History UsefulNotes / India

19th Apr '16 4:41:25 AM erforce
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->''"We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."''\\
--'''UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein'''

->''"India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only."''\\
--'''Creator/MarkTwain'''

to:

->''"We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."''\\
--'''UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein'''

"''
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein'''

->''"India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only."''\\
--'''Creator/MarkTwain'''
"''
-->-- '''Creator/MarkTwain'''



* The second Franchise/IndianaJones film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.

to:

* The second Franchise/IndianaJones ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.
26th Mar '16 12:08:57 PM MarkLungo
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* UsefulNotes/CricketRules - UsefulNotes/{{Cricket}}, Cricket, [[RuleOfThree Cricke]]t. What is it?

to:

* UsefulNotes/CricketRules - UsefulNotes/{{Cricket}}, Cricket, [[RuleOfThree Cricke]]t.Cricket]]. What is it?
26th Mar '16 12:08:32 PM MarkLungo
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* Main/CricketRules - Cricket, Cricket, Cricket. What is it?

to:

* Main/CricketRules UsefulNotes/CricketRules - UsefulNotes/{{Cricket}}, Cricket, Cricket, Cricket.[[RuleOfThree Cricke]]t. What is it?
20th Jan '16 10:43:55 AM JulianLapostat
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The East India Company, originally chartered by UsefulNotes/ElizabethI had previously come into contact with the Mughal Emperors and initially conducted themselves in the interest of trade. The arrival of the Dutch, Portuguese and the French East India Companies as well as the great deal of instability caused by the above mentioned power vaccuum, led them to begin forming an army to protect their interests. These actions in turn got the side-eye of local Nawabs and rulers, who allied with the French or other regional heads to fight the English, often in proxy wars of European conflicts such as the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar and UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution. A good example is Tipu Sultan who, incredibly was an ally of [[UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution Revolutionary France]]. However, from the victory of Robert Clive at the 1757 Battle of Plassey to the Mutiny, a century later, [[OutsideContextVillain ... the British East India Company established unquestioned hegemony over all remaining Indian kingdoms]], going from strength to strength with the only true challenge finally coming from [[PrivateMilitaryContractors the local sipahis]] they had brought into their ranks.

Under British Colonial Rule, first under the East India Company and [[UsefulNotes/TheRaj then directly under the Crown]], two hundred and fifty years of capital-F-Foreign rule began. Initially, the East India Company was allowed to govern [[OneNationUnderCopyright more or less by itself]], which resulted in such [[KickTheDog lovely]] policies such as abusive tax-collecting (with collectors often torturing people to pay up like a proto-mafia LoanShark), aggressive missionary activity, destruction of rural infrastructure, imperialism and annexation violating treaties that the Company formerly agreed to. The East India Company also farmed opium in India with which it tried [[TheAggressiveDrugDealer to open up China's market]]. The resulting flare up was the Indian Mutiny. This event achieved two things. It resulted in the elimination of the Mughals, the brutal and violent conquest of Delhi, and the end of any future local military threat (this was the last time Indian rulers took command in battle and the last time locals actually mounted military resistance against the Crown). It also resulted in the crown [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness abolishing the EITC]] and ruling directly and *far* more cautiously. Britain created a modern, united, well-developed system of rule, with railways, telegraph and court systems - but the entire infrastructure was specifically designed to exploit the resources of the country, with only a minimal regard as to the consequences for the Indian people (although it also [[PragmaticVillainy a great deal of regard for avoiding doing things that unnecessarily antagonised the people]], e.g. rampant Christian proselytism; also, if doing something nice for the locals would also benefit the British or would cost them nothing, the authorities were often if not usually more than happy to do it). With that, right up until independence, there was also exactly zero interest (actually scratch that, minimal interest with zero ''support'' from the crown) in fixing social problems such as casteism, illiteracy, gender and income inequality, etc that civilizations were attempting to overcome around the world; any progress made on those fronts was either made in spite of the government or because something the government found expedient happened to lead to progress tangentially. Indeed, the British often encouraged these inequalities by establishing ethnic identities by special categories and quotas, which further spread religious divides. While the Raj became increasingly Indianized in terms of bureaucracy, true representative rule was never really put into place; the world's largest population was ruled without any direct way of voicing its wishes in government. This is known as "The Drain" in Indian history, when India's wealth and resources were harnessed--recklessly--by the British for their own ends. Britain then proceeded to popularize this image of the 'Poor India' around the world, emphasizing that such a country of "savages" was unfit to rule itself. The British rule was also marked by periodic famines in India, which came about because of the laissez faire attitude to liberal capitalism. As UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt[[note]]Who despite his friendship with Churchill was a critic of British Imperialism and repeatedly stated that America would not support England's imperialist holdings and would push for decolonization after the war[[/note]], noted, ''"Every year the Indian people have one thing to look forward to, like death and taxes. Sure as shooting, they have a famine. The season of the famine, they call it."''

to:

The East India Company, originally chartered by UsefulNotes/ElizabethI had previously come into contact with the Mughal Emperors and initially conducted themselves in the interest of trade. The arrival of the Dutch, Portuguese and the French East India Companies as well as the great deal of instability caused by the above mentioned power vaccuum, led them to begin forming an army to protect their interests. These actions in turn got the side-eye of local Nawabs and rulers, who allied with the French or other regional heads to fight the English, often in proxy wars of European conflicts such as the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar and UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution. A good example is Tipu Sultan who, incredibly was an ally of [[UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution Revolutionary France]]. However, from the victory of Robert Clive at the 1757 Battle of Plassey to the Mutiny, a century later, [[OutsideContextVillain ... the British East India Company established unquestioned hegemony over all remaining Indian kingdoms]], going from strength to strength with the only true challenge finally coming from [[PrivateMilitaryContractors the local sipahis]] they had brought into their ranks. \n\n Under British Colonial Rule, first under the East India Company and [[UsefulNotes/TheRaj then directly under the Crown]], two hundred and fifty years of capital-F-Foreign rule began. Initially, the East India Company was allowed to govern [[OneNationUnderCopyright more or less by itself]], which resulted in such [[KickTheDog lovely]] policies such as abusive tax-collecting (with collectors often torturing people to pay up like a proto-mafia LoanShark), aggressive missionary activity, destruction of rural infrastructure, imperialism and annexation violating treaties that the Company formerly agreed to. The East India Company also farmed opium in India with which it tried [[TheAggressiveDrugDealer to open up China's market]]. The resulting flare up was the Indian Mutiny. This event achieved two things. It resulted in the elimination of the Mughals, the brutal and violent conquest of Delhi, and the end of any future local military threat (this was the last time Indian rulers took command in battle and the last time locals actually mounted military resistance against the Crown). It also resulted in the crown [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness abolishing the EITC]] and ruling directly and *far* more cautiously.

Britain created a modern, united, well-developed system of rule, with railways, telegraph and court systems - but the entire infrastructure was specifically designed to exploit the resources of the country, with only a minimal regard as to the consequences for the Indian people (although it also [[PragmaticVillainy a great deal of regard for avoiding doing things that unnecessarily antagonised the people]], e.g. rampant Christian proselytism; also, if doing something nice for the locals would also benefit the British or would cost them nothing, the authorities were often if not usually more than happy to do it). With that, right up until independence, there was also exactly zero interest (actually scratch that, minimal interest with zero ''support'' from the crown) in fixing social problems such as casteism, illiteracy, gender and income inequality, etc that civilizations were attempting to overcome around the world; any progress made on those fronts was either made in spite of the government or because something the government found expedient happened to lead to progress tangentially. Indeed, the British often encouraged these inequalities by establishing ethnic identities by special categories and quotas, which further spread religious divides. While the Raj became increasingly Indianized in terms of bureaucracy, true representative rule was never really put into place; the world's largest population was ruled without any direct way of voicing its wishes in government. This is known as "The Drain" in Indian history, when India's wealth and resources were harnessed--recklessly--by the British for their own ends. Britain then proceeded to popularize this image of the 'Poor India' around the world, emphasizing that such a country of "savages" was unfit to rule itself. The British rule was also marked by periodic famines in India, which came about because of the laissez faire attitude to liberal capitalism. As UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt[[note]]Who despite his friendship with Churchill was a critic of British Imperialism and repeatedly stated that America would not support England's imperialist holdings and would push for decolonization after the war[[/note]], noted, ''"Every year the Indian people have one thing to look forward to, like death and taxes. Sure as shooting, they have a famine. The season of the famine, they call it."''



Despite his immense importance however, Britain's withdrawal from India ''wasn't'' quite as simple as "Gandhi's love impressed them so much they left in peace" and more a result of a number of diverse factors, such was WW2's significant impact on Britain's army and economy, anti-British riots beginning to break out around the country, growing dissent among the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Army_during_World_War_II#Aftermath Indian Army during WW2]], who were becoming increasing antagonistic towards the Allies (unsurprising, since they were now caught in a situation where they were fighting ''against'' an oppressive regime ''for'' an oppressive regime -- nearly 100,000 Indian soldiers eventually defected over to the INA; [[LaResistance the pro-Japanese, anti-British Resistance]] movement, and some [=POWs=] were actually recruited voluntarily by the Japanese; both these forces inevitably went on to fight the Allies in Southeast Asia) plus, having just witnessed the results of a totalitarian government, the world was much less willing to buy the idea of British rule being for "India's own good".

The tragedy of the Partition came as a result of the rather messy creation of India and Pakistan as separate states a full year earlier than planned. The British got their dignified exit, but at the expense of a few million people who were displaced and impoverished by the war and mass exodus that soon followed. In retrospect the two-state solution was a bad idea, Britain had also had to speed the de-colonisation process up as they were quite literally teetering on the edge of bankruptcy and unable to shoulder the costs of administering the colony any more - a direct result of the US' unwillingness to loan them any more money In Support Of Imperialism (in the bad sense) after [[WorldWarTwo the War's]] end, and likewise a direct consequence over their decade long policies of organizing communities on ethnic and religious lines, (which also resulted in partitions and messy independence struggles in Ireland and British Palestine). It goes without saying that the East India Company, and its successor The Raj[[note]] The company had been running at a loss for decades, but the final straw was a widespread mercenary (Sepoy) rebellion in 1857-8 which convinced Westminster that letting a corporation control 2/3 of a sub-continent was a bad idea[[/note]], had done much to play India's Muslim (e.g. the Mughal Empire and its secessionist kingdoms) and Hindu (e.g. the Maharatta Confederacy) realms - and people - against each other for the better part of a century, passing laws to 'preserve' their differences and the caste system (to counter the melding of culture and castes/classes in the century or two of strife and social mobility that marked the disintegration of the Mughal Empire) [[DivideAndConquer to ensure the region would be easier to govern]].

[[FromBadToWorse Things took a rapid turn for the worse]] when Muhammad Ali Jinnah, India's most prominent Muslim leader, put forward a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-nation_theory charming theory]] that Hindus and Muslims must live in separate countries, divided by religion. India being a region of numerous faiths, the situation spiraled out of control rapidly, escalating into full-scale communal riots that left hundreds of thousands dead. The new Indian Muslim state was called 'Pak(i)stan', an acronym of its constituent provinces of the Punjab, Afghan Province, Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan (but not [[AndZoidberg Bangladesh]], aka 'East Pakistan'). The Partition occurred on the 15 August 1947. Eventually, with Indian military support, Bangladesh gained its own independence from Pakistan after a rather bloody revolution. In spite of the goal of Pakistan as a separate Muslim state, the fact remains that a large number of Muslims remained in India and as of 21st Century, India ranks among the top three Muslim populations in the world, with 172 million residing in India and calling it home (greater than the total populations of Russia and Japan). It's only in proportion to the 900+ million Hindu population that Muslims constitute a "minority" in India.

Obtaining total Independence from Britain on August 15th, 1947, India was divided into what is now modern India, Pakistan, [[UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} Portuguese occupied Goa]] (which was later conquered and integrated into India--not that most Goans had any problem with it),[[note]]This led to a rather amusing incident in which the Portugese attempted to invoke the [[BindingAncientTreaty Anglo-Portugese Treaty of 1373]] to defend Goa against India; the British basically told them, "You're a puny bunch of quasi-fascist colonialists, India is a powerful and reasonably-friendly and democratic member of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealth, so...how about no?"[[/note]] Bangladesh (which broke off from Pakistan in '71 with India's help), Bhutan (which remains independent), and Sikkim (which was an Indian protectorate from independence to 1975, at which point it was admitted as a state). A much-overlooked fact is that because of the structure of the British Raj, India had to fight for considerable swaths of territory (Kashmir aside). The country at the time was divided into a whopping ''five hundred plus'' now-independent Princely States (which Britain had governed and taxed indirectly through traditional Indian monarchs) and, deciding not to expend the vast resources that would be necessary to make a smooth transition, Britain took an attitude of "you guys sort it out among yourselves" and withdrew without establishing the new government.

Meanwhile, the Herculean task of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_integration_of_India uniting the princely states]] fell to Home Minister Vallabhai Patel, his Constitutional Advisor V.P. Menon, and (more controversially) the Britain-appointed Viceroy Luis Mountbatten. While the parts of the subcontinent under direct British rule immediately became part of the Union of India (as it was called before it became a republic in 1950), the Princely States themselves had the option of joining India, joining Pakistan, or remaining independent. Majority-Muslim states on the border with Pakistan tended to join Pakistan without controversy, while most others chose to join India. However, several princely states refused to follow the obvious patterns, the most notable of which are Kashmir, Junagadh, and Hyderabad, all instances where the ruling elite was a different religion from the majority of the population in the state. Kashmir, where the ruler was Hindu and the people Muslim, is quite possibly the biggest political can of worms in the world today besides the ArabIsraeliConflict and (historically, perhaps) UsefulNotes/TheTroubles. The other two major instances involved a Muslim ruler over a majority-Hindu state: Junagadh's Muslim prince decided to join Pakistan despite not bordering it at all, leading India to essentially lay siege to the territory, and eventually the prince fled. Hyderabad's Muslim ruler decided he didn't much care to be part of India ''or'' Pakistan, and Hyderabad had to be [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Polo integrated by force of arms]].

A lot of the problems that nobody got around to rectifying before independence are still there now, most notably a high rate of illiteracy in the more rural areas, which both the government and private organizations are fighting to change. Sixty years of quick, accelerated development later, India today is the world's largest democracy, maintaining the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Military second largest military in the world]], a nuclear superpower, and the only nation that has U.N permission to trade in nuclear fuel without having signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

For a country that has only had six decades of actual modern development, it says a lot about how fast the nation is moving forward, especially when Americans today are concerned that Indians are surpassing them in the IT sector. Poverty is ''extremely'' widespread still, with 41% of the nation falling below the poverty line (and an equal percentage of malnourished children), and the nation containing a third of the world's poor. It is trying to deal with these problems, but it remains a slow climb.

to:

Despite his immense importance however, Britain's withdrawal from India ''wasn't'' quite as simple as "Gandhi's love impressed them so much they left in peace" and more was not solely, or mainly, a result of Gandhi's protests, rather a result of a number of diverse factors, such was factors. This includes: WW2's significant impact on Britain's army and economy, anti-British riots beginning to break out around the country, growing dissent among the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Army_during_World_War_II#Aftermath Indian Army during WW2]], who were becoming increasing antagonistic towards the Allies (unsurprising, since they were now caught in a situation where they were fighting ''against'' an oppressive regime ''for'' an oppressive regime -- nearly 100,000 Indian soldiers eventually defected over to the INA; [[LaResistance the pro-Japanese, anti-British Resistance]] movement, and some [=POWs=] were actually recruited voluntarily by the Japanese; both these forces inevitably went on to fight the Allies in Southeast Asia) plus, having just witnessed the results of a totalitarian government, the world was much less willing to buy the idea of British rule being for "India's own good".

The tragedy of
good". Even then, the Partition came as a result of the rather messy creation of India and Pakistan as separate states a full year earlier than planned. The British got their dignified exit, but at the expense of a few million people who were displaced and impoverished by the war and mass exodus that soon followed. In retrospect the two-state solution was a bad idea, Britain had also had to speed the de-colonisation process up as they were quite literally teetering on the edge of bankruptcy and unable to shoulder the costs of administering the colony any more - a direct result of the US' unwillingness to loan them any more money In Support Of Imperialism (in the bad sense) after [[WorldWarTwo the War's]] end, and likewise a direct consequence over their decade long policies of organizing communities on ethnic and religious lines, (which also resulted in partitions and messy independence struggles attained in Ireland and British Palestine). It goes without saying that the East India Company, and its successor The Raj[[note]] The company had been running at a loss for decades, but the final straw 1947 was a widespread mercenary (Sepoy) rebellion in 1857-8 which convinced Westminster that letting a corporation control 2/3 of a sub-continent was a bad idea[[/note]], had done as much to play India's Muslim (e.g. triumph as it was tragedy.

The policies of UsefulNotes/TheRaj, alongside internal party disputes within
the Mughal Empire and its secessionist kingdoms) and Hindu (e.g. Congress, led to a polarization between the Maharatta Confederacy) realms - and people - against each other for two parties of the better part of a century, passing laws to 'preserve' their differences Indian National Congress and the caste system (to counter the melding of culture and castes/classes in the century or two of strife and social mobility that marked the disintegration Muslim League. The leader of the Mughal Empire) [[DivideAndConquer to ensure the region would be easier to govern]].

[[FromBadToWorse Things took a rapid turn for the worse]] when
Muslim League, and founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, India's most prominent Muslim leader, put forward Jinnah was originally a member of the Congress party. He had once voiced support for Hindu-Muslim unity, and was a committed nationalist. Yet, factional disputes within the Congress, percieved closeness to Hindu religious leaders and fears of a Hindu nationalism rather than a secular one, made him sympathetic to the a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-nation_theory charming theory]] that Hindus and Muslims must live in two-nation theory]], a demand for a separate countries, divided by religion. India being a region of numerous faiths, the situation spiraled nation for India's sizable Muslim minority carved out of control rapidly, escalating into full-scale communal riots that left hundreds of thousands dead. The new Indian Muslim state was called 'Pak(i)stan', an acronym of its constituent provinces of in the Punjab, Afghan Province, Kashmir, Sind, Raj that had sizable Muslim majorities and Baluchistan (but not [[AndZoidberg Bangladesh]], aka 'East Pakistan'). The Partition occurred on the 15 August 1947. Eventually, with Indian military support, Bangladesh gained its own independence from Hindu-Sikh minorities. This idea of nationalism was inspired by Kemalism, Zionism and Arab nationalism, i.e. it revolved around social identity of Muslims as citizens, rather than building a theocratic state, and Jinnah fully expected a Pakistan after a rather bloody revolution. In spite that would be democratic and eventually co-exist alongside India. This notion of the goal of Pakistan as a separate Muslim state, nation was opposed by the Congress' leadership who were committed to a secular state and believed that its leadership was representative of all Indians, the majority Hindus and its minorities. It is a fact remains that despite the purpose of Pakistan as a large nation for the Muslim minority, a vast number of Muslims remained did not wish to live in India a separate Muslim nation and as of identified with Indian nationalism. Indeed, in the 21st Century, India ranks among the top three Muslim populations in the world, with 172 million residing in India and calling it home (greater than the total populations of Russia and Japan). It's only in proportion to the 900+ million Hindu population that Muslims constitute a "minority" in India.

Obtaining total Independence from Britain on August 15th, 1947, Nonetheless, in consequence of a series of factors in the 1940s, Jinnah and the Muslim League won enough support in a 1945 regional electorate that their demands for a separate nation were taken seriously by the English. The Labour government, who came to power in 1945, promised independence and devolution, and the goal was a "dignified exit" and as such Louis Mountbatten agreed to a two-nation division of the former British Raj. There isn't a great deal of consensus for what follows but historians agree that the most contentious issues invole 1) The case of the Princely States, the areas of India governed [[InNameOnly by nominal Princes]] who had the right to accede to either India and Pakistan or declare neutrality and idependence. 2) The movement of the date of transfer far earlier than intended. In the case of the former, there were issues of Hindu Kings ruling over regions with Muslim minorities (cf, UsefulNotes/TheKashmirQuestion) and vice versa. Whether "neutrality" was the desires of the King over that of their people and if it weren't more democratic to put the issue of national self-determination to a Plebiscite. In the case of the latter, the moving up the date meant that the infrastructure to arrange and police the population exchange had to be erected in haste, and in some cases, not at all. As such people were forced to suddenly leave what they considered their homes, with their belongings and asked to move to an area which they were told was now their country when, in most cases, their true homeland was the world they left behind, whose new residents were...the strangers coming their way to take it. This led to the violence of the Partition, the largest and bloodiest communal violence in South East Asia, where more than a million people were killed as Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims clashed in Bengal, Punjab and the Sindh, in addition to leaving millions more displaced. This was the largest population exchange and greatest human migration in history. To say that the parties (India, British, Pakistan) were unprepared and incompetent in handling the crisis is an {{Understatement}}. The trauma of these events had a psychological impact on India and Pakistan, and the memories of these events, the loss of land, lives and dignity, and the overall responsibility [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment is an issue of great contention]].

The former British Raj which governed the whole subcontinent
was divided into what is now modern India, Pakistan (a non-contiguous land that included West Pakistan and East Pakistan[[note]]Eventually, with Indian military support, East Pakistan, carved out of the Bengal province, became Bangladesh and gained its own independence from Pakistan after a rather bloody revolution.[[/note]]), [[UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} Portuguese occupied Goa]] (which [[note]](which was later conquered and integrated into India--not that most Goans had any problem with it),[[note]]This it), This led to a rather amusing incident in which the Portugese attempted to invoke the [[BindingAncientTreaty Anglo-Portugese Treaty of 1373]] to defend Goa against India; the British basically told them, "You're a puny bunch of quasi-fascist colonialists, India is a powerful and reasonably-friendly and democratic member of UsefulNotes/TheCommonwealth, so...how about no?"[[/note]] Bangladesh (which broke off from Pakistan in '71 with India's help), no?"[[/note]], Bhutan (which remains independent), and Sikkim (which was an Indian protectorate from independence to 1975, at which point it was admitted as a state). A much-overlooked fact is that because of the structure of the British Raj, India had to fight for considerable swaths of territory (Kashmir aside).territory. The country at the time was divided into a whopping ''five hundred plus'' now-independent Princely States (which Britain had governed and taxed indirectly through traditional Indian monarchs) and, deciding not to expend the vast resources that would be necessary to make a smooth transition, Britain took an attitude of "you guys sort it out among yourselves" and withdrew without establishing the new government.

Meanwhile, On August 15, 1947, India became an independent nation, which despite its partitions, constituted the 7th largest nation in the world. The Herculean task of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_integration_of_India uniting the princely states]] fell to Home Minister Vallabhai Patel, his Constitutional Advisor V.P. Menon, and (more controversially) the Britain-appointed Viceroy Luis Louis Mountbatten. While the parts of the subcontinent under direct British rule immediately became part of the Union of India (as it was called before it became a republic in 1950), the Princely States themselves had the option of joining India, joining Pakistan, or remaining independent. Majority-Muslim states on the border with Pakistan tended to join Pakistan without controversy, while most others chose to join India. However, several princely states refused to follow the obvious patterns, the most notable of which are Kashmir, Junagadh, and Hyderabad, all instances where the ruling elite was a different religion from the majority of the population in the state. Kashmir, where the ruler was Hindu and the people Muslim, is quite possibly the biggest political can of worms in the world today besides the ArabIsraeliConflict and (historically, perhaps) UsefulNotes/TheTroubles. The other two major instances involved a Muslim ruler over a majority-Hindu state: Junagadh's Muslim prince decided to join Pakistan despite not bordering it at all, leading India to essentially lay siege to the territory, and eventually the prince fled. Hyderabad's Muslim ruler decided he didn't much care to be part of India ''or'' Pakistan, and Hyderabad had to be [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Polo integrated by force of arms]].

A lot of the problems that nobody got around to rectifying before independence are still there now, most notably a high rate of illiteracy in the more rural areas, which both the government and private organizations are fighting to change. Sixty change, the uneven spread of urbanization and since TheNineties, massive income inequality, UrbanSegregation and the rise of communal violence and political corruption. On the positive side, sixty years of quick, accelerated development later, India today is the world's largest democracy, maintaining the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Military second largest military in the world]], a nuclear superpower, and the only nation that has U.N permission to trade in nuclear fuel without having signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty. \n\n For a country that has only had six decades of actual modern development, it says a lot about how fast the nation is moving forward, especially when Americans today are concerned that Indians are surpassing them in the IT sector. Poverty is ''extremely'' widespread still, with 41% of the nation falling below the poverty line (and an equal percentage of malnourished children), and the nation containing a third of the world's poor. It is trying to deal with these problems, but it remains a slow climb.
30th Dec '15 9:19:36 AM StFan
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Despite his immense importance however, Britain's withdrawal from India ''wasn't'' quite as simple as Gandhi's love impressed them so much they left in peace" and more a result of a number of diverse factors, such was WW2's significant impact on Britain's army and economy, anti-British riots beginning to break out around the country, growing dissent among the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Army_during_World_War_II#Aftermath Indian Army during WW2]], who were becoming increasing antagonistic towards the Allies (unsurprising, since they were now caught in a situation where they were fighting ''against'' an oppressive regime ''for'' an oppressive regime - nearly 100,000 Indian soldiers eventually defected over to the INA; [[LaResistance the pro-Japanese, anti-British Resistance]] movement, and some POWs were actually recruited voluntarily by the Japanese; both these forces inevitably went on to fight the Allies in Southeast Asia) plus, having just witnessed the results of a totalitarian government, the world was much less willing to buy the idea of British rule being for "India's own good".

to:

Despite his immense importance however, Britain's withdrawal from India ''wasn't'' quite as simple as Gandhi's "Gandhi's love impressed them so much they left in peace" and more a result of a number of diverse factors, such was WW2's significant impact on Britain's army and economy, anti-British riots beginning to break out around the country, growing dissent among the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Army_during_World_War_II#Aftermath Indian Army during WW2]], who were becoming increasing antagonistic towards the Allies (unsurprising, since they were now caught in a situation where they were fighting ''against'' an oppressive regime ''for'' an oppressive regime - -- nearly 100,000 Indian soldiers eventually defected over to the INA; [[LaResistance the pro-Japanese, anti-British Resistance]] movement, and some POWs [=POWs=] were actually recruited voluntarily by the Japanese; both these forces inevitably went on to fight the Allies in Southeast Asia) plus, having just witnessed the results of a totalitarian government, the world was much less willing to buy the idea of British rule being for "India's own good".
28th Dec '15 4:00:06 AM JulianLapostat
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28th Dec '15 3:58:30 AM JulianLapostat
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India's wealth did not go unnoticed for long and the northern parts of India were subject to repeated raids from the Arabs and the Mongols. The Arab Sultans started making in-roads into India between 800-1400, starting several small kingdoms often inter-marrying with local rulers and allying with them to carve territory. Some of these rulers were highly notable, including Razia Sultana, the daughter of Alauddin Khilji who became [[SheIsTheKing the only female Sultan of India]] who ruled on her own. There was also Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan warlord who revived the ancient capital of Pataliputa (modern day Bihar) and ruled for five years (between the reigns of Humayun and Akbar) but in that time, extended the Grand Trunk Road, built a Post Office and invented the Rupee, the currency of the Indian subcontinent. Eventually, political unity would come about with the rise of the Mughal Empire, who would at their height grow to unify well over 80% of the subcontinent. Unlike earlier Arab rulers or other foreign rulers before (and after), the Mughals under Akbar started assimilating into Indian culture and traditions. Akbar famously abolished the tax for non-Muslims and promoted Hindus into high positions in the government and started a much admired policy of religious co-existence that would later be cited by nationalists as an inspiration for a plural society that formed part of secular Indian nationalism. This era of the Mughals brought about an architectural and cultural Renaissance comparable to Florence under the Medici, or France under UsefulNotes/LouisXIV. From this period dates monuments such as Humayun's Tomb, Fatehpur Sikhri, Buland Darwaza and under Akbar's grandson, Shahjahan, the Old Delhi quarter and of course the Taj Mahal, India's [[EiffelTowerEffect most iconic monument]]. The Mughals also promoted infrastructure, relative order and created a system of vassals and alliances. This was not always peaceful of course because the Mughals, however benign and tolerant they were, were still TheEmpire.

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India's wealth did not go unnoticed for long and the northern parts of India were subject to repeated raids from the Arabs and the Mongols. The Arab Sultans started making in-roads into India between 800-1400, starting several small kingdoms often inter-marrying with local rulers and allying with them to carve territory. Some of these rulers were highly notable, including Razia Sultana, the daughter of Alauddin Khilji who became [[SheIsTheKing the only female Sultan of India]] who ruled on her own. There was also Sher Shah Suri, an Afghan warlord who revived the ancient capital of Pataliputa Pataliputra (modern day Bihar) and ruled for five years (between the reigns of Humayun and Akbar) but in that time, extended the Grand Trunk Road, built a Post Office and invented the Rupee, the currency of the Indian subcontinent. Eventually, political unity would come about with the rise of the Mughal Empire, who would at their height grow to unify well over 80% of the subcontinent. Unlike earlier Arab rulers or other foreign rulers before (and after), the Mughals under Akbar started assimilating into Indian culture and traditions. Akbar famously abolished the tax for non-Muslims and promoted Hindus into high positions in the government and started a much admired policy of religious co-existence that would later be cited by nationalists as an inspiration for a plural society that formed part of secular Indian nationalism. This era of the Mughals brought about an architectural and cultural Renaissance comparable to Florence under the Medici, or France under UsefulNotes/LouisXIV. From this period dates monuments such as Humayun's Tomb, Fatehpur Sikhri, Buland Darwaza and under Akbar's grandson, Shahjahan, the Old Delhi quarter and of course the Taj Mahal, India's [[EiffelTowerEffect most iconic monument]]. The Mughals also promoted infrastructure, relative order and created a system of vassals and alliances. This was not always peaceful of course because the Mughals, however benign and tolerant they were, were still TheEmpire.



[[folder:States and Union Territories]]
India is a federation of 29 states plus 7 union territories, as in territories controlled directly by the federal government. These states are all ''very'' diverse and unique culturally, politically, and demographically. Compared to the US, for example, which for the most part only has English as an official language, India has ''22'' official languages (part of the Scheduled Languages of India; languages subject to development and use), and that's not counting hundreds of minority languages or thousands of dialects whose speakers number in the ''millions'' considering India's humongous population size...Actually, if seen from the viewpoint of cultural diversity, India is comparable to Europe had it's not fractured to the multitude of countries it currently has.

The founding fathers of the country obviously recognized how this diversity would posit a problem in the long run if not treated carefully, so after uniting the hundreds of princely states that made up the Raj, the country is transformed into a federation with the states drawn according to the ethnic groups that dominate each part, neatly avoiding the pitfalls befalling those European countries who drew the borders for their former colonies without this in mind.

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[[folder:States * UsefulNotes/IndianStatesAndUnionTerritories

[[WMG:Indian Culture]]
* Myth/HinduMythology - The truth about it, not the unresearched crap you see in movies.
* UsefulNotes/IndianLanguages - 22 officially recognized languages, 250+ minor languages, 4000+ variations
and Union Territories]]
India is a federation of 29 states plus 7 union territories, as in territories controlled directly by the federal government. These states
dialects...
* UsefulNotes/{{Bollywood}} - The Hindi Film Industry, nicknamed after its U.S counterpart.
* Main/TheOtherwoods - Because not all Indian movies
are all ''very'' diverse Bollywood.
* Main/FilmiMusic - Ever wonder why Indian movies have so many songs
and unique culturally, politically, and demographically. Compared to the US, for example, which for the most part only has English as an official language, India has ''22'' official languages (part musical numbers?
* Main/CricketRules - Cricket, Cricket, Cricket. What is it?
* Main/TypeCaste - And just like everywhere else, Indians have their own type of racism. The one particular aspect
of the Scheduled Languages of India; languages subject nation's history people want to development and use), and that's not counting hundreds of minority languages or thousands of dialects whose speakers number in the ''millions'' considering forget, but can't.
* Mad Dogs And Englishmen -
India's humongous population size...Actually, if seen from the viewpoint climate

[[WMG: Misrepresentations
of cultural diversity, India is comparable in International Media]]
* SimSimSalabim - What does India looks like? It's full of snake charmers and flying carpets, of course!
* Indian Accents - You are
to Europe had be teaching me very good English, Masterji!
* BollywoodNerd - All Indians are absolute geniuses!
* OperatorFromIndia - No, wait, all Indians work in Call Centers!
* Kali Is The Goddess Of Death - Apparently, Indians worship death and want to destroy the world.

[[WMG:Indian Food & Cuisine - Contrary to popular belief,
it's not fractured to all spices and pepper.]]
* South Indian Food - Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and other Southern States
* North Indian Food - Punjab, Kashmir, Rajasthan, etc.
* Other Cuisines Of India - Eastern, Western, and North Eastern India

[[WMG: Law Enforcement, Military and Politics]]
* UsefulNotes/IndiansWithIglas - The Indian Military
* Indian Laws - The Police, The Court System, And other organizations.
** UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw - India's colonial legal heritage. Everything but family/personal law falls under this tradition.
* UsefulNotes/TheIndoPakistanConflict - The general rivalry between India and Pakistan.
** UsefulNotes/TheKashmirQuestion - A major source of tension in
the multitude of countries it currently has.

above rivalry.

[[WMG: Transport And Communications]]
* Indian Railways -
The founding fathers Railway department of the government holds the Guinness Book distinction of being the world's largest commercial or utility employer.
* Indian Roads - Ah, the roadways of India. Or, alternately, your worst nightmare.

[[WMG: The People Of India]]
* Unity In Diversity - Hundreds of religions and languages, how do they coexist?
* Indian Accents
* Main/TypeCaste

[[WMG: It Happens Only In India]]
* The Land Of Festivals - India is known as the Land Of Festivals. Read this to find out why.
* Indian Culture Shock - a popular trope used in Indian films, which is now spreading to Hollywood.
[[/index]]

[[AC:India in popular culture]]
* The most ancient erotica guide ''Literature/KamaSutra'' was written in India.
* The fairy tale ''Literature/TheKingWhoWouldBeStrongerThanFate''.
* Creator/RudyardKipling's ''Literature/JungleBook'' and naturally all adaptations of this story, like ''Disney/JungleBook'' take place in India. Kipling's other stories, like ''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'', ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' and ''Literature/JustSoStories'' are also often set in this country.
* ''Literature/APassageToIndia'' by E.M. Forster is a novel about the relationship between Britain and India in the last days of the British Raj.
* ''Literature/TheGreatGame'' by Peter Hopkirk is about the rivarly between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire to gain power in India.
* Creator/LaurelAndHardy: The film ''Bonnie Scotland'' sends Laurel & Hardy to India, where they become part of the British colonial army.
* ''Film/GungaDin'' is an 1939 adventure movie with Creator/CaryGrant set in colonial India.
* ''Film/ElephantBoy'' is a 1937 British adventure movie starring Sabu, who takes care of elephants in India.
* Creator/GeorgeOrwell's debut, ''Burmese Days'', is an autobiographical account about the British colonial police in India, where he was once a member. Orwell wrote down his disgust about the way they treated the local people there.
* ''Film/{{Gandhi}}'' (1982), a {{Biopic}} about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi which won the Oscar for ''Best Picture'' that year.
* The second Franchise/IndianaJones film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Apu Nahasapeemapetilon and his wife Manjula hail from India. In the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E17KissKissBangBangalore'' the Simpsons family visit India.
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'': Tintin visits India halfway ''Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh'' and is still in
the country obviously recognized how this diversity would posit a problem in at the long run if not treated carefully, so after uniting the hundreds start of princely states that made up the Raj, ''Recap/TintinTheBlueLotus''. He visits the country again briefly in ''Recap/TintinTintinInTibet''.
* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'': Asterix, Obelix and Cacofonix visit India in ''Recap/AsterixAndTheMagicCarpet''.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': In 1960 author Willy Vandersteen travelled to South East Asia. It inspired several stories, including the albums ''De Gouden Cirkel'', ''De Wilde Weldoener'' and ''De Junglebloem'', which are set (sometimes partially) in India.
* ''Series/RippingYarns'': The episode "Roger of the Raj"
is transformed into a federation set in the time of UsefulNotes/TheRaj.
* Some of the ''Literature/{{Sandokan}}'' books are partially or completely set in India immediately before and during the Raj,
with the states drawn according to fourth having the ethnic groups that dominate each part, neatly avoiding Mutiny of 1857 as its backdrop.
* Music/RaviShankar is
the pitfalls befalling those European countries most famous Indian musician in the world. He made traditional sitar music famous in the West.
* Music/TheBeatles were influenced by Indian culture, music and philosophy from 1965 on, when they filmed ''Film/{{Help}}''. On ''Music/RubberSoul'', ''Music/{{Revolver}}'' and ''Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand'' the tracks "Norwegian Wood", "Love You To" and "Within Without You" have Music/GeorgeHarrison play a sitar. Harrison's first solo album ''Music/WonderWallMusic'' is predominantly instrumental Indian music.
* Music/TheKinks :"See My Friends" (1965) and "Fancy", from the 1966 album ''Face to Face'', is one of the first Western rock songs to add Indian themes and instrumentation.
* Music/TheYardbirds: The track "White Summer" on ''Music/LittleGames'' has an Eastern music sound, exemplified by an oboe and an Indian-percussion tabla. During "Glimpses" a sitar plays.
* The Paul Butterfield Blues Band has a 13 minute instrumental titled "East-West" (1966), incorporating Indian influences.
* Music/TheRollingStones: Their song "Paint It, Black", from ''Music/{{Aftermath}}'' (1966) and the song "Gomper" features Music/BrianJones on sitar.
* Music/TheByrds: Their singles "Eight Miles High" and "Why" have Indian influences.
* Music/JohnColtrane: Was very much inspired by Arabian and Indian folk music later in his career and used these sounds in his own work.
* Cornershop: A British indie rock
who drew assimilated Asian instruments such as the borders for sitar and dholki in their former colonies music, including the hit song "Brimful of Asha".
* ''Literature/PatherPanchali'' is a renowned classic of world cinema.
* Of course, all BollywoodMovies take place in India and Pakistan.
* The comedy ''Film/MonsoonWedding (2001)'', which won a Golden Lion in Venice, is about romantic entanglements during a traditional Punjabi Hindu wedding.
* Creator/RoaldDahl's ''Literature/TheWonderfulStoryOfHenrySugar'' has several stories. The title story is about a man who learns [[spoiler: who to see
without this using his eyes]] from a man from India...
* Part of ''Literature/EatPrayLove'' is set
in mind. India, where the protagonist meets a guru.
* ''WesternAnimation/SitaSingsTheBlues'' is a 2008 animated film about Hindu mythology.
* ''Animation/TheReturnOfHanuman'' is a 2007 spin-off movie centered around the Hindu god Hanuman.
* ''Animation/RoadsideRomeo'' is a 2008 Bollywood animated feature.
* Creator/SalmanRushdie's ''Literature/MidnightsChildren'' is a book about the history of India.
* The track "New Delhi" from ''Music/TheRiseAndFall'' by Music/{{Madness}} is about a character dreaming he is India.
* Music/NikolaiRimskyKorsakov's "Song Of India" from the opera "Sadko" is a dreamy piece about the mystery of the orient. It has been covered by many big band musicians too.



!States

!! Arunachal Pradesh
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Itanagar\\
'''Area:''' 83,743km² / 32,333mi² \\
'''Population:''' 1,382,611 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 20 February 1987 \\

The state of Arunachal Pradesh is both the northeastern and easternmost state of India.
The state is quite mountainous, being surrounded by the Himalayas in its northern side. Most of the population speak Sino-Tibetan languages (y'know, [[CaptainObvious the family that includes Chinese and Tibetan]]), and a significant minority still subscribe to Buddhism when other parts of the Indian society have largely dropped the religion a long time ago, though Christianity holds a plurality faith-wise. Actually, the reason for this is because the region was originally a part of UsefulNotes/{{Tibet}}, who ceded the region in the 1910s, back when they were still independent. Obviously, China (who now owns Tibet) doesn't like this one bit and continues to claim the region as part of their own. This is the reason for the Sino-Indian War of the 1960s.
----

!! Assam
->'''Capital:''' Dispur\\
'''Largest City:''' Guwahati\\
'''Area:''' 78,438km² / 30,285mi² \\
'''Population:''' 31,205,576 \\
'''Official languages:''' Assamese
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 15 August 1947\\

This state once encompassed the entire northeastern India, but was eventually split to accommodate the non-Indian-speaking populations of the region. It borders Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh to the south. It's famous for its the Brahmaputra valley it stands on, oil, and [[SpotOfTea tea]] (the state is the world's largest tea-growing region). Assam, with its tropical rainforest climate, houses one of the world's largest biodiversity zones. It preserves a great deal of animal species, many of which are critically endangered.
----

!! Bihar
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Patna\\
'''Area:''' 94,163km² / 36,357mi² \\
'''Population:''' 103,804,637 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 15 August 1947 \\

Bordering Nepal to its north, the state of Bihar is one of the founding states of the country and has one of the oldest history in the whole region. It's the location of Magadha, the capital of India's first empire, the Mauryan Empire. It's also the center of the Gupta Empire, considered by many to be where India had its identity completely shaped up as science, philosophy, and commerce flourished. And it's also the region where Buddhism first arose and became one of the most-practiced religion in the whole world ([[NeverAcceptedInHisHometown though not in its homeland itself]]). Sadly, its rich history do not translate to the modern world well, as it's currently one of the poorest state in India, with a lack of infrastructure, lack of urban activities, overpopulation of young people, and no unique identity other than being Indian to speak of (ironic, considering its history).
----

!! Manipur
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Imphal\\
'''Area:''' 22,327km² / 8,621mi² \\
'''Population:''' 2,570,390 \\
'''Official languages:''' Meithei
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 \\

Manipur is one of the "Seven Sister States" of Northeastern India. It borders Myanmar to the east. The people of Manipur are largely tribal and speak Meithei, a language that is not part of Indo-Aryan or Dravidian language families as typical with other parts of India, but instead forms an independent branch within Sino-Tibetan. This characteristic is actually shared with several other states of Northeastern India, and it is for this reason that separatist movements sometimes arise; Manipur itself is currently under a militant insurgency that has claimed almost two thousand lives since it started in TheSixties. This is not helped by the Partition of India, as this means that the entire area is landlocked, while help from the mainland can only be delivered from the narrow Siliguri Corridor, a highly guarded region bordering three countries at once (Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) with illegal trading and other problems on its own.

On a positive note, the people of Manipur help popularize polo (though the sport is actually native to Iran).
----

!! Meghalaya
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Shillong\\
'''Area:''' 22,429km² / 8,660mi² \\
'''Population:''' 2,964,007 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 \\

This forested state is located between the large Assam state to its north and Bangladesh to its south. It's one of the three states of India whose population are overwhelmingly Christian. English serves as a uniting language to this very multicultural state, which houses the Khasi people (an Austroasiatic people, which means that they're related to the [[UsefulNotes/{{Vietnam}} Vietnamese]]), Garo (Sino-Tibetan, as per other northeastern states), and assortments of Bengali, Nepali, and other minorities. The culture of the Khasi people is notably matriarchal, which contrasts with the highly patriarchal society of regular Indians, and a very unusual one at that: in the state, properties are inherited by the ''[[YoungestChildWins youngest]]'' daughter of the family.
----

!! Mizoram

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Aizawl\\
'''Area:''' 21,087km² / 8,142mi² \\
'''Population:''' 1,091,014 \\
'''Official languages:''' Mizo
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 20 February 1987 \\

The state of Mizoram was carved from Assam in 1972, gaining statehood in 1987. It's the southernmost of the northeastern states of India (collectively known as the "Seven Sister States") and borders Bangladesh and Myanmar. It's also one of the three states of India to have a Christian majority; Presbyterians dominate the northern part of the state, while people subscribe to Baptists in the south. The people here, like other northeastern states, are largely tribal and from time to time profess the hope of separating themselves from India, though the militant activities are quite low in Mizoram itself compared to its neighbor Manipur. The economy of Mizoram is still largely agricultural, most of them in the form of slash-and-burn practices known as jhum.
----

!! Nagaland

->'''Capital:''' Kohima\\
'''Largest City:''' Dimapur\\
'''Area:''' 16,579km² / 6,401mi² \\
'''Population:''' 1,980,602 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 December 1963 \\

This mountainous state is located in Northeastern India and borders Myanmar to its east. It's one of the three states of India that has a Christian-majority population. It has been involved in some ethnic violence and separatist movements in the 20th century, though most of them have died down in recent years. Like other northeastern states, the economy and infrastructure are still undeveloped due to its relative remoteness (i.e. mountains).
----

!! Sikkim
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Gangtok\\
'''Area:''' 7,096km² / 2,740mi² \\
'''Population:''' 607,688 \\
'''Official languages:''' Nepali, English, Sikkimese, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Tamang, and Sunwar (!)
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 16 May 1975 \\

The state of Sikkim is the second-smallest state in India and one of the most mountainous state in the country, up there with Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. It borders Nepal to the west, Bhutan to the east, and China (through the Tibetan Autonomous Region) to the north. The people here are mainly Nepalis who are Hindu, and the Bhutians, closely related to the Dzongkhas of Bhutan and the Tibetans, and who are mostly Vajrayana Buddhist, yet the state is remembered solely for its Buddhist population, the Nepalis being relatively recent migrants. Due to the SceneryPorn that characterizes the state, it's obviously a major tourist destination; having [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathu_La the only land border with China]] probably helps too. It also has the largest number of official languages among all states in India, as mentioned above (11 languages!).
----

!! Tripura
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Agartala\\
'''Area:''' 10,491.69km² / 4,050.86mi² \\
'''Population:''' 3,671,032 \\
'''Official languages:''' Bengali and Kokborok
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 \\

The state of Tripura borders Bangladesh to its west and is the site of those Hindu Bengalis who migrated from the newly-created East Pakistan during the Partition of India in 1947. These migrations resulted in the state having a Bengali majority, even though it's not considered a part of the Bengal ethno-linguistic region, as indigenous people called Tripuri, who speak the Sino-Tibetan language of Kokborok, have already lived there for centuries. This predictably results in occasional armed violence adding to the already-troubled northeastern region. Being landlocked and having one of the worst infrastructure systems in the whole of India do not contribute positively to the matter.

And yes, the name of state corresponds exactly to the Greek word [[UsefulNotes/{{Greece}} "Tri]][[UsefulNotes/{{Libya}} po]][[UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}} li"]] (both mean "Three Cities").
----

!! Uttar Pradesh
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Lucknow\\
'''Area:''' 243,286km² / 93,933mi² \\
'''Population:''' 199,581,477 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 15 August 1947 \\

Considered as the center of the Hindustani culture, the state of Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state, and it's not letting down; almost 200 million people and counting, or larger than many other countries combined. It's probably also the most famous of the states of India bar Goa and West Bengal for having pretty much everything; of course you have heard about the majestic beauty that is Taj Mahal, and now you know where it's exactly located: the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh. Being the center of Hindustani culture means that many of its areas are mentioned quite a lot in many epics, be it mythological or religious, including the ''Mahabharata'' and the ''Ramayana''. Gautama Buddha concentrated his teachings here: there's the city of Varanasi (also known as Benares) where he first taught Buddhism, and he also died in Kushinagar in the northeast of the state, so expect a flood of Buddhist pilgrims to visit the state every so often. It's also the center of the Islamic Mughal empire, which historically made it the Islamic center of India. Plus, it's quite close to the national capital, Delhi.
----

!! West Bengal
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Kolkata\\
'''Area:''' 88,752km² / 34,267mi² \\
'''Population:''' 91,347,736 \\
'''Official languages:''' Bengali and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 15 August 1947 \\

One of the most important states in the country, the state of West Bengal is one half the historical Bengal ethnolinguistic region (the other half is Bangladesh), a lowland region located near the confluence of two of the great rivers of India, the Brahmaputra and the Ganges, which created a very high fertile delta, supporting a humongous population in already humongous-populated countries packed in a relatively tiny region; if combined with the population of Bangladesh, the whole region contains over ''250 million'' people in an area the size of...the United Kingdom (whose total population is a quarter of that number). Population aside, the region was important historically as it contains the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), the capital of the British Raj for many years and renowned as ''the'' center for Indian culture and education. It was eventually moved to New Delhi when the British grew wary of the Indian nationalistic movements, as Bengal was the site where the first movements for Indian independence were held. The British tried to divide the region into Hindu and Muslim camps to hinder their ability to rebel, but they protested and the plan was aborted. Sadly, the region did get divided this way during the Partition of India in 1947, resulting in some very violent population movements as the Hindus and Muslims became confused by the sudden rule change (though not to the extremity that was Punjab).

The state is known for its distinctive Bengali culture ([[BerserkButton do NOT confuse them with those Hindi]], seriously), which the people value over their differing faiths as shown when they viciously rejected the first plan to divide the region in 1905. The state is predominantly Hindu as the Muslims have mostly settled in Bangladesh (before the partition, it was one of the most multiconfessional region in the Raj), though a 25 million-strong minority can still be found (by the way, it's ''minuscule'' by India's standard).

On a last note, try to steer away from that little jut in the northeastern part of the state. That region is called the Siliguri Corridor, the only region connecting the northeastern states with the rest of the country, and it's full o' brouhaha including: militancy, illegal drug trade, illegal immigrants, not to mention bordering Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh all at once. It's currently not advisable to visit there.
----

!Territories

!! Andaman and Nicobar Islands

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Port Blair\\
'''Area:''' 8,073km² / 3,117mi² \\
'''Population:''' 380,500 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A chain of islands located at the eastern boundary of the Bay of Bengal, it's the most isolated island group and territory of India, being closer to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to the north, and spanning all the way to the north of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The islands passed through many aspiring empires, including the Danes and the Austrians before the the settling of the British, who built the capital Port Blair and the infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were the only part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under the Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting the entire British Raj, Myanmar was also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays, the islands also host a small community of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and for the most part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, the Sentinelese, don't even want interference of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.
----

!! Chandigarh

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Chandigarh\\
'''Area:''' 114km² / 44mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,054,686 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1966 \\

This union territory is an oddity; it's the only territory that's composed of only one city, the only one to be a recently-planned one (the first one, in fact), and the only one to be the capital of two states (Haryana and Punjab), though it is not part of either. Its existence is due to the Partition of India in 1947; the at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the need for a new capital city. When Punjab was split in 1966 to form the state of Haryana, they decided to keep the capital as Chandigarh as well, so it became a union territory to accommodate both states.

The city has been lauded many times for its achievement in many environmental rankings, including being the only smoke-free, the cleanest, the most structurally-organized, the most transportation-friendly, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking and GDP per capita among all cities in India.
----

!! Dadra and Nagar Haveli
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Silvassa\\
'''Area:''' 487km² / 118mi²\\
'''Population:''' 342,853 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 August 1961 \\

A small territory located in Western India near the Arabian Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's landlocked), the territory is composed of two distinct areas: the speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave of the state of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman and Diu as well as the state of Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing the annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during the invasion of Goa.
----

!! Delhi
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' New Delhi\\
'''Area:''' 1,484km² / 573mi²\\
'''Population:''' 16,314,838 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 February 1922 \\

The National Capital Territory of Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the capital city of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus population makes it the second largest city and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), and the third largest urban area in the world. As the national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every culture of India, though the area is built in the traditionally Hindi belt region and most of the population speaks Hindustani as a first language.
----

!! Daman and Diu
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
'''Area:''' 102km² / 39mi²\\
'''Population:''' 242,911 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 1987 \\

The territories of Daman and Diu were originally two of the five Portuguese possessions in the then British-controlled India, alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. The Portuguese continued to administer the territories until the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're still separated from each other by a large bay, and going from one point to another requires a crossing of 600km-long road, or ship.
----

!! Lakshadweep
->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
'''Largest City:''' Andrott\\
'''Area:''' 32km² / 12mi²\\
'''Population:''' 65,473 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role in patrolling the trade lines from India to the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, it's predominantly Malayalam, though the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, is part of the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps them together: the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].
----

!! Puducherry
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
'''Area:''' 492km² / 190mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

The union territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian culture is predominant, as the territory is located in both Tamil and Malayalam lands.
----
[[/folder]]

[[WMG:Indian Culture]]
* Myth/HinduMythology - The truth about it, not the unresearched crap you see in movies.
* UsefulNotes/IndianLanguages - 22 officially recognized languages, 250+ minor languages, 4000+ variations and dialects...
* UsefulNotes/{{Bollywood}} - The Hindi Film Industry, nicknamed after its U.S counterpart.
* Main/TheOtherwoods - Because not all Indian movies are Bollywood.
* Main/FilmiMusic - Ever wonder why Indian movies have so many songs and musical numbers?
* Main/CricketRules - Cricket, Cricket, Cricket. What is it?
* Main/TypeCaste - And just like everywhere else, Indians have their own type of racism. The one particular aspect of the nation's history people want to forget, but can't.
* Mad Dogs And Englishmen - India's climate

[[WMG: Misrepresentations of India in International Media]]
* SimSimSalabim - What does India looks like? It's full of snake charmers and flying carpets, of course!
* Indian Accents - You are to be teaching me very good English, Masterji!
* BollywoodNerd - All Indians are absolute geniuses!
* OperatorFromIndia - No, wait, all Indians work in Call Centers!
* Kali Is The Goddess Of Death - Apparently, Indians worship death and want to destroy the world.

[[WMG:Indian Food & Cuisine - Contrary to popular belief, it's not all spices and pepper.]]
* South Indian Food - Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and other Southern States
* North Indian Food - Punjab, Kashmir, Rajasthan, etc.
* Other Cuisines Of India - Eastern, Western, and North Eastern India

[[WMG: Law Enforcement, Military and Politics]]
* UsefulNotes/IndiansWithIglas - The Indian Military
* Indian Laws - The Police, The Court System, And other organizations.
** UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw - India's colonial legal heritage. Everything but family/personal law falls under this tradition.
* UsefulNotes/TheIndoPakistanConflict - The general rivalry between India and Pakistan.
** UsefulNotes/TheKashmirQuestion - A major source of tension in the above rivalry.

[[WMG: Transport And Communications]]
* Indian Railways - The Railway department of the government holds the Guinness Book distinction of being the world's largest commercial or utility employer.
* Indian Roads - Ah, the roadways of India. Or, alternately, your worst nightmare.

[[WMG: The People Of India]]
* Unity In Diversity - Hundreds of religions and languages, how do they coexist?
* Indian Accents
* Main/TypeCaste

[[WMG: It Happens Only In India]]
* The Land Of Festivals - India is known as the Land Of Festivals. Read this to find out why.
* Indian Culture Shock - a popular trope used in Indian films, which is now spreading to Hollywood.
[[/index]]

[[AC:India in popular culture]]
* The most ancient erotica guide ''Literature/KamaSutra'' was written in India.
* The fairy tale ''Literature/TheKingWhoWouldBeStrongerThanFate''.
* Creator/RudyardKipling's ''Literature/JungleBook'' and naturally all adaptations of this story, like ''Disney/JungleBook'' take place in India. Kipling's other stories, like ''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'', ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' and ''Literature/JustSoStories'' are also often set in this country.
* ''Literature/APassageToIndia'' by E.M. Forster is a novel about the relationship between Britain and India in the last days of the British Raj.
* ''Literature/TheGreatGame'' by Peter Hopkirk is about the rivarly between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire to gain power in India.
* Creator/LaurelAndHardy: The film ''Bonnie Scotland'' sends Laurel & Hardy to India, where they become part of the British colonial army.
* ''Film/GungaDin'' is an 1939 adventure movie with Creator/CaryGrant set in colonial India.
* ''Film/ElephantBoy'' is a 1937 British adventure movie starring Sabu, who takes care of elephants in India.
* Creator/GeorgeOrwell's debut, ''Burmese Days'', is an autobiographical account about the British colonial police in India, where he was once a member. Orwell wrote down his disgust about the way they treated the local people there.
* ''Film/{{Gandhi}}'' (1982), a {{Biopic}} about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi which won the Oscar for ''Best Picture'' that year.
* The second Franchise/IndianaJones film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Apu Nahasapeemapetilon and his wife Manjula hail from India. In the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E17KissKissBangBangalore'' the Simpsons family visit India.
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'': Tintin visits India halfway ''Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh'' and is still in the country at the start of ''Recap/TintinTheBlueLotus''. He visits the country again briefly in ''Recap/TintinTintinInTibet''.
* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'': Asterix, Obelix and Cacofonix visit India in ''Recap/AsterixAndTheMagicCarpet''.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': In 1960 author Willy Vandersteen travelled to South East Asia. It inspired several stories, including the albums ''De Gouden Cirkel'', ''De Wilde Weldoener'' and ''De Junglebloem'', which are set (sometimes partially) in India.
* ''Series/RippingYarns'': The episode "Roger of the Raj" is set in the time of UsefulNotes/TheRaj.
* Some of the ''Literature/{{Sandokan}}'' books are partially or completely set in India immediately before and during the Raj, with the fourth having the Mutiny of 1857 as its backdrop.
* Music/RaviShankar is the most famous Indian musician in the world. He made traditional sitar music famous in the West.
* Music/TheBeatles were influenced by Indian culture, music and philosophy from 1965 on, when they filmed ''Film/{{Help}}''. On ''Music/RubberSoul'', ''Music/{{Revolver}}'' and ''Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand'' the tracks "Norwegian Wood", "Love You To" and "Within Without You" have Music/GeorgeHarrison play a sitar. Harrison's first solo album ''Music/WonderWallMusic'' is predominantly instrumental Indian music.
* Music/TheKinks :"See My Friends" (1965) and "Fancy", from the 1966 album ''Face to Face'', is one of the first Western rock songs to add Indian themes and instrumentation.
* Music/TheYardbirds: The track "White Summer" on ''Music/LittleGames'' has an Eastern music sound, exemplified by an oboe and an Indian-percussion tabla. During "Glimpses" a sitar plays.
* The Paul Butterfield Blues Band has a 13 minute instrumental titled "East-West" (1966), incorporating Indian influences.
* Music/TheRollingStones: Their song "Paint It, Black", from ''Music/{{Aftermath}}'' (1966) and the song "Gomper" features Music/BrianJones on sitar.
* Music/TheByrds: Their singles "Eight Miles High" and "Why" have Indian influences.
* Music/JohnColtrane: Was very much inspired by Arabian and Indian folk music later in his career and used these sounds in his own work.
* Cornershop: A British indie rock who assimilated Asian instruments such as the sitar and dholki in their music, including the hit song "Brimful of Asha".
* ''Literature/PatherPanchali'' is a renowned classic of world cinema.
* Of course, all BollywoodMovies take place in India and Pakistan.
* The comedy ''Film/MonsoonWedding (2001)'', which won a Golden Lion in Venice, is about romantic entanglements during a traditional Punjabi Hindu wedding.
* Creator/RoaldDahl's ''Literature/TheWonderfulStoryOfHenrySugar'' has several stories. The title story is about a man who learns [[spoiler: who to see without using his eyes]] from a man from India...
* Part of ''Literature/EatPrayLove'' is set in India, where the protagonist meets a guru.
* ''WesternAnimation/SitaSingsTheBlues'' is a 2008 animated film about Hindu mythology.
* ''Animation/TheReturnOfHanuman'' is a 2007 spin-off movie centered around the Hindu god Hanuman.
* ''Animation/RoadsideRomeo'' is a 2008 Bollywood animated feature.
* Creator/SalmanRushdie's ''Literature/MidnightsChildren'' is a book about the history of India.
* The track "New Delhi" from ''Music/TheRiseAndFall'' by Music/{{Madness}} is about a character dreaming he is India.
* Music/NikolaiRimskyKorsakov's "Song Of India" from the opera "Sadko" is a dreamy piece about the mystery of the orient. It has been covered by many big band musicians too.

----
28th Dec '15 2:02:14 AM Dimas28
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!! Bihar
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Patna\\
'''Area:''' 94,163km² / 36,357mi² \\
'''Population:''' 103,804,637 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 15 August 1947 \\

Bordering Nepal to its north, the state of Bihar is one of the founding states of the country and has one of the oldest history in the whole region. It's the location of Magadha, the capital of India's first empire, the Mauryan Empire. It's also the center of the Gupta Empire, considered by many to be where India had its identity completely shaped up as science, philosophy, and commerce flourished. And it's also the region where Buddhism first arose and became one of the most-practiced religion in the whole world ([[NeverAcceptedInHisHometown though not in its homeland itself]]). Sadly, its rich history do not translate to the modern world well, as it's currently one of the poorest state in India, with a lack of infrastructure, lack of urban activities, overpopulation of young people, and no unique identity other than being Indian to speak of (ironic, considering its history).
----



This forested state is located between the large Assam state to its north and Bangladesh to its south. It's one of the three states of India whose population are overwhemingly Christian. English serves as a uniting language to this very multicultural state, which houses the Khasi people (an Austroasiatic people, which means that they're related to the [[UsefulNotes/{{Vietnam}} Vietnamese]]), Garo (Sino-Tibetan, as per other northeastern states), and assortments of Bengali, Nepali, and other minorities. The culture of the Khasi people is notably matriarchal, which contrasts with the highly patriarchal society of regular Indians, and a very unusual one at that: in the state, properties are inherited by the ''[[YoungestChildWins youngest]]'' daughter of the family.

to:

This forested state is located between the large Assam state to its north and Bangladesh to its south. It's one of the three states of India whose population are overwhemingly overwhelmingly Christian. English serves as a uniting language to this very multicultural state, which houses the Khasi people (an Austroasiatic people, which means that they're related to the [[UsefulNotes/{{Vietnam}} Vietnamese]]), Garo (Sino-Tibetan, as per other northeastern states), and assortments of Bengali, Nepali, and other minorities. The culture of the Khasi people is notably matriarchal, which contrasts with the highly patriarchal society of regular Indians, and a very unusual one at that: in the state, properties are inherited by the ''[[YoungestChildWins youngest]]'' daughter of the family.



The state of Mizoram was carved from Assam in 1972, gaining statehood in 1987. It's the southernmost of the northeastern states of India (collectively known as the "Seven Sister States") and borders Bangladesh and Myanmar. It's also one of the three states of India to have a Christian majority; Presbyterians dominate the northern part of the state, while people subscribe to Baptists in the south. The people here, like other northeastern states, are largely tribal and from time time profess the hope of separating themselves from India, though the militant activities are quite low in Mizoram itself compared to its neighbor Manipur. The economy of Mizoram is still largely agricultural, most of them in the form of slash-and-burn practices known as jhum.

to:

The state of Mizoram was carved from Assam in 1972, gaining statehood in 1987. It's the southernmost of the northeastern states of India (collectively known as the "Seven Sister States") and borders Bangladesh and Myanmar. It's also one of the three states of India to have a Christian majority; Presbyterians dominate the northern part of the state, while people subscribe to Baptists in the south. The people here, like other northeastern states, are largely tribal and from time to time profess the hope of separating themselves from India, though the militant activities are quite low in Mizoram itself compared to its neighbor Manipur. The economy of Mizoram is still largely agricultural, most of them in the form of slash-and-burn practices known as jhum.



This mountainous state is located in Northeastern India and borders Myanmar to its east. It's one of the three states of India that has a Christian-majority population. It has been involved in some ethnic violence and separatist movements in the 20th century, though most of them have died down in recent years. Like other northeastern states, the economy and infrastructure is still undeveloped due to its relative remoteness (i.e. mountains).

to:

This mountainous state is located in Northeastern India and borders Myanmar to its east. It's one of the three states of India that has a Christian-majority population. It has been involved in some ethnic violence and separatist movements in the 20th century, though most of them have died down in recent years. Like other northeastern states, the economy and infrastructure is are still undeveloped due to its relative remoteness (i.e. mountains).



The state of Sikkim is the second-smallest state in India and one of the most mountainous state in the country, up there with Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. It borders Nepal to the west, Bhutan to the east, and China (through the Tibetan Automonous Region) to the north. The people here are mainly Nepalis who are Hindu, and the Bhutians, closely related to the Dzongkhas of Bhutan and the Tibetans, and who are mostly Vajrayana Buddhist, yet the state is remembered solely for its Buddhist population, the Nepalis being relatively recent migrants. Due to the SceneryPorn that characterizes the state, it's obviously a major tourist destination; having [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathu_La the only land border with China]] probably helps too. It also has the largest number of official languages among all states in India, as mentioned above (11 languages!).

to:

The state of Sikkim is the second-smallest state in India and one of the most mountainous state in the country, up there with Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. It borders Nepal to the west, Bhutan to the east, and China (through the Tibetan Automonous Autonomous Region) to the north. The people here are mainly Nepalis who are Hindu, and the Bhutians, closely related to the Dzongkhas of Bhutan and the Tibetans, and who are mostly Vajrayana Buddhist, yet the state is remembered solely for its Buddhist population, the Nepalis being relatively recent migrants. Due to the SceneryPorn that characterizes the state, it's obviously a major tourist destination; having [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathu_La the only land border with China]] probably helps too. It also has the largest number of official languages among all states in India, as mentioned above (11 languages!).



The state of Tripura borders Bangladesh to its west and along with it and West Bengal forms the ethnolinguistic region of Bengal, one of the most-populated regions in the world. Bengals thus dominate the state, but there also exists the Tripuri who speak the Sino-Tibetan language of Kokborok, and occasional violence sometime exists between the peoples who demand integration with India and those who favor separation. Being landlocked and having one of the worst infrastructure systems in the whole of India do not contribute positively to the matter.

to:

The state of Tripura borders Bangladesh to its west and along with it and West is the site of those Hindu Bengalis who migrated from the newly-created East Pakistan during the Partition of India in 1947. These migrations resulted in the state having a Bengali majority, even though it's not considered a part of the Bengal forms the ethnolinguistic region of Bengal, one of the most-populated regions in the world. Bengals thus dominate the state, but there also exists the Tripuri ethno-linguistic region, as indigenous people called Tripuri, who speak the Sino-Tibetan language of Kokborok, and have already lived there for centuries. This predictably results in occasional armed violence sometime exists between adding to the peoples who demand integration with India and those who favor separation.already-troubled northeastern region. Being landlocked and having one of the worst infrastructure systems in the whole of India do not contribute positively to the matter.



!Territories

!! Andaman and Nicobar Islands

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Port Blair\\
'''Area:''' 8,073km² / 3,117mi² \\
'''Population:''' 380,500 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A chain of islands located at the eastern boundary of the Bay of Bengal, it's the most isolated island group and territory of India, being closer to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to the north, and spanning all the way to the north of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The islands passed through many aspiring empires, including the Danes and the Austrians before the the settling of the British, who built the capital Port Blair and the infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were the only part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under the Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting the entire British Raj, Myanmar was also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays, the islands also host a small community of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and for the most part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, the Sentinelese, don't even want interference of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.

to:

!Territories

!! Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Uttar Pradesh
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Port Blair\\
Lucknow\\
'''Area:''' 8,073km² 243,286km² / 3,117mi² 93,933mi² \\
'''Population:''' 380,500 199,581,477 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
Hindi
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 15 August 1947 \\

A chain of islands located at Considered as the eastern boundary center of the Bay Hindustani culture, the state of Bengal, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state, and it's not letting down; almost 200 million people and counting, or larger than many other countries combined. It's probably also the most isolated island group famous of the states of India bar Goa and territory West Bengal for having pretty much everything; of India, being closer to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to course you have heard about the north, majestic beauty that is Taj Mahal, and spanning all now you know where it's exactly located: the way to city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh. Being the north center of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The islands passed through Hindustani culture means that many aspiring empires, of its areas are mentioned quite a lot in many epics, be it mythological or religious, including the Danes ''Mahabharata'' and the Austrians before ''Ramayana''. Gautama Buddha concentrated his teachings here: there's the city of Varanasi (also known as Benares) where he first taught Buddhism, and he also died in Kushinagar in the settling northeast of the British, who built state, so expect a flood of Buddhist pilgrims to visit the capital Port Blair and the infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were the only part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under the Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting the entire British Raj, Myanmar was state every so often. It's also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays,
the islands also host a small community center of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and for the most part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, Islamic Mughal empire, which historically made it the Sentinelese, don't even want interference Islamic center of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during India. Plus, it's quite close to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.national capital, Delhi.



!! Chandigarh

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Chandigarh\\
'''Area:''' 114km² / 44mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,054,686 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1966 \\

This union territory is an oddity; it's the only territory that's composed of only one city, the only one to be a recently-planned one (the first one, in fact), and the only one to be the capital of two states (Haryana and Punjab), though it is not part of either. Its existence is due to the Partition of India in 1947; the at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the need for a new capital city. When Punjab was split in 1966 to form the state of Haryana, they decided to keep the capital as Chandigarh as well, so it became a union territory to accommodate both states.

The city has been lauded many times for its achievement in many environmental rankings, including being the only smoke-free, the cleanest, the most structurally-organized, the most transportation-friendly, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking and GDP per capita among all cities in India.

to:

!! Chandigarh

West Bengal
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Chandigarh\\
Kolkata\\
'''Area:''' 114km² 88,752km² / 44mi²\\
34,267mi² \\
'''Population:''' 1,054,686 91,347,736 \\
'''Official languages:''' Bengali and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1966 15 August 1947 \\

This union territory is an oddity; it's One of the only territory that's composed most important states in the country, the state of only West Bengal is one city, half the only one to be a recently-planned one historical Bengal ethnolinguistic region (the first one, in fact), other half is Bangladesh), a lowland region located near the confluence of two of the great rivers of India, the Brahmaputra and the only one to be Ganges, which created a very high fertile delta, supporting a humongous population in already humongous-populated countries packed in a relatively tiny region; if combined with the population of Bangladesh, the whole region contains over ''250 million'' people in an area the size of...the United Kingdom (whose total population is a quarter of that number). Population aside, the region was important historically as it contains the city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), the capital of two states (Haryana the British Raj for many years and Punjab), though it is not part renowned as ''the'' center for Indian culture and education. It was eventually moved to New Delhi when the British grew wary of either. Its existence is due the Indian nationalistic movements, as Bengal was the site where the first movements for Indian independence were held. The British tried to divide the region into Hindu and Muslim camps to hinder their ability to rebel, but they protested and the plan was aborted. Sadly, the region did get divided this way during the Partition of India in 1947; 1947, resulting in some very violent population movements as the at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the need for a new capital city. When Punjab was split in 1966 to form the state of Haryana, they decided to keep the capital as Chandigarh as well, so it Hindus and Muslims became a union territory confused by the sudden rule change (though not to accommodate both states.

the extremity that was Punjab).

The city has been lauded many times state is known for its achievement distinctive Bengali culture ([[BerserkButton do NOT confuse them with those Hindi]], seriously), which the people value over their differing faiths as shown when they viciously rejected the first plan to divide the region in many environmental rankings, including being 1905. The state is predominantly Hindu as the Muslims have mostly settled in Bangladesh (before the partition, it was one of the most multiconfessional region in the Raj), though a 25 million-strong minority can still be found (by the way, it's ''minuscule'' by India's standard).

On a last note, try to steer away from that little jut in the northeastern part of the state. That region is called the Siliguri Corridor,
the only smoke-free, region connecting the cleanest, northeastern states with the most structurally-organized, rest of the most transportation-friendly, country, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking it's full o' brouhaha including: militancy, illegal drug trade, illegal immigrants, not to mention bordering Nepal, Bhutan, and GDP per capita among Bangladesh all cities in India.at once. It's currently not advisable to visit there.



!! Dadra and Nagar Haveli
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Silvassa\\
'''Area:''' 487km² / 118mi²\\
'''Population:''' 342,853 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 August 1961 \\

A small territory located in Western India near the Arabian Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's landlocked), the territory is composed of two distinct areas: the speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave of the state of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman and Diu as well as the state of Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing the annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during the invasion of Goa.
----

!! Delhi
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' New Delhi\\
'''Area:''' 1,484km² / 573mi²\\
'''Population:''' 16,314,838 \\

to:

!Territories

!! Dadra Andaman and Nagar Haveli
Nicobar Islands

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Silvassa\\
Port Blair\\
'''Area:''' 487km² 8,073km² / 118mi²\\
3,117mi² \\
'''Population:''' 342,853 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 August 1961 \\

A small territory located in Western India near the Arabian Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's landlocked), the territory is composed of two distinct areas: the speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave of the state of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman and Diu as well as the state of Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing the annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during the invasion of Goa.
----

!! Delhi
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' New Delhi\\
'''Area:''' 1,484km² / 573mi²\\
'''Population:''' 16,314,838
380,500 \\



->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 February 1922 \\

The National Capital Territory of Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the capital city of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus population makes it the second largest city and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), and the third largest urban area in the world. As the national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every culture of India, though the area is built in the traditionally Hindi belt region and most of the population speaks Hindustani as a first language.

to:

->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 February 1922 November 1956 \\

A chain of islands located at the eastern boundary of the Bay of Bengal, it's the most isolated island group and territory of India, being closer to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to the north, and spanning all the way to the north of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The National Capital Territory islands passed through many aspiring empires, including the Danes and the Austrians before the the settling of Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the British, who built the capital city of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus population makes it the second largest city and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), Port Blair and the third largest urban area in infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were the world. As only part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under the national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every culture of India, though Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting the area is built entire British Raj, Myanmar was also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays,
the traditionally Hindi belt region islands also host a small community of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and for the most of part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, the population speaks Hindustani as Sentinelese, don't even want interference of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a first language.collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.



!! Daman and Diu
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
'''Area:''' 102km² / 39mi²\\
'''Population:''' 242,911 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 1987 \\

The territories of Daman and Diu were originally two of the five Portuguese possessions in the then British-controlled India, alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. The Portuguese continued to administer the territories until the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're still separated from each other by a large bay, and going from one point to another requires a crossing of 600km-long road, or ship.

to:

!! Daman and Diu
Chandigarh

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
Chandigarh\\
'''Area:''' 102km² 114km² / 39mi²\\
44mi²\\
'''Population:''' 242,911 1,054,686 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 1987 1 November 1966 \\

The territories This union territory is an oddity; it's the only territory that's composed of Daman only one city, the only one to be a recently-planned one (the first one, in fact), and Diu were originally the only one to be the capital of two states (Haryana and Punjab), though it is not part of either. Its existence is due to the five Portuguese possessions Partition of India in 1947; the then British-controlled India, at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. The Portuguese continued to administer a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the territories until need for a new capital city. When Punjab was split in 1966 to form the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until state of Haryana, they decided to keep the two countries signed capital as Chandigarh as well, so it became a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're still separated from each other by a large bay, territory to accommodate both states.

The city has been lauded many times for its achievement in many environmental rankings, including being the only smoke-free, the cleanest, the most structurally-organized, the most transportation-friendly,
and going from one point to another requires a crossing of 600km-long road, or ship.[[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking and GDP per capita among all cities in India.



!! Lakshadweep
->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
'''Largest City:''' Andrott\\
'''Area:''' 32km² / 12mi²\\
'''Population:''' 65,473 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role in patrolling the trade lines from India to the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, it's predominantly Malayalam, though the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, is part of the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps them together: the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].

to:

!! Lakshadweep
->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
'''Largest
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
->'''Capital & Largest
City:''' Andrott\\
Silvassa\\
'''Area:''' 32km² 487km² / 12mi²\\
118mi²\\
'''Population:''' 65,473 342,853 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 August 1961 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role small territory located in patrolling the trade lines from Western India to near the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's predominantly Malayalam, though landlocked), the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, territory is part composed of two distinct areas: the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave of the state of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman and Diu as well as the state of Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them together: from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares
twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during the invasion of Goa.



!! Puducherry
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
'''Area:''' 492km² / 190mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

The union territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian culture is predominant, as the territory is located in both Tamil and Malayalam lands.

to:

!! Puducherry
Delhi
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
New Delhi\\
'''Area:''' 492km² 1,484km² / 190mi²\\
573mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 16,314,838 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi and Telugu
English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 February 1922 \\

The union territory National Capital Territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen city of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus population makes it the second largest city and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), and the third largest urban area in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in world. As the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every culture is predominant, as of India, though the territory area is located built in both Tamil the traditionally Hindi belt region and Malayalam lands.most of the population speaks Hindustani as a first language.


Added DiffLines:


!! Daman and Diu
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
'''Area:''' 102km² / 39mi²\\
'''Population:''' 242,911 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 1987 \\

The territories of Daman and Diu were originally two of the five Portuguese possessions in the then British-controlled India, alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. The Portuguese continued to administer the territories until the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're still separated from each other by a large bay, and going from one point to another requires a crossing of 600km-long road, or ship.
----

!! Lakshadweep
->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
'''Largest City:''' Andrott\\
'''Area:''' 32km² / 12mi²\\
'''Population:''' 65,473 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role in patrolling the trade lines from India to the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, it's predominantly Malayalam, though the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, is part of the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps them together: the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].
----

!! Puducherry
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
'''Area:''' 492km² / 190mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

The union territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian culture is predominant, as the territory is located in both Tamil and Malayalam lands.
----
27th Dec '15 3:13:40 PM Dimas28
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The state is largely mountainous, being surrounded by the Himalayas in its northern side. Most of the population speak Sino-Tibetan languages, and a significant minority still subscribe to Buddhism when other parts of the Indian society has largely dropped the religion a long time ago, though Christianity still holds a plurality faith-wise. Actually, the reason for this is because the region was originally a part of UsefulNotes/{{Tibet}}, who ceded the region back when they were still independent in the 1910s. Obviously, China (who now owns Tibet) doesn't like this one bit and continues to claim the region as part of their own. This is the reason for the Sino-Indian War of the 1960s.

to:

The state is largely quite mountainous, being surrounded by the Himalayas in its northern side. Most of the population speak Sino-Tibetan languages, languages (y'know, [[CaptainObvious the family that includes Chinese and Tibetan]]), and a significant minority still subscribe to Buddhism when other parts of the Indian society has have largely dropped the religion a long time ago, though Christianity still holds a plurality faith-wise. Actually, the reason for this is because the region was originally a part of UsefulNotes/{{Tibet}}, who ceded the region in the 1910s, back when they were still independent in the 1910s.independent. Obviously, China (who now owns Tibet) doesn't like this one bit and continues to claim the region as part of their own. This is the reason for the Sino-Indian War of the 1960s.



'''Largest City:'''Guwahati\\

to:

'''Largest City:'''Guwahati\\City:''' Guwahati\\



This state once encompassed the entire northeastern India, but was eventually split to accommodate the non-Indian-speaking populations of the region. It borders Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh to the south. It's famous for its [[SpotOfTea tea]], oil, and the state is in fact the world's largest tea-growing region. Assam, with its tropical rainforest climate, houses one of the world's largest biodiversity zones. It preserves a great deal animal species, many of which are critically endangered.

to:

This state once encompassed the entire northeastern India, but was eventually split to accommodate the non-Indian-speaking populations of the region. It borders Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh to the south. It's famous for its the Brahmaputra valley it stands on, oil, and [[SpotOfTea tea]], oil, and the tea]] (the state is in fact the world's largest tea-growing region.region). Assam, with its tropical rainforest climate, houses one of the world's largest biodiversity zones. It preserves a great deal of animal species, many of which are critically endangered.



'''Official languages:''' Meeteilon

to:

'''Official languages:''' MeeteilonMeithei



Manipur is one of the "Seven Sister States" of Northeastern India that border Myanmar. The people of Manipur are largely tribal and speak Meeteilon, a language that is not part of Indo-Aryan or Dravidian language families as typical with other parts of India, but instead form an independent branch within Sino-Tibetan (y'know, [[CaptainObvious the family that includes Chinese and Tibetan]]). This characteristic is actually shared with several other states of Northeastern India, and it is for this reason that separatist movements sometime arise; Manipur itself is currently under a militant insurgency that has claimed almost two thousand lives since it started in TheSixties. This is not helped by the Partition of India, as this means that the entire area is landlocked, while help from the mainland can only be delivered from the narrow Siliguri Corridor, a highly guarded region bordering three countries at once (Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) with illegal trading and other problems on its own.

to:

Manipur is one of the "Seven Sister States" of Northeastern India that border Myanmar. India. It borders Myanmar to the east. The people of Manipur are largely tribal and speak Meeteilon, Meithei, a language that is not part of Indo-Aryan or Dravidian language families as typical with other parts of India, but instead form forms an independent branch within Sino-Tibetan (y'know, [[CaptainObvious the family that includes Chinese and Tibetan]]). Sino-Tibetan. This characteristic is actually shared with several other states of Northeastern India, and it is for this reason that separatist movements sometime sometimes arise; Manipur itself is currently under a militant insurgency that has claimed almost two thousand lives since it started in TheSixties. This is not helped by the Partition of India, as this means that the entire area is landlocked, while help from the mainland can only be delivered from the narrow Siliguri Corridor, a highly guarded region bordering three countries at once (Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) with illegal trading and other problems on its own.



This forested state is located between the large Assam state to its north and Bangladesh to its south. Its one of the three states of India whose population are overwhemingly Christian. English serves as a uniting language to this very multicultural state, which houses the Khasi people (an Austroasiatic people, which means that they're related to the [[UsefulNotes/{{Vietnam}} Vietnamese]]), Garo (Sino-Tibetan, as per other northeastern states), and assortments of Bengali, Nepali, and other minorities. The culture of the Khasi people is notably matriliarchal, which contrasts with the highly patriarchal society of regular Indians, and a very unusual one at that: in the state, properties are inherited by the ''[[YoungestChildWins youngest]]'' daughter of the family

to:

This forested state is located between the large Assam state to its north and Bangladesh to its south. Its It's one of the three states of India whose population are overwhemingly Christian. English serves as a uniting language to this very multicultural state, which houses the Khasi people (an Austroasiatic people, which means that they're related to the [[UsefulNotes/{{Vietnam}} Vietnamese]]), Garo (Sino-Tibetan, as per other northeastern states), and assortments of Bengali, Nepali, and other minorities. The culture of the Khasi people is notably matriliarchal, matriarchal, which contrasts with the highly patriarchal society of regular Indians, and a very unusual one at that: in the state, properties are inherited by the ''[[YoungestChildWins youngest]]'' daughter of the familyfamily.




This mountainous state is located in Northeastern India and borders Myanmar to its east. It's one of the three states of India that has a Christian-majority population. It has been involved in some ethnic violence and separatist movements in the 20th century, though most of them have died down in recent years. Like other northeastern states, the economy and infrastructure is still undeveloped due to its relative remoteness (i.e. mountains).



This mountainous state is located in Northeastern India and borders Myanmar to its east. It's one of the three states of India that has a Christian-majority population. It has been involved in some ethnic violence and separatist movements in the 20th century, though most of them have died down in recent years. Like other northeastern states, the economy and infrastructure is still undeveloped due to its relative remoteness (i.e. mountains).
----



->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 \\

to:

->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 16 May 1975 \\
27th Dec '15 3:32:54 AM Dimas28
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!Territories

!! Andaman and Nicobar Islands

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Port Blair\\
'''Area:''' 8,073km² / 3,117mi² \\
'''Population:''' 380,500 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A chain of islands located at the eastern boundary of the Bay of Bengal, it's the most isolated island group and territory of India, being closer to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to the north, and spanning all the way to the north of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The islands passed through many aspiring empires, including the Danes and the Austrians before the the settling of the British, who built the capital Port Blair and the infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were the only part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under the Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting the entire British Raj, Myanmar was also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays, the islands also host a small community of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and for the most part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, the Sentinelese, don't even want interference of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.

to:

!Territories

!States

!! Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Arunachal Pradesh
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Port Blair\\
Itanagar\\
'''Area:''' 8,073km² 83,743km² / 3,117mi² 32,333mi² \\
'''Population:''' 380,500 1,382,611 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 20 February 1987 \\

A chain The state of islands located at Arunachal Pradesh is both the eastern boundary northeastern and easternmost state of India.
The state is largely mountainous, being surrounded by the Himalayas in its northern side. Most
of the Bay of Bengal, it's the most isolated island group population speak Sino-Tibetan languages, and territory of India, being closer a significant minority still subscribe to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to the north, and spanning all the way to the north of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The islands passed through many aspiring empires, including the Danes and the Austrians before the the settling Buddhism when other parts of the British, who built Indian society has largely dropped the capital Port Blair and religion a long time ago, though Christianity still holds a plurality faith-wise. Actually, the infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were reason for this is because the only region was originally a part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under UsefulNotes/{{Tibet}}, who ceded the Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting region back when they were still independent in the entire British Raj, Myanmar was also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 1910s. Obviously, China (who now owns Tibet) doesn't like this one bit and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays,
continues to claim the islands also host a small community region as part of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and their own. This is the reason for the most part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, Sino-Indian War of the Sentinelese, don't even want interference of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.1960s.



!! Chandigarh

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Chandigarh\\
'''Area:''' 114km² / 44mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,054,686 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1966 \\

This union territory is an oddity; it's the only territory that's composed of only one city, the only one to be a recently-planned one (the first one, in fact), and the only one to be the capital of two states (Haryana and Punjab), though it is not part of either. Its existence is due to the Partition of India in 1947; the at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the need for a new capital city. When Punjab was split in 1966 to form the state of Haryana, they decided to keep the capital as Chandigarh as well, so it became a union territory to accommodate both states.

The city has been lauded many times for its achievement in many environmental rankings, including being the only smoke-free, the cleanest, the most structurally-organized, the most transportation-friendly, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking and GDP per capita among all cities in India.

to:

!! Chandigarh

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Chandigarh\\
Assam
->'''Capital:''' Dispur\\
'''Largest City:'''Guwahati\\
'''Area:''' 114km² 78,438km² / 44mi²\\
30,285mi² \\
'''Population:''' 1,054,686 31,205,576 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
Assamese
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1966 \\

15 August 1947\\

This union territory is an oddity; it's state once encompassed the only territory that's composed of only one city, the only one to be a recently-planned one (the first one, in fact), and the only one to be the capital of two states (Haryana and Punjab), though it is not part of either. Its existence is due to the Partition of India in 1947; the at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the need for a new capital city. When Punjab entire northeastern India, but was eventually split in 1966 to form the state of Haryana, they decided to keep the capital as Chandigarh as well, so it became a union territory to accommodate both states.

The city has been lauded many times
the non-Indian-speaking populations of the region. It borders Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh to the south. It's famous for its achievement [[SpotOfTea tea]], oil, and the state is in fact the world's largest tea-growing region. Assam, with its tropical rainforest climate, houses one of the world's largest biodiversity zones. It preserves a great deal animal species, many environmental rankings, including being the only smoke-free, the cleanest, the most structurally-organized, the most transportation-friendly, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking and GDP per capita among all cities in India.of which are critically endangered.



!! Dadra and Nagar Haveli
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Silvassa\\
'''Area:''' 487km² / 118mi²\\
'''Population:''' 342,853 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 August 1961 \\

A small territory located in Western India near the Arabian Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's landlocked), the territory is composed of two distinct areas: the speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave of the state of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman and Diu as well as the state of Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing the annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during the invasion of Goa.

to:

!! Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Manipur
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Silvassa\\
Imphal\\
'''Area:''' 487km² 22,327km² / 118mi²\\
8,621mi² \\
'''Population:''' 342,853 2,570,390 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
Meeteilon
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 August 1961 21 January 1972 \\

A small territory located in Western India near the Arabian Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's landlocked), the territory Manipur is composed of two distinct areas: the speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave one of the state "Seven Sister States" of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman Northeastern India that border Myanmar. The people of Manipur are largely tribal and Diu speak Meeteilon, a language that is not part of Indo-Aryan or Dravidian language families as well as typical with other parts of India, but instead form an independent branch within Sino-Tibetan (y'know, [[CaptainObvious the state of Goa, Dadra family that includes Chinese and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them Tibetan]]). This characteristic is actually shared with several other states of Northeastern India, and it is for this reason that separatist movements sometime arise; Manipur itself is currently under a militant insurgency that has claimed almost two thousand lives since it started in TheSixties. This is not helped by the Partition of India, as this means that the entire area is landlocked, while help from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until mainland can only be delivered from the two narrow Siliguri Corridor, a highly guarded region bordering three countries signed at once (Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) with illegal trading and other problems on its own.

On
a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing positive note, the annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during people of Manipur help popularize polo (though the invasion of Goa.sport is actually native to Iran).



!! Delhi
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' New Delhi\\
'''Area:''' 1,484km² / 573mi²\\
'''Population:''' 16,314,838 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 February 1922 \\

The National Capital Territory of Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the capital city of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus population makes it the second largest city and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), and the third largest urban area in the world. As the national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every culture of India, though the area is built in the traditionally Hindi belt region and most of the population speaks Hindustani as a first language.

to:

!! Delhi
Meghalaya
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' New Delhi\\
Shillong\\
'''Area:''' 1,484km² 22,429km² / 573mi²\\
8,660mi² \\
'''Population:''' 16,314,838 2,964,007 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 February 1922 21 January 1972 \\

The National Capital Territory of Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin This forested state is located between the capital city large Assam state to its north and Bangladesh to its south. Its one of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus the three states of India whose population makes it are overwhemingly Christian. English serves as a uniting language to this very multicultural state, which houses the second largest city Khasi people (an Austroasiatic people, which means that they're related to the [[UsefulNotes/{{Vietnam}} Vietnamese]]), Garo (Sino-Tibetan, as per other northeastern states), and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), assortments of Bengali, Nepali, and the third largest urban area in the world. As the national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every other minorities. The culture of India, though the area Khasi people is built notably matriliarchal, which contrasts with the highly patriarchal society of regular Indians, and a very unusual one at that: in the traditionally Hindi belt region and most state, properties are inherited by the ''[[YoungestChildWins youngest]]'' daughter of the population speaks Hindustani as a first language.family



!! Daman and Diu
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
'''Area:''' 102km² / 39mi²\\
'''Population:''' 242,911 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 1987 \\

The territories of Daman and Diu were originally two of the five Portuguese possessions in the then British-controlled India, alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. The Portuguese continued to administer the territories until the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're still separated from each other by a large bay, and going from one point to another requires a crossing of 600km-long road, or ship.

to:

!! Daman and Diu
Mizoram

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
Aizawl\\
'''Area:''' 102km² 21,087km² / 39mi²\\
8,142mi² \\
'''Population:''' 242,911 1,091,014 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
Mizo
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 20 February 1987 \\

The territories state of Daman and Diu were originally two Mizoram was carved from Assam in 1972, gaining statehood in 1987. It's the southernmost of the five Portuguese possessions northeastern states of India (collectively known as the "Seven Sister States") and borders Bangladesh and Myanmar. It's also one of the three states of India to have a Christian majority; Presbyterians dominate the northern part of the state, while people subscribe to Baptists in the then British-controlled south. The people here, like other northeastern states, are largely tribal and from time time profess the hope of separating themselves from India, alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. though the militant activities are quite low in Mizoram itself compared to its neighbor Manipur. The Portuguese continued to administer the territories until the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're economy of Mizoram is still separated from each other by a large bay, and going from one point to another requires a crossing largely agricultural, most of 600km-long road, or ship.them in the form of slash-and-burn practices known as jhum.



!! Lakshadweep
->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
'''Largest City:''' Andrott\\
'''Area:''' 32km² / 12mi²\\
'''Population:''' 65,473 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role in patrolling the trade lines from India to the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, it's predominantly Malayalam, though the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, is part of the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps them together: the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].

to:

!! Lakshadweep
Nagaland

->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
Kohima\\
'''Largest City:''' Andrott\\
Dimapur\\
'''Area:''' 32km² 16,579km² / 12mi²\\
6,401mi² \\
'''Population:''' 65,473 1,980,602 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role in patrolling the trade lines from India to the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, it's predominantly Malayalam, though the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, is part of the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps them together: the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].
December 1963 \\



!! Puducherry
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
'''Area:''' 492km² / 190mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

The union territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian culture is predominant, as the territory is located in both Tamil and Malayalam lands.

to:

!! Puducherry
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
'''Area:''' 492km² / 190mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

The union territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian culture is predominant, as the territory
This mountainous state is located in both Tamil Northeastern India and Malayalam lands.borders Myanmar to its east. It's one of the three states of India that has a Christian-majority population. It has been involved in some ethnic violence and separatist movements in the 20th century, though most of them have died down in recent years. Like other northeastern states, the economy and infrastructure is still undeveloped due to its relative remoteness (i.e. mountains).



[[/folder]]

[[WMG:Indian Culture]]
* Myth/HinduMythology - The truth about it, not the unresearched crap you see in movies.
* UsefulNotes/IndianLanguages - 22 officially recognized languages, 250+ minor languages, 4000+ variations and dialects...
* UsefulNotes/{{Bollywood}} - The Hindi Film Industry, nicknamed after its U.S counterpart.
* Main/TheOtherwoods - Because not all Indian movies are Bollywood.
* Main/FilmiMusic - Ever wonder why Indian movies have so many songs and musical numbers?
* Main/CricketRules - Cricket, Cricket, Cricket. What is it?
* Main/TypeCaste - And just like everywhere else, Indians have their own type of racism. The one particular aspect of the nation's history people want to forget, but can't.
* Mad Dogs And Englishmen - India's climate

[[WMG: Misrepresentations of India in International Media]]
* SimSimSalabim - What does India looks like? It's full of snake charmers and flying carpets, of course!
* Indian Accents - You are to be teaching me very good English, Masterji!
* BollywoodNerd - All Indians are absolute geniuses!
* OperatorFromIndia - No, wait, all Indians work in Call Centers!
* Kali Is The Goddess Of Death - Apparently, Indians worship death and want to destroy the world.

[[WMG:Indian Food & Cuisine - Contrary to popular belief, it's not all spices and pepper.]]
* South Indian Food - Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and other Southern States
* North Indian Food - Punjab, Kashmir, Rajasthan, etc.
* Other Cuisines Of India - Eastern, Western, and North Eastern India

[[WMG: Law Enforcement, Military and Politics]]
* UsefulNotes/IndiansWithIglas - The Indian Military
* Indian Laws - The Police, The Court System, And other organizations.
** UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw - India's colonial legal heritage. Everything but family/personal law falls under this tradition.
* UsefulNotes/TheIndoPakistanConflict - The general rivalry between India and Pakistan.
** UsefulNotes/TheKashmirQuestion - A major source of tension in the above rivalry.

[[WMG: Transport And Communications]]
* Indian Railways - The Railway department of the government holds the Guinness Book distinction of being the world's largest commercial or utility employer.
* Indian Roads - Ah, the roadways of India. Or, alternately, your worst nightmare.

[[WMG: The People Of India]]
* Unity In Diversity - Hundreds of religions and languages, how do they coexist?
* Indian Accents
* Main/TypeCaste

[[WMG: It Happens Only In India]]
* The Land Of Festivals - India is known as the Land Of Festivals. Read this to find out why.
* Indian Culture Shock - a popular trope used in Indian films, which is now spreading to Hollywood.
[[/index]]

[[AC:India in popular culture]]
* The most ancient erotica guide ''Literature/KamaSutra'' was written in India.
* The fairy tale ''Literature/TheKingWhoWouldBeStrongerThanFate''.
* Creator/RudyardKipling's ''Literature/JungleBook'' and naturally all adaptations of this story, like ''Disney/JungleBook'' take place in India. Kipling's other stories, like ''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'', ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' and ''Literature/JustSoStories'' are also often set in this country.
* ''Literature/APassageToIndia'' by E.M. Forster is a novel about the relationship between Britain and India in the last days of the British Raj.
* ''Literature/TheGreatGame'' by Peter Hopkirk is about the rivarly between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire to gain power in India.
* Creator/LaurelAndHardy: The film ''Bonnie Scotland'' sends Laurel & Hardy to India, where they become part of the British colonial army.
* ''Film/GungaDin'' is an 1939 adventure movie with Creator/CaryGrant set in colonial India.
* ''Film/ElephantBoy'' is a 1937 British adventure movie starring Sabu, who takes care of elephants in India.
* Creator/GeorgeOrwell's debut, ''Burmese Days'', is an autobiographical account about the British colonial police in India, where he was once a member. Orwell wrote down his disgust about the way they treated the local people there.
* ''Film/{{Gandhi}}'' (1982), a {{Biopic}} about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi which won the Oscar for ''Best Picture'' that year.
* The second Franchise/IndianaJones film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Apu Nahasapeemapetilon and his wife Manjula hail from India. In the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E17KissKissBangBangalore'' the Simpsons family visit India.
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'': Tintin visits India halfway ''Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh'' and is still in the country at the start of ''Recap/TintinTheBlueLotus''. He visits the country again briefly in ''Recap/TintinTintinInTibet''.
* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'': Asterix, Obelix and Cacofonix visit India in ''Recap/AsterixAndTheMagicCarpet''.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': In 1960 author Willy Vandersteen travelled to South East Asia. It inspired several stories, including the albums ''De Gouden Cirkel'', ''De Wilde Weldoener'' and ''De Junglebloem'', which are set (sometimes partially) in India.
* ''Series/RippingYarns'': The episode "Roger of the Raj" is set in the time of UsefulNotes/TheRaj.
* Some of the ''Literature/{{Sandokan}}'' books are partially or completely set in India immediately before and during the Raj, with the fourth having the Mutiny of 1857 as its backdrop.
* Music/RaviShankar is the most famous Indian musician in the world. He made traditional sitar music famous in the West.
* Music/TheBeatles were influenced by Indian culture, music and philosophy from 1965 on, when they filmed ''Film/{{Help}}''. On ''Music/RubberSoul'', ''Music/{{Revolver}}'' and ''Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand'' the tracks "Norwegian Wood", "Love You To" and "Within Without You" have Music/GeorgeHarrison play a sitar. Harrison's first solo album ''Music/WonderWallMusic'' is predominantly instrumental Indian music.
* Music/TheKinks :"See My Friends" (1965) and "Fancy", from the 1966 album ''Face to Face'', is one of the first Western rock songs to add Indian themes and instrumentation.
* Music/TheYardbirds: The track "White Summer" on ''Music/LittleGames'' has an Eastern music sound, exemplified by an oboe and an Indian-percussion tabla. During "Glimpses" a sitar plays.
* The Paul Butterfield Blues Band has a 13 minute instrumental titled "East-West" (1966), incorporating Indian influences.
* Music/TheRollingStones: Their song "Paint It, Black", from ''Music/{{Aftermath}}'' (1966) and the song "Gomper" features Music/BrianJones on sitar.
* Music/TheByrds: Their singles "Eight Miles High" and "Why" have Indian influences.
* Music/JohnColtrane: Was very much inspired by Arabian and Indian folk music later in his career and used these sounds in his own work.
* Cornershop: A British indie rock who assimilated Asian instruments such as the sitar and dholki in their music, including the hit song "Brimful of Asha".
* ''Literature/PatherPanchali'' is a renowned classic of world cinema.
* Of course, all BollywoodMovies take place in India and Pakistan.
* The comedy ''Film/MonsoonWedding (2001)'', which won a Golden Lion in Venice, is about romantic entanglements during a traditional Punjabi Hindu wedding.
* Creator/RoaldDahl's ''Literature/TheWonderfulStoryOfHenrySugar'' has several stories. The title story is about a man who learns [[spoiler: who to see without using his eyes]] from a man from India...
* Part of ''Literature/EatPrayLove'' is set in India, where the protagonist meets a guru.
* ''WesternAnimation/SitaSingsTheBlues'' is a 2008 animated film about Hindu mythology.
* ''Animation/TheReturnOfHanuman'' is a 2007 spin-off movie centered around the Hindu god Hanuman.
* ''Animation/RoadsideRomeo'' is a 2008 Bollywood animated feature.
* Creator/SalmanRushdie's ''Literature/MidnightsChildren'' is a book about the history of India.
* The track "New Delhi" from ''Music/TheRiseAndFall'' by Music/{{Madness}} is about a character dreaming he is India.
* Music/NikolaiRimskyKorsakov's "Song Of India" from the opera "Sadko" is a dreamy piece about the mystery of the orient. It has been covered by many big band musicians too.

to:

[[/folder]]

[[WMG:Indian Culture]]
* Myth/HinduMythology - The truth about it, not the unresearched crap you see in movies.
* UsefulNotes/IndianLanguages - 22 officially recognized languages, 250+ minor languages, 4000+ variations and dialects...
* UsefulNotes/{{Bollywood}} - The Hindi Film Industry, nicknamed after its U.S counterpart.
* Main/TheOtherwoods - Because not all Indian movies are Bollywood.
* Main/FilmiMusic - Ever wonder why Indian movies have so many songs and musical numbers?
* Main/CricketRules - Cricket, Cricket, Cricket. What is it?
* Main/TypeCaste - And just like everywhere else, Indians have their own type of racism. The one particular aspect of the nation's history people want to forget, but can't.
* Mad Dogs And Englishmen - India's climate

[[WMG: Misrepresentations of India in International Media]]
* SimSimSalabim - What does India looks like? It's full of snake charmers and flying carpets, of course!
* Indian Accents - You are to be teaching me very good

!! Sikkim
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Gangtok\\
'''Area:''' 7,096km² / 2,740mi² \\
'''Population:''' 607,688 \\
'''Official languages:''' Nepali,
English, Masterji!
* BollywoodNerd - All Indians are absolute geniuses!
* OperatorFromIndia - No, wait, all Indians work in Call Centers!
* Kali Is
Sikkimese, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Tamang, and Sunwar (!)
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 \\

The Goddess Of Death - Apparently, Indians worship death and want to destroy state of Sikkim is the world.

[[WMG:Indian Food & Cuisine - Contrary to popular belief, it's not all spices and pepper.]]
* South Indian Food - Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and other Southern States
* North Indian Food - Punjab, Kashmir, Rajasthan, etc.
* Other Cuisines Of India - Eastern, Western, and North Eastern India

[[WMG: Law Enforcement, Military and Politics]]
* UsefulNotes/IndiansWithIglas - The Indian Military
* Indian Laws - The Police, The Court System, And other organizations.
** UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw - India's colonial legal heritage. Everything but family/personal law falls under this tradition.
* UsefulNotes/TheIndoPakistanConflict - The general rivalry between India and Pakistan.
** UsefulNotes/TheKashmirQuestion - A major source of tension in the above rivalry.

[[WMG: Transport And Communications]]
* Indian Railways - The Railway department of the government holds the Guinness Book distinction of being the world's largest commercial or utility employer.
* Indian Roads - Ah, the roadways of India. Or, alternately, your worst nightmare.

[[WMG: The People Of India]]
* Unity In Diversity - Hundreds of religions and languages, how do they coexist?
* Indian Accents
* Main/TypeCaste

[[WMG: It Happens Only In India]]
* The Land Of Festivals - India is known as the Land Of Festivals. Read this to find out why.
* Indian Culture Shock - a popular trope used in Indian films, which is now spreading to Hollywood.
[[/index]]

[[AC:India in popular culture]]
* The most ancient erotica guide ''Literature/KamaSutra'' was written in India.
* The fairy tale ''Literature/TheKingWhoWouldBeStrongerThanFate''.
* Creator/RudyardKipling's ''Literature/JungleBook'' and naturally all adaptations of this story, like ''Disney/JungleBook'' take place in India. Kipling's other stories, like ''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'', ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' and ''Literature/JustSoStories'' are also often set in this country.
* ''Literature/APassageToIndia'' by E.M. Forster is a novel about the relationship between Britain and India in the last days of the British Raj.
* ''Literature/TheGreatGame'' by Peter Hopkirk is about the rivarly between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire to gain power in India.
* Creator/LaurelAndHardy: The film ''Bonnie Scotland'' sends Laurel & Hardy to India, where they become part of the British colonial army.
* ''Film/GungaDin'' is an 1939 adventure movie with Creator/CaryGrant set in colonial India.
* ''Film/ElephantBoy'' is a 1937 British adventure movie starring Sabu, who takes care of elephants in India.
* Creator/GeorgeOrwell's debut, ''Burmese Days'', is an autobiographical account about the British colonial police in India, where he was once a member. Orwell wrote down his disgust about the way they treated the local people there.
* ''Film/{{Gandhi}}'' (1982), a {{Biopic}} about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi which won the Oscar for ''Best Picture'' that year.
* The second Franchise/IndianaJones film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land
second-smallest state in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Apu Nahasapeemapetilon and his wife Manjula hail from India. In the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E17KissKissBangBangalore'' the Simpsons family visit India.
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'': Tintin visits India halfway ''Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh'' and is still in the country at the start of ''Recap/TintinTheBlueLotus''. He visits the country again briefly in ''Recap/TintinTintinInTibet''.
* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'': Asterix, Obelix and Cacofonix visit India in ''Recap/AsterixAndTheMagicCarpet''.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': In 1960 author Willy Vandersteen travelled to South East Asia. It inspired several stories, including the albums ''De Gouden Cirkel'', ''De Wilde Weldoener'' and ''De Junglebloem'', which are set (sometimes partially) in India.
* ''Series/RippingYarns'': The episode "Roger of the Raj" is set in the time of UsefulNotes/TheRaj.
* Some of the ''Literature/{{Sandokan}}'' books are partially or completely set in India immediately before and during the Raj, with the fourth having the Mutiny of 1857 as its backdrop.
* Music/RaviShankar is the most famous Indian musician in the world. He made traditional sitar music famous in the West.
* Music/TheBeatles were influenced by Indian culture, music and philosophy from 1965 on, when they filmed ''Film/{{Help}}''. On ''Music/RubberSoul'', ''Music/{{Revolver}}'' and ''Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand'' the tracks "Norwegian Wood", "Love You To" and "Within Without You" have Music/GeorgeHarrison play a sitar. Harrison's first solo album ''Music/WonderWallMusic'' is predominantly instrumental Indian music.
* Music/TheKinks :"See My Friends" (1965) and "Fancy", from the 1966 album ''Face to Face'', is
one of the first Western rock songs to add Indian themes most mountainous state in the country, up there with Himachal Pradesh and instrumentation.
* Music/TheYardbirds:
Jammu and Kashmir. It borders Nepal to the west, Bhutan to the east, and China (through the Tibetan Automonous Region) to the north. The track "White Summer" on ''Music/LittleGames'' has an Eastern music sound, exemplified by an oboe and an Indian-percussion tabla. During "Glimpses" a sitar plays.
* The Paul Butterfield Blues Band has a 13 minute instrumental titled "East-West" (1966), incorporating Indian influences.
* Music/TheRollingStones: Their song "Paint It, Black", from ''Music/{{Aftermath}}'' (1966)
people here are mainly Nepalis who are Hindu, and the song "Gomper" features Music/BrianJones on sitar.
* Music/TheByrds: Their singles "Eight Miles High"
Bhutians, closely related to the Dzongkhas of Bhutan and "Why" have Indian influences.
* Music/JohnColtrane: Was very much inspired by Arabian
the Tibetans, and Indian folk music later in his career and used these sounds in his own work.
* Cornershop: A British indie rock
who assimilated Asian instruments such as are mostly Vajrayana Buddhist, yet the sitar and dholki in their music, including state is remembered solely for its Buddhist population, the hit song "Brimful Nepalis being relatively recent migrants. Due to the SceneryPorn that characterizes the state, it's obviously a major tourist destination; having [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathu_La the only land border with China]] probably helps too. It also has the largest number of Asha".
* ''Literature/PatherPanchali'' is a renowned classic of world cinema.
* Of course,
official languages among all BollywoodMovies take place in India and Pakistan.
* The comedy ''Film/MonsoonWedding (2001)'', which won a Golden Lion in Venice, is about romantic entanglements during a traditional Punjabi Hindu wedding.
* Creator/RoaldDahl's ''Literature/TheWonderfulStoryOfHenrySugar'' has several stories. The title story is about a man who learns [[spoiler: who to see without using his eyes]] from a man from India...
* Part of ''Literature/EatPrayLove'' is set
states in India, where the protagonist meets a guru.
* ''WesternAnimation/SitaSingsTheBlues'' is a 2008 animated film about Hindu mythology.
* ''Animation/TheReturnOfHanuman'' is a 2007 spin-off movie centered around the Hindu god Hanuman.
* ''Animation/RoadsideRomeo'' is a 2008 Bollywood animated feature.
* Creator/SalmanRushdie's ''Literature/MidnightsChildren'' is a book about the history of India.
* The track "New Delhi" from ''Music/TheRiseAndFall'' by Music/{{Madness}} is about a character dreaming he is India.
* Music/NikolaiRimskyKorsakov's "Song Of India" from the opera "Sadko" is a dreamy piece about the mystery of the orient. It has been covered by many big band musicians too.
as mentioned above (11 languages!).


Added DiffLines:


!! Tripura
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Agartala\\
'''Area:''' 10,491.69km² / 4,050.86mi² \\
'''Population:''' 3,671,032 \\
'''Official languages:''' Bengali and Kokborok
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 21 January 1972 \\

The state of Tripura borders Bangladesh to its west and along with it and West Bengal forms the ethnolinguistic region of Bengal, one of the most-populated regions in the world. Bengals thus dominate the state, but there also exists the Tripuri who speak the Sino-Tibetan language of Kokborok, and occasional violence sometime exists between the peoples who demand integration with India and those who favor separation. Being landlocked and having one of the worst infrastructure systems in the whole of India do not contribute positively to the matter.

And yes, the name of state corresponds exactly to the Greek word [[UsefulNotes/{{Greece}} "Tri]][[UsefulNotes/{{Libya}} po]][[UsefulNotes/{{Lebanon}} li"]] (both mean "Three Cities").
----

!Territories

!! Andaman and Nicobar Islands

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Port Blair\\
'''Area:''' 8,073km² / 3,117mi² \\
'''Population:''' 380,500 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A chain of islands located at the eastern boundary of the Bay of Bengal, it's the most isolated island group and territory of India, being closer to [[UsefulNotes/{{ThatSouthEastAsianCountry}} Myanmar]], which is located to the north, and spanning all the way to the north of Sumatra in UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}}. As the name suggests, the territory is composed of two distinct island groups: the more populous southerly Andaman, and the less populous and isolated Nicobar. The islands passed through many aspiring empires, including the Danes and the Austrians before the the settling of the British, who built the capital Port Blair and the infamous Cellular Jail to house criminal and political prisoners alike. The islands were the only part of modern-day India to be occupied by ImperialJapan under the Azad Hind provisional government during WorldWarII (counting the entire British Raj, Myanmar was also conquered) from 1943 to 1945. The islands joined India in 1950 and became a territory in 1956.

While Indian peoples predominate nowadays, the islands also host a small community of indigenous peoples who speak language isolates and for the most part exhibit negroid and pygmy (short stature) traits. One group from this community, the Sentinelese, don't even want interference of outsiders and thus their customs, culture, and language, are therefore not understood (they're called "uncontacted peoples" academically). These native peoples have a collective SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; the islands were significantly affected, but the natives were not thanks to them having retreated inland, the legends about such catastrophe apparently being ingrained to them.
----

!! Chandigarh

->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Chandigarh\\
'''Area:''' 114km² / 44mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,054,686 \\
'''Official languages:''' English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1966 \\

This union territory is an oddity; it's the only territory that's composed of only one city, the only one to be a recently-planned one (the first one, in fact), and the only one to be the capital of two states (Haryana and Punjab), though it is not part of either. Its existence is due to the Partition of India in 1947; the at the time undivided region of Punjab's traditional capital is Lahore, which went to Pakistan alongside a major chunk of Punjab itself, thus necessitating the need for a new capital city. When Punjab was split in 1966 to form the state of Haryana, they decided to keep the capital as Chandigarh as well, so it became a union territory to accommodate both states.

The city has been lauded many times for its achievement in many environmental rankings, including being the only smoke-free, the cleanest, the most structurally-organized, the most transportation-friendly, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the happiest]] city in India. It also has the highest HDI ranking and GDP per capita among all cities in India.
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!! Dadra and Nagar Haveli
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Silvassa\\
'''Area:''' 487km² / 118mi²\\
'''Population:''' 342,853 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 August 1961 \\

A small territory located in Western India near the Arabian Sea coast (though it doesn't reach it, so it's landlocked), the territory is composed of two distinct areas: the speech bubble-shaped enclave Dadra, and the much larger Nagar Haveli located to its southeast, inside of which exists a small enclave of the state of Gujarat. Like its twin Daman and Diu as well as the state of Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli were originally Portuguese possessions, who administered them from Daman due to them being landlocked. Unlike those three, though, Portugal lost control of the twin colonies much earlier in 1954, which was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974 recognizing the annexations. The two former colonies were united as a single administrative unit in 1961, during the invasion of Goa.
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!! Delhi
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' New Delhi\\
'''Area:''' 1,484km² / 573mi²\\
'''Population:''' 16,314,838 \\
'''Official languages:''' Hindi and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 February 1922 \\

The National Capital Territory of Delhi contains [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the capital city of India]], New Delhi. It's 16 million plus population makes it the second largest city and urban agglomeration in India (after Mumbai), and the third largest urban area in the world. As the national capital territory, it contains a mix of pretty much every culture of India, though the area is built in the traditionally Hindi belt region and most of the population speaks Hindustani as a first language.
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!! Daman and Diu
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Daman\\
'''Area:''' 102km² / 39mi²\\
'''Population:''' 242,911 \\
'''Official languages:''' Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 30 May 1987 \\

The territories of Daman and Diu were originally two of the five Portuguese possessions in the then British-controlled India, alongside Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Goa. The Portuguese continued to administer the territories until the invasion in 1961, after which India took administrative control that was not recognized until the two countries signed a peace treaty in 1974. Daman and Diu continued to be controlled with Goa until the latter received statehood, after which the two were merged into a single union territory. Geographically, though, they're still separated from each other by a large bay, and going from one point to another requires a crossing of 600km-long road, or ship.
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!! Lakshadweep
->'''Capital:''' Kavaratti\\
'''Largest City:''' Andrott\\
'''Area:''' 32km² / 12mi²\\
'''Population:''' 65,473 \\
'''Official languages:''' Malayalam, English
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

A group of dozen atolls lying to the southwest of the southern end of the Indian subcontinent (just off the Malabar Coast), the atolls are part of the Indian Ocean atolls that span from Lakshadweep down to UsefulNotes/{{Maldives}} and ending to the British Indian Ocean Territory. It plays a major role in patrolling the trade lines from India to the Arabian Peninsula. It's one of the most developed region of India and inequality is quite uncommon. Culturally and linguistically, it's predominantly Malayalam, though the southernmost atoll, Minicoy, is part of the Maldivian cultural sphere and was once a contentious issue between India and Maldives, since the majority of the population speak Divehi (the Indo-European language of the Maldivians, in contrast to the Dravidian Malayalam) and movements of population for marriage weren't uncommon before India's independence, after which all these practices were forbidden. Nevertheless, both the Malayalam and the Maldivians at least have one thing in common that keeps them together: the Islamic faith.

[[TearJerker Sadly]], Lakshadweep also shares the same environmental problem with Maldives. Since sea levels are expected to rise rapidly throughout the next century, by 2100, [[DownerEnding there may not be any Lakshadweep anymore]].
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!! Puducherry
->'''Capital & Largest City:''' Pondicherry\\
'''Area:''' 492km² / 190mi²\\
'''Population:''' 1,244,464 \\
'''Official languages:''' Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu
->'''Date of Establishment:''' 1 November 1956 \\

The union territory of Puducherry is composed of the former colonies of French India, spanning disjointed (and ''very much'' [[http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/pondicherry/pondicherry_road.gif weird-shaped]]) areas in the east and west coast of the Indian Peninsula, including Mahé, Karaikal, Yanam, and the capital Pondicherry. Its influences can still be seen in the grid pattern typical of French cities as well as in architecture, though French is no longer supported as an official language in the territory. Otherwise, Dravidian culture is predominant, as the territory is located in both Tamil and Malayalam lands.
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[[/folder]]

[[WMG:Indian Culture]]
* Myth/HinduMythology - The truth about it, not the unresearched crap you see in movies.
* UsefulNotes/IndianLanguages - 22 officially recognized languages, 250+ minor languages, 4000+ variations and dialects...
* UsefulNotes/{{Bollywood}} - The Hindi Film Industry, nicknamed after its U.S counterpart.
* Main/TheOtherwoods - Because not all Indian movies are Bollywood.
* Main/FilmiMusic - Ever wonder why Indian movies have so many songs and musical numbers?
* Main/CricketRules - Cricket, Cricket, Cricket. What is it?
* Main/TypeCaste - And just like everywhere else, Indians have their own type of racism. The one particular aspect of the nation's history people want to forget, but can't.
* Mad Dogs And Englishmen - India's climate

[[WMG: Misrepresentations of India in International Media]]
* SimSimSalabim - What does India looks like? It's full of snake charmers and flying carpets, of course!
* Indian Accents - You are to be teaching me very good English, Masterji!
* BollywoodNerd - All Indians are absolute geniuses!
* OperatorFromIndia - No, wait, all Indians work in Call Centers!
* Kali Is The Goddess Of Death - Apparently, Indians worship death and want to destroy the world.

[[WMG:Indian Food & Cuisine - Contrary to popular belief, it's not all spices and pepper.]]
* South Indian Food - Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and other Southern States
* North Indian Food - Punjab, Kashmir, Rajasthan, etc.
* Other Cuisines Of India - Eastern, Western, and North Eastern India

[[WMG: Law Enforcement, Military and Politics]]
* UsefulNotes/IndiansWithIglas - The Indian Military
* Indian Laws - The Police, The Court System, And other organizations.
** UsefulNotes/TheCommonLaw - India's colonial legal heritage. Everything but family/personal law falls under this tradition.
* UsefulNotes/TheIndoPakistanConflict - The general rivalry between India and Pakistan.
** UsefulNotes/TheKashmirQuestion - A major source of tension in the above rivalry.

[[WMG: Transport And Communications]]
* Indian Railways - The Railway department of the government holds the Guinness Book distinction of being the world's largest commercial or utility employer.
* Indian Roads - Ah, the roadways of India. Or, alternately, your worst nightmare.

[[WMG: The People Of India]]
* Unity In Diversity - Hundreds of religions and languages, how do they coexist?
* Indian Accents
* Main/TypeCaste

[[WMG: It Happens Only In India]]
* The Land Of Festivals - India is known as the Land Of Festivals. Read this to find out why.
* Indian Culture Shock - a popular trope used in Indian films, which is now spreading to Hollywood.
[[/index]]

[[AC:India in popular culture]]
* The most ancient erotica guide ''Literature/KamaSutra'' was written in India.
* The fairy tale ''Literature/TheKingWhoWouldBeStrongerThanFate''.
* Creator/RudyardKipling's ''Literature/JungleBook'' and naturally all adaptations of this story, like ''Disney/JungleBook'' take place in India. Kipling's other stories, like ''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'', ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' and ''Literature/JustSoStories'' are also often set in this country.
* ''Literature/APassageToIndia'' by E.M. Forster is a novel about the relationship between Britain and India in the last days of the British Raj.
* ''Literature/TheGreatGame'' by Peter Hopkirk is about the rivarly between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire to gain power in India.
* Creator/LaurelAndHardy: The film ''Bonnie Scotland'' sends Laurel & Hardy to India, where they become part of the British colonial army.
* ''Film/GungaDin'' is an 1939 adventure movie with Creator/CaryGrant set in colonial India.
* ''Film/ElephantBoy'' is a 1937 British adventure movie starring Sabu, who takes care of elephants in India.
* Creator/GeorgeOrwell's debut, ''Burmese Days'', is an autobiographical account about the British colonial police in India, where he was once a member. Orwell wrote down his disgust about the way they treated the local people there.
* ''Film/{{Gandhi}}'' (1982), a {{Biopic}} about UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi which won the Oscar for ''Best Picture'' that year.
* The second Franchise/IndianaJones film ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984) has Indiana and his companions crash land in India and get involved in freeing the local population from a local evil cult.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Apu Nahasapeemapetilon and his wife Manjula hail from India. In the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E17KissKissBangBangalore'' the Simpsons family visit India.
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'': Tintin visits India halfway ''Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh'' and is still in the country at the start of ''Recap/TintinTheBlueLotus''. He visits the country again briefly in ''Recap/TintinTintinInTibet''.
* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'': Asterix, Obelix and Cacofonix visit India in ''Recap/AsterixAndTheMagicCarpet''.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': In 1960 author Willy Vandersteen travelled to South East Asia. It inspired several stories, including the albums ''De Gouden Cirkel'', ''De Wilde Weldoener'' and ''De Junglebloem'', which are set (sometimes partially) in India.
* ''Series/RippingYarns'': The episode "Roger of the Raj" is set in the time of UsefulNotes/TheRaj.
* Some of the ''Literature/{{Sandokan}}'' books are partially or completely set in India immediately before and during the Raj, with the fourth having the Mutiny of 1857 as its backdrop.
* Music/RaviShankar is the most famous Indian musician in the world. He made traditional sitar music famous in the West.
* Music/TheBeatles were influenced by Indian culture, music and philosophy from 1965 on, when they filmed ''Film/{{Help}}''. On ''Music/RubberSoul'', ''Music/{{Revolver}}'' and ''Music/SgtPeppersLonelyHeartsClubBand'' the tracks "Norwegian Wood", "Love You To" and "Within Without You" have Music/GeorgeHarrison play a sitar. Harrison's first solo album ''Music/WonderWallMusic'' is predominantly instrumental Indian music.
* Music/TheKinks :"See My Friends" (1965) and "Fancy", from the 1966 album ''Face to Face'', is one of the first Western rock songs to add Indian themes and instrumentation.
* Music/TheYardbirds: The track "White Summer" on ''Music/LittleGames'' has an Eastern music sound, exemplified by an oboe and an Indian-percussion tabla. During "Glimpses" a sitar plays.
* The Paul Butterfield Blues Band has a 13 minute instrumental titled "East-West" (1966), incorporating Indian influences.
* Music/TheRollingStones: Their song "Paint It, Black", from ''Music/{{Aftermath}}'' (1966) and the song "Gomper" features Music/BrianJones on sitar.
* Music/TheByrds: Their singles "Eight Miles High" and "Why" have Indian influences.
* Music/JohnColtrane: Was very much inspired by Arabian and Indian folk music later in his career and used these sounds in his own work.
* Cornershop: A British indie rock who assimilated Asian instruments such as the sitar and dholki in their music, including the hit song "Brimful of Asha".
* ''Literature/PatherPanchali'' is a renowned classic of world cinema.
* Of course, all BollywoodMovies take place in India and Pakistan.
* The comedy ''Film/MonsoonWedding (2001)'', which won a Golden Lion in Venice, is about romantic entanglements during a traditional Punjabi Hindu wedding.
* Creator/RoaldDahl's ''Literature/TheWonderfulStoryOfHenrySugar'' has several stories. The title story is about a man who learns [[spoiler: who to see without using his eyes]] from a man from India...
* Part of ''Literature/EatPrayLove'' is set in India, where the protagonist meets a guru.
* ''WesternAnimation/SitaSingsTheBlues'' is a 2008 animated film about Hindu mythology.
* ''Animation/TheReturnOfHanuman'' is a 2007 spin-off movie centered around the Hindu god Hanuman.
* ''Animation/RoadsideRomeo'' is a 2008 Bollywood animated feature.
* Creator/SalmanRushdie's ''Literature/MidnightsChildren'' is a book about the history of India.
* The track "New Delhi" from ''Music/TheRiseAndFall'' by Music/{{Madness}} is about a character dreaming he is India.
* Music/NikolaiRimskyKorsakov's "Song Of India" from the opera "Sadko" is a dreamy piece about the mystery of the orient. It has been covered by many big band musicians too.

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