History UsefulNotes / Israel

12th Feb '17 9:13:45 PM Fireblood
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* WarRefugees: All over the place: Zionist organizations in Europe tried to help Jews fleeing during World War II get to Palestine, which was hampered by the British. After the War a significant amount of Holocaust survivors either did not want to go back to their former homes or could not go back (thanks to their non-Jewish neighbors using the Holocaust as an opportunity to take their property, then killing those who tried to get it back), and so they also moved to Palestine (against the wishes of the British and the local Arab population). After the first stage of the ArabIsraeliConflict Israel received a huge influx of Jews from Middle Eastern countries who were either expelled or fleeing from retaliation.

to:

* WarRefugees: All over the place: Zionist organizations in Europe tried to help Jews fleeing during World War II get to Palestine, which was hampered by the British. After the War a significant amount of Holocaust survivors either did not want to go back to their former homes or could not go back (thanks to their non-Jewish neighbors using the Holocaust as an opportunity to take their property, then killing those who tried to get it back), and so they also moved to Palestine (against the wishes of the British and the local Arab population). After the first stage of the ArabIsraeliConflict Israel received a huge influx of Jews from Middle Eastern countries who were either expelled or fleeing from retaliation. Then of course you have Palestinian refugees, who still exist all over.
1st Feb '17 1:48:12 PM a83hg
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* BadassBoast: "We recommend that no Hamas operatives, whether low level or senior leaders, show their faces above ground in the days ahead." Also arguably the first time that international diplomacy has been conducted via {{Twitter}} (this was part of a brief exchange between the official IDF and Hamas Twitter accounts).

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* BadassBoast: "We recommend that no Hamas operatives, whether low level or senior leaders, show their faces above ground in the days ahead." Also arguably the first time that international diplomacy has been conducted via {{Twitter}} {{Website/Twitter}} (this was part of a brief exchange between the official IDF and Hamas Twitter accounts).
31st Dec '16 7:00:23 PM nombretomado
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Although Israel definitely sits on the Asian continent, it participates in a fair number of European institutions for varying reasons. Israel can participate in the EurovisionSongContest because it is within the European Broadcasting Area (along with most of North Africa and some of Central Asia), it participates in the European Football Championship, and it is a member of the Western European and Others group in the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations. This is all partly because Europeans consider it culturally European and partly because the aforementioned tensions with the Arab world making it unlikely to say the least that Israel would be allowed in their equivalent.

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Although Israel definitely sits on the Asian continent, it participates in a fair number of European institutions for varying reasons. Israel can participate in the EurovisionSongContest Series/EurovisionSongContest because it is within the European Broadcasting Area (along with most of North Africa and some of Central Asia), it participates in the European Football Championship, and it is a member of the Western European and Others group in the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations. This is all partly because Europeans consider it culturally European and partly because the aforementioned tensions with the Arab world making it unlikely to say the least that Israel would be allowed in their equivalent.
11th Nov '16 5:28:40 AM FurryKef
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* HeroWithBadPublicity / VillainWithGoodPublicityL A lot of the buzz surrounding the ArabIsraeliConflict pertains to exactly which of these Israel is, if any or both. News coverage would have you believe that the Israeli government doesn't give two figs what the rest of the world thinks about its behavior, but within the Israeli public and media a popular sport is obsessing over exactly this.

to:

* HeroWithBadPublicity / VillainWithGoodPublicityL VillainWithGoodPublicity: A lot of the buzz surrounding the ArabIsraeliConflict pertains to exactly which of these Israel is, if any or both. News coverage would have you believe that the Israeli government doesn't give two figs what the rest of the world thinks about its behavior, but within the Israeli public and media a popular sport is obsessing over exactly this.
6th Nov '16 11:24:52 PM Fireblood
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* AlwaysChaoticEvil / AlwaysLawfulGood - Try to find any media on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that don't present one side as AlwaysChaoticEvil and the other as AlwaysLawfulGood.

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* AlwaysChaoticEvil / AlwaysLawfulGood - AlwaysLawfulGood: Try to find any media on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that don't present one side as AlwaysChaoticEvil and the other as AlwaysLawfulGood.



** Subverted often when the IDF tries to make an effective one of these and winds up making one that is either {{narm}}y and quickly becomes [[MemeticMutation memetic]].

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** Subverted often when the IDF tries to make an effective one of these and winds up making one that is either {{narm}}y and or quickly becomes [[MemeticMutation memetic]].



* CanonDiscontinuity- Maps without Israel in them are available in schools of the Arab World. A strong contender for most audacious CanonDiscontinuity in the history of ever.
** Meanwhile, pro-Israeli writers have been known to refer to the "Jordyptians" [[note]] before the Six Day War, the West Bank was occupied by Jordan and the Gaza Strip by Egypt[[/note]] rather than the "Palestinians," although this is not common.
* ChurchMilitant: An aversion, as most Ultra-Orthodox Jews were excused from serving in the army, making the army in general a bastion of secularism. Ultra-Orthodox Jews who did serve were often shunned by their communities. There is one battalion, the Netzah Yehuda, which is designed to accommodate the needs of Ultra-Orthodox Jews. However, the government passed laws to end the practice of excusing Ultra-Orthodox Jews, although many still refuse to serve. National Religious Jews (who were generally more of a Modern Orthodox bent), however, are often very enthusiastic to serve in order to protect the land they views as holy.
* CurbStompBattle -- The Six Day War. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_day_war Take a look at the statistics]]. Consider the geography. This evidently should have ended in about six days, but ''in the other direction''.

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* CanonDiscontinuity- CanonDiscontinuity: Maps without Israel in them are available in schools of the Arab World.world. A strong contender for most audacious CanonDiscontinuity in the history of ever.
** Meanwhile, pro-Israeli writers have been known to refer to the "Jordyptians" [[note]] before "Jordyptians"[[note]]Before the Six Day War, the West Bank was occupied by Jordan and the Gaza Strip by Egypt[[/note]] Egypt.[[/note]] rather than the "Palestinians," although this is not common.
common. There have been maps in Israel showing all of the Occupied Territories (i.e. the West Bank and formerly Gaza) as part of the state also.
* ChurchMilitant: An aversion, as most Ultra-Orthodox Jews were excused from serving in the army, making the army in general a bastion of secularism. Ultra-Orthodox Jews who did serve were often shunned by their communities. There is one battalion, the Netzah Yehuda, which is designed to accommodate the needs of Ultra-Orthodox Jews. However, the government passed laws to end the practice of excusing Ultra-Orthodox Jews, although many still refuse to serve. National Religious Jews (who were generally more of a Modern Orthodox bent), however, are often very enthusiastic to serve in order to protect the land they views view as holy.
* CurbStompBattle -- CurbStompBattle: The Six Day War. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_day_war Take a look at the statistics]]. Consider the geography. This evidently should have ended in about six days, but ''in the other direction''.



* DefeatMeansFriendship -- With Jordan and Egypt. Or at least "Defeat means a begrudging mutual acceptance that it would be best if we just settled whatever it takes for us to stop shooting at each other for the time being".

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** The fact that Israel held initiative with a preemptive strike also helped.
* DefeatMeansFriendship -- DefeatMeansFriendship: With Jordan and Egypt. Or at least "Defeat means a begrudging mutual acceptance that it would be best if we just settled whatever it takes for us to stop shooting at each other for the time being".



* GreyAndGreyMorality - All over the freakin' place. STRONG InternetBackdraft warning if you ever try to sort this out.

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* GreyAndGreyMorality - GreyAndGreyMorality: All over the freakin' place. STRONG InternetBackdraft warning if you ever try to sort this out.



* HeroWithBadPublicity / VillainWithGoodPublicity - A lot of the buzz surrounding the ArabIsraeliConflict pertains to exactly which of these Israel is, if any or both. News coverage would have you believe that the Israeli government doesn't give two figs what the rest of the world thinks about its behavior, but within the Israeli public and media a popular sport is obsessing over exactly this.
* IssueDrift - Every piece of fiction generated in Israel has GOT to be about some ISSUE (difficulties of immigrants, Arab Israeli conflict angst, the spreading of poverty, the spreading of crime, it just goes on and on...). The prime directive seems to be, "something is wrong with this country, and we will now pick at it for maximum pain", and this is what all TV shows are about and what all the books are about, always. There is pretty much no such thing as Israeli-written fantasy or Israeli-written science fiction, or at least not any that has garnered any serious following.
** That’s just the exported stuff, and not even all of that (''Series/InTreatment'' is Israeli, you know, and so are several other television programmes bought by US cable companies).
* LastWords - The dying words of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trumpeldor Joseph Trumpeldor]], protecting the settlement of Tel-Hai, were "It is good to die for the sake of our land", according to eye witnesses (including the doctor that bandaged him before he died).

to:

* HeroWithBadPublicity / VillainWithGoodPublicity - VillainWithGoodPublicityL A lot of the buzz surrounding the ArabIsraeliConflict pertains to exactly which of these Israel is, if any or both. News coverage would have you believe that the Israeli government doesn't give two figs what the rest of the world thinks about its behavior, but within the Israeli public and media a popular sport is obsessing over exactly this.
* IssueDrift - IssueDrift: Every piece of fiction generated in Israel has GOT to be about some ISSUE (difficulties of immigrants, Arab Israeli Arab-Israeli conflict angst, the spreading of poverty, the spreading of crime, it just goes on and on...). The prime directive seems to be, be "something is wrong with this country, and we will now pick at it for maximum pain", and this is what all TV shows are about and what all the books are about, always. There is pretty much no such thing as Israeli-written fantasy or Israeli-written science fiction, or at least not any that has garnered any serious following.
** That’s just
following. At least it seems this way, especially the exported stuff, and not even all of that (''Series/InTreatment'' media, though ''Series/InTreatment'' is Israeli, you know, and so are several other television programmes programs bought by US cable companies).
companies.
* LastWords - LastWords: The dying words of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trumpeldor Joseph Trumpeldor]], protecting the settlement of Tel-Hai, were "It is good to die for the sake of our land", according to eye witnesses eyewitnesses (including the doctor that bandaged him before he died).



* PeaceThroughSuperiorFirepower: a current controversy revolves around implications for the region if Iran succeeds, despite serious opposition and lack of external help, in manufacturing a single nuclear warhead.
* ProperlyParanoid - Spends a ridiculously disproportionate amount of its budget on its military for some [[SarcasmMode odd]] reason.

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* PeaceThroughSuperiorFirepower: a A current controversy revolves around implications for the region if Iran succeeds, despite serious opposition and lack of external help, in manufacturing a single nuclear warhead.
* ProperlyParanoid - Spends ProperlyParanoid: It spends a ridiculously disproportionate amount of its budget on its military for some [[SarcasmMode odd]] reason.



* SpellMyNameWithAnS - There are a few conventions to write Hebrew into English, and there's no preferred method. One may find road signs with different English spellings than what a map will tell you. Fortunately, for the most part, place names (a town, city, moshav, etc.) tend to be consistent. Usually.
* TheSquadette - Secular women, like most any other Jewish 18-year-old in Israel, get a compulsory drafting into the military where they spend a few years hanging around wearing olive-green uniforms and holding M-16 assault rifles. Though the majority of them probably fill support roles, it should be noted that some 'support roles' in the army are far, far removed from sitting in some air-conditioned office and filing paperwork. And then there are [[AmazonBrigade girl-only combat units]]. Legend has it that in the past they tried having mixed male and female combat units, but whenever the girls would get hurt the guys would [[TheDulcineaEffect drop everything to make sure they are all right]] to the detriment of whatever it was they were supposed to be doing instead. Of course, said legend is rather debunked but the mixed [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caracal_Battalion Caracal Battalion]], a combat unit like any other.
** That first time women served in the IDF was during the 1948 War of Independence, when a desperate need of troops was the main reason to include women. After that women were removed from combat roles until relatively recently, due to the disproportionate risks they took if captured.
* WarRefugees: All over the place: Zionist organizations in Europe tried to help Jews fleeing during World War II get to Palestine, which was hampered by the British. After the War a significant amount of Holocaust survivors either did not want to go back to their former homes or could not go back (thanks to their non-Jewish neighbors using the Holocaust as an opportunity to take their property), and so they also moved to Palestine (against the wishes of the British and the local Arab population). After the first stage of the ArabIsraeliConflict Israel received a huge influx of Jews from Middle Eastern countries who were either expelled or fleeing from retaliation.
* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContext It makes sense in context]], we swear! [[/note]]
* WhatAnIdiot - Lord Balfour or British policy in general, for promising the land to three different groups, all three of which were either not that powerful, or in the case of France, had their own reasons for fighting the Kaiser.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen - In 1919, Prince Faisal (leader of the Arab Revolt) and Chaim Weizmann (leader of the British Zionist Organization) made an agreement that would likely have led to the Jews receiving a state with the blessing of the Arabs. Had the agreement not fallen through, it could have aborted the entire ArabIsraeliConflict.

to:

* SpellMyNameWithAnS - SpellMyNameWithAnS: There are a few conventions to write Hebrew into English, and there's no preferred method. One may find road signs with different English spellings than what a map will tell you. Fortunately, for the most part, place names (a town, city, moshav, etc.) tend to be consistent. Usually.
* TheSquadette - TheSquadette: Secular women, like most any other Jewish 18-year-old in Israel, get a compulsory drafting into the military where they spend a few years hanging around wearing olive-green uniforms and holding M-16 assault rifles. Though the majority of them probably fill support roles, it should be noted that some 'support roles' in the army are far, far removed from sitting in some air-conditioned office and filing paperwork. And then there are [[AmazonBrigade girl-only female-only combat units]]. Legend has it that in the past they tried having mixed male and female combat units, but whenever the girls would get hurt the guys would [[TheDulcineaEffect drop everything to make sure they are were all right]] right]], to the detriment of whatever it was they were supposed to be doing instead. Of course, said legend is rather debunked but by the mixed [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caracal_Battalion Caracal Battalion]], a combat unit like any other.
** That The first time women served in the IDF was during the 1948 War of Independence, when a desperate need of troops was the main reason to include women. After that women were removed from combat roles until relatively recently, due to the disproportionate risks they took if captured.
* WarRefugees: All over the place: Zionist organizations in Europe tried to help Jews fleeing during World War II get to Palestine, which was hampered by the British. After the War a significant amount of Holocaust survivors either did not want to go back to their former homes or could not go back (thanks to their non-Jewish neighbors using the Holocaust as an opportunity to take their property), property, then killing those who tried to get it back), and so they also moved to Palestine (against the wishes of the British and the local Arab population). After the first stage of the ArabIsraeliConflict Israel received a huge influx of Jews from Middle Eastern countries who were either expelled or fleeing from retaliation.
* WesternTerrorists - WesternTerrorists: Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContext It makes sense in context]], we swear! [[/note]]
* WhatAnIdiot - WhatAnIdiot: Lord Balfour or British policy in general, for promising the land to three different groups, all three of which were either not that powerful, or in the case of France, France had their own reasons for fighting the Kaiser.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen - WhatCouldHaveBeen: In 1919, Prince Faisal (leader of the Arab Revolt) and Chaim Weizmann (leader of the British Zionist Organization) made an agreement that would likely have led to the Jews receiving a state with the blessing of the Arabs. Had the agreement not fallen through, it could have aborted the entire ArabIsraeliConflict.



* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' [[Recap/TheSimpsonsS21E16TheGreatestStoryEverDohed go to Israel]] in one episode, though there are very few countries they haven't been to at this point. Notable that Homer was able to get all religions in the holy land to agree on one thing: that they hated him.

to:

* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' [[Recap/TheSimpsonsS21E16TheGreatestStoryEverDohed go to Israel]] in one episode, though there are very few countries they haven't been to at this point. Notable in that Homer was able to get all religions in the holy land to agree on one thing: that they hated him.him. He also suffers from a bout of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_syndrome Jerusalem Syndrome]], a real phenomena that overtakes people in the Holy Land.
6th Nov '16 11:10:21 PM Fireblood
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In terms of the modern Jewish history in the area, there has always been a small Jewish presence in the area that is modern-day Israel (centered around the Four Holy Cities: Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed, and Tiberias) since the various Biblical upheavals that destroyed several Jewish kingdoms (Babylonians, Assyrians, Romans, etc.) and scattered its population across Europe, Asia, and Africa. However in the mid 19th century, after centuries of anti-semetic persecution and pogroms throughout Europe (but particularly the Russian Empire), a Jewish movement called Zionism steadily evolved with the aim of ensuring the Jewish people would have a homeland where they could be protected from the anti-semtic violence and discrimination.

to:

In terms of the modern Jewish history in the area, there has always been a small Jewish presence in the area that is modern-day Israel (centered around the Four Holy Cities: Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed, and Tiberias) since the various Biblical upheavals that destroyed several Jewish kingdoms (Babylonians, Assyrians, Romans, etc.) and scattered its population across Europe, Asia, and Africa. However in the mid 19th century, after centuries of anti-semetic antisemetic persecution and pogroms throughout Europe (but particularly the Russian Empire), a Jewish movement called Zionism steadily evolved with the aim of ensuring the Jewish people would have a homeland where they could be protected from the anti-semtic violence and discrimination.



However, the situation in Europe would only get worse, with the aforementioned Dreyfus affair being eclipsed by Russia's brutal new government sponsored pogroms in 1903, during which the Russian secret police created the infamous ''Literature/TheProtocolsOfTheEldersOfZion'' which seized upon the Zionist movement as "proof" that the Jews were secretly planning to take over the world. A charge that continues to this day in antisemitic circles and nations around the world, and indeed is taught as fact in the schools of several nations.

World War I changed all of this. By 1918, the Ottoman Turkish empire had lost control of its territory in Palestine to the French (who had a mandate over what is now Syria and Lebanon) and Palestine to the British who took control as mandated by the League of Nations. It should be mentioned here that even while WWI still was being fought the British and French reached the secret [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes%E2%80%93Picot_Agreement Sykes–Picot Agreement]] where they would divide the Middle East as loot between themselves. Abandoning [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein%E2%80%93McMahon_Correspondence earlier support]] promising Arabs in the region recognition of Arab independence. Note the secret part meant the British in particular were essentially lying through their their teeth to the same [[LawrenceOfArabia Arabs they had encouraged to revolt against the Ottoman Empire]].

Perhaps more importantly for Zionists was a declaration by the British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour in 1917, known as the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration_of_1917 Balfour Declaration]], which promised to allow larger scale Jewish settlement in Palestine. This was a major breakthrough for the Zionist movement, as not only had a previously hostile ruler of Palestine been removed, but the nation which supplanted it was both Liberal towards the Jews (relatively speaking) and had also promised to let them settle, so long as it was peaceful and that the native Palestinian Arabs were respected. All in all it seemed that things were looking pretty good.

Unsuprisingly things were not that simple.

The past half century of Jewish interest in the area has perturbed many Palestinians, who believed this was the precursor to a full on Jewish takeover of their land. This fear had only been compounded by the growth of the Zionist movement and the threat Arab nationalists perceived this to be to their homeland, families and children. The Zionist plan of colonizing Palestine with large numbers of mostly European Jews in the 1920s caused serious concern amongst the Palestinians. Compounding the problems with Zionist colonization, was a (well justified) sense of betrayal felt by many Palestinians over the fact the British promised them independence during WWI yet now seemed to be betraying them in favor of the Jews.

In 1920 anti Jewish rioting broke out in UsefulNotes/{{Jerusalem}}, in response to the Jewish immigrants, during which enraged Palestinians attacked Jewish areas in Jerusalem, causing massive devastation to Jewish property and murdering several Jews. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haganah#1920_and_1921_Arab_riots The Haganah]] was formed, who would later become the core of the IDF, in response to these riots and the feeling amongst the Jewish community that the British mandate authorities were taking insufficient action to prevent them.

to:

However, the situation in Europe would only get worse, with the aforementioned Dreyfus affair being eclipsed by Russia's brutal new government sponsored pogroms in 1903, during which the Russian secret police created the infamous ''Literature/TheProtocolsOfTheEldersOfZion'' which was seized upon the Zionist movement by antisemites as "proof" that the Jews were secretly planning to take over the world. A This is a charge that continues continued to this day in antisemitic circles and nations around the world, and indeed is taught as fact in the schools of several nations.

World War I changed all of this. By 1918, the Ottoman Turkish empire had lost control of its territory in Palestine to the French (who had a mandate over what is now Syria and Lebanon) and Palestine to the British who took control as mandated by the League of Nations. It should be mentioned here that even while WWI still was being fought the British and French reached the secret [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes%E2%80%93Picot_Agreement Sykes–Picot Agreement]] where they would divide the Middle East as loot between themselves. Abandoning themselves, abandoning [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein%E2%80%93McMahon_Correspondence earlier support]] promising Arabs in the region recognition of Arab independence. Note the secret part meant the British in particular were essentially lying through their their teeth to the same [[LawrenceOfArabia Arabs they had encouraged to revolt against the Ottoman Empire]].

Perhaps more importantly for Zionists was a declaration by the British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour in 1917, known as the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration_of_1917 Balfour Declaration]], which promised to allow larger scale Jewish settlement in Palestine. This was a major breakthrough for the Zionist movement, as not only had a previously hostile ruler of Palestine been removed, but the nation which supplanted it was both Liberal liberal towards the Jews (relatively speaking) and had also promised to let them settle, so long as it was peaceful and that the native Palestinian Arabs were respected. All in all it seemed that things were looking pretty good.

Unsuprisingly Unsurprisingly things were not that simple.

The past half century of Jewish interest in the area has perturbed many Palestinians, who believed this was the precursor to a full on Jewish takeover of their land. This fear had only been compounded by the growth of the Zionist movement and the threat Arab nationalists perceived this to be to their homeland, families and children. The Zionist plan of colonizing Palestine with large numbers of mostly European Jews in the 1920s caused serious concern amongst among the Palestinians. Compounding the problems with Zionist colonization, colonization was a (well justified) (well-justified) sense of betrayal felt by many Palestinians over the fact the British promised them independence during WWI yet now seemed to be betraying them in favor of the Jews.

In 1920 anti Jewish anti-Jewish rioting broke out in UsefulNotes/{{Jerusalem}}, UsefulNotes/{{Jerusalem}} in response to the Jewish immigrants, during which enraged Palestinians attacked Jewish areas in Jerusalem, causing massive devastation to Jewish property and murdering several Jews. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haganah#1920_and_1921_Arab_riots The Haganah]] was formed, who would later become the core of the IDF, in response to these riots and the feeling amongst among the Jewish community that the British mandate authorities were taking insufficient action to prevent them.



Eventually, tensions grew even worse and were exacerbated by economic and social problems, causing a full blown war to break out in the 1936 Arab uprising, Britain crushed the rebellion, though massive distrust and bitterness still festered. The British authorities began to put limits on Jewish immigration.

During the 1930s however, a new threat to the Jews emerged in the form of a new political movement known as Fascism which was sweeping central Europe, with Antisemitism being almost always a key component in this movement, and more significant was the appearance of [[UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler a bizarrely mustachioed Austrian Corporal]] who had come to power in Germany. Due to this increasingly terrifying political reality for Jews in Europe, many of the wealthier ones fled to Palestine.

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Eventually, tensions grew even worse and were exacerbated by economic and social problems, causing a full blown full-blown war to break out in the 1936 Arab uprising, uprising. Britain crushed the rebellion, though massive distrust and bitterness still festered. The British authorities began to put limits on Jewish immigration.

During the 1930s however, a new threat to the Jews emerged in the form of a new political movement known as Fascism fascism which was sweeping central Europe, with Antisemitism antisemitism being almost always a key component in this movement, and more significant was the appearance of [[UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler a bizarrely mustachioed Austrian Corporal]] who had come to power in Germany. Due to this increasingly terrifying political reality for Jews in Europe, many of the wealthier ones fled to Palestine.



World War II and the Holocaust resulted in the murder of two thirds of the Jews in Europe, and the utter extermination of nearly every Jewish community which had sheltered Ashkenazi Jews for centuries. Now Zionism, once seen as a pointless pipe dream by many European Jews, now seemed to be an utmost necessity to survival.

During the War, Britain had persisted in trying to keep tensions to a minimum by minimizing the influx of Jews to Palestine, especially now that this had become a major ideological issue for many soon-to-be Muslim states, states which, being only recently made colonies of Allied powers, could easily be persuaded to make common cause with the Axis should they be provoked. However, this then caused active Jewish resistance to British rule, either by way of illegally bringing more Jews into Palestine, or actively attacking British soldiers and officials ([[InsaneTrollLogic with some like the Lehi having started attacking British soldiers and bases during UsefulNotes/WW2, even attempting to ally with Hitler to drive the British out]][[labelnote:*]]This is not as insane as it initially seems. First, Jewish and Zionist organizations ran the political gamut, some of the more violent organizations were openly fascistic, including the Lehi. Second, Nazi antisemitic policy changed a lot before Final Solution became the official plan in 1942. Initially, Hitler wanted to ''deport'' all of the Jews in German and later Europe, a position to which the Zionists were actually somewhat amenable, since the displaced Jews could then settle in Palestine. This led to something of a detente, with Hitler essentially "selling" Jews to the Zionists (financed by the unbelievably wealthy Rothschilds), the Zionists resettling them in Palestine, and the Rothschilds providing economic support to the settlers. It worked fairly well for a while, with some 60,000 Jews escaping to Palestine in this manner. In this context, certain right-wing Jewish militant organizations attempting to align with Hitler against the British seems considerably less absurd.[[/labelnote]]) This developed into a rather brutal guerrilla war, with the expected atrocities committed by both Jewish insurgency and British retaliations, further dividing the Jewish immigrants and Britain.

However, by this point Britain's empire was being steadily disassembled, and Arab oil was vital to Britain and its interests, so Britain continued trying to keep some semblance of balance between the Palestinians and the Jews while drawing up plans for British withdrawal and not wanting to get involved in any resulting war. They also made passionate moral arguments (with varying degrees of sincerity) against the mass immigration - surely, they said, if the Jews left Europe, then the anti-semitic argument that they could not co exist with Gentiles was as good as granted? The British were also extremely annoyed by other nations essentially dumping their refugees on the British Empire - President Truman, for instance, issued only 100,000 visas for European Jews, whilst encouraging 300,000 to go to Palestine. This resulted in many Jews escaping Europe to either be interned or even forcibly deported after attempting to illegally enter Palestine. Needless to say, this was a PR nightmare for Britain, and resulted in the UN stepping in to effectively order Britain to partition Palestine into a Jewish state and a Palestinian state, a demand now supported by both the US and the Soviet Union.

Despite extreme reluctance, Britain eventually agreed to the UN's demands, and in 1948 pulled out. Their fears of a war between the Jewish immigrants the Arab states already realized the Jewish insurgency rolling right into a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947%E2%80%931948_Civil_War_in_Mandatory_Palestine Civil War]] before the British even withdrew. The day that Israel declared independence, based on the United Nations plan that was rejected by Palestinians and Arab states, war was declared by seven Arab states. Palestinians were expelled from the areas they lived in in accordance of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_Dalet Plan Dalet]] or ordered to leave by their leaders, depending on who you ask. By 1949 the war had finished in Israel's favor, but with massive tensions with the Arab world, and serious issues regarding the hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees still simmering. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_exodus_from_Arab_and_Muslim_countries To make things more complicated, 800,000–1,000,000 Jews either left willingly, what Zionist organizations termed aliyah, or were expelled from their homes in Arab countries]]. The majority of Israel's Jewish population are descended from these Jews and other Mizrachi, or "Oriental," Jewish populations that had arrived earlier. To make matters more complicated, there is still a substantial Arab minority in Israel, making up 10-15% of the population--and many of them are Christians, rather than Muslims, especially in cities that are significant to Christianity, such as Nazareth. While they are citizens of Israel, their status relative to Jewish citizens is subject of much InternetBackdraft.

Since then, the "Arab-Israeli Conflict" has continued without any significant improvement as all sides got increasingly more radical and aggressive due to the underlying religious and political tensions that had built up since the 1920s. To this day Israel remains at odds with most of its neighbours and the UN, despite the fact that the UN decision gave Israel a significant portion of mandate Palestine that Zionists were not in ownership of (see Plan Dalet). As an interesting aside, technically Israel has only ever successfully made peace with two Arab nations (Jordan and Egypt), and thus is still at war with at least five of them, making the "Arab-Israeli Conflict" one of the longest wars in history, although that's not the usual usage of that term.

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World War II and the Holocaust resulted in the murder of two thirds two-thirds of the Jews in Europe, and the utter extermination of nearly every Jewish community which had sheltered Ashkenazi Jews for centuries. Now Zionism, once seen as a pointless pipe dream by many European Jews, now seemed to be an utmost necessity to survival.survive.

During the War, Britain had persisted in trying to keep tensions to a minimum by minimizing the influx of Jews to Palestine, especially now that this had become a major ideological issue for many soon-to-be Muslim states, states states-states which, being only recently made colonies of Allied powers, could easily be persuaded to make common cause with the Axis should they be provoked. However, this then caused active Jewish resistance to British rule, either by way of illegally bringing more Jews into Palestine, or actively attacking British soldiers and officials ([[InsaneTrollLogic with some like the Lehi having started attacking British soldiers and bases during UsefulNotes/WW2, even attempting to ally with Hitler to drive the British out]][[labelnote:*]]This out.]][[labelnote:*]]This is not as insane as it initially seems. First, Jewish and Zionist organizations ran the political gamut, some gamut. Some of the more violent organizations were openly fascistic, including the Lehi. Second, Nazi antisemitic policy changed a lot before Final Solution the FinalSolution became the official plan in 1942. Initially, Hitler wanted to ''deport'' all of the Jews in German Germany and later Europe, a position to which the Zionists were actually somewhat amenable, since the displaced Jews could then settle in Palestine. This led to something of a detente, with Hitler essentially "selling" Jews to the Zionists (financed by the unbelievably wealthy Rothschilds), the Zionists resettling them in Palestine, and the Rothschilds providing economic support to the settlers. It worked fairly well for a while, with some 60,000 Jews escaping to Palestine in this manner. In this context, certain right-wing Jewish militant organizations attempting to align with Hitler against the British seems considerably less absurd.[[/labelnote]]) This developed into a rather brutal guerrilla war, with the expected atrocities committed by both Jewish insurgency insurgents and British retaliations, troops in retaliation, further dividing the Jewish immigrants and Britain.

However, by this point Britain's empire was being steadily disassembled, and Arab oil was vital to Britain and its interests, so Britain continued trying to keep some semblance of balance between the Palestinians and the Jews while drawing up plans for British withdrawal and not wanting to get involved in any resulting war. They also made passionate moral arguments (with varying degrees of sincerity) against the mass immigration - surely, they said, if the Jews left Europe, then the anti-semitic antisemitic argument that they could not co exist co-exist with Gentiles gentiles was as good as granted? The British were also extremely annoyed by other nations essentially dumping their refugees on the British Empire - President Truman, for instance, issued only 100,000 visas for European Jews, whilst encouraging 300,000 to go to Palestine. This resulted in many Jews escaping Europe to either be interned or even be forcibly deported after attempting to illegally enter Palestine. Needless to say, this was a PR nightmare for Britain, and resulted in the UN stepping in to effectively order Britain to partition Palestine into a Jewish state and a Palestinian state, a demand now supported by both the US and the Soviet Union.

Despite extreme reluctance, Britain eventually agreed to the UN's demands, and in 1948 pulled out. Their fears of a war between the Jewish immigrants the Arab states and Palestinians were already realized realized, with the Jewish insurgency rolling right into a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947%E2%80%931948_Civil_War_in_Mandatory_Palestine Civil War]] civil war]] before the British even withdrew. The day that Israel declared independence, based on the United Nations plan that was rejected by Palestinians and Arab states, war was declared by seven Arab states. Palestinians were expelled from the areas they lived in in accordance of with [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_Dalet Plan Dalet]] or ordered to leave by their leaders, depending on who you ask. By 1949 the war had finished in Israel's favor, but with massive tensions with the Arab world, and serious issues regarding the hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees still simmering. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_exodus_from_Arab_and_Muslim_countries To make things more complicated, complicated]], 800,000–1,000,000 Jews either left willingly, what Zionist organizations termed aliyah, or were expelled from their homes in Arab countries]]. countries. The majority of Israel's Jewish population are is descended from these Jews and other Mizrachi, or "Oriental," Jewish populations that had arrived earlier. To make matters more even ''more'' complicated, there is still a substantial Arab minority in Israel, making up 10-15% of the population--and many of them are Christians, rather than Muslims, especially in cities that are significant to Christianity, such as Nazareth. While they are citizens of Israel, their status relative to Jewish citizens is subject of much InternetBackdraft.

Since then, the "Arab-Israeli Conflict" has continued without any significant improvement as all sides got increasingly more radical and aggressive due to the underlying religious and political tensions that had built up since the 1920s. To this day Israel remains at odds with most of its neighbours neighbors and the UN, despite the fact that the UN decision gave Israel a significant portion of mandate Palestine that Zionists were not in ownership of (see Plan Dalet). As an interesting aside, technically Israel has only ever successfully made peace with two Arab nations (Jordan and Egypt), and thus is still at war with at least five of them, making the "Arab-Israeli Conflict" one of the longest wars in history, although that's not the usual usage of that term.



Israel is a popular tourist destination, especially for Abrahamic religious tourists [[note]] But not Muslims[[/note]], as it contains many holy sites. However, most Israeli business is conducted in TelAviv due to being safer and more politically stable than capital Jerusalem.

You might be familiar with the [[RareGuns Desert Eagle]], go-to massive pistol for all occasions. Israel is also noted for its unique culture, being a mix of Jewish traditions from Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, and Africa, as well as non-Jewish European, American, and Arab culture[[note]] the latter particularly in the area of cuisine--no matter how much the country looks to the West, the Israeli kitchen is very firmly Middle Eastern--to the annoyance of many Arabs[[/note]].

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Israel is a popular tourist destination, especially for Abrahamic religious tourists [[note]] tourists,[[note]] But not Muslims[[/note]], Muslims.[[/note]] as it contains many holy sites. However, most Israeli business is conducted in TelAviv due to being safer and more politically stable than the capital Jerusalem.

You might be familiar with the [[RareGuns Desert Eagle]], go-to massive pistol for all occasions. Israel is also noted for its unique culture, being a mix of Jewish traditions from Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, and Africa, as well as non-Jewish European, American, and Arab culture[[note]] the culture.[[note]]The latter particularly in the area of cuisine--no matter how much the country looks to the West, the Israeli kitchen is very firmly Middle Eastern--to the annoyance of many Arabs[[/note]].
Arabs[[/note]]



* UsefulNotes/IsraelisWithInfraredMissiles: The Israeli Defense Force, the national military of Israel. All Jewish citizens are expected to serve, except for Haredim (Ultra-Orthodox Jews), although the current ruling coalition is working to remove this exemption. Haredim are welcome to volunteer to join the IDF, and there is [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netzah_Yehuda_Battalion#Religious_accommodation a battalion that exists specifically to accomodate their religious needs]]. Doing this is still considered controversial in the Haredi community (which worries that it will encourage Haredi men to secularize and abandon Judaism). In addition to Jews, Druze (an Arabic religious minority) and Circassian (a Caucasian/Central Asian Muslim minority) men are also drafted automatically. Other Israeli Arabs can and do volunteer, mostly Bedouins from the Negev desert and occasionally Arab Christians, although this is still fairly rare.
* Israeli Political System -- Israel has a Westminister-style parliamentary democracy with universal suffrage and--significantly--a party-list direct-proportional system based on that of[[/index]] UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands,[[index]] with a very low threshold. This explains why their government often seems crazy: coalitions can live or die if as little as 2.5% of the vote swings to one party instead of another.
** There have been calls to raise the threshold, but also objections to doing it--mostly by members of the three current Arab parties and their allies who worry they wouldn't be able to make it in unless they combined, which, given that their ideologies have no similarities aside from the fact that all three are non-Zionist--Hadash is Communist/Socialist, Balad is secular Arab nationalist, and the UAL is Islamist, is unfeasible.

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* UsefulNotes/IsraelisWithInfraredMissiles: The Israeli Defense Force, the national military of Israel. All Jewish citizens are expected to serve, except for Haredim (Ultra-Orthodox Jews), although the current ruling coalition is working to remove this exemption. Haredim are welcome to volunteer to join the IDF, and there is [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netzah_Yehuda_Battalion#Religious_accommodation a battalion that exists specifically to accomodate accommodate their religious needs]]. Doing this is still considered controversial in the Haredi community (which worries that it will encourage Haredi men to secularize and abandon Judaism). In addition to Jews, Druze (an Arabic Arab religious minority) and Circassian (a Caucasian/Central Asian Muslim minority) men are also drafted automatically. Other Israeli Arabs can and do volunteer, mostly Bedouins from the Negev desert and occasionally Arab Christians, although this is still fairly rare.
* Israeli Political System -- Israel has a Westminister-style parliamentary democracy with universal suffrage and--significantly--a party-list direct-proportional system based on that of[[/index]] UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands,[[index]] of[[/index]]UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands[[index]], with a very low threshold. This explains why their government often seems crazy: coalitions can live or die if as little as 2.5% of the vote swings to one party instead of another.
** There have been calls to raise the threshold, but also objections to doing it--mostly by members of the three current Arab parties and their allies who worry they wouldn't be able to make it in unless they combined, which, given that their ideologies have no similarities aside from the fact that all three are non-Zionist--Hadash is Communist/Socialist, Balad is secular Arab nationalist, and the UAL is Islamist, is Islamist--is unfeasible.



* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows, to a certain extent, the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations; however, its legal system is also heavily influenced by Civil Law practices (such as the lack of a jury and a tendency for codification). Another two exceptions are personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] and real estate law, where it follows Ottoman laws. It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.

to:

* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews Jews of anglo-american Anglo-American descent), Israel follows, to a certain extent, the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations; however, its legal system is also heavily influenced by Civil Law practices (such as the lack of a jury and a tendency for codification). Another two exceptions are personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply[[note]]This apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] and real estate law, where it follows Ottoman laws. It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.



* While the Jews and the various Arabic groups (Palestinian Israelis, Bedouins, Druze, Maronites, Copts, etc.) are well known, and the African refugee/economic infiltrator issue gets some press, Israel is also home to some smaller minorities: Asian guest workers (generally Chinese and Filipinos) who may or may not be living in the country legally, Samaritans (an ethnoreligious group related to Jews but with some ritual deviations that are split between Israel and the West Bank), African Hebrew Israelites (a group of mostly African Americans and their descendents who claim to be descendents of the Ten Lost Tribes and for whom there was a bit of a kerfuffle when they tried to emigrate under the Law of Return), Armenians, Circassians, Romani and Dom, Assyrians, and Finns (generally from communities that immigrated to Israel during its rule by the Ottomans or before), non-Jewish Russians and Ukranians (generally spouses or relatives of Jews from the former Soviet Union), and Vietnamese people (mostly refugees from the Vietnam War and their descendants).

to:

* While the Jews and the various Arabic Arab groups (Palestinian Israelis, Bedouins, Druze, Maronites, Copts, etc.) are well known, and the African refugee/economic infiltrator issue gets some press, Israel is also home to some smaller minorities: Asian guest workers (generally Chinese and Filipinos) who may or may not be living in the country legally, Samaritans (an ethnoreligious group related to Jews but with some ritual deviations that are split between Israel and the West Bank), African Hebrew Israelites (a group of mostly African Americans and their descendents descendants who claim to be descendents descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes and for whom there was a bit of a kerfuffle when they tried to emigrate under the Law of Return), Armenians, Circassians, Romani and Dom, Assyrians, and Finns (generally from communities that immigrated to Israel during its rule by the Ottomans or before), non-Jewish Russians and Ukranians (generally spouses or relatives of Jews from the former Soviet Union), and Vietnamese people (mostly refugees from the Vietnam War and their descendants).
1st Jul '16 3:32:31 AM Anddrix
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* BaseBreaker: Israel's right to exist is one of the biggest ones in geopolitics.
23rd May '16 3:28:48 PM desdendelle
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* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. the main difference being not having a jury but instead the judge deciding both the verdict and the sentence in every trial. The exception is personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.

to:

* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows follows, to a certain extent, the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations; however, its legal system is also heavily influenced by Civil Law practices (such as the main difference being not having lack of a jury but instead the judge deciding both the verdict and the sentence in every trial. The exception is a tendency for codification). Another two exceptions are personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This apply[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] and real estate law, where it follows Ottoman laws. It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.
19th Jan '16 7:51:51 AM Jhonny
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Added DiffLines:

**Basically if there is any group of Jews in the world, many of them now live in Israel. Ironically American Jews are one big exception to this rule - being underrepresented among Israel's population - and ''those'' are largely Ashkenazi, which is where this trope most likely comes from.
30th Dec '15 2:26:06 PM Celcey
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* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContext]], we swear! [[/note]]

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* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContext]], [[ItMakesSenseInContext It makes sense in context]], we swear! [[/note]]
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