History UsefulNotes / KuKluxKlan

15th Nov '16 2:22:07 PM LondonKdS
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See also TheKlan, which is a trope portraying the Ku Klux Klan and similar groups in fiction.

to:

See also TheKlan, which is a trope portraying For fictional depictions of the Ku Klux Klan Klan, and similar groups in fiction.
fictional organisations [[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed clearly based on them]], see TheKlan.
2nd Nov '16 12:01:28 PM aolbain
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-->-- UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People'', retained as an intertitle in ''Film/TheBirthOfANation1915''

to:

-->-- UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People'', retained as an intertitle in ''Film/TheBirthOfANation1915''
''Film/TheBirthOfANation1915''[[note]]Of course, Griffith took the quote vastly put of context, with Wilson spending most of the same chapter condemning the Klan.[[/note]]
8th Sep '16 2:50:10 PM MarkLungo
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-->-- UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People'', retained as an intertitle in ''Film/TheBirthOfANation''

to:

-->-- UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People'', retained as an intertitle in ''Film/TheBirthOfANation''
''Film/TheBirthOfANation1915''



In the 1910's, a second Klan was formed as a response to immigrants from Eastern Europe, most of whom were either Catholic or Jewish, although they still continued their violence towards African-Americans, especially after ''Film/TheBirthOfANation'' was released in 1915. Within a decade, several politicians, churches, and schools openly endorsed or were endorsed by the Klan, with over four million members calling themselves Klansmen. However, after a series of scandals, the Klan waned in both power and numbers during the Great Depression and World War II -- only to come back in the 1950's and 60's as a third Klan, this time with the goal of fighting the Civil Rights Movement. This movement fizzled out as well, and in the 1970s, the Ku Klux Klan decentralized and broke off into various splinter groups that have taken root across the United States. By 1980, there was no single Klan, and as of today, there still isn't.

to:

In the 1910's, a second Klan was formed as a response to immigrants from Eastern Europe, most of whom were either Catholic or Jewish, although they still continued their violence towards African-Americans, especially after ''Film/TheBirthOfANation'' ''Film/TheBirthOfANation1915'' was released in 1915.released. Within a decade, several politicians, churches, and schools openly endorsed or were endorsed by the Klan, with over four million members calling themselves Klansmen. However, after a series of scandals, the Klan waned in both power and numbers during the Great Depression TheGreatDepression and World War II UsefulNotes/WorldWarII -- only to come back in the 1950's and 60's as a third Klan, this time with the goal of fighting the Civil Rights Movement. This movement fizzled out as well, and in the 1970s, the Ku Klux Klan decentralized and broke off into various splinter groups that have taken root across the United States. By 1980, there was no single Klan, and as of today, there still isn't.



* The Second Klan (1915-1944): The most powerful though arguably least well-known iteration of the Ku Klux Klan, the Second Klan was founded as a response to the waves of immigrants from Eastern Europe, most of whom were either Catholic or Jewish, as well as [[TheRedStapler inspiration]] from the film ''Film/TheBirthOfANation'' which glorified the First Klan. Black audiences were ''infuriated'' at their depiction in the movie (keep in mind, there were practically ''zero'' positive depictions of the black community back then, and the film painted over an entire group of people as inferior, violent, and sex-crazed bunch of maniacs who were a threat to the white race), but the film gained popularity in the United States regardless, and eventually took the "honor" of being the first film screened at the White House by president Woodrow Wilson, who is reported to have said, "It is like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it is all so terribly true." Whether he ''actually'' said this is [[BeamMeUpScotty hotly disputed]], though it wouldn't have been out of line with his general attitudes about race. Within ten years, the popularity of the Klan grew immensely, with membership peaking at around six million in 1924 (one year before the Klan's famous parade through Washington, D.C.), and Klan membership was almost a necessity to run for public office in many states. However, a series of scandals -- most notably the rape, murder, and apparent cannibalism trial of Indiana Grand Dragon D.C. Stephenson -- destroyed the Klan's reputation as defenders of law and order, sending it into decline during the late '20s and '30s. They finally died out in 1944. A lot of the common images of the Klan, such as conical hats, white robes, and burning crosses, started here. Klan violence during this time also led to the formation of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League, today one of the chief civil rights/anti-racism organizations.

to:

* The Second Klan (1915-1944): The most powerful though arguably least well-known iteration of the Ku Klux Klan, the Second Klan was founded as a response to the waves of immigrants from Eastern Europe, most of whom were either Catholic or Jewish, as well as [[TheRedStapler inspiration]] from the film ''Film/TheBirthOfANation'' ''Film/TheBirthOfANation1915'' which glorified the First Klan. Black audiences were ''infuriated'' at their depiction in the movie (keep in mind, there were practically ''zero'' positive depictions of the black community back then, and the film painted over an entire group of people as inferior, violent, and sex-crazed bunch of maniacs who were a threat to the white race), but the film gained popularity in the United States regardless, and eventually took the "honor" of being the first film screened at the White House by president Woodrow Wilson, who is reported to have said, "It is like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it is all so terribly true." Whether he ''actually'' said this is [[BeamMeUpScotty hotly disputed]], though it wouldn't have been out of line with his general attitudes about race. Within ten years, the popularity of the Klan grew immensely, with membership peaking at around six million in 1924 (one year before the Klan's famous parade through Washington, D.C.), and Klan membership was almost a necessity to run for public office in many states. However, a series of scandals -- most notably the rape, murder, and apparent cannibalism trial of Indiana Grand Dragon D.C. Stephenson -- destroyed the Klan's reputation as defenders of law and order, sending it into decline during the late '20s and '30s. They finally died out in 1944. A lot of the common images of the Klan, such as conical hats, white robes, and burning crosses, started here. Klan violence during this time also led to the formation of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League, today one of the chief civil rights/anti-racism organizations.
28th Aug '16 11:10:28 PM Fireblood
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Beginning in the 1920s, it's become fairly common for the KKK to be referred to as "fascist", with [[EaglelandOsmosis some observers even theorizing that fascism must have begun in America since the Klan preceded Mussolini and Hitler by over half a century]]. This is probably due to the popular "racism equals fascism" fallacy. While it is true that the second incarnation of the Klan (and, to a lesser extent, subsequent Klans) displayed an extreme form of patriotism not unlike the nationalism found in fascist countries, there have been two important differences. First, fascism is (usually) a strictly secular philosophy, and from the very beginning all forms of the Klan have trafficked in religious or at least supernatural imagery. Second, fascism is very statist (focused on centralization of a nation's government), while the original incarnation of the Klan was, in part, a ''regionalist'' backlash against the statist policies of Reconstruction.

to:

Beginning in the 1920s, it's become fairly common for the KKK to be referred to as "fascist", with [[EaglelandOsmosis some observers even theorizing that fascism must have begun in America since the Klan preceded Mussolini and Hitler by over half a century]]. This is probably due to the popular "racism equals fascism" fallacy. While it is true that the second incarnation of the Klan (and, to a lesser extent, subsequent Klans) displayed an extreme form of patriotism not unlike the nationalism found in fascist countries, there have been two important differences. First, fascism is (usually) a strictly secular philosophy, and from the very beginning all forms of the Klan have trafficked in religious or at least supernatural imagery. Second, fascism is very statist (focused on centralization of a nation's government), while the original incarnation of the Klan was, in part, a ''regionalist'' backlash against the statist policies of Reconstruction.
Reconstruction. Because of such differences, the Klan and Nazis despised each other when both were enjoying their heyday. Now, of course, their successors are far more friendly.
5th Jan '16 1:22:50 AM JulianLapostat
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5th Jan '16 1:22:43 AM JulianLapostat
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-->-- UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People''

to:

-->-- UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People''
People'', retained as an intertitle in ''Film/TheBirthOfANation''
24th Dec '15 1:19:07 AM SSJMagus
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* The Second Klan (1915-1944): The most powerful though arguably least well-known iteration of the Ku Klux Klan, the Second Klan was founded as a response to the waves of immigrants from Eastern Europe, most of whom were either Catholic or Jewish, as well as [[TheRedStapler inspiration]] from the film ''Film/TheBirthOfANation'' which glorified the First Klan. Black audiences were ''infuriated'' at their depiction in the movie (keep in mind, there were practically ''zero'' positive depictions of the black community back then, and the film painted over an entire group of people as inferior, violent, and sex-crazed bunch of maniacs who were a threat to the white race), but the film gained popularity in the United States regardless, and eventually took the "honor" of being the first film screened at the White House by president Woodrow Wilson, who is reported to have said, "It is like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it is all so terribly true". Within ten years, the popularity of the Klan grew immensely, with membership peaking at around six million in 1924 (one year before the Klan's famous parade through Washington, D.C.), and Klan membership was almost a necessity to run for public office in many states. However, a series of scandals -- most notably the rape, murder, and apparent cannibalism trial of Indiana Grand Dragon D.C. Stephenson -- destroyed the Klan's reputation as defenders of law and order, sending it into decline during the late '20s and '30s. They finally died out in 1944. A lot of the common images of the Klan, such as conical hats, white robes, and burning crosses, started here. Klan violence during this time also led to the formation of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League, today one of the chief civil rights/anti-racism organizations.

to:

* The Second Klan (1915-1944): The most powerful though arguably least well-known iteration of the Ku Klux Klan, the Second Klan was founded as a response to the waves of immigrants from Eastern Europe, most of whom were either Catholic or Jewish, as well as [[TheRedStapler inspiration]] from the film ''Film/TheBirthOfANation'' which glorified the First Klan. Black audiences were ''infuriated'' at their depiction in the movie (keep in mind, there were practically ''zero'' positive depictions of the black community back then, and the film painted over an entire group of people as inferior, violent, and sex-crazed bunch of maniacs who were a threat to the white race), but the film gained popularity in the United States regardless, and eventually took the "honor" of being the first film screened at the White House by president Woodrow Wilson, who is reported to have said, "It is like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it is all so terribly true".true." Whether he ''actually'' said this is [[BeamMeUpScotty hotly disputed]], though it wouldn't have been out of line with his general attitudes about race. Within ten years, the popularity of the Klan grew immensely, with membership peaking at around six million in 1924 (one year before the Klan's famous parade through Washington, D.C.), and Klan membership was almost a necessity to run for public office in many states. However, a series of scandals -- most notably the rape, murder, and apparent cannibalism trial of Indiana Grand Dragon D.C. Stephenson -- destroyed the Klan's reputation as defenders of law and order, sending it into decline during the late '20s and '30s. They finally died out in 1944. A lot of the common images of the Klan, such as conical hats, white robes, and burning crosses, started here. Klan violence during this time also led to the formation of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League, today one of the chief civil rights/anti-racism organizations.
5th Oct '15 10:42:39 PM Dravencour
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* The Fourth Klan (1970s-Present Day): The current Klan, or more accurately, Klans. This generation of the Ku Klux Klan is different from any previous generation, namely due to lack of unity, close connections with Neo-Nazis, and loosening of membership restrictions. While the First and Second Klans only considered [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant Anglo-Saxon Protestants]] (and, occasionally, Scottish and Irish Protestants) to be "white", most modern Klan groups will allow any white supremacist to join, and many Klan groups such as the Imperial Klans of America even accept Catholics. The targets and style of their violence have also changed. The lynchings and cross-burnings have been largely replaced with brutal but isolated beatings of innocent people and other hate crimes, and most of their violence is directed against Latinos, Muslims, and LGBT individuals, though Jews and Blacks are still ripe for targeting. This Klan operates less like a terrorist organization and more like a loose group of disorganized crime gangs, further solidifying their unity with skinheads and other Neo-Nazis. Over 32 groups claim to be Ku Klux Klan orders. David Duke was the most prominent Klansman during this time, and was largely responsible for the Klan's shift in tone from an outright hate group to a pro-white "interest group" (though only ''certain'' whites, as explained above).

to:

* The Fourth Klan (1970s-Present Day): The current Klan, or more accurately, Klans. This generation of the Ku Klux Klan is different from any previous generation, namely due to lack of unity, close connections with Neo-Nazis, and loosening of membership restrictions. While the First and Second Klans only considered [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant Anglo-Saxon Protestants]] (and, occasionally, Scottish and Irish Protestants) to be "white", most modern Klan groups will allow any white supremacist to join, and many Klan groups such as the Imperial Klans of America even accept Catholics. The targets and style of their violence have also changed. The lynchings and cross-burnings have been largely replaced with brutal but isolated beatings of innocent people and other hate crimes, and most of their violence nowadays is directed against Latinos, Muslims, and LGBT individuals, though Jews and Blacks are still ripe for targeting. This Klan operates less like a terrorist organization and more like a loose group of disorganized crime gangs, further solidifying their unity with Neo-Nazi skinheads and other Neo-Nazis.white supremacists. Over 32 groups claim to be Ku Klux Klan orders. David Duke was the most prominent Klansman during this time, and was largely responsible for the Klan's shift in tone from an outright hate group to a pro-white "interest group" (though only ''certain'' whites, as explained above).
21st Sep '15 10:00:24 AM FF32
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-->-- WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People''

to:

-->-- WoodrowWilson, UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, ''A History of the American People''
8th Jul '15 7:53:14 AM DesertDragon
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The hatred towards Catholics has died off in most Klan groups (save for a few), but the hatred towards blacks, Jews, and immigrants remain. With changing dynamics, these immigrants are now mostly Latino (and Asian, depending on location) instead of Eastern European, and now Muslims, liberals, and LGBT individuals are added to the list of people hated by the various KKK splinter groups.

to:

The hatred towards Catholics has died off in most Klan groups (save for a few), but the hatred towards blacks, Jews, and immigrants remain. With changing dynamics, these immigrants are now mostly Latino (and Asian, depending on location) and Asian instead of Eastern European, and now Muslims, liberals, and LGBT individuals are added to the list of people hated by the various KKK splinter groups.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.KuKluxKlan