0 Days Left to Support a Troper-Created Project : Personal Space (discuss)

History UsefulNotes / Bahrain

25th Aug '15 5:39:52 PM Soufriere
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Bahrain ('''''Arabic:''' البحرين‎ al-Baḥrayn; '''Persian:''' ‏بحرین‎ Bahreyn''), also known as the Kingdom of Bahrain ('''''Arabic:''' مملكة البحرين Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn'') is a country in the Middle East. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and dependent on oil revenues until recently.

It was ruled by UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} for around 80 years (to be more precise, from 1521 to 1602).

What set it apart is that while the ruling king is Sunni, the majority are Shia. The fact that Iran once held the island in Parthian and Sassanid times, a claim that Islamic Iran held until recently didn't helped. It was once a British protectorate until 1971.

In 2011, it was wracked by protests by the Shia majority against the Sunni-dominated government. Many in the Bahraini government suspect Iranian involvement [in which Iran denied], but there are some Sunnis who were unhappy with the king as well. The fact that the protests are brutal is an understatement. Let's just leave it to that.

to:

Bahrain ('''''Arabic:''' '''Bahrain''' (Arabic: البحرين‎ al-Baḥrayn; '''Persian:''' ''al-Baḥrayn''; Persian: ‏بحرین‎ Bahreyn''), ''Bahreyn''), also known as the Kingdom '''Kingdom of Bahrain ('''''Arabic:''' Bahrain''' (Arabic: مملكة البحرين Mamlakat ''Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn'') is a country nation in the Middle East. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. States. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and was until recently dependent on oil revenues until recently.

revenues. It is now considered to have the Gulf's first "post-oil" economy. Its strategic location in the middle of the Persian Gulf made it an important crossroads for trade.

Originally home of the prehistoric Dilmun Civilization, the island spent most of Classical Antiquity being ruled by the ancient Assyrians[[labelnote:†]] (not to be confused with the Aramaic-speaking Arab Christians that the term refers to in the modern day)[[/labelnote]] and Babylon. After that, it fell under the control of the various pre-Islamic Persian Empires – Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanid. Bahrain was one of the first places to convert to Islam, in 628[[AC:CE]]. Over the next ten centuries, the island was controlled by various successive Arab kingdoms and Caliphates, most notably the Umayyads.

It was ruled by UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} for around 80 years (to be more precise, from (from 1521 to 1602).

What set it apart is that while
1602, to be precise). After that, the ruling king now-Islamized Persian Empire (Safavid Dynasty) took over, and would maintain control – aside from a couple of failed invasions by UsefulNotes/{{Oman}} – for the next 180 years. The long stretch of Persian rule during this period, something modern-day Iran is Sunni, quite quick to point out, is almost certainly the reason why the majority are Shia. of Bahraini citizens follow Shi'a Islam. After that, a Sunni tribal group from the mainland which included the Al-Khalifa family (Bahrain's current rulers) seized power.

Beginning in the early 19th century, Bahrain began to fall under Britain's sphere of influence following a convoluted SuccessionCrisis where both Oman and [[UsefulNotes/SaudiArabia the Sauds]] tried to install rulers; the British opted to recognize the Al-Khalifa family instead.
The Al-Khalifas attempted to be {{magnificent bastard}}s, pitting the large kingdoms surrounding them against each other to maintain their own independence, but this eventually failed, with Britain slowly assuming more control as the century progressed, making it a Protectorate in 1880 and taking over outright in 1892, governing it from [[UsefulNotes/{{Oman}} Muscat]], a post which was an administrative offshoot of UsefulNotes/TheRaj, of all things. This led to the islands' culture getting a slight Indian influence. It was during this period (1930's to be exact) that oil was discovered, turning the sleepy islands previously known for pearl diving and regional trade into a major economic power overnight. It was also during this period that Iran attempted to reassert its claim of sovereignty over the islands, which Britain laughed off – they liked having a bulwark in between Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Bahrain regained full independence in 1971, still under the control of the Al-Khalifa family, and immediately declared itself an ally of the West and of Saudi Arabia. It's the home base of the U.S. Navy's Fifth Fleet, making it an important staging ground for all NATO operations in the Middle East. Beyond that, oil wealth has transformed the little island into one of the richest, most advanced countries in the world.

Wealth doesn't always equate to peace, however, nor does it always bring freedom. One major point of contention in Bahrain is the
fact that Iran once held the island in Parthian and Sassanid times, a claim that Islamic Iran held until recently didn't helped. It was once a British protectorate until 1971.

In 2011, it was wracked by protests by
ruling family is Sunni Muslim while the Shia majority of the population is Shi'a. The Al-Khalifas, absolute monarchs in all but name, have long been known for giving preference to the minority Sunnis while the majority lack any real political power… and dissent against the Sunni-dominated government. Many ruling class is, shall we say, ''frowned upon'' (the kingdom has a poor human rights record and press freedom is minimal). These frustrations boiled over when Shi'as protesting the ruling class threatened to open a new front in the Bahraini government suspect UsefulNotes/ArabSpring. Although there were also some Sunnis unhappy with the government, many in power suspected Iranian involvement [in which Iran denied], but there are some Sunnis who were unhappy with the king as well. The fact that in the protests (which Iran denied). In response, King Hamad Al-Khalifa turned to his old friends, the Saudis, who promptly sent in troops to help brutally crush the protests.

As one would expect of a Persian Gulf country, the citizen population is almost entirely Muslim (but unlike most of its neighbours, being a Muslim is not necessarily a prerequisite for citizenship – there
are brutal a small number of native Christians and a few dozen native Jews left). However, there is an understatement. Let's just leave it to that.
extraordinarily large population – as in, ''the majority of people who actually live there'' – who are non-citizens, mostly migrant workers from South Asia. They're the people who build all of the kingdom's new trappings of modernization.
11th Jan '14 6:27:59 AM zero5889
Is there an issue? Send a Message


http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_bahrain_svg_8936.png
-> It consists of a white band on the left, separated from a red area on the right by five triangles that serve as a serrated line. Red is the traditional colour for flags of the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. The white is on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam. It is very similar to the flag of UsefulNotes/{{Qatar}}, which has more points and has a darker red.

to:

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_bahrain_svg_8936.org/pmwiki/pub/images/bahrain_flag_5818.png
-> It consists of a ->Red and white band on the left, separated from a red area on the right by five triangles that serve as a serrated line. Red is the traditional colour for flags of the Arab states of are common national colors in the Persian Gulf. The white is on the hoist side; the In Bahrain's case, both colors are divided by a serrated line, whose five points represent symbolize the five pillars Five Pillars of Islam. It is very similar Islam -- ''Shahadah'' (pledge of allegiance to God), ''Salat'' (five ritual prayers a day), ''Sawm'' (fasting during Ramadan, ninth month of the Islamic calendar), ''Zakat'' (charity to the flag of UsefulNotes/{{Qatar}}, which has more points poor) and has ''Hajj'' (pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a darker red.
lifetime).
29th Dec '13 7:11:57 PM merlinxchick
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Bahrain is a country in the Middle East. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and dependent on oil revenues until recently.

to:

Bahrain ('''''Arabic:''' البحرين‎ al-Baḥrayn; '''Persian:''' ‏بحرین‎ Bahreyn''), also known as the Kingdom of Bahrain ('''''Arabic:''' مملكة البحرين Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn'') is a country in the Middle East. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and dependent on oil revenues until recently.
27th Sep '13 6:53:43 AM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


Bahrain is a country in the MiddleEast. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and dependent on oil revenues until recently.

to:

Bahrain is a country in the MiddleEast.Middle East. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and dependent on oil revenues until recently.




to:

-> It consists of a white band on the left, separated from a red area on the right by five triangles that serve as a serrated line. Red is the traditional colour for flags of the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. The white is on the hoist side; the five points represent the five pillars of Islam. It is very similar to the flag of UsefulNotes/{{Qatar}}, which has more points and has a darker red.
6th Jul '13 12:10:17 PM Quag15
Is there an issue? Send a Message


What set it apart is that while the ruling king is Sunni, the majority are Shia. The fact that Iran once held the island in Parthian and Sassanid times, a claim that Islamic Iran held until recently didn't helped. It was once a British protectorate until 1971.

to:

It was ruled by UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} for around 80 years (to be more precise, from 1521 to 1602).

What set it apart is that while the ruling king is Sunni, the majority are Shia. The fact that Iran once held the island in Parthian and Sassanid times, a claim that Islamic Iran held until recently didn't helped. It was once a British protectorate until 1971.
1971.
28th May '13 12:32:22 PM AmusedTroperGuy
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

[[quoteright:323:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/bahrain_map_6788.jpg]]


Added DiffLines:

[[AC:The Bahraini flag]]\\
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flag_of_bahrain_svg_8936.png
2nd May '13 7:09:23 PM general_tiu
Is there an issue? Send a Message

Added DiffLines:

Bahrain is a country in the MiddleEast. It is an island country and the smallest of the Arab Gulf states. Like the other Gulf States, it is Muslim, Arabic-speaking, and dependent on oil revenues until recently.

What set it apart is that while the ruling king is Sunni, the majority are Shia. The fact that Iran once held the island in Parthian and Sassanid times, a claim that Islamic Iran held until recently didn't helped. It was once a British protectorate until 1971.

In 2011, it was wracked by protests by the Shia majority against the Sunni-dominated government. Many in the Bahraini government suspect Iranian involvement [in which Iran denied], but there are some Sunnis who were unhappy with the king as well. The fact that the protests are brutal is an understatement. Let's just leave it to that.

Bahrain is also home to the Bahraini Grand Prix stadium, a massive investment for so small a country.

<<|UsefulNotes/{{Asia}}|>>
<<|UsefulNotes/MiddleEast|>>
This list shows the last 7 events of 7. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=UsefulNotes.Bahrain