History UsefulNotes / ESA

20th Oct '16 9:31:00 PM Ferot_Dreadnaught
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* Regrettably, in the 2007 ''Film/{{Transformers}}'' movie, the ''Beagle 2'' lander [[http://transformers.wikia.com/wiki/Beagle_2_Rover is presented as]] ''[[WeAllLiveInAmerica an American]]'' probe, created by UsefulNotes/{{NASA}}. Worse yet, it's outward appearance is ''[[TheyJustDidntCare completely different]]'', more like that of the ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Spirit]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure and]] ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Opportunity]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure rovers]]. According to the film, the Decepticons were probably behind the probe's infamous malfunction, but it's kept rather vague.

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* Regrettably, in the 2007 ''Film/{{Transformers}}'' movie, the ''Beagle 2'' lander [[http://transformers.wikia.com/wiki/Beagle_2_Rover is presented as]] ''[[WeAllLiveInAmerica an American]]'' probe, created by UsefulNotes/{{NASA}}. Worse yet, it's outward appearance is ''[[TheyJustDidntCare completely different]]'', ''completely different'', more like that of the ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Spirit]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure and]] ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Opportunity]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure rovers]]. According to the film, the Decepticons were probably behind the probe's infamous malfunction, but it's kept rather vague.
8th Oct '16 6:41:48 AM ZemplinTemplar
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* ''Once upon a time...'', a series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbyvawxScNbui_Ncl9uQ_fXLOjS4sNSd8 Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission. A look behind the scenes is available [[http://www.capjournal.org/issues/19/19_12.pdf here]].

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* ''Once upon a time...'', a series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA.ESA by Design & Data GmbH. [[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbyvawxScNbui_Ncl9uQ_fXLOjS4sNSd8 Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission. A look behind the scenes is available [[http://www.capjournal.org/issues/19/19_12.pdf here]].
8th Oct '16 6:16:20 AM ZemplinTemplar
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* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbyvawxScNbui_Ncl9uQ_fXLOjS4sNSd8 Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission.

to:

* A ''Once upon a time...'', a series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbyvawxScNbui_Ncl9uQ_fXLOjS4sNSd8 Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission. A look behind the scenes is available [[http://www.capjournal.org/issues/19/19_12.pdf here]].
4th Oct '16 6:38:25 AM Morgenthaler
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*** The proposed space probe [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDA_%28spacecraft%29 AIDA]] (Yes, a [[PunnyName punny reference to]] the [[Music/GiuseppeVerdi Verdi]] [[{{Aida}} opera]], otherwise meaning '''A'''steroid '''I'''mpact & '''D'''eflection '''A'''ssessment).

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*** The proposed space probe [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDA_%28spacecraft%29 AIDA]] (Yes, a [[PunnyName punny reference to]] the [[Music/GiuseppeVerdi Verdi]] [[{{Aida}} [[Theatre/{{Aida}} opera]], otherwise meaning '''A'''steroid '''I'''mpact & '''D'''eflection '''A'''ssessment).
3rd Oct '16 2:01:02 PM ZemplinTemplar
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*** Due to the ''Rosetta'' probe's [[ShoutOutThemeNaming name referencing]] the Rosetta Stone, ancient Egyptian names abound in the project. The probe's two custom-built photocameras are called [[FunWithAcronyms OSIRIS]]. Much of the geography of comet 67P/Churymuvo-Gerasimenko [[http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2015/01/22/getting-to-know-rosettas-comet-science-special-edition/ received]] names based on Egyptian deities (with regions such as Bastet, Hapi, Seth, Nut, Ma'at, Anubis, Serqet) or Rosetta Stone related Egyptian geography {''Philae'''s original landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agilkia_Island Agilkia]] - after the eponymous island; ''Philae'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abydos,_Egypt Abydos]] - one of the oldest Egyptian cities; ''Rosetta'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sais,_Egypt Sais]] - the Rosetta Stone's possible original location).

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*** Due to the ''Rosetta'' probe's [[ShoutOutThemeNaming name referencing]] the Rosetta Stone, ancient Egyptian names abound in the project. The probe's two custom-built photocameras are called [[FunWithAcronyms OSIRIS]]. Much of the geography of comet 67P/Churymuvo-Gerasimenko [[http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2015/01/22/getting-to-know-rosettas-comet-science-special-edition/ received]] names based on Egyptian deities (with regions such as Bastet, Hapi, Seth, Nut, Ma'at, Anubis, Serqet) or Rosetta Stone related Egyptian geography {''Philae'''s (''Philae''s original landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agilkia_Island Agilkia]] - after the eponymous island; ''Philae'''s ''Philae''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abydos,_Egypt Abydos]] - one of the oldest Egyptian cities; ''Rosetta'''s ''Rosetta''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sais,_Egypt Sais]] - the Rosetta Stone's possible original location).
3rd Oct '16 1:54:13 PM ZemplinTemplar
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*** Due to the ''Rosetta'' probe's [[ShoutOutThemeNaming name referencing]] the Rosetta Stone, ancient Egyptian names abound in the project. The probe's two custom-built photocameras are called [[FunWithAcronyms OSIRIS]]. Much of the geography of comet 67P/Churymuvo-Gerasimenko [[http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2015/01/22/getting-to-know-rosettas-comet-science-special-edition/ received]] names based on Egyptian deities (with regions such as Bastet, Hapi, Seth, Nut, Ma'at, Anubis, Serqet) or Rosetta Stone related Egyptian geography {''Philae'''s original landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agilkia_Island Agilkia]] - after the island]]; ''Philae'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abydos,_Egypt Abydos]] - one of the oldest Egyptian cities; ''Rosetta'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sais,_Egypt Sais]] - the Rosetta Stone's possible original location).

to:

*** Due to the ''Rosetta'' probe's [[ShoutOutThemeNaming name referencing]] the Rosetta Stone, ancient Egyptian names abound in the project. The probe's two custom-built photocameras are called [[FunWithAcronyms OSIRIS]]. Much of the geography of comet 67P/Churymuvo-Gerasimenko [[http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2015/01/22/getting-to-know-rosettas-comet-science-special-edition/ received]] names based on Egyptian deities (with regions such as Bastet, Hapi, Seth, Nut, Ma'at, Anubis, Serqet) or Rosetta Stone related Egyptian geography {''Philae'''s original landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agilkia_Island Agilkia]] - after the island]]; eponymous island; ''Philae'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abydos,_Egypt Abydos]] - one of the oldest Egyptian cities; ''Rosetta'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sais,_Egypt Sais]] - the Rosetta Stone's possible original location).



* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission.

to:

* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS com/playlist?list=PLbyvawxScNbui_Ncl9uQ_fXLOjS4sNSd8 Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission.
3rd Oct '16 1:51:48 PM ZemplinTemplar
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*** Due to the ''Rosetta'' probe's [[ShoutOutThemeNaming name referencing]] the Rosetta Stone, ancient Egyptian names abound in the project. The probe's two custom-built photocameras are called [[FunWithAcronyms OSIRIS]]. Much of the geography of comet 67P/Churymuvo-Gerasimenko [[http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2015/01/22/getting-to-know-rosettas-comet-science-special-edition/ received]] names based on Egyptian deities (with regions such as Bastet, Hapi, Seth, Nut, Ma'at, Anubis, Serqet) or Rosetta Stone related Egyptian geography {''Philae'''s original landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agilkia_Island Agilkia]] - after the island]]; ''Philae'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abydos,_Egypt Abydos]] - one of the oldest Egyptian cities; ''Rosetta'''s final landing site, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sais,_Egypt Sais]] - the Rosetta Stone's possible original location).



* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lptDXWyxj0&list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback.

to:

* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about ''Rosetta'' and ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lptDXWyxj0&list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS com/playlist?list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback. The cartoon's final episode was aired shortly after the end of the Rosetta mission.
12th Jan '16 8:19:03 PM LtFedora
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Added DiffLines:

* Astronaut Alex Vogel in ''Film/TheMartian'' is a German member of the ESA for ARES III, NASA's third manned mission to Mars. At the end of the film, a British astronaut can be seen launching with ARES V.
26th Aug '15 8:22:18 PM HeraldAlberich
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In the pre-ESA days, the space initiatives of European countries used spaceports based in Europe, east Africa and Australia. Since the 1970s, Kourou in French Guiana had been chosen as the site of the main European spaceport. After ESA formed in 1975, it inherited the spaceport ("Guiana Space Centre") and co-administers it with the French government and the launch vehicle providers.

Despite a history of setbacks and lower budgets than those available to the Americans and Russians, ESA has enjoyed successes with its many ambitious space probe missions (''Giotto'', ''Mars Express'', ''Venus Express'', ''Rossetta'', etc.), the ''Ariane'' and ''Vega'' series of launch vehicles, the orbital laboratories ''Spacelab'' (flown aboard NASA's Space Shuttle) and ''Columbus'' (part of the ISS), as well as the man-rated ATV resupply spacecraft.

In a recent MomentOfAwesome for ESA, UsefulNotes/{{NASA}} has [[http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Research/ESA_workhorse_to_power_NASA_s_Orion_spacecraft struck a deal]] with it about providing a licensed version of the ATV's propulsion module for the MPCV ''Orion'' manned spacecraft. Another major success in recent times was the Rosetta mission, in which the titular probe not only surveyed a comet up close, but also successfully sent down its lander Philae to its surface. The lander peformed the first ever (soft) landing on a comet in history.

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In the pre-ESA days, the space initiatives of European countries used spaceports based in Europe, east Africa and Australia. Since the 1970s, Kourou in French Guiana had has been chosen as the site of the main European spaceport. After ESA formed in 1975, it inherited the spaceport ("Guiana Space Centre") and co-administers it with the French government and the launch vehicle providers.

Despite a history of setbacks and lower budgets than those available to the Americans and Russians, ESA has enjoyed successes with its many ambitious space probe missions (''Giotto'', ''Mars Express'', ''Venus Express'', ''Rossetta'', ''Rosetta'', etc.), the ''Ariane'' and ''Vega'' series of launch vehicles, the orbital laboratories ''Spacelab'' (flown aboard NASA's Space Shuttle) and ''Columbus'' (part of the ISS), as well as the man-rated ATV resupply spacecraft.

In a recent MomentOfAwesome for ESA, UsefulNotes/{{NASA}} has [[http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Research/ESA_workhorse_to_power_NASA_s_Orion_spacecraft struck a deal]] with it about providing a licensed version of the ATV's propulsion module for the MPCV ''Orion'' manned spacecraft. Another major success in recent times was the Rosetta ''Rosetta'' mission, in which the titular probe not only surveyed a comet up close, but also successfully sent down its lander Philae ''Philae'' to its surface. The lander peformed performed the first ever (soft) landing on a comet in history.



!!Tropes about ESA :
* CashCowFranchise: Ariane, sort of... The early days of the Ariane series of rockets were rough and uncertain, but ever since the Ariane 4 established itself as a dependable commercial launcher in the late 80s and early 90s, the Ariane series became one of the most profitable commercial launch vehicles around. The Ariane 5, while [[WhatCouldHaveBeen originally developed for more grandiose purposes]] and being somewhat pricier to construct, has taken on Ariane 4's mantel with great success and launches clusters of multiple commercial and scientific satellites on a regular basis. The currently in development Ariane 6 is planned as a mid-range supplement to the heavier Ariane 5, as well as the lighter Vega. Nowadays, there are also concerns about the Ariane launchers being able to stay competitive with newly rising spaceflight companies, such as UsefulNotes/{{SpaceX}}. (As a small tip, you can watch Ariane launches live or on archived videos at [[http://www.cnes.fr/web/CNES-en/10082-follow-ariane-launch-live.php this website]].)

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!!Tropes about ESA :
ESA:
* CashCowFranchise: Ariane, sort of... The early days of the Ariane series of rockets were rough and uncertain, but ever since the Ariane 4 established itself as a dependable commercial launcher in the late 80s and early 90s, the Ariane series became one of the most profitable commercial launch vehicles around. The Ariane 5, while [[WhatCouldHaveBeen originally developed for more grandiose purposes]] and being somewhat pricier to construct, has taken on Ariane 4's mantel with great success and launches clusters of multiple commercial and scientific satellites on a regular basis. The currently in development in-development Ariane 6 is planned as a mid-range supplement to the heavier Ariane 5, as well as the lighter Vega. Nowadays, there are also concerns about the Ariane launchers being able to stay competitive with newly rising spaceflight companies, such as UsefulNotes/{{SpaceX}}. (As a small tip, you can watch Ariane launches live or on archived videos at [[http://www.cnes.fr/web/CNES-en/10082-follow-ariane-launch-live.php this website]].)



* TheFederation[=/=]MultinationalTeam : Unlike UsefulNotes/{{NASA}}, UsefulNotes/{{JAXA}}, [[UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} RKA]], [[UsefulNotes/{{China}} CNSA]] or [[UsefulNotes/{{India}} ISRO]], ESA is not a single national space agency, but more like a space agency of space agencies - an international organization tightly incorporating the national space agencies or space research bureaus [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Space_Agency#Member_states_and_budget of its European member states]]. Even non-European countries the likes of Canada, Israel and Turkey also have close cooperation agreements with ESA, and of course NASA and ESA have a close working relationship.

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* TheFederation[=/=]MultinationalTeam : Unlike UsefulNotes/{{NASA}}, UsefulNotes/{{JAXA}}, [[UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} RKA]], [[UsefulNotes/{{China}} CNSA]] or [[UsefulNotes/{{India}} ISRO]], ESA is not a single national space agency, but more like a space agency of space agencies - an agencies--an international organization tightly incorporating the national space agencies or space research bureaus [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Space_Agency#Member_states_and_budget of its European member states]]. Even non-European countries countries, including the likes of Canada, Israel and Turkey Turkey, also have close cooperation agreements with ESA, and of course NASA and ESA have a close working relationship.



* NoBudget: Actually a rather large budget, of 4 billion euros, it is still small fry compared to that of NASA. The head of the ''Beagle'' team remarked, when ''Curiosity'' touched down on Mars, that he found the images of the large NASA control room quite touching, since ''Beagle'''s control room had been three men in a cupboard. Unlike NASA, however, the ESA's budget had steadily increased since it's inception, so this trope is averted these days.
* PintsizedPowerhouse: The new ''Vega'' class of lighter, more inexpensive rockets was developed precisely because ESA was in need of a commercial and scientific satellite launcher that wouldn't be as demanding as the Ariane 5. While the ''Ariane'' series has a high quality and succesful pedigree, it is often too overpowered or overengineered for many simpler, less demanding missions.
* ScienceHero: It was kind of ESA's [[PlanetOfHats hat]] in the eyes of other space agencies, especially during its earlier history, when it was far more dependent on others in terms of launch capabilities. The stereotype went that ESA is just a lazy freeloader who can't do any flights on his own, yet is obssesed with making experiments and astronomical surveys in Earth orbit, etc. Though the stereotype has died down in the last two decades thanks to increasing advances towards a fully European launch/spaceflight capability and ESA's [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_contribution_to_the_International_Space_Station contributions to the ISS]], ESA is still often seen as a "astronomy and research first, spaceflight tech second" space agency. In fairness, the slower pace of the technology developments was and is mainly due to the international character of the agency and the smaller budgets it has for such things when compared with the Americans or the Russians.

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* NoBudget: Actually a rather large budget, of 4 billion euros, it is still small fry compared to that of NASA. The head of the ''Beagle'' team remarked, when ''Curiosity'' touched down on Mars, that he found the images of the large NASA control room quite touching, since ''Beagle'''s control room had been three men in a cupboard. Unlike NASA, however, the ESA's budget had steadily increased since it's its inception, so this trope is averted these days.
* PintsizedPowerhouse: The new ''Vega'' class of lighter, more inexpensive rockets was developed precisely because ESA was in need of a commercial and scientific satellite launcher that wouldn't be as demanding as the Ariane 5. While the ''Ariane'' series has a high quality and succesful successful pedigree, it is often too overpowered or overengineered for many simpler, less demanding missions.
* ScienceHero: It was kind of ESA's [[PlanetOfHats hat]] in the eyes of other space agencies, especially during its earlier history, when it was far more dependent on others in terms of launch capabilities. The stereotype went that ESA is just a lazy freeloader who can't do any flights on his own, yet is obssesed obsessed with making experiments and astronomical surveys in Earth orbit, etc. Though the stereotype has died down in the last two decades thanks to increasing advances towards a fully European launch/spaceflight capability and ESA's [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_contribution_to_the_International_Space_Station contributions to the ISS]], ESA is still often seen as a "astronomy and research first, spaceflight tech second" space agency. In fairness, the slower pace of the technology developments was and is mainly due to the international character of the agency and the smaller budgets it has for such things when compared with the Americans or the Russians.



* ThemeNaming: ESA sure loves this trope ! Observe...

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* ThemeNaming: ESA sure loves this trope ! trope! Observe...



*** The solar research probe [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_and_Heliospheric_Observatory SOHO]] (Reference to London or simply the '''So'''lar and '''H'''eliospheric '''O'''bservatory ? You be the judge !).

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*** The solar research probe [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_and_Heliospheric_Observatory SOHO]] (Reference to London or simply the '''So'''lar and '''H'''eliospheric '''O'''bservatory ? '''O'''bservatory? You be the judge !).judge!).



*** Probably the king of this trope when it comes to ESA : The recently announced space probe [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter_Icy_Moons_Explorer JUICE]] ('''Ju'''piter '''Ic'''y Moons '''E'''xplorer).

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*** Probably the king of this trope when it comes to ESA : ESA: The recently announced space probe [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter_Icy_Moons_Explorer JUICE]] ('''Ju'''piter '''Ic'''y Moons '''E'''xplorer).



*** The ''Ariane'' series of launch vehicles gets its name from [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ariadne Ariadne]] (from the Greek myth about Theseus and the Minotaur in the labyrinth of Crete). "Ariane" is a French rendering of the name Ariadne. The ''Ariane'' series' predecessor, the ''Europa'' class of launch vehicles, was a double reference - to the continent of Europe itself and to the mythological female character the continent was named after, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europa_%28mythology%29 Europa]].

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*** The ''Ariane'' series of launch vehicles gets its name from [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ariadne Ariadne]] (from the Greek myth about Theseus and the Minotaur in the labyrinth of Crete). "Ariane" is a French rendering of the name Ariadne. The ''Ariane'' series' predecessor, the ''Europa'' class of launch vehicles, was a double reference - to reference--to the continent of Europe itself and to the mythological female character the continent was named after, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europa_%28mythology%29 Europa]].



*** The cometary probe ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giotto_%28spacecraft%29 Giotto]]'', named after the Italian [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giotto_di_Bondone Renaissance painter and architect]]. It was [[UnderdogsNeverLose the only probe out of a competing group of five]] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0YwrcZVM1MA to fly closely]] to Halley's Comet in 1986 and examine it from a fairly close distance. An early MomentOfAwesome for ESA.

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*** The cometary probe ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giotto_%28spacecraft%29 Giotto]]'', named after the Italian [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giotto_di_Bondone Renaissance painter and architect]]. It was [[UnderdogsNeverLose the only probe out of a competing group of five]] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0YwrcZVM1MA to fly closely]] to Halley's Comet in 1986 and examine it from a fairly close distance. An early MomentOfAwesome SugarWiki/MomentOfAwesome for ESA.



*** Another unusual rendering of a "named after a personality" spacecraft name is the proposed ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MarcoPolo-R MarcoPolo-R]]'' space probe. XtremeKoolLetterz, [[RunningGag anyone ?]] Who knows what the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Polo medieval Venetian explorer]] would think about it all...

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*** Another unusual rendering of a "named after a personality" spacecraft name is the proposed ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MarcoPolo-R MarcoPolo-R]]'' space probe. XtremeKoolLetterz, [[RunningGag anyone ?]] anyone?]] Who knows what the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Polo medieval Venetian explorer]] would think about it all...



*** The main European module of the ISS is the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_%28ISS_module%29 Columbus]]'', named after ChristopherColumbus.
*** As a sadder, WhatCouldHaveBeen example, the original concept for the otherwise succesful cometary exploration probe ''Rosetta'' was a bit more ambitious than the finished product. The original probe's name ? Appropriately enough, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champollion_%28spacecraft%29 Champolion]]'', after [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Fran%C3%A7ois_Champollion the French linguist]] who deciphered the Rosetta Stone. Both the name of the unrealized earlier concept and that of the eventually launched mission were supposed to reflect that comets are a kind of "cosmic Rosetta Stone", capable of revealing interesting data about the evolution and composition of our Solar System.

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*** The main European module of the ISS is the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_%28ISS_module%29 Columbus]]'', named after ChristopherColumbus.
UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus.
*** As a sadder, WhatCouldHaveBeen example, the original concept for the otherwise succesful cometary exploration probe ''Rosetta'' was a bit more ambitious than the finished product. The original probe's name ? name? Appropriately enough, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champollion_%28spacecraft%29 Champolion]]'', after [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Fran%C3%A7ois_Champollion the French linguist]] who deciphered the Rosetta Stone. Both the name of the unrealized earlier concept and that of the eventually launched mission were supposed to reflect that comets are a kind of "cosmic Rosetta Stone", capable of revealing interesting data about the evolution and composition of our Solar System.



*** Each of the five ATV resupply spacecraft is named after a European visionary, usually scientists :
**** ''Creator/JulesVerne'' (2008) - The ship even carried an original 19th century copy of the author's novel ''Literature/FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' aboard during its flight.

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*** Each of the five ATV resupply spacecraft is named after a European visionary, usually scientists :
scientists:
**** ''Creator/JulesVerne'' (2008) - The (2008)--The ship even carried an original 19th century copy of the author's novel ''Literature/FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' aboard during its flight.



**** ''AlbertEinstein'' (2013)

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**** ''AlbertEinstein'' ''UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein'' (2013)



*** As already mentioned above, the name of the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_%28spacecraft%29 Rosetta]]'' space probe that conducted a comet-exploratory mission is a nod to the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone Rosetta Stone]], a stele from Antiquity that was instrumental in the first deciphiring of Egyptian hieroglyphics back in the 19th century.
*** ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_2 Beagle 2]]'', the [[WhatCouldHaveBeen ultimately unsuccesful]] British-built lander of the ''Mars Express'' probe, was named in honour of the ship ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Beagle HMS Beagle]]'', which CharlesDarwin used for his exploratory voyages in the 1820s and 1830s. The ''2'' in the lander's name refers to the notion that it was [[LegacyCharacter the second British scientific "ship" in history to bear the name]] ''Beagle''.
** Some ESA projects even show overlaps between styles of theme naming. Here are two examples out of many :
*** [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLATO_%28spacecraft%29 PLATO]], a proposed exoplanet-hunting space observatory who's name references [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plato the eponymous ancient Greek philosopher]], [[FunWithAcronyms but also means]] "'''PLA'''netary '''T'''ransits and '''O'''scillations of stars".

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*** As already mentioned above, the name of the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_%28spacecraft%29 Rosetta]]'' space probe that conducted a comet-exploratory mission is a nod to the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone Rosetta Stone]], a stele from Antiquity that was instrumental in the first deciphiring deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphics back in the 19th century.
*** ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beagle_2 Beagle 2]]'', the [[WhatCouldHaveBeen ultimately unsuccesful]] unsuccessful]] British-built lander of the ''Mars Express'' probe, was named in honour of the ship ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Beagle HMS Beagle]]'', which CharlesDarwin UsefulNotes/CharlesDarwin used for his exploratory voyages in the 1820s and 1830s. The ''2'' in the lander's name refers to the notion that it was [[LegacyCharacter the second British scientific "ship" in history to bear the name]] ''Beagle''.
** Some ESA projects even show overlaps between styles of theme naming. Here are two examples out of many :
many:
*** [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLATO_%28spacecraft%29 PLATO]], a proposed exoplanet-hunting space observatory who's whose name references [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plato the eponymous ancient Greek philosopher]], [[FunWithAcronyms but also means]] "'''PLA'''netary '''T'''ransits and '''O'''scillations of stars".



** The most famous of these unrealized projects were various smaller manned vehicles, including the ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermes_%28spacecraft%29 Hermes]]'' [[http://www.astronautix.com/craft/hermes.htm space]] [[http://www.esa.int/esatv/Videos/1991/11/Hermes_Wings_For_Europe shuttle]], to be launched by the Ariane 5 rocket, and [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crew_Return_Vehicle#European_Space_Agency_concepts various]] [[http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Keywords/Description/CRV_Crew_Rescue_Vehicle other winged]] or [[http://www.astronautix.com/craft/esaacrv.htm capsule-shaped shuttles]] for flights to and from the ISS. Ironically, during the 1990s, the agency got stuck with a well-developed, powerful launch vehicle in the form of the Ariane 5, but with no manned payloads to launch. This necessitated the refocusing of payload plans once the rocket entered service. Ariane 5 got the last laugh when it returned to one of its original design objectives in the 2000s, with one of its variants being used for launching the Automated Transfer Vehicled (unmanned, but man-rated).
** Before the ''Columbus'' orbital lab came to fruition in the 2000s as a research module of the International Space Station, it went through at least 20 years of convoluted DevelopmentHell. The most famous phase of its earlier development life was the ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_%28spacecraft%29 Columbus MTFF]]'' (Man-Tended Free Flyer). It was intended as an advanced evolution of the ''Spacelab'' modules (carried by the NASA Space Shuttles on some missions) and would have effectivelly formed its own small research station in low Earth orbit. When the costs proved prohibitive, ESA abandoned the MTFF concept. The ''Hermes'' shuttle was cancelled not long after (also in the early 1990s), and the ''Columbus'' project entered a limbo of being archived and resurrected numerous times since then. When the ISS plans emerged, a newer and simplified version of the idea was eventually approved. The finished, contemporary ''Columbus'' only includes the Attached Pressurized Module segment of the former 1980s concept.
** Several interesting space probe missions got canned too or put away on indefinite hiatus. In a bit of luck, most of them avoided this fate and only got downscaled, usually losing a formerly planned specialized sub-probe in the process. Rosetta is one example, originally being planned to carry two landers (though the other one would have been NASA-built, apparently).

to:

** The most famous of these unrealized projects were various smaller manned vehicles, including the ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermes_%28spacecraft%29 Hermes]]'' [[http://www.astronautix.com/craft/hermes.htm space]] [[http://www.esa.int/esatv/Videos/1991/11/Hermes_Wings_For_Europe shuttle]], to be launched by the Ariane 5 rocket, and [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crew_Return_Vehicle#European_Space_Agency_concepts various]] [[http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Keywords/Description/CRV_Crew_Rescue_Vehicle other winged]] or [[http://www.astronautix.com/craft/esaacrv.htm capsule-shaped shuttles]] for flights to and from the ISS. Ironically, during the 1990s, the agency got stuck with a well-developed, powerful launch vehicle in the form of the Ariane 5, but with no manned payloads to launch. This necessitated the refocusing of payload plans once the rocket entered service. Ariane 5 got the last laugh when it returned to one of its original design objectives in the 2000s, with one of its variants being used for launching the Automated Transfer Vehicled Vehicle (unmanned, but man-rated).
** Before the ''Columbus'' orbital lab came to fruition in the 2000s as a research module of the International Space Station, it went through at least 20 years of convoluted DevelopmentHell. The most famous phase of its earlier development life was the ''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_%28spacecraft%29 Columbus MTFF]]'' (Man-Tended Free Flyer). It was intended as an advanced evolution of the ''Spacelab'' modules (carried by the NASA Space Shuttles on some missions) and would have effectivelly effectively formed its own small research station in low Earth orbit. When the costs proved prohibitive, ESA abandoned the MTFF concept. The ''Hermes'' shuttle was cancelled not long after (also in the early 1990s), and the ''Columbus'' project entered a limbo of being archived and resurrected numerous times since then. When the ISS plans emerged, a newer and simplified version of the idea was eventually approved. The finished, contemporary ''Columbus'' only includes the Attached Pressurized Module segment of the former 1980s concept.
** Several interesting space probe missions got canned too or put away on indefinite hiatus. In a bit of luck, most of them avoided this fate and only got downscaled, usually losing a formerly planned specialized sub-probe in the process. Rosetta ''Rosetta'' is one example, originally being planned to carry two landers (though the other one would have been NASA-built, apparently).



* XtremeKoolLetterz: The [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermediate_eXperimental_Vehicle IXV]] ('''I'''ntermediate E'''X'''perimental '''V'''ehicle), a testbed demonstrator for future unmanned spaceplane developments. It was launched atop a ''Vega'' rocket on the 11 February 2015 for an orbital test flight and subsequent safe deorbiting (making it one of the first ESA spacecraft utilising a heat shield and being capable of returning back to Earth). After an hour and a half of operations, the IXV landed safely in the Pacific Ocean near South America. That makes it ESA's first finished and first successful spaceplane.

to:

* XtremeKoolLetterz: The [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermediate_eXperimental_Vehicle IXV]] ('''I'''ntermediate E'''X'''perimental '''V'''ehicle), a testbed demonstrator for future unmanned spaceplane developments. It was launched atop a ''Vega'' rocket on the 11 February 2015 for an orbital test flight and subsequent safe deorbiting de-orbiting (making it one of the first ESA spacecraft utilising a heat shield and being capable of returning back to Earth). After an hour and a half of operations, the IXV landed safely in the Pacific Ocean near South America. That makes it ESA's first finished and first successful spaceplane.



!!ESA in the media and in fiction :

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!!ESA in the media and in fiction :fiction:



* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about Rosetta and Philae, made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lptDXWyxj0&list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" Giotto also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback.

to:

* A series of short, storybook-style cartoons about Rosetta ''Rosetta'' and Philae, ''Philae'', made for ESA. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lptDXWyxj0&list=PLgx5PMpgonqUD1aO3g0bZ_a7VKg8VGTeS Watch them here]]. The cartoon counterparts of the probe and its lander are the very definition of {{adorkable}}. Their "grandfather" Giotto ''Giotto'' also makes an appearance in a flashback to 1986 in one of the later episodes, where it's also revealed that he himself is the NarratorAllAlong. Other famous cometary probes also make cameo appearances in the flashback.



* The 1991 simulation game ''[[https://www.mobygames.com/game/ess-mega E.S.S. Mega]]'', developed by Coktel Vision and published by Tomahawk, was notable at the time for being a space sim that focused solely on ESA spacecraft, instead of their more famous NASA counterparts. One of the future spacecraft projects of ESA that was included in the sim was the Hermes space shuttle.
* The freeware ''VideoGame/{{Orbiter}}'' spaceflight simulator has a lot of [[http://www.orbithangar.com/search.php addons]] dealing with real, cancelled and fictional ESA projects, including various launch vehicles and unmanned and manned spacecraft. There's even a [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/ separate website]] dedicated to the ESA-themed (or European-themed) addons and mods. Are you sad that ESA never built the ''Hermes'' space shuttle or doesn't have a lunar base yet ? With [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/?page=addon&id=27 the appropriate]] [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/?page=addon&id=4 addons]] installed, [[WishFulfillment you can now]] [[AlternateHistory remedy that]] !

to:

* The 1991 simulation game ''[[https://www.mobygames.com/game/ess-mega E.S.S. Mega]]'', developed by Coktel Vision and published by Tomahawk, was notable at the time for being a space sim that focused solely on ESA spacecraft, instead of their more famous NASA counterparts. One of the future spacecraft projects of ESA that was included in the sim was the Hermes ''Hermes'' space shuttle.
* The freeware ''VideoGame/{{Orbiter}}'' spaceflight simulator has a lot of [[http://www.orbithangar.com/search.php addons]] dealing with real, cancelled and fictional ESA projects, including various launch vehicles and unmanned and manned spacecraft. There's even a [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/ separate website]] dedicated to the ESA-themed (or European-themed) addons and mods. Are you sad that ESA never built the ''Hermes'' space shuttle or doesn't have a lunar base yet ? yet? With [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/?page=addon&id=27 the appropriate]] [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/?page=addon&id=4 addons]] installed, [[WishFulfillment you can now]] [[AlternateHistory remedy that]] !that]]!



* Regrettably, in the 2007 ''Film/{{Transformers}}'' movie, the Beagle 2 lander [[http://transformers.wikia.com/wiki/Beagle_2_Rover is presented as]] ''[[WeAllLiveInAmerica an American]]'' probe, created by UsefulNotes/{{NASA}}. Worse yet, it's outward appearance is ''[[TheyJustDidntCare completely different]]'', more like that of the ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Spirit]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure and]] ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Opportunity]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure rovers]]. According to the film, the Decepticons were probably behind the probe's infamous malfunction, but it's kept rather vague.
* The [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs weird]] mid-1980s sci-fi horror film ''Film/{{Lifeforce}}'' includes a "European Space Shuttle", presumably operated by ESA or its fictional equivalent. Oddly enough, that spacecraft [[ArtisticLicenseAstronomy visits Halley's Comet]], [[ArtisticLicensePhysics of all places]]... The film came to theaters about a year before the RealLife ''Giotto'' probe visited the same comet.

to:

* Regrettably, in the 2007 ''Film/{{Transformers}}'' movie, the Beagle 2 ''Beagle 2'' lander [[http://transformers.wikia.com/wiki/Beagle_2_Rover is presented as]] ''[[WeAllLiveInAmerica an American]]'' probe, created by UsefulNotes/{{NASA}}. Worse yet, it's outward appearance is ''[[TheyJustDidntCare completely different]]'', more like that of the ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Spirit]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure and]] ''[[CriticalResearchFailure Opportunity]]'' [[CriticalResearchFailure rovers]]. According to the film, the Decepticons were probably behind the probe's infamous malfunction, but it's kept rather vague.
* The [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs weird]] mid-1980s sci-fi horror film ''Film/{{Lifeforce}}'' includes a "European Space Shuttle", presumably operated by ESA or its fictional equivalent. Oddly enough, that spacecraft [[ArtisticLicenseAstronomy visits Halley's Comet]], [[ArtisticLicensePhysics of all places]]... The film came to theaters about a year before the RealLife ''Giotto'' probe visited the same comet. \n
18th Jul '15 12:26:14 PM ZemplinTemplar
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* The freeware ''VideoGame/{{Orbiter}}'' spaceflight simulator has a lot of [[http://www.orbithangar.com/search.php addons]] dealing with real, cancelled and fictional ESA projects, including various launch vehicles and unmanned and manned spacecraft. There's even a [[http://www.orbiterfrancophone.com/index.php?disp=home separate website]] dedicated to the ESA-themed (or European-themed) addons and mods. Are you sad that ESA never built the ''Hermes'' space shuttle or doesn't have a lunar base yet ? With [[http://www.orbiterfrancophone.com/index.php?disp=addons&id=40 the appropriate]] [[http://www.orbiterfrancophone.com/index.php?disp=addons&id=7 addons]] installed, [[WishFulfillment you can now]] [[AlternateHistory remedy that]] !

to:

* The freeware ''VideoGame/{{Orbiter}}'' spaceflight simulator has a lot of [[http://www.orbithangar.com/search.php addons]] dealing with real, cancelled and fictional ESA projects, including various launch vehicles and unmanned and manned spacecraft. There's even a [[http://www.orbiterfrancophone.com/index.php?disp=home [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/ separate website]] dedicated to the ESA-themed (or European-themed) addons and mods. Are you sad that ESA never built the ''Hermes'' space shuttle or doesn't have a lunar base yet ? With [[http://www.orbiterfrancophone.com/index.php?disp=addons&id=40 [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/?page=addon&id=27 the appropriate]] [[http://www.orbiterfrancophone.com/index.php?disp=addons&id=7 [[http://francophone.dansteph.com/?page=addon&id=4 addons]] installed, [[WishFulfillment you can now]] [[AlternateHistory remedy that]] !
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