History UsefulNotes / GermanPoliticalPartiesAfterWorldWarII

8th Dec '13 7:11:59 AM htilden42
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Added DiffLines:
In the 2013 election both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the smaller parties. With the FDP not in the Bundestag and the Greens having lost seats, neither the CDU nor the SPD could form a traditional coalition (CDU+FDP or SDP+Greens). Although negotiations are still ongoing as of December 2013, it's pretty much given that the SPD and CDU will form a grand coalition government. The Pirates did not do very well and were not able to increase their share of the vote by all that much. A very different story happened with [=AfD=], a new, anti-Euro party that was formed mostly from disgruntled FDP and CDU voters. [=AfD=] received 4.7% of the vote, not enough to get seats but a good amount considering they weren't a party before April of 2013. Whether [=AfD=] can take advantage of the situation and grow in the coming years or if they'll fall apart as the Eurocrisis becomes less of a major issue remains to be seen.
30th Mar '13 7:01:53 AM richardtrk
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added some info on rep/dvu/npd
* DSU (East) did not merge with any Western party, and faded
to:
* DSU (East) did not merge with any Western party, and mostly faded

A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
to:
A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.

Added DiffLines:
A few years after reunification, In the political pendulum swung back to early 1990s the left side. First rise of Neo-Nazism became a big problem and several parties tried to bring Far Right politics into the Bundestag: Firstly the '''Republikaner''' (Republicans), an offshoot of the CSU who had previously gained 6 seats in the states, then on European Parliament in 1989 got 2,1% of the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining vote in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD 1990 (just slightly less than the PDS) and Greens took office, while also having a majority 1,9% in the Bundesrat (they lost that elections of 1994. With rising competition from further right in form of the '''Deutsche Volksunion''' (DVU) and the re-strengthened NPD the Republikaner faded from view to become a marginalised slighty harsher center-right party. The NPD and the DVU won seats in several East German regional parliaments and were aiming for representation in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when Bundestag missing it consistently. After 2004s ''Deutschlandpakt'' which saw the Oder flood struck and partially two parties cooperating (along with several smaller parties including the afformentioned DSU) the NPD emerged as the stronger party (mostly because of their rejection ties to support smaller Neo-Nazi groups) and draws about 1,5% of the USA popular vote in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But the elections to the Bundestag. An attempt to outlaw the party on the left, same grounds as the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that SRP before it failed in 2003 because the Constitutional Court decided that the undercover agents used to gather information about the party were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in responsible for most of the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading criminal acts commited tied to the formation party. The undercover agents inside the NPD have been a high point of debate in German politics, some (including members of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats. NPD itself) suggesting that the undercover agents are mostly gathering extra money for the NPD and submitting nothing that the police doesn't already now. A second attempt at outlawing the party is currently underway.
11th Mar '13 4:15:28 PM notafraid
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Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they wound never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.
to:
Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they wound would never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.
11th Nov '12 6:55:01 PM karstovich2
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* PDS (East) did not merge with any Western party
to:
* PDS (East) did not merge with any Western partyparty (at the time...see below)
8th Sep '12 11:34:30 AM karstovich2
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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
to:
A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
8th Sep '12 11:34:17 AM karstovich2
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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
to:
A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--until delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
8th Sep '12 11:33:36 AM karstovich2
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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--the Kohl coalition had been declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
to:
A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--the delayed--until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
8th Sep '12 11:31:33 AM karstovich2
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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
to:
A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--the Kohl coalition had been declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.
16th Aug '12 11:01:46 PM HalcyonDayz
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Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded. These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they wound never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.
to:
Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded.founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they wound never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.

Other groups left the party, which then developed two wings: Fundis saw their party as shining beacon people would eventually follow, while Realos wanted to reach actual change in government by compromise. Hardline Fundis eventually left, but a strong left wing remained. Greens were elected into state and federal parliaments, but badly overplayed their hands both after Chernobyl and after reunification, scaring away voters.
to:
Other groups left the party, which then developed two wings: Fundis saw their party as a shining beacon people would eventually follow, while Realos wanted to reach actual change in government by compromise. Hardline Fundis eventually left, but a strong left wing remained. Greens were elected into state and federal parliaments, but badly overplayed their hands both after Chernobyl and after reunification, scaring away voters.
6th Jul '12 6:43:12 AM Lock
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---- <<|UsefulNotes/{{Germany}}|>>
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---- <<|UsefulNotes/{{Germany}}|>>----
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