History UsefulNotes / Kenjutsu

16th Jun '16 12:03:49 PM IKEZE-KISAMA
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Chudan'': Centre stance, philosophically associated with the element of Water due to its adaptiveness. The sword is pointing towards the opponent, at the height of his sternum or throat or eyes, depending on school. The pommel is usually one or two fists away from the user's body, though of course this varies with the school and, indeed, the individual. Perfect for thrusting, this stance also allows for cutting movements if the user can safely arm. A close analogue in German longsword would be ''pflug.''
* ''Jodan'': High stance, philosophically associated with the element of Fire due to its aggressiveness. The sword is held above the head, ready to strike down in a powerful vertical or diagonal cut. Most basic cuts can be executed instantly from here, without the need to arm the sword first. Jodan is usually taken with the left foot forward (left-jodan), to allow the torso's rotation (as the right foot is brought forward) to add to the sword's speed.
* ''Gedan'': Low stance, philosophically associated with the element of Earth due to its immovability. Here, the sword is pointed down at the enemy's knee. It's meant to be defensive and/or lure the opponent in for an attack, analogous to ''alber'' in German tradition. From gedan, one can thrust at the lower body or bring the sword up in a rising cut to counter against the enemy's attack.
* ''Hasso'': A side stance, philosophically associated with the element of Wood due to its uprightness. Superficially similar to left-jodan, hasso places the left foot forward, with the hand-guard held beside the face. Hasso portrays a less aggressive intent than jodan. It was devised mainly for waiting to see what an opponent would do, or as a jodan-substitute when the one's helmet was too ornate to use jodan. The closest European analogue is ''Vom Tag.''
* ''Waki'': Rear stance, philosophically associated with the element of Metal, because the other elements called "not it" and metal wasn't there. The left foot is positioned forward, and the sword is brought to the back and points backwards. As it could hide the sword behind the user's body, it was commonly called the "hidden guard" in many ryu. This may also help to conceal the length of the sword or a broken blade to surprise the opponent. Ostensibly an awkward stance, can actually perform various attacks rather smoothly.

to:

* ''Chudan'': Centre stance, philosophically associated with the element of Water due to its adaptiveness.adaptiveness, and Person or Being, as the sword stems from the user much like the soul of the samurai. The sword is pointing towards the opponent, at the height of his sternum or throat or eyes, depending on school. The pommel is usually one or two fists away from the user's body, though of course this varies with the school and, indeed, the individual. Perfect for thrusting, this stance also allows for cutting movements if the user can safely arm. A close analogue in German longsword would be ''pflug.''
* ''Jodan'': High stance, philosophically associated with the element of Fire due to its aggressiveness.aggressiveness, and Heaven as the sword stands valorously high. The sword is held above the head, ready to strike down in a powerful vertical or diagonal cut. Most basic cuts can be executed instantly from here, without the need to arm the sword first. Jodan is usually taken with the left foot forward (left-jodan), to allow the torso's rotation (as the right foot is brought forward) to add to the sword's speed.
* ''Gedan'': Low stance, philosophically associated with the element of Earth due to its immovability.immovability and frankness. Here, the sword is pointed down at the enemy's knee. It's meant to be defensive and/or lure the opponent in for an attack, analogous to ''alber'' in German tradition. From gedan, one can thrust at the lower body or bring the sword up in a rising cut to counter against the enemy's attack.
* ''Hasso'': A side stance, philosophically associated with the element of Wood due to its uprightness.uprightness, and Yin as the sword held above casts a shadow. Superficially similar to left-jodan, hasso places the left foot forward, with the hand-guard held beside the face. Hasso portrays a less aggressive intent than jodan. It was devised mainly for waiting to see what an opponent would do, or as a jodan-substitute when the one's helmet was too ornate to use jodan. The closest European analogue is ''Vom Tag.''
* ''Waki'': Rear stance, philosophically associated with the element of Metal, because Metal due to its latency, and Yang as it is if the other elements called "not it" and metal wasn't there. The left foot user is positioned forward, and the sword is brought to the back and points backwards.like a source of light. As it could hide the sword behind the user's body, it was commonly called the "hidden guard" in many ryu. This may also help to conceal the length of the sword or a broken blade to surprise the opponent. Ostensibly an awkward stance, can actually perform various attacks rather smoothly.
16th Feb '16 8:51:16 AM thekeyofe
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Naginata'': BladeOnAStick. This was the Japanese anti-cavalry weapon developed after the first Mongol invasion in 1274. The naginata is traditionally considered to be the weapon of a samurai woman, and often presented as part of her dowry; however, this is a more recent view than people usually think. A few arts have curricula devoted to fighting with it.
* ''Yari'': Spear. Usually about six feet long or so, used for thrusting and cutting similar to a Chinese spear.
* ''Bo'': SimpleStaff. Commonly about six feet long.

to:

* ''Naginata'': BladeOnAStick. This was It is similar to the Japanese anti-cavalry weapon developed after Chinese ''Guan Dao'' and has been in use since the first Mongol invasion 12th century or earlier. Originally very popular with samurai men in 1274. The the 12th-14th centuries (especially in the Gempei war of 1180-1185), the naginata is traditionally slowly came to be considered to be the weapon of a samurai woman, and was often presented as part of her dowry; however, this is a more recent view than people usually think. dowry. A few arts have curricula devoted to fighting with it.
it (''naginatajutsu'').
* ''Yari'': Spear. Usually about six 6-8 feet long, though there are some shorter variants. There are also longer variants, including 15-20 foot long or so, pikes used in the 16th century. It is mostly used for thrusting and cutting similar thrusting, but the user can also cut with the edge or strike with the shaft. In addition to a Chinese spear.
the simple straight bladed spear head, there are many variations with blades or other protrusions on the sides of the spear head. Using the spear is called ''sōjutsu''.
* ''Bo'': ''Bō'': SimpleStaff. Commonly about six feet long. Some schools also teach use of the ''jō'', which is about 4 feet long.
25th Jan '16 9:47:45 AM Xandemaru
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Nōdachi[=/=]Ōdachi'': The Japanese equivalent of a BFS, with blades reaching 45 feet in length. They fell out of favor after 1615 due to being impractical for use in confined indoors combat and the Shogunate prohibiting the use of swords above a set length.

to:

* ''Nōdachi[=/=]Ōdachi'': The Japanese equivalent of a BFS, with blades reaching 45 4 to 5 feet in length. They fell out of favor after 1615 due to being impractical for use in confined indoors combat and the Shogunate prohibiting the use of swords above a set length.
5th Dec '15 10:15:48 AM Coincleaner
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Katana'': The most associated with the samurai class and Japanese sword arts. It was three feet or so long, with approximately a quarter of that as the hilt.

to:

* ''Katana'': The weapon most associated with the samurai class and Japanese sword arts. It was three feet or so long, with approximately a quarter of that as the hilt.
5th Dec '15 9:52:42 AM Coincleaner
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Iaito'': This is a cheaper mock-up of a katana, blunt-edged and made (usually) of an aluminium-zinc alloy or stainless steel. It's used by beginning students of iaijutsu who have "outgrown" the use of a bokken. It allows a beginner to practice without the risk of harming themselves or dulling the edge of a real sword.
* ''Shinai'': Mock sword made from four strips of flexible bamboo around a hollow core, used in Kendo to facilitate contact practice. Some traditional kenjutsu schools also use shinai, although of a notably different structure than the ones used for Kendo.

to:

* ''Iaito'': ''Iaitō'': This is a cheaper mock-up of a katana, blunt-edged and made (usually) of an aluminium-zinc alloy or stainless steel. It's used by beginning students of iaijutsu who have "outgrown" the use of a bokken. It allows a beginner to practice without the risk of harming themselves or dulling the edge of a real sword.
* ''Shinai'': Mock sword made from four strips of flexible bamboo around a hollow core, used in Kendo to facilitate contact practice. Some traditional kenjutsu schools also use shinai, although of a notably different structure than from the ones used for Kendo.



One of the earliest schools to solely focus on iaijutsu techniques. Eishin-ryu has techniques performed from ''seiza'', ''tatehiza'' and from standing position. One notable aspect of Eishin-ryu when compared to other arts is its focus on environmental considerations, such as attacking from beneath an overhanging ledge or when passing under a gate. The majority of Eishin-ryu techniques are intended for eliminating a single opponent, but there are techniques for dealing with multiple opponents.

to:

One of the earliest schools to solely focus on iaijutsu techniques. Eishin-ryu has techniques performed from ''seiza'', ''tatehiza'' and from standing position. One notable aspect of Eishin-ryu when compared to other arts is its focus on environmental considerations, such as attacking from beneath an overhanging ledge or when passing under a gate. The majority of Eishin-ryu its techniques are intended for eliminating a single opponent, but there are techniques for dealing with multiple opponents.
2nd Dec '15 9:45:22 PM Coincleaner
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Nōdachi[=/=]Ōdachi'': A blade resembling a katana but longer, with blades reaching 45 feet in length. They fell out of favor after 1615 due to being impractical for use in confined indoors combat and the Shogunate prohibiting the use of swords above a set length.
* ''Katana'': The sword that most people immediately think of. It was three feet or so long, with approximately a quarter of that as the hilt.

to:

* ''Nōdachi[=/=]Ōdachi'': A blade resembling The Japanese equivalent of a katana but longer, BFS, with blades reaching 45 feet in length. They fell out of favor after 1615 due to being impractical for use in confined indoors combat and the Shogunate prohibiting the use of swords above a set length.
* ''Katana'': The most associated with the samurai class and Japanese sword that most people immediately think of.arts. It was three feet or so long, with approximately a quarter of that as the hilt.



* ''Iaito'': This is a cheaper mock-up of a katana, with a dulled edge, made (usually) of an aluminium-zinc alloy or stainless steel. It's used by beginning students of iaijutsu who have "outgrown" the use of a bokken. It allows a beginner to practice without worrying if they'll harm their sword or themselves somehow.
* ''Shinai'': Mock sword made from four strips of flexible bamboo around a hollow core, used in Kendo to facilitate contact practice. Some traditional ryu also use shinai, although of a notably different structure than the ones used for Kendo.

to:

* ''Iaito'': This is a cheaper mock-up of a katana, with a dulled edge, blunt-edged and made (usually) of an aluminium-zinc alloy or stainless steel. It's used by beginning students of iaijutsu who have "outgrown" the use of a bokken. It allows a beginner to practice without worrying if they'll harm their sword or the risk of harming themselves somehow.
or dulling the edge of a real sword.
* ''Shinai'': Mock sword made from four strips of flexible bamboo around a hollow core, used in Kendo to facilitate contact practice. Some traditional ryu kenjutsu schools also use shinai, although of a notably different structure than the ones used for Kendo.



* Even practice weapons such as the bokken or shinai are treated as though they have a live edge.

'''Clothing'''

to:

* Even wooden practice weapons such as the bokken or shinai are treated as though they have a live edge.

'''Clothing'''
'''Clothing/Uniform'''



Despite its curved, single-edge construction, the katana was not limited to slicing; its structure made it possible to withstand chopping movements as well. For that reason, the most efficient way to cut would be to blend the two motions, so that the arc of the sword-tip is wider than the arc of the hands; like this, the sword would enter a target obliquely, then come out straight perpendicular to its own trajectory. Of course, since katana were scarcely heavier than 1kg, relying on the sword's weight was not sufficient to cut that way; the practitioner had to utilise his entire body (left hand giving as much or more power than the right, proper footwork, torso linear and angular momentum) to cut with power and precision. It was overwhelmingly common to hold the sword with both hands; however, a handful of schools also taught techniques with a sword in each hand (one katana, one wakizashi), or (even rarer) a katana in one hand and its sheath in the other.

to:

Despite its curved, single-edge construction, the katana was not limited to slicing; its structure made it possible to withstand chopping movements as well. For that reason, the most efficient way to cut would be to blend the two motions, so that the arc of the sword-tip is wider than the arc of the hands; like this, the sword would enter a target obliquely, then come out straight perpendicular to its own trajectory. Of course, since katana were scarcely heavier than 1kg, relying on the sword's weight was not sufficient to cut that way; the practitioner had to utilise his entire body (left hand giving as much or more power than the right, proper footwork, torso linear and angular momentum) to cut with power and precision. It was overwhelmingly common to hold Holding the sword with both hands; hands was the common practice; however, a handful of schools also taught techniques with a sword in each hand (one katana, one wakizashi), or (even rarer) a katana in one hand and its sheath in the other.



Like many feudal societies, the Japanese believed that left-handedness was a sign of evil or deception; therefore, sword techniques were taught exclusively as right-handed. This is reflected in the grip; the katana is usually gripped both-handed, with the left hand near the pommel and the right near the hand-guard. This holds true whether the sword is placed by the right side of the body or the left.

to:

Like many feudal societies, the Japanese believed that left-handedness was a sign of evil or deception; therefore, sword techniques were taught exclusively as right-handed. This is reflected in the grip; the katana is usually gripped both-handed, with the left hand near the pommel pommel/buttcap and the right near the hand-guard. This holds true whether the sword is placed by the right side of the body or the left.



Some schools taught techniques to avoid an attack, others taught techniques to flowingly move the enemy's sword off the centreline as part of one's regular attack. Generally, however, it was considered far more preferable to just attack before the enemy has a chance to react. Secondary to that is to ruin the opponent's technique and then attack, and tertiary is to let the opponent perform that technique and then make one's attack in response. This philosophy is very similar to the one found in German sword-fighting schools, and probably arose from similar combat experiences.

to:

Some schools taught techniques to avoid an attack, others taught techniques to flowingly move the enemy's sword off the centreline as part of one's regular attack. Generally, however, it was considered far more preferable to just attack before the enemy has a chance to react. does. Secondary to that is to ruin the opponent's technique technique, and then attack, and tertiary attack. Tertiary is to let the opponent perform that technique and then make one's attack in response. This philosophy is very similar to the one found in German sword-fighting schools, and probably arose from similar combat experiences.



One of the oldest and most famous kenjutsu schools in Japan. Named after the shintoist Katori shrine, where it's practiced, this school was (and, to some extent, still is) very secretive. Prospective students used to need to swear a blood oath of secrecy before even stepping foot inside the dojo; this practice is still upheld in the Katori shrine, but many teachers in other places readily teach a sizeable part of the curriculum to curious students without requiring an oath. Some of the techniques are only taught to the most trusted students there are, and (of course) always require a blood oath.

to:

One of the oldest and most famous kenjutsu schools in Japan. Named after the shintoist Shintoist Katori shrine, where it's practiced, this school was (and, to some extent, still is) very secretive. Prospective students used to need to swear a blood oath of secrecy before even stepping foot inside the dojo; this practice is still upheld in the Katori shrine, but many teachers in other places readily teach a sizeable part of the curriculum to curious students without requiring an oath. Some of the techniques are only taught to the most trusted students there are, and (of course) always require a blood oath.



One of the earliest schools to solely focus on iaijutsu techniques. Eishin-ryu has techniques performed from ''seiza'', ''tatehiza'' and from standing position. One notable aspect of Eishin-ryu when compared to other arts is its focus on environmental considerations, such as attacking from beneath an overhanging ledge or when passing under a gate. The majority of Eishin-ryu ''waza'' are intended for eliminating a single opponent, but there are techniques for dealing with multiple opponents.

to:

One of the earliest schools to solely focus on iaijutsu techniques. Eishin-ryu has techniques performed from ''seiza'', ''tatehiza'' and from standing position. One notable aspect of Eishin-ryu when compared to other arts is its focus on environmental considerations, such as attacking from beneath an overhanging ledge or when passing under a gate. The majority of Eishin-ryu ''waza'' techniques are intended for eliminating a single opponent, but there are techniques for dealing with multiple opponents.
28th Jun '14 6:04:51 AM eedwardgrey3
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Waki'': Rear stance, philosophically associated with the element of Metal, because the other elements called "not it" and metal wasn't there. The left foot is positioned forward, and the sword is brought to the back and points backwards. As it could hide the sword behind the user's body, it was commonly called the "hidden guard" in many ryu. Ostensibly an awkward stance, can actually perform various attacks rather smoothly.

to:

* ''Waki'': Rear stance, philosophically associated with the element of Metal, because the other elements called "not it" and metal wasn't there. The left foot is positioned forward, and the sword is brought to the back and points backwards. As it could hide the sword behind the user's body, it was commonly called the "hidden guard" in many ryu. This may also help to conceal the length of the sword or a broken blade to surprise the opponent. Ostensibly an awkward stance, can actually perform various attacks rather smoothly.
10th Mar '14 11:14:19 PM Arawn999
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

* ''Nōdachi[=/=]Ōdachi'': A blade resembling a katana but longer, with blades reaching 45 feet in length. They fell out of favor after 1615 due to being impractical for use in confined indoors combat and the Shogunate prohibiting the use of swords above a set length.
1st Aug '13 3:12:48 AM SeptimusHeap
Is there an issue? Send a Message


The first thing that a would-be initiate notices when observing a practice for the first time is the amount of ritual involved: bowing to the ''kamiza''[[hottip:*:head of the dojo where the presiding spirit is said to reside according to tradition]], to the sword, to training partners, when crossing swords etc. This is a holdover from when the arts were widely practiced by samurai; Japanese culture places extreme emphasis on etiquette. More pragmatically, etiquette involving the sword is there for safety purposes; someone drawing a sword in iai practice without observing standard protocol could be mistaken as intent on attacking someone. Here are a few common points, by no means a complete list:

to:

The first thing that a would-be initiate notices when observing a practice for the first time is the amount of ritual involved: bowing to the ''kamiza''[[hottip:*:head ''kamiza''[[note]]head of the dojo where the presiding spirit is said to reside according to tradition]], tradition[[/note]], to the sword, to training partners, when crossing swords etc. This is a holdover from when the arts were widely practiced by samurai; Japanese culture places extreme emphasis on etiquette. More pragmatically, etiquette involving the sword is there for safety purposes; someone drawing a sword in iai practice without observing standard protocol could be mistaken as intent on attacking someone. Here are a few common points, by no means a complete list:



* The blade and/or the handle are oriented towards specific directions when placing the sword on the floor (e.g. for torei[[hottip:*:(bowing to the sword)]]) or giving it to someone else. Exact details vary.

to:

* The blade and/or the handle are oriented towards specific directions when placing the sword on the floor (e.g. for torei[[hottip:*:(bowing torei[[note]](bowing to the sword)]]) sword)[[/note]]) or giving it to someone else. Exact details vary.
16th Jul '13 1:06:17 AM Arawn444
Is there an issue? Send a Message


A school that owes its fame to its founder: the most famous Japanese swordsman, Miyamoto Musashi. Officially formulated during Musashi's later years, it mainly concerns itself with the sword (katana, wakizashi or simultaneous wielding of the two), with some bojutsu and wrestling techniques included.
Niten Ichi Ryu is most famous for its dual-sword curriculum, with a katana in one hand and a wakizashi in the other. However, it's worth noting that it's neither the only nor the first school to teach dual-sword techniques. Also, the main purpose of dual-wielding practice was to make the katana easier to wield one-handed. Musashi advocated the use of a katana in each hand.

to:

A school that owes its fame to its founder: the most famous Japanese swordsman, Miyamoto Musashi.MiyamotoMusashi. Officially formulated during Musashi's later years, it mainly concerns itself with the sword (katana, wakizashi or simultaneous wielding of the two), with some bojutsu and wrestling techniques included.
Niten Ichi Ryu is most famous for its dual-sword curriculum, with a katana in one hand and a wakizashi in the other. However, it's worth noting that it's neither the only nor the first school to teach dual-sword techniques. Also, the main purpose of dual-wielding practice was to make the katana easier to wield one-handed. Musashi advocated the use of a katana in each hand.



-> ''Temperament:'' Calm and composed, influenced my Musashi's Buddhist practice.

to:

-> ''Temperament:'' Calm and composed, influenced my by Musashi's Buddhist practice.
This list shows the last 10 events of 78. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.Kenjutsu