History UsefulNotes / IslamicDress

14th Jul '17 5:10:20 PM karstovich2
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* Moderately religious Arab women usually wear hijab, or rarely khimar (usually reserved for the elder ones), with a modest dress of their choice; women from the Arabian Peninsula would specifically wear the abaya, for example. More conservative women wear the niqab, while old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar''). This is not a fixed rule, though; [[UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}} Lebanese]] women, due to having substantially more western influence, rarely wear the hijab except for the really rural ones, while some parts of UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}} outright ''frowns'' upon women who wear them (as it's a sign of of "Arab colonialism", since Berber identity is embraced upon there).

to:

* Moderately religious Arab women usually wear hijab, or rarely khimar (usually reserved for the elder ones), with a modest dress of their choice; women from the Arabian Peninsula would specifically wear the abaya, for example. More conservative women wear the niqab, while old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar''). This is not a fixed rule, though; [[UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}} Lebanese]] women, due to having substantially more western influence, rarely wear the hijab except for the really rural ones, while ones and when they pray (if they pray, since Lebanon has a relatively high rate of non-observance). In some parts of UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}} outright ''frowns'' upon women who wear them (as it's a sign of of "Arab colonialism", since Berber identity is embraced upon there).there), although again women still cover to pray.
5th May '17 8:39:09 AM AntonF
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An UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-specific version of the khimar, with the difference of being much larger and usually black. It reaches all the way to the ground, and thus fulfills the Iranian government's modesty requirement; however, it is not required by law as is often stated in foreign media. Note that the word is not Arabic in origin, but rather Persian; there is evidence that pre-Islamic societies of Iran had used the word to refer to a women-specific clothing, though unconnected to the current chador.

to:

An UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-specific version of the khimar, with the difference of being much larger and usually black. It reaches all the way to the ground, and thus fulfills the Iranian government's modesty requirement; however, it is not required by law as is often stated in foreign media. media.
Note that the word is not Arabic in origin, but rather Persian; there is evidence that pre-Islamic societies of Iran had used the word to refer to a women-specific clothing, though unconnected to the current chador.



As a style that can be variously interpreted, different Muslim women apply the dress differently, not only according to personal opinion but whether the government sanctions them or not. Generally, the situation around the world is like this:
* In Saudi Arabia, women have to wear at least the abaya and the hijab. Peer pressure, however, has also mandated native Saudis to also wear the niqab, which is why such sight is not uncommon, especially when one goes further inside the desert, as the Wahhabi movement (which strictly advises women to wear niqab) is more pronounced there.
* In Gulf Arab countries, the Saudi rule applies, though the niqab is less common due to the less Wahhabi influence in the region, except for UsefulNotes/{{Qatar}}.
* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon in some areas and circles for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar'').
* In UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}, as noted above, the chador is the most commonly used hijab since the 1979 Revolution; though it is not mandated, popular culture, both in and out, has caused this trend to ignite.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}}, the hijab or khimar is used, alongside a traditional clothing called ''salwar kameez'', which has both styles for women and men. Worth noting is that any hijab used usually doesn't completely cover the hair (as in the case with Pakistan's PM Benazir Bhutto), which is an unusual exception for the "everywhere but the face" rule. In areas where legacy of fundamentalist groups (read: the Taliban) exists, however, the ultra-conservative burka may be used as well.
* In UsefulNotes/{{India}} and UsefulNotes/{{Bangladesh}}, the hijab (in the Arab sense) is generally not used and other traditional covering prevails.
* In Southeast and East Asia, if hijab is used at all, it is usually of the jilbab variety, which is very flexible to wear.
* In sub-Saharan UsefulNotes/{{Africa}}, this varies. The West African Muslims don't wear the dress, while the East African Muslims, being influenced more by Arab traders, wear it, usually in the form of abaya and hijab.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, there (in)famously used to be a law banning the use of hijab. While it is no longer the case, the hijab is not widespread, but influences may arise the farther one goes to the Asian portion of the country, i.e. the farther one goes to the Middle East.

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As a style that can be variously interpreted, different Muslim women apply the dress differently, not only according to personal opinion but whether the government sanctions them or not. Generally, There are precisely two countries that mandate women within their territory to wear head coverings and modest dress while in public. Those are:
* Saudi Arabia
* Iran
Keep in mind that this applies to ''every'' women, Muslim or not. While cynics would quickly dismiss it due to the two countries being supposedly "all-Muslim", that's not the case at all. Iran, as an example, has a large (and ancient) community of Armenian Christians (100,000+), plus smaller groups of Zoroastrians and Jews, who mostly obey this law without question, since head coverings are mandatory for the services of their communities.

As for what kind of hijab is used,
the situation around the world is generally like this:
* In Saudi Arabia, Moderately religious Arab women have to usually wear at least hijab, or rarely khimar (usually reserved for the abaya and elder ones), with a modest dress of their choice; women from the hijab. Peer pressure, however, has also mandated native Saudis to also Arabian Peninsula would specifically wear the abaya, for example. More conservative women wear the niqab, which is why such sight is not uncommon, especially when one goes further inside the desert, as the Wahhabi movement (which strictly advises while old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear niqab) the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar''). This is not a fixed rule, though; [[UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}} Lebanese]] women, due to having substantially more pronounced there.western influence, rarely wear the hijab except for the really rural ones, while some parts of UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}} outright ''frowns'' upon women who wear them (as it's a sign of of "Arab colonialism", since Berber identity is embraced upon there).
* In Gulf Arab countries, While Iranians are obliged to wear headscarves, those who are not religious enough are permitted to simply drape them around their head, leaving the Saudi rule applies, though front part of the niqab is less common due to the less Wahhabi hair uncovered, [[RussianFashion babushka]]-style. This Iranian style of wearing hijab has sometimes been derided for being insincere and half-assed, but its simplicity has made it popular for Muslim women who are still unsure in wearing hijab properly. It has also been popularly adopted by other countries with significant influence in the region, except for UsefulNotes/{{Qatar}}.
* In the rest
of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon in some areas and circles for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar'').
* In UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}, as noted above, the chador is the most commonly used hijab since the 1979 Revolution; though it is not mandated, popular
Iranian culture, both in and out, has caused this trend to ignite.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}}, the hijab or khimar is used, alongside a traditional clothing called ''salwar kameez'', which has both styles for women and men. Worth noting is that any hijab used usually doesn't completely cover the hair (as in the case with Pakistan's PM
such as UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}} (e.g. ex-PM Benazir Bhutto), which is an unusual exception UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}}, and certain parts of UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}}. Meanwhile, conservative Iranian women would wear the hijab properly (i.e. with the hair covered), or go further by wearing the chador.
* The Muslims of the Indian subcontinent (except
for Pakistan) and Southeast Asia, if they wear hijab at all, mostly wear the "everywhere but the face" rule. In areas where legacy jilbab variation.
* Despite being frequently bragged upon by western media, burka is ''never'' widespread, outside
of some ultra-conservative circles in Afghanistan and Pakistan, specifically those that have history of fundamentalist groups. And its reach stays there; fundamentalist groups (read: the Taliban) exists, however, the ultra-conservative burka may be used as well.
* In UsefulNotes/{{India}} and UsefulNotes/{{Bangladesh}}, the hijab (in the Arab sense) is generally not used and
of other traditional covering prevails.
* In Southeast and East Asia, if hijab
places apply different headscarves, because burka, as described in its entry above, is used at all, it is usually of culture-specific to the jilbab variety, which is very flexible to wear.
Iranian world.
* In sub-Saharan UsefulNotes/{{Africa}}, this varies. The West African Muslims don't wear the dress, hijab (at least not the "ordinary" one), while the East African Muslims, being influenced more by Arab traders, wear it, usually in the form of abaya and hijab.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, there UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}} (in)famously used to be a law banning the use of hijab.ban hijab in public places. While it is no longer the case, the hijab is not widespread, but influences may arise the farther one goes to the Asian portion of the country, i.e. the farther one goes to the Middle East.
10th Dec '16 11:29:45 PM karstovich2
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* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar'').

to:

* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon in some areas and circles for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar'').
10th Dec '16 11:25:58 PM karstovich2
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* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar''.

to:

* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar''.''khimar'').
10th Dec '16 11:25:10 PM karstovich2
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* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]).

to:

* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]). Old Arab women may wear the ''khimar''; old aristocratic Arab women may continue to wear the floppy hats (except when they're praying, when they may wear a simple scarf or a ''khimar''.
10th Dec '16 11:22:02 PM karstovich2
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* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries.

to:

* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries.countries ([[CivilWar not that the "law" matters much in Syria these days]]).



* For immigrant communities in the rest of the world, the rule depends on what country they arise.

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* For immigrant communities in the rest of the world, the rule depends on what country they arise. Note that second-generation (and beyond) Muslim women in the West most commonly do not wear any kind of head covering outside of prayer.
12th Aug '16 3:29:34 AM Morgenthaler
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* In {{Iran}}, as noted above, the chador is the most commonly used hijab since the 1979 Revolution; though it is not mandated, popular culture, both in and out, has caused this trend to ignite.

to:

* In {{Iran}}, UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}, as noted above, the chador is the most commonly used hijab since the 1979 Revolution; though it is not mandated, popular culture, both in and out, has caused this trend to ignite.
6th Jun '16 10:13:12 PM Dimas28
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This word is used in the Qur'an to refer to the modest garment used by Muslim women, and still does today, although different countries have interpret this differently. In Southeast Asia, in particular, a jilbab is used to mean a variety of hijab designed for practical use; something than one can simply throw on the head if one needs to answer the door, say. They're not usually too garishly decorated, but some styles of Jilbab has made inroads with the Muslim fashion industry.

to:

This word is used in the Qur'an to refer to the modest garment used by Muslim women, and still does is today, although different countries have interpret this differently. In Southeast Asia, in particular, a jilbab is used to mean a variety of hijab designed for practical use; something than one can simply throw on the head if one needs to answer the door, say. They're not usually too garishly decorated, but some styles of Jilbab has made inroads with the Muslim fashion industry.



Again, like the chador, the word is not Arabic in origin but Persian, and might have refer to a woman-specific clothing in pre-Islamic Khorasan (ancient Afghanistan).

to:

Again, like the chador, the word is not Arabic in origin but Persian, and might have refer had referred to a woman-specific clothing in pre-Islamic Khorasan (ancient Afghanistan).



As a style that one can be variously interpreted, different Muslim women apply the dress differently, not only according to personal opinion but whether the government sanctions them or not. Generally, the situation around the world is like this:

to:

As a style that one can be variously interpreted, different Muslim women apply the dress differently, not only according to personal opinion but whether the government sanctions them or not. Generally, the situation around the world is like this:



* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally doesn't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarves, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head coverings for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries.

to:

* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally doesn't don't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarves, headscarf, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head coverings covering for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries.



* In UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}}, the hijab or khimar is traditionally used, alongside a traditional clothing called ''salwar kameez'', which has both styles for women and men. Worth noting is that any hijab used usually doesn't completely cover the hair (as in the case with Pakistan's PM Benazir Bhutto), which is an unusual exception for the "everywhere but the face" rule. In areas where legacy of fundamentalist groups (read: the Taliban) exist, however, the ultra-conservative burka may be used as well.
* In UsefulNotes/{{India}}, UsefulNotes/{{Bangladesh}}, and the non-Arab African countries, such as UsefulNotes/{{Senegal}} or UsefulNotes/{{Mali}}, the hijab (in the Arab sense) is generally not used and other traditional covering prevails.
* In Southeast and East Asian Muslims, if hijab is used at all, it is usually of the jilbab variety, which is very flexible to wear.

to:

* In UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}}, the hijab or khimar is traditionally used, alongside a traditional clothing called ''salwar kameez'', which has both styles for women and men. Worth noting is that any hijab used usually doesn't completely cover the hair (as in the case with Pakistan's PM Benazir Bhutto), which is an unusual exception for the "everywhere but the face" rule. In areas where legacy of fundamentalist groups (read: the Taliban) exist, exists, however, the ultra-conservative burka may be used as well.
* In UsefulNotes/{{India}}, UsefulNotes/{{India}} and UsefulNotes/{{Bangladesh}}, and the non-Arab African countries, such as UsefulNotes/{{Senegal}} or UsefulNotes/{{Mali}}, the hijab (in the Arab sense) is generally not used and other traditional covering prevails.
* In Southeast and East Asian Muslims, Asia, if hijab is used at all, it is usually of the jilbab variety, which is very flexible to wear.wear.
* In sub-Saharan UsefulNotes/{{Africa}}, this varies. The West African Muslims don't wear the dress, while the East African Muslims, being influenced more by Arab traders, wear it, usually in the form of abaya and hijab.
6th Jun '16 6:28:23 PM Dimas28
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The hijab is, in theory, the generic word for "modest dress" in Islam. Indeed,in the Qur'an, the term applies to modest dress for men as well as women; the Qur'anic term for a head covering for women is ''jilbab''. However, over time, Muslims have come to use the word hijab to mean a head-covering. It can generically mean any old head covering, including all of the ones listed below; most commonly, however, the word is used to mean a relatively simple scarf that leaves the whole face uncovered. There are hundreds of ways to wrap and fasten these around the head, with the result that a woman's hijab can be very personalized indeed: loosely wrapped, tightly wrapped, showing a bit of hair, one-piece (a single cloth wrapped around the head) or two-piece (a common form in the Arab World and Turkey, with a tubular under-scarf worn rather like a hat, over which is layered a fairly thin scarf going over the back two-thirds or so of the under-scarf for a sort of two-tone effect), stuffed with starched fabric, and so on. The actual material can also vary widely, and can be quite prettily decorated indeed (for instance, rows upon rows of sequins are a perpetually popular decoration among young women). These have drawn criticism from conservative clerics on the ground that the decoration is immodest and therefore defeats the purpose of the exercise. The same criticism is, [[EnemyMine oddly]], often levied by Muslim feminists who want to ditch the hijab altogether. The same odd alliance also critiques the fairly common practice among young Muslims in the West and among the rising middle classes of the Muslim world of wearing this sort of hijab with clothes that technically fulfill the requirement of covering everything while still being quite revealing of one's figure (e.g. skinny jeans and tight long-sleeved T-shirts). As you might have guessed, this is the least conservative sort of hijab in most communities, asides from some old-fashioned ones that look like ordinary if floppy women's hats and for the most part went out of style decades ago.

to:

The hijab is, in theory, the generic word for "modest dress" in Islam. Indeed,in The word actually simply means "curtain" in Literary Arabic; indeed, never once does the Qur'an, the Qur'an apply this term to any of the modest clothing worn by women, which is called "jilbab" (see below), while the head covering itself is called "khimar" (again see below). The hijab instead applies to the modest dress for men as well as women; the Qur'anic term for a head covering for women is ''jilbab''. ''and'' men.

However, over time, Muslims have come to use the word hijab to mean a head-covering. It can generically mean any old head covering, including all of the ones listed below; most commonly, however, the word is used to mean a relatively simple scarf that leaves the whole face uncovered. There are hundreds of ways to wrap and fasten these around the head, with the result that a woman's hijab can be very personalized indeed: loosely wrapped, tightly wrapped, showing a bit of hair, one-piece (a single cloth wrapped around the head) or two-piece (a common form in the Arab World and Turkey, with a tubular under-scarf worn rather like a hat, over which is layered a fairly thin scarf going over the back two-thirds or so of the under-scarf for a sort of two-tone effect), stuffed with starched fabric, and so on. The actual material can also vary widely, and can be quite prettily decorated indeed (for instance, rows upon rows of sequins are a perpetually popular decoration among young women).

These have drawn criticism from conservative clerics on the ground that the decoration is immodest and therefore defeats the purpose of the exercise. The same criticism is, [[EnemyMine oddly]], often levied by Muslim feminists who want to ditch the hijab altogether. The same odd alliance also critiques the fairly common practice among young Muslims in the West and among the rising middle classes of the Muslim world of wearing this sort of hijab with clothes that technically fulfill the requirement of covering everything while still being quite revealing of one's figure (e.g. skinny jeans and tight long-sleeved T-shirts). As you might have guessed, this is the least conservative sort of hijab in most communities, asides from some old-fashioned ones that look like ordinary if floppy women's hats and for the most part went out of style decades ago.



A slightly more old-fashioned and conservative sort of hijab, consisting of a square or circular piece of cloth with a hole in the middle for the woman's face, leaving it (again) totally uncovered, but with cloth nearly to the navel in some cases. Usually light-colored.

to:

A This is the Qur'anic word for the headscarves worn by women, i.e. what people nowadays refer to as "hijab". However, in the modern world, this term has evolved to refer specifically to a slightly more old-fashioned and conservative sort of hijab, consisting of a square or circular piece of cloth with a hole in the middle for the woman's face, leaving it (again) totally uncovered, but with cloth nearly to the navel in some cases. Usually light-colored.



An UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-specific version of the khimar, with the difference of being much larger and usually black. It reaches all the way to the ground, and thus fulfills the Iranian government's modesty requirement; however, it is not required by law as is often stated in foreign media.

to:

An UsefulNotes/{{Iran}}-specific version of the khimar, with the difference of being much larger and usually black. It reaches all the way to the ground, and thus fulfills the Iranian government's modesty requirement; however, it is not required by law as is often stated in foreign media.
media. Note that the word is not Arabic in origin, but rather Persian; there is evidence that pre-Islamic societies of Iran had used the word to refer to a women-specific clothing, though unconnected to the current chador.



A variant of the hijab usually worn by South-East Asian Muslims. Some of them are long-flowing, but usually refers to quick and practical headscarf one can simply throw on the head if one needs to answer the door, say. They're not usually too garishly decorated, but some styles of Jilbab has made inroads with the Muslim fashion industry.

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A variant of This word is used in the Qur'an to refer to the modest garment used by Muslim women, and still does today, although different countries have interpret this differently. In Southeast Asia, in particular, a jilbab is used to mean a variety of hijab usually worn by South-East Asian Muslims. Some of them are long-flowing, but usually refers to quick and designed for practical headscarf use; something than one can simply throw on the head if one needs to answer the door, say. They're not usually too garishly decorated, but some styles of Jilbab has made inroads with the Muslim fashion industry.



[[SpellMyNameWithAnS Or burqa or burkha...]]. Traditionally associated with Afghanistan, this garment is much like a chador, but rather than leaving the face clear, it covers the whole face, leaving a net or mesh of cloth around the eyes so the woman can see. This is by far the most conservative garment of the bunch, and one of the most controversial[[note]]Partly because of the tendency of people unfamiliar with Islamic dress to refer to any Islamic female costume as "burkas"[[/note]]; several Muslim countries have banned it in schools or even outright. It is also banned in France, as a result of banning anything that wholly conceals one's face.

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[[SpellMyNameWithAnS Or burqa or burkha...]]. Traditionally associated with Afghanistan, this garment is much like a chador, but rather than leaving the face clear, it covers the whole face, leaving a net or mesh of cloth around the eyes so the woman can see. This is by far the most conservative garment of the bunch, and one of the most controversial[[note]]Partly because of the tendency of people unfamiliar with Islamic dress to refer to any Islamic female costume as "burkas"[[/note]]; several Muslim countries have banned it in schools or even outright. It is also banned in France, as a result of banning anything that wholly conceals one's face.face.

Again, like the chador, the word is not Arabic in origin but Persian, and might have refer to a woman-specific clothing in pre-Islamic Khorasan (ancient Afghanistan).

!! How often does one use them?
As a style that one can be variously interpreted, different Muslim women apply the dress differently, not only according to personal opinion but whether the government sanctions them or not. Generally, the situation around the world is like this:
* In Saudi Arabia, women have to wear at least the abaya and the hijab. Peer pressure, however, has also mandated native Saudis to also wear the niqab, which is why such sight is not uncommon, especially when one goes further inside the desert, as the Wahhabi movement (which strictly advises women to wear niqab) is more pronounced there.
* In Gulf Arab countries, the Saudi rule applies, though the niqab is less common due to the less Wahhabi influence in the region, except for UsefulNotes/{{Qatar}}.
* In the rest of the Arab countries, women generally doesn't wear the conservative body garment, although they may wear the simple hijab, the frequency of which depends on how liberal the country is. Most [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Iraqi]] women wear it, as do the [[UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}} Egyptians]] to a lesser degree, but in UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}, it is actually ''frowned'' upon for women to wear any headscarves, as it implies a sort of "Arab colonialism" since Berber identity is very much embraced there. Notable it is that Morocco, UsefulNotes/{{Syria}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Tunisia}} used to ban the use of any head coverings for university students for secular reasons, although the law had been repealed in all countries.
* In {{Iran}}, as noted above, the chador is the most commonly used hijab since the 1979 Revolution; though it is not mandated, popular culture, both in and out, has caused this trend to ignite.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Afghanistan}} and UsefulNotes/{{Pakistan}}, the hijab or khimar is traditionally used, alongside a traditional clothing called ''salwar kameez'', which has both styles for women and men. Worth noting is that any hijab used usually doesn't completely cover the hair (as in the case with Pakistan's PM Benazir Bhutto), which is an unusual exception for the "everywhere but the face" rule. In areas where legacy of fundamentalist groups (read: the Taliban) exist, however, the ultra-conservative burka may be used as well.
* In UsefulNotes/{{India}}, UsefulNotes/{{Bangladesh}}, and the non-Arab African countries, such as UsefulNotes/{{Senegal}} or UsefulNotes/{{Mali}}, the hijab (in the Arab sense) is generally not used and other traditional covering prevails.
* In Southeast and East Asian Muslims, if hijab is used at all, it is usually of the jilbab variety, which is very flexible to wear.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}, there (in)famously used to be a law banning the use of hijab. While it is no longer the case, the hijab is not widespread, but influences may arise the farther one goes to the Asian portion of the country, i.e. the farther one goes to the Middle East.
* In Muslim-majority countries where observation of religion is not prominent, such as the Balkans or the former Soviet countries, ''not'' wearing the hijab is the norm.
* For immigrant communities in the rest of the world, the rule depends on what country they arise.
27th Mar '16 3:53:07 PM LondonKdS
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The hijab is, in theory, the generic word for "modest dress" in Islam. Indeed,in the Qur'an, the term applies to modest dress for men as well as women; the Qur'anic term for a head covering for women is ''jilbab''. However, over time, Muslims have come to use the word hijab to mean a head-covering. It can generically mean any old head covering, including all of the ones listed below; most commonly, however, the word is used to mean a relatively simple scarf that leaves the whole face uncovered. There are hundreds of ways to wrap and fasten these around the head, with the result that a woman's hijab can be very personalized indeed: loosely wrapped, tightly wrapped, showing a bit of hair, one-piece (a single cloth wrapped around the head) or two-piece (a common form in the Arab World and Turkey, with a tubular under-scarf worn rather like a hat, over which is layered a fairly thin scarf going over the back two-thirds or so of the under-scarf for a sort of two-tone effect), stuffed with starched fabric, and so on. The actual material can also vary widely, and can be quite prettily decorated indeed (for instance, rows upon rows of sequins are a perpetually popular decoration among young women). These have drawn criticism from conservative clerics on the ground that the decoration is immodest and therefore defeats the purpose of the exercise. The same criticism is, [[EnemyMine oddly]], often levied by Muslim feminists who want to ditch the hijab altogether. The same odd alliance also critiques the fairly common practice among young Muslims in the West and among the rising middle classes of the Muslim world of wearing this sort of hijab with clothes that technically fulfill the requirement of covering everything while still being quite revealing (e.g. skinny jeans and tight long-sleeved T-shirts). As you might have guessed, this is the least conservative sort of hijab in most communities, asides from some old-fashioned ones that look like ordinary if floppy women's hats and for the most part went out of style decades ago.

to:

The hijab is, in theory, the generic word for "modest dress" in Islam. Indeed,in the Qur'an, the term applies to modest dress for men as well as women; the Qur'anic term for a head covering for women is ''jilbab''. However, over time, Muslims have come to use the word hijab to mean a head-covering. It can generically mean any old head covering, including all of the ones listed below; most commonly, however, the word is used to mean a relatively simple scarf that leaves the whole face uncovered. There are hundreds of ways to wrap and fasten these around the head, with the result that a woman's hijab can be very personalized indeed: loosely wrapped, tightly wrapped, showing a bit of hair, one-piece (a single cloth wrapped around the head) or two-piece (a common form in the Arab World and Turkey, with a tubular under-scarf worn rather like a hat, over which is layered a fairly thin scarf going over the back two-thirds or so of the under-scarf for a sort of two-tone effect), stuffed with starched fabric, and so on. The actual material can also vary widely, and can be quite prettily decorated indeed (for instance, rows upon rows of sequins are a perpetually popular decoration among young women). These have drawn criticism from conservative clerics on the ground that the decoration is immodest and therefore defeats the purpose of the exercise. The same criticism is, [[EnemyMine oddly]], often levied by Muslim feminists who want to ditch the hijab altogether. The same odd alliance also critiques the fairly common practice among young Muslims in the West and among the rising middle classes of the Muslim world of wearing this sort of hijab with clothes that technically fulfill the requirement of covering everything while still being quite revealing of one's figure (e.g. skinny jeans and tight long-sleeved T-shirts). As you might have guessed, this is the least conservative sort of hijab in most communities, asides from some old-fashioned ones that look like ordinary if floppy women's hats and for the most part went out of style decades ago.
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