History UsefulNotes / Luxembourg

27th Jul '16 3:54:18 PM nombretomado
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One of the most famous things from the country is a long-wave (later medium-wave) radio station called Radio Luxembourg. This began in 1933, during a mini-boom in European stations that broadcast commercial programmes to Britain in defiance of the [[TheBBC BBC]]'s non-commercial monopoly. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the station fell under Nazi control, but an engineer had hidden some transmitter parts to prevent it broadcasting at full power.

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One of the most famous things from the country is a long-wave (later medium-wave) radio station called Radio Luxembourg. This began in 1933, during a mini-boom in European stations that broadcast commercial programmes to Britain in defiance of the [[TheBBC BBC]]'s {{Creator/BBC}}'s non-commercial monopoly. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the station fell under Nazi control, but an engineer had hidden some transmitter parts to prevent it broadcasting at full power.
10th Jun '16 1:14:22 PM Doug86
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[[UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne Forty years later]], Luxembourg learned once again that being where it is sucks when Germany invaded (and had they not, the French, documents show, would have done so instead). But Luxembourg got off better than Belgium: their comically miniscule army was captured without loss of life by the Germans before war could be declared, and so the Germans legitimized their position by claiming that absolutely nothing had happened, allowing the civilian government to continue. [[BlatantLies Yeah right.]] In practice, Luxembourg was ruled as a German rear garrison with a permanent population, with all effective power being held by the military. Luxembourg was to be asked to join Germany (at gunpoint) after German victory. Thankfully for Luxembourg, this was not to be, especially since -- in large part because of German highhandedness -- Luxembourg became culturally and politically estranged from Germany while defining itself as a free, independent, constitutional monarchy.

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[[UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarI Forty years later]], Luxembourg learned once again that being where it is sucks when Germany invaded (and had they not, the French, documents show, would have done so instead). But Luxembourg got off better than Belgium: their comically miniscule army was captured without loss of life by the Germans before war could be declared, and so the Germans legitimized their position by claiming that absolutely nothing had happened, allowing the civilian government to continue. [[BlatantLies Yeah right.]] In practice, Luxembourg was ruled as a German rear garrison with a permanent population, with all effective power being held by the military. Luxembourg was to be asked to join Germany (at gunpoint) after German victory. Thankfully for Luxembourg, this was not to be, especially since -- in large part because of German highhandedness -- Luxembourg became culturally and politically estranged from Germany while defining itself as a free, independent, constitutional monarchy.
1st Jul '15 10:45:39 AM LeeM
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One of the most famous things from the country is a long-wave radio station called Radio Luxembourg.

During the 1960s and 1970s, Radio Luxembourg was the only English-language non-BBC radio station (not counting the Radio Caroline pirate stations) that could be picked up in the UK, even then only at night.

Quite a few famous British disk jockeys pre-recorded shows in London, which were then transmitted from Luxembourg.

British people could listen to adverts and pop music, both of which Creator/TheBBC didn't play (the latter until Radio 1 was created in 1967).

to:

One of the most famous things from the country is a long-wave (later medium-wave) radio station called Radio Luxembourg.

Luxembourg. This began in 1933, during a mini-boom in European stations that broadcast commercial programmes to Britain in defiance of the [[TheBBC BBC]]'s non-commercial monopoly. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the 1960s station fell under Nazi control, but an engineer had hidden some transmitter parts to prevent it broadcasting at full power.

After the war ended there was some discussion about potentially using the Luxembourg transmitter to relay [[UsefulNotes/ColdWar anti-communist]] programming from London, but this plan was foiled by the change of British government
and 1970s, in 1946 Radio Luxembourg resumed commercial operations.

From 1946 until 1973,
Radio Luxembourg was the only English-language non-BBC radio station (not counting the [[BuccaneerBroadcaster Radio Caroline and other pirate stations) stations]]) that could be picked up in the UK, even then UK. In the mid-1950s it switched to medium-wave and could only be heard at night.

Quite a few famous British disk jockeys
night. Many shows were pre-recorded in London.

By the early 1960s most of the station's programming consisted of record
shows in London, which were then transmitted sponsored by various labels (all of them owned by just four companies), but the advent of pirate radio forced Luxembourg to adopt a more conventional top 40 format.

Luxembourg briefly operated on satellite as well as medium-wave
from Luxembourg.

British people could listen to adverts
1989 and pop music, both added a 24-hour satellite service, but the medium-wave service closed at the end of which Creator/TheBBC didn't play (the latter 1991 and the satellite service a year later. A partly-owned companion station, Atlantic 252, operated on long-wave out of Ireland from 1989 until Radio 1 was created in 1967).
2002 before being briefly replaced by a sport station.
11th May '15 4:57:03 AM SeptimusHeap
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* In ''{{Swarm on the Somme}}'', Luxembourg gets invaded and trashed severely by the [[HordeOfAlienLocusts Grex]], but it has enough [[ActionSurvivor survivors]] (taking shelter in Germany) to potentially renew the country once the conflict ends. They are also determined to help the German (and later Entente) militaries with [[FightingForAHomeland the reclamation of their homeland]].
* ''TroperWorks/{{Covert-81}}'' featured a Luxembourger assassin.

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* In ''{{Swarm on the Somme}}'', ''Literature/SwarmOnTheSomme'', Luxembourg gets invaded and trashed severely by the [[HordeOfAlienLocusts Grex]], but it has enough [[ActionSurvivor survivors]] (taking shelter in Germany) to potentially renew the country once the conflict ends. They are also determined to help the German (and later Entente) militaries with [[FightingForAHomeland the reclamation of their homeland]].
* ''TroperWorks/{{Covert-81}}'' ''TroperWorks/{{Covert81}}'' featured a Luxembourger assassin.
4th Jan '15 5:44:15 AM TheUnsquished
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British people could listen to adverts and pop music, both of which TheBBC didn't play (the latter until Radio 1 was created in 1967).

to:

British people could listen to adverts and pop music, both of which TheBBC Creator/TheBBC didn't play (the latter until Radio 1 was created in 1967).
21st May '14 11:04:31 PM Quag15
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[[caption-width:-right328:Between Germany and Belgium, [[SarcasmMode so nice]] ]]

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[[caption-width:-right328:Between [[caption-width-right:328:Between Germany and Belgium, [[SarcasmMode so nice]] ]]
21st May '14 11:04:11 PM Quag15
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http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/luxembourg_4913.gif
[[caption-width:328:Between Germany and Belgium, [[SarcasmMode so nice]] ]]

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http://static.[[quoteright:328:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/luxembourg_4913.gif
[[caption-width:328:Between
gif]]
[[caption-width:-right328:Between
Germany and Belgium, [[SarcasmMode so nice]] ]]
6th Apr '14 3:34:17 PM LongLiveHumour
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* ''Series/{{MASH}}'', oddly enough, features an episode with a missing Luxembourger. Luxembourg participated in TheKoreanWar, with two deaths and two injuries.

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* ''Series/{{MASH}}'', oddly enough, features an episode with a missing Luxembourger. Luxembourg participated in TheKoreanWar, UsefulNotes/TheKoreanWar, with two deaths and two injuries.
9th Jan '14 5:03:57 AM LongLiveHumour
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Then Otto von Bismarck took over in Germany, and his Germany was anything but lame-duck. He had no interest in allowing the Dutch king to participate and he kicked Luxembourg out. The French offered to buy it up and the Dutch said yes. Bismarck said no, demanding a neutral country (so the French couldn't invade Germany that way). [[FrancoPrussianWar Four years later,]] France learned that you don't cross a [[TheChessmaster chessmaster]] extraordinaire.

[[WorldWarOne Forty years later]], Luxembourg learned once again that being where it is sucks when Germany invaded (and had they not, the French, documents show, would have done so instead). But Luxembourg got off better than Belgium: their comically miniscule army was captured without loss of life by the Germans before war could be declared, and so the Germans legitimized their position by claiming that absolutely nothing had happened, allowing the civilian government to continue. [[BlatantLies Yeah right.]] In practice, Luxembourg was ruled as a German rear garrison with a permanent population, with all effective power being held by the military. Luxembourg was to be asked to join Germany (at gunpoint) after German victory. Thankfully for Luxembourg, this was not to be, especially since -- in large part because of German highhandedness -- Luxembourg became culturally and politically estranged from Germany while defining itself as a free, independent, constitutional monarchy.

[[NaziGermany The Nazis weren't so civil and didn't like this one bit.]] [[WorldWarII Luckily, they lost, too.]] Since then, Luxembourg has been independent and '''filthy rich''', having the highest GDP per capita in the world at around $108,000, compared to USA's $47,000 (though the cost of living is a bit high, so by purchasing power, it's actually second after Qatar at $80,000, but still ridiculously high). And with France and Germany having sorted their thing out, today it's actually a real nice place to be. It was a founder member of the European Union and uses the euro as its currency.

to:

Then Otto von Bismarck took over in Germany, and his Germany was anything but lame-duck. He had no interest in allowing the Dutch king to participate and he kicked Luxembourg out. The French offered to buy it up and the Dutch said yes. Bismarck said no, demanding a neutral country (so the French couldn't invade Germany that way). [[FrancoPrussianWar [[UsefulNotes/FrancoPrussianWar Four years later,]] France learned that you don't cross a [[TheChessmaster chessmaster]] extraordinaire.

[[WorldWarOne [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne Forty years later]], Luxembourg learned once again that being where it is sucks when Germany invaded (and had they not, the French, documents show, would have done so instead). But Luxembourg got off better than Belgium: their comically miniscule army was captured without loss of life by the Germans before war could be declared, and so the Germans legitimized their position by claiming that absolutely nothing had happened, allowing the civilian government to continue. [[BlatantLies Yeah right.]] In practice, Luxembourg was ruled as a German rear garrison with a permanent population, with all effective power being held by the military. Luxembourg was to be asked to join Germany (at gunpoint) after German victory. Thankfully for Luxembourg, this was not to be, especially since -- in large part because of German highhandedness -- Luxembourg became culturally and politically estranged from Germany while defining itself as a free, independent, constitutional monarchy.

[[NaziGermany [[UsefulNotes/NaziGermany The Nazis weren't so civil and didn't like this one bit.]] [[WorldWarII [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Luckily, they lost, too.]] Since then, Luxembourg has been independent and '''filthy rich''', having the highest GDP per capita in the world at around $108,000, compared to USA's $47,000 (though the cost of living is a bit high, so by purchasing power, it's actually second after Qatar at $80,000, but still ridiculously high). And with France and Germany having sorted their thing out, today it's actually a real nice place to be. It was a founder member of the European Union and uses the euro as its currency.
29th Dec '13 8:45:32 PM merlinxchick
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The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (''Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg'') is a very small -- about 1,000 square miles -- and entirely land-locked country in Western Europe. Less than half a million people live there.

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The Luxembourg, officially known as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (''Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg'') ('''Luxembourgish:''' ''Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg'', '''French:''' ''Grand-Duché de Luxembourg'', '''German:''' ''Großherzogtum Luxemburg''), is a very small -- about 1,000 square miles -- and entirely land-locked country in Western Europe. Less than half a million people live there.
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