History UsefulNotes / BenitoMussolini

26th Oct '16 4:03:57 AM Morgenthaler
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* One episode of ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' had Carla trying to get around a family naming tradition that would have unintentionally forced the name "Benito Mussolini" onto her unborn baby.

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[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* One episode In ''ComicStrip/{{Mafalda}}'', Miguelito's grandfather is an admirer of ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' had Carla trying Mussolini. He even manages to get around a family naming tradition that would have unintentionally forced trace the name "Benito Mussolini" onto her unborn baby.Moon Landing to Mussolini (Mussolini -> Hitler -> Von Braun -> NASA -> Moon Landing).



* Mussolini makes an appearance in Creator/{{Disney}}'s UsefulNotes/WorldWarII propaganda short, "Disney/DerFuehrersFace".
* Mussolini is also caricatured in ''WesternAnimation/TheDucktators'' and ''WesternAnimation/TokioJokio''.



* He is the narrator of a chapter in ''Literature/CaptainCorellisMandolin''. The entire chapter is a furious megalomaniac rant by Mussolini, where he raves about [[TheSocialDarwinist the "survival of the fittest"]], praises the discipline and martial virtues of the Roman Empire, and how he wants the Italian people to have "ice in their soul". It ends with Mussolini being disturbed by his cat, and promptly [[KickTheDog kicking the cat to death]].
* Mussolini plays an important part in Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle's [[Literature/TheDivineComedy Dante]]-based ScienceFiction novel, ''Literature/{{Inferno}}'', where he [[spoiler:guides the novel's protagonist [[ToHellAndBack Through Hell and (Not-Quite) Back]]]].
* In ''Webcomic/ThePrideOfLife'', Othello's superbeasts are named for European dictators, including "Mussol" for Mussolini.
* Mussolini appears in LemonDemon's "Music/UltimateShowdownOfUltimateDestiny" as part of the BadassCrew that takes down MemeticBadass Creator/ChuckNorris.
* In Harry Turtledove's ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'', Mussolini is overthrown when Italy is eventually overrun by the Race, but is busted out of prison by Otto Skorzeny and later seen in exile in the United States.
* ''Literature/AGreaterBritain'', a work aimed at rescuing Oswald Mosley from the scrappy heap, does the same to Mussolini: he fights on the Allied side of the truncated equivalent to UsefulNotes/WW2, and it reflects on his political gifts which tend to be brushed over nowadays.



* Joey from Series/{{Friends}} claimed his grandmother was the 6th person to spit on Mussolini's corpse.
* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it went horribly wrong.
** Also, Milhouse's full name is "Milhouse Mussolini Van Houten".

to:

* Joey from Series/{{Friends}} claimed his grandmother was the 6th person to spit on Mussolini's corpse.
* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it went horribly wrong.
** Also, Milhouse's full name is "Milhouse Mussolini Van Houten".
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]



* In ''Series/TheOfficeUS'' Dwight reads a speech by Benito Mussolini apparently trying to say that paper salesmen are a ProudWarriorRace.
** "We... Are... Warriors!"
* Mussolini was brought to the present in a time machine to fight against Creator/RobertoBenigni in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/CelebrityDeathmatch''. In this episode Mussolini also inexplicably wears a ''pickelhaube'' helmet, which is a German military helmet from UsefulNotes/WorldWarI!



* In ''ComicBook/{{Mafalda}}'', Miguelito's grandfather is an admirer of Mussolini. He even manages to trace the Moon Landing to Mussolini (Mussolini -> Hitler -> Von Braun -> NASA -> Moon Landing).
* [[http://xkcd.com/282/ This]] ''Webcomic/{{xkcd}}'' strip.



[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* He is the narrator of a chapter in ''Literature/CaptainCorellisMandolin''. The entire chapter is a furious megalomaniac rant by Mussolini, where he raves about [[TheSocialDarwinist the "survival of the fittest"]], praises the discipline and martial virtues of the Roman Empire, and how he wants the Italian people to have "ice in their soul". It ends with Mussolini being disturbed by his cat, and promptly [[KickTheDog kicking the cat to death]].
* Mussolini plays an important part in Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle's [[Literature/TheDivineComedy Dante]]-based ScienceFiction novel, ''Literature/{{Inferno}}'', where he [[spoiler:guides the novel's protagonist [[ToHellAndBack Through Hell and (Not-Quite) Back]]]].
* In Harry Turtledove's ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'', Mussolini is overthrown when Italy is eventually overrun by the Race, but is busted out of prison by Otto Skorzeny and later seen in exile in the United States.
* ''Literature/AGreaterBritain'', a work aimed at rescuing Oswald Mosley from the scrappy heap, does the same to Mussolini: he fights on the Allied side of the truncated equivalent to UsefulNotes/WW2, and it reflects on his political gifts which tend to be brushed over nowadays.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* One episode of ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' had Carla trying to get around a family naming tradition that would have unintentionally forced the name "Benito Mussolini" onto her unborn baby.
* Joey from Series/{{Friends}} claimed his grandmother was the 6th person to spit on Mussolini's corpse.
* In ''Series/TheOfficeUS'' Dwight reads a speech by Benito Mussolini apparently trying to say that paper salesmen are a ProudWarriorRace.
--> "We... Are... Warriors!"



* On Music/ScottWalker's 2006 album ''The Drift'' there's a song called "Clara", which is supposedly sung by Mussolini to his mistress Clara Petacci while they're hanging from the gas station.
* The Music/BigBlack song "Il Duce" is about Mussolini.


Added DiffLines:

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Mussolini appears in LemonDemon's "Music/UltimateShowdownOfUltimateDestiny" as part of the BadassCrew that takes down MemeticBadass Creator/ChuckNorris.
* On Music/ScottWalker's 2006 album ''The Drift'' there's a song called "Clara", which is supposedly sung by Mussolini to his mistress Clara Petacci while they're hanging from the gas station.
* The Music/BigBlack song "Il Duce" is about Mussolini.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* In ''Webcomic/ThePrideOfLife'', Othello's superbeasts are named for European dictators, including "Mussol" for Mussolini.
* [[http://xkcd.com/282/ This]] ''Webcomic/{{xkcd}}'' strip.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Mussolini makes an appearance in Creator/{{Disney}}'s UsefulNotes/WorldWarII propaganda short, "Disney/DerFuehrersFace".
* Mussolini is also caricatured in ''WesternAnimation/TheDucktators'' and ''WesternAnimation/TokioJokio''.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** Homer non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it went horribly wrong.
** Milhouse's full name is "Milhouse Mussolini Van Houten".
* Mussolini was brought to the present in a time machine to fight against Creator/RobertoBenigni in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/CelebrityDeathmatch''. In this episode Mussolini also inexplicably wears a ''pickelhaube'' helmet, which is a German military helmet from UsefulNotes/WorldWarI!
[[/folder]]
8th Oct '16 2:24:47 AM TheWildWestPyro
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[[quoteright:289:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/BenitoMussolini_8487.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:289:Il [[JustForPun Douche.]]]]

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[[quoteright:289:http://static.[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/BenitoMussolini_8487.org/pmwiki/pub/images/benito_mussolini_duce.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:289:Il [[caption-width-right:350:Il [[JustForPun Douche.]]]]
19th Sep '16 6:55:53 PM maxwellsilver
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* In Harry Turtledove's ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'', Mussolini is overthrown when Italy is eventually overrun by the Race, but is busted out of prison by [[CrazyAwesome Otto Skorzeny]] and later seen in exile in the United States.

to:

* In Harry Turtledove's ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'', Mussolini is overthrown when Italy is eventually overrun by the Race, but is busted out of prison by [[CrazyAwesome Otto Skorzeny]] Skorzeny and later seen in exile in the United States.



* ''Magazine/TheBeano'' had two main wartime comic strips, ''Addie and Hermie'' (about Hitler and Goering) and ''Musso [[OnceAcceptableTargets the Wop]]'', which used Italian stereotypes cheerfully and mocked the Italian Army for its lack of success in North Africa.

to:

* ''Magazine/TheBeano'' had two main wartime comic strips, ''Addie and Hermie'' (about Hitler and Goering) and ''Musso [[OnceAcceptableTargets the Wop]]'', Wop'', which used Italian stereotypes cheerfully and mocked the Italian Army for its lack of success in North Africa.



* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[HilariousInHindsight oddly]] [[FunnyAneurysmMoment prescient]].

to:

* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[HilariousInHindsight oddly]] [[FunnyAneurysmMoment prescient]].wrong.



** [[PunctuatedForEmphasis "We... Are... Warriors!"]]

to:

** [[PunctuatedForEmphasis "We... Are... Warriors!"]]Warriors!"



* In ''ComicBook/{{Mafalda}}'', Miguelito's grandfather is an admirer of Mussolini. He even [[InsaneTrollLogic manages to trace the]] [[SpaceRace Moon Landing]] to Mussolini (Mussolini -> Hitler -> Von Braun -> NASA -> Moon Landing).

to:

* In ''ComicBook/{{Mafalda}}'', Miguelito's grandfather is an admirer of Mussolini. He even [[InsaneTrollLogic manages to trace the]] [[SpaceRace the Moon Landing]] Landing to Mussolini (Mussolini -> Hitler -> Von Braun -> NASA -> Moon Landing).



* On Music/ScottWalker's 2006 album ''The Drift'' there's a song called "Clara", which is supposedly sung by Mussolini to his mistress Clara Petacci while they're [[DeadAllAlong hanging from the gas station]].

to:

* On Music/ScottWalker's 2006 album ''The Drift'' there's a song called "Clara", which is supposedly sung by Mussolini to his mistress Clara Petacci while they're [[DeadAllAlong hanging from the gas station]].station.
19th Sep '16 6:53:43 PM maxwellsilver
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'''Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini''' (1883-1945) was an [[UsefulNotes/FascistItaly Italian fascist]] politician who was leader of Italy from 1922, pretty much up to his death. Unlike his German contemporary UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler, [[TheManBehindTheMan he was never in official command of his nation]] due to King Victor Emmanuel nominally being Mussolini's boss.

Mussolini first got the idea for fascism when he was a [[RedShirtReporter war reporter]] in the trenches of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, following around the soldiers (and later becoming one). And he liked what he saw in the Army: he wanted to create a society organized like a military battalion, a rigid conformist society with no dissenters to undermine patriotic values.

Today, he is most famous for being the [[OlderThanTheyThink first fascist ruler of any country]], and for his colonial war against Ethiopia in 1935 (called Abyssinia at the time) which proved the ridiculous incompetence of the [[DoomedMoralVictor League of Nations]]. He was a close ally of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler and fought on UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's side during [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the war]], although the Italian Army were [[UnwantedAssistance more of a hindrance to the Nazis than a help]]. To be fair, when Hitler wanted Italy to enter the war, Mussolini said what amounted to "[[UnfinishedUntestedUsedAnyway can it wait until I've industrialized my country in five years?]]" (this may have been a random number chosen to delay Italian entry ''indefinitely''... until Germany [[CurbStompBattle annexed half the continent with ease]], at least).

That all said, there is a real historiographical debate about how much of a Fascist Mussolini really was - as the most notable members of his cabinet consisted of political opportunists rather than die-hard Fascist fanatics - and Mussolini himself seemed to waver a lot when asked how far the Fascist revolution was intended to go. On at least one occasion, he even said that Italy was not ready to be Fascist. In other words, he seemed to believe in Fascism, but was too cynical about Italy and politics in general to believe that a Fascist revolution could take place and thus was content to run a straight-up dictatorship with Fascist dressing, electing to maintain his position rather than upsetting the status quo. Thus, UsefulNotes/FascistItaly was not as totalitarian as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany or Stalinist Russia - although it was a one-party state with media controlled and opposition banned, people were rarely killed for political reasons. It remained a de jure monarchy and was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church (though ironically Mussolini was virulently anti-theist atheist and held Christianity in contempt over all other religions), with whom the Fascists maintained a complex relationship. During the interwar years, Italy was well known for its aggressive foreign policy: aside from conquering Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and participating in World War II, the Fascists also entered the Spanish Civil War (on the side of Francisco Franco), severely oppressed their colonies in Libya and Somalia, attacked the Greek island of Corfu to force diplomatic concessions, and invaded Albania as a show of power following Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia. Although Mussolini ruled for more than 20 years, several parts of Italy barely noticed any change from the previous fifty.

Soon after the British and Americans began their invasion of Italy, Mussolini was [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness deposed]] by King Victor Emmanuel III following a de facto vote of no confidence in the Grand Council of Fascism on 25 July 1943. In September [[HeelFaceTurn the Italians joined the Allies and declared war on Germany]]. The Germans responded by invading Italy and forcing Mussolini, by now wanting to retire, to form a Nazi state called the Italian Social Republic. He was caught while fleeing to Switzerland and executed by the [[LaResistance Italian resistance]] in 1945. They shot him in the gut first, [[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill dragged him into the nearby city of Milan and then hung him upside-down at a gas station while crowds of angry Italians spat and threw things (trash, bricks, other unpleasant things) at his body]].

Once reviled as one of the architects of World War II, no better than Hitler, Mussolini slowly stepped out of the spotlight in the last few decades as more and more historians started arguing that his rule, at least as far as internal politics go, was no worse that that of most of Europe's dictatorships of the era, not least because of the extremely reluctant attitude of the Italian fascists towards the application of capital punishment; throughout their entire 21-year long rule as few as twenty three people are reported to have been executed by the state, many of whom were common criminals. Over time, Mussolini was also given credit for his refusal to deport Italy's Jews to the German camps. For this and other reasons (those other reasons being primarily his absolutely atrocious command of the military that only allowed Italy to beat vastly weaker enemies such as Albania or Ethiopia, making him seem less like a threat and more like a clown), Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does anymore, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism]]. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.

to:

'''Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini''' (1883-1945) was an [[UsefulNotes/FascistItaly Italian fascist]] politician who was leader of Italy from 1922, pretty much up to his death. Unlike his German contemporary UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler, [[TheManBehindTheMan he was never in official command of his nation]] nation due to King Victor Emmanuel nominally being Mussolini's boss.

Mussolini first got the idea for fascism when he was a [[RedShirtReporter war reporter]] reporter in the trenches of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, following around the soldiers (and later becoming one). And he liked what he saw in the Army: he wanted to create a society organized like a military battalion, a rigid conformist society with no dissenters to undermine patriotic values.

Today, he is most famous for being the [[OlderThanTheyThink first fascist ruler of any country]], country, and for his colonial war against Ethiopia in 1935 (called Abyssinia at the time) which proved the ridiculous incompetence of the [[DoomedMoralVictor League of Nations]]. Nations. He was a close ally of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler Adolf Hitler and fought on UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's side during [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the war]], UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, although the Italian Army were [[UnwantedAssistance more of a hindrance to the Nazis than a help]]. help. To be fair, when Hitler wanted Italy to enter the war, Mussolini said what amounted to "[[UnfinishedUntestedUsedAnyway can "can it wait until I've industrialized my country in five years?]]" years?" (this may have been a random number chosen to delay Italian entry ''indefinitely''... until Germany [[CurbStompBattle annexed half the continent with ease]], ease, at least).

That all said, there is a real historiographical debate about how much of a Fascist Mussolini really was - -- as the most notable members of his cabinet consisted of political opportunists rather than die-hard Fascist fanatics - -- and Mussolini himself seemed to waver a lot when asked how far the Fascist revolution was intended to go. On at least one occasion, he even said that Italy was not ready to be Fascist. In other words, he seemed to believe in Fascism, but was too cynical about Italy and politics in general to believe that a Fascist revolution could take place and thus was content to run a straight-up dictatorship with Fascist dressing, electing to maintain his position rather than upsetting the status quo. Thus, UsefulNotes/FascistItaly was not as totalitarian as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany or Stalinist Russia - -- although it was a one-party state with media controlled and opposition banned, people were rarely killed for political reasons. It remained a de jure monarchy and was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church (though ironically Mussolini was virulently anti-theist atheist and held Christianity in contempt over all other religions), with whom the Fascists maintained a complex relationship. During the interwar years, Italy was well known for its aggressive foreign policy: aside from conquering Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and participating in World War II, the Fascists also entered the Spanish Civil War (on the side of Francisco Franco), severely oppressed their colonies in Libya and Somalia, attacked the Greek island of Corfu to force diplomatic concessions, and invaded Albania as a show of power following Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia. Although Mussolini ruled for more than 20 years, several parts of Italy barely noticed any change from the previous fifty.

Soon after the British and Americans began their invasion of Italy, Mussolini was [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness deposed]] deposed by King Victor Emmanuel III following a de facto vote of no confidence in the Grand Council of Fascism on 25 July 1943. In September [[HeelFaceTurn the Italians joined the Allies and declared war on Germany]].Germany. The Germans responded by invading Italy and forcing Mussolini, by now wanting to retire, to form a Nazi state called the Italian Social Republic. He was caught while fleeing to Switzerland and executed by the [[LaResistance Italian resistance]] resistance in 1945. They shot him in the gut first, [[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill dragged him into the nearby city of Milan and then hung him upside-down at a gas station while crowds of angry Italians spat and threw things (trash, bricks, other unpleasant things) at his body]].

body.

Once reviled as one of the architects of World War II, no better than Hitler, Mussolini slowly stepped out of the spotlight in the last few decades as more and more historians started arguing that his rule, at least as far as internal politics go, was no worse that than that of most of Europe's dictatorships of the era, not least because of the extremely reluctant attitude of the Italian fascists towards the application of capital punishment; throughout their entire 21-year long rule as few as twenty three people are reported to have been executed by the state, many of whom were common criminals. Over time, Mussolini was also given credit for his refusal to deport Italy's Jews to the German camps. For this and other reasons (those other reasons being primarily his absolutely atrocious command of the military that only allowed Italy to beat vastly weaker enemies such as Albania or Ethiopia, making him seem less like a threat and more like a clown), Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does anymore, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism]]. Nazism. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] Garfunkel to Hitler's Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.



* One episode of ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' had Carla trying to get around a family naming tradition that would have [[UnfortunateImplications unintentionally]] [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast forced the name "Benito Mussolini"]] onto her unborn baby.

to:

* One episode of ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' had Carla trying to get around a family naming tradition that would have [[UnfortunateImplications unintentionally]] [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast unintentionally forced the name "Benito Mussolini"]] Mussolini" onto her unborn baby.
19th Sep '16 6:36:25 PM maxwellsilver
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->''"Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be known in history as [[HarsherInHindsight the century of Fascism]]." ''

to:

->''"Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be known in history as [[HarsherInHindsight the century of Fascism]].Fascism." ''
30th Jul '16 1:49:41 AM Jaro7788
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Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism]]. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.

to:

Once reviled as one of the architects of World War II, no better than Hitler, Mussolini slowly stepped out of the spotlight in the last few decades as more and more historians started arguing that his rule, at least as far as internal politics go, was no worse that that of most of Europe's dictatorships of the era, not least because of the extremely reluctant attitude of the Italian fascists towards the application of capital punishment; throughout their entire 21-year long rule as few as twenty three people are reported to have been executed by the state, many of whom were common criminals. Over time, Mussolini was also given credit for his refusal to deport Italy's Jews to the German camps. For this and other reasons (those other reasons being primarily his absolutely atrocious command of the military that only allowed Italy to beat vastly weaker enemies such as Albania or Ethiopia, making him seem less like a threat and more like a clown), Mussolini does not come up in history quite as often as Hitler does, does anymore, despite [[FollowTheLeader being a significant influence on the development of Nazism]]. Basically, he was the [[LesserStar Garfunkel]] to Hitler's Music/{{Simon|AndGarfunkel}}.
24th Jul '16 11:43:37 AM TheUnknownUploader
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* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[FunnyAneurysmMoment oddly prescient]].

to:

* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[HilariousInHindsight oddly]] [[FunnyAneurysmMoment oddly prescient]].
7th Jul '16 7:42:26 PM ArtemisPal
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That all said, there is a real historiographical debate about how much of a Fascist Mussolini really was - as the most notable members of his cabinet consisted of political opportunists rather than die-hard Fascist fanatics - and Mussolini himself seemed to waver a lot when asked how far the Fascist revolution was intended to go. On at least one occasion, he even said that Italy was not ready to be Fascist. In other words, he seemed to believe in Fascism, but was too cynical about Italy and politics in general to believe that a Fascist revolution could take place and thus was content to run a straight-up dictatorship with Fascist dressing, electing to maintain his position rather than upsetting the status quo. Thus, UsefulNotes/FascistItaly was not as totalitarian as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany or Stalinist Russia - although it was a one-party state with media controlled and opposition banned, people were rarely killed for political reasons. It remained a de jure monarchy and was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church, with whom the Fascists maintained a complex relationship. During the interwar years, Italy was well known for its aggressive foreign policy: aside from conquering Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and participating in World War II, the Fascists also entered the Spanish Civil War (on the side of Francisco Franco), severely oppressed their colonies in Libya and Somalia, attacked the Greek island of Corfu to force diplomatic concessions, and invaded Albania as a show of power following Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia. Although Mussolini ruled for more than 20 years, several parts of Italy barely noticed any change from the previous fifty.

to:

That all said, there is a real historiographical debate about how much of a Fascist Mussolini really was - as the most notable members of his cabinet consisted of political opportunists rather than die-hard Fascist fanatics - and Mussolini himself seemed to waver a lot when asked how far the Fascist revolution was intended to go. On at least one occasion, he even said that Italy was not ready to be Fascist. In other words, he seemed to believe in Fascism, but was too cynical about Italy and politics in general to believe that a Fascist revolution could take place and thus was content to run a straight-up dictatorship with Fascist dressing, electing to maintain his position rather than upsetting the status quo. Thus, UsefulNotes/FascistItaly was not as totalitarian as UsefulNotes/NaziGermany or Stalinist Russia - although it was a one-party state with media controlled and opposition banned, people were rarely killed for political reasons. It remained a de jure monarchy and was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church, Church (though ironically Mussolini was virulently anti-theist atheist and held Christianity in contempt over all other religions), with whom the Fascists maintained a complex relationship. During the interwar years, Italy was well known for its aggressive foreign policy: aside from conquering Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and participating in World War II, the Fascists also entered the Spanish Civil War (on the side of Francisco Franco), severely oppressed their colonies in Libya and Somalia, attacked the Greek island of Corfu to force diplomatic concessions, and invaded Albania as a show of power following Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia. Although Mussolini ruled for more than 20 years, several parts of Italy barely noticed any change from the previous fifty.
18th Apr '16 6:21:30 AM Nohbody
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Today, he is most famous for being the [[OlderThanTheyThink first fascist ruler of any country]], and for his colonial war against Ethiopia in 1935 (called Abyssinia at the time) which proved the ridiculous incompetence of the [[DoomedMoralVictor League of Nations]]. He was a close ally of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler and fought on UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's side during [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the war]], although the Italian Army were [[StopHelpingMe more of a hindrance to the Nazis than a help]]. To be fair, when Hitler wanted Italy to enter the war, Mussolini said what amounted to "[[UnfinishedUntestedUsedAnyway can it wait until I've industrialized my country in five years?]]" (this may have been a random number chosen to delay Italian entry ''indefinitely''... until Germany [[CurbStompBattle annexed half the continent with ease]], at least).

to:

Today, he is most famous for being the [[OlderThanTheyThink first fascist ruler of any country]], and for his colonial war against Ethiopia in 1935 (called Abyssinia at the time) which proved the ridiculous incompetence of the [[DoomedMoralVictor League of Nations]]. He was a close ally of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler and fought on UsefulNotes/NaziGermany's side during [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the war]], although the Italian Army were [[StopHelpingMe [[UnwantedAssistance more of a hindrance to the Nazis than a help]]. To be fair, when Hitler wanted Italy to enter the war, Mussolini said what amounted to "[[UnfinishedUntestedUsedAnyway can it wait until I've industrialized my country in five years?]]" (this may have been a random number chosen to delay Italian entry ''indefinitely''... until Germany [[CurbStompBattle annexed half the continent with ease]], at least).
18th Mar '16 9:56:30 AM penguinist
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* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]].

to:

* Homer from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' non-deliberately mimics Mussolini's way of gesturing during speeches (fittingly held from a balcony during their holiday stay in Italy) during the episode ''Recap/TheSimpsonsS17E8TheItalianBob''. He actually wanted to mimic Creator/DonaldTrump, but it [[GoneHorriblyWrong went horribly wrong]]. By 2016, however, this seems [[FunnyAneurysmMoment oddly prescient]].
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