History UsefulNotes / HeavyMetal

13th Jun '17 2:40:14 PM Razor21792
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The source of the name "heavy metal" is, like most things to do with metal, hotly debated. Those who prefer a more "high culture" or "respectable" inspiration point to characters called "the Heavy Metal Kid" and "Heavy Metal People" in works by Creator/WilliamSBurroughs. Lowerbrow types often point to the line "heavy metal thunder" as a metaphor for the sound of motorbike engines in the proto-metal hit [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5UWRypqz5-o "Born To Be Wild"]] by Music/{{Steppenwolf}}. More generally, the word "heavy" had been used for a long time among hippies to mean "serious" or "depressing", and some people point as well to the group of often-toxic chemical elements known as "heavy metals" in chemistry. Some claim that "heavy metal" is merely a natural progression of heaviness from "hard rock" and "heavy rock" (i.e. suggesting an even harder brand of music) so the term was inevitable. When it was first used and when it gained mainstream use is debated, but few deny that it was a well-established term in music by at least 1975, though it was referred to or was used interchangeably with 'heavy rock' and a multitude of heavy bands from Music/{{Rush}}, Music/UriahHeep to Buffalo, Music/{{Rainbow}} to Music/{{ACDC}} were all labeled heavy metal even if most didn't consider themselves such, tried to avoid the label, or weren't metal to begin with— even Music/{{Aerosmith}} was called an "American heavy metal-rock band!" This has led to a bit of confusion, with few of the bands being mentioned in the same breath as metal these days.



The source of the name "heavy metal" is, like most things to do with metal, hotly debated. Those who prefer a more "high culture" or "respectable" inspiration point to characters called "the Heavy Metal Kid" and "Heavy Metal People" in works by Creator/WilliamSBurroughs. Lowerbrow types often point to the line "heavy metal thunder" as a metaphor for the sound of motorbike engines in the proto-metal hit [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5UWRypqz5-o "Born To Be Wild"]] by Music/{{Steppenwolf}}. More generally, the word "heavy" had been used for a long time among hippies to mean "serious" or "depressing", and some people point as well to the group of often-toxic chemical elements known as "heavy metals" in chemistry. Some claim that "heavy metal" is merely a natural progression of heaviness from "hard rock" and "heavy rock" (i.e. suggesting an even harder brand of music) so the term was inevitable. When it was first used and when it gained mainstream use is debated, but few deny that it was a well-established term in music by at least 1975, though it was referred to or was used interchangeably with 'heavy rock' and a multitude of heavy bands from Music/{{Rush}}, Music/UriahHeep to Buffalo, Music/{{Rainbow}} to Music/{{ACDC}} were all labeled heavy metal even if most didn't consider themselves such, tried to avoid the label, or weren't metal to begin with— even Music/{{Aerosmith}} was called an "American heavy metal-rock band!" This has led to a bit of confusion, with few of the bands being mentioned in the same breath as metal these days.
16th Apr '17 7:24:20 PM maxwellsilver
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But who strummed the first metal riff? Surprisingly, many consider Music/TheBeatles' [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8SImoLm_UI "Helter Skelter"]] the first heavy metal song while the [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OTvz1lJzmI electric guitar legend]], Music/JimiHendrix, is credited as a major inspiration with the story that a supposed music magazine article described his music as "like bars of metal raining down on the stage." Other potential starters include [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehwSEVbBZl4 Led Zeppelin]] [[Music/LedZeppelin in 1969]], [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nU5uDozoSSM Blue Cheer in 1968]], and a very little known garage band, 'Bitter Creek', who played a very interestingly speed/sludge metal-esque song, '[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYqvyxK3Qpo Plastic Thunder]]— all the way back ''in 1967''.

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But who strummed the first metal riff? Surprisingly, many consider Music/TheBeatles' [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8SImoLm_UI "Helter Skelter"]] the first heavy metal song while the [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OTvz1lJzmI electric guitar legend]], Music/JimiHendrix, is credited as a major inspiration with the story that a supposed music magazine article described his music as "like bars of metal raining down on the stage." Other potential starters include Music/LedZeppelin [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehwSEVbBZl4 Led Zeppelin]] [[Music/LedZeppelin in 1969]], [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nU5uDozoSSM Blue Cheer in 1968]], and a very little known garage band, 'Bitter Creek', who played a very interestingly speed/sludge metal-esque song, '[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYqvyxK3Qpo Plastic Thunder]]— all the way back ''in 1967''.
10th Feb '17 4:43:52 AM supergod
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* PowerMetal has a sort of dual origin, having arisen separately in the US and Europe, and mixed later, which leads to a very sharp divide between US and European power bands. As a rule, power metal is more thoughtful and orderly than most metal, with an emphasis on instrumental ability (but not to the degree of prog metal or [[TechnicalDeathMetal tech death]]) and fantastic lyrics. American power metal, typified by Music/{{Sanctuary}}, Attacker, Music/IcedEarth, Omen and {{Music/Savatage}}, is usually more aggressive, with influences from thrash and LowFantasy lyrics. European power metal, typified by Helloween, Music/{{Edguy}}, Stratovarius, and Music/BlindGuardian, is usually more melodic, with lots of synthesizers, a distinctive "double bass" beat, and HighFantasy or SciFi lyrics. [[StopHavingFunGuys Some metalheads look down on power metal and its fans for not being "metal" enough]], referring to the genre as "flower metal". Think of American power metal as Creator/RobertEHoward and European power metal as Creator/JRRTolkien. One might also say that power metal is also the most "traditional" (not necessarily retro) of all metal subgenres.

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* PowerMetal has a sort of dual origin, having arisen separately in the US and Europe, and mixed later, which leads to a very sharp divide between US and European power bands. As a rule, power metal is more thoughtful and orderly than most metal, with an emphasis on instrumental ability (but not to the degree of prog metal or [[TechnicalDeathMetal tech death]]) and fantastic lyrics. American power metal, typified by Music/{{Sanctuary}}, Attacker, Music/IcedEarth, Omen and {{Music/Savatage}}, is usually more aggressive, with influences from thrash and LowFantasy lyrics. European power metal, typified by Helloween, Music/{{Edguy}}, Stratovarius, and Music/BlindGuardian, is usually more melodic, with lots of synthesizers, a distinctive "double bass" beat, and HighFantasy or SciFi lyrics. [[StopHavingFunGuys Some metalheads look down on the less aggressive European power metal and its fans for not being "metal" enough]], referring to the genre as "flower metal". Think of American power metal as Creator/RobertEHoward and European power metal as Creator/JRRTolkien. One might also say that power metal is also the most "traditional" (not necessarily retro) of all metal subgenres.
10th Feb '17 4:26:54 AM Morgenthaler
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* PowerMetal has a sort of dual origin, having arisen separately in the US and Europe, and mixed later, which leads to a very sharp divide between US and European power bands. As a rule, power metal is more thoughtful and orderly than most metal, with an emphasis on instrumental ability (but not to the degree of prog metal or [[TechnicalDeathMetal tech death]]) and fantastic lyrics. American power metal, typified by Sanctuary, Attacker, IcedEarth, Omen and {{Music/Savatage}}, is usually more aggressive, with influences from thrash and LowFantasy lyrics. European power metal, typified by Helloween, Music/{{Edguy}}, Stratovarius, and Music/BlindGuardian, is usually more melodic, with lots of synthesizers, a distinctive "double bass" beat, and HighFantasy or SciFi lyrics. [[StopHavingFunGuys Some metalheads look down on power metal and its fans for not being "metal" enough]], referring to the genre as "flower metal". Think of American power metal as Creator/RobertEHoward and European power metal as Creator/JRRTolkien. One might also say that power metal is also the most "traditional" (not necessarily retro) of all metal subgenres.

to:

* PowerMetal has a sort of dual origin, having arisen separately in the US and Europe, and mixed later, which leads to a very sharp divide between US and European power bands. As a rule, power metal is more thoughtful and orderly than most metal, with an emphasis on instrumental ability (but not to the degree of prog metal or [[TechnicalDeathMetal tech death]]) and fantastic lyrics. American power metal, typified by Sanctuary, Music/{{Sanctuary}}, Attacker, IcedEarth, Music/IcedEarth, Omen and {{Music/Savatage}}, is usually more aggressive, with influences from thrash and LowFantasy lyrics. European power metal, typified by Helloween, Music/{{Edguy}}, Stratovarius, and Music/BlindGuardian, is usually more melodic, with lots of synthesizers, a distinctive "double bass" beat, and HighFantasy or SciFi lyrics. [[StopHavingFunGuys Some metalheads look down on power metal and its fans for not being "metal" enough]], referring to the genre as "flower metal". Think of American power metal as Creator/RobertEHoward and European power metal as Creator/JRRTolkien. One might also say that power metal is also the most "traditional" (not necessarily retro) of all metal subgenres.
10th Jan '17 5:27:05 AM Morgenthaler
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* BlackMetal is a development of early extreme metal, featuring tremolo-picked riffs, harsh shrieking vocals, "fuzzy" production, and extremely anti-Christian lyrics. The scene has a reputation for violence and criminal activity that is not entirely undeserved. This form of metal is a very niche product and proud to be so, but more commercial offshoots such as Music/DimmuBorgir and CradleOfFilth have seen some mainstream success. Unfortunately, this is the subgenre that far too many people think of when you mention metal nowadays, if it's not metalcore.

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* BlackMetal is a development of early extreme metal, featuring tremolo-picked riffs, harsh shrieking vocals, "fuzzy" production, and extremely anti-Christian lyrics. The scene has a reputation for violence and criminal activity that is not entirely undeserved. This form of metal is a very niche product and proud to be so, but more commercial offshoots such as Music/DimmuBorgir and CradleOfFilth Music/CradleOfFilth have seen some mainstream success. Unfortunately, this is the subgenre that far too many people think of when you mention metal nowadays, if it's not metalcore.
9th Jan '17 5:00:14 PM Morgenthaler
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** Death metal is also known for its multiple fusion genres, such as with progressive metal (Music/{{Opeth}}, later Music/{{Death}} albums), NWOBHM (also known as MelodicDeathMetal - AtTheGates, Music/InFlames, and DarkTranquillity are generally regarded as the TropeMakers), or power metal (ScarSymmetry). Bands filed under death metal tend to be diverse enough, such that CannibalCorpse (TropeCodifier for American death metal) might sound to some ears more like Music/{{Kreator}} than AtTheGates, even though the former is a thrash metal band and the latter, death metal of the more melodic variety.

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** Death metal is also known for its multiple fusion genres, such as with progressive metal (Music/{{Opeth}}, later Music/{{Death}} albums), NWOBHM (also known as MelodicDeathMetal - AtTheGates, Music/AtTheGates, Music/InFlames, and DarkTranquillity Music/DarkTranquillity are generally regarded as the TropeMakers), or power metal (ScarSymmetry).(Music/ScarSymmetry). Bands filed under death metal tend to be diverse enough, such that CannibalCorpse (TropeCodifier for American death metal) might sound to some ears more like Music/{{Kreator}} than AtTheGates, even though the former is a thrash metal band and the latter, death metal of the more melodic variety.
14th Aug '16 4:28:17 AM Morgenthaler
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** Power metal is also known for the amount of ease that it can be fused with other genres. For this reason, there are umbrella terms like progpower metal for bands that are one part progressive metal and one part power metal such as Music/{{Kamelot}} and Music/SymphonyX and thrash-power metal for bands that mix thrash metal and power metal such as IcedEarth and [[ThreeInchesOfBlood 3 Inches of Blood]].

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** Power metal is also known for the amount of ease that it can be fused with other genres. For this reason, there are umbrella terms like progpower metal for bands that are one part progressive metal and one part power metal such as Music/{{Kamelot}} and Music/SymphonyX and thrash-power metal for bands that mix thrash metal and power metal such as IcedEarth Music/IcedEarth and [[ThreeInchesOfBlood 3 Inches of Blood]].Music/ThreeInchesOfBlood.
21st Jun '16 7:55:17 PM gewunomox
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Though pop metal was off the charts in the US, it was reaching its zenith in other parts of the globe. One such place was Europe, where glam metal and grunge had much less impact than in the US. Just as Britain was contending with Madchester and the earliest days of {{Britpop}} (essentially their own version of Grunge), German act Helloween rose from a second-tier speed/power metal act to a megahit with their ''Keeper of the Seven Keys'' duology, which focused on catchy vocal melodies, a more light-hearted LighterAndSofter attitude, and influences from synthesizer-heavy European pop music, spawning hundreds of imitators throughout TheNineties. Music/DreamTheater created a modest but enduring fanbase by taking the progressive rock influences on power metal and running with them, merging metal and prog-rock into a unique new "progressive metal" sound that found a following with people who wanted something "smarter" than grunge. Their sophomore effort ''Images and Words'' sold 800,000 copies despite being released at the height of the grunge craze. Pantera rides upon the fame and knowledge that they kept heavy metal alive through its Dark Age, with their grooving mid-tempo thrash connecting with millions of fans [[NuMetal (though inadvertently laying the groundwork for another "groove" movement).]] Black Sabbath survived by ignoring most of the developments of the 80s and returning to the bluesy, stomping proto-heavy metal that had carried them through TheSeventies, culminating in a brief resurgence of fame as they reunited with former frontman RonnieJamesDio for the 1992 album ''Dehumanizer'', which is still highly regarded to this day. Death metal, a niche genre to begin with, maintained a small but devoted fanbase, with an up-and-coming band from Long Island by the name of Music/{{Suffocation}} making a particularly big splash in 1991 with ''Effigy of the Forgotten'', their Roadrunner debut, which combined extreme heaviness and technical proficiency to create a new style of death metal that would slowly but surely shape the scene to come. And a group of musicians in Norway had turned the chaotic extreme metal scene into a coherent musical movement that would gain notoriety far beyond its small fanbase.

to:

Though pop metal was off the charts in the US, it was reaching its zenith in other parts of the globe. One such place was Europe, where glam metal and grunge had much less impact than in the US. Just as Britain was contending with Madchester and the earliest days of {{Britpop}} (essentially their own version of Grunge), German act Helloween rose from a second-tier speed/power metal act to a megahit with their ''Keeper of the Seven Keys'' duology, which focused on catchy vocal melodies, a more light-hearted LighterAndSofter attitude, and influences from synthesizer-heavy European pop music, spawning hundreds of imitators throughout TheNineties. Music/DreamTheater created a modest but enduring fanbase by taking the progressive rock influences on power metal and running with them, merging metal and prog-rock into a unique new "progressive metal" sound that found a following with people who wanted something "smarter" than grunge. Their sophomore effort ''Images and Words'' sold 800,000 copies despite being released at the height of the grunge craze. Pantera rides upon the fame and knowledge that they kept heavy metal alive through its Dark Age, with their grooving mid-tempo thrash connecting with millions of fans [[NuMetal (though inadvertently laying the groundwork for another "groove" movement).]] Black Sabbath survived by ignoring most of the developments of the 80s and returning to the bluesy, stomping proto-heavy metal that had carried them through TheSeventies, culminating in a brief resurgence of fame as they reunited with former frontman RonnieJamesDio Music/RonnieJamesDio for the 1992 album ''Dehumanizer'', which is still highly regarded to this day. Death metal, a niche genre to begin with, maintained a small but devoted fanbase, with an up-and-coming band from Long Island by the name of Music/{{Suffocation}} making a particularly big splash in 1991 with ''Effigy of the Forgotten'', their Roadrunner debut, which combined extreme heaviness and technical proficiency to create a new style of death metal that would slowly but surely shape the scene to come. And a group of musicians in Norway had turned the chaotic extreme metal scene into a coherent musical movement that would gain notoriety far beyond its small fanbase.
12th May '16 1:30:44 PM Jeroic
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** Death metal also introduced to the world the "death growl" (also known as 'cookie monster vocals', 'guttural screams,' and 'death screams') which is the aforementioned growled vocals. Whereas thrash metal featured graveling singing styles, death metal has become famous for its vocalists not even sounding human (for a comparison to any who are unfamiliar, imagine a low bear or a lion or, more accurately, a demonic growl)

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** Death metal also introduced to the world the "death growl" (also known as 'cookie monster vocals', 'guttural screams,' and 'death screams') which is the aforementioned growled vocals. Whereas thrash metal featured graveling singing styles, death metal has become famous for its vocalists not even sounding human (for a comparison to any who are unfamiliar, imagine a low bear or a lion or, more accurately, a demonic growl)growl although which term is most accurate depends on the vocalist in question)
11th May '16 5:17:57 AM spirasen
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* DeathMetal is a development of thrash metal, recognized by its gruesome themes involving corpses and gore, and low-pitched growled vocals. {{Death}}, Possessed, Music/MorbidAngel, and Music/{{Deicide}} are names to know in this style. Started as an American thing, but has a following in Sweden as well. Swedish bands, such as AtTheGates, early Music/InFlames, and Music/EdgeOfSanity, are lower-key and more refined. Death metal is related to a very extreme offshoot of hardcore punk called "{{grindcore}}" that carries a similar ethos. The two often mix to form "death/grind" or "goregrind" bands, which are basically Death Metal carried UpToEleven and exemplified by bands with such charming names as Circle of Dead Children, Music/CattleDecapitation, and [[StealthParody Anal]] [[Music/AnalCunt Cunt]]. Death metal has a penchant for [[ContemptibleCover really disgusting album covers]]. This is one of the biggest metal genres today.

to:

* DeathMetal is a development of thrash metal, recognized by its gruesome themes involving corpses and gore, and low-pitched growled vocals. {{Death}}, Music/{{Death}}, Possessed, Music/MorbidAngel, and Music/{{Deicide}} are names to know in this style. Started as an American thing, but has a following in Sweden as well. Swedish bands, such as AtTheGates, early Music/InFlames, and Music/EdgeOfSanity, are lower-key and more refined. Death metal is related to a very extreme offshoot of hardcore punk called "{{grindcore}}" that carries a similar ethos. The two often mix to form "death/grind" or "goregrind" bands, which are basically Death Metal carried UpToEleven and exemplified by bands with such charming names as Circle of Dead Children, Music/CattleDecapitation, and [[StealthParody Anal]] [[Music/AnalCunt Cunt]]. Death metal has a penchant for [[ContemptibleCover really disgusting album covers]]. This is one of the biggest metal genres today.
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