History UsefulNotes / LetatCestMoi

12th Apr '18 3:53:32 PM penguinist
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* ''Louis XVIII'' (claimant 1795-1814, reigned 1814-1815, 1815-1824) was Louis XVI's brother (it had become tradition for all princes to be given the name Louis). He escaped France in 1791. He returned after Napoléon's defeat in 1814 and secured himself on the throne. Wise enough to recognize that the French Revolution left permanent changes, he willingly made himself a constitutional monarch and kept the least threatening reforms of the Revolution in place. This made him popular enough to not face a revolution himself and France started to stabilize a bit under his reign. He died childless in 1824, leaving the throne to his surviving brother.
* ''Charles X'' (reigned 1824-1830) was the younger brother of Louis XVI and Louis XVIII. Leader of the absolutist faction in the early stages of the Revolution, he left France since the 16th of July 1789 (only two days after the Storming of the Bastille) and thus escaped Madame Guillotine. Under Louis XVIII, he became the head of the Ultra-royalist political group, defined by Chateaubriand[[note]]Himself an Ultra-royalist[[/note]] as being "''plus royaliste que le roi''" i.e. "more royalist than the King". [[TooDumbToLive Charles X never internalised the lessons of the Revolution]] and the people revolted against him when he attempted a ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem move. He abdicated in favor of his grandson, but the Chamber of Deputies preferred to put a cousin, Louis-Philippe, on the throne.

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* ''Louis XVIII'' (claimant 1795-1814, reigned 1814-1815, 1815-1824) was Louis XVI's brother (it had become tradition for all princes to be given the name Louis). He escaped France in 1791. He returned after Napoléon's defeat in 1814 and secured himself on the throne. Wise enough to recognize that the French Revolution left permanent changes, he willingly made himself a constitutional monarch and kept the least threatening reforms of the Revolution in place. This made him popular enough to not face a revolution himself and France started to stabilize a bit under his reign. He died childless in 1824, leaving the throne to his surviving brother.
brother. Referred to in works set before his ascension as Comte de Provence or "Monsieur".[[note]][[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer No, really.]] That was a title for the king's eldest brother, literally meaning "my lord".[[/note]]
* ''Charles X'' (reigned 1824-1830) was the younger brother of Louis XVI and Louis XVIII. Leader of the absolutist faction in the early stages of the Revolution, he left France since on the 16th of July 1789 (only two days after the Storming of the Bastille) and thus escaped Madame Guillotine. Under Louis XVIII, he became the head of the Ultra-royalist political group, defined by Chateaubriand[[note]]Himself an Ultra-royalist[[/note]] as being "''plus royaliste que le roi''" i.e. "more royalist than the King". [[TooDumbToLive Charles X never internalised the lessons of the Revolution]] and the people revolted against him when he attempted a ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem move. He abdicated in favor of his grandson, but the Chamber of Deputies preferred to put a cousin, Louis-Philippe, on the throne. Referred to in works set before his ascension as Comte d'Artois or (after his brother's ascension) "Monsieur".
12th Apr '18 3:32:05 PM penguinist
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* ''Lothair'' (reigned 954-986) was Louis IV' son, and became king at the age of 13 on his father's sudden death. He constantly waged war on his own vassals, on the count of Flanders, on the HRE Otto II, and [[TakeOurWordForIt probably some others]].

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* ''Lothair'' (reigned 954-986) was Louis IV' IV's son, and became king at the age of 13 on his father's sudden death. He constantly waged war on his own vassals, on the count of Flanders, on the HRE Otto II, and [[TakeOurWordForIt probably some others]].



* ''Saint Louis (Louis IX)'' (reigned 1226-1270) was Louis and Blanca's eldest son, and the only French king to be canonized as a saint. He married Marguerite de Provence; her sisters were the queen of England, the queen of Germany, and the queen of Sicily. Extremely pious, he considered it his duty to lead two Crusades to the Holy Land, both of which ended in complete disaster -- in 1250 his army was destroyed and Louis himself was captured by the Egyptians. He died in 1270 at Tunis during the Eighth Crusade.

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* ''Saint Louis (Louis IX)'' (reigned 1226-1270) was Louis and Blanca's eldest son, and the only French king to be canonized commonly referred to as a saint.saint [[note]] though not the only one to be canonized, as both Clovis I and Charlemagne were accorded this as well [[/note]]. He married Marguerite de Provence; her sisters were the queen of England, the queen of Germany, and the queen of Sicily. Extremely pious, he considered it his duty to lead two Crusades to the Holy Land, both of which ended in complete disaster -- in 1250 his army was destroyed and Louis himself was captured by the Egyptians. He died in 1270 at Tunis during the Eighth Crusade.
1st Feb '18 6:56:54 PM Malady
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* ''Pepin I the Short'' (reigned 752-768). Son of Charles Martel. His wife was called "Berthe au Grand Pied", or "Big-Footed Bertha". Yes, really. Campaigned in Italy against the Lombards, becoming the protector of the Popes. Created the PapalStates. Also campaigned against the Emirate of Cordoba and the Duchy of Aquitaine, successfully annexing Narbonne and setting the stage for further conquests in the Mediterranean coast.

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* ''Pepin I the Short'' (reigned 752-768). Son of Charles Martel. His wife was called "Berthe au Grand Pied", or "Big-Footed Bertha". Yes, really. Campaigned in Italy against the Lombards, becoming the protector of the Popes. Created the PapalStates.UsefulNotes/ThePapalStates. Also campaigned against the Emirate of Cordoba and the Duchy of Aquitaine, successfully annexing Narbonne and setting the stage for further conquests in the Mediterranean coast.
27th Jan '18 11:47:34 AM nombretomado
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* Charles VI and his family are portrayed quite unfavourably in WilliamShakespeare's ''HenryV'', which makes sense considering it is technically propaganda (save perhaps his daughter Catherine of Valois, whom Henry V married as per the Treaty of Troyes.)

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* Charles VI and his family are portrayed quite unfavourably in WilliamShakespeare's ''HenryV'', Creator/WilliamShakespeare's ''Theatre/HenryV'', which makes sense considering it is technically propaganda (save perhaps his daughter Catherine of Valois, whom Henry V married as per the Treaty of Troyes.)
11th Dec '17 8:08:20 PM costanton11
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* ''Louis XII'' (reigned 1498-1515), "the Father of the People" (French: Le Père du Peuple), was Duke of Orleans, a great-grandson of Charles V, and cousin to Charles VIII. He married Charles' [[ComfortingTheWidow widow]], Anne de Bretagne, upon becoming king, following a seedy divorce from his first wife (allegations of witchcraft and deformities flew thick and fast from both sides). He and Anne had two daughters, but no sons. After his queen died, the 52-year-old Louis married the 18-year-old Mary Tudor, sister of the notorious UsefulNotes/HenryVIII of England, and died three months later, [[OutWithABang allegedly worn out by his new bride]].

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* ''Louis XII'' (reigned 1498-1515), "the Father of the People" (French: Le Père du Peuple), was Duke of Orleans, a great-grandson of Charles V, and cousin to Charles VIII. He married Charles' [[ComfortingTheWidow widow]], Anne de Bretagne, upon becoming king, following a seedy divorce from his first wife wife, Charles VIII's sister (allegations of witchcraft and deformities flew thick and fast from both sides). He and Anne had two daughters, but no sons. After his queen died, the 52-year-old Louis married the 18-year-old Mary Tudor, sister of the notorious UsefulNotes/HenryVIII of England, and died three months later, [[OutWithABang allegedly worn out by his new bride]].
6th Nov '17 7:21:38 PM JulianLapostat
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* ''François I'' (reigned 1515-1547), comte d'Angoulême before becoming King, was yet another cousin, also descended from Charles V. He was also married to Louis XII's eldest surviving daughter, Claude. Cultured, sophisticated, and a patron of the arts (he invited Creator/LeonardoDaVinci to live in France, owned the '[[MonaLisaSmile Mona Lisa]]', and spent lots of money to upgrade numerous castles). He got involved in disastrous wars with his arch-rival Charles V of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (Carlos I of Spain) and was held hostage in Madrid for awhile. He occasionally appears in fiction and media about Henry VIII, as the two knew each other and liked to wrestle. He died in 1547.

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* ''François I'' (reigned 1515-1547), comte d'Angoulême before becoming King, was yet another cousin, also descended from Charles V. He was also married to Louis XII's eldest surviving daughter, Claude. Cultured, sophisticated, and a patron of the arts (he invited Creator/LeonardoDaVinci to live in France, owned the '[[MonaLisaSmile Mona Lisa]]', ''Art/TheMonaLisa'', and spent lots of money to upgrade numerous castles). He got involved in disastrous wars with his arch-rival Charles V of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (Carlos I of Spain) and was held hostage in Madrid for awhile. He occasionally appears in fiction and media about Henry VIII, as the two knew each other and liked to wrestle. He died in 1547.
15th Oct '17 3:23:53 PM nombretomado
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Louis Philippe himself fought with distinction in the early Revolutionary Wars, but got caught up in a plot with the Austrians to restore the constitutional monarchy established in 1791. He spent the next several years in exile, at first in Switzerland, but later went to America (!) before settling in England. He returned from exile after Napoleon's defeat. The Chamber of Deputies proclaimed him King in preference to Charles X's descendants in 1830, establishing a constitutional monarchy with some but highly limited powers for the King. The July Monarchy--as Louis-Philippe's regime was called--is considered to be an era in which the cautious, liberal bourgeoisie was most firmly in control of the country, slowly building a slightly more democratic regime, with the King acting as slow-builder-in-chief. Slightly, because censorship was very active, and only people who owned a certain amount of property (i.e. the rich, or at least the reasonably-well-off) could vote. Of course, at the time, there were few places where anyone ''but'' the rich could vote (even in America, it was only in the 1830s that some states abolished property requirements, and it wasn't until 1860 or so that they were abandoned everywhere); it would thus be quite fair to call the July Monarchy what it more or less aspired to be: "[[BritishPoliticalSystem England]], but French." It should come as no surprise that ''the'' prototypical tale of boring balanced bourgeois rationality, ''Literature/MadameBovary'', is set during Louis Philippe's reign. So self-consciously bourgeois was the era that the King himself was known to stroll around Paris with his own rolled-up umbrella. The building proved to be too slow, and despite the umbrella-carrying, another revolution in 1848 forced Louis-Philippe to abdicate in favor of his grandson Philippe; the Deputies were willing to keep the constitutional monarchy and install Philippe as King, but public opinion forced the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a Second Republic.

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Louis Philippe himself fought with distinction in the early Revolutionary Wars, but got caught up in a plot with the Austrians to restore the constitutional monarchy established in 1791. He spent the next several years in exile, at first in Switzerland, but later went to America (!) before settling in England. He returned from exile after Napoleon's defeat. The Chamber of Deputies proclaimed him King in preference to Charles X's descendants in 1830, establishing a constitutional monarchy with some but highly limited powers for the King. The July Monarchy--as Louis-Philippe's regime was called--is considered to be an era in which the cautious, liberal bourgeoisie was most firmly in control of the country, slowly building a slightly more democratic regime, with the King acting as slow-builder-in-chief. Slightly, because censorship was very active, and only people who owned a certain amount of property (i.e. the rich, or at least the reasonably-well-off) could vote. Of course, at the time, there were few places where anyone ''but'' the rich could vote (even in America, it was only in the 1830s that some states abolished property requirements, and it wasn't until 1860 or so that they were abandoned everywhere); it would thus be quite fair to call the July Monarchy what it more or less aspired to be: "[[BritishPoliticalSystem "[[UsefulNotes/BritishPoliticalSystem England]], but French." It should come as no surprise that ''the'' prototypical tale of boring balanced bourgeois rationality, ''Literature/MadameBovary'', is set during Louis Philippe's reign. So self-consciously bourgeois was the era that the King himself was known to stroll around Paris with his own rolled-up umbrella. The building proved to be too slow, and despite the umbrella-carrying, another revolution in 1848 forced Louis-Philippe to abdicate in favor of his grandson Philippe; the Deputies were willing to keep the constitutional monarchy and install Philippe as King, but public opinion forced the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a Second Republic.
1st Feb '17 10:21:44 PM Doug86
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* ''Charlemagne'' (reigned 768-814). Son of Pepin I. In French pop history, he's credited with inventing school, earning him the enmity of French children forever after. Also extended the borders of the kingdom through the conquest of the Lombards, Saxons, Avars etc. and created the first version of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire. The battle that would eventually become fictionalized as ''Literature/TheSongOfRoland'' took place under his watch, and the musical ''{{Pippin}}'' is also set in Charlemagne's court. Charles also appears in the lists of German kings and emperors under his German name Karl der Große, which like Charlemagne (and the Latin form it is based on, Carolus Magnus) means Charles the Great.

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* ''Charlemagne'' (reigned 768-814). Son of Pepin I. In French pop history, he's credited with inventing school, earning him the enmity of French children forever after. Also extended the borders of the kingdom through the conquest of the Lombards, Saxons, Avars etc. and created the first version of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire. The battle that would eventually become fictionalized as ''Literature/TheSongOfRoland'' took place under his watch, and the musical ''{{Pippin}}'' ''Theatre/{{Pippin}}'' is also set in Charlemagne's court. Charles also appears in the lists of German kings and emperors under his German name Karl der Große, which like Charlemagne (and the Latin form it is based on, Carolus Magnus) means Charles the Great.
9th Jan '17 5:29:12 PM nombretomado
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* ''François I'' (reigned 1515-1547), comte d'Angoulême before becoming King, was yet another cousin, also descended from Charles V. He was also married to Louis XII's eldest surviving daughter, Claude. Cultured, sophisticated, and a patron of the arts (he invited LeonardoDaVinci to live in France, owned the '[[MonaLisaSmile Mona Lisa]]', and spent lots of money to upgrade numerous castles). He got involved in disastrous wars with his arch-rival Charles V of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (Carlos I of Spain) and was held hostage in Madrid for awhile. He occasionally appears in fiction and media about Henry VIII, as the two knew each other and liked to wrestle. He died in 1547.

to:

* ''François I'' (reigned 1515-1547), comte d'Angoulême before becoming King, was yet another cousin, also descended from Charles V. He was also married to Louis XII's eldest surviving daughter, Claude. Cultured, sophisticated, and a patron of the arts (he invited LeonardoDaVinci Creator/LeonardoDaVinci to live in France, owned the '[[MonaLisaSmile Mona Lisa]]', and spent lots of money to upgrade numerous castles). He got involved in disastrous wars with his arch-rival Charles V of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (Carlos I of Spain) and was held hostage in Madrid for awhile. He occasionally appears in fiction and media about Henry VIII, as the two knew each other and liked to wrestle. He died in 1547.
1st Nov '16 1:53:21 PM Morgenthaler
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* ''Charles V [[MagnificentBastard the Wise]]'' (reigned 1364-1380) was Jean's son. Through a combination of pluck, bribery, and dirty fighting (often performed by the Constable [[BadAss Bertrand du Guesclin]], who once conquered a castle by [[MagnificentBastard dressing his soldiers like the opponent]]), he managed to recover much of the territory the English had seized from the French crown. He died in 1380, leaving the throne to his [[AChildShallLeadThem 12-year-old son]].

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* ''Charles V [[MagnificentBastard the Wise]]'' (reigned 1364-1380) was Jean's son. Through a combination of pluck, bribery, and dirty fighting (often performed by the Constable [[BadAss Bertrand du Guesclin]], Guesclin, who once conquered a castle by [[MagnificentBastard dressing his soldiers like the opponent]]), he managed to recover much of the territory the English had seized from the French crown. He died in 1380, leaving the throne to his [[AChildShallLeadThem 12-year-old son]].
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