History UsefulNotes / PatronSaints

19th Mar '18 1:38:47 AM zero5889
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!!!Advent and Christmastide

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!!!Advent !!Advent and Christmastide



* ''Sunday between 26 and 31 December (or 30 December if no Sunday falls on the aforementioned dates)'' -- '''Holy Family''' (RC, 2)\\

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* ''Sunday between 26 and 31 December (or 30 December if no Sunday falls on the aforementioned dates)'' -- '''Holy Family''' (RC, (R.C., 2)\\



* ''6 January'' -- '''Epiphany of the Lord''' (R.C., 1; Angl., 1; Luth., 1) / '''Theophany of the Lord''' (Orth., 1)

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* ''6 January'' -- '''Epiphany of the Lord''' (R.C., 1; Angl., 1; Luth., 1) / '''Theophany of the Lord''' (Orth., 1)1)\\



!!!Fixed Days after Christmastide and/or within Lent

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!!!Fixed !!Fixed Days after Christmastide and/or within Lent



!!!Lent and Easter

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!!!Lent !!Lent and Easter



* ''46 days or seventh Wednesday before Easter Sunday; 40 days before Palm Sunday'' -- '''Ash Wednesday'''

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* ''46 days or seventh Wednesday before Easter Sunday; 40 days before Palm Sunday'' -- '''Ash Wednesday'''Wednesday''' (R.C., 1; Angl., 1; Luth., 1)\\
The start of the Lenten season, when Christians are encouraged to contemplate on their sins and ask forgiveness from God, many Western Christian sects hold a tradition of rubbing ashes of palm leaves used during last year's Palm Sunday onto the foreheads of the faithful on this day. While not celebrated, Eastern Christians nevertheless mark this day as the start of a forty-day fasting season. Held between 4 February and 10 March.
* ''Sunday before Easter'' -- '''Palm Sunday''' (R.C., 1; Orth., 1; Angl., 2; Luth., 2)\\
This day marks the start of Holy Week, and celebrates the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem days before his crucifixion, which his followers marked by waving palm leaves in his presence. In the Western Churches, Gospel accounts of the Passion are also read. Held between 15 March and 18 April.
* ''Thursday before Easter'' -- '''Maundy Thursday'''\\
A commemoration of Jesus's last Passover meal with his apostles before his arrest and execution.
* ''Friday before Easter'' -- '''Good Friday'''\\
A solemn day of mourning, commemorating the sacrificial death of Jesus



The most important day in the Christian calendar

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The most important day in the Christian calendar
calendar. Held between 22 March and 25 April.
16th Mar '18 4:51:57 PM nombretomado
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* Should you ever need an intercessor fast while editing ThisVeryWiki, another saint who can help is Saint Clare of Assisi, the patron saint of television. The legend goes that one day she was lying too ill to attend Mass, but by a miracle was permitted to see and hear the service as if displayed on the wall of her room. She is also prayed to for help with telegraphs, telephones, and to ensure nice weather. And if you're wondering, yes, [[EveryoneWentToSchoolTogether she knew St. Francis of Assisi,]] in fact they were close friends and colleagues.

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* Should you ever need an intercessor fast while editing ThisVeryWiki, Wiki/ThisVeryWiki, another saint who can help is Saint Clare of Assisi, the patron saint of television. The legend goes that one day she was lying too ill to attend Mass, but by a miracle was permitted to see and hear the service as if displayed on the wall of her room. She is also prayed to for help with telegraphs, telephones, and to ensure nice weather. And if you're wondering, yes, [[EveryoneWentToSchoolTogether she knew St. Francis of Assisi,]] in fact they were close friends and colleagues.
15th Mar '18 6:19:40 AM zero5889
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Added DiffLines:

The holiest seasons in the Christian Year are highly movable, and are based on the position of Easter Sunday in the common year. In theory, Easter Sunday is defined as the first Sunday after the first full moon after the northern vernal equinox (21 March). In practice, however, the date is based on an incredibly complex set of calculations designed as to lessen dependency on the astronomical full moon.
14th Mar '18 4:17:10 AM zero5889
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[[folder:Jesus Christ]]

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[[folder:Jesus Christ]][[folder:Notes on the Church Year (Jesus Christ)]]
13th Mar '18 1:51:52 AM zero5889
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''Note:'' The list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church. "RC" stands for the Roman Catholic Church, "Orth." for Orthodox churches in general, "Angl." for the Anglican Communion, and "Luth." for various Lutheran churches.

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''Note:'' The ->'''Note:''' Besides the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Apostles (and other biblical-era saints), this list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church. "RC" stands for In descending order of importance, saints' feasts in the Roman Catholic Church, "Orth." for Church (R.C.) are ranked Solemnity (1), Feast (2), Obligatory Memorial (3), and Optional Memorial (4); in the Eastern Orthodox churches Churches (Orth.), Great Feast (1) and Feast (2); among in general, "Angl." for the Anglican Communion, Communion (Angl.), Principal Feast/Holy Day (1), Feast (2), Lesser Feast (3), and "Luth." for various Commemoration (4); and in the Evangelical Lutheran churches.
Church in America (ELCA) and the Lutheran ChurchĖMissouri Synod (LCMS), the only two Lutheran (Luth.) sects known to observe saints' feasts, Feast (1), regular Sunday (2), Lesser Feast (3), and Commemoration (4). Square brackets denote differences between general and local observances. It should also be noted that dates observed by the Eastern Orthodox Churches are based on the Julian calendar, thus as of 2018 the actual observances are thirteen days ahead of the Western Churches.

[[folder:Jesus Christ]]
Though technically not a saint, holy days revolving around UsefulNotes/JesusChrist are included here because by default they take precedence over all other feast days. This includes all Sundays (with some elevated even further), celebrating the weekday of Jesus's resurrection, as well as a few weekdays and fixed days.
!!!Advent and Christmastide
* ''Sunday between 27 November and 3 December'' -- '''Advent Sunday''' (R.C., 2; Angl., 1; Luth., 2)\\
Also described as the "Sunday nearest the feast of St. Andrew [30 November]" or the "fourth Sunday before Christmas", this day marks the beginning of both the Advent season and the Western Church Year, when the faithful are encouraged to prepare for the celebration of the birth of Christ and anticipate his Second Coming at the end of time.
* ''25 December'' -- '''Nativity of the Lord (Christmas)''' (R.C., 1; Orth., 1; Angl., 1; Luth., 1)\\
Perhaps the most popular (though not the holiest) day in the Church calendar, so much so it has even taken root in countries of a more secular, or at least non-Christian, leaning (probably because it is held near the end of the common year), this day celebrates the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem (in modern-day West Bank, Palestine). This day is also the beginning of the first half of Christmastide, twelve days of celebration which lasts until 5 January.
* ''Sunday between 26 and 31 December (or 30 December if no Sunday falls on the aforementioned dates)'' -- '''Holy Family''' (RC, 2)\\
A celebration of Jesus, his biological mother Mary, and his legal father Joseph as the role model for Christian families. Under this title they are the patrons of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
* ''6 January'' -- '''Epiphany of the Lord''' (R.C., 1; Angl., 1; Luth., 1) / '''Theophany of the Lord''' (Orth., 1)
Celebrated at the end of the first half of Christmastide (and the beginning of the second half, or "Epiphanytide"), this day celebrates the revelation of the toddler Jesus as God Incarnate to three astrologers who came to worship him.
* ''Sunday following 6 January'' -- '''Baptism of the Lord''' (RC, 2; Angl., 2; Luth., 1; Orth., same as Epiphany)\\
Celebrating Jesus's baptism by his second-degree cousin John (the Baptist) on the banks of the River Jordan to signify the start of his ministry, this day marks the end of the Advent/Christmastide season.
!!!Fixed Days after Christmastide and/or within Lent
* ''2 February'' -- '''Presentation of the Lord (Candlemas)''' (R.C., 2; Orth., 1; Angl., 2; Luth., 3)\\
Held forty days after Christmas, this day commemorates the infant Jesus's presentation to the Temple in Jerusalem for blessing (as well as the ritual purification of Mary, as in Jewish custom women are barred from public worship for forty days post-partum).
* ''25 March'' -- '''Annunciation of the Lord (Lady Day)''' (R.C., 1; Orth., 1; Angl., 1 [England/Canada], 2 [USA/Australia])\\
Held exactly nine months before Christmas, this day celebrates the appearance of the Archangel Gabriel before Mary, announcing that God has chosen her to bear Jesus. Until the introduction of the Gregorian calendar, 25 March was considered New Year's Day.
!!!Lent and Easter
* ''46 days or seventh Wednesday before Easter Sunday; 40 days before Palm Sunday'' -- '''Ash Wednesday'''
* '''Easter Sunday''' (RC, 1)\\
The most important day in the Christian calendar

[[/folder]]



* '''15 August: Assumption''' -- Arguably the oldest feast day dedicated to Mary, celebrating her ascension to glory at the end of her mortal life (Roman Catholics state she was elevated body and soul, the Orthodox state she died peacefully). Under this title she is the patron of ''many'' places (Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, East Timor, France, Gabon, Greece, Georgia (Eurasia), Republic of Guinea, Haiti, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro (Albanian Catholics), Paraguay, Poland (Polish Army Day), Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tahiti, Togo, and Vanuatu).

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* '''15 August: Assumption''' ''15 August'' -- Arguably '''Assumption of Mary''' (RC, 1) / '''Dormition of the Theotokos''' (EO, 1) / '''Mary the Virgin''' (AC, 2; ELCA/LCMCS, 2)\\
One of
the oldest feast day days dedicated to Mary, celebrating commemorating her ascension to glory at the end of her mortal life (Roman Catholics state she was elevated body and soul, the Orthodox state she died peacefully). life. Under this title she is the patron of ''many'' places (Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, East Timor, France, Gabon, Greece, Georgia (Eurasia), Republic of Georgia, Guinea, Haiti, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro (Albanian Catholics), Montenegro, Paraguay, Poland (Polish Army Day), Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tahiti, Togo, and Vanuatu).
* '''8 September:''' '''Nativity of Mary''' (RC, 2; AC, 4) / '''Nativity of the Theotokos''' (EO, 1)\\
Another early feast dedicated to Mary, but more popular in the Eastern Churches, this commemorates an account of her virgin birth in the apocryphal ''Protoevangelium of James''. She and John the Baptist are the only saints also celebrated on their birthday (in contrast to most saints being remembered on the anniversary of their death, or in theological terms, "heavenly birth") due to their prominent roles in the life of Jesus and the belief that they have been consecrated in their mothers' wombs. Under this day she is revered as the patron of Cuba (as "Our Lady of Charity").
* '''12 September:''' '''Holy Name of Mary''' (RC, 4)\\
Introduced in 1684 as a counterpart to the Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus (14 January at the time, now moved to 3 January), so as to complete the parallel cycles of Jesus and Mary's birth, naming and presentation to the Temple.
* '''15 September:''' '''Our Lady of Sorrows''' (RC, 3)\\
Held the day after the Feast of the Holy Cross, this day was formed around a popular thirteenth-century devotional on Mary's seven major heartbreaks throughout the lifetime of Jesus (the prophecy of his death by Simeon the Temple seer [2 February]; the Holy Family's flight to Egypt to escape mass infanticide [28 December]; his three-day disappearance in the Temple; his (apocryphal) encounter with Mary en route to Calvary; his crucifixion and death; the decent of his body; and his burial). Under this title she is the patron of Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Malta.
* '''21 November:''' '''Presentation of Mary''' (RC, 2) / '''Presentation of the Theotokos''' (EO, 1)\\
Also based on the apocryphal ''Protoevangelium of James'', this celebrates the infant Mary being brought to the Temple of Jerusalem for blessing forty days after her birth.
12th Mar '18 6:37:46 AM zero5889
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Added DiffLines:

[[folder:Blessed Virgin Mary]]
Biological mother of Jesus, having conceived him even as a virgin through divine intervention. She assisted in his ministry, witnessed his death, resurrection and ascension, was one of the people blessed by the Holy Spirit with the authority to preach the Good News of Jesus together with his apostles, and according to tradition, [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence assumed bodily into heaven immediately after her death]]. Also revered by Roman Catholics for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_apparition an astonishingly active post-Biblical career]].
* '''15 August: Assumption''' -- Arguably the oldest feast day dedicated to Mary, celebrating her ascension to glory at the end of her mortal life (Roman Catholics state she was elevated body and soul, the Orthodox state she died peacefully). Under this title she is the patron of ''many'' places (Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Republic of Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, East Timor, France, Gabon, Greece, Georgia (Eurasia), Republic of Guinea, Haiti, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro (Albanian Catholics), Paraguay, Poland (Polish Army Day), Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tahiti, Togo, and Vanuatu).

[[/folder]]
12th Jan '18 5:57:02 PM nombretomado
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* Saint JoanOfArc, co-patron saint of France (Saint Denis is the original patron) and archetypal ActionGirl, the JeanneDArchetype. She's also the patron saint of prisoners and, more famously, of military personnel, including soldiers, women who have served in the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service), and Women's Army Corps.

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* Saint JoanOfArc, UsefulNotes/JoanOfArc, co-patron saint of France (Saint Denis is the original patron) and archetypal ActionGirl, the JeanneDArchetype. She's also the patron saint of prisoners and, more famously, of military personnel, including soldiers, women who have served in the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service), and Women's Army Corps.
14th Nov '17 5:12:54 PM Ferot_Dreadnaught
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* Saint Pantaleon, a saint of the Orthodox church. The legend of his martyrdom says that he [[InsaneForgiveness forgave his persecutors even as they were killing him]]. For this reason, he is also called "[[Literature/HisDarkMaterials Pantalaimon,]]" which means "All-Compassionate." His patronage includes physicians and lottery ticket holders.

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* Saint Pantaleon, a saint of the Orthodox church. The legend of his martyrdom says that he [[InsaneForgiveness forgave his persecutors even as they were killing him]].him. For this reason, he is also called "[[Literature/HisDarkMaterials Pantalaimon,]]" which means "All-Compassionate." His patronage includes physicians and lottery ticket holders.
16th Sep '17 5:12:41 PM nombretomado
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* St. Philip Neri is patron of the [[YanksWithTanks US Special Forces]].

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* St. Philip Neri is patron of the [[YanksWithTanks [[UsefulNotes/YanksWithTanks US Special Forces]].
8th Jul '17 8:54:59 AM nombretomado
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Pretty much wherever saints appear, they are designated by their particular iconography. Evangelists, for example, carry a scroll or book and a quill, and their [[EmpathyPet symbolic companion]] stands or floats beside them. Martyrs traditionally hold a palm, and often are depicted holding the weapons that killed them, sometimes even their own dismembered body parts. Itís gruesome, but they stand triumphant, prevailing forever over the cruelty of the world. Saints whose patronage extends to entire nations will typically carry or wear national symbols. Separate saints have their own iconography, too much to get into here. TheOtherWiki serves as an excellent resource, for the curious.

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Pretty much wherever saints appear, they are designated by their particular iconography. Evangelists, for example, carry a scroll or book and a quill, and their [[EmpathyPet symbolic companion]] stands or floats beside them. Martyrs traditionally hold a palm, and often are depicted holding the weapons that killed them, sometimes even their own dismembered body parts. Itís gruesome, but they stand triumphant, prevailing forever over the cruelty of the world. Saints whose patronage extends to entire nations will typically carry or wear national symbols. Separate saints have their own iconography, too much to get into here. TheOtherWiki Wiki/TheOtherWiki serves as an excellent resource, for the curious.
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