History UsefulNotes / Philippines

11th Feb '16 9:09:33 PM IncognitoNinja
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Fixed the link to the anime Charlotte, and revised the Independence Day movie reference to include the sequel Independence Day: Resurgence (which now has its own page). Among other things that needed fixing...
One of the two ''official'' languages is Filipino, a derivative of Tagalog, the lingua franca of Manila and its surrounding provinces. A Filipino could be bilingual, with English being the second language, or trilingual, knowing Filipino, English, and his/her native langauge. For instance, someone from Manila will generally speak both Filipino and English, while a person from Baguio may be trilingual, speaking English, Filipino, and Ilokano. It is not uncommon for a Filipino to be fluent in two or more languages.
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One of the two ''official'' languages is Filipino, a derivative of Tagalog, the lingua franca of Manila and its surrounding provinces. A Filipino could be bilingual, with English being the second language, or trilingual, knowing Filipino, English, and his/her native langauge.language. For instance, someone from Manila will generally speak both Filipino and English, while a person from Baguio may be trilingual, speaking English, Filipino, and Ilokano. It is not uncommon for a Filipino to be fluent in two or more languages.

* Some characters in fiction employ Filipino Martial Arts as a dominant fighting style, notably various versions of Comicbook/{{Robin}} and/or Nightwing from ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', and The Lieutenant from ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendofKorra''.
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* Some characters in fiction employ Filipino Martial Arts as a dominant fighting style, notably various versions of Comicbook/{{Robin}} and/or Nightwing from ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', and The Lieutenant from ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendofKorra''.''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra''.

** Sven Cal Bayang, TheHero of the ONA [[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDCE73Stargazer Gundam SEED Destiny Stargazer]] is suspected to be Filipino; his surname is based on the Filipino word for 'town' or 'country'.
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** Sven Cal Bayang, Bayan, TheHero of the ONA [[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDCE73Stargazer Gundam SEED Destiny Stargazer]] is suspected to be Filipino; his surname is based on the Filipino word for 'town' or 'country'.

* In ''Anime/Charlotte'', Yuu was in Manila searching a kid named Angelo.
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* In ''Anime/Charlotte'', ''{{Anime/Charlotte}}'', Yuu was in Manila searching for a kid named Angelo.

* There have been three movies about the life of Lorenzo Ruiz. The first one ((''Rorentsu o Ruisu no shōgai'') was made in Japan, [[{{Irony}} the place where he died.]]
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* There have been three movies about the life of Lorenzo Ruiz. The first one ((''Rorentsu (''Rorentsu o Ruisu no shōgai'') was made in Japan, [[{{Irony}} the place where he died.]]

* Dan Inosanto plays a Filipino Eskrima master named Pasqual in Bruce Lee's ''[[GameOfDeath Game of Death]]''
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* Dan Inosanto plays a Filipino Eskrima master named Pasqual in Bruce Lee's ''[[GameOfDeath Game of Death]]''''Film/GameOfDeath''

* The viral website for the sequel of "Film/IndependenceDay" shows that Manila was one of the 180 cities targeted by the aliens during the War of 1996.
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* The [[http://www.warof1996.com/ viral website website]] for the sequel of "Film/IndependenceDay" ''Film/IndependenceDayResurgence'' shows that Manila was one of the 180 108 cities targeted devastated by the aliens during the "[[Film/IndependenceDay War of 1996.1996]]."

* In this [[http://images.rtsguru.com/articles/images/4000/3355/metagame_2.jpg map]] shows the country in [[End of Nations]], with a map scenario. Other images shows that they are under the [[LaResistance Liberation Front]] for sometime...
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* In this [[http://images.rtsguru.com/articles/images/4000/3355/metagame_2.jpg map]] shows the country in [[End of Nations]], ''VideoGame/EndOfNations'', with a map scenario. Other images shows that they are under the [[LaResistance Liberation Front]] for sometime...

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11th Feb '16 7:04:43 PM mugiwara
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* '''The Executive''': The President of the Philippines (Filipino: ''Ang Pangulo ng Pilipinas'') is both the Head of State and the Head of Government, and wields a significant amount of power: He sets the official government policy, appoints his ministers, military officials and Supreme Court justices, enters treaties with foreign governments, approves all transactions done in behalf of the National Government, and serves as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and the National Police. He is assisted in running the country by his Cabinet, composed of the Executive Secretary (the President's official assistant), the Secretaries (Ministers) of the different Executive Departments, the Secretaries of the Presidential Communications Group (divided into three offices: The Presidential Spokesperson, the Press and Communications Office, in charge of media relations, and the Strategic Planning Office, in charge of organizing the President's trips and official functions), the heads of different Cabinet-level agencies, and the President's advisers on various affairs like politics, the economy, and national security.
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* '''The Executive''': !!!The Executive The President of the Philippines (Filipino: ''Ang Pangulo ng Pilipinas'') is both the Head of State and the Head of Government, and wields a significant amount of power: He sets the official government policy, appoints his ministers, military officials and Supreme Court justices, enters treaties with foreign governments, approves all transactions done in behalf of the National Government, and serves as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and the National Police. He is assisted in running the country by his Cabinet, composed of the Executive Secretary (the President's official assistant), the Secretaries (Ministers) of the different Executive Departments, the Secretaries of the Presidential Communications Group (divided into three offices: The Presidential Spokesperson, the Press and Communications Office, in charge of media relations, and the Strategic Planning Office, in charge of organizing the President's trips and official functions), the heads of different Cabinet-level agencies, and the President's advisers on various affairs like politics, the economy, and national security.

* '''The Legislature''': Also patterned after the United States, the Congress of the Philippines is a bicameral legislature, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Unlike the U.S., however, Senators are elected at-large by the populace (half of the twenty-four seats are vacated every three years, thus Filipinos vote for twelve Senators) and do not represent the individual provinces, rather, the entire country is considered their constituency, and the body functions more akin to a national council than a collegial forum of different states. Also, unlike the U.S., the Senate elects its own presiding officer, who is second in the Presidential line of succession after the Vice-President.
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* '''The Legislature''': !!!The Legislature Also patterned after the United States, the Congress of the Philippines is a bicameral legislature, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Unlike the U.S., however, Senators are elected at-large by the populace (half of the twenty-four seats are vacated every three years, thus Filipinos vote for twelve Senators) and do not represent the individual provinces, rather, the entire country is considered their constituency, and the body functions more akin to a national council than a collegial forum of different states. Also, unlike the U.S., the Senate elects its own presiding officer, who is second in the Presidential line of succession after the Vice-President.

* '''The Judiciary''': Led by the fifteen-member Supreme Court (Filipino: ''Kataas-taasang Hukuman''), whose members, called "Justices" (Filipino: ''Mahistrado'') are appointed by the President and serve as the court of last resort and final authority in the interpretation of laws, especially the Constitution. Members either sit ''en banc'' (all fifteen justices present on the bench) or in committees of three, five or seven, depending on the gravity and complexity of the case they are adjudicating. The Supreme Court is presided over by the Chief Justice (Filipino: ''Punong Mahistrado''), whose only responsibility is preside over the court and represent it in external matters, as the Justices are considered co-equal in principle. Justices are mandated to retire from the court upon reaching 70 years of age.
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* '''The Judiciary''': !!!The Judiciary Led by the fifteen-member Supreme Court (Filipino: ''Kataas-taasang Hukuman''), whose members, called "Justices" (Filipino: ''Mahistrado'') are appointed by the President and serve as the court of last resort and final authority in the interpretation of laws, especially the Constitution. Members either sit ''en banc'' (all fifteen justices present on the bench) or in committees of three, five or seven, depending on the gravity and complexity of the case they are adjudicating. The Supreme Court is presided over by the Chief Justice (Filipino: ''Punong Mahistrado''), whose only responsibility is preside over the court and represent it in external matters, as the Justices are considered co-equal in principle. Justices are mandated to retire from the court upon reaching 70 years of age.

* Local Governance
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* Local !!!Local Governance
11th Feb '16 6:58:48 PM mugiwara
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Added DiffLines:
!!Government and Politics The Philippines adheres to a Republican form of government heavily modeled after that of the United States (it is, after all, a colony - later Commonwealth - of the United States for at least half a century) * '''The Executive''': The President of the Philippines (Filipino: ''Ang Pangulo ng Pilipinas'') is both the Head of State and the Head of Government, and wields a significant amount of power: He sets the official government policy, appoints his ministers, military officials and Supreme Court justices, enters treaties with foreign governments, approves all transactions done in behalf of the National Government, and serves as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and the National Police. He is assisted in running the country by his Cabinet, composed of the Executive Secretary (the President's official assistant), the Secretaries (Ministers) of the different Executive Departments, the Secretaries of the Presidential Communications Group (divided into three offices: The Presidential Spokesperson, the Press and Communications Office, in charge of media relations, and the Strategic Planning Office, in charge of organizing the President's trips and official functions), the heads of different Cabinet-level agencies, and the President's advisers on various affairs like politics, the economy, and national security. Next in the line of succession is the Vice-President (Filipino: ''Pangalawang-Pangulo'') which has inherited all the connotations of uselessness of its U.S. counterpart, even more blown up in proportion: The Vice-President of the Philippines technically has no other job that wait for the President to drop dead or be declared insane (unlike the Vice-President of the United States, who at least is officially the President of the Senate) [[note]] The Philippines is not alone in that regard: the Vice-Presidents of Indonesia and Taiwan (Republic of China) also do not prescribe powers for their Vice-Presidents [[/note]]. However, Presidents, as a gesture of courtesy, traditionally appoint their Vice-Presidents into Cabinet-level positions depending on the Vice-Presidents's party affiliation: If the Veep comes from the same party as the President, he will be made in charge of prominent Departments like that of the Interior or Foreign Affairs, but if he comes from an opposing party, he will be assigned to relatively unimportant roles, usually managing the Housing bureau. * '''The Legislature''': Also patterned after the United States, the Congress of the Philippines is a bicameral legislature, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Unlike the U.S., however, Senators are elected at-large by the populace (half of the twenty-four seats are vacated every three years, thus Filipinos vote for twelve Senators) and do not represent the individual provinces, rather, the entire country is considered their constituency, and the body functions more akin to a national council than a collegial forum of different states. Also, unlike the U.S., the Senate elects its own presiding officer, who is second in the Presidential line of succession after the Vice-President. While the two houses are considered co-equal and perform the same function - to draft laws -, both houses wield specific powers exclusive to them: The Senate has the exclusive power to ratify treaties and international agreement entered to by the President, investigate charges of graft and corruption (called "the Blue Ribbon Powers" in popular parlance) and to try and convict impeached public officials. Meanwhile, the Lower House wields the so-called "power of the purse" (that is to say, all bills regarding taxation and appropriation of public funds must originate from the House) and the power to impeach public officials (after which the Senate convenes as an impeachment court to try said official). * '''The Judiciary''': Led by the fifteen-member Supreme Court (Filipino: ''Kataas-taasang Hukuman''), whose members, called "Justices" (Filipino: ''Mahistrado'') are appointed by the President and serve as the court of last resort and final authority in the interpretation of laws, especially the Constitution. Members either sit ''en banc'' (all fifteen justices present on the bench) or in committees of three, five or seven, depending on the gravity and complexity of the case they are adjudicating. The Supreme Court is presided over by the Chief Justice (Filipino: ''Punong Mahistrado''), whose only responsibility is preside over the court and represent it in external matters, as the Justices are considered co-equal in principle. Justices are mandated to retire from the court upon reaching 70 years of age. Under the Supreme Court is a vast and complex system of local and special courts which form the hierarchical structure of the Philippine Judicial System. The Local Courts (composed of Circuit, District, Municipal, and Regional Trail Courts) serve as the "Courts of First Instance", where most legal cases involving private citizens are tried and decided. On the other hand, the Special Courts include the Court of Appeals, which retry previously adjudicated cases and decide whether to uphold the previous ruling or overturn it, the Court of Tax Appeals, where all cases relating tax fraud are heard, the ''Sandiganbayan'' or People's Advocate Court, which decided on cases involving graft and corruption committed by government officials, the Office of the Ombudsman (not a court ''per se'', but a special office) which serves as the prosecution arm of the ''Sandiganbayan'', and the Sharia Court, which hears all cases involving Islamic Law, and whose jurisdiction only extends to Muslims. * Local Governance
11th Feb '16 2:09:58 AM mugiwara
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* Mar Roxas, grandson of President Roxas, TheLancer of President Aquino, and current Interior and Local Government secretary.
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* Mar Roxas, Manuel "Mar" Roxas II, grandson of President Roxas, [[DeadGuyJunior Manuel Roxas]], TheLancer of to President Aquino, Aquino ([[GenerationXerox his father, Gerry, also served as the Lancer to Aquino's father Ninoy, while Aquino's grandfather Igno also served as the Lancer to President Roxas, Mar's grandfather]]), former Senator, Trade and Industry secretary, and current Interior and Local Government secretary.
6th Feb '16 3:09:45 PM Freshmeat
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* The Luna brothers, [[SiblingYinYang Juan and Antonio]], who are notorious for their [[HairTriggerTemper hot tempers]]. Juan was a [[MagnumOpus painter]] who reportedly killed his wife and children out of jealousy, while Antonio is a [[FourStarBadass military man]] with a dash of GeniusBruiser[[note]]It's a lesser-known fact that he is also a successful scientist who finished doctor's degrees in bacteriology and pharmacy in Europe[[/note]] who had quarreled with Josť Rizal and Emilio Aguinaldo, causing the latter to have him killed.
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* The Luna brothers, [[SiblingYinYang Juan and Antonio]], who are notorious for their [[HairTriggerTemper hot tempers]]. Juan was a [[MagnumOpus painter]] painter who reportedly killed his wife and children out of jealousy, while Antonio is a [[FourStarBadass military man]] with a dash of GeniusBruiser[[note]]It's a lesser-known fact that he is also a successful scientist who finished doctor's degrees in bacteriology and pharmacy in Europe[[/note]] who had quarreled with Josť Rizal and Emilio Aguinaldo, causing the latter to have him killed.
4th Feb '16 10:06:56 PM judasmartel
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The Philippines used to be one of the powerhouse teams in Asian basketball, but has suffered a decline by the 1970's and eventually haven't qualified for the world championships or the Olympics since 1985. But after 28 long years, Gilas Pilipinas men's basketball team [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome finally defeated their arch-rivals from]] SouthKorea [[GameBreakingInjury despite losing their naturalized center]] to qualify for the 2014 [=FIBA=] World Cup of Basketball in Spain. A year later, they kept up with four of the best basketball teams in the world (lost to fifth-ranked Greece by 12 points, but lost to Croatia, third-ranked Argentina, and Puerto Rico by ''only 4 points or less'') and defeated Senegal (with no less than ''four'' players with NBA experience) to win their first Basketball World Cup game in '''''40 years''''', all in [[DavidVersusGoliath underdog fashion]]. The Philippines is now contending with China for hosting rights for the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup.
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The Philippines used to be one of the powerhouse teams in Asian basketball, but has suffered a decline by the 1970's and eventually haven't qualified for the world championships or the Olympics since 1985. But after 28 long years, Gilas Pilipinas men's basketball team [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome finally defeated their arch-rivals from]] SouthKorea [[GameBreakingInjury despite losing their naturalized center]] to qualify for the 2014 [=FIBA=] World Cup of Basketball in Spain. A year later, There they kept up with four of played competitively against the best basketball teams in the world (lost despite failing to fifth-ranked qualify for the next round, losing to World #5 Greece by 12 points, but lost points; to Croatia, third-ranked World #3 Argentina, and Puerto Rico by ''only 4 points or less'') less'', and defeated beating Senegal (with no less than ''four'' players with NBA experience) in overtime to win their first Basketball World Cup game in '''''40 years''''', all in [[DavidVersusGoliath underdog fashion]]. 40 years. The Philippines is now contending with lost to China for hosting rights for the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup. Cup, and later, the one outright Asian slot for the 2016 Rio Olympics. However, they did get to host one of the Olympic Qualifying Tournaments in July 2016 where they will face powerhouse teams yet again; this time France, New Zealand, Canada, Turkey, and Senegal.

Since 2010, football experienced a sudden surge in popularity after the national team, dubbed the "Azkals" ("Street Dogs"), scored unprecedented victories, including champion team Vietnam. They had a respectable finish at the Suzuki Cup, losing to Indonesia at the semifinals. Owing to this surge of interest, the Philippine Football League (PFL) was organized, where prospective players for the Azkals are tested.
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Since 2010, football experienced a sudden surge in popularity after the national team, dubbed the "Azkals" ("Street Dogs"), scored unprecedented victories, including champion team Vietnam. They had a respectable finish at the Suzuki Cup, losing to Indonesia at the semifinals. Owing to this surge of interest, the Philippine Football League (PFL) was organized, where prospective players for the Azkals are tested. tested. The Azkals have recently bowed of contention in the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers after losses to Uzbekistan, Bahrain and Yemen, all on the road.
4th Feb '16 9:48:41 PM judasmartel
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Amidst this background Portuguese conquistador Ferdinand Magellan managed to find the islands in 1521 and claimed them on behalf of the Kingdom of Spain. Magellan would never live to see his fleet complete the world's first circumnavigation, however -- he was killed in Cebu in a skirmish with a defending''datu'' (tribal leader) opposing another datu aligned with Magellan. After a long hiatus, Spanish colonization began in earnest in 1565 from Cebu under Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, before conquering Panay and finally Manila in 1571, where they established the capital of the Spanish East Indies, which includes what is now UsefulNotes/{{Guam}}, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Northern Mariana Islands and UsefulNotes/{{Palau}}. It was also part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain with UsefulNotes/{{Mexico}}, during which time Manila and Acapulco became the ports-of-call for galleon fleets which bring migrants, food and missionaries, thus contributing to the Philippines' Latin American flavor. The Spanish East Indies, however, also saw many a threat from within (local insurgents and Muslim warlords in Mindanao) and without (Chinese pirates and fellow colonists from the Netherlands and Portugal), including a three-year occupation by the British as a SpinOff of the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar (1762-1764).
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Amidst this background Portuguese conquistador Ferdinand Magellan managed to find the islands in 1521 and claimed them on behalf of the Kingdom of Spain. Magellan would never live to see his fleet complete the world's first circumnavigation, however -- he was killed in Cebu in a skirmish with a defending''datu'' defending ''datu'' (tribal leader) opposing another datu ''datu'' aligned with Magellan. After a long hiatus, Spanish colonization began in earnest in 1565 from Cebu under Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, before conquering Panay and finally Manila in 1571, where they established the capital of the Spanish East Indies, which includes what is now UsefulNotes/{{Guam}}, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Northern Mariana Islands and UsefulNotes/{{Palau}}. It was also part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain with UsefulNotes/{{Mexico}}, during which time Manila and Acapulco became the ports-of-call for galleon fleets which bring migrants, food and missionaries, thus contributing to the Philippines' Latin American flavor. The Spanish East Indies, however, also saw many a threat from within (local insurgents and Muslim warlords in Mindanao) and without (Chinese pirates and fellow colonists from the Netherlands and Portugal), including a three-year occupation by the British as a SpinOff of the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar (1762-1764).
31st Jan '16 8:15:20 AM nombretomado
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* Stand-up comedian Rex Navarrete, a Filipino-American, always makes references to Filipino culture. His most famous skit is arguably [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=An79RrJJYD0 Maritess vs. The]] ''SuperFriends'', which explores the perspective of a Filipina house servant in the minding and tending of superheroes.
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* Stand-up comedian Rex Navarrete, a Filipino-American, always makes references to Filipino culture. His most famous skit is arguably [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=An79RrJJYD0 Maritess vs. The]] ''SuperFriends'', ''{{WesternAnimation/Superfriends}}'', which explores the perspective of a Filipina house servant in the minding and tending of superheroes.
19th Jan '16 1:27:40 PM Willbyr
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* Malcolm Gedoh and Eleki Battery from HajimeNoIppo are the Philippines Featherweight National Champion and Junior Lightweight Champion respectively. Miyata's rival, the former OPBF Interim Featherweight Champion Randy Boy Junior and his father, Randy Boy Senior, are also from the Philippines. * Maria Taro Sekiutsu from ''SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' is implied to be from the Philippines.
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* Malcolm Gedoh and Eleki Battery from HajimeNoIppo ''Manga/HajimeNoIppo'' are the Philippines Featherweight National Champion and Junior Lightweight Champion respectively. Miyata's rival, the former OPBF Interim Featherweight Champion Randy Boy Junior and his father, Randy Boy Senior, are also from the Philippines. * Maria Taro Sekiutsu from ''SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' is implied to be from the Philippines.
13th Jan '16 7:34:51 AM Gillan1220
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* The viral website for the sequel of "Film/IndependenceDay" shows that Manila was one of the 180 cities targeted by the aliens during the War of 1996.

* In the alternate history ''Literatue/1983Doomsday'' The Philippines is one of the pre-doomsday nations to survive the nuclear war of 1983. During the war, three sites of the Philippines were hit, all which were US military bases: Clark Air Base, Subic Naval Base, and Camp John Hay. The country was rediscovered by ANZC recon team in 1995. The following year, the Philippines took control of Sabah.
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* In the alternate history ''Literatue/1983Doomsday'' ''[[Literature/1983Doomsday]]'', The Philippines is one of the pre-doomsday nations to survive the nuclear war of 1983. During the war, three sites of the Philippines were hit, hit by Soviet nuclear weapons, all which were US military bases: Clark Air Base, Base in Pampanga, Subic Naval Base, Base in Zambales, and Camp John Hay. Hay in Baguio City, Benguet. Following Doomsday, the country was plunged into crisis, as the affected provinces and nearby provinces were evacuated. Two years later, Chinese refugees arrived further complicating the situation. Ferdinand Marcos was disposed in a peaceful coup in 1987. The country was rediscovered by an ANZC recon team in 1995. The following year, the Philippines took control of Sabah.
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