History UsefulNotes / GermanPoliticalPartiesAfterWorldWarII

26th Aug '16 3:15:30 AM Morgenthaler
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The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.

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The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and TheBerlinRepublic.UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.



In the first years of TheBerlinRepublic, the West German party system was carbon copied to the East, with most restored Eastern states electing CDU governments, mostly in coalition with the FDP.

'''''TheBerlinRepublic''''' (since the mid Nineties)

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In the first years of TheBerlinRepublic, UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic, the West German party system was carbon copied to the East, with most restored Eastern states electing CDU governments, mostly in coalition with the FDP.

'''''TheBerlinRepublic''''' '''''UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic''''' (since the mid Nineties)
29th Mar '16 5:02:12 AM Jhonny
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In the 2013 election both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the smaller parties. With the FDP not in the Bundestag and the Greens having lost seats, neither the CDU nor the SPD could form a traditional coalition (CDU+FDP or SDP+Greens). Although negotiations are still ongoing as of December 2013, it's pretty much given that the SPD and CDU will form a grand coalition government.
The Pirates did not do very well and were not able to increase their share of the vote by all that much. A very different story happened with [=AfD=], a new, anti-Euro party that was formed mostly from disgruntled FDP and CDU voters. [=AfD=] received 4.7% of the vote, not enough to get seats but a good amount considering they weren't a party before April of 2013. Whether [=AfD=] can take advantage of the situation and grow in the coming years or if they'll fall apart as the Eurocrisis becomes less of a major issue remains to be seen.

to:

In the 2013 election both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the smaller parties. With the FDP not in the Bundestag and the Greens having lost seats, neither the CDU nor the SPD could form a traditional coalition (CDU+FDP or SDP+Greens). Although negotiations are were still ongoing as of December 2013, it's pretty much given that the SPD and CDU will form ultimately formed a grand coalition government.
The Pirates did not do very well and were not able to increase their share of the vote by all that much. A very different story happened with [=AfD=], a new, anti-Euro party that was formed mostly from disgruntled FDP and CDU voters. [=AfD=] received 4.7% of the vote, not enough to get seats but a good amount considering they weren't a party before April of 2013. Whether [=AfD=] can take advantage of the situation and grow in the coming years or if they'll fall apart as the Eurocrisis becomes less of a major issue remains to be seen.
seen. While the FDP is slowly gaining ground and has made its way back into some state parliaments, the Pirate Party has been all but eliminated (even though they still have some seats in state parliaments due to their former electoral successes). However, the most important development was the rise of the [=AfD=]. While the Euro crisis has been overshadowed by another topic, they moved further to the political right (including many social conservative stances formerly held by the CDU/CSU and anti-immigrant stances reminiscent of the NPD) and due in part to the refugee/migrant crisis gained big in the 2016 state elections. In fact, the gains by the [=AfD=] were so big that in some states an SPD-CDU grand coalition would not have a majority of the seats, something which has not happened since the consolidation of the party system in the 1950s.
29th Mar '16 4:53:15 AM Jhonny
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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life.

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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life.
life - mostly on the East German vote.
29th Mar '16 4:49:23 AM Jhonny
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The West German states were ruled either by either SPD or CDU/CSU, in some cases with absolute majority, in others in coalition with the FDP.

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The West German states were ruled either by either SPD or CDU/CSU, in some cases with absolute majority, in others in coalition with the FDP.
29th Mar '16 4:48:49 AM Jhonny
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The short "grand coalition" between CDU/CSU and SPD between 1966 and 1969 convinced people on both sides that their side had sold out. On the right, the far-right '''NPD''' was elected to some state parliaments, while on the left, the student movement (68ers) protests flared up (though not as bad as in France), but at first didn't form a party (the communist DKP had the support of the Soviets, but not of the 68ers). Then the "social-liberal" SPD-FDP coalition was formed, and the NPD fortunes waned quickly, while on the left the 68ers tried to create niches for their ideas about society.

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The short "grand coalition" "[[EnemyMine grand coalition]]" between CDU/CSU and SPD between 1966 and 1969 convinced people on both sides that their side had sold out. On the right, the far-right '''NPD''' was elected to some state parliaments, while on the left, the student movement (68ers) protests flared up (though not as bad as in France), but at first didn't form a party (the communist DKP had the support of the Soviets, but not of the 68ers). Then the "social-liberal" SPD-FDP coalition was formed, and the NPD fortunes waned quickly, while on the left the 68ers tried to create niches for their ideas about society.
29th Mar '16 4:46:54 AM Jhonny
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The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again.

to:

The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again.
again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.
29th Mar '16 4:44:33 AM Jhonny
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Then the trouble around "Stuttgart 21" started, a billion-euro project to build a new train station and railways underground, while putting areas currently used for railways for development. Opponents said it was much too expensive and that the Deutsche Bahn AG was the only one profiting from it. The state government of Baden-Württemberg supported it. Half a year before the state election the situation escalated when the police used strong water cannons, and protesting high schoolers and pensioners were hit. Then it turned out the police had order to be tough to unmask the protesters as chaots; that backfired immensely, and the government lost support while the Greens, who were against the project, gained.

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Then the trouble around "Stuttgart 21" started, a billion-euro project to build a new train station and railways underground, while putting areas currently used for railways for development. Opponents said it was much too expensive and that the Deutsche Bahn UsefulNotes/DeutscheBahn AG was the only one profiting from it. The state government of Baden-Württemberg supported it. Half a year before the state election the situation escalated when the police used strong water cannons, and protesting high schoolers and pensioners were hit. Then it turned out the police had order to be tough to unmask the protesters as chaots; that backfired immensely, and the government lost support while the Greens, who were against the project, gained.
8th Dec '13 7:11:59 AM htilden42
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Added DiffLines:

In the 2013 election both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the smaller parties. With the FDP not in the Bundestag and the Greens having lost seats, neither the CDU nor the SPD could form a traditional coalition (CDU+FDP or SDP+Greens). Although negotiations are still ongoing as of December 2013, it's pretty much given that the SPD and CDU will form a grand coalition government.
The Pirates did not do very well and were not able to increase their share of the vote by all that much. A very different story happened with [=AfD=], a new, anti-Euro party that was formed mostly from disgruntled FDP and CDU voters. [=AfD=] received 4.7% of the vote, not enough to get seats but a good amount considering they weren't a party before April of 2013. Whether [=AfD=] can take advantage of the situation and grow in the coming years or if they'll fall apart as the Eurocrisis becomes less of a major issue remains to be seen.
30th Mar '13 7:01:53 AM richardtrk
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* DSU (East) did not merge with any Western party, and faded

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* DSU (East) did not merge with any Western party, and mostly faded



A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.

to:

A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life. life.

In 1998, a "red-green coalition" of SPD and Greens took office, while also having a majority in the Bundesrat (they lost that in the very next year, though). Red-green was reelected in 2002, partially because of Chancellor Schröder helping when the Oder flood struck and partially because of their rejection to support the USA in a possible Iraq war (modern Germans rather hate war). But on the left, the business-friendly and welfare-cutting "Hartz reforms" (that were made harsher when they needed CDU/CSU-support in the Bundesrat) made red-green unpopular, leading to the formation of the WASG by disgruntled former Social Democrats.


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In the early 1990s the rise of Neo-Nazism became a big problem and several parties tried to bring Far Right politics into the Bundestag: Firstly the '''Republikaner''' (Republicans), an offshoot of the CSU who had previously gained 6 seats in the European Parliament in 1989 got 2,1% of the vote in the elections of 1990 (just slightly less than the PDS) and 1,9% in the elections of 1994. With rising competition from further right in form of the '''Deutsche Volksunion''' (DVU) and the re-strengthened NPD the Republikaner faded from view to become a marginalised slighty harsher center-right party. The NPD and the DVU won seats in several East German regional parliaments and were aiming for representation in the Bundestag missing it consistently. After 2004s ''Deutschlandpakt'' which saw the two parties cooperating (along with several smaller parties including the afformentioned DSU) the NPD emerged as the stronger party (mostly because of their ties to smaller Neo-Nazi groups) and draws about 1,5% of the popular vote in the elections to the Bundestag.
An attempt to outlaw the party on the same grounds as the SRP before it failed in 2003 because the Constitutional Court decided that the undercover agents used to gather information about the party were responsible for most of the criminal acts commited tied to the party. The undercover agents inside the NPD have been a high point of debate in German politics, some (including members of the NPD itself) suggesting that the undercover agents are mostly gathering extra money for the NPD and submitting nothing that the police doesn't already now. A second attempt at outlawing the party is currently underway.
11th Mar '13 4:15:28 PM notafraid
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Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they wound never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.

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Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they wound would never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.
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