History UsefulNotes / Guatemala

13th Jan '16 8:21:06 PM CainandAble
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* And actor Creator/OscarIsaac, who's [[ButNotTooForeign Guatemalan-American]].
12th Sep '15 11:45:59 PM nombretomado
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* Miguel Ángel Asturias, winner of the NobelPrizeInLiterature in 1967. His most famous book is ''El Señor Presidente'' (''Mister President''), where he analyses the usual characteristics of a Latin American dictator (though his main inspiration was the aforementioned Manuel Estrada).

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* Miguel Ángel Asturias, winner of the NobelPrizeInLiterature UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature in 1967. His most famous book is ''El Señor Presidente'' (''Mister President''), where he analyses the usual characteristics of a Latin American dictator (though his main inspiration was the aforementioned Manuel Estrada).
22nd Jul '15 6:46:23 PM EddieA98
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The territory of what is now known as Guatemala was once inhabitated by the Maya civilization until around 900 AD, when their civilization collapsed[[note]]nobody knows for sure the reasons, but common theories include Toltec invasion, collapse of trade routes, revolutions, diseases and a massive drought[[/note]] and was replaced by local kingdoms. These kingdoms were eventually conquered by the Spanish conqueror army, who established the Captaincy General of Guatemala (composed by Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Mexican state of Chiapas).

In 1821, the Captaincy proclaimed its independence and subsequent incorporation into the Mexican Empire. However, when the empire collapsed a couple of years later, the countries separated (Chiapas remained part of Mexico) and formed the United Provinces of Central America, at least until 1840 when the provinces had all declared themselves independent.

In 1898 the country fell for the first time into a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]], and would pass almost the entire twentieth century alternating between political unstability, coup d’etats, military governments and guerrilla operations. As a result of that, the country fell into a civil war [[GreyAndGrayMorality between the various revolutionary armies and the government]] that lasted thirty six years and ended only in 1996. Since then, it has recovered the political stability and democratic institutions, but the problems of the long war (including poverty, crime rates, scorched earth and ethnic clashes) still linger today. Life expectancy is 66 years for men, and 73 for women.

The official language is Spanish, though not everyone on the country speaks it. Actually, there’s a good size of the population that speaks the indigenous languages (23 Mayan languages, not counting some dialects and other non-Mayan languages).

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Guatemala is the most populous and third largest country in Central America. Although the official language is Spanish, not everyone speaks it and the country is very diverse both culturally and linguistically. There are four major ethnic groups: the Ladinos, the Mayas, the Garifuna and the Xinca. It is also a very biologically diverse place, as one would expect from a place whose name means “place of many trees”.

The territory of what is now known as Guatemala was once inhabitated inhabited by the Maya [[PreColumbianCivilizations Mayans]], a civilization until around 900 AD, when their civilization collapsed[[note]]nobody with noteworthy advances in the arts and sciences, especially astronomy. However, by the time the Spanish conqueror army came around, they were long gone,[[note]] Nobody knows for sure the reasons, why, but common theories include a Toltec invasion, a collapse of trade routes, revolutions, diseases and a massive drought[[/note]] and was replaced by local kingdoms. These leaving only [[TheAlliance small kingdoms were eventually conquered by and city-states]] for the Spaniards to fight.

The
Spanish conqueror army, who established the Captaincy General of Guatemala (composed by Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Mexican state of Chiapas).

In 1821, the Captaincy
mostly comprising modern-day Central America, which in turned proclaimed its independence and subsequent incorporation in 1821. After an annexation to the short-lived [[UsefulNotes/{{Mexico}} Mexican Empire]], the territory once again reformed itself into the Mexican Empire. However, when the empire collapsed a couple of years later, the countries separated (Chiapas remained part of Mexico) and formed the United Provinces Federal Republic of Central America, at America. At least until 1840 when the provinces had all declared themselves independent.

In 1898 the country fell for the first time into a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]], dictatorship]] for the first time, and it would pass almost the entire twentieth century alternating between political unstability, coup d’etats, military governments and guerrilla operations. As operations, resulting in a result of that, the country fell into a bloody civil war [[GreyAndGrayMorality between the various revolutionary armies and the government]] that lasted thirty six years government]].

Peace accords were signed in 1996
and ended only in 1996. Since since then, it has recovered the political stability and democratic institutions, but institutions. Sadly, the problems of the long 36-year-long war (including widespread poverty, sky-high crime rates, scorched earth economic inequality and ethnic clashes) still linger today. Life expectancy is 66 years for men, And many government officials and 73 for women.

The official language is Spanish, though not everyone on the country speaks it. Actually, there’s a good size of the population that speaks the indigenous languages (23 Mayan languages, not counting some dialects and other non-Mayan languages).
presidential candidates take pleasure in exploiting it to their own profit.
3rd May '15 10:48:00 PM nombretomado
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* Manuel Estrada, dictator from 1898 to 1920, infamous for allowing the entry of the United Fruit Company to the country (the TropeNamer of the BananaRepublic) and for trying to [[CloudCuckooLander install a cult of Minerva]] (yes, ''[[ClassicalMythology that Minerva]]'').

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* Manuel Estrada, dictator from 1898 to 1920, infamous for allowing the entry of the United Fruit Company to the country (the TropeNamer of the BananaRepublic) and for trying to [[CloudCuckooLander install a cult of Minerva]] (yes, ''[[ClassicalMythology ''[[Myth/ClassicalMythology that Minerva]]'').
13th Aug '13 9:24:25 PM RoswellianMisha
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In 1898 the country fell for the first time into a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]], and would pass almost the entire twentieth century alternating between political unstability, coup d’etats, military governments and guerrilla operations. As a result of that, the country fell into a civil war [[GreyAndGrayMorality between the various revolutionary armies and the government]] that lasted thirty six years and ended only in 1996. Since then, it has recovered the political stability and democratic institutions, but the problems of the long war (including poverty, crime rates, scorched earth and ethnic clashes) still linger today. As an additional consequence of the war, Guatemala has one of the lowest average age of the Western Hemisphere (18.9 years for men and 20 for women).

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In 1898 the country fell for the first time into a [[BananaRepublic dictatorship]], and would pass almost the entire twentieth century alternating between political unstability, coup d’etats, military governments and guerrilla operations. As a result of that, the country fell into a civil war [[GreyAndGrayMorality between the various revolutionary armies and the government]] that lasted thirty six years and ended only in 1996. Since then, it has recovered the political stability and democratic institutions, but the problems of the long war (including poverty, crime rates, scorched earth and ethnic clashes) still linger today. As an additional consequence of the war, Guatemala has one of the lowest average age of the Western Hemisphere (18.9 Life expectancy is 66 years for men men, and 20 73 for women).
women.
1st Aug '13 3:00:04 AM SeptimusHeap
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The territory of what is now known as Guatemala was once inhabitated by the Maya civilization until around 900 AD, when their civilization collapsed[[hottip:*:nobody knows for sure the reasons, but common theories include Toltec invasion, collapse of trade routes, revolutions, diseases and a massive drought]] and was replaced by local kingdoms. These kingdoms were eventually conquered by the Spanish conqueror army, who established the Captaincy General of Guatemala (composed by Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Mexican state of Chiapas).

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The territory of what is now known as Guatemala was once inhabitated by the Maya civilization until around 900 AD, when their civilization collapsed[[hottip:*:nobody collapsed[[note]]nobody knows for sure the reasons, but common theories include Toltec invasion, collapse of trade routes, revolutions, diseases and a massive drought]] drought[[/note]] and was replaced by local kingdoms. These kingdoms were eventually conquered by the Spanish conqueror army, who established the Captaincy General of Guatemala (composed by Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Mexican state of Chiapas).
10th Feb '13 10:15:55 AM LordGro
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* Rigoberta Menchú, an indigenous woman of K’iche’ ethnicy (the same ethnicy detailed on the PopolVuh), who won the Nobel Peace prize in 1992 for her work helping refugees of the Guatemalan Civil War.

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* Rigoberta Menchú, an indigenous woman of K’iche’ ethnicy (the same ethnicy detailed on the PopolVuh), ''Literature/PopolVuh''), who won the Nobel Peace prize in 1992 for her work helping refugees of the Guatemalan Civil War.
4th Feb '13 6:35:45 PM ElBuenCuate
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* Manuel Estrada, dictator from 1898 to 1920, infamous for allowing the entry of the United Fruit Company to the country (the TropeNamer of the BananaRepublic) and for trying to [[CloudCuckooLander install a cult of Minerva]] (yes, ''[[ClassicalMythology that]]'' [[ClassicalMythology Minerva]]).

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* Doroteo "Mateo" Flores, long distant runner. Won gold in the panamerican Olympics in 1955 and First Place on the Boston Marathon in 1952. Considered the best athlete in the country.
* Manuel Estrada, dictator from 1898 to 1920, infamous for allowing the entry of the United Fruit Company to the country (the TropeNamer of the BananaRepublic) and for trying to [[CloudCuckooLander install a cult of Minerva]] (yes, ''[[ClassicalMythology that]]'' [[ClassicalMythology Minerva]]).that Minerva]]'').
1st Feb '13 12:36:45 AM zero5889
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http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/125px-Flag_of_Guatemala_svg_8819.png

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http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/125px-Flag_of_Guatemala_svg_8819.pngorg/pmwiki/pub/images/guatemala_flag_3566.png
->The central white stripe symbolizes peace and purity, while the sky blue side stripes signifies the skies and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. At the center is the coat-of-arms, featuring a scroll, upon which is written the date of Guatemala's independence (September 15, 1821), atop which is perched a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resplendent_Quetzal Resplendent Quetzal]], the country's national bird whose importance dates back to the Mayas. Behind the two are a pair of crossed swords, representing honor, a pair of crossed rifles, signifying the people's readiness to defend their homeland, and a pair of laurel wreaths, symbolizing victory.
1st Aug '12 7:04:23 AM LordGro
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* Miguel Ángel Asturias, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1967. His most famous book is ''El Señor Presidente'' (''Mister President''), where he analyses the usual characteristics of a Latin American dictator (though his main inspiration was the aforementioned Manuel Estrada).

to:

* Miguel Ángel Asturias, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature NobelPrizeInLiterature in 1967. His most famous book is ''El Señor Presidente'' (''Mister President''), where he analyses the usual characteristics of a Latin American dictator (though his main inspiration was the aforementioned Manuel Estrada).
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