History UsefulNotes / GermanPoliticalPartiesAfterWorldWarII

25th Dec '17 4:52:05 AM TheOneWhoTropes
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Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they would never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.

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Shortly after the war ended in 1945, the largest parties were founded (or refounded). These were on the left the '''SPD''' ('''Social Democratic Party''') and '''KPD''' ('''Communist Party''') which both had existed in the WeimarRepublic, UsefulNotes/WeimarRepublic, while on the right the parties were new: the '''CDU''' ('''Christian Democratic Union''') attracted members from centrists Christians to national conservatives, while the '''FDP''' ('''Free Democratic Party''') attracted members from liberal democrats to national liberals. In Bavaria, the '''CSU''' ('''Christian Social Union''') was founded, and CDU and CSU made an agreement that they would never run against each other. Soon, in the Soviet zone the KPD and SPD were merged to the '''SED''' ('''Socialist Unity Party'''), while in the West they remained separate.
24th Nov '17 9:58:56 AM nombretomado
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'''''EastGermany''''' (from Fifties to mid Nineties)

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'''''EastGermany''''' '''''UsefulNotes/EastGermany''''' (from Fifties to mid Nineties)



In EastGermany, the ruling communist SED did not dissolve the other parties as the Nazis had done, but instead made them part of the system. These parties (Christian Democrats, Liberal Democrats, National Democrats, and Peasants) always followed the suggestions of the SED, so it didn't matter that the SED nominally didn't have the majority in the East German parliament, the ''Volkskammer'' (People's Chamber). Elections were nominally held, but through arrangements or outright fraud, the power balance never shifted.

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In EastGermany, UsefulNotes/EastGermany, the ruling communist SED did not dissolve the other parties as the Nazis had done, but instead made them part of the system. These parties (Christian Democrats, Liberal Democrats, National Democrats, and Peasants) always followed the suggestions of the SED, so it didn't matter that the SED nominally didn't have the majority in the East German parliament, the ''Volkskammer'' (People's Chamber). Elections were nominally held, but through arrangements or outright fraud, the power balance never shifted.
23rd Oct '17 7:10:07 AM Jhonny
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Around 1980, large anti-nuclear and pacifist protest movements gave rise to the '''Greens'''. Some of the figures of 1968 - among them Rudi Dutschke - were among the founding members of teh Greens, but it would be wrong to simply call them the "parliamentary arm" of the 1968 movement. Many groups from far left to far right were involved during the formation, but the party's eventual program was for more social equality, democracy, feminism and individualism and against nuclear energy and NATO.

to:

Around 1980, large anti-nuclear and pacifist protest movements gave rise to the '''Greens'''. Some of the figures of 1968 - among them Rudi Dutschke - were among the founding members of teh the Greens, but it would be wrong to simply call them the "parliamentary arm" of the 1968 movement. Many groups from far left to far right were involved during the formation, but the party's eventual program was for more social equality, democracy, feminism and individualism and against nuclear energy and NATO.
21st Oct '17 2:59:55 PM nombretomado
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The development of the party system in Germany after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.

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The development of the party system in Germany after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany UsefulNotes/WestGermany / EastGermany UsefulNotes/EastGermany and UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.



A number of smaller parties were also founded, of special note those founded by people expelled from previously German territories that were annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union (large parts of eastern Poland were also annexed by the Soviet Union, expelling Poles that partially settled in the previously German territories). In the early years of WestGermany, all parties except the KPD demanded the annexed territories back for Germany. This view slowly changed, and after reunification even most of the CDU/CSU opted for friendship with the East European nations instead of making demands.

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A number of smaller parties were also founded, of special note those founded by people expelled from previously German territories that were annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union (large parts of eastern Poland were also annexed by the Soviet Union, expelling Poles that partially settled in the previously German territories). In the early years of WestGermany, UsefulNotes/WestGermany, all parties except the KPD demanded the annexed territories back for Germany. This view slowly changed, and after reunification even most of the CDU/CSU opted for friendship with the East European nations instead of making demands.



'''''WestGermany''''' (from late Fifties to mid Nineties)

While WestGermany was formed in 1949, its party system reached a stable form about a decade later, when it just consisted of three (or four) parties in the German parliaments:

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'''''WestGermany''''' '''''West Germany''''' (from late Fifties to mid Nineties)

While WestGermany West Germany was formed in 1949, its party system reached a stable form about a decade later, when it just consisted of three (or four) parties in the German parliaments:
30th Jun '17 9:44:28 AM Jhonny
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Around 1980, large anti-nuclear and pacifist protest movements gave rise to the '''Greens'''. Many groups from far left to far right were involved during the formation, but the party's eventual program was for more social equality, democracy, feminism and individualism and against nuclear energy and NATO.

to:

Around 1980, large anti-nuclear and pacifist protest movements gave rise to the '''Greens'''. Some of the figures of 1968 - among them Rudi Dutschke - were among the founding members of teh Greens, but it would be wrong to simply call them the "parliamentary arm" of the 1968 movement. Many groups from far left to far right were involved during the formation, but the party's eventual program was for more social equality, democracy, feminism and individualism and against nuclear energy and NATO.
24th Jun '17 9:52:08 AM nombretomado
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The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.

'''''Formative Years''''' (from end of WorldWarTwo to late Fifties)

to:

The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarII went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.

'''''Formative Years''''' (from end of WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarII to late Fifties)
26th Aug '16 3:15:30 AM Morgenthaler
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The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.

to:

The development of the party system in Germany after WorldWarTwo went roughly through three phases: Formative Years, WestGermany / EastGermany and TheBerlinRepublic.UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic. Recent developments after the federal elections of 2009 have shook the political spectrum again and as of the state elections of 2016, it does not seem to have settled into a "new normal" yet.



In the first years of TheBerlinRepublic, the West German party system was carbon copied to the East, with most restored Eastern states electing CDU governments, mostly in coalition with the FDP.

'''''TheBerlinRepublic''''' (since the mid Nineties)

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In the first years of TheBerlinRepublic, UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic, the West German party system was carbon copied to the East, with most restored Eastern states electing CDU governments, mostly in coalition with the FDP.

'''''TheBerlinRepublic''''' '''''UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic''''' (since the mid Nineties)
29th Mar '16 5:02:12 AM Jhonny
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In the 2013 election both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the smaller parties. With the FDP not in the Bundestag and the Greens having lost seats, neither the CDU nor the SPD could form a traditional coalition (CDU+FDP or SDP+Greens). Although negotiations are still ongoing as of December 2013, it's pretty much given that the SPD and CDU will form a grand coalition government.
The Pirates did not do very well and were not able to increase their share of the vote by all that much. A very different story happened with [=AfD=], a new, anti-Euro party that was formed mostly from disgruntled FDP and CDU voters. [=AfD=] received 4.7% of the vote, not enough to get seats but a good amount considering they weren't a party before April of 2013. Whether [=AfD=] can take advantage of the situation and grow in the coming years or if they'll fall apart as the Eurocrisis becomes less of a major issue remains to be seen.

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In the 2013 election both the SPD and CDU/CSU gained seats at the expense of the smaller parties. With the FDP not in the Bundestag and the Greens having lost seats, neither the CDU nor the SPD could form a traditional coalition (CDU+FDP or SDP+Greens). Although negotiations are were still ongoing as of December 2013, it's pretty much given that the SPD and CDU will form ultimately formed a grand coalition government.
The Pirates did not do very well and were not able to increase their share of the vote by all that much. A very different story happened with [=AfD=], a new, anti-Euro party that was formed mostly from disgruntled FDP and CDU voters. [=AfD=] received 4.7% of the vote, not enough to get seats but a good amount considering they weren't a party before April of 2013. Whether [=AfD=] can take advantage of the situation and grow in the coming years or if they'll fall apart as the Eurocrisis becomes less of a major issue remains to be seen.
seen. While the FDP is slowly gaining ground and has made its way back into some state parliaments, the Pirate Party has been all but eliminated (even though they still have some seats in state parliaments due to their former electoral successes). However, the most important development was the rise of the [=AfD=]. While the Euro crisis has been overshadowed by another topic, they moved further to the political right (including many social conservative stances formerly held by the CDU/CSU and anti-immigrant stances reminiscent of the NPD) and due in part to the refugee/migrant crisis gained big in the 2016 state elections. In fact, the gains by the [=AfD=] were so big that in some states an SPD-CDU grand coalition would not have a majority of the seats, something which has not happened since the consolidation of the party system in the 1950s.
29th Mar '16 4:53:15 AM Jhonny
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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life.

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A few years after reunification, the political pendulum swung back to the left side. First in the states, then on the federal level the SPD won elections. This was actually rather delayed--from shortly after the election of 1987 until late 1989, the Kohl coalition had been steadily declining in the polls and had actually been expected to lose the West German elections expected for 1991, but reunification gave them a few more years of life.
life - mostly on the East German vote.
29th Mar '16 4:49:23 AM Jhonny
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The West German states were ruled either by either SPD or CDU/CSU, in some cases with absolute majority, in others in coalition with the FDP.

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The West German states were ruled either by either SPD or CDU/CSU, in some cases with absolute majority, in others in coalition with the FDP.
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