History UsefulNotes / BenitoMussolini

30th Jul '16 1:49:41 AM Jaro7788
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Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism]]. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.

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Once reviled as one of the architects of World War II, no better than Hitler, Mussolini slowly stepped out of the spotlight in the last few decades as more and more historians started arguing that his rule, at least as far as internal politics go, was no worse that that of most of Europe's dictatorships of the era, not least because of the extremely reluctant attitude of the Italian fascists towards the application of capital punishment; throughout their entire 21-year long rule as few as twenty three people are reported to have been executed by the state, many of whom were common criminals. Over time, Mussolini was also given credit for his refusal to deport Italy's Jews to the German camps. For this and other reasons (those other reasons being primarily his absolutely atrocious command of the military that only allowed Italy to beat vastly weaker enemies such as Albania or Ethiopia, making him seem less like a threat and more like a clown), Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does, does anymore, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism]]. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.
24th Jul '16 11:43:37 AM TheUnknownUploader
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* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[FunnyAneurysmMoment oddly prescient]].

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* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[HilariousInHindsight oddly]] [[FunnyAneurysmMoment oddly prescient]].
7th Jul '16 7:42:26 PM ArtemisPal
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That all said, there is a real historiographical debate about how much of a Fascist Mussolini really was - as the most notable members of his cabinet consisted of political opportunists rather than die-hard Fascist fanatics - and Mussolini himself seemed to waver a lot when asked how far the Fascist revolution was intended to go. On at least one occasion, he even said that Italy was not ready to be Fascist. In other words, he seemed to believe in Fascism, but was too cynical about Italy and politics in general to believe that a Fascist revolution could take place and thus was content to run a straight-up dictatorship with Fascist dressing, electing to maintain his position rather than upsetting the status quo. Thus, UsefulNotes/FascistItaly was not as totalitarian as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany or Stalinist Russia - although it was a one-party state with media controlled and opposition banned, people were rarely killed for political reasons. It remained a de jure monarchy and was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church, with whom the Fascists maintained a complex relationship. During the interwar years, Italy was well known for its aggressive foreign policy: aside from conquering Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and participating in World War II, the Fascists also entered the Spanish Civil War (on the side of Francisco Franco), severely oppressed their colonies in Libya and Somalia, attacked the Greek island of Corfu to force diplomatic concessions, and invaded Albania as a show of power following Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia. Although Mussolini ruled for more than 20 years, several parts of Italy barely noticed any change from the previous fifty.

to:

That all said, there is a real historiographical debate about how much of a Fascist Mussolini really was - as the most notable members of his cabinet consisted of political opportunists rather than die-hard Fascist fanatics - and Mussolini himself seemed to waver a lot when asked how far the Fascist revolution was intended to go. On at least one occasion, he even said that Italy was not ready to be Fascist. In other words, he seemed to believe in Fascism, but was too cynical about Italy and politics in general to believe that a Fascist revolution could take place and thus was content to run a straight-up dictatorship with Fascist dressing, electing to maintain his position rather than upsetting the status quo. Thus, UsefulNotes/FascistItaly was not as totalitarian as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany or Stalinist Russia - although it was a one-party state with media controlled and opposition banned, people were rarely killed for political reasons. It remained a de jure monarchy and was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church, Church (though ironically Mussolini was virulently anti-theist atheist and held Christianity in contempt over all other religions), with whom the Fascists maintained a complex relationship. During the interwar years, Italy was well known for its aggressive foreign policy: aside from conquering Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and participating in World War II, the Fascists also entered the Spanish Civil War (on the side of Francisco Franco), severely oppressed their colonies in Libya and Somalia, attacked the Greek island of Corfu to force diplomatic concessions, and invaded Albania as a show of power following Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia. Although Mussolini ruled for more than 20 years, several parts of Italy barely noticed any change from the previous fifty.
18th Apr '16 6:21:30 AM Nohbody
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Today, he is most famous for being the [[OlderThanTheyThink first fascist ruler of any country]], and for his colonial war against Ethiopia in 1935 (called Abyssinia at the time) which proved the ridiculous incompetence of the [[DoomedMoralVictor League of Nations]]. He was a close ally of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler and fought on UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's side during [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the war]], although the Italian Army were [[StopHelpingMe more of a hindrance to the Nazis than a help]]. To be fair, when Hitler wanted Italy to enter the war, Mussolini said what amounted to "[[UnfinishedUntestedUsedAnyway can it wait until I've industrialized my country in five years?]]" (this may have been a random number chosen to delay Italian entry ''indefinitely''... until Germany [[CurbStompBattle annexed half the continent with ease]], at least).

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Today, he is most famous for being the [[OlderThanTheyThink first fascist ruler of any country]], and for his colonial war against Ethiopia in 1935 (called Abyssinia at the time) which proved the ridiculous incompetence of the [[DoomedMoralVictor League of Nations]]. He was a close ally of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler and fought on UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's side during [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the war]], although the Italian Army were [[StopHelpingMe [[UnwantedAssistance more of a hindrance to the Nazis than a help]]. To be fair, when Hitler wanted Italy to enter the war, Mussolini said what amounted to "[[UnfinishedUntestedUsedAnyway can it wait until I've industrialized my country in five years?]]" (this may have been a random number chosen to delay Italian entry ''indefinitely''... until Germany [[CurbStompBattle annexed half the continent with ease]], at least).
18th Mar '16 9:56:30 AM penguinist
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* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]].

to:

* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[FunnyAneurysmMoment oddly prescient]].
31st Dec '15 6:34:24 PM Anddrix
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* In the pilot episode of Marvel's ''Series/AgentsOfSHIELD'', Agent Coulson refers to SelfDemonstrating/{{Loki}} as "the Asgardian Mussolini."

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* In the pilot episode of Marvel's ''Series/AgentsOfSHIELD'', Agent Coulson refers to SelfDemonstrating/{{Loki}} Loki as "the Asgardian Mussolini."
17th Nov '15 6:31:21 PM PaulA
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* He is the narrator of a chapter in ''Captain Corelli's Mandolin''. The entire chapter is a furious megalomaniac rant by Mussolini, where he raves about [[TheSocialDarwinist the "survival of the fittest"]], praises the discipline and martial virtues of the Roman Empire, and how he wants the Italian people to have "ice in their soul". It ends with Mussolini being disturbed by his cat, and promptly [[KickTheDog kicking the cat to death.]]

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* He is the narrator of a chapter in ''Captain Corelli's Mandolin''.''Literature/CaptainCorellisMandolin''. The entire chapter is a furious megalomaniac rant by Mussolini, where he raves about [[TheSocialDarwinist the "survival of the fittest"]], praises the discipline and martial virtues of the Roman Empire, and how he wants the Italian people to have "ice in their soul". It ends with Mussolini being disturbed by his cat, and promptly [[KickTheDog kicking the cat to death.]] death]].
23rd Sep '15 12:46:05 PM Michael
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Added DiffLines:

* In one episode of ''Series/{{Lovejoy}}'' the latest GrailInTheGarbage turns out to be a stone nose broken off a statue of Mussolini in wartime Italy.
13th Jun '15 5:12:47 PM AllenbysEyes
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Added DiffLines:

* Rod Steiger played Mussolini again in the Italian film ''The Last Days of Mussolini''.
21st May '15 9:06:03 PM Angeldeb82
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Soon after the British and Americans began their invasion of Italy, Mussolini was [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness deposed]] by King Victor Emmanuel III following a de facto vote of no confidence in the Grand Council of Fascism on 25 July 1943. In September [[HeelFaceTurn the Italians joined the Allies and declared war on Germany]]. The Germans responded by invading Italy and forcing Mussolini, by now wanting to retire, to form a Nazi state called the Italian Social Republic. He was caught while fleeing to Switzerland and executed by the [[LaResistance Italian resistance]] in 1945. They shot him in the gut first, [[NoKillLikeOverkill dragged him into the nearby city of Milan and then hung him upside-down at a gas station while crowds of angry Italians spat and threw things (trash, bricks, other unpleasant things) at his body]].

Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism.]] Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's [[Music/SimonAndGarfunkel Simon]].

to:

Soon after the British and Americans began their invasion of Italy, Mussolini was [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness deposed]] by King Victor Emmanuel III following a de facto vote of no confidence in the Grand Council of Fascism on 25 July 1943. In September [[HeelFaceTurn the Italians joined the Allies and declared war on Germany]]. The Germans responded by invading Italy and forcing Mussolini, by now wanting to retire, to form a Nazi state called the Italian Social Republic. He was caught while fleeing to Switzerland and executed by the [[LaResistance Italian resistance]] in 1945. They shot him in the gut first, [[NoKillLikeOverkill [[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill dragged him into the nearby city of Milan and then hung him upside-down at a gas station while crowds of angry Italians spat and threw things (trash, bricks, other unpleasant things) at his body]].

Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism.]] Nazism]]. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's [[Music/SimonAndGarfunkel Simon]].Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.



* Mussolini plays an important part in Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle's [[Literature/TheDivineComedy Dante]]-based ScienceFiction novel, ''Literature/{{Inferno}}'', where he [[spoiler:guides the novel's protagonist [[ToHellAndBack Through Hell And (Not-Quite) Back]]]].

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* Mussolini plays an important part in Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle's [[Literature/TheDivineComedy Dante]]-based ScienceFiction novel, ''Literature/{{Inferno}}'', where he [[spoiler:guides the novel's protagonist [[ToHellAndBack Through Hell And and (Not-Quite) Back]]]].



* Homer from WesternAnimation/{{the Simpsons}} non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]].

to:

* Homer from WesternAnimation/{{the Simpsons}} ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]].



* Mussolini was brought to the present in a time machine to fight against Creator/RobertoBenigni in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/CelebrityDeathmatch''. In this episode Mussolini also inexplicably wears a ''pickelhaube'' helmet, which is a German military helmet from WorldWarOne!

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* Mussolini was brought to the present in a time machine to fight against Creator/RobertoBenigni in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/CelebrityDeathmatch''. In this episode Mussolini also inexplicably wears a ''pickelhaube'' helmet, which is a German military helmet from WorldWarOne!UsefulNotes/WorldWarI!
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