History UsefulNotes / AncientEgyptianHistory

22nd Feb '16 1:00:50 AM DeanMT94
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# Predynastic period (before 3150 BC): Prehistoric Egypt. Not much is known. Tradition holds that Egypt was divided into small squabbling city-states that gradually merged together into the kingdoms of Upper (southern) and Lower (northern) Egypt, which in turn were united by King Menes sometime around 3150 BC.

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# Predynastic period (before 3150 BC): Prehistoric Egypt. Not much is known. Tradition holds that Egypt was divided into small squabbling city-states that gradually merged together into the kingdoms of Upper (southern) and Lower (northern) Egypt, which in turn were united by King Menes (also called Narmer in some sources) sometime around 3150 BC.
17th Aug '15 10:56:58 PM HeraldAlberich
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# First Intermediate Period (6th-11th Dynasties, 2181-2055): [[VestigialEmpire Dynasties of Pharaohs continue to exist, but have little power outside their home territories]] (fans of Chinese history, think of the [[DynastiesFromShangToQing Zhou Dynasty]]). However, powerful families in Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt and Thebes in Upper Egypt succeeded in gradually uniting their respective parts of the country; inevitably, they clashed. In about 2055 BC, the Theban 11th Dynasty decisively defeated the Heracleopolitan Tenth Dynasty and founded the...

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# First Intermediate Period (6th-11th Dynasties, 2181-2055): [[VestigialEmpire Dynasties of Pharaohs continue to exist, but have little power outside their home territories]] (fans of Chinese history, think of the [[DynastiesFromShangToQing [[UsefulNotes/DynastiesFromShangToQing Zhou Dynasty]]). However, powerful families in Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt and Thebes in Upper Egypt succeeded in gradually uniting their respective parts of the country; inevitably, they clashed. In about 2055 BC, the Theban 11th Dynasty decisively defeated the Heracleopolitan Tenth Dynasty and founded the...
12th Jul '15 6:49:29 AM Troper9
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Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than either of them is to us; to the builders of the Pantheon in Rome, the Great Pyramid was older than the Pantheon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Even the Ancient Egyptian "golden age" of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasties was as far removed from them as [[TheLowMiddleAges the Early Middle Ages]] are to us--the world of UsefulNotes/RamsesII was as far back for UsefulNotes/{{Augustus}} as UsefulNotes/{{Charlemagne}} is to UsefulNotes/BarackObama. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.

to:

Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''.BC''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE BC to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE BC spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than either of them is to us; to the builders of the Pantheon in Rome, the Great Pyramid was older than the Pantheon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Even the Ancient Egyptian "golden age" of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasties was as far removed from them as [[TheLowMiddleAges the Early Middle Ages]] are to us--the world of UsefulNotes/RamsesII was as far back for UsefulNotes/{{Augustus}} as UsefulNotes/{{Charlemagne}} is to UsefulNotes/BarackObama. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.
7th Jun '15 8:40:45 PM karstovich2
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Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than either of them is to us; to the builders of the Pantheon in Rome, the Great Pyramid was older than the Pantheon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.

to:

Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than either of them is to us; to the builders of the Pantheon in Rome, the Great Pyramid was older than the Pantheon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Even the Ancient Egyptian "golden age" of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasties was as far removed from them as [[TheLowMiddleAges the Early Middle Ages]] are to us--the world of UsefulNotes/RamsesII was as far back for UsefulNotes/{{Augustus}} as UsefulNotes/{{Charlemagne}} is to UsefulNotes/BarackObama. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.
24th Oct '14 8:14:38 AM Patachou
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# New Kingdom (18th-20th Dynasties, 1550-1069 BC): The Eighteenth Dynasty is somewhat peculiar: its founder was Ahmose I, who was either the brother or son of the last Seventeenth Dynasty king Kamose; the division appears to be based on unification of Egypt. Finding itself in possession of all kinds of new military tech and a series of young, dynamic rulers, Egypt at this point began to expand, primarily into Canaan, but also into Libya to the west and Nubia to the south. As a result, the New Kingdom is often known as the Egyptian Empire. The Eighteenth Dynasty ended with the Amarna Period, in which the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV renamed himself and engaged in an odd religious and artistic experiment that so sapped his attention that it caused Egypt to lose its hold on much of the empire his ancestors had won. The dynasty ended in disrepute and when its last Pharaoh died, the Grand Vizier Rameses I took power, founding the Nineteenth Dynasty. During this period, Egypt reached its zenith as an imperial power, particularly under its second and third rulers Seti I and Ramses II "the Great". The world's first recorded peace treaty is from this era, settling the disputed claims of Egypt and the Hittite Empire in the Levant, and signed by Ramses II and the Hittite King Hattusili III. Eventually, however, Egypt's strength was sapped, and the empire retreated into [[VestigialEmpire splendid isolation]]. \\

to:

# New Kingdom (18th-20th Dynasties, 1550-1069 BC): The Eighteenth Dynasty is somewhat peculiar: its founder was Ahmose I, who was either the brother or son of the last Seventeenth Dynasty king Kamose; the division appears to be based on unification of Egypt. Finding itself in possession of all kinds of new military tech and a series of young, dynamic rulers, Egypt at this point began to expand, primarily into Canaan, but also into Libya to the west and Nubia to the south. As a result, the New Kingdom is often known as the Egyptian Empire. The Eighteenth Dynasty ended with the Amarna Period, in which the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV renamed himself and engaged in an odd religious and artistic experiment that so sapped his attention that it caused Egypt to lose its hold on much of the empire his ancestors had won. The dynasty ended in disrepute and when its last Pharaoh died, the Grand Vizier Rameses I took power, founding the Nineteenth Dynasty. During this period, Egypt reached its zenith as an imperial power, particularly under its second and third rulers Seti I and Ramses II UsefulNotes/RamsesII "the Great". The world's first recorded peace treaty is from this era, settling the disputed claims of Egypt and the Hittite Empire in the Levant, and signed by Ramses II and the Hittite King Hattusili III. Eventually, however, Egypt's strength was sapped, and the empire retreated into [[VestigialEmpire splendid isolation]]. \\



When most people think of Ancient Egypt (besides pyramids and Cleopatra), ''this'' is what they're thinking about--especially the Eighteenth Dynasty. Pharaoh from Literature/TheBible? Mostly New Kingdom; the ones mentioned in Exodus are probably all from the Eighteenth Dynasty. The crazy king who worshiped the Sun? Akhenaten, Eighteenth Dynasty. Nefertiti? His wife. King Tut? Akhenaten's son. Hatshepsut? Tut's great-great-great-great aunt. [[RamsesII Ramses the Great]] ([[PercyByssheShelley Ozymandias]], King of Kings) and those cool statutes? Nineteenth Dynasty.

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When most people think of Ancient Egypt (besides pyramids and Cleopatra), ''this'' is what they're thinking about--especially the Eighteenth Dynasty. Pharaoh from Literature/TheBible? Mostly New Kingdom; the ones mentioned in Exodus are probably all from the Eighteenth Dynasty. The crazy king who worshiped the Sun? Akhenaten, Eighteenth Dynasty. Nefertiti? His wife. [[UsefulNotes/{{Tutankhamun}} King Tut? Tut]]? Akhenaten's son. Hatshepsut? Tut's great-great-great-great aunt. [[RamsesII [[UsefulNotes/RamsesII Ramses the Great]] ([[PercyByssheShelley Ozymandias]], King of Kings) and those cool statutes? Nineteenth Dynasty.



In 332 BC, Egypt was conquered by AlexanderTheGreat and became part of Hellenistic civilization under the Ptolemy dynasty, the last (and arguably most famous) sovereign being Cleopatra VII Philopator. Egypt would be part of various empires until the 19th century, and would not be ruled by someone of Egyptian stock (President Muhammad Naguib) until 1953.

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In 332 BC, Egypt was conquered by AlexanderTheGreat UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat and became part of Hellenistic civilization under the Ptolemy dynasty, the last (and arguably most famous) sovereign being Cleopatra VII UsefulNotes/CleopatraVII Philopator. Egypt would be part of various empires until the 19th century, and would not be ruled by someone of Egyptian stock (President Muhammad Naguib) until 1953.
13th Aug '14 1:30:39 PM TompaDompa
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Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than either of them is to us; to the builders of the Parthenon, the Great Pyramid was older than the Parthenon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.

to:

Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than either of them is to us; to the builders of the Parthenon, Pantheon in Rome, the Great Pyramid was older than the Parthenon Pantheon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.
4th Jul '14 11:28:08 AM TVRulezAgain
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# Early Dynastic Period (1st and 2nd Dynasties, c. 31st century BC-2686 BC): The capital moves from Abydos in Upper Egypt to Memphis where Upper and Lower Egypt meet (just south of modern {{Cairo}}). Writing develops and becomes more common. New technologies in copper and pottery appear, possibly arriving from the southern Levant (modern Israel/Palestine and Jordan). The state becomes increasingly centralized. [[{{Foreshadowing}} Rich people start building ever-larger tombs]].

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# Early Dynastic Period (1st and 2nd Dynasties, c. 31st century BC-2686 BC): The capital moves from Abydos in Upper Egypt to Memphis where Upper and Lower Egypt meet (just south of modern {{Cairo}}).UsefulNotes/{{Cairo}}). Writing develops and becomes more common. New technologies in copper and pottery appear, possibly arriving from the southern Levant (modern Israel/Palestine and Jordan). The state becomes increasingly centralized. [[{{Foreshadowing}} Rich people start building ever-larger tombs]].
26th Dec '13 8:58:21 PM karstovich2
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Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than they are to us; to the builders of the Parthenon, the Great Pyramid was older than the Parthenon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.

to:

Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than they are either of them is to us; to the builders of the Parthenon, the Great Pyramid was older than the Parthenon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.
12th Dec '13 6:35:25 AM memememememe
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Important note: Names of Ancient Egyptian places are most often ''not'' what they were called in Ancient Egyptian. Most of the placenames in English are actually Greek, as the Greeks seem to have had a collective case of [[ForeignCultureFetish Egyptomania]] (seriously, the Pharaoh gave the Greeks ''the entire city of Naucratis'', there were so many of them) and wrote incessantly about it (Creator/{{Herodotus}} in particular was a big fan). An example of this is the name of the city of Thebes--that was a Greek mishearing of an Egyptian term for the big temple, which they conveniently turned into the name of a city in Greece, but the Egyptians actually called the city ''Waset'' (or something similar). On the other hand, personal names tend to be modern guesses at the actual Egyptian--a somewhat problematic endeavor, as Egyptian writing leaves out even more vowels than modern Arabic and Hebrew--although some Greek names persist (e.g. Cheops for Khufu).

to:

Important note: Names of Ancient Egyptian places are most often ''not'' what they were called in Ancient Egyptian. Most of the placenames in English are actually Greek, as the Greeks seem to have had a collective case of [[ForeignCultureFetish Egyptomania]] (seriously, the Pharaoh gave the Greeks ''the entire city of Naucratis'', there were so many of them) and wrote incessantly about it (Creator/{{Herodotus}} in particular was a big fan). Egypt's true name was "Kemet", referring to the fertile Black Silt Land that the Nile delievered to them annually to sustain their lives. An example of this is the name of the city of Thebes--that was a Greek mishearing of an Egyptian term for the big temple, which they conveniently turned into the name of a city in Greece, but the Egyptians actually called the city ''Waset'' (or something similar). On the other hand, personal names tend to be modern guesses at the actual Egyptian--a somewhat problematic endeavor, as Egyptian writing leaves out even more vowels than modern Arabic and Hebrew--although some Greek names persist (e.g. Cheops for Khufu).
27th Oct '13 7:36:21 PM karstovich2
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Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.

to:

Egypt was the second civilization in the world (after ancient Mesopotamia) to invent writing.writing, with bits of proto-hieroglyphs being dated to the ''33rd century BCE''. As a result, its history is ''extremely'' long. People tend to forget this: Egyptian history from the earliest extensive records in the 31st century BCE to the Macedonian Conquest in 332 BCE spans ''2700 years''. Consider this: To {{Jesus}} or [[GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], the first Pharaohs were ''1000 years more ancient'' than they are to us; to the builders of the Parthenon, the Great Pyramid was older than the Parthenon is to the designers of today's skyscrapers. Almost any trope recorded in Ancient Egypt is therefore by definition OlderThanDirt.



# Protodynastic period (much of the 32nd and 31st centuries BC): The first hieroglyphic writing is from this period, but records are very sketchy. Dynasties may or may not have existed.

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# Protodynastic period (much of the 32nd and 31st centuries BC): The first More hieroglyphic writing is from this period, but records are very sketchy. Dynasties may or may not have existed.
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