History UsefulNotes / PatronSaints

21st Mar '17 1:08:01 PM VoiceInTheWilderness
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* ''August 2'' -- '''Peter Julian Eymard''' (1811-1868) [RC]: French priest and advocate of the adoration of the Holy Eucharist (a small piece of unleavened bread which symbolizes the body of Jesus offered to humanity as forgiveness of their sins).

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* ''August 2'' -- '''Peter Julian Eymard''' (1811-1868) [RC]: French priest and advocate of the adoration of the Holy Eucharist (a small piece of unleavened bread which symbolizes is the body of Jesus offered to humanity as forgiveness of their sins).
7th Mar '17 4:27:06 AM zero5889
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* ''December 27'' -- '''John''' (c. 6-100) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., September 26]: One of the twelve apostles of Jesus and traditionally the youngest (and the last surviving apostle at the time of his death), hence he often appears in Western Christian art as a PrettyBoy. Credited with writing five books appearing in ''Literature/TheBible'' -- a Gospel (which is different from that by Matthew, Mark and Luke through its philosophical character), three general letters to the various churches of Asia Minor, and ''Literature/TheBookOfRevelation''. Patron of love, loyalty, friendships, authors and booksellers.
* ''December 28'' -- '''Holy Innocents''': Male infants under two years old killed by King Herod the Great of Judea in a failed attempt to keep Jesus from presumably vying for his throne. While ambiguous in historicity, such an act is acknowledged to be not too out-of-character for the historical Herod, who was infamous for violent reprisals on any pretender to his throne (including family members).
* ''December 29'' -- '''Thomas Becket''' (1119-1170) [RC / Angl.]: Archbishop of Canterbury, who engaged in a lifelong conflict with King Henry II of England over the rights and properties of the Church until he was murdered during Mass by four knights who misinterpreted rash words from the King. Patron of secular clergy.
* ''December 31'' -- '''Pope Sylvester I''' (d. 335) [RC / Orth., January 2]: Bishop of Rome during whose tenure Emperor Constantine the Great officially endorsed Christianity as the state religion of the Roman Empire. Otherwise obscure, he is venerated by Roman Catholics as the New Year's Eve pontiff.
3rd Mar '17 3:59:28 AM zero5889
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* ''December 14'' -- '''John of the Cross''' (1542-1591) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Spanish Carmelite monk and mystic, as well as a disciple of Saint Teresa of Ávila, with whom he implemented reforms in the order even in the face of opposition. Patron of mystics, Spanish poets and contemplatives.
* ''December 21'' -- '''Peter Canisius''' (1521-1597) [RC]: Dutch Jesuit priest responsible for the restoration of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany following the Protestant Reformation. Patron of Germany and the Catholic press.
* ''December 23'' -- '''John Cantius''' (1390-1473) [RC]: Polish priest and physicist, whose works foreshadowed the rethinking of the laws of physics by Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton. Patron of Poland and Lithuania.
* ''December 26'' -- '''Stephen''' (d. 36): One of the first deacons (assistants to the apostles, presently to priests or pastors) and the very first Christian martyr, stoned to death for preaching the Gospel, even as he forgave his executioners. Patron of Belgium, Serbia, deacons and protector against headaches.
2nd Mar '17 4:55:42 AM zero5889
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** '''Raphael''' [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: An angel introduced in ''Tobit'' (a book deemed canonical in Roman Catholic and Orthodox versions of ''UsefulNotes/TheBible'', and deemed apocryphal elsewhere) and a traveling healer. Patron of travelers, apothecaries and blind people.

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** '''Raphael''' [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: An angel introduced in ''Tobit'' (a book deemed canonical in Roman Catholic and Orthodox versions of ''UsefulNotes/TheBible'', and deemed apocryphal elsewhere) and a traveling healer. Patron of travelers, apothecaries and blind people.



[[folder:December]]
* ''December 3'' -- '''Francis Xavier''' (1506-1552) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: One of the co-founders of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and a close friend of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, famed for his extensive missionary efforts to India and Japan. Patron of the East Indies, Japan and foreign missions.
* ''December 4'' -- '''John of Damascus''' (675/676-749) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Priest and polymath and writer of expositions of the faith and hymns amidst Muslim-ruled Syria. Patron of pharmacists and icon painters.
* ''December 6'' -- '''Nicholas''' (270-343) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Myra (modern-day Demre, Turkey), famed for his generousness, which translated into the character of SantaClaus. Patron of children, repentant thieves and bankers, moneylenders and financiers (by way of pious legend stating that he spared a poor father the disgrace of selling his three daughters to prostitution by secretly giving them treasure to sell).
* ''December 7'' -- '''Ambrose''' (340-397) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Mediolanum (modern-day Milan, Italy) and a former governor before his ascent as bishop, during which he preached against Arians and was influential in the conversion of Saint Augustine from a life of sin. Patron of beekeepers, bishops and the city of Milan, which keeps a particular Latin-language liturgical rite named after him, one of the few tolerated after the reforms of the Second Vatican Council enforced the Roman Rite (partially because Pope Paul VI previously served as archbishop).
* ''December 9'' -- '''Juan Diego''' (1474-1548) [RC]: Indigenous Mexican convert and visionary of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
* ''December 11'' -- '''Pope Damasus I''' (305-384) [RC]: Bishop of Rome under whose tenure Saint Jerome began his translation of the books of ''Literature/TheBible'' into Latin. Patron of archaeologists.
* ''December 13'' -- '''Lucy''' (283-304) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Virgin martyr from Syracuse in Sicily and patron of the blind (largely due to her name being a play on ''lux'', the Latin word for "light").
[[/folder]]



* Saint Nicholas, a.k.a. SantaClaus (a lot of [[RecursiveTranslation Multilingual]] MemeticMutation was involved), who surreptitiously gave gold to the poor, patron saint of children; also patron of (repentant) thieves and of bankers, moneylenders, and financiers (including pawnbrokers--hence the three golden orbs.) His Feast Day is December 6th, which used to be the day when children would receive presents (Christmas itself was reserved for liturgy and feasting).
** The most famous legend is that a poor father had three daughters with no dowry, and therefore no marriage prospects, and a likely eventual fate as prostitutes. Nicholas the Bishop helped them under cover of night, by throwing bags of gold down their chimney, one for each daughter, saving their futures.
28th Feb '17 5:22:03 AM zero5889
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[[folder:November]]
* ''November 1'' -- '''All Saints''': A universal commemoration of all the saints, observed in virtually all major Christian denominations.
* ''November 3'' -- '''Martin de Porres''' (1579-1639) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Peruvian Dominican lay brother who defied the stigma of being the illegitimate son of a Spanish nobleman and a freed African slave [[HeroicBastard to lead a life of humility and charity]]. Patron of mixed-race people, barbers, innkeepers and advocates for racial harmony.
* ''November 4'' -- '''Charles Borromeo''' (1538-1584) [RC]: Archbishop of Milan and a prominent figure in the Counter-Reformation, as well as an advocate for the foundation of religious seminaries. Patron of bishops, catechumens, and Lombardy, as well as protector against ulcers.
* ''November 10'' -- '''Pope Leo I (the Great)''' (400-461) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Bishop of Rome famous for standing up to Attila the Hun and persuading him to turn back from Italy, as well as a major influence in the orthodox Christian stance of Jesus having both divine and human natures.
* ''November 11'' -- '''Martin of Tours''' (316/336-397) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Hungarian-born Roman soldier turned first bishop of Tours in France after a vision of Christ who earlier disguised himself as a beggar in the middle of winter who was given a part of his cloak. Patron of beggars, recovering alcoholics and horses.
* ''November 12'' -- '''Josaphat Kuntsevych''' (1580-1623) [RC]: One of the few saints from the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, a Byzantine-rite Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with Rome while adhering to almost the same rites as the Eastern Orthodox Churches), and archeparch (the eastern equivalent of the western archbishops) of Polotsk (in modern-day Belarus) until his death during a period of strife between the Orthodox and Catholic churches of the region. Patron of Ukraine.
* ''November 15'' -- '''Albertus Magnus''' (1200-1280) [RC]: German Dominican friar and mentor of Saint Thomas Aquinas. Patron of scientists, students and Cincinnati.
* ''November 16'' -- '''Margaret of Scotland''' (1045-1093) [RC]: English-born princess and Queen of Scots, famous for her charitable work. Patron of Scotland and Anglo-Scots relations.
* ''November 16'' -- '''Gertrude the Great''' (1256-1302) [RC]: German Benedictine nun and mystic, and patron of the West Indies.
* ''November 17'' -- '''Elizabeth of Hungary''' (1207-1231) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Hungarian princess and Franciscan laywoman. Married and widowed at a young age, she spent the rest of her short life in works of charity. Patron of hospitals, nurses, bakers and the Third Order of Saint Francis, an order for laypeople who wish to live in contemplation while still functioning in the ordinary world.
* ''November 22'' -- '''Cecilia''' (c. 2nd century) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Semi-legendary but incredibly popular patron of musicians (by way of pious legend claiming that she sang to God during her wedding to a pagan nobleman, who later converted and was eventually martyred with her).
* ''November 23'' -- '''Pope Clement I''' (d. 99) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Reputed handpicked heir of Saint Peter as Bishop of Rome and an outstanding writer. Patron of mariners and stone-cutters (by way of legend claiming he was executed during the reign of Emperor Trajan by being tied onto an anchor and thrown into the sea).
* ''November 23'' -- '''Columbanus''' (543-615) [RC]: Irish missionary to France and patron of motorcyclists.
* ''November 24'' -- '''Andrew Dũng-Lạc''' (1795-1839) [RC]: Vietnamese priest and one of the first martyrs of that nation, described as one of the most brutal and politicized in history (largely due to Christianity's association with French colonists).
* ''November 25'' -- '''Catherine of Alexandria''' (287-305) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Semi-legendary but very popular princess, scholar and virgin martyr. Patron of unmarried girls, apologists, and craftsmen who work on a wheel such as potters and spinners (legend has it that she was executed by being put on a spiked breaking wheel).
* ''November 30'' -- '''Andrew''' (c. 1st century): One of Jesus' twelve apostles and reputedly the founder of the Church in Constantinople, from whom all its patriarchs derive their lineage and authority as spiritual leader of the Eastern Orthodox Church (in contrast to the pope, which derive their lineage from Saint Peter). Patron of Scotland, Greece, Romania, Russia and fishermen.
[[/folder]]
25th Feb '17 2:45:03 AM zero5889
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* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God (João Duarte Cidade)''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.

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* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God (João Duarte Cidade)''' God''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.



* ''August 12'' -- '''Jane Frances de Chantal''' (1572-1641) [RC]: French baroness-turned-nun, widowed after a short but fruitful marriage, and a friend of Saint Francis de Sales, with whom she founded the Congregation of the Visitation for women rejected by other orders due to illness or age, for which she was declared patron of forgotten people.

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* ''August 12'' -- '''Jane Frances de Chantal''' (1572-1641) [RC]: French baroness-turned-nun, widowed after a short but fruitful marriage, and a friend of Saint Francis de Sales, with whom she founded the Congregation of the Visitation (Visitandines) for women rejected by other orders due to illness or age, for which she was declared patron of forgotten people.



[[folder:October]]
* ''October 1'' -- '''Thérèse of Lisieux''' (1873-1897) [RC]: French Carmelite nun widely venerated for her life of great simplicity and humility. Patron of France, Russia, Alaska, gardeners, and AIDS patients (having died young after a bout of tuberculosis).
* ''October 4'' -- '''Francis of Assisi''' (1181/1182-1226) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Italian friar and founder of the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) and other associated orders dedicated to mendicancy (an avowed life of poverty and ministry). A son of a merchant who cast aside his wealth to live in meditation, and also [[FriendToAllLivingThings had a gift with animals, even preaching to birds and calming wolves]]. He was a humble lover of nature, and the first recorded Christian to receive the ''[[WoundThatWillNotHeal stigmata]]''. Arguably one of the most beloved saints throughout Christianity and namesake of the current pope (formerly Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires), he is the patron of Italy, San Francisco, animals, the environment and merchants.
* ''October 6'' -- '''Bruno of Cologne''' (1030-1101) [RC]: German priest and founder of the Carthusians, an order of enclosed monks and nuns following a rule different from that issued by Saint Benedict. Famed for his humility, going so far as to decline a bishopric from his former pupil, Pope Urban II. Patron of Germany, Calabria (whose see he declined) and monastic communities.
* ''October 9'' -- '''Denis''' (d. 250/258/270) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: First bishop of Paris, famously depicted carrying his own severed head after his execution during the persecutions of Emperor Decius, preaching repentance for a few hours before finally dying. Patron of France, Paris, and sufferers of headache.
* ''October 9'' -- '''Giovanni Leonardi''' (1541-1609) [RC]: Italian priest and founder of the Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca, as well as a friend of Saint Philip Neri, who spent his life in devotion to the Virgin Mary.
* ''October 11'' -- '''Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli)''' (1881-1963) [RC / Angl., June 4 / Luth., June 3]: Pontiff under whose reign the Second Vatican Council was convened to reform the Roman Catholic Church for the 20th century, as well as an advocate of ecumenism. Well-loved for his genial nature. Patron of papal delegates (having previously served as one to Greece and Turkey) and Christian unity.
* ''October 14'' -- '''Pope Callixtus I''' (d. 223) [RC]: A former slave turned Bishop of Rome. Patron of cemetery workers, having spent his early years in the priesthood tending to catacombs where Christian martyrs were buried.
* ''October 15'' -- '''Teresa of Ávila''' (1515-1582) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Spanish Carmelite nun, mystic and theologian, responsible for the reformation of her order and famous for her visions and works on mental prayer. Patron of sufferers of headaches, lace makers and workers, people in religious orders, and people ridiculed for their piety (having suffered such from her superiors for her lifestyle).
* ''October 16'' -- '''Hedwig of Silesia''' (1174-1243) [RC]: Bavarian-born duchess revered for her tireless service for the poor and refugees from the many wars that rocked Central Europe throughout the thirteenth century. Patron of orphans (earning her [[Literature/HarryPotter a very famous avian namesake]]), Berlin, Brandenburg, Poland, Kraków, Silesia and Wrocław.
* ''October 16'' -- '''Margaret Mary Alacoque''' (1647-1690) [RC]: French Visitandine nun responsible for the modern veneration of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Patron of polio victims.
* ''October 17'' -- '''Ignatius of Antioch''' (35-108) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., December 20]: Bishop of Antioch (modern-day Antakya, Turkey) and one of the most respected apostolic-era writers, many of which written en route to Rome where he was executed by being fed to the lions. Patron of the particular Churches of the eastern Mediterranean and North Africa.
* ''October 18'' -- '''Luke''' (d. ~84): A companion of Saint Paul, and reputed author of two books in ''Literature/TheBible'', a Gospel bearing his name and the ''Acts of the Apostles''. Widely believed to be a Greek physician (explaining his Gospel's focus on Jesus' miracles) and an acquaintance of the Virgin Mary, whose image he painted. Patron of artists and physicians.
* ''October 19'' -- '''Jean de Brébeuf''' (1593-1649) and '''Isaac Jogues''' (1607-1646) [RC / Angl.]: French Jesuit missionaries to the indigenous peoples of Canada and the first martyrs of the Americas. Co-patrons of Canada.
* ''October 19'' -- '''Paul of the Cross''' (1694-1775) [RC]: Italian priest and mystic, and founder of the Congregation of the Passion of Jesus Christ (Passionists), an order dedicated to the meditation on the death and resurrection of Jesus.
* ''October 22'' -- '''Pope John Paul II (Karol Józef Wojtyła)''' (1920-2005) [RC]: First Slavic and first non-Italian pontiff in 500 years. Arguably one of the best-known and most-loved popes on account of his many international travels (more than any other pope before him) and a lengthy 26-year reign (by the standards of popes, majority of whom are elected at an advanced age). Patron of Kraków, where he served as archbishop before his ascent.
* ''October 23'' -- '''John of Capistrano''' (1386-1456) [RC]: Italian Franciscan friar, theologian and inquisitor, as well as a crusader leading the defense of Belgrade against the Ottomans. Patron of jurists, military chaplains, Belgrade and Hungary.
* ''October 24'' -- '''Anthony Mary Claret''' (1807-1870) [RC]: Catalan bishop and confessor to Queen Isabella II of Spain, and founder of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians), a community of priests dedicated to charity and education for the poor. Patron of textile merchants, the Canary Islands and technical/vocational educators.
* ''October 28'' -- '''Simon the Zealot''' (d. ~65/107) and '''Jude''' (c. 1st century) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., May 10 (Simon) and June 19 (Jude)]: Two of the lesser-known members of Jesus' twelve apostles. The former is reputed to be a member of the Zealots, the principal anti-Roman LaResistance of first-century Judea before joining Jesus, as well as patron of sawyers (he is said to have been executed by being sawn in half). The latter is ''not'' to be confused with Judas Iscariot, and is said to have brought the Gospel to Armenia; contrary to his obscurity (or perhaps because of it), he is declared patron of lost causes, desperate situations, Armenia and hospitals.
[[/folder]]



* Saint Francis of Assisi, a popular and recognizable saint. He [[DefectorFromDecadence cast aside his worldly riches to live in severe poverty]], and [[FriendToAllLivingThings had a gift with animals, even preaching to birds and calming wolves]]. He was a humble lover of nature, and the first recorded Christian to receive the [[WoundThatWillNotHeal stigmata]]. He is the patron saint of animals and the environment (and those who care for the same, like veterinarians and conservationists), merchants, and the Cub Scouts, as well as the city of [[MeaningfulName San Francisco, CA]].
** Interesting current events trivia, Bishop Jorge Mario Bergoglio, when he was called to the Church's highest office, took the name Francis in emulation of the Saint, becoming ''Papa Francisco'' -- and the first Pope to take that name.
* Saint Hedwig of Silesia, who reigned briefly as Duchess. She was tireless in her efforts to help the poor and the displaced refugees of the many wars of Central Europe in the thirteenth century (including the Mongol invasion of Poland!). Perhaps this is why she is the patron saint of orphans, which earned her [[Literature/HarryPotter a very famous avian namesake.]] Also a patroness of Berlin, Brandenberg, and Poland.



* Saint Jude, ''not'' to be confused with Judas Iscariot; might be the most unfortunate victim of the [[OneSteveLimit One Yehuda Limit]]. One of the twelve Apostles, sometimes called Thaddeus, who is credited with having brought Christianity to Armenia. He has a special designation as patron saint of Lost Causes, in fact, [[Music/TheBeatles there's even a song dedicated to him]]. [[Film/TheUntouchables And he's the patron of police officers.]]
** He is also the patron saint of [[CaptainObvious St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital.]] A young actor by the name of Danny Thomas prayed to Saint Jude to help him find an acting job, promising he would found a shrine in St. Jude's honor if he did. Danny got a job soon after, and the cancer fighting hospitals were born.



* Saint Therese of Lisieux, "The Little Flower of Jesus." Called "the greatest saint of modern times" by none other than Pope Pius X, she was a nun of great humility, who said that not everyone can do great things, but everyone can do little things with great love. Another Doctor of the Church. Patroness of gardeners, flowers, and those who live with HIV/AIDS.
25th Feb '17 1:04:51 AM zero5889
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* ''January 2'' -- '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' (329-379) and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (329-390) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishops from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.

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* ''January 2'' -- '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' (329-379) and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (329-390) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishops and noted theologians from from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the Arian schism, which rejects Christ's equality with God; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.



* ''January 13'' -- '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (310-367) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
* ''January 17'' -- '''Anthony the Great''' (251-356) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth. / Coptic]: The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the deserts of Egypt. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.
* ''January 20'' -- '''Pope Fabian''' (236-256) [RC / Orth.]: Nineteenth successor to the throne of Saint Peter. He served to heal a rift between followers of his predecessors, Pontian and Hippolytus, and was later killed during the wave of persecutions under Emperor Decius.

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* ''January 13'' -- '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (310-367) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
schism.
* ''January 17'' -- '''Anthony the Great''' (251-356) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth. / Coptic]: ]: The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the deserts of Egypt. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.
* ''January 20'' -- '''Pope Fabian''' (236-256) [RC / Orth.]: Nineteenth successor to the throne Bishop of Saint Peter. He served to heal Rome and martyr under Emperor Decius; famous for healing a rift between followers of his predecessors, Pontian and Hippolytus, and was later killed during the wave of persecutions under Emperor Decius.Hippolytus.



* ''January 24'' -- '''Francis de Sales''' (1567-1622) [RC / Angl.]: Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, famous for his gentle approach to the delicate religious situation of his territory, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* ''January 26'' -- '''Timothy''' (17-97) and '''Titus''' (d. 96 or 107) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., August 25 for Titus]: Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) and Crete.

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* ''January 24'' -- '''Francis de Sales''' (1567-1622) [RC / Angl.]: Roman Catholic Bishop French bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, albeit quartered in nearby Annecy, famous for his gentle approach to the delicate religious situation of his territory, constituency, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* ''January 26'' -- '''Timothy''' (17-97) and '''Titus''' (d. 96 or 107) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., August 25 for Titus]: Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) Turkey) and Crete.



* ''January 28'' -- '''Thomas Aquinas''' (1225-1274) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Dominican friar and arguably one of the most influential philosophers and theologians not just in Christianity, but throughout the Western world, integrating Aristotelian philosophy with basic Christian tenets. Patron of the intellectual class and Catholic centers of learning.
* ''January 31'' -- '''John Bosco''' (1815-1888) [RC / Angl.]: Patron of juvenile delinquents, having spent most of his life rescuing and educating street children of rapidly-industrializing Turin.

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* ''January 28'' -- '''Thomas Aquinas''' (1225-1274) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Dominican friar and arguably one of the most influential philosophers and theologians not just in Christianity, but throughout the Western world, integrating Aristotelian philosophy with basic Christian tenets. Patron of the intellectual class and Catholic centers of learning.
* ''January 31'' -- '''John Bosco''' (1815-1888) [RC / Angl.]: Patron of juvenile delinquents, having spent most of his life rescuing and educating street children of from rapidly-industrializing Turin.



* ''February 3'' -- '''Ansgar''' (801-865) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and missionary to Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

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* ''February 3'' -- '''Ansgar''' (801-865) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and missionary to Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Revered for his determination to spread the Gospel [[{{Determinator}} despite multiple political and religious setbacks]].



* ''February 8'' -- '''Gerolamo Emiliani''' (1486-1537) [RC]: Patron of orphans and founder of the Somaschi Fathers, having lived as a humanitarian offering shelter to orphan boys.

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* ''February 8'' -- '''Gerolamo Emiliani''' (1486-1537) [RC]: Patron of orphans Italian priest and founder of the Somaschi Fathers, having lived as a humanitarian offering shelter which tended to orphan boys.boys, for whom he is their patron.



* ''February 10'' -- '''Scholastica''' (480-547) [RC / Orth.]: Sister (and alleged twin) of Saint Benedict. Patron of nuns and storms (legend has it that before she died she prayed that a storm interrupt the departure of the then-visiting Benedict, wanting him to be by her side in her last moments).
* ''February 14'' -- '''Cyril''' (826-869) and '''Methodius''' (815-885) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Brothers and missionaries to eastern Europe. Patrons of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Macedonia and Slovakia, and as of 1980 one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe, stemming from their missionary zeal.
* ''February 17'' -- '''Bonfilius''', '''Bonajuncta''', '''Bartolomeus''', '''Hugh''', '''Manettus''', '''Sostene''' and '''Alexius''', the Founders of the Servite Order [RC]: Seven merchants from Florence who gave up their privilege to live in contemplation of the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.

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* ''February 10'' -- '''Scholastica''' (480-547) [RC / Orth.]: Sister (and alleged twin) of Saint Benedict. Patron of nuns and protection against storms (legend has it that before she died she prayed that a storm interrupt the departure of the then-visiting Benedict, wanting him to be by her side in her last moments).
* ''February 14'' -- '''Cyril''' (826-869) and '''Methodius''' (815-885) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Brothers and missionaries to eastern Eastern Europe. Patrons of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Macedonia and Slovakia, and as of 1980 one two of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe, stemming from their missionary zeal.
* ''February 17'' -- '''Bonfilius''', '''Bonajuncta''', '''Bartolomeus''', '''Hugh''', '''Manettus''', '''Sostene''' '''Buonfiglio dei Monaldi (Bonfilius)''', '''Giovanni di Buonagiunta (Bonajuncta)''', '''Amadeus dell' Amidei (Bartolomeus)''', '''Ricovero dei Lippi-Ugguccioni (Hugh)''', '''Benedetto dell' Antella (Manettus)''', '''Gherardino di Sostegno (Sostene)''' and '''Alexius''', the Founders of the Servite Order '''Alessio de' Falconieri (Alexius)''' [RC]: Seven merchants from Florence who gave up their privilege wealth to found the Order of Friar Servants of Mary (Servites) in 1233 and live in contemplation of the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.



* ''March 3'' -- '''Casimir (Jagielion)''' (1458-1484) [RC]: Patron of Lithuania and a prince of the Kingdom of Poland who spent his short life in devotion and charity.
* ''March 7'' -- '''Perpetua and Felicitas''' (d.203) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., February 1]: One of the earliest and most popular martyrs from Carthage (modern-day Tunis, Tunisia) -- the former a noblewoman, the latter a pregnant slave, both of whom kept an account of their lives.
* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.

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* ''March 3'' -- '''Casimir (Jagielion)''' [Jagielion]''' (1458-1484) [RC]: Patron of Lithuania and a prince of the Kingdom of Poland who spent his short life in devotion and charity.
* ''March 7'' -- '''Perpetua and Felicitas''' (d.203) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., February 1]: One Two of the earliest and most popular martyrs from Carthage (modern-day Tunis, Tunisia) -- the former a noblewoman, the latter a pregnant slave, both slave -- and the subject of whom kept an account of their lives.
a popular hagiography.
* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God''' God (João Duarte Cidade)''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.



* ''March 17'' -- '''Patrick''' (5th c.) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Patron of Ireland, said to have driven out snakes from the island (which may be interpreted as an allegory of his successful campaign to convert Ireland from its traditional beliefs).

to:

* ''March 17'' -- '''Patrick''' (5th c.) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: A British slave turned cleric, who late in life returned to Ireland, where he was brought as a slave, to preach to its peoples. Patron of Ireland, said to have driven Nigeria, New York, Boston, and engineers. Popularly depicted driving out snakes from the island (which may be interpreted Ireland (as there are no native snakes there, it is thought of as an allegory of his successful campaign to convert Ireland from its traditional beliefs).him driving out paganism).



* ''April 7'' -- '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: French priest, educator and patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.

to:

* ''April 7'' -- '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: French priest, educator and patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), (Lasallians), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.



* ''April 25'' -- '''Mark the Evangelist''' (d. 68): One of the earliest Christians and patron of Venice (where his alleged remains are held) and Egypt (it is said he was the first bishop of Alexandria). Reputed to be a disciple of Saint Peter, from whom he wrote his account of the life of Jesus (which became one of Literature/TheFourGospels).
* ''April 28'' -- '''Peter Chanel''' (1803-1841) [RC]: French missionary to the Pacific islands, and patron of Oceania.
* ''April 28'' -- '''Louis Grignion de Montfort''' (1673-1716) [RC]: French mystic and writer of various letters on the Virgin Mary.
* ''April 29'' -- '''Catherine of Siena''' (1347-1380) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Italian mystic and theologian; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire. Declared one of the six Patron Saints of Europe for her efforts to bring back the papacy from Avignon in France back to Rome.
* ''April 30'' -- '''Pope Pius V (Antonio Ghislieri)''' (1504-1572) [RC]: Dominican pope responsible for instituting the Council of Trent, which served to respond to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation with the Roman Catholic Church's own reformation.

to:

* ''April 25'' -- '''Mark the Evangelist''' '''Mark''' (d. 68): One of the earliest Christians and patron of Venice (where his alleged remains are said to be held) and Egypt (it is said he was the first bishop of Alexandria). Reputed to be a disciple of Saint Peter, from whom he wrote his account of the life of Jesus (which became one of Literature/TheFourGospels).
* ''April 28'' -- '''Peter Chanel''' (1803-1841) [RC]: French missionary to the Pacific islands, martyred in Futuna, and patron of Oceania.
* ''April 28'' -- '''Louis Grignion de Montfort''' (1673-1716) [RC]: French mystic and a prolific writer on the subject of various letters on the Virgin Mary.
* ''April 29'' -- '''Catherine of Siena''' (1347-1380) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Italian Dominican mystic and theologian; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe for her efforts to bring back the papacy from Avignon in France back to Rome.
* ''April 30'' -- '''Pope Pius V (Antonio Ghislieri)''' (1504-1572) [RC]: Dominican pope pontiff responsible for instituting the Council of Trent, which served to respond to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation with the Roman Catholic Church's own reformation.



* ''May 2'' -- '''Athanasius of Alexandria''' (296~298/373) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Alexandria best known for his ardent defense of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity against the Arians, and Christianity in general against persecutions, earning him the title "[[RedBaron Athanasius Against the World]]".
* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80) and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Angl. and Luth., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, and James a leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Both are declared patrons of Uruguay.

to:

* ''May 2'' -- '''Athanasius of Alexandria''' (296~298/373) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Alexandria best known for his ardent defense of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity against the Arians, and Christianity in general against persecutions, earning him the title "[[RedBaron Athanasius Against the World]]".
World]]". Generally credited with the recognition of the 27 books of the Christian canon, or New Testament, of ''Literature/TheBible''.
* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80) and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Angl. and Luth., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, Greece and James a eventually martyred in Hierapolis in Anatolia (near modern-day Denizli, Turkey), and is patron of Cape Verde and pastry chefs; James, meanwhile, served as leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Church in Jerusalem, and is patron of apothecaries. Both are also declared patrons of Uruguay.



* ''May 14'' -- '''Matthias the Apostle''' (d. 80 AD) [RC and Angl. / Orth., August 9 / Luth., February 24]: A later addition to the twelve apostles to fill in the place of the traitorous Judas Iscariot (who committed suicide shortly after handing Jesus over to his death).

to:

* ''May 14'' -- '''Matthias the Apostle''' '''Matthias''' (d. 80 AD) [RC and Angl. / Orth., August 9 / Luth., February 24]: [[TheSixthRanger A later addition addition]] to the twelve apostles to fill in the place of the traitorous Judas Iscariot (who committed suicide shortly after handing Jesus over to his death).death). Patron of tailors, carpenters and recovering alcoholics.



* ''May 20'' -- '''Bernardino of Siena''' (1380-1444) [RC]: Patron of advertisers and the public services sector. A Franciscar friar famous for his tracts.
* ''May 21'' -- '''Cristóbal Magallanes Jara''' (1869-1927) [RC]: Mexican priest and victim of summary execution on trumped-up charges of agitating the Cristeros, a rebellion of Catholic peasants amidst a nasty phase of state-sponsored anticlerical legislation.

to:

* ''May 20'' -- '''Bernardino of Siena''' (1380-1444) [RC]: Italian Franciscan friar famous for his tracts. Patron of advertisers and the public services sector. A Franciscar friar famous for his tracts.
sector.
* ''May 21'' -- '''Cristóbal Magallanes Jara''' (1869-1927) [RC]: Mexican priest and victim of summary execution priest, executed on trumped-up charges of agitating the Cristeros, a rebellion group of pious Catholic peasants amidst a nasty phase of state-sponsored anticlerical legislation.rebelling against state anti-clericalism.



* ''May 25'' -- '''Bede''' (673-735) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Benedictine abbot of Jarrow and one of the most eminent English historians.

to:

* ''May 25'' -- '''Bede''' (673-735) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Benedictine abbot of Jarrow in northeastern England and one of the most eminent English historians.



* ''May 25'' -- '''Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi''' (1566-1607) [RC]: Carmelite nun who suffered throughout her short life even amidst multiple mystical visions.
* ''May 26'' -- '''Philip Neri''' (1515-1595) [RC]: Founder of the Congregation of the Oratory for secular priests (i.e., those not belonging to any monastic order) and a reformer, as well as a patron of humor.

to:

* ''May 25'' -- '''Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi''' (1566-1607) [RC]: Italian Carmelite nun who suffered throughout her short life even amidst multiple mystical visions.
* ''May 26'' -- '''Philip Neri''' (1515-1595) [RC]: Founder Italian priest and founder of the Congregation of the Oratory (Oratorians) for secular priests (i.e., those not belonging to any monastic order) and a reformer, as well as a patron of humor.



* ''June 1'' -- '''Justin Martyr''' (100-165) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Early apologist (defender of religious tenets) who wrote several books for Emperor Antoninus Pius trying to convince him of the moral legitimacy of Christianity.

to:

* ''June 1'' -- '''Justin Martyr''' (100-165) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Early apologist (defender of religious tenets) who wrote several books for Emperor Antoninus Pius trying to convince him in defense of the moral legitimacy of Christianity.Christianity using tenets of classical philosophy.



* ''June 5'' -- '''Boniface''' (675-754) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: First archbishop of Mogontiacum (modern-day Mainz, Germany) and missionary to Germany, killed by bandits during a trip to Frisia.

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* ''June 5'' -- '''Boniface''' (675-754) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: First archbishop of Mogontiacum (modern-day Mainz, Germany) Mainz) and missionary to Germany, the Germans, killed by bandits during a trip to Frisia.



* ''June 11'' -- '''Barnabas''' (d. ~61): One of Saint Paul's companions and reputed planted the seeds of the Church in his native Cyprus. Generally counted as an apostle despite not being part of the original twelve (or the renewed group, with the death of Judas and his replacement by Matthias).

to:

* ''June 11'' -- '''Barnabas''' (d. ~61): One of Saint Paul's companions and reputed planted the seeds founder of the Church in his native Cyprus. Generally counted as an apostle despite not being part of the original twelve (or the renewed group, with the death of Judas and his replacement by Matthias).



* ''June 19'' -- '''Romuald''' (951-1027) [RC / Orth.]: Benedictine monk responsible for the revival of monasticism.

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* ''June 19'' -- '''Romuald''' (951-1027) [RC / Orth.]: Benedictine monk responsible for the revival of monasticism.monasticism and founder of the Camaldolese subgroup of monks and nuns.



* ''June 28'' -- '''Irenaeus''' (130-202): Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern-day Lyon, France) and a major source for what much of the world knows of UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}} through his polemical writings.

to:

* ''June 28'' -- '''Irenaeus''' (130-202): Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern-day Lyon, France) and martyr, as well as a major source for what much of the world knows of UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}} through his polemical writings.



** '''Peter''' (d. 64/68): Arguably the most notable of Jesus' twelve apostles, by way of his boisterous nature and eventual position of leadership in the post-Pentecost Church. Reputedly also served as leader of the Church in Rome, where he was eventually executed by being crucified upside-down (as per his request not to die like Jesus), and was honored by the Roman Catholic Church as the very first [[UsefulNotes/ThePope pope]].

to:

** '''Peter''' (d. 64/68): Arguably the most notable of Jesus' twelve apostles, by way of his boisterous nature and eventual position of leadership in the post-Pentecost Church. Reputedly also served as leader of the Church in Rome, where he was eventually executed by being crucified upside-down (as per his request not to die like Jesus), and was honored by the Roman Catholic Church as the very first [[UsefulNotes/ThePope pope]]. He is also patron of fishermen (having been one before joining Jesus), bakers, Rome, Las Vegas, Philadelphia and Saint Petersburg.



* ''July 3'' -- '''Thomas''' (d. 72): One of Jesus' twelve apostles, infamous for an episode of incredulity to the news of Jesus' resurrection until the latter personally appeared to him. Said to be the farthest-traveled of the apostles, reaching and being martyred in India, of which he is patron saint (as well as of Sri Lanka).

to:

* ''July 3'' -- '''Thomas''' (d. 72): One of Jesus' twelve apostles, infamous for an episode of incredulity to the news of Jesus' resurrection until the latter personally appeared to him. Said to be the farthest-traveled of the apostles, reaching and being martyred in India, of which he is patron saint (as well as of Sri Lanka).



* ''July 5'' -- '''Anthony Maria Zaccaria''' (1502-1539) [RC]: Founder of the Barnabite Order of priests, dedicated to reforming the Church in Milan, as well as later contribution to the Catholic Counter-Reformation.

to:

* ''July 5'' -- '''Anthony Maria Zaccaria''' (1502-1539) [RC]: Founder of the Barnabite Order of priests, dedicated to reforming the Church in Milan, as well as a later contribution to agent of the Catholic Counter-Reformation.



* ''July 11'' -- '''Benedict of Nursia''' (480-543) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Pioneer of Western monasticism, whose life and teachings inspired the creation of a confederacy of autonomous monastic groups adhering to his precepts. He is also one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe on account of his international fame.
* ''July 13'' -- '''Henry III''' (973-1024) [RC]: Ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and a Benedictine oblate who, together with his wife, Cunigunde of Luxembourg, led lives of chaste matrimony, holiness and charitable work.
* ''July 14'' -- '''Camillus de Lellis''' (1550-1614) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of hospitals, nurses and physicians, having founded the Ministers to the Infirm (or Camillian brothers) which served as shelters to the sick.
* ''July 15'' -- '''Bonaventure''' (1221-1274) [RC]: Franciscan theologian and philosopher, famed for his extensive body of works on many scholarly subjects.

to:

* ''July 11'' -- '''Benedict of Nursia''' (480-543) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Pioneer of Western monasticism, whose life and teachings inspired the creation of a confederacy of autonomous monastic groups adhering to his precepts. He is also one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe on account of his international fame.
lasting contributions to the growth of the medieval Church.
* ''July 13'' -- '''Henry III''' III, Holy Roman Emperor''' (973-1024) [RC]: Ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and a Benedictine oblate who, together with his wife, Cunigunde of Luxembourg, led lives of chaste matrimony, holiness and charitable work.
* ''July 14'' -- '''Camillus de Lellis''' (1550-1614) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of hospitals, nurses and physicians, having founded the Ministers to the Infirm (or Camillian brothers) which served as shelters (Camillans) to tend to the sick.
* ''July 15'' -- '''Bonaventure''' (1221-1274) [RC]: Italian Franciscan theologian and philosopher, famed for his extensive body of works on many scholarly subjects.



* ''July 25'' -- '''James, Son of Zebedee''' (d. 44): One of Jesus' twelve apostles and older brother of fellow apostle John. Revered as the patron of Spain (as well Nicaragua and Guatemala), with his reputed remains in the city of Santiago de Compostela in the northwestern Spanish region of Galicia being a focal point for epic pilgrimages since the 9th century.
* ''July 26'' -- '''Joachim''' and '''Anne''' (1st c. BC): Parents of the Virgin Mary according to apocryphal accounts. Both are revered as patrons of grandparents, on account of their advanced age when they bore Mary, with Anne in particular having a wider range of patronages, including Canada, Brittany, Detroit, and childless parents.
* ''July 29'' -- '''Martha''' (1st c.): A close friend and frequent host of Jesus during his visits to her native Bethany (together with her younger sister Mary and their older brother Lazarus), reputed dragon-slayer, and patron of housewives.

to:

* ''July 25'' -- '''James, Son of Zebedee''' (d. 44): 44) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., April 30]: One of Jesus' twelve apostles and older brother of fellow apostle John. Revered as the patron of Spain (as well Nicaragua and Guatemala), with his reputed remains in the city of Santiago de Compostela in the northwestern Spanish region of Galicia being a focal point for epic pilgrimages since the 9th century.
* ''July 26'' -- '''Joachim''' and '''Anne''' (1st c. BC): BC) [RC and Angl. / Orth., September 9 for Joachim): Parents of the Virgin Mary according to apocryphal accounts. Both are revered as patrons of grandparents, on account of their advanced age when they bore Mary, with Anne in particular having a wider range of patronages, including Canada, Brittany, Detroit, and childless parents.
* ''July 29'' -- '''Martha''' (1st c.): ) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., June 4]: A close friend and frequent host of Jesus during his visits to her native Bethany (together with her younger sister Mary and their older brother Lazarus), reputed dragon-slayer, and patron of housewives.



* ''July 31'' -- '''Ignatius of Loyola''' (1491-1556) [RC / Angl.]: Basque priest and founder of the Society of Jesus (or Jesuits), a missionary order that focuses on education and the order of the current Pope, Francis; patron of soldiers (having been one before finding his higher calling while recovering from a CareerEndingInjury) and spiritual retreats (on account of his writings on meditation and spiritual exercises).

to:

* ''July 31'' -- '''Ignatius of Loyola''' (1491-1556) [RC / Angl.]: Basque priest and founder of the Society of Jesus (or Jesuits), (Jesuits), a missionary order that focuses on education and the order of the current Pope, Francis; patron of soldiers (having been one before finding his higher spiritual calling while recovering from a CareerEndingInjury) and spiritual retreats (on account of his writings on meditation and spiritual exercises).



* ''August 3'' -- '''Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori''' (1696-1787) [RC]: Founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) and patron of confessors, stemming from his extensive body of work on meditations on the Blessed Virgin Mary.
* ''August 2'' -- '''Eusebius of Vercelli''' (283-371) [RC]: Bishop of Vercelli, between Milan and Turin, and an ally of Athanasius and Hillary of Poitiers in their defense of orthodox Christianity against Arianism.

to:

* ''August 3'' -- '''Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori''' (1696-1787) [RC]: Founder Italian bishop, founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) and patron of confessors, stemming from his extensive body of work on meditations on the Blessed Virgin Mary.
* ''August 2'' -- '''Eusebius of Vercelli''' (283-371) [RC]: Bishop of Vercelli, between Milan and Turin, and an ally of Athanasius and Hillary of Poitiers Hilary in their defense of orthodox Christianity against Arianism.



* ''August 3'' -- '''John Vianney''' (1786-1859) [RC]: Parish priest of Ars-sur-Formans in France and patron of parish priests, venerated for his tireless service to his community and contributing to its moral transformation.

to:

* ''August 3'' -- '''John Vianney''' (1786-1859) [RC]: Parish priest of Ars-sur-Formans in France French cleric and patron of parish priests, venerated revered for his tireless service to his community and the town of Ars-sur-Formans in France, contributing to its moral transformation.



* ''August 9'' -- '''Edith Stein (Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)''' (1891-1942) [RC]: German Jewish philosopher and later a Carmelite nun, executed during the Holocaust. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe as a victim of the violence of the twentieth century on account of her Christian ''and'' Jewish heritages.
* ''August 10'' -- '''Lawrence of Rome''' (225-258) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Protégés, treasurer, and the first deacon of Pope Sixtus II, executed three days after the Pope and his six fellow deacons, famously by being roasted alive, for refusing to hand over the treasury of the Church. Patron of the city of Rome, Canada, students, librarians, cooks, chefs, and comedians (by way of claiming the poor and destitute of Rome, to which he was assigned to take care of, as the true treasures of the Church, and later his GallowsHumor, sarcastically suggesting to his executioners to roll his body over once one side is burnt enough).

to:

* ''August 9'' -- '''Edith Stein (Teresa '''Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)''' Cross (Edith Stein)''' (1891-1942) [RC]: German Jewish philosopher and later a Carmelite nun, executed during the Holocaust. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe as a victim of the violence of the twentieth century on account of her Christian ''and'' Jewish heritages.
* ''August 10'' -- '''Lawrence of Rome''' (225-258) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Protégés, Protégé, treasurer, and the first deacon of Pope Sixtus II, executed three days after the Pope and his six fellow deacons, famously by being roasted alive, for refusing to hand over the treasury of the Church. Patron of the city of Rome, Canada, students, librarians, cooks, chefs, and comedians (by way of claiming the poor and destitute of Rome, to which he was assigned to take care of, as the true treasures of the Church, and later his GallowsHumor, sarcastically suggesting to his executioners to roll his body over once one side is burnt enough).



* ''August 13'' -- '''Pope Pontian''' and '''Hippolytus of Rome''' (d. 235) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Martyrs under Emperor Maximimus. Having been bitter enemies in life, the latter leading a schismatic group rivaling the faction of the Bishop of Rome, [[FireForgedFriends both men eventually reconciled while sentenced to hard labor in Sardinia]].
* ''August 14'' -- '''Maximilian Kolbe''' (1894-1941) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Polish Franciscan friar and a martyr of the Holocaust, having been imprisoned for sheltering Jews in his convents, and eventually committing a HeroicSacrifice by taking the place of a father [[DisproportionateRetribution sentenced to be one of ten men starved to death as punishment for the escape of a prisoner]]. Patron of prisoners, especially those of the political variant (by way of his anti-Nazi rhetoric).
* ''August 16'' -- '''King Stephen I of Hungary''' (975-1038) [RC / Orth.]: Founder of the Kingdom of Hungary, highly revered for his political and religious advocacy to unite the Hungarian people.

to:

* ''August 13'' -- '''Pope Pontian''' and '''Hippolytus of Rome''' (d. 235) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Martyrs under Emperor Maximimus. Having been bitter enemies in life, the latter leading the Greek-speaking Christians in Rome and later leading a schismatic group rivaling the faction that of the Bishop of Rome, former, [[FireForgedFriends both men eventually reconciled while sentenced to hard labor in Sardinia]].
* ''August 14'' -- '''Maximilian Kolbe''' (1894-1941) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Polish Franciscan friar and a martyr of the Holocaust, having been imprisoned sent to Auschwitz for his anti-Nazi rhetoric and sheltering Jews in his convents, and eventually committing a HeroicSacrifice by taking the place of a father [[DisproportionateRetribution sentenced to be one of ten men starved to death as punishment for the escape of a prisoner]]. Patron of prisoners, especially those of the political variant (by way of his anti-Nazi rhetoric).
variant.
* ''August 16'' -- '''King Stephen I of Hungary''' (975-1038) [RC / Orth.]: Founder of the Kingdom and patron of Hungary, highly revered for his political and religious advocacy to unite the Hungarian people.



* ''August 23'' -- '''Rose of Lima''' (1586-1617) [RC / Angl.]: The very first canonized saint from the Americas, a Dominican laywoman who spent her life in severe asceticism and charity work. Patron of her native Peru, Latin America in general and its indigenous peoples in particular, gardeners, florists, and a secondary patron of the Philippines (besides the Virgin Mary).
* ''August 24'' -- '''Bartholomew''' (c. 1st century): One of Jesus' twelve disciples, said to have spread the Gospel in Armenia and eventually executed by being flayed alive. Patron of Armenia, butchers and bookkeepers.

to:

* ''August 23'' -- '''Rose of Lima''' Lima (Isabel Flores de Oliva)''' (1586-1617) [RC / Angl.]: The very first canonized saint from born in the Americas, Americas; a Dominican laywoman who spent her life in severe asceticism and charity work. Patron of her native Peru, Latin America in general and its indigenous peoples in particular, gardeners, florists, gardeners and a secondary patron of the Philippines (besides the Virgin Mary).
florists.
* ''August 24'' -- '''Bartholomew''' (c. 1st century): century) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., June 11]: One of Jesus' twelve disciples, said to have spread the Gospel in Armenia and eventually executed by being flayed alive. Patron of Armenia, butchers and bookkeepers.



* ''August 28'' -- '''Augustine of Hippo''' (354-430) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria) and patron of North Africa, brewers, printers and theologians. He wrote extensively over his extremely hedonistic lifestyle before his conversion due to the efforts of his mother, Monica, as well as his advisor, Bishop Ambrose of Milan, eventually settling as a bishop who wrote more books on theology that would shape Western Christian thought for centuries to come.

to:

* ''August 28'' -- '''Augustine of Hippo''' (354-430) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria) and patron of North Africa, brewers, printers and theologians. He wrote extensively over his extremely hedonistic lifestyle before his conversion due to the efforts of his mother, Monica, as well as his advisor, Bishop Ambrose of Milan, eventually settling as a bishop who wrote more himself, writing books on theology that would shape Western Christian thought for centuries to come.



* ''September 3'' -- '''Pope Gregory I (the Great)''' (540-604) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: A scion of politicians who used both his experiences as prefect and monk to lead the Church efficiently. Besides writing a lot of books (more than any other pope ever since), he helped establish a school system of education (in contrast to apprenticeship of centuries past), reformed Christian liturgy, and initiated a massive missionary effort to Britain. Patron of teachers, musicians and singers, on account of having reputedly invented [[OminousLatinChanting Gregorian chant]].

to:

* ''September 3'' -- '''Pope Gregory I (the Great)''' (540-604) [RC / Orth. / , Angl. / and Luth.]: , March 12]: A scion of politicians nobleman who used both his experiences as prefect and monk to lead the Church efficiently. Besides writing a lot of books (more than any other pope ever since), he helped establish a school system of education (in contrast to apprenticeship of centuries past), reformed Christian liturgy, and initiated a massive missionary effort to Britain. Patron of teachers, musicians and singers, on account of having reputedly invented [[OminousLatinChanting Gregorian chant]].



* ''September 17'' -- '''Robert Bellarmine''' (1542-1621) [RC]: Italian Jesuit bishop and a leading figure in the Counter-Reformation, as well as participating in the Inquisition, in particular holding the cases of Giordano Bruno and Galileo Galilei on account of their support for the heliocentric Copernican model of the solar system.
* ''September 19'' -- '''Januarius''' (d. 305) [RC / Orth.]: First bishop of Benevento and martyr under Emperor Diocletian. Patron of Naples and blood banks (said city holds a vial of what is thought to be his coagulated blood which liquefies thrice a year).
* ''September 20'' -- '''Andrew Kim Taegon''' (1821-1846), '''Paul Chong Hasang''' (1794-1839) and the '''Martyrs of Korea''' [RC / Angl.]: 103 of the first victims of persecution in Korea, in a clash of philosophies between Christian egalitarianism and Korea's traditional Confucian social hierarchy.
* ''September 21'' -- '''Matthew''': One of Jesus' twelve disciples and one of his four biographers. Patron of bankers, tax collectors and accountant, by way of his former profession as tax collector to the Romans, a much-despised profession that made him a traitor to his fellow Jews' eyes before Jesus recruited him.

to:

* ''September 17'' -- '''Robert Bellarmine''' (1542-1621) [RC]: Italian Jesuit bishop and a leading figure in the Counter-Reformation, as well as participating in the Inquisition, an Inquisitor, in particular holding handling the cases of Giordano Bruno and Galileo Galilei on account of their support for the heliocentric Copernican model of the solar system.
* ''September 19'' -- '''Januarius''' (d. 305) [RC / Orth.]: First bishop of Benevento Benevento, northeast of Naples, and martyr under Emperor Diocletian. Patron of Naples and blood banks (said city holds a vial of what is thought to be his coagulated blood which liquefies thrice a year).
* ''September 20'' -- '''Andrew Kim Taegon''' (1821-1846), '''Paul Chong Hasang''' (1794-1839) and the '''Martyrs of Korea''' [RC / Angl.]: 103 Two of the first victims martyrs of persecution the Church in Korea, in Korea during a clash time of philosophies conflict between Christian egalitarianism and Korea's traditional Confucian philosophy of social hierarchy.
hierarchy. The former was the first ordained Korean priest; the latter, a layman.
* ''September 21'' -- '''Matthew''': '''Matthew''' (c. 1st century) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., November 16]: One of Jesus' twelve disciples and one of his four biographers. Patron of bankers, tax collectors and accountant, by way of his former profession as tax collector to the Romans, a much-despised profession that made him a traitor to his fellow Jews' eyes before Jesus recruited him.



* ''September 28'' -- '''Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia''' (907-935) [RC / Orth.]: Nobleman famous for his benevolent rule and his tragic death at the hands of his own brother, Duke Boleslaus I (who later deeply regretted the fratricide). Patron of Prague, Bohemia and the Czech Republic.
* ''September 28'' -- '''Lorenzo Ruiz''' (1600-1637) [RC]: Filipino altar boy and member of an ill-fated Dominican mission to Japan, where he was executed for his unwavering faith. Patron of his native Philippines, migrant workers and the poor.
* ''Setpember 29'' -- '''Michael''', '''Gabriel''' and '''Raphael''', Archangels
** '''Michael''' [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., November 8 (new calendar) or 21 (old calendar)]: General of God's armies and KnightInShiningArmor extraordinaire. Chief guardian of the Church and patron of police officers, soldiers, mariners, paratroopers, firefighters, paramedics, Germany, France, Ukraine, Brussels and Kiev.
** '''Gabriel''' [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., November 8]: Messenger of God who informed Mary that she was pregnant with Jesus. Patron of telecommunications workers, radio broadcasters, messengers, ambassadors and diplomats.
** '''Raphael''' [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: An angel introduced in ''Tobit'' (a book deemed canonical in Roman Catholic and Orthodox versions of ''UsefulNotes/TheBible'', and deemed apocryphal elsewhere) and a traveling healer. Patron of travelers, apothecaries and blind people.
* ''September 30'' -- '''Jerome''' (347-420) [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., June 15]: Hermit famous for his herculean feat of translating the entirety of ''Literature/TheBible'' from Hebrew and Greek into Latin, which was compiled as the "Vulgate", as well as commentaries on the Gospels. Patron of biblical scholars, archeologists, translators, archivists and librarians.



* Saint Jerome, patron saint of translators - with good reason; that he translated the Bible (which, whatever one may think of it or the beliefs described therein, is an extremely complex, long and culturally detailed book) would already be quite a feat even WITH computers and translation memory software and so on; imagine [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome WITHOUT, BY HAND]]. Considered to be one of the fathers of the Church for that precise reason.



* Saint Michael the Archangel, highly regarded for being a KnightInShiningArmour and general of God's army. Patron saint of police officers.
** The Church also recognizes two other Archangels and designates them as saints along with Michael: Gabriel, the messenger angel who informed Mary that she was pregnant with the Messiah, and Raphael, featured in the Book of Tobit [[note]]which is found only in the Catholic Bible, and in the Apocrypha[[/note]], who is associated with healers and the protection of travelers.
24th Feb '17 5:22:10 AM zero5889
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* ''May 27'' -- '''Augustine of Canterbury''' (d. ~604) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Benedictine priest and very first bishop of Britain.

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* ''May 27'' -- '''Augustine of Canterbury''' (d. ~604) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Benedictine priest and very first bishop of Britain.Britain, sent by Pope Gregory I as part of a massive missionary effort.



* ''July 24'' -- '''Charbel Makhlouf''' (1828-1898) [RC]: Lebanese hermit and one of the few saints recognized from the Maronite Church, an Eastern Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with the Western Church while retaining its particular rite) unique to Lebanon and its diaspora.

to:

* ''July 24'' -- '''Charbel Makhlouf''' (1828-1898) [RC]: Lebanese hermit and one of the few saints recognized from the Maronite Church, an Eastern Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with the Western Church while retaining its particular rite) rite, of which there is an abundance throughout the eastern Mediterranean) unique to Lebanon and its diaspora.



* ''August 7'' -- '''Pope Sixtus II''' (d. 258) [RC]: Martyred under Emperor Valerian with six of his deacons. Also known for reconciling with the African and Byzantine churches after the rift caused by the Novatian schism, which rejected returning lapsed Christians who went back on their vows during the persecutions of Emperor Decius.

to:

* ''August 7'' -- '''Pope Sixtus II''' (d. 258) [RC]: Martyred under Emperor Valerian with six of his deacons. Also known for reconciling with the African and Byzantine churches after the rift caused by the Novatian schism, which rejected returning lapsed readmission of Christians who went back on their vows forced to lapse during the persecutions of Emperor Decius.persecution without re-baptism.



* ''August 20'' -- '''Bernard of Clairvaux''' (1090-1153) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: French abbot and reformer of the Cistercians, an order of monks adhering to a stricter form of Saint Benedict's rules for monastic life, later participating in UsefulNotes/TheCrusades as spiritual advisor. Patron of Burgundy, Gibraltar and the Knights Templar.
* ''August 21'' -- '''Pope Pius X (Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto)''' (1835-1914) [RC]: Conservative pontiff known for his opposition to modernist interpretations of Roman Catholic doctrine, but also for his charitable work. Patron of first-time communicants, catechists and Atlanta.
* ''August 23'' -- '''Rose of Lima''' (1586-1617) [RC / Angl.]: The very first canonized saint from the Americas, a Dominican laywoman who spent her life in severe asceticism and charity work. Patron of her native Peru, Latin America in general and its indigenous peoples in particular, gardeners, florists, and a secondary patron of the Philippines (besides the Virgin Mary).
* ''August 24'' -- '''Bartholomew''' (c. 1st century): One of Jesus' twelve disciples, said to have spread the Gospel in Armenia and eventually executed by being flayed alive. Patron of Armenia, butchers and bookkeepers.
* ''August 25'' -- '''King Louis IX of France''' (1214-1270) [RC / Angl.]: The only sainted French royalty, being a Franciscan layman whose Christian convictions influenced his policies. Patron of France and New Orleans.
* ''August 25'' -- '''Joseph Calasanz''' (1557-1648) [RC]: Spanish priest and founder of the Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools (Piarists), the oldest Roman Catholic order dedicated to education and patron of all Roman Catholic schools.
* ''August 27'' -- '''Monica''' (322-387) [RC and Angl. / Orth. and Luth., May 4]: Mother of Saint Augustine, responsible for helping her son return to orthodox Christianity from a life of hedonism. Patron of people suffering from difficult family situations.
* ''August 28'' -- '''Augustine of Hippo''' (354-430) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Bishop of Hippo Regius (modern-day Annaba, Algeria) and patron of North Africa, brewers, printers and theologians. He wrote extensively over his extremely hedonistic lifestyle before his conversion due to the efforts of his mother, Monica, as well as his advisor, Bishop Ambrose of Milan, eventually settling as a bishop who wrote more books on theology that would shape Western Christian thought for centuries to come.



* Saint Augustine of Hippo, a bishop from North Africa (back when it was ruled by Rome) whose writings were of such brilliance and influence that he is now a Doctor of the Church. He wrote extensively about [[TheHedonist his fun-loving, hedonistic early life,]] when he devoutly prayed, "Lord, make me chaste and pure, but not just yet." His ''Confessions'' and intense examination of his own spirit and mind make him in some respects the father of the modern biography. Patronage includes [[TheSmartGuy theologians,]] brewers, and Connecticut.
** His conversion to Christianity later in life was thanks to [[EvenBadMenLoveTheirMamas his mother,]] who never stopped praying and hoping that her son would reform and reach his true potential. She is, in fact, a saint in her own right - Saint Monica, patroness of victims of DomesticAbuse and many forms of family trouble.

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[[folder:September]]
* Saint Augustine ''September 3'' -- '''Pope Gregory I (the Great)''' (540-604) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: A scion of Hippo, politicians who used both his experiences as prefect and monk to lead the Church efficiently. Besides writing a lot of books (more than any other pope ever since), he helped establish a school system of education (in contrast to apprenticeship of centuries past), reformed Christian liturgy, and initiated a massive missionary effort to Britain. Patron of teachers, musicians and singers, on account of having reputedly invented [[OminousLatinChanting Gregorian chant]].
* ''September 9'' -- '''Peter Claver''' (1580-1654): Catalan Jesuit priest and missionary to Colombia, revered for his love for and defense of rights of slaves. Patron of Colombia, slaves, seafarers, and ministry to African Americans.
* ''September 13'' -- '''John Chrysostom''' (349-407) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Archbishop of Constantinople and a prominent figure of the post-apostolic Church, famed for his sermons and gift of eloquence, for which he earned the title "Chrysostom" (literally, "golden-mouthed"). Patron of public speakers and Istanbul, as well as the namesake of a prominent liturgical rite among the Eastern Orthodox Churches.
* ''September 16'' -- '''Pope Cornelius''' (d. 253) and '''Cyprian''' (200-258) [RC / Orth.]: Bishops of Rome and Carthage, respectively, who dealt with the Novatian opposition to readmitting lapsed Christians.
* ''September 17'' -- '''Robert Bellarmine''' (1542-1621) [RC]: Italian Jesuit
bishop from North Africa (back when it was ruled by Rome) whose writings were of such brilliance and influence that he is now a Doctor leading figure in the Counter-Reformation, as well as participating in the Inquisition, in particular holding the cases of Giordano Bruno and Galileo Galilei on account of their support for the heliocentric Copernican model of the Church. He wrote extensively about [[TheHedonist solar system.
* ''September 19'' -- '''Januarius''' (d. 305) [RC / Orth.]: First bishop of Benevento and martyr under Emperor Diocletian. Patron of Naples and blood banks (said city holds a vial of what is thought to be
his fun-loving, hedonistic early life,]] when he devoutly prayed, "Lord, make me chaste coagulated blood which liquefies thrice a year).
* ''September 20'' -- '''Andrew Kim Taegon''' (1821-1846), '''Paul Chong Hasang''' (1794-1839)
and pure, but not just yet." His ''Confessions'' and intense examination of his own spirit and mind make him in some respects the father '''Martyrs of Korea''' [RC / Angl.]: 103 of the modern biography. Patronage includes [[TheSmartGuy theologians,]] brewers, and Connecticut.
** His conversion to Christianity later in life was thanks to [[EvenBadMenLoveTheirMamas his mother,]] who never stopped praying and hoping that her son would reform and reach his true potential. She is, in fact, a saint in her own right - Saint Monica, patroness of
first victims of DomesticAbuse persecution in Korea, in a clash of philosophies between Christian egalitarianism and many forms Korea's traditional Confucian social hierarchy.
* ''September 21'' -- '''Matthew''': One
of family trouble. Jesus' twelve disciples and one of his four biographers. Patron of bankers, tax collectors and accountant, by way of his former profession as tax collector to the Romans, a much-despised profession that made him a traitor to his fellow Jews' eyes before Jesus recruited him.
* ''September 23'' -- '''(Padre) Pio of Pietrelcina''' (1887-1968) [RC]: Italian Capuchin friar and mystic, famous for bearing the ''stigmata'' (wounds of Jesus on his hands and feet) throughout his life. Patron of civil defense volunteers and people under stress.
* ''September 26'' -- '''Cosmas and Damian''' (d. 287) [RC / Orth.]: Twin brothers and martyrs from Aegeae (modern-day Yumurtalık, Turkey). Famous for their volunteer medical work, for which they are revered as patrons of surgeons, physicians, pharmacists and dentists.
* ''September 27'' -- '''Vincent de Paul''' (1581-1660) [RC / Angl.]: French priest and founder of the Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians or Lazarists), famed for his charitable work to the poor.
[[/folder]]
18th Feb '17 9:53:07 AM zero5889
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Added DiffLines:

[[folder:August]]
* ''August 3'' -- '''Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori''' (1696-1787) [RC]: Founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) and patron of confessors, stemming from his extensive body of work on meditations on the Blessed Virgin Mary.
* ''August 2'' -- '''Eusebius of Vercelli''' (283-371) [RC]: Bishop of Vercelli, between Milan and Turin, and an ally of Athanasius and Hillary of Poitiers in their defense of orthodox Christianity against Arianism.
* ''August 2'' -- '''Peter Julian Eymard''' (1811-1868) [RC]: French priest and advocate of the adoration of the Holy Eucharist (a small piece of unleavened bread which symbolizes the body of Jesus offered to humanity as forgiveness of their sins).
* ''August 3'' -- '''John Vianney''' (1786-1859) [RC]: Parish priest of Ars-sur-Formans in France and patron of parish priests, venerated for his tireless service to his community and contributing to its moral transformation.
* ''August 7'' -- '''Pope Sixtus II''' (d. 258) [RC]: Martyred under Emperor Valerian with six of his deacons. Also known for reconciling with the African and Byzantine churches after the rift caused by the Novatian schism, which rejected returning lapsed Christians who went back on their vows during the persecutions of Emperor Decius.
* ''August 7'' -- '''Cajetan''' (1480-1547) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of the unemployed and gamblers, having founded a bank for the poor of Naples as an alternative to loan sharks; also, patron of Argentina.
* ''August 8'' -- '''Dominic''' (1170-1221) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Castilian priest and founder of the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), which helped spread Christianity and scholasticism during the Middle Ages. Also the patron of astronomers as well as the Dominican Republic.
* ''August 9'' -- '''Edith Stein (Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)''' (1891-1942) [RC]: German Jewish philosopher and later a Carmelite nun, executed during the Holocaust. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe as a victim of the violence of the twentieth century on account of her Christian ''and'' Jewish heritages.
* ''August 10'' -- '''Lawrence of Rome''' (225-258) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Protégés, treasurer, and the first deacon of Pope Sixtus II, executed three days after the Pope and his six fellow deacons, famously by being roasted alive, for refusing to hand over the treasury of the Church. Patron of the city of Rome, Canada, students, librarians, cooks, chefs, and comedians (by way of claiming the poor and destitute of Rome, to which he was assigned to take care of, as the true treasures of the Church, and later his GallowsHumor, sarcastically suggesting to his executioners to roll his body over once one side is burnt enough).
* ''August 11'' -- '''Clare of Assisi''' (1194-1253) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (now known as the Poor Clares), a monastic order for women inspired by that founded by her compatriot Saint Francis. Patron of television, having had a vision of Mass being celebrated while she was bedridden with an illness.
* ''August 12'' -- '''Jane Frances de Chantal''' (1572-1641) [RC]: French baroness-turned-nun, widowed after a short but fruitful marriage, and a friend of Saint Francis de Sales, with whom she founded the Congregation of the Visitation for women rejected by other orders due to illness or age, for which she was declared patron of forgotten people.
* ''August 13'' -- '''Pope Pontian''' and '''Hippolytus of Rome''' (d. 235) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Martyrs under Emperor Maximimus. Having been bitter enemies in life, the latter leading a schismatic group rivaling the faction of the Bishop of Rome, [[FireForgedFriends both men eventually reconciled while sentenced to hard labor in Sardinia]].
* ''August 14'' -- '''Maximilian Kolbe''' (1894-1941) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Polish Franciscan friar and a martyr of the Holocaust, having been imprisoned for sheltering Jews in his convents, and eventually committing a HeroicSacrifice by taking the place of a father [[DisproportionateRetribution sentenced to be one of ten men starved to death as punishment for the escape of a prisoner]]. Patron of prisoners, especially those of the political variant (by way of his anti-Nazi rhetoric).
* ''August 16'' -- '''King Stephen I of Hungary''' (975-1038) [RC / Orth.]: Founder of the Kingdom of Hungary, highly revered for his political and religious advocacy to unite the Hungarian people.
* ''August 19'' -- '''John Eudes''' (1601-1680) [RC]: French priest and mystic, as well as an advocate of the veneration of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, celebrated currently on, respectively, the Friday and Saturday after the second Sunday after Pentecost.
[[/folder]]
14th Feb '17 3:10:42 AM zero5889
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* ''April 7'' -- '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.

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* ''April 7'' -- '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron French priest, educator and patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.



[[folder:July]]
* ''July 3'' -- '''Thomas''' (d. 72): One of Jesus' twelve apostles, infamous for an episode of incredulity to the news of Jesus' resurrection until the latter personally appeared to him. Said to be the farthest-traveled of the apostles, reaching and being martyred in India, of which he is patron saint (as well as of Sri Lanka).
* ''July 4'' -- '''Elizabeth of Portugal''' (1271-1336) [RC]: Franciscan layperson and queen consort of Portugal who spent her life as a widow doing charitable work to the less fortunate of her realm.
* ''July 5'' -- '''Anthony Maria Zaccaria''' (1502-1539) [RC]: Founder of the Barnabite Order of priests, dedicated to reforming the Church in Milan, as well as later contribution to the Catholic Counter-Reformation.
* ''July 6'' -- '''Maria Goretti''' (1890-1902) [RC]: Patron of victims of rape and crime in general, having died forgiving her attempted rapist and eventual killer.
* ''July 9'' -- '''Martyrs of China''' [RC]: A commemoration of Christians killed from the 16th century onwards. In particular, Roman Catholics venerate '''Augustine Zhao Rong''' (d. 1815), a diocesan priest.
* ''July 11'' -- '''Benedict of Nursia''' (480-543) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Pioneer of Western monasticism, whose life and teachings inspired the creation of a confederacy of autonomous monastic groups adhering to his precepts. He is also one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe on account of his international fame.
* ''July 13'' -- '''Henry III''' (973-1024) [RC]: Ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and a Benedictine oblate who, together with his wife, Cunigunde of Luxembourg, led lives of chaste matrimony, holiness and charitable work.
* ''July 14'' -- '''Camillus de Lellis''' (1550-1614) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of hospitals, nurses and physicians, having founded the Ministers to the Infirm (or Camillian brothers) which served as shelters to the sick.
* ''July 15'' -- '''Bonaventure''' (1221-1274) [RC]: Franciscan theologian and philosopher, famed for his extensive body of works on many scholarly subjects.
* ''July 20'' -- '''Apollinaris of Ravenna''' (1st c.) [RC]: Patron saint of epileptics and gout sufferers; reputedly vested by Saint Peter himself, Apollinaris served as a Church leader until his execution during the persecutions of Emperor Nero.
* ''July 21'' -- '''Lawrence of Brindisi''' (1559-1619) [RC / Orth.]: Capuchin friar and theologian, who was not only active during the Counter-Reformation, but also [[ChurchMilitant during the defense of Hungary against the Ottomans]].
* ''July 22'' -- '''Mary Magdalene''' (1st c.): One of Jesus' most notable female disciples and one of the first witnesses to his resurrection. Mentioned in the Gospel of Luke as having been healed by Jesus of her possession by seven demons, later commentators interpreted this as her having led a sinful life (or even a prostitute), later spending the rest of her life [[TheAtoner in mournful repentance]]. Popularly depicted with RapunzelHair and perfume bottle, and is the patron of [[HookerWithAHeartOfGold prostitutes]], converts, and those who live a contemplative life.
* ''July 23'' -- '''Bridget of Sweden''' (1303-1373) [RC / Luth.]: Founder of the Order of the Most Holy Savior, a religious order open to men and women alike, and patron of her native Sweden, as well as Europe in general, on account of her mystical visions and pilgrimages.
* ''July 24'' -- '''Charbel Makhlouf''' (1828-1898) [RC]: Lebanese hermit and one of the few saints recognized from the Maronite Church, an Eastern Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with the Western Church while retaining its particular rite) unique to Lebanon and its diaspora.
* ''July 25'' -- '''James, Son of Zebedee''' (d. 44): One of Jesus' twelve apostles and older brother of fellow apostle John. Revered as the patron of Spain (as well Nicaragua and Guatemala), with his reputed remains in the city of Santiago de Compostela in the northwestern Spanish region of Galicia being a focal point for epic pilgrimages since the 9th century.
* ''July 26'' -- '''Joachim''' and '''Anne''' (1st c. BC): Parents of the Virgin Mary according to apocryphal accounts. Both are revered as patrons of grandparents, on account of their advanced age when they bore Mary, with Anne in particular having a wider range of patronages, including Canada, Brittany, Detroit, and childless parents.
* ''July 29'' -- '''Martha''' (1st c.): A close friend and frequent host of Jesus during his visits to her native Bethany (together with her younger sister Mary and their older brother Lazarus), reputed dragon-slayer, and patron of housewives.
* ''July 30'' -- '''Peter Chrysologus''' (380-450) [RC / Orth.]: Bishop of Ravenna, famed for his many homilies (spiritual lessons during Mass).
* ''July 31'' -- '''Ignatius of Loyola''' (1491-1556) [RC / Angl.]: Basque priest and founder of the Society of Jesus (or Jesuits), a missionary order that focuses on education and the order of the current Pope, Francis; patron of soldiers (having been one before finding his higher calling while recovering from a CareerEndingInjury) and spiritual retreats (on account of his writings on meditation and spiritual exercises).
[[/folder]]



* Saint Martha (of Bethany). Patron saint of housewives, because Jesus visited her frequently (along with her sister Mary and her brother Lazarus), and when they did, Martha was always the generous hostess while her siblings listened and learned. Also legendarily attributed with having killed a dragon.
* Saint Mary Magdalene, a close student of Jesus, and among the first to witness the Resurrection. The Gospel of Luke says that Jesus drove [[RuleOfSeven seven demons]] out of her. Later commentators decided that this meant that Mary Magdalene "must" have been a [[SevenDeadlySins sinful woman]] who spent her entire post-Christ career in [[TheAtoner mournful repentance]]. If you see her as the prostitute who washed Jesus' feet with her tears and perfume, and then dried His feet with her hair, that's more like Biblical {{Fanon}} than {{Canon}}. Still, her RapunzelHair and perfume bottle are her most recognizable attributes, and she's the patron saint of [[HookerWithAHeartOfGold prostitutes]], converts, and those who live a contemplative life.
** There is an apocryphal, fragmentary Gospel of Mary Magdalene, in which Mary of Magdala is an exalted mystic, and had a special (undefined) relationship with Jesus.
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