History UsefulNotes / ImperialJapan

11th Aug '16 5:28:57 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''[[GodEmperor Emperor Hirohito]]'' [[note]] Note that calling an emperor by his personal name (in this case "Hirohito") is considered rude in Japanese culture. Emulating the rulers of the Song Empire (of China), about a millenia ago Japanese Emperors established a precedent of being called by their 'reign name'. Hirohito's reign name, and the name used if you want to be respectful to Hirohito, is 'Showa' (with a deep 'o', as in 'shawl'). [[/note]] : Hirohito was 124th Emperor of Japan during the Showa Period (1926-1989). In 1940 under Hirohito’s leadership, Japan signed the Tripartite pact with UsefulNotes/NaziGermany and FascistItaly. Hirohito chose hardlined General Hideki Tojo to prepare a policy review. Tojo along with the chiefs of staff for the Army and Navy convinced Hirohito to opt for war. Hirohito’s involvement in Japans war effort has been controversial to say the least with some saying that Hideki Tojo was forced to take all blame so Hirohito could save face and others saying that he was a puppet for [[DragonInChief Hideki Tojo]] and the leaders of the Japanese military.

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* ''[[GodEmperor Emperor Hirohito]]'' [[note]] Note that calling an emperor by his personal name (in this case "Hirohito") is considered rude in Japanese culture. Emulating the rulers of the Song Empire (of China), about a millenia ago Japanese Emperors established a precedent of being called by their 'reign name'. Hirohito's reign name, and the name used if you want to be respectful to Hirohito, is 'Showa' (with a deep 'o', as in 'shawl'). [[/note]] : Hirohito was 124th Emperor of Japan during the Showa Period (1926-1989). In 1940 under Hirohito’s leadership, Japan signed the Tripartite pact with UsefulNotes/NaziGermany and FascistItaly.UsefulNotes/FascistItaly. Hirohito chose hardlined General Hideki Tojo to prepare a policy review. Tojo along with the chiefs of staff for the Army and Navy convinced Hirohito to opt for war. Hirohito’s involvement in Japans war effort has been controversial to say the least with some saying that Hideki Tojo was forced to take all blame so Hirohito could save face and others saying that he was a puppet for [[DragonInChief Hideki Tojo]] and the leaders of the Japanese military.
1st Jul '16 3:23:49 AM Anddrix
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** It's also a common sight in Hetalia fanfiction and ''especially'' DarkFic, with [[BaseBreaker Japan]] receiving either DracoInLeatherPants or RonTheDeathEater treatment depending on the fan writer. I.e, Japan/Taiwan J-Fen fanart set in this make him the first via portraying him as Taiwan's KnightInShiningArmor, while the... [[BrokenBase infamous]] fanfic AllHeEverWanted has him as the second via portraying him as a total LawfulEvil bastard who manipulates everyone around him and specially England.

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** It's also a common sight in Hetalia fanfiction and ''especially'' DarkFic, with [[BaseBreaker Japan]] Japan receiving either DracoInLeatherPants or RonTheDeathEater treatment depending on the fan writer. I.e, Japan/Taiwan J-Fen fanart set in this make him the first via portraying him as Taiwan's KnightInShiningArmor, while the... [[BrokenBase infamous]] fanfic AllHeEverWanted has him as the second via portraying him as a total LawfulEvil bastard who manipulates everyone around him and specially England.
16th Jun '16 4:59:39 AM ScorpiusOB1
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Added DiffLines:

* ''March On, Sons Of Nippon'', song of the British HeavyMetal ''Tank'' about them at the start of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
7th Jun '16 8:38:28 AM Doug86
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The Meiji era was followed by the Taishō era (1912 - 1926) upon the establishment of the Taishō Emperor, Yoshihito, as ruler. The Taishō era is known as the "Taishō Democracy," as during this era that the lower house of the Diet (the House of Representatives) gained the upper hand in Japanese politics, and steps were made towards expanding the electorate (property qualifications were substantially reduced--although not eliminated--in 1925). Another significant event of the Taishō era was Japan's involvement in WorldWarI where they, as allies of the British, seized many of the German-owned colonies in East Asia and Micronesia. (This time they were allowed to keep them under a League of Nations mandate.) The Japanese Empire was later invited by the United States to join the international force that was intervene in the Russian Civil War following the collapse of the Tsarist regime. The Japanese Expeditionary Force in Siberia was the largest single foreign force deployed, with Japan taking over the Russian concessions--including Port Arthur and key railway lines--in Chinese Manchuria.

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The Meiji era was followed by the Taishō era (1912 - 1926) upon the establishment of the Taishō Emperor, Yoshihito, as ruler. The Taishō era is known as the "Taishō Democracy," as during this era that the lower house of the Diet (the House of Representatives) gained the upper hand in Japanese politics, and steps were made towards expanding the electorate (property qualifications were substantially reduced--although not eliminated--in 1925). Another significant event of the Taishō era was Japan's involvement in WorldWarI UsefulNotes/WorldWarI where they, as allies of the British, seized many of the German-owned colonies in East Asia and Micronesia. (This time they were allowed to keep them under a League of Nations mandate.) The Japanese Empire was later invited by the United States to join the international force that was intervene in the Russian Civil War following the collapse of the Tsarist regime. The Japanese Expeditionary Force in Siberia was the largest single foreign force deployed, with Japan taking over the Russian concessions--including Port Arthur and key railway lines--in Chinese Manchuria.



Do note that "The Manchurian Incident", an older and highly euphemistic Japanese name for the latter, is considered highly offensive by the Chinese and is subject to {{Kotobagari}} because: #1 it implies that the IJA's actions were in some way legitimate and #2 it implies that 'the Three Eastern/Northern Provinces' and their people have a claim to semi-autonomy/independence). This was followed up by such incidents as the Battle of Shanghai (1932) and ongoing economic warfare in Northern China, where the Japanese military tried to undermine the Chinese Nationalists' central government by supporting regional (separatist) warlords and smuggling huge quantities of goods either banned (i.e. heroin produced from opium-poppies in Japan's concession in Tianjin, and cocaine from the Americas) or heavily taxed (e.g. medium-quality cigarettes). After four years of brutal, [[ForeverWar seemingly-endless regular and partisan warfare]], it eventually merged into the whole mess that was WorldWarTwo. Japanese forces were involved in disgusting war crimes--primarily involving Prisoners of War and civilians--which in the space of two years blackened what had until then been a fairly good reputation.

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Do note that "The Manchurian Incident", an older and highly euphemistic Japanese name for the latter, is considered highly offensive by the Chinese and is subject to {{Kotobagari}} because: #1 it implies that the IJA's actions were in some way legitimate and #2 it implies that 'the Three Eastern/Northern Provinces' and their people have a claim to semi-autonomy/independence). This was followed up by such incidents as the Battle of Shanghai (1932) and ongoing economic warfare in Northern China, where the Japanese military tried to undermine the Chinese Nationalists' central government by supporting regional (separatist) warlords and smuggling huge quantities of goods either banned (i.e. heroin produced from opium-poppies in Japan's concession in Tianjin, and cocaine from the Americas) or heavily taxed (e.g. medium-quality cigarettes). After four years of brutal, [[ForeverWar seemingly-endless regular and partisan warfare]], it eventually merged into the whole mess that was WorldWarTwo.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. Japanese forces were involved in disgusting war crimes--primarily involving Prisoners of War and civilians--which in the space of two years blackened what had until then been a fairly good reputation.



Mostly forgotten between the UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar and WorldWarII were the Soviet–Japanese Border Wars, a series of border conflicts between Japan and the Soviet Union between 1938 and 1939. While the Japanese Empire went into the conflicts with the confidence of their victory in the Russo-Japanese War, the relatively well-equipped RedArmy of the USSR would prove to be a much tougher nut to crack. This conflict showed clearly how badly outdated and outclassed the Imperial Japanese Army was in terms of unit-organisation and equipment -- especially when it came to armoured vehicles. Japan was not only without dedicated armoured-brigades, as per the French Army's example, but they were also short on tanks and moreover, what tanks they 'did' have were unbelievably rubbish even compared to the Soviet Union's shitty pre-T-34 and KV-1 models. The Soviet-Japanese border conflicts culminated in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, which resulted in a decisive Soviet victory and the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact. The latter would be the reason why there was little Soviet-Japanese conflict for most of WorldWarII. The Soviets would later break the pact and invade Japanese-held Manchuria on August 9, 1945, less than a week before the Japanese surrender.

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Mostly forgotten between the UsefulNotes/SecondSinoJapaneseWar and WorldWarII UsefulNotes/WorldWarII were the Soviet–Japanese Border Wars, a series of border conflicts between Japan and the Soviet Union between 1938 and 1939. While the Japanese Empire went into the conflicts with the confidence of their victory in the Russo-Japanese War, the relatively well-equipped RedArmy of the USSR would prove to be a much tougher nut to crack. This conflict showed clearly how badly outdated and outclassed the Imperial Japanese Army was in terms of unit-organisation and equipment -- especially when it came to armoured vehicles. Japan was not only without dedicated armoured-brigades, as per the French Army's example, but they were also short on tanks and moreover, what tanks they 'did' have were unbelievably rubbish even compared to the Soviet Union's shitty pre-T-34 and KV-1 models. The Soviet-Japanese border conflicts culminated in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, which resulted in a decisive Soviet victory and the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact. The latter would be the reason why there was little Soviet-Japanese conflict for most of WorldWarII.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. The Soviets would later break the pact and invade Japanese-held Manchuria on August 9, 1945, less than a week before the Japanese surrender.



* ''Manga/{{Zipang}}'' has a modern-day Japanese warship sent back in time to WorldWarTwo, where the ValuesDissonance between the pacifistic modern-era crew and their Imperial military counterparts is explored.

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* ''Manga/{{Zipang}}'' has a modern-day Japanese warship sent back in time to WorldWarTwo, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, where the ValuesDissonance between the pacifistic modern-era crew and their Imperial military counterparts is explored.



* Aside from the Anglo-American and Arthurian aspects, The Holy Britannian Empire in ''CodeGeass'' also borrows some elements from Imperial Japan circa WorldWarII. This is especially evident in how conquered people are referred to by numbers and the Empire's general treatment of anyone ''not'' considered Britannian. Ironically enough, the series has ''the Japanese themselves'' in the receiving end of all this (aka Area 11).

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* Aside from the Anglo-American and Arthurian aspects, The Holy Britannian Empire in ''CodeGeass'' also borrows some elements from Imperial Japan circa WorldWarII.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. This is especially evident in how conquered people are referred to by numbers and the Empire's general treatment of anyone ''not'' considered Britannian. Ironically enough, the series has ''the Japanese themselves'' in the receiving end of all this (aka Area 11).



* The first two ''VideoGame/ShadowHearts'' games takes place around WorldWarI. The first involved Japan-occupied Shanghai while the second has the characters travel to Japan.

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* The first two ''VideoGame/ShadowHearts'' games takes place around WorldWarI.UsefulNotes/WorldWarI. The first involved Japan-occupied Shanghai while the second has the characters travel to Japan.



* The plot of the ''asadora'' (morning drama) series ''Series/{{Oshin}}'' begins in 1907 and follows the life of Shin "Oshin" Tanekura through the following decades, giving quite the spotlight to her life through the years prior and during WorldWarTwo and the fall of the Japanese Empire. It was [[TooSoon this close to not be greenlit]], however, since it incluided quite the criticism to the classism and the abuse of the poor in the post-isolation years; in the words of its writer, Sugako Hashida, the NHK believed that society was ''not'' ready to see such harsh truths.

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* The plot of the ''asadora'' (morning drama) series ''Series/{{Oshin}}'' begins in 1907 and follows the life of Shin "Oshin" Tanekura through the following decades, giving quite the spotlight to her life through the years prior and during WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and the fall of the Japanese Empire. It was [[TooSoon this close to not be greenlit]], however, since it incluided quite the criticism to the classism and the abuse of the poor in the post-isolation years; in the words of its writer, Sugako Hashida, the NHK believed that society was ''not'' ready to see such harsh truths.
15th May '16 12:45:36 PM GlitteringFlowers
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* The plot of the ''asadora'' (morning drama) series ''Series/{{Oshin}}'' begins in 1907 and follows the life of Shin "Oshin" Tanekura through the following dewcades, giving quite the spotlight to her life through the years prior and during WorldWarTwo and the fall of the Japanese Empire. It was [[TooSoon this close to not be greenlit]], however, since it incluided quite the criticism to the classism and the abuse of the poor in the post-isolation years; in the words of its writer, Sugako Hashida, the NHK believed that society was ''not'' ready to see such harsh truths.

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* The plot of the ''asadora'' (morning drama) series ''Series/{{Oshin}}'' begins in 1907 and follows the life of Shin "Oshin" Tanekura through the following dewcades, decades, giving quite the spotlight to her life through the years prior and during WorldWarTwo and the fall of the Japanese Empire. It was [[TooSoon this close to not be greenlit]], however, since it incluided quite the criticism to the classism and the abuse of the poor in the post-isolation years; in the words of its writer, Sugako Hashida, the NHK believed that society was ''not'' ready to see such harsh truths.
15th May '16 12:45:19 PM GlitteringFlowers
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Added DiffLines:

* The plot of the ''asadora'' (morning drama) series ''Series/{{Oshin}}'' begins in 1907 and follows the life of Shin "Oshin" Tanekura through the following dewcades, giving quite the spotlight to her life through the years prior and during WorldWarTwo and the fall of the Japanese Empire. It was [[TooSoon this close to not be greenlit]], however, since it incluided quite the criticism to the classism and the abuse of the poor in the post-isolation years; in the words of its writer, Sugako Hashida, the NHK believed that society was ''not'' ready to see such harsh truths.
-->'''Sugako Hashida''': "The themes were so harsh and dark that the show was rejected by every television network. Even NHK opposed it. I was told "'We can't confront Meiji issues.'""
14th Apr '16 11:34:55 PM MHarrington
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It is sometimes claimed that unlike Germany, which as a nation apologized for the actions of the Nazis in Europe, Japan has never formally apologized to the Asian nations that were invaded by the Japanese armies. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_war_apology_statements_issued_by_Japan Though there have been several apologies from the country's (Prime) Ministers]]. Japan has also paid [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Peace_with_Japan#Compensation_to_Allied_civilians_and_POWs over 300 billion Yen in war reparations]] to the nation-states it occupied, with some formal apologizes to former [=POWs=] by a few Japanese ambassadors. However, the lack of a Japanese counterpart of "Denazification" and (extremely) cautious treatment of the mention of the subject in school textbooks makes Asians that lived through the Japanese occupation continue to see the Japanese as generally unrepentant and being possessed of a disgustingly cavalier attitude toward the actions of their grandparents' and great-grandparents' generation. It should however be noted that virtually all Japanese school history textbooks do describe Japanese war atrocities (and in particular, the Rape of Nanking), and despite the recent attempt by the right-wing [[PropagandaMachine Society for History Textbook Reform]] to introduce a textbook omitting/casting doubt on the Nanking Massacre, comfort women, and general colonial nastiness, widespread protests and denunciation by the Japanese Teachers' Union led to the book being introduced in a measly 18 of the country's 11,000+ junior high schools.

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It is sometimes claimed that unlike Germany, which as a nation apologized for the actions of the Nazis in Europe, Japan has never formally apologized to the Asian nations that were invaded by the Japanese armies. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_war_apology_statements_issued_by_Japan Though Yet there have been several apologies from the country's (Prime) Ministers]]. Japan has also paid [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Peace_with_Japan#Compensation_to_Allied_civilians_and_POWs over 300 billion Yen in war reparations]] to the nation-states it occupied, with some formal apologizes to former [=POWs=] by a few Japanese ambassadors. However, the lack of a Japanese counterpart of "Denazification" and (extremely) cautious treatment of the mention of the subject in school textbooks makes Asians that lived through the Japanese occupation continue to see the Japanese as generally unrepentant and being possessed of a disgustingly cavalier attitude toward the actions of their grandparents' and great-grandparents' generation. It On the other hand, it should however be noted that virtually all Japanese school history textbooks do describe Japanese war atrocities (and in particular, the Rape of Nanking), and despite the recent attempt by the right-wing [[PropagandaMachine Society for History Textbook Reform]] to introduce a textbook omitting/casting doubt on the Nanking Massacre, comfort women, and general colonial nastiness, widespread protests and denunciation by the Japanese Teachers' Union led to the book being introduced in a measly 18 of the country's 11,000+ junior high schools.
27th Mar '16 6:01:51 AM gallium
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* ''Film/PearlHarbor''... what? Imperial Japan is in it. For a couple minutes. From the air. Still counts.

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* ''Film/PearlHarbor''... what? Imperial ''Film/APageOfMadness'' (1926) is set in an insane asylum sometime in the early 20th century.
* 1934 film ''Film/AStoryOfFloatingWeeds'' is about a traveling Japanese theater troupe.
* ''Film/TwentyFourEyes'' is about a schoolteacher in
Japan is in it. For a couple minutes. From before and during World War II, struggling to educate her students as the air. Still counts.government gradually grows more repressive and warlike.
* ''Film/{{Yamato}}'' is about the famous battleship and its suicidal final voyage in 1945.
27th Mar '16 5:43:48 AM gallium
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* [[Creator/AkiraKurosawa Akira Kurosawa's]] 1946 film ''No Regrets For Our Youth'' is about the persecution of student radicals, ironically from a man who likely had quite a bit to regret from his own youth in the wartime propaganda film industry.

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* [[Creator/AkiraKurosawa Akira Kurosawa's]] Creator/AkiraKurosawa's 1946 film ''No Regrets For Our Youth'' ''Film/NoRegretsForOurYouth'' is about the persecution of student radicals, ironically from a man who likely had quite a bit to regret from his own youth in the wartime propaganda film industry.
17th Mar '16 8:40:44 AM Willbyr
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** While in ''Umineko'', WWII is merely used as a context for a meeting between two characters, Ryūkishi07's next work ''RoseGunsDays'' explores it in much more detail (with a different outcome − Japan is occupied not only by the USA, but also China). One of the protagonists, Leo Shishigami, while conscious in hindsight that "freeing Asia from Western colonialism" was just pretty propaganda, has formed a strong bond with south-eastern Asian fighters he instructed during the war, and in Season 2 [[spoiler:[[PutOnABus goes back to their country to fight with them in the guerilla.]]]] Talks about [[WarIsHell the hell of the front]], [[ShellShockedVeteran psychological trauma]], but also Japanese responsibility and guilt, or even the way [[JustFollowingOrders Japanese soldiers tried to justify themselves]] are quite frequent.

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** While in ''Umineko'', WWII is merely used as a context for a meeting between two characters, Ryūkishi07's next work ''RoseGunsDays'' ''VisualNovel/RoseGunsDays'' explores it in much more detail (with a different outcome − Japan is occupied not only by the USA, but also China). One of the protagonists, Leo Shishigami, while conscious in hindsight that "freeing Asia from Western colonialism" was just pretty propaganda, has formed a strong bond with south-eastern Asian fighters he instructed during the war, and in Season 2 [[spoiler:[[PutOnABus goes back to their country to fight with them in the guerilla.]]]] Talks about [[WarIsHell the hell of the front]], [[ShellShockedVeteran psychological trauma]], but also Japanese responsibility and guilt, or even the way [[JustFollowingOrders Japanese soldiers tried to justify themselves]] are quite frequent.
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