History UsefulNotes / PatronSaints

18th Feb '17 9:53:07 AM zero5889
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[[folder:August]]
* ''August 3'' -- '''Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori''' (1696-1787) [RC]: Founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) and patron of confessors, stemming from his extensive body of work on meditations on the Blessed Virgin Mary.
* ''August 2'' -- '''Eusebius of Vercelli''' (283-371) [RC]: Bishop of Vercelli, between Milan and Turin, and an ally of Athanasius and Hillary of Poitiers in their defense of orthodox Christianity against Arianism.
* ''August 2'' -- '''Peter Julian Eymard''' (1811-1868) [RC]: French priest and advocate of the adoration of the Holy Eucharist (a small piece of unleavened bread which symbolizes the body of Jesus offered to humanity as forgiveness of their sins).
* ''August 3'' -- '''John Vianney''' (1786-1859) [RC]: Parish priest of Ars-sur-Formans in France and patron of parish priests, venerated for his tireless service to his community and contributing to its moral transformation.
* ''August 7'' -- '''Pope Sixtus II''' (d. 258) [RC]: Martyred under Emperor Valerian with six of his deacons. Also known for reconciling with the African and Byzantine churches after the rift caused by the Novatian schism, which rejected returning lapsed Christians who went back on their vows during the persecutions of Emperor Decius.
* ''August 7'' -- '''Cajetan''' (1480-1547) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of the unemployed and gamblers, having founded a bank for the poor of Naples as an alternative to loan sharks; also, patron of Argentina.
* ''August 8'' -- '''Dominic''' (1170-1221) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Castilian priest and founder of the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), which helped spread Christianity and scholasticism during the Middle Ages. Also the patron of astronomers as well as the Dominican Republic.
* ''August 9'' -- '''Edith Stein (Teresa Benedicta of the Cross)''' (1891-1942) [RC]: German Jewish philosopher and later a Carmelite nun, executed during the Holocaust. Declared one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe as a victim of the violence of the twentieth century on account of her Christian ''and'' Jewish heritages.
* ''August 10'' -- '''Lawrence of Rome''' (225-258) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Protégés, treasurer, and the first deacon of Pope Sixtus II, executed three days after the Pope and his six fellow deacons, famously by being roasted alive, for refusing to hand over the treasury of the Church. Patron of the city of Rome, Canada, students, librarians, cooks, chefs, and comedians (by way of claiming the poor and destitute of Rome, to which he was assigned to take care of, as the true treasures of the Church, and later his GallowsHumor, sarcastically suggesting to his executioners to roll his body over once one side is burnt enough).
* ''August 11'' -- '''Clare of Assisi''' (1194-1253) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (now known as the Poor Clares), a monastic order for women inspired by that founded by her compatriot Saint Francis. Patron of television, having had a vision of Mass being celebrated while she was bedridden with an illness.
* ''August 12'' -- '''Jane Frances de Chantal''' (1572-1641) [RC]: French baroness-turned-nun, widowed after a short but fruitful marriage, and a friend of Saint Francis de Sales, with whom she founded the Congregation of the Visitation for women rejected by other orders due to illness or age, for which she was declared patron of forgotten people.
* ''August 13'' -- '''Pope Pontian''' and '''Hippolytus of Rome''' (d. 235) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Martyrs under Emperor Maximimus. Having been bitter enemies in life, the latter leading a schismatic group rivaling the faction of the Bishop of Rome, [[FireForgedFriends both men eventually reconciled while sentenced to hard labor in Sardinia]].
* ''August 14'' -- '''Maximilian Kolbe''' (1894-1941) [RC / Angl. / Luth.]: Polish Franciscan friar and a martyr of the Holocaust, having been imprisoned for sheltering Jews in his convents, and eventually committing a HeroicSacrifice by taking the place of a father [[DisproportionateRetribution sentenced to be one of ten men starved to death as punishment for the escape of a prisoner]]. Patron of prisoners, especially those of the political variant (by way of his anti-Nazi rhetoric).
* ''August 16'' -- '''King Stephen I of Hungary''' (975-1038) [RC / Orth.]: Founder of the Kingdom of Hungary, highly revered for his political and religious advocacy to unite the Hungarian people.
* ''August 19'' -- '''John Eudes''' (1601-1680) [RC]: French priest and mystic, as well as an advocate of the veneration of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, celebrated currently on, respectively, the Friday and Saturday after the second Sunday after Pentecost.
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14th Feb '17 3:10:42 AM zero5889
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* ''April 7'' -- '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.

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* ''April 7'' -- '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron French priest, educator and patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.



[[folder:July]]
* ''July 3'' -- '''Thomas''' (d. 72): One of Jesus' twelve apostles, infamous for an episode of incredulity to the news of Jesus' resurrection until the latter personally appeared to him. Said to be the farthest-traveled of the apostles, reaching and being martyred in India, of which he is patron saint (as well as of Sri Lanka).
* ''July 4'' -- '''Elizabeth of Portugal''' (1271-1336) [RC]: Franciscan layperson and queen consort of Portugal who spent her life as a widow doing charitable work to the less fortunate of her realm.
* ''July 5'' -- '''Anthony Maria Zaccaria''' (1502-1539) [RC]: Founder of the Barnabite Order of priests, dedicated to reforming the Church in Milan, as well as later contribution to the Catholic Counter-Reformation.
* ''July 6'' -- '''Maria Goretti''' (1890-1902) [RC]: Patron of victims of rape and crime in general, having died forgiving her attempted rapist and eventual killer.
* ''July 9'' -- '''Martyrs of China''' [RC]: A commemoration of Christians killed from the 16th century onwards. In particular, Roman Catholics venerate '''Augustine Zhao Rong''' (d. 1815), a diocesan priest.
* ''July 11'' -- '''Benedict of Nursia''' (480-543) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Pioneer of Western monasticism, whose life and teachings inspired the creation of a confederacy of autonomous monastic groups adhering to his precepts. He is also one of the six Roman Catholic Patron Saints of Europe on account of his international fame.
* ''July 13'' -- '''Henry III''' (973-1024) [RC]: Ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and a Benedictine oblate who, together with his wife, Cunigunde of Luxembourg, led lives of chaste matrimony, holiness and charitable work.
* ''July 14'' -- '''Camillus de Lellis''' (1550-1614) [RC]: Italian priest and patron of hospitals, nurses and physicians, having founded the Ministers to the Infirm (or Camillian brothers) which served as shelters to the sick.
* ''July 15'' -- '''Bonaventure''' (1221-1274) [RC]: Franciscan theologian and philosopher, famed for his extensive body of works on many scholarly subjects.
* ''July 20'' -- '''Apollinaris of Ravenna''' (1st c.) [RC]: Patron saint of epileptics and gout sufferers; reputedly vested by Saint Peter himself, Apollinaris served as a Church leader until his execution during the persecutions of Emperor Nero.
* ''July 21'' -- '''Lawrence of Brindisi''' (1559-1619) [RC / Orth.]: Capuchin friar and theologian, who was not only active during the Counter-Reformation, but also [[ChurchMilitant during the defense of Hungary against the Ottomans]].
* ''July 22'' -- '''Mary Magdalene''' (1st c.): One of Jesus' most notable female disciples and one of the first witnesses to his resurrection. Mentioned in the Gospel of Luke as having been healed by Jesus of her possession by seven demons, later commentators interpreted this as her having led a sinful life (or even a prostitute), later spending the rest of her life [[TheAtoner in mournful repentance]]. Popularly depicted with RapunzelHair and perfume bottle, and is the patron of [[HookerWithAHeartOfGold prostitutes]], converts, and those who live a contemplative life.
* ''July 23'' -- '''Bridget of Sweden''' (1303-1373) [RC / Luth.]: Founder of the Order of the Most Holy Savior, a religious order open to men and women alike, and patron of her native Sweden, as well as Europe in general, on account of her mystical visions and pilgrimages.
* ''July 24'' -- '''Charbel Makhlouf''' (1828-1898) [RC]: Lebanese hermit and one of the few saints recognized from the Maronite Church, an Eastern Catholic sect (that is, in full communion with the Western Church while retaining its particular rite) unique to Lebanon and its diaspora.
* ''July 25'' -- '''James, Son of Zebedee''' (d. 44): One of Jesus' twelve apostles and older brother of fellow apostle John. Revered as the patron of Spain (as well Nicaragua and Guatemala), with his reputed remains in the city of Santiago de Compostela in the northwestern Spanish region of Galicia being a focal point for epic pilgrimages since the 9th century.
* ''July 26'' -- '''Joachim''' and '''Anne''' (1st c. BC): Parents of the Virgin Mary according to apocryphal accounts. Both are revered as patrons of grandparents, on account of their advanced age when they bore Mary, with Anne in particular having a wider range of patronages, including Canada, Brittany, Detroit, and childless parents.
* ''July 29'' -- '''Martha''' (1st c.): A close friend and frequent host of Jesus during his visits to her native Bethany (together with her younger sister Mary and their older brother Lazarus), reputed dragon-slayer, and patron of housewives.
* ''July 30'' -- '''Peter Chrysologus''' (380-450) [RC / Orth.]: Bishop of Ravenna, famed for his many homilies (spiritual lessons during Mass).
* ''July 31'' -- '''Ignatius of Loyola''' (1491-1556) [RC / Angl.]: Basque priest and founder of the Society of Jesus (or Jesuits), a missionary order that focuses on education and the order of the current Pope, Francis; patron of soldiers (having been one before finding his higher calling while recovering from a CareerEndingInjury) and spiritual retreats (on account of his writings on meditation and spiritual exercises).
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* Saint Martha (of Bethany). Patron saint of housewives, because Jesus visited her frequently (along with her sister Mary and her brother Lazarus), and when they did, Martha was always the generous hostess while her siblings listened and learned. Also legendarily attributed with having killed a dragon.
* Saint Mary Magdalene, a close student of Jesus, and among the first to witness the Resurrection. The Gospel of Luke says that Jesus drove [[RuleOfSeven seven demons]] out of her. Later commentators decided that this meant that Mary Magdalene "must" have been a [[SevenDeadlySins sinful woman]] who spent her entire post-Christ career in [[TheAtoner mournful repentance]]. If you see her as the prostitute who washed Jesus' feet with her tears and perfume, and then dried His feet with her hair, that's more like Biblical {{Fanon}} than {{Canon}}. Still, her RapunzelHair and perfume bottle are her most recognizable attributes, and she's the patron saint of [[HookerWithAHeartOfGold prostitutes]], converts, and those who live a contemplative life.
** There is an apocryphal, fragmentary Gospel of Mary Magdalene, in which Mary of Magdala is an exalted mystic, and had a special (undefined) relationship with Jesus.
8th Feb '17 5:21:16 AM zero5889
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* ''June 22'' -- '''John Fisher''' (1469-1535) and '''UsefulNotes/ThomasMore''' (1478-1535) [RC / Angl.]: Martyrs of the English Reformation under King UsefulNotes/HenryVIII -- the former was bishop of Rochester, near London; the latter, a statesman and counselor to King Henry -- for refusing to acknowledge Henry's usurpation of papal authority over the Church of England. While Roman Catholic by confession, Anglicans have recently given them reverence as martyrs for personal conscience and unfortunate victims of the politico-religious chaos of the period.

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* ''June 22'' -- '''John Fisher''' (1469-1535) and '''UsefulNotes/ThomasMore''' (1478-1535) [RC / Angl.]: Martyrs of the English Reformation under King UsefulNotes/HenryVIII -- the former was bishop of Rochester, near London; the latter, a statesman and counselor to King Henry -- for refusing to acknowledge Henry's usurpation of papal authority over the Church of England. England (all because Rome decline to grant his request for annulment from Catherine of Aragon in favor of the fertile Anne Boleyn). While Roman Catholic by confession, orientation, Anglicans have recently given them reverence as martyrs for personal conscience and unfortunate victims of the politico-religious chaos of the period.period.
* ''June 24'' -- '''John the Baptist''' (d. ~31-36): Jesus' slightly older second-degree cousin, who spent much of his adult life as a desert-dwelling prophet exhorting penance in preparation for the Messiah. Adapting a similar Jewish rite for gentile converts, he began the practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins and induction into a new faith by immersing believers in the River Jordan. Jesus asked to be baptized by John to signify the start of his own career. This date is the celebration of his birth; his other, lesser, feast is August 29, commemorating his execution at the hands of Herod Agrippa for his criticism of his illicit marriage to Herodias, ex-wife of Herod's still-living brother Philip. Patron of Jordan, Puerto Rico, and many other places.
* ''June 27'' -- '''Cyril of Alexandria''' (376-444): Patriarch of Alexandria, leading his local church in a period of politico-religious strife with which he often got embroiled in.
* ''June 28'' -- '''Irenaeus''' (130-202): Bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern-day Lyon, France) and a major source for what much of the world knows of UsefulNotes/{{Gnosticism}} through his polemical writings.
* ''June 29'' -- '''Peter and Paul'''
** '''Peter''' (d. 64/68): Arguably the most notable of Jesus' twelve apostles, by way of his boisterous nature and eventual position of leadership in the post-Pentecost Church. Reputedly also served as leader of the Church in Rome, where he was eventually executed by being crucified upside-down (as per his request not to die like Jesus), and was honored by the Roman Catholic Church as the very first [[UsefulNotes/ThePope pope]].
** '''Paul''' (5-67): A novice Pharisee charged with witch-hunts on Christians, until a blinding vision of Jesus changed his mind and turned him instead into one of the early Church's most ardent missionaries across most of Asia Minor (modern-day Asiatic Turkey) and Greece. Patron of newspapers, writers and publishers, on account of his extensive body of writings which made [[Literature/TheBible much of the Christian canon]].



* Saint John the Baptist, who was Jesus' slightly older cousin. He went out into the desert, wearing a camel-hair shirt and carrying a cross-shaped staff, and told people to prepare for the coming of the Messiah. Adapting a similar Jewish rite for gentile converts to Judaism, he began the practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins and induction into a new faith, by immersing believers in the River Jordan. The highlight of his career was when Jesus Himself arrived. John baptized Him, and the Holy Spirit made a rare on-Earth appearance to grace Jesus and signal the start of His ministry.



* Saint Paul, patron of newspapers, writers, and publishers. After Jesus' ascension, Saul was a Jewish Pharisee dedicated to persecuting Christians. Saul was blinded by a vision of Christ on the road to Damascus, and then healed by a Christian. Saul converted, and changed his name to Paul. His letters to various corners of the Roman world are now recorded in the Bible, that's how important they came to be to the early church. [[SincerityMode That's why he's the]] TropeNamer [[JokingMode for]] WordOfSaintPaul.
* Saint Peter, portrayed as standing at the [[FluffyCloudHeaven Pearly Gates of heaven]] and acting as God's bouncer, as it were. Famously crucified ''upside-down'' (which is why if you wear an upside-down cross to be "Satanic," [[DanBrowned you are doing it wrong]][[note]]An upside-down ''crucifix'', on the other hand, since it actually displays Jesus Christ, is still very much is a sacrilegious symbol though, so be careful with this one.[[/note]]). Patron of the Papacy, as he also has the distinction of being [[UrExample the first]] [[UsefulNotes/ThePope Pope]].
** He and Saint Paul tag-team as the patron saints of Rome and the Vatican.
6th Feb '17 2:49:32 AM zero5889
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* ''June 22'' -- '''Paulinus of Nola''' (354-431) [RC / Orth.]: Roman senator who turned to religious life (becoming bishop of Nola, near Naples in Italy), setting a precedent for other men of privilege who aspire to turn to the habit.
* ''June 22'' -- '''John Fisher''' (1469-1535) and '''UsefulNotes/ThomasMore''' (1478-1535) [RC / Angl.]: Martyrs of the English Reformation under King UsefulNotes/HenryVIII -- the former was bishop of Rochester, near London; the latter, a statesman and counselor to King Henry -- for refusing to acknowledge Henry's usurpation of papal authority over the Church of England. While Roman Catholic by confession, Anglicans have recently given them reverence as martyrs for personal conscience and unfortunate victims of the politico-religious chaos of the period.
6th Feb '17 2:16:53 AM zero5889
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* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80 AD) and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Angl. and Luth., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, and James a leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Both are declared patrons of Uruguay.

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* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80 AD) 80) and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62 AD) 62) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Angl. and Luth., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, and James a leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Both are declared patrons of Uruguay.



* Saint Anthony (of Padua -- there are others), known as the Saint of Miracles; patron saint of Portugal, the postal service, elderly people and the oppressed, among many other things. Best known as the finder of lost things due to his prodigious memory.

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[[folder:June]]
* Saint Anthony ''June 1'' -- '''Justin Martyr''' (100-165) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: Early apologist (defender of religious tenets) who wrote several books for Emperor Antoninus Pius trying to convince him of the moral legitimacy of Christianity.
* ''June 2'' -- '''Marcellinus and Peter''' (d. ~304) [RC]: Popular but historically ambiguous martyrs -- the former a priest, the latter an exorcist -- during the persecutions of Emperor Domitian.
* ''June 3'' -- '''Charles Lwanga''' (1860-1886) and the Martyrs of Uganda [RC / Angl.]: Court member of and victim to the wave of persecutions under King Mwanga II of Buganda, in a complicated combination of politico-religious conflict and colonialism.
* ''June 5'' -- '''Boniface''' (675-754) [RC / Orth. / Angl. / Luth.]: First archbishop of Mogontiacum (modern-day Mainz, Germany) and missionary to Germany, killed by bandits during a trip to Frisia.
* ''June 6'' -- '''Norbert
(of Padua -- there are others), known as Xanten)''' (1080-1134) [RC]: Bishop of Magdeburg and founder of the Saint Premonstratensian order of Miracles; semi-monastic priests.
* ''June 9'' -- '''Ephrem (the Syrian)''' (306-373) [RC / Orth. / Angl.]: Deacon of Edessa (modern-day Şanlıurfa, Turkey) and
patron saint of spiritual directors on account of his massive collection of written poems, hymns and sermons.
* ''June 11'' -- '''Barnabas''' (d. ~61): One of Saint Paul's companions and reputed planted the seeds of the Church in his native Cyprus. Generally counted as an apostle despite not being part of the original twelve (or the renewed group, with the death of Judas and his replacement by Matthias).
* ''June 13'' -- '''Anthony of Padua''' (1195-1231) [RC]: Franciscan monk and patron of his native
Portugal, Brazil, miracles, the postal service, search for lost things, and the elderly people and the oppressed, among many other things. Best known as oppressed on account of his charitable work. Generally depicted carrying the finder of lost things due infant Jesus on his arms, alluding to his prodigious memory.contemplative life.
* ''June 19'' -- '''Romuald''' (951-1027) [RC / Orth.]: Benedictine monk responsible for the revival of monasticism.
* ''June 21'' -- '''Aloysius Gonzaga''' (1568-1591) [RC]: Jesuit novice and patron of AIDS victims, having died at a very young age tending to victims of a plague.
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6th Feb '17 1:52:34 AM zero5889
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''Note:'' The list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church. "RC" stands for Roman Catholic, "Orth." for Orthodox, "Ang." for Anglican, and "Lut." for Luthera.

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''Note:'' The list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church. "RC" stands for the Roman Catholic, Catholic Church, "Orth." for Orthodox, "Ang.Orthodox churches in general, "Angl." for Anglican, the Anglican Communion, and "Lut."Luth." for Luthera.
various Lutheran churches.



* ''January 2'' -- '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' (329-379) and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (329-390) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Bishops from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.

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* ''January 2'' -- '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' (329-379) and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (329-390) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Bishops from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.



* ''January 13'' -- '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (310-367) [Catholic / Orthodox / Anglican / Lutheran]: Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
* ''January 17'' -- '''Anthony the Great''' (251-356) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut. / Coptic]: The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the deserts of Egypt. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.

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* ''January 13'' -- '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (310-367) [Catholic [RC / Orthodox Orth. / Anglican Angl. / Lutheran]: Luth.]: Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
* ''January 17'' -- '''Anthony the Great''' (251-356) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth. / Coptic]: The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the deserts of Egypt. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.



* ''January 20'' -- '''Sebastian''' (258-287) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Patron of soldiers and athletes. A Roman soldier and covert Christian who tended to his fallen fellow believers until he was exposed and executed. Popularly depicted as being tied onto a tree and shot with arrows.
* ''January 21'' -- '''Agnes (of Rome)''' (291-304) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Patron of girls, chastity, and rape victims. Died at the tender age of twelve after she was publicly humiliated and nearly raped for refusing to worship the Roman gods.
* ''January 22'' -- '''Vincent of Saragossa''' (d. 304) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Deacon of modern-day Zaragoza in Spain and patron of Lisbon and Valencia, where he became the first Spanish martyr during the massive persecution campaign of Emperor Diocletian.
* ''January 24'' -- '''Francis de Sales''' (1567-1622) [RC / Ang.]: Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, famous for his gentle approach to the delicate religious situation of his territory, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* ''January 26'' -- '''Timothy''' (17-97) and '''Titus''' (d. 96 or 107) [RC / Orth. (August 25 for Titus) / Ang. / Luth.]: Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) and Crete.

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* ''January 20'' -- '''Sebastian''' (258-287) [RC / Orth. / Ang.Angl.]: Patron of soldiers and athletes. A Roman soldier and covert Christian who tended to his fallen fellow believers until he was exposed and executed. Popularly depicted as being tied onto a tree and shot with arrows.
* ''January 21'' -- '''Agnes (of Rome)''' (291-304) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Patron of girls, chastity, and rape victims. Died at the tender age of twelve after she was publicly humiliated and nearly raped for refusing to worship the Roman gods.
* ''January 22'' -- '''Vincent of Saragossa''' (d. 304) [RC / Orth. / Ang.Angl.]: Deacon of modern-day Zaragoza in Spain and patron of Lisbon and Valencia, where he became the first Spanish martyr during the massive persecution campaign of Emperor Diocletian.
* ''January 24'' -- '''Francis de Sales''' (1567-1622) [RC / Ang.Angl.]: Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, famous for his gentle approach to the delicate religious situation of his territory, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* ''January 26'' -- '''Timothy''' (17-97) and '''Titus''' (d. 96 or 107) [RC [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth. (August Orth., August 25 for Titus) / Ang. / Luth.]: Titus]: Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) and Crete.



* ''January 28'' -- '''Thomas Aquinas''' (1225-1274) [RC / Ang. / Lut.]: Dominican friar and arguably one of the most influential philosophers and theologians not just in Christianity, but throughout the Western world, integrating Aristotelian philosophy with basic Christian tenets. Patron of the intellectual class and Catholic centers of learning.
* ''January 31'' -- '''John Bosco''' (1815-1888) [RC / Ang.]: Patron of juvenile delinquents, having spent most of his life rescuing and educating street children of rapidly-industrializing Turin.

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* ''January 28'' -- '''Thomas Aquinas''' (1225-1274) [RC / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Dominican friar and arguably one of the most influential philosophers and theologians not just in Christianity, but throughout the Western world, integrating Aristotelian philosophy with basic Christian tenets. Patron of the intellectual class and Catholic centers of learning.
* ''January 31'' -- '''John Bosco''' (1815-1888) [RC / Ang.Angl.]: Patron of juvenile delinquents, having spent most of his life rescuing and educating street children of rapidly-industrializing Turin.



* ''February 3'' -- '''Ansgar''' (801-865) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and missionary to Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
* ''February 5'' -- '''Agatha (of Sicily)''' (231-251) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Patron of Malta and San Marino, reputedly martyred for her faith by having her breasts cut off (thus she was also invoked against breast cancer).

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* ''February 3'' -- '''Ansgar''' (801-865) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and missionary to Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
* ''February 5'' -- '''Agatha (of Sicily)''' (231-251) [RC / Orth. / Ang.Angl.]: Patron of Malta and San Marino, reputedly martyred for her faith by having her breasts cut off (thus she was also invoked against breast cancer).



* ''February 14'' -- '''Cyril''' (826-869) and '''Methodius''' (815-885) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Brothers and missionaries to eastern Europe. Patrons of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Macedonia and Slovakia, and as of 1980 one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe, stemming from their missionary zeal.
* ''February 17'' -- Seven Founders of the '''Servite Order''' [RC] -- Buonfiglio dei Monaldi (Bonfilius), Giovanni di Buonagiunta (Bonajuncta), Amadeus of the Amidei (Bartolomeus), Ricovero dei Lippi-Ugguccioni (Hugh), Benedetto dell' Antella (Manettus), Gherardino di Sostegno (Sostene), and Alessio de' Falconieri (Alexius): Seven merchants from Florence who gave up their privilege to live in contemplation of the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.

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* ''February 14'' -- '''Cyril''' (826-869) and '''Methodius''' (815-885) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Brothers and missionaries to eastern Europe. Patrons of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Macedonia and Slovakia, and as of 1980 one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe, stemming from their missionary zeal.
* ''February 17'' -- Seven '''Bonfilius''', '''Bonajuncta''', '''Bartolomeus''', '''Hugh''', '''Manettus''', '''Sostene''' and '''Alexius''', the Founders of the '''Servite Order''' [RC] -- Buonfiglio dei Monaldi (Bonfilius), Giovanni di Buonagiunta (Bonajuncta), Amadeus of the Amidei (Bartolomeus), Ricovero dei Lippi-Ugguccioni (Hugh), Benedetto dell' Antella (Manettus), Gherardino di Sostegno (Sostene), and Alessio de' Falconieri (Alexius): Servite Order [RC]: Seven merchants from Florence who gave up their privilege to live in contemplation of the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.



* ''February 23'' -- '''Polycarp''' (69-156) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Bishop of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir, Turkey), martyr, and allegedly disciple of Saint John, one of Jesus' twelve apostles. Invoked against ear ache and dysentery.

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* ''February 23'' -- '''Polycarp''' (69-156) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Bishop of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir, Turkey), martyr, and allegedly disciple of Saint John, one of Jesus' twelve apostles. Invoked against ear ache and dysentery.



* ''March 7'' -- '''Perpetua and Felicitas''' (d.203) [RC / Orth., February 1 / Ang. / Lut.]: One of the earliest and most popular martyrs from Carthage (modern-day Tunis, Tunisia) -- the former a noblewoman, the latter a pregnant slave, both of whom kept an account of their lives.

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* ''March 7'' -- '''Perpetua and Felicitas''' (d.203) [RC [RC, Angl. and Luth. / Orth., February 1 / Ang. / Lut.]: 1]: One of the earliest and most popular martyrs from Carthage (modern-day Tunis, Tunisia) -- the former a noblewoman, the latter a pregnant slave, both of whom kept an account of their lives.



* ''March 17'' -- '''Patrick''' (5th c.) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Patron of Ireland, said to have driven out snakes from the island (which may be interpreted as an allegory of his successful campaign to convert Ireland from its traditional beliefs).
* ''March 18'' -- '''Cyril of Jerusalem''' (313-386) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: A distinguished theologian of the early Church, who wrote extensively on the Liturgy and instruction of catechumens (people receiving formal religious education).

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* ''March 17'' -- '''Patrick''' (5th c.) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Patron of Ireland, said to have driven out snakes from the island (which may be interpreted as an allegory of his successful campaign to convert Ireland from its traditional beliefs).
* ''March 18'' -- '''Cyril of Jerusalem''' (313-386) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: A distinguished theologian of the early Church, who wrote extensively on the Liturgy and instruction of catechumens (people receiving formal religious education).



* ''March 23'' -- '''Turibius of Mogrovejo''' (1538-1606) [RC / Ang.]: Spanish-born Archbishop of Lima. He is best known for his missionary efforts, traversing the vast expanse of Peru to personally administer to his realm, as well as a defender of rights of indigenous peoples.

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* ''March 23'' -- '''Turibius of Mogrovejo''' (1538-1606) [RC / Ang.Angl.]: Spanish-born Archbishop of Lima. He is best known for his missionary efforts, traversing the vast expanse of Peru to personally administer to his realm, as well as a defender of rights of indigenous peoples.



* ''April 5'' -- '''Vincent Ferrer''' (1350-1419) [RC / Ang.]: Spanish Dominican friar and patron of construction workers, so-named for his efforts to rebuild the Church.

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* ''April 5'' -- '''Vincent Ferrer''' (1350-1419) [RC / Ang.Angl.]: Spanish Dominican friar and patron of construction workers, so-named for his efforts to rebuild the Church.



* ''April 23'' -- '''[[Myth/SaintGeorge George]]''' (280-303) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: A very popular [[GeniusBruiser preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer]]. Patron of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, [[OverlyLongGag Catalonia]], Georgia, and... just about half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; [[TankGoodness armored units]]; and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Boy Scouts]].

to:

* ''April 23'' -- '''[[Myth/SaintGeorge George]]''' (280-303) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: A very popular [[GeniusBruiser preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer]]. Patron of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, [[OverlyLongGag Catalonia]], Georgia, and... just about half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; [[TankGoodness armored units]]; and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Boy Scouts]].



* ''April 29'' -- '''Catherine of Siena''' (1347-1380) [RC / Ang. / Lut.]: Italian mystic and theologian; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire. Declared one of the six Patron Saints of Europe for her efforts to bring back the papacy from Avignon in France back to Rome.

to:

* ''April 29'' -- '''Catherine of Siena''' (1347-1380) [RC / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Italian mystic and theologian; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire. Declared one of the six Patron Saints of Europe for her efforts to bring back the papacy from Avignon in France back to Rome.



* ''May 2'' -- '''Athanasius of Alexandria''' (296~298/373) [RC/ Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Bishop of Alexandria best known for his ardent defense of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity against the Arians, and Christianity in general, earning him the title "[[RedBaron Athanasius Against the World]]".
* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 / Ang., May 1] and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Ang. and Lut., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, and James a leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Both are declared patrons of Uruguay.
* ''May 12'' -- '''Nereus and Achilleus''' (late 1st c.) [RC]: Legendary martyrs and bodyguards of Flavia Domitillia, niece of Emperor Domition and herself a later convert.

to:

* ''May 2'' -- '''Athanasius of Alexandria''' (296~298/373) [RC/ [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Bishop of Alexandria best known for his ardent defense of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity against the Arians, and Christianity in general, general against persecutions, earning him the title "[[RedBaron Athanasius Against the World]]".
* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 / Ang., May 1] and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Ang. Angl. and Lut.Luth., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, and James a leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Both are declared patrons of Uruguay.
* ''May 12'' -- '''Nereus and Achilleus''' (late 1st c.) [RC]: Legendary martyrs and bodyguards of Flavia Domitillia, niece of Emperor Domition Domitian and herself a later convert.



* ''May 14'' -- '''Matthias the Apostle''' (d. 80 AD) [RC and Ang. / Orth., August 9 / Lut., February 24]: A later addition to the twelve apostles to fill in the place of the traitorous Judas Iscariot (who committed suicide shortly after handing Jesus over to his death).

to:

* ''May 14'' -- '''Matthias the Apostle''' (d. 80 AD) [RC and Ang.Angl. / Orth., August 9 / Lut.Luth., February 24]: A later addition to the twelve apostles to fill in the place of the traitorous Judas Iscariot (who committed suicide shortly after handing Jesus over to his death).



* ''May 25'' -- '''Bede''' (673-735) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Benedictine abbot of Jarrow and one of the most eminent English historians.
* ''May 25'' -- '''Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Sovana)'' (1015-1085) [RC]: Enforced celibacy among the clergy and affirmed the sovereignty of the papacy.

to:

* ''May 25'' -- '''Bede''' (673-735) [RC / Orth. / Ang. Angl. / Lut.Luth.]: Benedictine abbot of Jarrow and one of the most eminent English historians.
* ''May 25'' -- '''Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Sovana)'' Sovana)''' (1015-1085) [RC]: Enforced celibacy among the clergy and affirmed the sovereignty of the papacy.



* ''May 27'' -- '''Augustine of Canterbury''' (d. ~604) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Benedictine priest and very first bishop of Britain.

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* ''May 27'' -- '''Augustine of Canterbury''' (d. ~604) [RC / Orth. / Ang.Angl.]: Benedictine priest and very first bishop of Britain.
4th Feb '17 11:21:48 PM zero5889
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* ''April 7'' -- '''John Baptist (Jean-Baptiste) de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.

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* ''April 7'' -- '''John Baptist (Jean-Baptiste) '''Jean-Baptiste de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.



* ''April 23'' -- '''[[Myth/SaintGeorge George]] (280-303) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: A very popular [[GeniusBruiser preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer]]. Patron of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, [[OverlyLongGag Catalonia]], Georgia, and... just about half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; [[TankGoodness armored units]]; and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Boy Scouts]].

to:

* ''April 23'' -- '''[[Myth/SaintGeorge George]] George]]''' (280-303) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: A very popular [[GeniusBruiser preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer]]. Patron of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, [[OverlyLongGag Catalonia]], Georgia, and... just about half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; [[TankGoodness armored units]]; and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Boy Scouts]].



[[folder:May]]
* ''May 2'' -- '''Athanasius of Alexandria''' (296~298/373) [RC/ Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Bishop of Alexandria best known for his ardent defense of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity against the Arians, and Christianity in general, earning him the title "[[RedBaron Athanasius Against the World]]".
* ''May 3'' -- '''Philip''' (d. 80 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 / Ang., May 1] and '''James, Son of Alpheus''' (d. 62 AD) [RC / Orth., November 14 (Philip) and October 9 (James) / Ang. and Lut., May 1]: Two lesser-known members of Jesus' inner circle. Philip was said to have reached as far as Greece, and James a leader of the Jerusalem cluster. Both are declared patrons of Uruguay.
* ''May 12'' -- '''Nereus and Achilleus''' (late 1st c.) [RC]: Legendary martyrs and bodyguards of Flavia Domitillia, niece of Emperor Domition and herself a later convert.
* ''May 12'' -- '''Pancras (of Rome)''' (289-303/304) [RC]: Teenage martyr under Emperor Diocletian. Not much is known about him except that he lent his name to a district of London.
* ''May 14'' -- '''Matthias the Apostle''' (d. 80 AD) [RC and Ang. / Orth., August 9 / Lut., February 24]: A later addition to the twelve apostles to fill in the place of the traitorous Judas Iscariot (who committed suicide shortly after handing Jesus over to his death).
* ''May 18'' -- '''Pope John I''' (470-526) [RC]: Martyred under the Arian Visigoth king Theodosius for alleged conspiracy with Emperor Justin of Byzantium, despite having been sent by Theodosius in the first place to Constantinople to secure a moderation of Justin's policies against Arians.
* ''May 20'' -- '''Bernardino of Siena''' (1380-1444) [RC]: Patron of advertisers and the public services sector. A Franciscar friar famous for his tracts.
* ''May 21'' -- '''Cristóbal Magallanes Jara''' (1869-1927) [RC]: Mexican priest and victim of summary execution on trumped-up charges of agitating the Cristeros, a rebellion of Catholic peasants amidst a nasty phase of state-sponsored anticlerical legislation.
* ''May 22'' -- '''Rita of Cascia''' (1381-1457) [RC]: Augstinian nun and patron of impossible causes and battered housewives. Having spent many years enduring an AwfulWeddedLife with an abusive, unfaithful nobleman (who was later killed amidst one of the many feuds he was caught up in), she took the habit after her two sons died before they can avenge their father, and spent her life in meditation.
* ''May 25'' -- '''Bede''' (673-735) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Benedictine abbot of Jarrow and one of the most eminent English historians.
* ''May 25'' -- '''Pope Gregory VII (Hildebrand of Sovana)'' (1015-1085) [RC]: Enforced celibacy among the clergy and affirmed the sovereignty of the papacy.
* ''May 25'' -- '''Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi''' (1566-1607) [RC]: Carmelite nun who suffered throughout her short life even amidst multiple mystical visions.
* ''May 26'' -- '''Philip Neri''' (1515-1595) [RC]: Founder of the Congregation of the Oratory for secular priests (i.e., those not belonging to any monastic order) and a reformer, as well as a patron of humor.
* ''May 27'' -- '''Augustine of Canterbury''' (d. ~604) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Benedictine priest and very first bishop of Britain.
[[/folder]]



* Saint Mark, [[Literature/TheFourGospels the Evangelist]], patron of Egypt, Venice, and barristers/litigators.
4th Feb '17 10:28:02 PM zero5889
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* ''February 6'' -- '''Paulo (Paul) Miki''' (1562-1597) and the 26 Martyrs of Nagasaki [RC]: Jesuit Japanese convert and one of the earliest victims of the wave of persecutions under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
* ''February 8'' -- '''Gerolamo (Jerome) Emiliani''' (1486-1537) [RC]: Patron of orphans and founder of the Somaschi Fathers, having lived as a humanitarian offering shelter to orphan boys.

to:

* ''February 6'' -- '''Paulo (Paul) Miki''' (1562-1597) and the 26 Martyrs of Nagasaki [RC]: Jesuit Japanese convert and one of the earliest victims of the wave of persecutions under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
* ''February 8'' -- '''Gerolamo (Jerome) Emiliani''' (1486-1537) [RC]: Patron of orphans and founder of the Somaschi Fathers, having lived as a humanitarian offering shelter to orphan boys.



* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God (João Duarte Cidade)''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.

to:

* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God (João Duarte Cidade)''' God''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.



[[folder:April]]
* ''April 2'' -- '''Francis of Paola''' (1416-1507) [RC]: Founder of the Friars Minim, which follow an ascetic lifestyle and known for his gifts of prophecy.
* ''April 4'' -- '''Isidore of Seville''' (560-636) [RC / Orth.]: Archbishop of the Spanish city, best known for converting the Visigoth royalty from Arianism and setting the foundations of representative legislation, as well as his GreatBigBookOfEverything, the ''Etymologiae'', which recorded extracts from various classical literature, giving him a reputation as patron of the Internet.
* ''April 5'' -- '''Vincent Ferrer''' (1350-1419) [RC / Ang.]: Spanish Dominican friar and patron of construction workers, so-named for his efforts to rebuild the Church.
* ''April 7'' -- '''John Baptist (Jean-Baptiste) de la Salle''' (1651-1719) [RC]: Patron of schoolteachers and founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (AKA Lasallian Brothers), having been a pioneer of educational reform stemming from his programs for children born in poverty.
* ''April 11'' -- '''Stanislaus (of Szczepanów)''' (1030-1079) [RC]: Bishop of Kraków and patron of Poland, best known for his rivalry with King Bolesław II, which ultimately led to his death.
* ''April 13'' -- '''Pope Martin I''' (598-655) [RC / Orth.]: Byzantine pope, declared a martyr for his exile to Chersonesus (modern-day Sevastopol, Crimea) by Emperor Constans II, a supporter of the Monothelite sect (which taught that Jesus had two natures, divine and human, but only one will, which ran counter to the orthodox stance of Jesus having two natures ''and'' wills) against which Martin wrote several letters.
* ''April 21'' -- '''Anselm of Canterbury''' (1033-1109) [RC]: Benedictine scholar and bishop of Canterbury, famous for asserting the Church's independence from politics and pioneering work on scholasticism.
* ''April 23'' -- '''[[Myth/SaintGeorge George]] (280-303) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: A very popular [[GeniusBruiser preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer]]. Patron of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, [[OverlyLongGag Catalonia]], Georgia, and... just about half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; [[TankGoodness armored units]]; and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Boy Scouts]].
* ''April 23'' -- '''Adalbert (of Prague)''' (956-957) [RC / Orth.]: Patron of Poland, Bohemia and Hungary, having served as Bishop of Prague and later killed during missionary efforts to Baltic Prussia.
* ''April 24'' -- '''Fidelis of Sigmaringen''' (1577-1622) [RC]: Capuchin friar and missionary to Calvinist Switzerland, where he met opposition and, ultimately, a violent death.
* ''April 25'' -- '''Mark the Evangelist''' (d. 68): One of the earliest Christians and patron of Venice (where his alleged remains are held) and Egypt (it is said he was the first bishop of Alexandria). Reputed to be a disciple of Saint Peter, from whom he wrote his account of the life of Jesus (which became one of Literature/TheFourGospels).
* ''April 28'' -- '''Peter Chanel''' (1803-1841) [RC]: French missionary to the Pacific islands, and patron of Oceania.
* ''April 28'' -- '''Louis Grignion de Montfort''' (1673-1716) [RC]: French mystic and writer of various letters on the Virgin Mary.
* ''April 29'' -- '''Catherine of Siena''' (1347-1380) [RC / Ang. / Lut.]: Italian mystic and theologian; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire. Declared one of the six Patron Saints of Europe for her efforts to bring back the papacy from Avignon in France back to Rome.
* ''April 30'' -- '''Pope Pius V (Antonio Ghislieri)''' (1504-1572) [RC]: Dominican pope responsible for instituting the Council of Trent, which served to respond to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation with the Roman Catholic Church's own reformation.
[[/folder]]



* Saint Catherine (of Siena -- there are others), a great mystic and theological writer who is now one of the Doctors of the Church; she mortified herself greatly for her faith, and is most famous for having a vision of a holy marriage to the infant Jesus. Patron saint of those ridiculed for their piety, of protection in childbirth, of nurses, and against fire.



* Myth/SaintGeorge, the [[GeniusBruiser preacher, legionary, and dragon-slayer]], patron saint of England, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, [[OverlyLongGag Catalonia]], Georgia, and...screw it, let's just say half of Europe; a ridiculous number of cities; [[TankGoodness armored units]]; and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Boy Scouts]].
4th Feb '17 9:08:09 PM zero5889
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''Note:'' The list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church.

to:

''Note:'' The list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church.
Church. "RC" stands for Roman Catholic, "Orth." for Orthodox, "Ang." for Anglican, and "Lut." for Luthera.



* '''Blessed Virgin Mary''', mother of Jesus, Queen of All Saints. Mary bore and raised Jesus, assisted in his ministry, witnessed his resurrection, and was (according to Catholic tradition) [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence assumed bodily into heaven]]. That'd be miraculous enough for anyone, but Mary wasn't content with that. She's had an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_apparition astonishingly active Biblical career]], according to pious legend. She is, among other things, patroness of Mexico, of the United States (the US being hostile to Catholics until [[UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy one became President]], the American Church must have figured that they needed the biggest guns they could find), and of France (that's why many prominent French cathedrals are entitled ''Notre Dame'', "Our Lady"). Known by [[IHaveManyNames a myriad of titles]] -- you can find an "Our Lady of" just about ''anything''. Beloved and revered in many ways all around the world. Her major feasts are January 1 (her motherhood, celebrated by Roman Catholics, as substitute for the feast of the circumcision of the newborn Jesus, held as per Jewish tradition eight days after his birth), May 31 (her visit to her cousin Elizabeth, who was also pregnant with John the Baptist [see June 24]), August 15 (the anniversary of her Assumption), August 22 (the eighth day after the Assumption, celebrated by Roman Catholics as her queenship), September 8 (her birthday), November 21 (her presentation in the Temple of Jerusalem, according to an apocryphal account), and December 12 (her conception, nine months before September 8), with other feasts celebrating her appearances at Lourdes in France (February 11), Fátima in Portugal, (May 13), Mount Carmel in Israel (July 16), and Guadalupe in Mexico (December 12), as well as her titles as Our Lady of Sorrows (September 15) and the Rosary (October 7).
* '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (January 2): Bishops from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.
* '''Raymond of Penyafort''' (January 7): Patron of canon (ecclesiastic) lawyers; a Spanish Dominican friar who composed the various laws passed by Pope Gregory IX.
* '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (January 13): Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
* '''Anthony the Great''' (January 17): The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the wilderness. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.
* '''Pope Fabian''' (January 20): Nineteenth successor to the throne of Saint Peter. He served to heal a rift between followers of his predecessors, Pontian and Hippolytus, and was later killed during the wave of persecutions under Emperor Decius.
* '''Sebastian''' (January 20): Patron of soldiers and athletes. A Roman soldier and covert Christian who tended to his fallen fellow believers until he was exposed and executed. Popularly depicted as being tied onto a tree and shot with arrows.
* '''Agnes (of Rome)''' (January 21): Patron of girls, chastity, and rape victims. Died at the tender age of twelve after she was publicly humiliated and nearly raped for refusing to worship the Roman gods.
* '''Vincent of Saragossa''' (January 22): Deacon of modern-day Zaragoza in Spain and patron of Lisbon and Valencia, where he became the first Spanish martyr during the massive persecution campaign of Emperor Diocletian.
* '''Francis de Sales''' (January 24): Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, famous for his gentle approach to the delicate religious situation of his territory, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* '''Timothy''' and '''Titus''' (January 26): Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) and Crete.

to:

* '''Blessed Virgin Mary''', mother of Jesus, Queen of All Saints. Mary bore and raised Jesus, assisted in his ministry, witnessed his resurrection, and was (according to Catholic tradition) [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence assumed bodily into heaven]]. That'd be miraculous enough for anyone, but Mary wasn't content with that. She's had an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_apparition astonishingly active Biblical career]], according to pious legend. She is, among other things, patroness of Mexico, of the United States (the US being hostile to Catholics until [[UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy one became President]], the American Church must have figured that they needed the biggest guns they could find), and of France (that's why many prominent French cathedrals are entitled ''Notre Dame'', "Our Lady"). Known by [[IHaveManyNames a myriad of titles]] -- you can find an "Our Lady of" just about ''anything''. Beloved and revered in many ways all around the world. Her major feasts are January 1 (her motherhood, celebrated by Roman Catholics, as substitute for the feast of the circumcision of the newborn Jesus, held as per Jewish tradition eight days after his birth), May 31 (her visit to her cousin Elizabeth, who was also pregnant with John the Baptist [see June 24]), August 15 (the anniversary of her Assumption), August 22 (the eighth day after the Assumption, celebrated by Roman Catholics as her queenship), September 8 (her birthday), November 21 (her presentation in the Temple of Jerusalem, according to an apocryphal account), and December 12 (her conception, nine months before September 8), with other feasts celebrating 8); in addition, Roman Catholics also celebrate her appearances apparitions at Lourdes in France (February 11), Fátima in Portugal, (May 13), Mount Carmel in Israel (July 16), and Guadalupe in Mexico (December 12), as well as her titles as Our Lady of Sorrows (September 15) and the Rosary (October 7).
* ''January 2'' -- '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' (329-379) and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (January 2): (329-390) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Bishops from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.
* ''January 7'' -- '''Raymond of Penyafort''' (January 7): (1175-1275) [RC]: Patron of canon (ecclesiastic) lawyers; a Spanish Dominican friar who composed the various laws passed by Pope Gregory IX.
* ''January 13'' -- '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (January 13): (310-367) [Catholic / Orthodox / Anglican / Lutheran]: Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
* ''January 17'' -- '''Anthony the Great''' (January 17): (251-356) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut. / Coptic]: The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the wilderness.deserts of Egypt. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.
* ''January 20'' -- '''Pope Fabian''' (January 20): (236-256) [RC / Orth.]: Nineteenth successor to the throne of Saint Peter. He served to heal a rift between followers of his predecessors, Pontian and Hippolytus, and was later killed during the wave of persecutions under Emperor Decius.
* ''January 20'' -- '''Sebastian''' (January 20): (258-287) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Patron of soldiers and athletes. A Roman soldier and covert Christian who tended to his fallen fellow believers until he was exposed and executed. Popularly depicted as being tied onto a tree and shot with arrows.
* ''January 21'' -- '''Agnes (of Rome)''' (January 21): (291-304) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Patron of girls, chastity, and rape victims. Died at the tender age of twelve after she was publicly humiliated and nearly raped for refusing to worship the Roman gods.
* ''January 22'' -- '''Vincent of Saragossa''' (January 22): (d. 304) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Deacon of modern-day Zaragoza in Spain and patron of Lisbon and Valencia, where he became the first Spanish martyr during the massive persecution campaign of Emperor Diocletian.
* ''January 24'' -- '''Francis de Sales''' (January 24): (1567-1622) [RC / Ang.]: Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, famous for his gentle approach to the delicate religious situation of his territory, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* ''January 26'' -- '''Timothy''' (17-97) and '''Titus''' (January 26): (d. 96 or 107) [RC / Orth. (August 25 for Titus) / Ang. / Luth.]: Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) and Crete.Crete.
* ''January 27'' -- '''Angela Merici''' (1474-1540) [RC]: Italian nun and founder of the Ursuline order, dedicated to the education of girls. Patron of the handicapped and orphans.
* ''January 28'' -- '''Thomas Aquinas''' (1225-1274) [RC / Ang. / Lut.]: Dominican friar and arguably one of the most influential philosophers and theologians not just in Christianity, but throughout the Western world, integrating Aristotelian philosophy with basic Christian tenets. Patron of the intellectual class and Catholic centers of learning.
* ''January 31'' -- '''John Bosco''' (1815-1888) [RC / Ang.]: Patron of juvenile delinquents, having spent most of his life rescuing and educating street children of rapidly-industrializing Turin.



[[folder:February]]
* ''February 3'' -- '''Blaise''' (d. 316) [RC / Orth.]: Bishop of Sebaste (modern-day Sivas, Turkey) and martyr. Usually invoked against throat diseases.
* ''February 3'' -- '''Ansgar''' (801-865) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen and missionary to Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
* ''February 5'' -- '''Agatha (of Sicily)''' (231-251) [RC / Orth. / Ang.]: Patron of Malta and San Marino, reputedly martyred for her faith by having her breasts cut off (thus she was also invoked against breast cancer).
* ''February 6'' -- '''Paulo (Paul) Miki''' (1562-1597) and the 26 Martyrs of Nagasaki [RC]: Jesuit Japanese convert and one of the earliest victims of the wave of persecutions under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
* ''February 8'' -- '''Gerolamo (Jerome) Emiliani''' (1486-1537) [RC]: Patron of orphans and founder of the Somaschi Fathers, having lived as a humanitarian offering shelter to orphan boys.
* ''February 8'' -- '''Josephine Bakhita''' (1869-1947) [RC]: Patron of her native Sudan (specifically, Darfur), from which she was sold as a slave until she found refuge as a Canossian sister in Italy.
* ''February 10'' -- '''Scholastica''' (480-547) [RC / Orth.]: Sister (and alleged twin) of Saint Benedict. Patron of nuns and storms (legend has it that before she died she prayed that a storm interrupt the departure of the then-visiting Benedict, wanting him to be by her side in her last moments).
* ''February 14'' -- '''Cyril''' (826-869) and '''Methodius''' (815-885) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Brothers and missionaries to eastern Europe. Patrons of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Macedonia and Slovakia, and as of 1980 one of the six Roman Catholic Patrons of Europe, stemming from their missionary zeal.
* ''February 17'' -- Seven Founders of the '''Servite Order''' [RC] -- Buonfiglio dei Monaldi (Bonfilius), Giovanni di Buonagiunta (Bonajuncta), Amadeus of the Amidei (Bartolomeus), Ricovero dei Lippi-Ugguccioni (Hugh), Benedetto dell' Antella (Manettus), Gherardino di Sostegno (Sostene), and Alessio de' Falconieri (Alexius): Seven merchants from Florence who gave up their privilege to live in contemplation of the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.
* ''February 21'' -- '''Peter Damian''' (1007-1072/1073) [RC]: Reformer of the Benedictine order and placed by Dante in ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'' in the highest levels of Paradiso (Heaven).
* ''February 23'' -- '''Polycarp''' (69-156) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Bishop of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir, Turkey), martyr, and allegedly disciple of Saint John, one of Jesus' twelve apostles. Invoked against ear ache and dysentery.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:March]]
* ''March 3'' -- '''Casimir (Jagielion)''' (1458-1484) [RC]: Patron of Lithuania and a prince of the Kingdom of Poland who spent his short life in devotion and charity.
* ''March 7'' -- '''Perpetua and Felicitas''' (d.203) [RC / Orth., February 1 / Ang. / Lut.]: One of the earliest and most popular martyrs from Carthage (modern-day Tunis, Tunisia) -- the former a noblewoman, the latter a pregnant slave, both of whom kept an account of their lives.
* ''March 8'' -- '''John of God (João Duarte Cidade)''' (1495-1550) [RC]: Patron of hospitals and nurses and founder of the Brothers Hospitallers, a religious order dedicated to caring for the ill.
* ''March 9'' -- '''Frances of Rome''' (1384-1440) [RC]: Benedictine oblate (not technically a nun, but a commoner who has adopted a semi-monastic lifestyle) and patron of widows.
* ''March 17'' -- '''Patrick''' (5th c.) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: Patron of Ireland, said to have driven out snakes from the island (which may be interpreted as an allegory of his successful campaign to convert Ireland from its traditional beliefs).
* ''March 18'' -- '''Cyril of Jerusalem''' (313-386) [RC / Orth. / Ang. / Lut.]: A distinguished theologian of the early Church, who wrote extensively on the Liturgy and instruction of catechumens (people receiving formal religious education).
* ''March 19'' -- '''Joseph''' (90 BC - 18 AD, apocryphal): Carpenter and foster-father of Jesus by way of his marriage to Mary. Sometimes depicted as [[AgeLift a very old man]] to symbolize his chaste marriage. Patron of all manual laborers (Pope Pius XII dedicated May 1, Labor Day, to him as a worker), fathers, immigrants (for guiding his family through the journey to Bethlehem and the Flight into Egypt), Canada, Croatia, Korea and Vietnam, and of a peaceful death (tradition has it, stemming from his sudden disappearance in the Gospels, that he died peacefully sometime before Jesus' ministry).
* ''March 23'' -- '''Turibius of Mogrovejo''' (1538-1606) [RC / Ang.]: Spanish-born Archbishop of Lima. He is best known for his missionary efforts, traversing the vast expanse of Peru to personally administer to his realm, as well as a defender of rights of indigenous peoples.
[[/folder]]



* Saint Joseph, foster-father of Jesus. A humble carpenter of Galilee. He knew very well that he was Jesus' foster-father, but loved and raised Him just as much as if He was his own flesh and blood. Sometimes is shown as an [[AgeLift aged, aged man]], to indicate [[CelibateHero a chaste marriage with Mary]]. Is the patron of all manual laborers, of fathers, of immigrants (for guiding his family through the journey to Bethlehem and the Flight into Egypt), of Canada, Croatia, Korea, and Vietnam, and to ensure a happy death (because he passed away peacefully at an old age, [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming with his wife and his son around him]]).



* Saint Patrick, patron saint of Ireland, said to have driven the snakes out of Ireland. As there are no snakes native to Ireland, this is taken to be [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic symbolic]] of driving out the pagan influences (that, or he was [[JustSoStory very, very thorough]]).
4th Feb '17 11:34:13 AM zero5889
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!! The Communion of Well-Known Patron Saints Includes:

* The Blessed Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, Queen of All Saints. Mary bore and raised Jesus, assisted in His ministry, witnessed His Resurrection, and was (according to Catholic tradition) [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence assumed bodily into heaven]]. That'd be miraculous enough for anyone, but Mary wasn't content with that. She's had an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_apparition astonishingly active Biblical career]], according to pious legend. She is, among other things, patroness of Mexico, of the United States (the US being hostile to Catholics until [[UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy one became President]], the American Church must have figured that they needed the biggest guns they could find), and of France (that's why the most prominent church in all of France -- and many more besides -- are called ''Notre Dame,'' "Our Lady"). Known by [[IHaveManyNames a myriad of titles]] -- you can find an "Our Lady of" just about ''anything''. Beloved and revered in many ways all around the world.
* Saint Agnes, patron saint of girls, chastity, and rape victims. She lived in Imperial Rome, and when she refused to worship the Roman gods she was publicly stripped, dragged to a brothel, and her persecutors attempted to rape her, but they were struck blind.

to:

!! The Communion of Well-Known Patron Saints Includes:

*
Saints
''Note:''
The Blessed list is ordered according to their earliest date of celebration in the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Roman_Calendar General Roman Calendar]], a list of saints celebrated globally by the Roman Catholic Church.

[[folder:January]]
* '''Blessed
Virgin Mary, Mary''', mother of Jesus, Queen of All Saints. Mary bore and raised Jesus, assisted in His his ministry, witnessed His Resurrection, his resurrection, and was (according to Catholic tradition) [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence assumed bodily into heaven]]. That'd be miraculous enough for anyone, but Mary wasn't content with that. She's had an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_apparition astonishingly active Biblical career]], according to pious legend. She is, among other things, patroness of Mexico, of the United States (the US being hostile to Catholics until [[UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy one became President]], the American Church must have figured that they needed the biggest guns they could find), and of France (that's why the most many prominent church in all of France -- and many more besides -- French cathedrals are called entitled ''Notre Dame,'' Dame'', "Our Lady"). Known by [[IHaveManyNames a myriad of titles]] -- you can find an "Our Lady of" just about ''anything''. Beloved and revered in many ways all around the world. \n Her major feasts are January 1 (her motherhood, celebrated by Roman Catholics, as substitute for the feast of the circumcision of the newborn Jesus, held as per Jewish tradition eight days after his birth), May 31 (her visit to her cousin Elizabeth, who was also pregnant with John the Baptist [see June 24]), August 15 (the anniversary of her Assumption), August 22 (the eighth day after the Assumption, celebrated by Roman Catholics as her queenship), September 8 (her birthday), November 21 (her presentation in the Temple of Jerusalem, according to an apocryphal account), and December 12 (her conception, nine months before September 8), with other feasts celebrating her appearances at Lourdes in France (February 11), Fátima in Portugal, (May 13), Mount Carmel in Israel (July 16), and Guadalupe in Mexico (December 12), as well as her titles as Our Lady of Sorrows (September 15) and the Rosary (October 7).
* '''Basil (the Great) of Caesarea''' and '''Gregory of Nazianzus''' (January 2): Bishops from Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey) -- the former was bishop of Caesarea Mazaca (modern-day Kayseri) and a staunch defender of orthodox Christianity against schismatic groups; the latter, the archbishop of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and a philosopher who weaved Hellenism into Christian thought.
* '''Raymond of Penyafort''' (January 7): Patron of canon (ecclesiastic) lawyers; a Spanish Dominican friar who composed the various laws passed by Pope Gregory IX.
* '''Hilary of Poitiers''' (January 13): Bishop of Pictavium in Gaul (modern-day Poitiers, France) and a staunch opponent of the Arian sect, which denied Christ's equality with God.
* '''Anthony the Great''' (January 17): The TropeMaker for Christian monasticism, having spent most of his adult life in contemplation in the wilderness. Generally depicted as either enduring temptation or serving as swineherd.
* '''Pope Fabian''' (January 20): Nineteenth successor to the throne of
Saint Agnes, patron saint Peter. He served to heal a rift between followers of his predecessors, Pontian and Hippolytus, and was later killed during the wave of persecutions under Emperor Decius.
* '''Sebastian''' (January 20): Patron of soldiers and athletes. A Roman soldier and covert Christian who tended to his fallen fellow believers until he was exposed and executed. Popularly depicted as being tied onto a tree and shot with arrows.
* '''Agnes (of Rome)''' (January 21): Patron
of girls, chastity, and rape victims. She lived in Imperial Rome, Died at the tender age of twelve after she was publicly humiliated and when she refused nearly raped for refusing to worship the Roman gods she was publicly stripped, dragged to a brothel, gods.
* '''Vincent of Saragossa''' (January 22): Deacon of modern-day Zaragoza in Spain
and her persecutors attempted patron of Lisbon and Valencia, where he became the first Spanish martyr during the massive persecution campaign of Emperor Diocletian.
* '''Francis de Sales''' (January 24): Roman Catholic Bishop of Geneva in Switzerland during the Protestant Reformation, famous for his gentle approach
to rape her, but they were struck blind. the delicate religious situation of his territory, torn between Roman Catholics and Calvinists.
* '''Timothy''' and '''Titus''' (January 26): Saint Paul's protégés (to whom he wrote three letters, all recorded in ''Literature/TheBible'') and first bishops, respectively, of Ephesus (modern-day Selçuk, Turkey)) and Crete.
[[/folder]]
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