doctrine.

Plagiarism in ''music'' is a far more tricky issue, because there are plenty of similarly-sounding songs and [[FollowTheLeader acts that look like or sound like others]].

Generally in music, ShoutOut is ''welcome'' and almost never seen as plagiarism (especially if the artist ends up collaborating with or is doing an obvious tribute to the artist; and a CoverVersion is ''almost always'' treated as a ShoutOut as long as it's properly introduced/labeled as a cover ''and'' the covering artist either has the rights to it or isn't doing it to make money.

The musical version of a homage is something like an artist choosing to be an {{expy}} of another artist's appearance or style, but making no claims to have ''originated'' that appearance or style or technique. It's generally also not considered plagiarism, unless it is an ''exact'' copy to the degree of being an impersonator ''and'' with a claim of originality.

Parody in music covers impersonators and cover artists and the like, as well as some of the two categories mentioned below - remix and sampling. As satire or parody in the form of a musical act is often more obviously so on the face, it's rarely considered plagiarism ''unless'' it is impossible to tell what is being parodied.

Sampling (or replaying a riff or section but not an entire cover) directly is a gray area - generally, it's not considered plagiarism if it only makes up one portion of the song ''and'' permission has been sought and given, and/or the sample is public domain or from a public broadcast or the like.

[[RearrangeTheSong Remixing]] ''can'' be considered plagiarism, especially if it's done poorly enough (so the original song isn't changed in any appreciable way), or if it is done without permission and for financial benefit as opposed to being a ShoutOut or tribute. However, most remixes done with permission ''and'' that substantially change the song (at least by switching out one instrument, changing the rhythm or meter or time, looping the end at the middle, etc... the more changes the better, usually) are considered as derivative but not plagiarism.

''True'' actionable musical plagiarism generally consists of not crediting samples or remixes, ''entirely'' mimicking someone else without any of the defenses above (impersonation, homage, ShoutOut, parody), lifting musical passages or lyrics note for note without permission or credit and claiming them to be one's own (e.g. if you claim the guitar solo in [[Music/VanHalen ''Eruption'']] is your own creation, or that you personally wrote [[Music/JohnLennon ''Imagine'']]), or naming your band or act exactly as another is named (even unintentionally - this is what got both Music/XJapan and Music/{{Versailles}} sued and forced to change names, as there was an existing American band called X and a French artist called Versailles).
----
'''Do not link to this page whenever you deem something as plagiarism. This page is meant to explain the phenomenon of plagiarism, not to be used as a way for Administrivia/ComplainingAboutShowsYouDontLike. Thanks for your attention.'''

%% Please don't add any examples.

to:

Plagiarism is essentially taking the when you take another person's work of others and attempting try to pass it off as one's your own. In academia, it is generally defined as putting forth ideas cribbed from other places and claiming that the writer came up with them definition tends to be more technical -- in other words, discussing it's when you discuss another person's facts and or theories without proper citation. This can get dicey if the author of a paper or essay happened properly citing them, which is tantamount to come to the same conclusion passing them off as a previous writer independently. It can also lead to 'Plagiarism Paranoia', when a student panics over whether they've cited it enough or not. However, around your own. Around here, though, we're more concerned with literary plagiarism. For plagiarism -- ''i.e.'', taking another person's creative work (or parts thereof) and passing it off as your own.

Literary plagiarism is often
used as a plot point, see PlagiarismInFiction.

When it comes to works of fiction,
as described in our trope on the term ''plagiarism'' tends subject, PlagiarismInFiction. However, this Useful Note will attempt to be misused quite a bit; indeed, most dispel some of the misconceptions people have about plagiarism in real life. Not all plagiarism is the same, and it's rare to encounter "blatant plagiarism", or the exact text copy-pasted from another work but passed off as one's own. There are many different, more subtle ways to plagiarize, and many more different ways to skirt that line but not cross it.

!!Every work is influenced by
what is referred to as 'blatant plagiarism' is actually far less blatant than actual plagiarism. If two stories happen to have [[{{Trope}} has come before

Literary plagiarism can involve lifted text, characters, or ideas -- the text need not be exactly the same if the story elements are so remarkably similar. But just having
similar elements]], it does not {{trope}}s as another work doesn't necessarily mean that one plagiarised the other. All plagiarism; all stories are influenced by what has come before before, and all works are to some degree inspired by what the author has experienced; the most likely case is that one story inspired at least part of the other, or that read previously. The two works may even [[OlderThanTheyThink both are be inspired by an even older common source]].

Literary plagiarism can involve the use of events and characters from a work of fiction, or the wholesale copying of another author's text. To be plagiarized, the text, characters or ideas must be used without crediting
source]]. Mere inspiration isn't enough for plagiarism; you'd have to take credit for the original author for their work.

Note that plagiarism does not necessarily involve copyright infringement, or vice versa. A writer can plagiarize a work that
''idea''.

''Franchise/StarWars''
is no longer under copyright or was never copyrighted. If writer Joe Smith publishes a play he copied from a Creator/WilliamShakespeare anthology, Smith is still plagiarizing even though Shakespeare's work is in the public domain. Copyright infringement occurs when Joe Smith uses someone else's copyrighted work without their permission, even if Joe Smith is [[IDoNotOwn upfront about the fact that he is not the author]].

Almost all FanFiction involves copyright infringement, though most authors turn a blind eye to it as long as it isn't earning the fanfic writer any money (fanfic is
good illustration of course not copyright infringement if the characters and events are all in the public domain).

On the other hand, a
this. A story about a farmboy who rescues a princess and destroys the BigBad's DoomsdayDevice is not necessarily plagiarism; if it's plagiarism ''if'' the rest of it is sufficiently different enough from ''Franchise/StarWars'', ''Star Wars''. The characters, story beats, settings, and dialogue could all serve on a unique take on the same story -- all you can could say in that respect is that they both works make use of some of the same {{trope}}s (and, {{trope}}s. And indeed, Creator/GeorgeLucas [[GenreThrowback cribbed from quite a few older sources]]).

To confuse matters, there are a few cases where copying directly from the work of others is acceptable -- namely, {{homage}}s, {{shout out}}s, remakes/retellings, and [[TheParody parodies]].

A ShoutOut is probably the least controversial. In most cases, a shout out only lasts a second or so, and it is clear from the context that the person who wrote it
did so mainly to acknowledge the influence or awesomeness of one who came before.

A {{homage}} is more difficult to defend. In general, a homage will use imagery and ideas from the original material but with sufficient differences that one can easily tell that the new work is influenced by what has gone before.

For example, the fifth in Creator/StephenKing's ''Franchise/TheDarkTower'' series sees the heroes defending a town against raiders who attack every so often, in a plot which was acknowledged [[LampshadeHanging in the series itself]] as being inspired by both ''The Seven Samurai'' and ''The Magnificent Seven''. However, the characters were original, and the setting and raiders were largely the product of King's own imagination (albeit containing numerous {{shout out}}s).

A "remake" or "retelling" is doing the original work over again with some relatively minor changes, while openly admitting that it's heavily derived from the original. A famous example of a retelling is John Sturges' film ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''Film/SevenSamurai''. The only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. Why is
exactly this not plagiarism? Because Sturges had two things going for him: Kurosawa knew what he was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''Film/SevenSamurai'' to the Old West. He never claimed that it was a purely original work.

Contrast this with Creator/SergioLeone's ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'', which is a frame for frame remake of Kurosawa's ''Film/{{Yojimbo}}'', but set
in Spain pretending to be Texas. When Kurosawa saw the film, he wrote to Leone "It is a very fine film, but it is my film." He sued and won, because Leone didn't have permission, didn't give credit, and didn't pay.

Finally, [[SatireParodyPastiche a parody]] is the hardest thing to guard against accusations of plagiarism, because parodies tend deliberately imitate the thing they're making fun of in order to get jokes. In many cases, particularly on the Internet, accusations of plagiarism are avoided simply by sticking a note saying something along the lines of "This is a parody. [work being parodied] is the intellectual property of [copyright holder]" at the top of the story or sidebar of the Website/YouTube video. This is used by ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' and its [[FollowTheLeader imitators]]. The doctrine that is invoked to protect parodies (and other forms of copying) is called FairUse.

If a book parodies another work of fiction, there is generally an introduction in which the author clearly states that this is a parody, and explains why they are making fun of the original work. This approach is used in ''Literature/BoredOfTheRings'', a parody of ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', among others.

Parodies in TV and movies often eschew both of these in favour of simply changing the plot just enough so that it technically counts as an independent work. In other cases,
creating ''Star Wars'' himself; the work is blatantly a parody of something else, GenreThrowback and the authors generally argue that parodies are protected under the FairUse doctrine.

Plagiarism in ''music'' is
borrows a far more tricky issue, because there are plenty lot of similarly-sounding songs its tropes and [[FollowTheLeader acts that look like or sound like others]].conventions from old Franchise/FlashGordon serials and Creator/AkiraKurosawa films.

Generally !!Different degrees of borrowing

In some cases, even more direct copying of another person's work is completely acceptable, as long as you acknowledge what you're doing. These result
in music, {{shout out}}s, {{homage}}s, [[TheRemake remakes]], and [[TheParody parodies]].

A
ShoutOut is ''welcome'' generally the least controversial; it's only a brief reference to another work that rarely lasts longer than a couple of seconds. A ShoutOut is not plagiarism because it's clear from the context that the person knows the reference is not his but wants to acknowledge what came before. This allows a ShoutOut to be directly lifted from the source work (the exact same line, blocking, facial expressions, scenario, ''etc.'').

An {{homage}} is more difficult to defend; in general, it will use imagery
and ideas from the original material, but with sufficient differences as to be its own work. This lets the viewer easily see that the work is influenced by what has come before. For example, the fifth installment of Creator/StephenKing's ''Franchise/TheDarkTower'' series sees the heroes defending a town from raiders who attack every so often, a WholePlotReference to both ''Film/SevenSamurai'' and ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven''. But the characters were original, the setting and the raiders were largely the product of King's own imagination (with numerous {{shout out}}s), and the series itself [[LampshadeHanging acknowledged the similarity]].

A [[TheRemake remake]] or "retelling" is more explicitly the exact same work, but done by a different person in his own way. The way to get away with this is to be open about your intentions, and to seek permission from the original author. A famous example of a retelling that works is John Sturges' ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the same plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''Film/SevenSamurai'' -- the only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. It wasn't plagiarism because Kurosawa knew what Sturges was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges never pretended it was his; he openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''Seven Samurai'' to the Old West. Compare this to Creator/SergioLeone's ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'', which is a frame-for-frame remake of Kurosawa's ''Film/{{Yojimbo}}'' but set in Texas. When Kurosawa saw the film, he wrote to Leone, "It is a very fine film, but it is my film."

Finally, a [[SatireParodyPastiche parody]] is the hardest to defend against accusations of plagiarism, because parodies tend to lift as much as they can from the source material to make fun of it. Internet parodies in particular disclaim their claim to the original work and will often point out the real rights holder in an IDoNotOwn sort of way. ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' and [[FollowTheLeader its imitators]] do this OnceAnEpisode, codifying the convention for TheAbridgedSeries, which tend to lift the clips and some dialogue directly from the source work. On TV or film, a parody generally has a sufficiently different plot and dialogue to technically count as a different work.

!!Plagiarism in music

Plagiarism in music is a far trickier issue, as there are plenty of songs and acts that look or sound similar to others.

In music, a ShoutOut is generally a welcome convention; it's
almost never seen as plagiarism (especially plagiarism, especially if the artist ends up collaborating with or is doing an obvious tribute to the artist; and what has come before. And a CoverVersion is ''almost always'' almost always treated as a ShoutOut ShoutOut, as long as it's properly introduced/labeled introduced and labeled as a cover ''and'' the covering artist either has the rights to it or isn't doing making any money off it to make money.

The musical version of a homage is something like an artist choosing to be an {{expy}} of another
without the original artist's appearance or style, but making no claims to have ''originated'' that appearance or style or technique. It's generally also not considered plagiarism, unless it is an ''exact'' copy to permission.

Sampling,
the degree of being an impersonator ''and'' with a claim of originality.

Parody in music covers impersonators and cover artists and the like, as well as some of the two categories mentioned below - remix and sampling. As satire or parody in the form of a musical act is often more obviously so on the face, it's rarely considered plagiarism ''unless'' it is impossible to tell what is being parodied.

Sampling (or
replaying of a riff or section but not an entire cover) directly cover, is a gray area - generally, it's more complicated. Generally, direct sampling is not considered plagiarism if it only makes up one portion of the song ''and'' permission has been sought and given, and/or given. It's more acceptable if the sample is from a public domain or source, which is why so many of them come from a public broadcast or the like.

things like {{news broadcast}}s.

[[RearrangeTheSong Remixing]] ''can'' be considered plagiarism, especially if it's done poorly enough (so that the original song isn't changed in any appreciable way), way, or if it is it's done without permission and for financial benefit benefit. But it's difficult for a remix to be so similar to the original as opposed to being a ShoutOut or tribute. However, most be plagiarism; many remixes done with permission ''and'' that substantially will change instruments, rhythm, which bits loop, and other elements so as to be distinct from the song (at least by switching out one instrument, changing original.

The musical version of an homage is where
the rhythm artist chooses to be an {{expy}} of another artist's appearance or meter or time, looping the end at the middle, etc... the more changes the better, usually) are style; it's generally not considered plagiarism, unless the artist claims to have invented that appearance or style himself and it's such an exact copy as derivative but not plagiarism.

''True''
to be no different from the original.

Parody in music tends to follow the same lines; a musical satire or parody is generally so obviously such, it's rarely considered plagiarism unless it's [[ParodyFailure impossible to tell]] that it's supposed to be a parody.

True
actionable musical plagiarism generally consists of arises from not crediting samples or remixes, ''entirely'' mimicking someone else without any of the defenses above (impersonation, homage, ShoutOut, parody), above-mentioned defenses, lifting musical passages or lyrics note for note note-for-note without permission or credit and claiming them to be one's your own (e.(''e.g. '' if you claim you personally wrote the guitar solo in [[Music/VanHalen ''Eruption'']] is your own creation, "Eruption"]] or that you personally wrote the lyrics to [[Music/JohnLennon ''Imagine'']]), "Imagine"]]), or naming giving your band or act exactly the exact same name as another one.

!!Plagiarism versus copyright infringement

A big reason for the misconceptions surrounding plagiarism
is named (even unintentionally - the tendency to confuse it with [[UsefulNotes/{{Copyright}} copyright infringement]]. While they often occur hand-in-hand, they're not the same thing. Copyright refers to an artist's right to make money from the work, and if you're making money from someone else's work without their permission, they can sue you to recover the money and stop you from doing it. Plagiarism is an ''ethical'' consideration; rather than a question of who makes money from the work, it's a question of who deserves artistic credit for it. It's true that they share certain elements in determining whether they have occurred (how similar the story elements are, whether permission was given, whether it's clearly a parody, ''etc.''), but the consequences are different.

The difference is even if you acknowledge that the work isn't yours or copy someone else unwittingly (and thus avoid technically plagiarizing), you could still be committing copyright infringement if you don't have permission from the holder. Going back to the ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'' example above, Leone plagiarized Kurosawa because he never acknowledged he was copying from him; Kurosawa successfully ''sued'' Leone for copyright infringement because he never asked for permission or paid for the rights. On the other hand, it's entirely possible to plagiarize without committing copyright infringement if you're copying a work in the public domain; while publishing a play copied from a Creator/WilliamShakespeare anthology is not copyright infringement, it is plagiarism if you try to pass off Shakespeare's writing as your own.

Copyright law includes protections such as UsefulNotes/FairUse for parodies and homages that don't require direct permission from the copyright holder. That said, in some circles it's still considered unethical to do so without some degree of permission from the original author. This is exactly what artists like Music/WeirdAlYankovic do; although they might legally be allowed to write their parodies without permission from the copyright holder, they might seek the artist's permission anyway as a courtesy and acknowledgement of who deserves the original credit (not that it's stopped them from making a parody when permission is refused).

Similarly, it's entirely possible to violate copyright law unwittingly, which isn't technically plagiarism because the copying artist wasn't aware that his idea was already used somewhere else. You see
this is what got both with musicians who choose a name already used elsewhere; for instance, Music/XJapan and Music/{{Versailles}} sued and forced had to change names, as there was add the "Japan" moniker because of an existing American band called X X, and Music/{{Versailles}} was forced to change names to avoid confusion with a French artist called Versailles).
----
'''Do
of the same name.

And because copyright infringement involves monetary culpability rather than moral culpability, a lot of things that technically infringe on copyright are allowed to slide because the infringer isn't doing any real monetary harm to the rights holder. This is how most FanFiction is allowed to exist; it's not the IDoNotOwn headers that many of them have (although sometimes they're used to head off accusations of plagiarism), but the mere fact that these authors make no money from the work that keeps them from being sued.

!!Academic plagiarism as it informs literary plagiarism

Many people are introduced to the concept of plagiarism in academia; however, academic works and literary works have very different ends, so plagiarism as it is defined here tends to have more serious consequences in academia than it does in art (where copyright infringement is the heavy hitter). In school, it is considered intellectually dishonest to use someone else's work and pass it off as your own because you're being ''judged'' on it; you're getting a grade for how well you write, how well you can organize and formulate your ideas, and how good your conclusions are, so if you're copying from someone else, you're not being judged on your own merits. The consequences for such plagiarism are serious and often include expulsion. And in research, it's considered bad form to use too many of your own ideas anyway; citation is a way of telling the reader, "I didn't pull this out of my ass; other people have said it first, and I'm just reporting what they're saying." In other words, plagiarism is bad in that respect because it asks the reader to trust that you're a genius who knows everything. Students and researchers who are aware of this occasionally suffer from "plagiarism paranoia", or the idea that they haven't cited their work enough to avoid accusations of plagiarism.

In artistic endeavors, though, creativity is encouraged and rewarded. People like to see artists come up with things from whole cloth; they're there for enjoyment and entertainment more than for science and future citation. Plagiarism is thus an ethical consideration; if you pass off someone else's work as your own, you're covering up your own deficiencies as an artist and taking credit for someone else's accomplishment. The problem here is that it's difficult to define originality in art, as everything is based on what came before, so it's impossible to create something that nobody's seen before. If nothing else, almost all the {{trope}}s will have been used elsewhere in a previous work somewhere, and JustForFun/TheTropelessTale is generally accepted to be impossible. So if you're worried about plagiarism, just remember to provide credit where credit is due and change enough of the original work to make it distinct. And if you're worried about unwittingly copying someone else, there's a great line from Creator/CSLewis:
-->''Even in literature and art, no man who bothers about originality will ever be original: whereas if you simply try to tell the truth (without caring twopence how often it has been told before), you will, nine times out of ten, become original without ever having noticed it.''

!!Plagiarism, citation, and ThisVeryWiki

Here on TVTropes, we are (kind of) a creative endeavor, and so there is work you can do as a Troper to avoid accusations of plagiarism yourself. That said, we're not exactly making a literary work here; many of our requirements are for academic reasons or to avoid copyright infringement.

We don't require formal citations like Website/{{Wikipedia}} does in the middle of the article. But that's because when you're writing a trope example and you link to the work it appears in, that link acts as a citation in and of itself. It tells the reader that if he reads/watches/listens to the work, he'll find what you describe. This is why we like better outside citations to certain RealLife examples and why we don't accept examples from DarthWiki/UnpublishedWorks on trope pages; the former doesn't point to something specific to look for, while the latter is not a citation because the work doesn't exist for anyone to verify the trope's existence. That said, you'll find a lot of uncited real-life examples and whole essays done in a conversational rather than academic style here, which might be fun to read but not necessarily {{useful|notes}}.

We also don't like people copying and pasting text from Wikipedia or other sites to TV Tropes, partly out of plagiarism concerns; it's considered bad form to just lift something from elsewhere and pass it off as our own work. TV Tropes has its own style, and we encourage Tropers to write about that information in that style in their own words, even if you can find the exact same information elsewhere.

Finally, as a meta-consideration, '''please do
not link to this page whenever you deem to accuse something as else of being plagiarism. This page is It's not meant to explain the phenomenon of plagiarism, for ComplainingAboutShowsYouDontLike. And do not add any further examples to be used as this page.''' It's a {{Useful Note|s}} which is designed to define plagiarism and how it affects what we do here, not a way for Administrivia/ComplainingAboutShowsYouDontLike. Thanks for your attention.'''

to name and shame bad artists.

%% Please don't No, seriously -- Don't add any examples.
23rd Jul '16 6:18:13 PM MasoTey
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Plagiarism is essentially taking the work of others and attempting to pass it off as one's own. In academia, it is generally defined as putting forth ideas cribbed[[note]]Use of the word "cribbed" comes from the fact that plagiarism literally means baby stealing.[[/note]] from other places and claiming that the writer came up with them -- in other words, discussing facts and theories without proper citation. This can get dicey if the author of a paper or essay happened to come to the same conclusion as a previous writer independently. It can also lead to 'Plagiarism Paranoia', when a student panics over whether they've cited it enough or not. However, around here, we're more concerned with literary plagiarism. For plagiarism used as a plot point, see PlagiarismInFiction.

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Plagiarism is essentially taking the work of others and attempting to pass it off as one's own. In academia, it is generally defined as putting forth ideas cribbed[[note]]Use of the word "cribbed" comes from the fact that plagiarism literally means baby stealing.[[/note]] cribbed from other places and claiming that the writer came up with them -- in other words, discussing facts and theories without proper citation. This can get dicey if the author of a paper or essay happened to come to the same conclusion as a previous writer independently. It can also lead to 'Plagiarism Paranoia', when a student panics over whether they've cited it enough or not. However, around here, we're more concerned with literary plagiarism. For plagiarism used as a plot point, see PlagiarismInFiction.
15th Jun '16 7:20:06 AM Morgenthaler
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If a book parodies another work of fiction, there is generally an introduction in which the author clearly states that this is a parody, and explains why they are making fun of the original work. This approach is used in ''BoredOfTheRings'', a parody of ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', among others.

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If a book parodies another work of fiction, there is generally an introduction in which the author clearly states that this is a parody, and explains why they are making fun of the original work. This approach is used in ''BoredOfTheRings'', ''Literature/BoredOfTheRings'', a parody of ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', among others.
11th May '16 12:53:40 PM DoctorCooper
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to:

----
'''Do not link to this page whenever you deem something as plagiarism. This page is meant to explain the phenomenon of plagiarism, not to be used as a way for Administrivia/ComplainingAboutShowsYouDontLike. Thanks for your attention.'''
6th Mar '16 2:11:32 AM SneaselSawashiro
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Generally in music, ShoutOut is ''welcome'' and almost never seen as plagiarism (especially if the artist ends up collaborating with or is doing an obvious tribute to the artist (and a CoverVersion is ''almost always'' treated as a ShoutOut as long as it's properly introduced/labeled as a cover ''and'' the covering artist either has the rights to it or isn't doing it to make money.

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Generally in music, ShoutOut is ''welcome'' and almost never seen as plagiarism (especially if the artist ends up collaborating with or is doing an obvious tribute to the artist (and artist; and a CoverVersion is ''almost always'' treated as a ShoutOut as long as it's properly introduced/labeled as a cover ''and'' the covering artist either has the rights to it or isn't doing it to make money.
27th May '15 5:54:37 PM ShinyTsukkomi
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A "remake" or "retelling" is doing the original work over again with some relatively minor changes, while openly admitting that it's heavily derived from the original. A famous example of a retelling is John Sturges' film ''TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''Film/SevenSamurai''. The only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. Why is this not plagiarism? Because Sturges had two things going for him: Kurosawa knew what he was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''Film/SevenSamurai'' to the Old West. He never claimed that it was a purely original work.

to:

A "remake" or "retelling" is doing the original work over again with some relatively minor changes, while openly admitting that it's heavily derived from the original. A famous example of a retelling is John Sturges' film ''TheMagnificentSeven'', ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''Film/SevenSamurai''. The only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. Why is this not plagiarism? Because Sturges had two things going for him: Kurosawa knew what he was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''Film/SevenSamurai'' to the Old West. He never claimed that it was a purely original work.
16th May '15 4:10:17 PM Temporary14
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It is sometimes debatable if a similar plot, introduced in a different setting and written differently with most of the details changed, still counts as plagiarism. ''Literature/InheritanceCycle'' is an example of this, with the first two books having a plot line that is quite similar to ''Franchise/StarWars'' but with many different details and an entirely different setting. Whether or not Creator/ChristopherPaolini is actually guilty of plagiarism is [[SeriousBusiness hotly debated]] between [[{{Fanboy}} hardcore fans]] and FanHater.
13th May '15 12:52:10 PM ShinyTsukkomi
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A "remake" or "retelling" is doing the original work over again with some relatively minor changes, while openly admitting that it's heavily derived from the original. A famous example of a retelling is John Sturges' film ''TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''SevenSamurai''. The only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. Why is this not plagiarism? Because Sturges had two things going for him: Kurosawa knew what he was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''SevenSamurai'' to the Old West. He never claimed that it was a purely original work.

to:

A "remake" or "retelling" is doing the original work over again with some relatively minor changes, while openly admitting that it's heavily derived from the original. A famous example of a retelling is John Sturges' film ''TheMagnificentSeven'', which had the plot and even some of the same dialogue as Akira Kurosawa's earlier ''SevenSamurai''.''Film/SevenSamurai''. The only real difference is that while Kurosawa's film was set in feudal Japan, Sturges' was set in TheWildWest. Why is this not plagiarism? Because Sturges had two things going for him: Kurosawa knew what he was doing and gave his approval, and Sturges openly acknowledged that he was simply moving ''SevenSamurai'' ''Film/SevenSamurai'' to the Old West. He never claimed that it was a purely original work.
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