History UsefulNotes / CanadianHistory

29th Aug '17 5:15:26 PM BananaPancakes
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Reenactments of many of these moments and others can be viewed at [[http://www.histori.ca/minutes/default.do?page=.index History by the Minute]].

to:

Reenactments of many of these moments and others can be viewed at [[http://www.histori.ca/minutes/default.do?page=.index History by the Minute]].
Minute.]]



'''1497:''' John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) lands at what is believed to be either Newfoundland or Cape Breton, and claims it for Henry VII.

'''ca. 1525:''' Deganawidah, a powerful Iroquoian leader, unites five separate Iroquois nations (Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mowhawk) as the Haudenosaunee or League of Iroquois. The League becomes one of the most powerful First Nations organizations on the continent. The Tuscarora of what is now North Carolina later join the confederacy, giving it the popular name "Six Nations". The Six Nations confederacy still exists today as a strong voice for Native people. The Great Law of Peace, written by Deganawidah, still serves as its constitution.

to:

'''1497:''' John Cabot JohnCabot (Giovanni Caboto) lands at what is believed to be either Newfoundland or Cape Breton, and claims it for Henry VII.

'''ca. 1525:''' Deganawidah, a powerful Iroquoian leader, unites five separate Iroquois nations (Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mowhawk) Mohawk) as the Haudenosaunee or League of Iroquois. The League becomes one of the most powerful First Nations organizations on the continent. The Tuscarora of what is now North Carolina later join the confederacy, giving it the popular name "Six Nations". The Six Nations confederacy still exists today as a strong voice for Native people. The Great Law of Peace, written by Deganawidah, still serves as its constitution.
constitution.



'''1610:''' The Brits start to arrive on Newfoundland and establish a thriving cod fishing industry on the Grand Banks (one of the most fertile fishing grounds in the world until its collapse in the 1950s). Apparently, the head Brits planned this as a summer settlement only, assuming Newfoundland to be uninhabitable in the winter. The ordinary people brought over to harvest and process the aforementioned fishies decided they were having none of that travel back and forth, thank you ''very much,'' and built permanent settlements anyway. Tensions rose to nearly start the first (white) rebellion in North America. The head Brits finally decided that anyone crazy enough to live in Newfoundland in the winter was welcome to it, and let them be.

to:

'''1610:''' The Brits British start to arrive on Newfoundland and establish a thriving cod fishing industry on the Grand Banks (one of the most fertile fishing grounds in the world until its collapse in the 1950s). Apparently, the head Brits planned this as a summer settlement only, assuming Newfoundland to be uninhabitable in the winter. The ordinary people brought over to harvest and process the aforementioned fishies decided they were having none of that travel back and forth, thank you ''very much,'' and built permanent settlements anyway. Tensions rose to nearly start the first (white) rebellion in North America. The head Brits finally decided that anyone crazy enough to live in Newfoundland in the winter was welcome to it, and let them be.



'''May 2, 1670''': Based on the proposal of trappers Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers (Messers Radishes and Gooseberry), Charles II founds the Hudson's Bay Company, granting it exclusive trade rights (and ''de facto'' control) of the Hudson's Bay watershed, 1/3 of modern day Canada. The venerable HBC would go on to supply Europe with beaver pelt hats and First Nations with European technology for the next two hundred years.

to:

'''May 2, 1670''': Based on the proposal of trappers Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers (Messers Radishes and Gooseberry), Charles II founds the Hudson's Bay Company, granting it exclusive trade rights (and ''de facto'' control) of the Hudson's Bay watershed, 1/3 ⅓ of modern day Canada. The venerable HBC would go on to supply Europe with beaver pelt hats and First Nations with European technology for the next two hundred years.



* Perhaps diluting the remarkableness of that foresight, the act would be cited as one of the "Intolerable Acts" that spawned the American revolution. Opposition in the 13 colonies came for various reasons, partly that the Québecois were being allowed to remain Roman Catholic, and partly that the lands given to Québec by the act included regions that were being eyeballed for colonial expansion.

to:

* Perhaps diluting the remarkableness of that foresight, the act would be cited as one of the "Intolerable Acts" that spawned the American revolution.Revolution. Opposition in the 13 colonies came for various reasons, partly that the Québecois were being allowed to remain Roman Catholic, and partly that the lands given to Québec by the act included regions that were being eyeballed for colonial expansion.



'''1783:''' End of the American revolution: many Loyalists flee America, where they are less than welcome, for a new life in Canada: this is the point when Canada starts to become a truly bilingual country.

'''1791:''' The province of Québec is divided into the sections of Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Many of the Loyalists who fled the American Revolution settled in Upper Canada, forming what will become the province of Ontario. The French Canadians remain the majority in Lower Canada, which would eventually become the province of Québec.
* Note that the "upper" and "lower" refer to Upper Canada being farther up the St. Lawrence river than lower Canada, confounding the usual convention that "up is north", and confusing many a elementary school student being shown these areas on a map.

'''1792:''' 1100 black loyalists travel to Sierra Leone to found the Freetown colony led by the abolitionists John Clarkson and freeman Thomas Peters. All were former slaves from America who either escaped or were granted freedom and resettled in Nova Scotia for fighting for Britain in UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.

'''June 18, 1812 - February 12, 1815:''' Britain and America get into trade disputes over Napoleon's blockade of Britain, and Britain is also "impressing" (kidnapping) American sailors. America decided that taking Canada from the Brits will be "a matter of marching", but they're in for a shock: the Anglo-Canadians still have strong memories of Loyalism and Licking the Damn Yanks, the Franco-Canadians would rather the devil they know than the devil they don't, and the natives like Tecumseh also tend to take the British side, because unlike the Yanks, the Brits have upheld their side of many of the treaties they'd made with the First Nations[[note]](note the past tense here, but [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement that's all we have to say about that]])[[/note]]. The people rally to help the British army, and after throwing out several invasion attempts including a burning and looting of York (Toronto), the Brits strike back by burning Washington, ''carefully''. A British soldier does not loot without orders, I shall have you know!

to:

'''1783:''' End of the American revolution: Revolution: many United Empire Loyalists flee America, where for obvious reasons they are less than welcome, for a new life in Canada: this is the point when Canada starts to become a truly bilingual country.

'''1791:''' The province of Québec is divided into the sections of Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Many of the Loyalists who fled the American Revolution settled in Upper Canada, forming what will become the province of Ontario. The French Canadians remain the majority in Lower Canada, which would eventually become the province of Québec.
Québec.
* Note that the "upper" and "lower" refer to Upper Canada being farther up the St. Lawrence river River than lower Lower Canada, confounding the usual convention that "up is north", and confusing many a elementary school student students being shown these areas on a map.

'''1792:''' 1100 black loyalists Loyalists travel to Sierra Leone to found the Freetown colony led by the abolitionists John Clarkson and freeman Thomas Peters. All were former slaves from America who either escaped or were granted freedom and resettled in Nova Scotia for fighting for Britain in UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.

UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.

'''June 18, 1812 - February 12, 1815:''' Britain and America get into trade disputes over Napoleon's blockade of Britain, and Britain is also "impressing" (kidnapping) American sailors. America decided that taking Canada from the Brits will be "a matter of marching", but they're in for a shock: the Anglo-Canadians still have strong memories of Loyalism and Licking the Damn Yanks, the Franco-Canadians would rather the devil they know than the devil they don't, and the natives like Tecumseh also tend to take the British side, because unlike the Yanks, the Brits have upheld been much better than the Yanks at their side of many of the treaties they'd made with the First Nations[[note]](note Nations.[[note]]Note the past tense here, but [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement that's all we have to say about that]])[[/note]]. that.]][[/note]] The people rally to help the British army, and after throwing out several invasion attempts including a burning and looting of York (Toronto), (UsefulNotes/{{Toronto}}), the Brits strike back by burning Washington, UsefulNotes/WashingtonDC, ''carefully''. A British soldier does not loot without orders, I shall have you know!



'''1814:''' A famine in the Red River Colony (to be known as Manitoba) causes governor Miles [=MacDonell=] to ban exports of food. This raises the ire of the Metis population, who want the right to sell food if they want. In 1816, leader Cuthbert Grant leads a revolt and steals the government's food to see how they like it, which leads to the Battle of Seven Oaks (June 19, 1816) when the new governor finds out. He gets himself killed for it (might have something to do with being outnumbered 3 to 1) and the Metis define themselves as a nation, complete with their own flag. (The battle site is at the corner of Main Street and Rupertsland Boulevard in Winnipeg, on the #18 North Main bus route.)

to:

'''1814:''' A famine in the Red River Colony (to be known as Manitoba) causes governor Governor Miles [=MacDonell=] Macdonell to ban exports of food. This raises the ire of the Metis Métis population, who want the right to sell food if they want. In 1816, leader Cuthbert Grant leads a revolt and steals the government's food to see how they like it, which leads to the Battle of Seven Oaks (June 19, 1816) when the new governor governor, Robert Semple, finds out. He gets himself killed for it (might have something to do with being outnumbered 3 to 1) and the Metis Métis define themselves as a nation, complete with their own flag. (The battle site is at what is now the corner of Main Street and Rupertsland Boulevard in Winnipeg, on the #18 North Main bus route.)



'''1837:''' Rebellions against British rule occur in both Upper (Anglo-) and Lower (Franco-) Canada, in part for responsible government, that is essentially real democracy, at least by the standards of the time, and home rule. The Lower Canadian rebellion was far better organized, but both were crushed. However the rebels still eventually won in part because the Crown sent Lord Durham to figure out why the people didn't like British rule, and his report recommended the same "responsible government." His report is nevertheless thought of as an insult by Lower Canada, as it also recommended the prompt assimilation of the French Catholic Canadians into the English Protestant rest of Canada.

to:

'''1837:''' Rebellions against British rule occur in both Upper (Anglo-) and Lower (Franco-) Canada, in part for responsible government, that is i.e., essentially real democracy, at least by the standards of the time, and home rule. The Lower Canadian rebellion was far better organized, but both were crushed. However However, the rebels still eventually won in part because the Crown sent Lord Durham to figure out why the people didn't like British rule, and his report recommended the same "responsible government." His report is nevertheless thought of as an insult by Lower Canada, as it also recommended the prompt assimilation of the French Catholic Canadians into the English Protestant rest of Canada.



'''June 15, 1846:''' The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel north as the political boundary between the United States of America and British North America west of the Rocky Mountains. Both sides agree because when you travel above 49 north, [[UnitConfusion the temperature abruptly drops forty degrees]] [[note]]Weather maps display Canadian temperatures in Celsius, American in Fahrenheit[[/note]].

'''1850-1860:''' The height of the UndergroundRailroad, which brought escaped slaves North to freedom. Slavery had been abolished in Canada in 1834 (although discrimination was still rampant) and individuals could not be extradited back to the US. At least 30 000 people, but possibly as many as 100 000, escaped slavery this way, many settling in what is now southern Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.

'''1864:''' The leaders of the British North American colonies discuss the possibility of uniting to deal with various political issues, including financial problems, political gridlocks, and mutual defense against any American invasion. Their discussions lead to the creation of what would become the British North America Act.

to:

'''June 15, 1846:''' The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel north as the political boundary between the United States of America and British North America west of the Rocky Mountains. Both sides agree because when you travel above 49 degrees north, [[UnitConfusion the temperature abruptly drops forty degrees]] [[note]]Weather degrees.]][[note]]Weather maps display Canadian temperatures in Celsius, American in Fahrenheit[[/note]].

Fahrenheit.[[/note]]

'''1850-1860:''' The height of the UndergroundRailroad, which brought escaped slaves North to freedom. Slavery had been abolished in Canada in 1834 (although discrimination was still rampant) and individuals could not be extradited back to the US. U.S. At least 30 000 30,000 people, but possibly as many as 100 000, 100,000, escaped slavery this way, many settling in what is now southern Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.

Scotia.

'''1864:''' The leaders of the British North American colonies discuss the possibility of uniting to deal with various political issues, including financial problems, political gridlocks, and mutual defense against any American invasion. Their discussions lead to the creation of what would become the British North America Act.
Act.



'''February 8, 1879:''' With the world rapidly becoming smaller, railway surveyor (for both the Intercolonial and Canadian Pacific railways) Sanford Fleming first proposes a system of standard time zones at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute. The entire world eventually adopts a modified version (Universal Coordinated Time) by 1924.

'''1885:''' Louis Riel, now arguably mentally unstable but still a hero to his people, leads another and more violent rebellion in the west. The Canadian militia uses the partially built (and all but broke) transcontinental railway to get there in a few days to crush the rebellion. As a result, Riel is defeated, tried, and executed, which alienated the French Canadian population even while the whole affair gave Macdonald's dream to unite the nation through a ribbon of steel the final political boost needed to complete it. John A. Macdonald celebrates by getting drunk. Note that Riel is ''to this day'' thought of as a traitor by some Canadians and a hero by others. There are [[HighSchool High Schools]] in UsefulNotes/{{Montreal}} and Ottawa named after him, a [[http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/sites/rielstatue.shtml public monument of him the Manitoba Legislature building]] and a[[http://gov.mb.ca/february_holiday/index.html Manitoba provincial holiday]] in his honour (how many people executed for high treason can claim that?).
* To thank the fifteen thousand Chinese laborers who helped build the Canadian Pacific, the government passes the Chinese Immigration Act, forcing all future Chinese immigrants to pay $50 to enter Canada if they fell outside narrow definitions (teachers, merchants, and missionaries were exempt). It's not the first slap in the face to the Chinese in North America and it won't be the last.

'''1891:''' John A. Macdonald wins his final election, and celebrates by [[OverlyLongGag getting drunk.]][[note]] Not quite a joke: Macdonald was a ''notorious'' drinker, loved his rum, and frequently ''was'' drunk a lot of the time. In fact, he once showed up to Parliament drunk, vomited during a speech, and declared "That's what I think of the opposition", to rousing applause. On a less funny note, he was also remembered for that time he, as minister responsible for the colonial militia, passed out drunk in the middle of a Fenian invasion of Canada and slept through the whole crisis.[[/note]] He dies later that year, and the whole country offers a toast in his honor. In December, Dr. James Naismith (former PE teacher and director of athletics at [=McGill=] University) invents basketball while an expatriate in the US, at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.

to:

'''February 8, 1879:''' With the world rapidly becoming smaller, railway surveyor (for both the Intercolonial and Canadian Pacific railways) Sanford Sandford Fleming first proposes a system of standard time zones at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute. The entire world eventually adopts a modified version (Universal Coordinated Time) by 1924.

'''1885:''' Louis Riel, now arguably mentally unstable but still a hero to his people, leads another and more violent rebellion in the west. The Canadian militia uses the partially built (and all but broke) transcontinental railway to get there in a few days to crush the rebellion. As a result, Riel is defeated, tried, and executed, which alienated the French Canadian population even while the whole affair gave Macdonald's dream to unite the nation through a ribbon of steel the final political boost needed to complete it. John A. Macdonald celebrates by getting drunk. Note that Riel is ''to this day'' thought of as a traitor by some Canadians and a hero by others. There are [[HighSchool High Schools]] {{High School}}s in UsefulNotes/{{Montreal}} and Ottawa named after him, a [[http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/sites/rielstatue.shtml public monument of him the Manitoba Legislature building]] and a[[http://gov.a [[http://gov.mb.ca/february_holiday/index.html Manitoba provincial holiday]] in his honour (how many people executed for high treason can claim that?).
* To thank the fifteen thousand Chinese laborers who helped build the Canadian Pacific, [[UngratefulBastard the government passes the Chinese Immigration Act, Act]], forcing all future Chinese immigrants to pay $50 to enter Canada if they fell outside narrow definitions (teachers, merchants, and missionaries were exempt). It's not the first slap in the face to the Chinese in North America and it won't be the last.

'''1891:''' John A. Macdonald wins his final election, and celebrates by [[OverlyLongGag getting drunk.]][[note]] Not ]][[note]]Not quite a joke: Macdonald was a ''notorious'' drinker, loved his rum, and frequently ''was'' drunk a lot of the time. In fact, he once showed up to Parliament drunk, vomited during a speech, and declared "That's what I think of the opposition", to rousing applause. On a less funny note, he was also remembered for that time he, as minister responsible for the colonial militia, passed out drunk in the middle of a Fenian invasion of Canada and slept through the whole crisis.[[/note]] He dies later that year, and the whole country offers a toast in his honor. In December, Dr. James Naismith (former PE teacher and director of athletics at [=McGill=] University) invents basketball while an expatriate in the US, at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.



'''1901:''' PM Wilfred Laurier declares the 20th century as the century of Canada. No one else notices.

'''September 1, 1905:''' Alberta and Saskatchewan, created from the Northwest Territories, join the Confederation.

to:

'''1901:''' PM Prime Minister Wilfred Laurier declares the 20th century as the century of Canada. No one Nobody else notices.

'''September 1, 1905:''' Alberta and Saskatchewan, created from the Northwest Territories, join the Confederation.



'''April 9, 1917:''' Canadian troops show their guts in the Battle of Vimy Ridge. Despite some 40% casualties, it was well-planned and well-executed. Four of the soldiers present earn Victoria Crosses. Following this, the Canadian troops develop a reputation for being pretty dangerous, prompting the Germans to invent the term [[AwesomeMcCoolname ''Stormtrooper'']] to describe them.

'''December 6, 1917:''' The munitions ship ''Mont Blanc'' collides with Norwegian vessel ''Imo'' in Halifax Harbour. She burns for twenty-five minutes before she explodes, levelling two square kilometres and killing over two thousand people. Train dispatcher Vince Coleman desperately sends a message to stop an inbound train carrying over seven hundred people, remaining at his post until he confirms the train's response. He does not survive. Until the Trinity test, this was the largest man-made explosion at the time, and remains the largest non-nuclear man-made explosion to this date[[note]] It's still possible to see how far the explosion reached from the bay by a clear delineation between "older" buildings and "newer" buildings in Halifax, though with rebuilding, it's more difficult each year[[/note]].

to:

'''April 9, 1917:''' Canadian troops show their guts in the Battle of Vimy Ridge. Despite some 40% casualties, it was well-planned and well-executed. Four of the soldiers present earn Victoria Crosses. Following this, the Canadian troops develop a reputation for being pretty dangerous, prompting the Germans to invent the term [[AwesomeMcCoolname ''Stormtrooper'']] ''[[AwesomeMcCoolname Stormtrooper]]'' to describe them.

'''December 6, 1917:''' The French munitions ship ''Mont Blanc'' collides with Norwegian vessel ''Imo'' in Halifax Harbour. She burns for twenty-five minutes before she explodes, levelling two square kilometres and killing over two thousand people. Train dispatcher Vince Coleman desperately sends a message to stop an inbound train carrying over seven hundred people, remaining at his post until he confirms the train's response. He does not survive. Until the Trinity test, this was the largest man-made manmade explosion at the time, and remains the largest non-nuclear man-made manmade explosion to this date[[note]] It's date.[[note]]It's still possible to see how far the explosion reached from the bay by a clear delineation between "older" buildings and "newer" buildings in Halifax, though with rebuilding, it's more difficult each year[[/note]].
year.[[/note]]



'''July 1, 1923''': After two revisions increased the head tax to $100 and then $500, the [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Chinese_Immigration_Act,_1923 Chinese Immigration Act of 1923]] outright bans Chinese immigrants from Canada. Again, merchants, diplomats, foreign students, and "special circumstances" granted by the Minister of Immigration exempt only a select few. This and other racist immigration policies would stand until the widespread immigration reform of the 1960's and 70's. (More info [[http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/legacy/chap-6.asp here]].

'''1929:''' The "Famous Five" (Emily Murphy, Irene Parlby, Nellie [=McClung=], Louise [=McKinney=], and Henrietta Muir Edwards) take their case to the Privy Council in England and have women declared as "persons" under the law, able to vote and hold office.

to:

'''July 1, 1923''': After two revisions increased the head tax to $100 and then $500, the [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Chinese_Immigration_Act,_1923 Chinese Immigration Act of 1923]] outright bans Chinese immigrants from Canada. Again, merchants, diplomats, foreign students, and "special circumstances" granted by the Minister of Immigration exempt only a select few. This and other racist immigration policies would stand until the widespread immigration reform of the 1960's 1960s and 70's.'70s. (More info [[http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/legacy/chap-6.asp here]].

here]].)

'''1929:''' The "Famous Five" (Emily Murphy, Irene Parlby, Nellie [=McClung=], Louise [=McKinney=], and Henrietta Muir Edwards) take their case to the Privy Council in England and have women declared as "persons" under the law, able to vote and hold office.
office.



'''November 2, 1936:''' The Canadian Broadcasting Act creates the [[Creator/{{CBC}} Canadian Broadcasting Corporation]].

to:

'''November 2, 1936:''' The Canadian Broadcasting Act creates the [[Creator/{{CBC}} Canadian Broadcasting Corporation]].
Corporation.]]



'''January 19, 1943:''' Princess Margriet of the Netherlands is born to Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands while the family is in exile in Canada. The maternity ward of the Ottawa Civic Hospital is temporarily declared to be international territory to ensure the princess inherits only her Dutch citizenship from her mother. As thanks, the Dutch royal family sends one hundred thousand tulip bulbs to Ottawa once the war is over. Ten thousand bulbs have been sent to Ottawa every year since, giving rise to the [[http://tulipfestival.ca/site/tulip_legacy/en Canadian Tulip Festival]].

to:

'''January 19, 1943:''' Princess Margriet of the Netherlands is born to Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands while the family is in exile in Canada. The maternity ward of the Ottawa Civic Hospital is temporarily declared to be international territory to ensure the princess inherits only her Dutch citizenship from her mother. As thanks, the Dutch royal family sends one hundred thousand tulip bulbs to Ottawa once the war is over. Ten thousand bulbs have been sent to Ottawa every year since, giving rise to the [[http://tulipfestival.ca/site/tulip_legacy/en Canadian Tulip Festival]].
Festival.]]



'''September 6, 1945:''' A file clerk from the Soviet embassy presents Justice Minister Louis St. Laurent with documents revealing Soviet espionage in the West. Not only does this event lead to the arrest of thirty-nine suspected spies, the disruption of a spy ring led by an MP, and usher in the modern era of Canadian security intelligence, it is also considered the beginning of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.

'''1946:''' Tommy Douglas introduces the universal health care system in Saskatchewan. By 1961, all provinces have adopted the health care plan.

'''March 17, 1946:''' Jackie Robinson breaks baseball's colour line when he debuts at shortstop for the Montreal Royals, the International AAA affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers. Although the racist pressure on him almost drove him to a nervous breakdown, he survived in part because Montrealers hailed him as their summer sports hero and he backed that adulation with spectacular play. Robinson will be called up for the 1947 season and eventually enter the MLB Hall of Fame.

to:

'''September 6, 1945:''' A Igor Gouzenko, a file clerk from the Soviet embassy embassy, presents Justice Minister Louis St. Laurent with documents revealing Soviet espionage in the West. Not only does this event lead to the arrest of thirty-nine suspected spies, the disruption of a spy ring led by an MP, and usher in the modern era of Canadian security intelligence, it is also considered the beginning of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.

'''1946:''' Tommy Douglas introduces the universal health care system in Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan, where he leads the first avowedly socialist government in North America. By 1961, all provinces will have [[FollowTheLeader adopted the health care plan.

plan.]]

'''March 17, 1946:''' Jackie Robinson UsefulNotes/JackieRobinson breaks baseball's colour line when he debuts at shortstop for the Montreal Royals, the International AAA affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers. Although the racist pressure on him almost drove him to a nervous breakdown, he survived in part because Montrealers hailed him as their summer sports hero and he backed that adulation with spectacular play. Robinson will be called up for the 1947 season and eventually enter the MLB Hall of Fame.



'''July 1967:''' Expo '67 in Montreal. French president Charles de Gaulle shouts "Vive le Québec libre" to a volatile separatist-leaning crowd and is (politely) told to go home. Also, every small town builds a Centennial hospital, high school, or park.

'''March 30, 1968:''' Céline Dion is born. We're sorry. However, {{Rush}} forms in Toronto later in 1968. Does that make up for it?

'''[[http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/lo-ol/bllng/hist-eng.cfm 1969]]:''' The first ''Official Languages Act'' declares Canada as a bilingual country with English and French receiving equal standing as official languages. The second Official Languages act, passed in 1988 strengthens the obligations presented herein.

'''October, 1970:''' The October Crisis. The Québecois nationalist group ''Front de Liberation du Québec'' graduates from blowing up mailboxes and starts kidnapping and murdering politicians. On the 13th, CBC reporter Tim Ralfe asks Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau how far he's going to go in this crisis. "Just watch me," Trudeau replies, and invokes the War Measures Act to enable police to arrest and detain suspected FLQ members and sympathizers. However, it is abused, and hundreds are detained with no reason given (and then released without being charged for anything). By the end of the year, the FLQ cell that did the kidnapping and murdering (their actions ended up killing five people and wounding a lot more, mainly with bombs) has been rounded up.

to:

'''July 1967:''' Expo '67 in Montreal. French president Charles de Gaulle UsefulNotes/CharlesDeGaulle shouts "Vive le Québec libre" to a volatile separatist-leaning crowd and is (politely) told to go home. Also, every small town builds a Centennial hospital, high school, or park.

park.

'''March 30, 1968:''' Céline Dion Music/CelineDion is born. We're sorry. However, {{Rush}} Music/{{Rush}} forms in Toronto later in 1968. Does that make up for it?

'''[[http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/lo-ol/bllng/hist-eng.cfm 1969]]:''' The first ''Official Languages Act'' declares Canada as a bilingual country with English and French receiving equal standing as official languages. The second Official Languages act, passed in 1988 1988, strengthens the obligations presented herein.

'''October, 1970:''' The October Crisis. The Québecois Québécois nationalist group ''Front de Liberation du Québec'' (FLQ) graduates from blowing up mailboxes and starts kidnapping and murdering politicians. On the 13th, CBC reporter Tim Ralfe asks Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau UsefulNotes/PierreTrudeau how far he's going to go in this crisis. [[BadassBoast "Just watch me," Trudeau replies, replies]], and invokes the War Measures Act to enable police to arrest and detain suspected FLQ members and sympathizers. However, it is abused, and hundreds are detained with no reason given (and then released without being charged for anything). By the end of the year, the FLQ cell that did the kidnapping and murdering (their actions ended up killing five people and wounding a lot more, mainly with bombs) has been rounded up.



'''1972:''' Canada plays the Summit Series, an eight-game hockey tournament pitting their best players against the Soviet Red Army team. After losing Game Four 5-3 in [[StargateCity Vancouver]], Phil Esposito delivers an emotional outburst delivered toward the Canadian public, perceived as not fully supporting their team. In the last game, series tied 3-3 with one tie, Paul Henderson scores the game-winner off a rebound. Canadians across the country celebrate; any Canadian who grew up in that period can tell you where he was when Henderson scored.

to:

'''1972:''' Canada plays the Summit Series, an eight-game hockey tournament pitting their best players (banned from the UsefulNotes/OlympicGames because they were overwhelmingly professional) against the Soviet Red Army team. After losing Game Four 5-3 in [[StargateCity Vancouver]], UsefulNotes/{{Vancouver}}, Canadian captain Phil Esposito delivers [[TheReasonYouSuckSpeech an emotional outburst delivered toward the Canadian public, perceived as not fully supporting their team. team.]] In the last game, series tied 3-3 with one tie, Paul Henderson scores the game-winner off a rebound. Canadians across the country celebrate; any Canadian who grew up in that period can tell you where he was when Henderson scored.



'''1983:''' [[FaceOfTheBand Gord Downie]] founds the rock band The Tragically Hip. They will become universally adored heroes in their home country, [[AmericansHateTingle but will not even be a blip on the radar anywhere else]].

to:

'''1983:''' [[FaceOfTheBand Gord Downie]] founds the rock band The Tragically Hip. Music/TheTragicallyHip. They will become universally adored heroes in their home country, [[AmericansHateTingle but will not even never be a blip on the radar anywhere else]].
else.]]



'''March 20, 1985:''' Inspired by Terry Fox, Rick Hansen begins the ''Man in Motion'' tour at the Oakridge Mall in Vancouver. Over the next twenty-six months, he pushes his wheelchair over ''forty thousand kilometres'' around the world to raise money for research into spinal cord injuries. David Foster and John Parr write the song [[CrowningMusicOfAwesome "St. Elmo's Fire (Man in Motion)"]] in his honour.

to:

'''March 20, 1985:''' Inspired by Terry Fox, Rick Hansen begins the ''Man in Motion'' tour at the Oakridge Mall in Vancouver. Over the next twenty-six months, he pushes his wheelchair over ''forty thousand kilometres'' around the world to raise money for research into spinal cord injuries. David Foster and John Parr write the song [[CrowningMusicOfAwesome [[SugarWiki/AwesomeMusic "St. Elmo's Fire (Man in Motion)"]] in his honour.



'''July 1990:''' The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oka_Crisis Oka Crisis.]] A golf course in the town of Oka, Québec releases plans to expand onto what the local Mohawk community of Kanesatake claim is traditional land. The resulting protests lead to weeks of confusion and tense stand offs between Native protesters, local police, and the Canadian Army. The only known casualty is SQ Corporal Marcel Lemay. 20 years later, his sister [[http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2010/07/07/f-francine-lemay-oka-reconciliation.html publishes a book]] detailing her own journey for understanding and forgiveness.

'''June 9, 1993:''' The Montreal Canadiens defeat the Los Angeles Kings in five games to win their twenty-fourth [[UsefulNotes/TheStanleyCup Stanley Cup]]. For some reason, the Canadiens fans decided a riot would be the perfect way to celebrate the win. It is also the last time (as of 2016) that a Canadian team won the Cup.

'''March 1, 1994:''' Justin Drew Bieber was born. Do you think that asks for another apology?

'''October 30, 1995:''' Québec has its second referendum to see if the province would bargain about leaving Canada. In a tense evening, the No/Non side wins with 50.58%. As it turned, as close as that vote was, it would be the last so far. Ironically, the Quebec premier, and the most ardent separatist leader of the day, Jacques Parizeau, inadvertently helped make that possible when he publicly embarrassed the Quebec sovereignty with a petulant SoreLoser speech in which he blamed the defeat on "Money and the ethnic vote." With that outburst, he guaranteed that minority communities would never support future independence with leaders of that kind of attitude, thus the needed "winning conditions" for a third referendum proved hopeless to achieve since then.

'''November, 1996:''' The last [[http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2008/05/16/f-faqs-residential-schools.html residential school]] closes in Saskatchewan. Since the 1800's, such schools had removed Native children from their families with the intent of making them fit with Canadian society through "aggressive assimilation." By the time the federal government realized the serious problems with this policy and begins shutting down the schools in the 1970s, thousands of kids had suffered physical, emotional, and in some cases sexual abuse in these schools, and a great deal of cultural heritage was lost as the kids never learned their own culture or language. In 2008, the Prime Minister formally [[http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2008/06/11/aboriginal-apology.html apologized]] for the tragedy, and in 2009 the Governor General re-introduced the [[http://www.trc.ca/websites/trcinstitution/index.php?p=26 Truth and Reconciliation Commission]] to collect stories from survivors of the residential school system and aid in healing.

to:

'''July 1990:''' The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oka_Crisis Oka Crisis.]] A golf course in the town of Oka, Québec releases plans to expand onto what the local Mohawk community of Kanesatake claim is traditional land. The resulting protests lead to weeks of confusion and tense stand offs between Native protesters, local police, and the Canadian Army. The only known casualty is SQ Corporal Marcel Lemay. 20 Twenty years later, his sister [[http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2010/07/07/f-francine-lemay-oka-reconciliation.html publishes a book]] detailing her own journey for understanding and forgiveness.

'''June 9, 1993:''' The Montreal Canadiens defeat the Los Angeles Kings in five games to win their twenty-fourth [[UsefulNotes/TheStanleyCup Stanley Cup]]. Cup.]] For some reason, the Canadiens fans decided a riot would be the perfect way to celebrate the win. It is also the last time (as of 2016) 2017) that a Canadian team won the Cup.

'''March 1, 1994:''' Justin Drew Bieber Music/JustinBieber was born. Do you think that asks for warrants another apology?

'''October 30, 1995:''' Québec has its second referendum to see if the province would bargain about leaving Canada. In a tense evening, the No/Non side wins with 50.58%. As it turned, as close as that vote was, it would be the last so far. Ironically, the Quebec Québec premier, and the most ardent separatist leader of the day, Jacques Parizeau, [[NiceJobBreakingItHero inadvertently helped helped]] [[NiceJobFixingItVillain make that possible possible]] when he publicly embarrassed the Quebec Québec sovereignty with a petulant SoreLoser speech in which he blamed the defeat on "Money and the ethnic vote." With that outburst, he all but guaranteed that minority communities would never support future independence with leaders of who had that kind of attitude, thus the needed "winning conditions" for a third referendum proved hopeless to achieve since then.

'''November, 1996:''' The last [[http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2008/05/16/f-faqs-residential-schools.html residential school]] closes in Saskatchewan. Since the 1800's, 1800s, such schools had removed Native children from their families with the intent of making them fit with Canadian society through "aggressive assimilation." By the time the federal government realized the serious problems with this policy and begins shutting down the schools in the 1970s, thousands of kids had suffered physical, emotional, and in some cases sexual abuse in these schools, and a great deal of cultural heritage was lost as the kids never learned their own culture or language. In 2008, the Prime Minister formally [[http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2008/06/11/aboriginal-apology.html apologized]] for the tragedy, and in 2009 the Governor General re-introduced reintroduced the [[http://www.trc.ca/websites/trcinstitution/index.php?p=26 Truth and Reconciliation Commission]] to collect stories from survivors of the residential school system and aid in healing.
healing.



'''2001:''' Canada invades Afghanistan as part of a NATO mission to capture Osama bin Laden in retaliation for 9/11. For the next ten years, Canadian troops were mostly based around Kandahar.

'''2002:''' Amidst pressure from the States, Canada refuses to participate in military action in Iraq. One noted Canadian political figure remarks ''"Iraq and Afghanistan are dangerous enemies, but the United States is a dangerous ally."''

'''July 20, 2005:''' Canada becomes the fourth country to legalize gay marriage. Eight provinces had already done so. The political support proved so powerful that when the Conservative PM Steve Harper rose to power, he staged a free vote in Parliament on the issue in anticipation of it going against him in order to move past the issue without alienating his base as fast he could.

'''June 22, 2006:''' Prime Minister Stephen Harper publicly (and in Cantonese) apologizes for the mistreatment of Chinese immigrants earlier in the country's history and announces that the survivors and their families will receive compensation for the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_head_tax head tax]].

to:

'''2001:''' Canada invades Afghanistan as part of a NATO mission to capture Osama bin Laden UsefulNotes/OsamaBinLaden in retaliation for 9/11. For the next ten years, Canadian troops were mostly based around Kandahar.

Kandahar.

'''2002:''' Amidst pressure from the States, Canada refuses to participate in military action in Iraq. One noted Canadian political figure remarks remarks, ''"Iraq and Afghanistan are dangerous enemies, but the United States is a dangerous ally."''

'''July 20, 2005:''' Canada becomes the fourth country to legalize gay marriage. Eight provinces had already done so. The political support proved so powerful that when the new Conservative PM Steve Party formed a government under new Prime Minister Stephen Harper rose to power, six months later, he staged a free vote in Parliament on the issue in anticipation of it going against him in order to move past the issue without alienating his base as fast he could.

'''June 22, 2006:''' Prime Minister Stephen Harper publicly (and in Cantonese) apologizes for the mistreatment of Chinese immigrants earlier early in the country's history and announces that the survivors and their families will receive compensation for the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_head_tax head tax]].
tax.]]



'''October 19, 2015:''': After nearly ten years of hard right rule (for Canada) by the Conservative Party under PM Stephen Harper, the party was toppled from power. That was made possible by Pierre Trudeau's son, Justin Trudeau, leapfrogged the Liberal Party of Canada from third place to the governing one with a strong majority in Parliament. This kind of victory has not happened since 1925 and it is the first time that the child of a Canadian Prime Minister has won the position himself.

'''May 3, 2016:''' A wildfire south of the town of Fort [=McMurray=], Alberta surges out of control to jump two rivers and surround the town, forcing a mass evacuation of over 88,000 people. The fire, nicknamed "The Beast" by firefighters for it's tendency to be savage and unpredictable, destroyed over 2,400 homes (10% of the town) before being turned away, though the dedicated action of the firefighters resulted in zero deaths from the fire (two people were killed in a car accident while evacuating). As well, firefighters were able to save all significant infrastructure allowing residents to return home starting June 1. This was the largest mass evacuation in Alberta's history and the most expensive natural disaster in Canadian history according to the Canadian Insurance Bureau.

'''August 20, 2016:''': Music/TheTragicallyHip play the [[http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/music/from-home-in-kingston-tragically-hip-weave-together-joy-sadness-and-a-country/article31480302/ final show]] in their Man Machine Poem tour in their hometown of Kingston, Ontario. Frontman Gord Downie had been diagnosed with terminal glioblastoma earlier in the year, but the band decided to go ahead with the tour as a final farewell and celebration. National broadcaster CBC cancels all other programming (during the Olympics) to play the concert with no commercial breaks, and towns and cities across the country host livestream events. An estimated 11.7 million people watch making it the 2nd most watched moment in Canadian broadcast history.

to:

'''October 19, 2015:''': 2015:''' After nearly ten years of hard right hard-right rule (for Canada) by the Conservative Party under PM Stephen Harper, the party was toppled from power. That was made possible by The new PM is Pierre Trudeau's eldest son, Justin Trudeau, leapfrogged who helped leapfrog the Liberal Party of Canada from third place to the governing one with a strong majority in Parliament. Parliament.[[note]]The Liberals win 184 seats out of 338 in the Commons (including every single seat in Atlantic and Northern Canada and at least one seat in every province/territory), the Conservatives 99, the New Democratic Party 44, the separatist Bloc Québécois ten, and the Green Party one.[[/note]] This kind of victory has not happened since 1925 and it is the first time that the child of a Canadian Prime Minister has won the position himself.

'''May 3, 2016:''' A wildfire south of the town of Fort [=McMurray=], Alberta Alberta, hotbed of tar-sands-oil-based development, surges out of control to jump two rivers and surround the town, forcing a mass evacuation of over 88,000 people. The fire, nicknamed "The Beast" by firefighters for it's its tendency to be savage and unpredictable, destroyed over 2,400 homes (10% of the town) before being turned away, though the dedicated action of the firefighters resulted in zero deaths from the fire (two people were killed died in a car accident while evacuating). As well, firefighters were able to save all significant infrastructure allowing residents to return home starting June 1. This was the largest mass evacuation in Alberta's history and the most expensive natural disaster in Canadian history according to the Canadian Insurance Bureau.

'''August 20, 2016:''': Music/TheTragicallyHip 2016:''' The Tragically Hip play the [[http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/music/from-home-in-kingston-tragically-hip-weave-together-joy-sadness-and-a-country/article31480302/ final show]] in their Man Machine Poem tour in their hometown of Kingston, Ontario. Frontman Gord Downie had been diagnosed with terminal glioblastoma (a rare form of brain cancer) earlier in the year, but the band decided to go ahead with the tour as a final farewell and celebration. National broadcaster CBC cancels all other programming (during the Olympics) to play the concert with no commercial breaks, and towns and cities across the country host livestream events. An estimated 11.7 million people watch watch, making it the 2nd second most watched moment in Canadian broadcast history.
5th Apr '17 7:18:39 AM sinesofinsanity
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'''May 3, 2016:''' A wildfire south of the town of Fort McMurray, Alberta surges out of control to jump two rivers and surround the town, forcing a mass evacuation of over 88,000 people. The fire, nicknamed "The Beast" by firefighters for it's tendency to be savage and unpredictable, destroyed over 2,400 homes (10% of the town) before being turned away, though the dedicated action of the firefighters resulted in zero deaths from the fire (two people were killed in a car accident while evacuating). As well, firefighters were able to save all significant infrastructure allowing residents to return home starting June 1. This was the largest mass evacuation in Alberta's history and the most expensive natural disaster in Canadian history according to the Canadian Insurance Bureau.

to:

'''May 3, 2016:''' A wildfire south of the town of Fort McMurray, [=McMurray=], Alberta surges out of control to jump two rivers and surround the town, forcing a mass evacuation of over 88,000 people. The fire, nicknamed "The Beast" by firefighters for it's tendency to be savage and unpredictable, destroyed over 2,400 homes (10% of the town) before being turned away, though the dedicated action of the firefighters resulted in zero deaths from the fire (two people were killed in a car accident while evacuating). As well, firefighters were able to save all significant infrastructure allowing residents to return home starting June 1. This was the largest mass evacuation in Alberta's history and the most expensive natural disaster in Canadian history according to the Canadian Insurance Bureau.
5th Apr '17 7:14:33 AM sinesofinsanity
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'''December 6, 1917:''' The munitions ship ''Mont Blanc'' collides with Norwegian vessel ''Imo'' in Halifax Harbour. She burns for twenty-five minutes before she explodes, levelling two square kilometres and killing over two thousand people. Train dispatcher Vince Coleman desperately sends a message to stop an inbound train carrying over seven hundred people, remaining at his post until he confirms the train's response. He does not survive. Until the Trinity test, this was the largest man-made explosion at the time, and remains the largest non-nuclear man-made explosion to this date[[labelnote:*: It's still possible to see how far the explosion reached from the bay by a clear delineation between "older" buildings and "newer" buildings in Halifax, though with rebuilding, it's more difficult each year]].

to:

'''December 6, 1917:''' The munitions ship ''Mont Blanc'' collides with Norwegian vessel ''Imo'' in Halifax Harbour. She burns for twenty-five minutes before she explodes, levelling two square kilometres and killing over two thousand people. Train dispatcher Vince Coleman desperately sends a message to stop an inbound train carrying over seven hundred people, remaining at his post until he confirms the train's response. He does not survive. Until the Trinity test, this was the largest man-made explosion at the time, and remains the largest non-nuclear man-made explosion to this date[[labelnote:*: date[[note]] It's still possible to see how far the explosion reached from the bay by a clear delineation between "older" buildings and "newer" buildings in Halifax, though with rebuilding, it's more difficult each year]].
year[[/note]].
5th Apr '17 7:11:00 AM sinesofinsanity
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

'''May 3, 2016:''' A wildfire south of the town of Fort McMurray, Alberta surges out of control to jump two rivers and surround the town, forcing a mass evacuation of over 88,000 people. The fire, nicknamed "The Beast" by firefighters for it's tendency to be savage and unpredictable, destroyed over 2,400 homes (10% of the town) before being turned away, though the dedicated action of the firefighters resulted in zero deaths from the fire (two people were killed in a car accident while evacuating). As well, firefighters were able to save all significant infrastructure allowing residents to return home starting June 1. This was the largest mass evacuation in Alberta's history and the most expensive natural disaster in Canadian history according to the Canadian Insurance Bureau.
31st Mar '17 7:06:05 PM JulianLapostat
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'''ca. 1000:''' Leif Ericson founds Vinland in what is now L'anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland. His men stay for a while until the natives kick them out for partying too hard.

to:

'''ca. 1000:''' [[UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge Leif Ericson founds Vinland Vinland]] in what is now L'anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland. His men stay for a while until the natives kick them out for partying too hard.
2nd Mar '17 8:27:45 PM PaladinPhoenix
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'''December 6, 1917:''' The munitions ship ''Mont Blanc'' collides with Norwegian vessel ''Imo'' in Halifax Harbour. She burns for twenty-five minutes before she explodes, levelling two square kilometres and killing over two thousand people. Train dispatcher Vince Coleman desperately sends a message to stop an inbound train carrying over seven hundred people, remaining at his post until he confirms the train's response. Until the Trinity test, this was the largest man-made explosion at the time.

to:

'''December 6, 1917:''' The munitions ship ''Mont Blanc'' collides with Norwegian vessel ''Imo'' in Halifax Harbour. She burns for twenty-five minutes before she explodes, levelling two square kilometres and killing over two thousand people. Train dispatcher Vince Coleman desperately sends a message to stop an inbound train carrying over seven hundred people, remaining at his post until he confirms the train's response. He does not survive. Until the Trinity test, this was the largest man-made explosion at the time.
time, and remains the largest non-nuclear man-made explosion to this date[[labelnote:*: It's still possible to see how far the explosion reached from the bay by a clear delineation between "older" buildings and "newer" buildings in Halifax, though with rebuilding, it's more difficult each year]].
28th Sep '16 7:31:56 AM sinesofinsanity
Is there an issue? Send a Message


'''October 19, 2015:''': After nearly ten years of hard right rule (for Canada) by the Conservative Party under PM Stephen Harper, the party was toppled from power. That was made possible by Pierre Trudeau's son, Justin Trudeau, leapfrogged the Liberal Party of Canada from third place to the governing one with a strong majority in Parliament. This kind of victory has not happened since 1925 and it is the first time that the child of a Canadian Prime Minister has won the position himself.

to:

'''October 19, 2015:''': After nearly ten years of hard right rule (for Canada) by the Conservative Party under PM Stephen Harper, the party was toppled from power. That was made possible by Pierre Trudeau's son, Justin Trudeau, leapfrogged the Liberal Party of Canada from third place to the governing one with a strong majority in Parliament. This kind of victory has not happened since 1925 and it is the first time that the child of a Canadian Prime Minister has won the position himself.himself.

'''August 20, 2016:''': Music/TheTragicallyHip play the [[http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/music/from-home-in-kingston-tragically-hip-weave-together-joy-sadness-and-a-country/article31480302/ final show]] in their Man Machine Poem tour in their hometown of Kingston, Ontario. Frontman Gord Downie had been diagnosed with terminal glioblastoma earlier in the year, but the band decided to go ahead with the tour as a final farewell and celebration. National broadcaster CBC cancels all other programming (during the Olympics) to play the concert with no commercial breaks, and towns and cities across the country host livestream events. An estimated 11.7 million people watch making it the 2nd most watched moment in Canadian broadcast history.
12th Aug '16 11:16:07 PM DarkSoldier
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'''May 5, 1893:''' The Montreal Hockey Club wins the first Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, better known as UsefulNotes/TheStanleyCup. The Cup will go on to become the most prestigious North American professional hockey trophy.



'''1958 - 1959:''' Avro Aircraft Ltd. designs, produces, and then (on order of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker) cancels the [[CoolPlane Avro Arrow]] supersonic interceptor program. Dan Aykroyd is not amused. While a marvel of engineering, [=ICBMs=] had rendered interceptors obsolete before the Arrow could be built, but the dismantling of the project was so complete and thorough that it essentially returned Canadian aviation back to square one--and we have been buying American fighter planes ever since.

to:

'''1958 - 1959:''' Avro Aircraft Ltd. designs, produces, and then (on order of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker) cancels the [[CoolPlane Avro Arrow]] supersonic interceptor program. Dan Aykroyd Creator/DanAykroyd is not amused. While a marvel of engineering, [=ICBMs=] had rendered interceptors obsolete before the Arrow could be built, but the dismantling of the project was so complete and thorough that it essentially returned Canadian aviation back to square one--and we have been buying American fighter planes ever since.



'''June 9, 1993:''' The Montreal Canadiens defeat the Los Angeles Kings in five games to win their twenty-fourth [[UsefulNotes/TheStanleyCup Stanley Cup]]. For some reason, the Canadiens fans decided a riot would be the perfect way to celebrate the win. It is also the last time (as of 2016) that a Canadian team won the Cup.



'''2001:''' Canada invades Afghanistan as part of a NATO mission to capture Osama bin Laden in retaliation for 9/11. For the next ten years Canadian troops were mostly based around Kandahar.

to:

'''2001:''' Canada invades Afghanistan as part of a NATO mission to capture Osama bin Laden in retaliation for 9/11. For the next ten years years, Canadian troops were mostly based around Kandahar.



'''October 19, 2015:''': After nearly 10 years of hard right rule (For Canada) by the Conservative Party under PM Steve Harper, the party was toppled from power. That was made possible by Pierre Trudeau's son, Justin Trudeau, leapfrogged the Liberal Party of Canada from third place to the governing one with a strong majority in Parliament. This kind of victory has not happened since 1925 and it is the first time that the child of a Canadian Prime Minister has won the position himself.

to:

'''October 19, 2015:''': After nearly 10 ten years of hard right rule (For (for Canada) by the Conservative Party under PM Steve Stephen Harper, the party was toppled from power. That was made possible by Pierre Trudeau's son, Justin Trudeau, leapfrogged the Liberal Party of Canada from third place to the governing one with a strong majority in Parliament. This kind of victory has not happened since 1925 and it is the first time that the child of a Canadian Prime Minister has won the position himself.
4th Feb '16 11:23:53 AM Theriocephalus
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'''ca. 20 000 - 10 000 BCE''': Siberians cross the Bering Strait by either a land bridge (due to lower ocean levels as a result of the ice age) or a sheet of ice (due to the… uh, Ice Age). Hundreds of unique cultures grow and develop up and down the Americas from these progenitors.

to:

'''ca. 20 000 - 10 000 BCE''': Siberians cross the Bering Strait by either a land bridge (due to lower ocean levels as a result of the ice age) Ice Age) or a sheet of ice (due to the… uh, Ice Age). Hundreds of unique cultures grow and develop up and down the Americas from these progenitors.
26th Oct '15 4:55:30 PM kchishol
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'''March 17, 1946:''' Jackie Robinson breaks baseball's colour line when he debuts at shortstop for the Montreal Royals, the International AAA affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers. Robinson will be called up for the 1947 season and eventually enter the MLB Hall of Fame.

to:

'''March 17, 1946:''' Jackie Robinson breaks baseball's colour line when he debuts at shortstop for the Montreal Royals, the International AAA affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers. Although the racist pressure on him almost drove him to a nervous breakdown, he survived in part because Montrealers hailed him as their summer sports hero and he backed that adulation with spectacular play. Robinson will be called up for the 1947 season and eventually enter the MLB Hall of Fame.
This list shows the last 10 events of 71. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.CanadianHistory