History UsefulNotes / Islam

21st Jul '17 12:43:57 PM TheAmazingBlachman
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** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin[[note]]Mary is deeply loved and revered in Islam. She is the only woman named in the Holy Q'ran.[[/note]], but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was one of the great prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).

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** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin[[note]]Mary is deeply loved and revered in Islam. She is the only woman named in the Holy Q'ran.[[/note]], but (but was not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was one of the great prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).
20th Jul '17 2:02:28 AM CaptEquinox
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** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was one of the great prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).

to:

** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, virgin[[note]]Mary is deeply loved and revered in Islam. She is the only woman named in the Holy Q'ran.[[/note]], but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was one of the great prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).
16th Jun '17 4:51:58 AM TheAmazingBlachman
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** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was the penultimate of the great prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).

to:

** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was the penultimate one of the great prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).
16th Jun '17 4:50:31 AM TheAmazingBlachman
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** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was a great prophet who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).

to:

** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was a the penultimate of the great prophet prophets who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).
16th Jun '17 4:49:39 AM TheAmazingBlachman
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** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).

to:

** Muslims certainly do believe that Jesus existed, and is the one in the Bible. He was born of a virgin, but not the son of God or God in any way[[note]]Muslims believe that claims of Jesus being divine were falsely attributed after the fact, with Jesus never having said anything of the sort.[[/note]]), was a great prophet who preached the word of God, was not martyred nor resurrected, but did ascend to heaven. He remains there and will return before the last day (Qiyamah) to wage war against the unbeliever, Anti-Christ, and Gog and Magog. Shi'a believe that he shares this role with the Mahdi[[note]]An Arabic word meaning "Guided One", the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for 40 years before the Day of Judgment[[/note]]. Sunna, who make up 85-90% of Muslims, believe that role is fulfilled solely by Jesus, or as he is known in Islamic text, Isa (A better Arabic translation for Jesus would be Yasū يسوع from Yahushua/Yeshua ישוע‎ (similar to Joshua before translation). Isa عيسى‎ comes from Esau עֵשָׂו, twin brother of Jacob if taken directly from Hebrew. It could be justified by the Greek/Latin Isus/Isous but is still a strange path to take).
5th Jun '17 12:44:01 PM DustSnitch
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Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, after UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}}. Although it's becoming increasingly important in Western society, especially current affairs and world politics, the three-fourths of the world's population that don't adhere to it have some very strange ideas about what it's like. See also the article on ''Literature/TheQuran'', the religious text of the faith.

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Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, after UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}}. Although it's becoming increasingly important in Western society, especially current affairs and world politics, the three-fourths of the world's population that don't adhere to it have some very strange ideas about what it's like. See also the article on ''Literature/TheQuran'', Literature/TheQuran, the religious text of the faith.
5th Jun '17 12:35:00 PM DustSnitch
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** '''Salah''', or prayer. This is supposed to be done five times a day (at dawn, just after high noon, at the middle of the afternoon, just after sundown, and at nightfall), and periodically while reading the Koran. This is done, if possible, facing Mecca and requires ritual cleansing beforehand. This is announced by the muathin (also spelled muezzin) from the minaret of a mosque, or often by loudspeaker. The precise text varies between Sunni and Shia, but always begins with "God is Great" in Arabic. (Please note that this is only the universal, ritual prayer; Muslims are also obligated to engage in ordinary prayer at other times and there are many specific kinds for certain occasions.)
** The direction of Mecca is called the Qibla, and it's marked by a niche in most Mosques. It is also considered the proper way to face a Muslim's body when he is buried. How it is calculated on the spherical Earth is a subject of controversy among Muslims. In the strictest sense, all American Muslims should be praying towards the floor, through the planet, but the most common way is by the shortest great-circle route to Mecca, meaning in some places it's north or south, over the pole. Side note: the need to find the direction of the Qibla is sometimes cited as one of many driving forces behind advances in astronomy, geography and mathematics in the Arab world.
** There have been some discussion about which direction a man in outer space would pray towards, and the usual answer is generally "if the exercise in geography is taking time away from prayer, you are doing it wrong."

to:

** '''Salah''', or prayer. This is supposed to be done five times a day (at dawn, just after high noon, at the middle of the afternoon, just after sundown, and at nightfall), and periodically while reading the Koran. This is done, if possible, facing Mecca and requires ritual cleansing beforehand. This is announced by the muathin (also spelled muezzin) from the minaret of a mosque, or often by loudspeaker. The precise text varies between Sunni and Shia, but always begins with "God is Great" in Arabic. (Please note that this is only the universal, ritual prayer; Muslims are also obligated to engage in ordinary prayer at other times and there are many specific kinds for certain occasions.)
**
)\\\
The direction of Mecca is called the Qibla, and it's marked by a niche in most Mosques. It is also considered the proper way to face a Muslim's body when he is buried. How it is calculated on the spherical Earth is a subject of controversy among Muslims. In the strictest sense, all American Muslims should be praying towards the floor, through the planet, but the most common way is by the shortest great-circle route to Mecca, meaning in some places it's north or south, over the pole. Side note: the need to find the direction of the Qibla is sometimes cited as one of many driving forces behind advances in astronomy, geography and mathematics in the Arab world.
**
world.\\\
There have been some discussion about which direction a man in outer space would pray towards, and the usual answer is generally "if the exercise in geography is taking time away from prayer, you are doing it wrong."
25th May '17 2:47:23 PM FordPrefect
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* The word ''jihad'', a variation on Jahada (to struggle), [[YouKeepUsingThatWord can be applied to anything]] from inner turmoil to international warfare. Further complicating the matter is the fact that in Arabic, the word ''jihad'' can be applied to ''any'' struggle, so you could legitimately call feminism the ''jihad'' for women's rights or talk about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi's ''jihad'' for Indian independence. However, four madhhab of Sunni jurisprudence and the Shia do agree that the ''jihad al-asghar'' or "lesser jihad"--which is to say, armed jihad--refers specifically to armed struggle against unbelievers. Also, while Arabic word ''jihad'' itself does mean "struggle", the word ''jihad'' as used in Qur'an refers explicitly to armed struggle (warfare), as clealry shown by Qur'an exempting the sick, weak, children and the elderly from the ''jihad''.

to:

* The word ''jihad'', a variation on Jahada (to struggle), [[YouKeepUsingThatWord can be applied to anything]] from inner turmoil to international warfare. Further complicating the matter is the fact that in Arabic, the word ''jihad'' can be applied to ''any'' struggle, so you could legitimately call feminism the ''jihad'' for women's rights or talk about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi's ''jihad'' for Indian independence. However, four madhhab of Sunni jurisprudence and the Shia do agree that the ''jihad al-asghar'' or "lesser jihad"--which is to say, armed jihad--refers specifically to armed struggle against unbelievers. Also, while Arabic word ''jihad'' itself does mean "struggle", the word ''jihad'' as used in Qur'an refers explicitly to armed struggle (warfare), as clealry clearly shown by Qur'an exempting the sick, weak, children and the elderly from the ''jihad''.
17th May '17 4:46:00 PM Timjames98
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Added DiffLines:

* ChildrenAreInnocent: There are three types of people for whom "the pen has been lifted" (i.e. not held accountable to Allah for their actions). One of these three, and the first one mentioned, are children who have not yet reached maturity.


Added DiffLines:

* InsanityDefense: There are three types of people for whom "the pen has been lifted" (i.e. not held accountable to Allah for their actions). One of these are people who are insane (see also ChildrenAreInnocent above).
3rd May '17 7:01:20 PM DustSnitch
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* ValuesDissonance: In Islam it is stated that men and women have different roles to play in society, accounting to their different design. However in the eyes of God they will be judged fairly, with everything being taken into account for, from their actions and intentions, etc. Some Muslims believe that the Women's Rights Movement ''diminished'' a woman's life in comparison to what it was traditionally due to them carrying out a role they were not designed for: the internal affairs of a household and the raising of children. Men and women are meant to [[{{Foil}} complement each other]], from their actions to their rights upon each other.
** Oddly enough this is nearly identical to Catholic and traditional Christian views on the relationship of men and women. The issue is whether the government enforces faith-based teachings and to what extent.
** While many modern Muslims absolutely abhor slavery, and Muhammad taught that all persons were equal in the eyes of their creator, one of the ways you can become a slave in Islam is by being [[BornIntoSlavery born a slave.]]
* ValuesResonance: Plenty of surah in Al-Quran about how the universe works have echoes in scientific theories. Several ayat, for example, explain that Earth and the heavens were made via decompression, similar to the Big Bang Theory. Al-Anbiya:30 also explains that most, if not all, living things were made from water, just as the Theory of Evolution now holds that the first life on Earth was aquatic, and only later evolved to live on land.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.Islam