History UsefulNotes / NaziGermany

24th Sep '16 8:44:06 AM jamespolk
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[[AC:Western Animation]]
* The animated short films of Hans Fischerkoesen.
** ''WesternAnimation/DerSchneemann'' (The Snowman)
8th Sep '16 11:43:18 AM faunas
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Books to ''avoid'' include ''Hitler & Stalin: Parallel Lives'' by Alan Bullock because Bullock got many basic facts of Stalin's life and personality wrong due to poor research, and anything by the convicted Holocaust Denier David Irving because he constantly and consistently lied to make Hitler and the Nazis look less evil (except ''The Mare's Nest'' an account of the German V-weapons programme and the Allied intelligence countermeasures against it, and ''The Virus House'', an account of the German nuclear energy project for which Irving conducted many interviews).

to:

Books to ''avoid'' include ''Hitler & Stalin: Parallel Lives'' by Alan Bullock because Bullock got many basic facts of Stalin's life and personality wrong due to poor research, and anything by the convicted Holocaust Denier David Irving because he constantly and consistently lied to make Hitler and the Nazis look less evil (except ''The Mare's Nest'' an account of the German V-weapons programme and the Allied intelligence countermeasures against it, and ''The Virus House'', an account of the German nuclear energy project for which Irving conducted many interviews).
interviews, both of which are still highly regarded by mainstream historians).
8th Sep '16 11:40:16 AM faunas
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Books to ''avoid'' include ''Hitler & Stalin: Parallel Lives'' by Alan Bullock because Bullock got many basic facts of Stalin's life and personality wrong due to poor research, and anything by the convicted Holocaust Denier David Irving because he constantly and consistently lied to make Hitler and the Nazis look less evil.

to:

Books to ''avoid'' include ''Hitler & Stalin: Parallel Lives'' by Alan Bullock because Bullock got many basic facts of Stalin's life and personality wrong due to poor research, and anything by the convicted Holocaust Denier David Irving because he constantly and consistently lied to make Hitler and the Nazis look less evil.
evil (except ''The Mare's Nest'' an account of the German V-weapons programme and the Allied intelligence countermeasures against it, and ''The Virus House'', an account of the German nuclear energy project for which Irving conducted many interviews).
3rd Sep '16 11:06:13 AM Morgenthaler
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Nazi Germany is the name commonly used to refer to the German nation when it was ruled by UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler in the years 1933-1945, also known as the Third Reich.[[note]]Hitler styled "his" new Germany as the "1000-year Reich," for which he got a lot of mockery after the war when it turned out to last only twelve years - although its crimes may well be remembered for over 1000 years.[[/note]] (the First being the HolyRomanEmpire,[[note]]Which actually kinda-sorta did make it to 1,000 years, although you have to twist the definition of the HRE to include Charlemagne (crowned "Emperor of the Romans" in 800) even though the first "Holy Roman Emperor" was Otto I (crowned in 962), and forget that the HRE spent the last 300 years or so of its existence as a powerless shell ("[[Creator/{{Voltaire}} neither holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire]]") kept around as a trophy by the Austrian monarchs.[[/note]] and the Second being UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany under the Prussian Hohenzollern dynasty). The Nazis did not actually change the ''official'' name of the country until 1942; for ten of their twelve years in power, it remained simply '''Deutsches Reich''' (literally, "German Realm"), as it had been since 1871. In 1942, it was officially renamed '''Großdeutsches Reich''' (literally, "Greater German Realm"), to reflect their large territorial gains and the "unification" of the German-speaking lands, and to [[CallBack hark back]] to the ''Großdeutsche Lösung'' ("Greater German Solution") to the "[[AllTheLittleGermanies German Question]]". Therefore, the names "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich" are conventions for historians, not official denominations[[note]]When a Modern German talks about the 1933-1945 period, he or she may often call it ''Nazizeit'' - "time of the Nazis"[[/note]].

to:

Nazi Germany is the name commonly used to refer to the German nation when it was ruled by UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler in the years 1933-1945, also known as the Third Reich.[[note]]Hitler styled "his" new Germany as the "1000-year Reich," for which he got a lot of mockery after the war when it turned out to last only twelve years - although its crimes may well be remembered for over 1000 years.[[/note]] (the First being the HolyRomanEmpire,[[note]]Which UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire,[[note]]Which actually kinda-sorta did make it to 1,000 years, although you have to twist the definition of the HRE to include Charlemagne (crowned "Emperor of the Romans" in 800) even though the first "Holy Roman Emperor" was Otto I (crowned in 962), and forget that the HRE spent the last 300 years or so of its existence as a powerless shell ("[[Creator/{{Voltaire}} neither holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire]]") kept around as a trophy by the Austrian monarchs.[[/note]] and the Second being UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany under the Prussian Hohenzollern dynasty). The Nazis did not actually change the ''official'' name of the country until 1942; for ten of their twelve years in power, it remained simply '''Deutsches Reich''' (literally, "German Realm"), as it had been since 1871. In 1942, it was officially renamed '''Großdeutsches Reich''' (literally, "Greater German Realm"), to reflect their large territorial gains and the "unification" of the German-speaking lands, and to [[CallBack hark back]] to the ''Großdeutsche Lösung'' ("Greater German Solution") to the "[[AllTheLittleGermanies German Question]]". Therefore, the names "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich" are conventions for historians, not official denominations[[note]]When a Modern German talks about the 1933-1945 period, he or she may often call it ''Nazizeit'' - "time of the Nazis"[[/note]].
2nd Sep '16 1:56:12 PM Morgenthaler
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Nazi Germany is the name commonly used to refer to the German nation when it was ruled by UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler in the years 1933-1945, also known as the Third Reich.[[note]]Hitler styled "his" new Germany as the "1000-year Reich," for which he got a lot of mockery after the war when it turned out to last only twelve years - although its crimes may well be remembered for over 1000 years.[[/note]] (the First being the HolyRomanEmpire,[[note]]Which actually kinda-sorta did make it to 1,000 years, although you have to twist the definition of the HRE to include Charlemagne (crowned "Emperor of the Romans" in 800) even though the first "Holy Roman Emperor" was Otto I (crowned in 962), and forget that the HRE spent the last 300 years or so of its existence as a powerless shell ("[[Creator/{{Voltaire}} neither holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire]]") kept around as a trophy by the Austrian monarchs.[[/note]] and the Second being ImperialGermany under the Prussian Hohenzollern dynasty). The Nazis did not actually change the ''official'' name of the country until 1942; for ten of their twelve years in power, it remained simply '''Deutsches Reich''' (literally, "German Realm"), as it had been since 1871. In 1942, it was officially renamed '''Großdeutsches Reich''' (literally, "Greater German Realm"), to reflect their large territorial gains and the "unification" of the German-speaking lands, and to [[CallBack hark back]] to the ''Großdeutsche Lösung'' ("Greater German Solution") to the "[[AllTheLittleGermanies German Question]]". Therefore, the names "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich" are conventions for historians, not official denominations[[note]]When a Modern German talks about the 1933-1945 period, he or she may often call it ''Nazizeit'' - "time of the Nazis"[[/note]].

to:

Nazi Germany is the name commonly used to refer to the German nation when it was ruled by UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler in the years 1933-1945, also known as the Third Reich.[[note]]Hitler styled "his" new Germany as the "1000-year Reich," for which he got a lot of mockery after the war when it turned out to last only twelve years - although its crimes may well be remembered for over 1000 years.[[/note]] (the First being the HolyRomanEmpire,[[note]]Which actually kinda-sorta did make it to 1,000 years, although you have to twist the definition of the HRE to include Charlemagne (crowned "Emperor of the Romans" in 800) even though the first "Holy Roman Emperor" was Otto I (crowned in 962), and forget that the HRE spent the last 300 years or so of its existence as a powerless shell ("[[Creator/{{Voltaire}} neither holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire]]") kept around as a trophy by the Austrian monarchs.[[/note]] and the Second being ImperialGermany UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany under the Prussian Hohenzollern dynasty). The Nazis did not actually change the ''official'' name of the country until 1942; for ten of their twelve years in power, it remained simply '''Deutsches Reich''' (literally, "German Realm"), as it had been since 1871. In 1942, it was officially renamed '''Großdeutsches Reich''' (literally, "Greater German Realm"), to reflect their large territorial gains and the "unification" of the German-speaking lands, and to [[CallBack hark back]] to the ''Großdeutsche Lösung'' ("Greater German Solution") to the "[[AllTheLittleGermanies German Question]]". Therefore, the names "Nazi Germany" and "Third Reich" are conventions for historians, not official denominations[[note]]When a Modern German talks about the 1933-1945 period, he or she may often call it ''Nazizeit'' - "time of the Nazis"[[/note]].
8th Aug '16 6:47:27 AM Morgenthaler
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** The third period, from late 1942 to the end, was quite different again and was essentially characterized by ruthless and desperate pragmatism. It was no longer Germany against everyone, no easy conquest in sight, no quick victory, and no expenses were to be spared. Suddenly he became a "pan-European fighting against the [[DirtyCommunists deadly threat of Bolshevism]]" and the previously despised non-Germans were to be drawn to his cause. The Waffen-SS opened itself to recruitment from all available populations (literally '''all''', down to the "non-Aryan" Turkics and Tatars from Central Asia), the political power of the military class was stymied and the top figures of the [=NSDAP=] and SS came out under the limelight, armed forces inflated themselves overnight, the research projects which had been shelved "if no usable result is expected earlier than 1 year" in expectancy of a short war were reactivated, and the [[FinalSolution mass-murders]] were rolled back considerably and streamlined to cut down on personnel. This was the time of the [[CoolTank Cool Tanks]], [[CoolPlane Cool Planes]], cool weapons, [[StupidJetpackHitler secret weapons]], berserker tactics, mass murder, violence in the extreme to nearly-cartoonish levels, the time of Creator/SvenHassel books.

to:

** The third period, from late 1942 to the end, was quite different again and was essentially characterized by ruthless and desperate pragmatism. It was no longer Germany against everyone, no easy conquest in sight, no quick victory, and no expenses were to be spared. Suddenly he the war in the east became a "pan-European fighting against the [[DirtyCommunists deadly threat of Bolshevism]]" and the previously despised non-Germans were to be drawn to his cause. The Waffen-SS opened itself to recruitment from all available populations (literally '''all''', down to the "non-Aryan" Turkics and Tatars from Central Asia), the political power of the military class was stymied and the top figures of the [=NSDAP=] and SS came out under the limelight, armed forces inflated themselves overnight, the research projects which had been shelved "if no usable result is expected earlier than 1 year" in expectancy of a short war were reactivated, and the [[FinalSolution mass-murders]] were rolled back considerably and streamlined to cut down on personnel. This was the time of the [[CoolTank Cool Tanks]], [[CoolPlane Cool Planes]], cool weapons, [[StupidJetpackHitler secret weapons]], berserker tactics, mass murder, violence in the extreme to nearly-cartoonish levels, the time of Creator/SvenHassel books.
18th Jun '16 9:33:10 PM Fireblood
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* It is often brought up that "socialist" was in the Nazi Party's full name. In truth, this gets complicated. The full name of the Party - "National Socialist German Workers' Party" - would have sounded to a German living in the 1920s and 30s something like "Democratic Republican Liberal Conservative Party" would sound to an American living today. "National" and "German" were right-wing conservative catchphrases (the main conservative party at the time was called the German National Party), and "Socialist" and "Workers" were of course left-wing catchphrases. The name was meant to sound vague and all-embracing, to attract as wide an audience as possible. This reflected the Nazis' nationalist ideology: they always insisted that they were the party of ALL Germans, and opposed democracy for being "divisive". The one constant element in Nazi ideology and practice was genocidal racism and brutal dictatorship, which is what they are remembered for. On most other issues - especially economics - they were actually quite hazy and divided. They had both "left-wing" and "right-wing" factions on economic matters, with the "left" (led by Ernst Rohm, his SA, and Goebbels) advocating nationalization of industry, while the "right" (led by Himmler, the SS, and Schacht) advocated an alliance with the wealthy capitalists and big business, with Hitler making a pretext at being willfully aloof. At least until it became clear how important the alliances with Germany's old school industrialists and militarists was to gaining power and how much of a thorn and threat Roehm's SA was becoming. At which point Hitler swung behind the SS, the "right-wing" faction quickly gained the upper hand, and Rohm and the SA were eventually killed or driven into hiding during the Night of Long Knives. In the end, the Nazis came to power as part of an alliance with conservative political forces, and they mostly continued the economic policies of mainstream German conservatism (which included a 60-year-old tradition of limited welfare state measures, going back to Bismarck). They also placed price and wage controls on the economy, cartelized industries, and the work force strictly controlled in the government Labor Front when unions were banned, with Four-Year Plans to rival the Five-Year Plans of the Soviet Union.

to:

* It is often brought up that "socialist" was in the Nazi Party's full name. In truth, this gets complicated. The full name of the Party - "National Socialist German Workers' Party" - would have sounded to a German living in the 1920s and 30s something like "Democratic Republican Liberal Conservative Party" would sound to an American living today. "National" and "German" were right-wing conservative catchphrases (the main conservative party at the time was called the German National Party), and "Socialist" and "Workers" were of course left-wing catchphrases. The name was meant to sound vague and all-embracing, to attract as wide an audience as possible. This reflected the Nazis' nationalist ideology: they always insisted that they were the party of ALL Germans, and opposed democracy for being "divisive". The one constant element in Nazi ideology and practice was genocidal racism and brutal dictatorship, which is what they are remembered for. On most other issues - especially economics - they were actually quite hazy and divided. They had both "left-wing" and "right-wing" factions on economic matters, with the "left" (led by Ernst Rohm, his SA, and Goebbels) advocating nationalization of industry, while the "right" (led by Himmler, the SS, and Schacht) advocated an alliance with the wealthy capitalists and big business, with Hitler making a pretext at being willfully aloof. At least until it became clear how important the alliances with Germany's old school industrialists and militarists was to gaining power and how much of a thorn and threat Roehm's SA was becoming. At which point Hitler swung behind the SS, the "right-wing" faction quickly gained the upper hand, and Rohm and the SA were eventually killed or driven into hiding during the Night of Long Knives. In the end, the Nazis came to power as part of an alliance with conservative political forces, and they mostly continued the economic policies of mainstream German conservatism (which included a 60-year-old tradition of limited welfare state measures, going back to Bismarck). They also placed price and wage controls on the economy, cartelized industries, and the work force was strictly controlled in by the government Labor Front when unions were banned, with Four-Year Plans to rival the Five-Year Plans of the Soviet Union.



*** This is not to say that the Nazis enjoyed complete approval during this time, or that the German people were entirely unaware of what their leaders were capable of. The forced euthenasia programs mentioned above were started in 1939 and officially shut down in 1941 due to public protests led by clergymen both Catholic and Protestant. Most of the resources were shifted into the concentration camps at that point, and more secretive killing of the disabled and infirm continued to the end of the war. From 1940 on, some Germans removed infirm relatives from sanatoriums and asylums and cared for them at home to protect them from the Nazis.
** The second period, from late 1939 to late 1942, was starkly different and could be surmised as '[[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust megalomaniacal and exponentially more genocidal]]'. It was marked by a great deal of optimism about the future and what could be accomplished in wartime. For a short time it seemed as if the sky was the limit, and everything was possible. Germany's disabled and mentally ill were being euthanised, Germany was initiating ethnic cleansing to free up most of Poland for German settlers, Germany was eliminating every possible threat to national security in the occupied Soviet Union, and Germany's total victory over the Soviet Union seemed at hand. Filled with joy and hope, Hitler approved an escalating series of more extreme measures to ensure Germany's future. In 1942 these included the euthanasia of the unfit (for war-work) two-thirds of the Jewish population outside the Soviet Union.
** The third period, from late 1942 to the end, was quite different again and was essentially characterised by ruthless and desperate pragmatism. It was no longer Germany against everyone, no easy conquest in sight, no quick victory, and no expenses were to be spared. Suddenly he became a "pan-European fighting against the [[DirtyCommunists deadly threat of Bolshevism]]" and the previously despised non-Germans were to be drawn to his cause. The Waffen-SS opened itself to recruitment from all available populations (literally '''all''', down to the "non-Aryan" Turkics and Tatars from Central Asia), the political power of the military class was stymied and the top figures of the [=NSDAP=] and SS came out under the limelight, armed forces inflated themselves overnight, the research projects which had been shelved "if no usable result is expected earlier than 1 year" in expectancy of a short war were reactivated, and the [[FinalSolution mass-murders]] were rolled back considerably and streamlined to cut down on personnel. This was the time of the [[CoolTank Cool Tanks]], [[CoolPlane Cool Planes]], cool weapons, [[StupidJetpackHitler secret weapons]], berserker tactics, mass murder, violence in the extreme to nearly-cartoonish levels, the time of Creator/SvenHassel books.

to:

*** This is not to say that the Nazis enjoyed complete approval during this time, or that the German people were entirely unaware of what their leaders were capable of. The forced euthenasia euthanasia programs mentioned above were started in 1939 and officially shut down in 1941 due to public protests led by clergymen both Catholic and Protestant. Most of the resources were shifted into the concentration camps at that point, and more secretive killing of the disabled and infirm continued to the end of the war. From 1940 on, some Germans removed infirm relatives from sanatoriums and asylums and cared for them at home to protect them from the Nazis.
** The second period, from late 1939 to late 1942, was starkly different and could be surmised as '[[UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust megalomaniacal and exponentially more genocidal]]'. It was marked by a great deal of optimism about the future and what could be accomplished in wartime. For a short time it seemed as if the sky was the limit, and everything was possible. Germany's disabled and mentally ill were being euthanised, euthanized, Germany was initiating ethnic cleansing to free up most of Poland for German settlers, Germany was eliminating every possible threat to national security in the occupied Soviet Union, and Germany's total victory over the Soviet Union seemed at hand. Filled with joy and hope, Hitler approved an escalating series of more extreme measures to ensure Germany's future. In 1942 these included the euthanasia of the unfit (for war-work) two-thirds of the Jewish population outside the Soviet Union.
** The third period, from late 1942 to the end, was quite different again and was essentially characterised characterized by ruthless and desperate pragmatism. It was no longer Germany against everyone, no easy conquest in sight, no quick victory, and no expenses were to be spared. Suddenly he became a "pan-European fighting against the [[DirtyCommunists deadly threat of Bolshevism]]" and the previously despised non-Germans were to be drawn to his cause. The Waffen-SS opened itself to recruitment from all available populations (literally '''all''', down to the "non-Aryan" Turkics and Tatars from Central Asia), the political power of the military class was stymied and the top figures of the [=NSDAP=] and SS came out under the limelight, armed forces inflated themselves overnight, the research projects which had been shelved "if no usable result is expected earlier than 1 year" in expectancy of a short war were reactivated, and the [[FinalSolution mass-murders]] were rolled back considerably and streamlined to cut down on personnel. This was the time of the [[CoolTank Cool Tanks]], [[CoolPlane Cool Planes]], cool weapons, [[StupidJetpackHitler secret weapons]], berserker tactics, mass murder, violence in the extreme to nearly-cartoonish levels, the time of Creator/SvenHassel books.



** ''Late in the war, one German asked how to distinguish enemy aircraft. "It's very simple," another replied, "British planes are brown, American planes are silver, and German planes are invisible."''
** ''Hitler goes to a fortune-teller and asks, "When will I die?" And the fortune-teller replies, "On a Jewish holiday." Hitler then asks, "How do you know that?" And she replies, "Any day you die will be a Jewish holiday."''

to:

** ''Late in the war, one German asked how to distinguish enemy aircraft. "It's very simple," another replied, replied. "British planes are brown, American planes are silver, and German planes are invisible."''
** ''Hitler goes to a fortune-teller and asks, "When will I die?" And the fortune-teller replies, "On a Jewish holiday." Hitler then asks, asks "How do you know that?" And she replies, "Any day you die will be a Jewish holiday."''



If you want to read more about the regime, the most acclaimed modern comprehensive survey of its era is ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Third_Reich_Trilogy The Third Reich Trilogy]]'' by Richard J. Evans which includes the books, ''The Coming of the Third Reich'', ''The Third Reich in Power'' and ''The Third Reich at War'', which are also available in audiobook at Audible.com. Other recommended books are the ''Hitler'' duology by Ian Kershaw, ''Hitler: A Study in Tyranny'' by Alan Bullock, ''The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich'' by William L. Shirer (who was Creator/CBS's radio correspondent until 1941)[[note]]Though slightly dated now, was at the time so successful that it actually got him off Joe [=McCarthy's=] blacklist through sheer force of sales [[/note]], ''The Third Reich: A New History'' by Michael Burleigh, and ''The Hitler State'' by Martin Broszat. Albert Speer's memoir ''Inside the Third Reich'' is a fascinating view from someone with an inside perspective on Hitler and the upper echelons of Nazidom, but it should be read ''after'' you read some of the more reputable books, as Speer (understandably but not really excusably) whitewashes most of the worst Nazi atrocities, particularly as regards his own role in them (he pleads ignorance; in reality, he at the very least [[PlausibleDeniability knew enough to understand what questions he should avoid asking]]).

to:

If you want to read more about the regime, the most acclaimed modern comprehensive survey of its era is ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Third_Reich_Trilogy The Third Reich Trilogy]]'' by Richard J. Evans which includes the books, ''The Coming of the Third Reich'', ''The Third Reich in Power'' and ''The Third Reich at War'', which are also available in audiobook at Audible.com. Other recommended books are the ''Hitler'' duology by Ian Kershaw, ''Hitler: A Study in Tyranny'' by Alan Bullock, ''The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich'' by William L. Shirer (who was Creator/CBS's radio correspondent until 1941)[[note]]Though slightly dated now, was at the time so successful that it actually got him off Joe [=McCarthy's=] blacklist through sheer force of sales sales.[[/note]], ''The Third Reich: A New History'' by Michael Burleigh, and ''The Hitler State'' by Martin Broszat. Albert Speer's memoir ''Inside the Third Reich'' is a fascinating view from someone with an inside perspective on Hitler and the upper echelons of Nazidom, but it should be read ''after'' you read some of the more reputable books, as Speer (understandably but not really excusably) whitewashes most of the worst Nazi atrocities, particularly as regards his own role in them (he pleads ignorance; in reality, he at the very least [[PlausibleDeniability knew enough to understand what questions he should avoid asking]]).
15th May '16 11:48:38 PM Dravencour
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During this time, Germany's policies were dominated by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.[[note]]"Nazi" is the phonetic pronunciation of the first two syllables of the party's full name, ''Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei'', "National Socialist German Workers' Party" in English. Then, as now, this was seen as an annoyingly long party name. It was intended to sound vague and all-inclusive by combining key words from across the political spectrum (successfully so, by the way - considering its electoral makeup at least in the 1930s, it was the first genuine catch all-party in Germany). But to a German living at the time, the name would have sounded like a bunch of people calling themselves "right-wing left-wingers".[[/note]][[note]]It was also a bit of a cruel joke; the shortening was partly by analogy with ''Sozi'', the then-popular abbreviation for the ''Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands'', i.e. the Social Democratic Party of Germany -- who were and remain your standard nonviolent center-left party. They are [[UsefulNotes/PoliticiansAndPartiesOfGermany still around]] and are one of the major German parties, but hardly anyone calls them "Sozis" anymore.[[/note]] The party and the country it ruled are best remembered for being fanatically racist (even by the standards of the 1930s, their views were still slightly unusual). They despised Communists, Socialists, Africans, Asians, and Europeans in that order. [[note]] Interestingly, since there were far fewer black Africans in Europe at the time than Jews or Slavs, direct Nazi persecution against them was less frequent and not always consistently enforced. See the unique case of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Massaquoi Hans Massaquoi]] for one example[[/note]] However they had a special hatred for Jews despite their European heritage, because their ConspiracyTheorist roots led them to consider Jews the BigBad behind the non-racial and non-national ideologies of Communist and Socialism. These posed an existential threat to Racism and Nationalism. The ultimate goal of the Nazis was the complete extermination of these "inferior races"; in the case of Eastern Europe, the plan was to replace them with German settlers as a medium-term goal for improving the European races' odds in the eventual wars with the Asian and African races. Though this is by no means the only policy adopted by Nazi Germany, it was so prominent that it has become one of their defining characteristics. The belief in the superiority of what Hitler called the Aryan race would ultimately culminate in UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust -- [[FinalSolution the use of fit elements of these troublesome demographics as slave labor for the war effort and the euthanasia of their every unfit element]]. Interestingly, the deaths of half of those 11 million people (the 5.5 million Jews) gave rise to the term 'genocide'.

to:

During this time, Germany's policies were dominated by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.[[note]]"Nazi" is the phonetic pronunciation of the first two syllables of the party's full name, ''Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei'', "National Socialist German Workers' Party" in English. Then, as now, this was seen as an annoyingly long party name. It was intended to sound vague and all-inclusive by combining key words from across the political spectrum (successfully so, by the way - considering its electoral makeup at least in the 1930s, it was the first genuine catch all-party in Germany). But to a German living at the time, the name would have sounded like a bunch of people calling themselves "right-wing left-wingers".[[/note]][[note]]It was also a bit of a cruel joke; the shortening was partly by analogy with ''Sozi'', the then-popular abbreviation for the ''Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands'', i.e. the Social Democratic Party of Germany -- who were and remain your standard nonviolent center-left party. They are [[UsefulNotes/PoliticiansAndPartiesOfGermany still around]] and are one of the major German parties, but hardly anyone calls them "Sozis" anymore.[[/note]] The party and the country it ruled are best remembered for being fanatically racist (even by the standards of the 1930s, their views were still slightly unusual). They despised Communists, Socialists, Africans, Asians, and Europeans in that order. [[note]] Interestingly, since there were far fewer black Africans in Europe at the time than Jews or Slavs, direct Nazi persecution against them was less frequent and not always consistently enforced. See the unique case of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Massaquoi Hans Massaquoi]] for one example[[/note]] However they had a special hatred for Jews despite their European heritage, because their ConspiracyTheorist roots led them to consider Jews the BigBad behind the non-racial and non-national ideologies of Communist Communism and Socialism. Socialism.[[note]]Hitler drew a lot of inspiration from ''Literature/TheProtocolsOfTheEldersOfZion'', which infamously cast the Jews as TheManBehindTheMan in regards to Communism, and is suspected to have originated from the twilight years of Tsarist Russia.[[/note]] These posed an existential threat to Racism and Nationalism. The ultimate goal of the Nazis was the complete extermination of these "inferior races"; in the case of Eastern Europe, the plan was to replace them with German settlers as a medium-term goal for improving the European races' odds in the eventual wars with the Asian and African races. Though this is by no means the only policy adopted by Nazi Germany, it was so prominent that it has become one of their defining characteristics. The belief in the superiority of what Hitler called the Aryan race would ultimately culminate in UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust -- [[FinalSolution the use of fit elements of these troublesome demographics as slave labor for the war effort and the euthanasia of their every unfit element]]. Interestingly, the deaths of half of those 11 million people (the 5.5 million Jews) gave rise to the term 'genocide'.
9th May '16 8:02:56 PM jamespolk
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Added DiffLines:

* ''Film/{{Munchhausen}}'': An adaptation of the Munchausen folk tales
16th Apr '16 6:33:21 PM jamespolk
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Added DiffLines:

----
!!Works created in the Nazi era:

Note: German cinema, art, literature, and creative works of all stripes took a nosedive in quality during the Nazi era, as creative types fled Germany in great numbers, and many of those who didn't flee were imprisoned or killed.

[[AC:Film]]

* ''Film/DieFeuerzangenbowle'' (1944)
* ''Film/LaHabanera'' (1937): Directed by Douglas Sirk before Sirk emigrated to Hollywood
* ''Film/TriumphOfTheWill'': Leni Riefenstahl's infamous 1934 propaganda film. Creator/GeorgeLucas stole the last scene of ''[[Film/ANewHope Star Wars]]'' from this movie.
* ''Film/TheTestamentOfDrMabuse'': Creator/FritzLang's last film in Germany, completed two months after the Nazis seized power. Banned in Germany by the Nazis and not screened there until 1961.
* ''[[Film/{{Titanic1943}} Titanic]]'': First feature film about the disaster, made as anti-British propaganda. Surprisingly influential on later portrayals of the UsefulNotes/RMSTitanic.
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