History UsefulNotes / Israel

1st Jul '16 3:32:31 AM Anddrix
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* BaseBreaker: Israel's right to exist is one of the biggest ones in geopolitics.
23rd May '16 3:28:48 PM desdendelle
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* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. the main difference being not having a jury but instead the judge deciding both the verdict and the sentence in every trial. The exception is personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.

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* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows follows, to a certain extent, the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations; however, its legal system is also heavily influenced by Civil Law practices (such as the main difference being not having lack of a jury but instead the judge deciding both the verdict and the sentence in every trial. The exception is a tendency for codification). Another two exceptions are personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This apply[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] and real estate law, where it follows Ottoman laws. It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.
19th Jan '16 7:51:51 AM Jhonny
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Added DiffLines:

**Basically if there is any group of Jews in the world, many of them now live in Israel. Ironically American Jews are one big exception to this rule - being underrepresented among Israel's population - and ''those'' are largely Ashkenazi, which is where this trope most likely comes from.
30th Dec '15 2:26:06 PM Celcey
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* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContext]], we swear! [[/note]]

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* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContext]], [[ItMakesSenseInContext It makes sense in context]], we swear! [[/note]]
30th Dec '15 2:25:19 PM Celcey
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* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContect]], we swear! [[/note]]

to:

* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContect]], [[ItMakesSenseInContext]], we swear! [[/note]]
30th Dec '15 2:23:55 PM Celcey
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Some of the main complaints against Israel lie in its continued occupation of the West Bank and Gaza since 1967, denying right of return to the Palestinian refugees mentioned above, building settlements that are illegal by international law [[note]] in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention[[/note]] and a variety of human rights violations on Palestinian civilians.



* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt.

to:

* WesternTerrorists - Prior to Israel's foundation (that is, during the British mandate over Israel), LaResistance-esque organizations Etzel and Lehi. Etzel specifically was led by about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menachem_Begin nerdiest-looking guy ever]], under whose command British officers were hung and civilian-filled hotels were blown up. He later shut Etzel down to make a political party out of it, became prime minister and signed the Camp David peace treaty with Egypt. [[note]] [[ItMakesSenseInContect]], we swear! [[/note]]
30th Dec '15 2:16:16 PM Celcey
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** Meanwhile, pro-Israeli writers have been known to refer to the "Jordyptians" [[note]] before the Six Day War, the West Bank was occupied by Jordan and the Gaza Strip by Egypt[[/note]] rather than the "Palestinians."
* ChurchMilitant: an aversion, as most Ultra-Orthodox Jews were excused from serving in the army, making the army in general a bastion of secularism. Ultra-Orthodox Jews who did serve were often shunned by their communities. There is one battalion, the Netzah Yehuda, which is designed to accommodate the needs of Ultra-Orthodox Jews. However, the government passed laws to end the practice of excusing Ultra-Orthodox Jews, although many still refuse to serve.National Religious Jews (who were generally more of a Modern Orthodox bent), however, are often very enthusiastic to serve in order to protect the land they views as holy.
* CulturalPosturing -- Israelis and Israel supporters love to tout the nation as a bastion of civilization in a "barbaric" Arab region (fortunately, the boasting is usually about Israelís supposed status as Ďthe only democracy in the Middle Eastí). Opponents see it as a holdout of western Imperialism. [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement And that's all we'll say about that]].

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** Meanwhile, pro-Israeli writers have been known to refer to the "Jordyptians" [[note]] before the Six Day War, the West Bank was occupied by Jordan and the Gaza Strip by Egypt[[/note]] rather than the "Palestinians."
"Palestinians," although this is not common.
* ChurchMilitant: an An aversion, as most Ultra-Orthodox Jews were excused from serving in the army, making the army in general a bastion of secularism. Ultra-Orthodox Jews who did serve were often shunned by their communities. There is one battalion, the Netzah Yehuda, which is designed to accommodate the needs of Ultra-Orthodox Jews. However, the government passed laws to end the practice of excusing Ultra-Orthodox Jews, although many still refuse to serve. National Religious Jews (who were generally more of a Modern Orthodox bent), however, are often very enthusiastic to serve in order to protect the land they views as holy.
* CulturalPosturing -- Israelis and Israel supporters love to tout the nation as a bastion of civilization in a "barbaric" Arab region (fortunately, the boasting is usually about Israelís supposed status as Ďthe only democracy in the Middle Eastí). Opponents see it as a holdout of western Imperialism. [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement And that's all we'll say about that]].
holy.



** In a variation, people critical of Israeli policy toward the Palestinians often compare the Jewish state to [[TheApartheidEra South Africa under apartheid]]. Of course, this is just as big of a BerserkButton for Israel supporters as comparing something to Hitler is. How apt of a comparison Israel is with apartheid-era South Africa is a source of InternetBackdraft, along with everything else related to the ArabIsraeliConflict.
** Both sides are extremely guilty with this. with Israel liking to compare its enemies, especially Iran, to the Nazis, and to warn about second Holocaust around the corner, using the mantra "never again". Critics of Israel comparing the country's policy to that of Nazi Germany, and the Naqba to the Holocaust.
* GreyAndGreyMorality - all over the freakin' place. STRONG InternetBackdraft warning if you ever try to sort this out.

to:

** In a variation, people critical of Israeli policy toward the Palestinians often compare the Jewish state to [[TheApartheidEra South Africa under apartheid]]. Of course, this is just as big of a BerserkButton for Israel supporters as comparing something to Hitler is. How apt of a comparison Israel is with apartheid-era South Africa is a source of InternetBackdraft, along with everything else related to the ArabIsraeliConflict.
** Both sides are extremely guilty with this. with Israel liking to compare its enemies, especially Iran, to the Nazis, and to warn about second Holocaust around the corner, using the mantra "never again". Critics of Israel comparing the country's policy to that of Nazi Germany, and the Naqba to the Holocaust.
* GreyAndGreyMorality - all All over the freakin' place. STRONG InternetBackdraft warning if you ever try to sort this out.



* EnemyMine - Desperate for any support in the face of an ongoing campaign against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories, pro-Israel lobbies have resorted to allying themselves with sects of evangelical Christians in America who believe that when all the Jews are in Israel, and the Palestinians are not, Jesus will return and throw all the unbelievers in the lake of fire.
** Israeli lobbies have also resorted to seeking validation from groups as diverse as [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Northern Irish Loyalists]], who also portray themselves as an outpost of Western civilisation under siege from a disaffected tribal grouping of the wrong religion, who unnacountably hate them and are prepared to use terrorist violence against them. A regular commentator on the partisan ''Israel Insider'' web site belonged to an extremist Loyalist grouping with links to the National Front and Column 88 - two neo-Nazi groups not hitherto renowned for love for Israel or pro-Jewish sentiment. This was repeatedly pointed out to II's management, who nevertheless allowed the opinion pieces to remain on their website. Ironically, at the time Israel's president was an Irish-born Jew.
* HeroWithBadPublicity / VillainWithGoodPublicity - A lot of the buzz surrounding the ArabIsraeliConflict pertains to exactly which of these Israel is, if any or both. News coverage would have you believe that the Israeli government doesn't give two figs what the rest of the world thinks about its behavior, but within the Israeli public and media at least a popular sport is obsessing over exactly this.

to:

* EnemyMine - Desperate for any support in the face of an ongoing campaign against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories, pro-Israel lobbies have resorted to allying themselves with sects of evangelical Christians in America who believe that when all the Jews are in Israel, and the Palestinians are not, Jesus will return and throw all the unbelievers in the lake of fire.
** Israeli lobbies have also resorted to seeking validation from groups as diverse as [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Northern Irish Loyalists]], who also portray themselves as an outpost of Western civilisation under siege from a disaffected tribal grouping of the wrong religion, who unnacountably hate them and are prepared to use terrorist violence against them. A regular commentator on the partisan ''Israel Insider'' web site belonged to an extremist Loyalist grouping with links to the National Front and Column 88 - two neo-Nazi groups not hitherto renowned for love for Israel or pro-Jewish sentiment. This was repeatedly pointed out to II's management, who nevertheless allowed the opinion pieces to remain on their website. Ironically, at the time Israel's president was an Irish-born Jew.
* HeroWithBadPublicity / VillainWithGoodPublicity - A lot of the buzz surrounding the ArabIsraeliConflict pertains to exactly which of these Israel is, if any or both. News coverage would have you believe that the Israeli government doesn't give two figs what the rest of the world thinks about its behavior, but within the Israeli public and media at least a popular sport is obsessing over exactly this.



* PeaceThroughSuperiorFirepower: a current controversy revolves around implications for the region if Iran succeeds, despite serious opposition and lack of external help, in manufacturing a single nuclear warhead. One thing which never ever gets mentioned is the fact Israel already has between eighty and a hundred and fifty nuclear weapons, with which it can more than deter Iran.

to:

* PeaceThroughSuperiorFirepower: a current controversy revolves around implications for the region if Iran succeeds, despite serious opposition and lack of external help, in manufacturing a single nuclear warhead. One thing which never ever gets mentioned is the fact Israel already has between eighty and a hundred and fifty nuclear weapons, with which it can more than deter Iran.



* TheSquadette - secular women, like most any other Jewish 18-year-old in Israel, get a compulsory drafting into the military where they spend a few years hanging around wearing olive-green uniforms and holding M-16 assault rifles. Though the majority of them probably fill support roles, it should be noted that some 'support roles' in the army are far, far removed from sitting in some air-conditioned office and filing paperwork. And then there are [[AmazonBrigade girl-only combat units]]. Legend has it that in the past they tried having mixed male and female combat units, but whenever the girls would get hurt the guys would [[TheDulcineaEffect drop everything to make sure they are all right]] to the detriment of whatever it was they were supposed to be doing instead. Of course, said legend is rather debunked but the mixed [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caracal_Battalion Caracal Battalion]], a combat unit like any other.
** That first try was during the 1948 War of Independence, when desperation was the main motivation to include women. There's a mixed-gender brigade or two that got put together in the last decade or so.
* WarRefugees: All over the place: Zionist organizations in Europe tried to help Jews fleeing during World War II get to Palestine, which was hampered by the British; after the War a significant amount of Holocaust survivors either did not want to go back to their former homes or could not go back (thanks to their non-Jewish neighbors using the Holocaust as an opportunity to take their property), and so they also moved to Palestine (again against the wishes of the British and the local Arab population), and after the first stage of the ArabIsraeliConflict Israel received a huge influx of Jews from Middle Eastern countries who were either expelled or fleeing from retaliation. Additionally, the residents of the current Palestinian territories are mostly made up of Palestinians fleeing from what is now Israel, and unrelated to the ArabIsraeliConflict or European or Arab antisemitism Israel is now host to a signficant population of refugees from Sudan (although with the establishment of South Sudan many of them have now been repatriated) and Eritrea (who are fleeing not from a war but from the Eritrean army), which Israel doesn't want to deal with or officially designate as refugees.

to:

* TheSquadette - secular Secular women, like most any other Jewish 18-year-old in Israel, get a compulsory drafting into the military where they spend a few years hanging around wearing olive-green uniforms and holding M-16 assault rifles. Though the majority of them probably fill support roles, it should be noted that some 'support roles' in the army are far, far removed from sitting in some air-conditioned office and filing paperwork. And then there are [[AmazonBrigade girl-only combat units]]. Legend has it that in the past they tried having mixed male and female combat units, but whenever the girls would get hurt the guys would [[TheDulcineaEffect drop everything to make sure they are all right]] to the detriment of whatever it was they were supposed to be doing instead. Of course, said legend is rather debunked but the mixed [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caracal_Battalion Caracal Battalion]], a combat unit like any other.
** That first try time women served in the IDF was during the 1948 War of Independence, when desperation a desperate need of troops was the main motivation reason to include women. There's a mixed-gender brigade or two After that got put together in women were removed from combat roles until relatively recently, due to the last decade or so.
disproportionate risks they took if captured.
* WarRefugees: All over the place: Zionist organizations in Europe tried to help Jews fleeing during World War II get to Palestine, which was hampered by the British; after British. After the War a significant amount of Holocaust survivors either did not want to go back to their former homes or could not go back (thanks to their non-Jewish neighbors using the Holocaust as an opportunity to take their property), and so they also moved to Palestine (again against (against the wishes of the British and the local Arab population), and after population). After the first stage of the ArabIsraeliConflict Israel received a huge influx of Jews from Middle Eastern countries who were either expelled or fleeing from retaliation. Additionally, the residents of the current Palestinian territories are mostly made up of Palestinians fleeing from what is now Israel, and unrelated to the ArabIsraeliConflict or European or Arab antisemitism Israel is now host to a signficant population of refugees from Sudan (although with the establishment of South Sudan many of them have now been repatriated) and Eritrea (who are fleeing not from a war but from the Eritrean army), which Israel doesn't want to deal with or officially designate as refugees.retaliation.
30th Dec '15 1:52:26 PM Celcey
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Israel, also known as the State of Israel ('''''Hebrew:''' מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Medīnat Yisrā'el; '''Arabic:''' دولة إِسرائيل‎, Dawlat Isrāʼīl'') is a Middle Eastern country whose population consists primarily of Jews and secondarily of native Arabs who are descendants of the families that remained after the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Palestinian_exodus 1948 Nakba (the "Catastrophe" in Arabic)]], although other ethnic communities are also present.

In terms of the modern Jewish history in the area, there has been a small (and shrinking) Jewish presence in the area that is modern-day Israel (centered around the Four Holy Cities: Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed, and Tiberias) since the various Biblical upheavals that destroyed several Jewish kingdoms (Babylonians, Assyrians, Romans, etc.) and scattered its population across Europe, Asia, and Africa. However in the mid 19th century, after centuries of antisemetic persecution and pogroms throughout Europe (but particularly the Russian Empire) a Jewish movement steadily evolved, with the aim of ensuring the Jewish people would have a homeland where they could be protected from the antisemtic violence and discrimination.

This idea of finally solving "the Jewish question" was met with significant support by politicians and intellectuals in the more "liberal" (relatively speaking) western nations such as Britain, where both members of the aristocracy and government officials (including future British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, who himself was of Jewish descent) spoke in support of the idea, and aided in the early planning of a possible mass migration of Jews to Palestine, which was then under the ownership of the Ottoman Empire, and thus a slow trickle of Jewish immigration to Palestine began.

to:

Israel, also known as the State of Israel ('''''Hebrew:''' מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Medīnat Yisrā'el; '''Arabic:''' دولة إِسرائيل‎, Dawlat Isrāʼīl'') is a Middle Eastern country whose population consists constituents comprise primarily of Jews and secondarily of native Arabs who are descendants of the families that remained after the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948_Palestinian_exodus 1948 Nakba (the "Catastrophe" in Arabic)]], although other ethnic communities are Jews, but also present.

has a minority Arab population.

In terms of the modern Jewish history in the area, there has always been a small (and shrinking) Jewish presence in the area that is modern-day Israel (centered around the Four Holy Cities: Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed, and Tiberias) since the various Biblical upheavals that destroyed several Jewish kingdoms (Babylonians, Assyrians, Romans, etc.) and scattered its population across Europe, Asia, and Africa. However in the mid 19th century, after centuries of antisemetic anti-semetic persecution and pogroms throughout Europe (but particularly the Russian Empire) Empire), a Jewish movement called Zionism steadily evolved, evolved with the aim of ensuring the Jewish people would have a homeland where they could be protected from the antisemtic anti-semtic violence and discrimination.

This idea of finally solving "the Jewish question" was met with significant support by politicians and intellectuals in the more "liberal" (relatively speaking) western nations such as Britain, where both members of the aristocracy and government officials (including future British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli, who himself was of Jewish descent) spoke in support of the idea, and aided in the early planning of a possible mass migration of Jews to Palestine, which was then under the ownership of the Ottoman Empire, and thus Empire. Thus a slow trickle of Jewish immigration to Palestine began.
30th Oct '15 3:08:50 AM nngnna
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* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. The exception is personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.

to:

* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. the main difference being not having a jury but instead the judge deciding both the verdict and the sentence in every trial. The exception is personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.
30th Oct '15 3:04:48 AM nngnna
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* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period, Israel follows the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. The exception is personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.

to:

* UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw -- Another legacy of the Mandate period, period (and of the judiciary being dominated in its initial years by jews of anglo-american descent), Israel follows the same general legal system as the UK, the US, and the members of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealthOfNations. The exception is personal law (mostly marriage, divorce, and inheritance), where Israel follows the Ottoman tradition of allowing the laws of the person's religion to apply.[[note]]This is a very sore point among secular Israelis, particularly as regards marriage; Israelis trying to marry but running afoul of the religious authorities usually end up going to nearby Cyprus to get married.[[/note]][[note]]A similar rule applies in the world's largest common-law jurisdiction, UsefulNotes/{{India}}.[[/note]] It is also one of only three countries in the world (the others are UsefulNotes/NewZealand and the UK) with an uncodified constitution.
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