History RealLife / CoolPlane

17th Oct '17 1:25:44 PM RoseAndHeather
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Later versions made various improvements, including [[MoreDakka improved firepower]] and [[MundaneMadeAwesome landing gear]], because otherwise the planes could land anywhere in the sea, but [[CripplingOverspecialization nowhere on land.]] In the post-war period, many [=PBYs=] saw later use as water-bombers fighting forest fires. Altogether, about 8,500 multiengine "flying boat"- type aircraft were built worldwide during the 20th Century. Catalina/Canso/Nomad (PBN) production accounted for over half of the total.

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Later versions made various improvements, including [[MoreDakka improved firepower]] and [[MundaneMadeAwesome landing gear]], because otherwise the planes could land anywhere in the sea, but [[CripplingOverspecialization nowhere on land.]] In the post-war period, many [=PBYs=] saw later use as water-bombers fighting forest fires. Altogether, about 8,500 multiengine "flying boat"- type aircraft were built worldwide during the 20th Century. Catalina/Canso/Nomad (PBN) production accounted for over half of the total.\\
17th Oct '17 1:24:59 PM RoseAndHeather
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The Catalina PBY also took part in some of the coolest (and least known) passenger flights in airplane history: the "Double Sunrise Flights" linking blockaded Australia to the British colony of Ceylon (and thus, the Empire) during the height of the Japanese occupation during World War II. Taking between 27 and 33 hours (so passengers saw two sunrises, hence the name) and timed to cross Japanese-occupied territory at night, these risky flights remain the longest passenger flights in the history of commercial aviation.
14th Oct '17 9:12:55 AM himmelicht
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* The Italians also has their own CoolPlane in the form of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reggiane_Re.2005 Re.2005 Sagittario]]. The most advanced fighter made by the Reggiane during World War II, it was rated as one of the best fighter aircraft on the Axis side, in both appearance and performance. The aircraft itself was aerodynamically efficient and was designed to get the most of the famous Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine, giving it a formidable speed and maneuverability. Its production was hampered by the fact that it was incredibly expensive and too advanced to be mass-produced by the Italian war factories.

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* The Italians also has their own CoolPlane in the form of the [[https://en.'''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reggiane_Re.2005 Re.2005 Sagittario]].Sagittario]]'''. The most advanced fighter made by the Reggiane during World War II, it was rated as one of the best fighter aircraft on the Axis side, in both appearance and performance. The aircraft itself was aerodynamically efficient and was designed to get the most of the famous Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine, giving it a formidable speed and maneuverability. Its production However, its was hampered by the fact that it was so incredibly expensive and too advanced complex to be mass-produced by built that the Italian war factories.'''Fiat G.55''' was chosen for mass-production instead.
14th Oct '17 9:00:58 AM himmelicht
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* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_Me_163_Komet Me-163 Komet]]''' was the first (and to this day only) rocket-powered airplane to see full-blown combat[[note]]The Mitsubishi J8M/Ki-200, a Japanese clone of the Komet, didn't quite make it into battle.[[/note]], the fastest fighter of the war, [[MoreDakka twin-cannon-armed]] and had an exceptional manoeuvrability. This [[AwesomeButImpractical hardly compensated]] for the ''very'' short powered range, [[GoneHorriblyRight speed so fast that pilots could barely aim their weapons]] towards the much slower bombers and the fact that it actually had to ''glide'' back to base since it burned its fuel and oxidizer in 7.5 minutes at best. This was even worse with the early prototypes, which didn't even have a ''throttle''; top speed was the ''only'' speed until you ran out of fuel. Additionally these propellants were hypergolic, igniting explosively at the slightest touch between them, which could easily happen by accident during bumpy landings on a single skid, or even if the ground crew put the wrong nozzle in the wrong tank. If that wasn't bad enough, the chemicals were also [[EverythingTryingToKillYou highly corrosive]] and could only be handled by ground crew wearing protective clothing. Even a '''small''' droplet of either the fuel ''or'' oxidizer could [[BodyHorror (chemically) burn through flesh and bone]] with terrifying ease.



* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Me-163 Me-163 Komet]]''' was the first (and to this day only) rocket-powered airplane to see full-blown combat[[note]]The Mitsubishi J8M/Ki-200, a Japanese clone of the Komet, didn't quite make it into battle.[[/note]], the fastest fighter of the war, [[MoreDakka twin-cannon-armed]] and had an exceptional manoeuvrability. This [[AwesomeButImpractical hardly compensated]] for the ''very'' short powered range, [[GoneHorriblyRight speed so fast that pilots could barely aim their weapons]] towards the much slower bombers and the fact that it actually had to ''glide'' back to base since it burned its fuel and oxidizer in 7.5 minutes at best. This was even worse with the early prototypes, which didn't even have a ''throttle''; top speed was the ''only'' speed until you ran out of fuel. Additionally these propellants were hypergolic, igniting explosively at the slightest touch between them, which could easily happen by accident during bumpy landings on a single skid, or even if the ground crew put the wrong nozzle in the wrong tank. If that wasn't bad enough, the chemicals were also [[EverythingTryingToKillYou highly corrosive]] and could only be handled by ground crew wearing protective clothing. Even a '''small''' droplet of either the fuel ''or'' oxidizer could [[BodyHorror (chemically) burn through flesh and bone]] with terrifying ease.




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* The Italians also has their own CoolPlane in the form of the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reggiane_Re.2005 Re.2005 Sagittario]]. The most advanced fighter made by the Reggiane during World War II, it was rated as one of the best fighter aircraft on the Axis side, in both appearance and performance. The aircraft itself was aerodynamically efficient and was designed to get the most of the famous Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine, giving it a formidable speed and maneuverability. Its production was hampered by the fact that it was incredibly expensive and too advanced to be mass-produced by the Italian war factories.
13th Oct '17 1:51:57 AM himmelicht
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* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_X-2_Shinshin Mitsubishi X-2]]''' (formerly ATD-X), an experimental aircraft developed by the Japanese loaded as the testbed for their bleeding-edge stealth fighter aircraft technologies[[note]]and by bleeding edge, it was slated to include advanced thrust vectoring used by X-31, fly-by-optics and self-repairing flight controls[[/note]]. The plane itself looks like a smaller and leaner F-22, and is boasted to have superior maneuverability to the F-35 with stealth capabilities. To top out just how cool the plane is, the aircraft itself was painted in classic Gundam color scheme for [[https://youtu.be/Ldw-gbPYleo its maiden flight]].

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* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_X-2_Shinshin Mitsubishi X-2]]''' (formerly ATD-X), an experimental aircraft developed by the Japanese loaded as the testbed for their bleeding-edge stealth fighter aircraft technologies[[note]]and by bleeding edge, it was slated to include advanced dimensional thrust vectoring used by X-31, fly-by-optics and self-repairing flight controls[[/note]]. The plane itself looks like a smaller and leaner F-22, and is boasted to have superior maneuverability to the F-35 with functional stealth capabilities. To top out just how cool the plane is, the aircraft itself was painted in classic Gundam color scheme for [[https://youtu.be/Ldw-gbPYleo its maiden flight]].
13th Oct '17 1:46:41 AM himmelicht
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* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_X-2_Shinshin Mitsubishi X-2]]''' (formerly ATD-X), an experimental aircraft developed by the Japanese loaded as the testbed for their bleeding-edge stealth fighter aircraft technologies[[note]]and by bleeding edge, it was slated to include advanced thrust vectoring used by X-31, fly-by-optics and self-repairing flight controls[[/note]]. The plane itself looks like a smaller and leaner F-22, and is boasted to have superior maneuverability to the F-35 with stealth capabilities. To top out just how cool the plane is, the aircraft itself was painted in classic Gundam color scheme for [[https://youtu.be/Ldw-gbPYleo its maiden flight]].



* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_X-2_Shinshin]]''' (formerly ATD-X), an experimental aircraft developed by the Japanese loaded as the testbed for their bleeding-edge stealth fighter aircraft technologies[[note]]and by bleeding edge, it was slated to include advanced thrust vectoring used by X-31, fly-by-optics and self-repairing flight controls[[/note]]. The plane itself looks like a smaller and leaner F-22, and is boasted to have superior maneuverability to the F-35 with stealth capabilities. To top out just how cool the plane is, the aircraft itself was painted in classic Gundam color scheme for [https://youtu.be/Ldw-gbPYleo its maiden flight].
13th Oct '17 1:45:24 AM himmelicht
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* Despite the speculations, the Sukhoi '''T-50 PAK FA''', the currently-in-testing 5th-generation Russian stealth fighter and expected [[TheRival rival]] to the F-22, looks more like its other more mundane ancestor, the Su-37 (and ''its'' ancestors, the entire Su-27 family), than it looks like the Su-47 Berkut, ditching the TooCoolToLive forward-swept wing for a stealthier but less awesome (looking) design. Still, on a whole, it is more badass than any other Sukhoi plane ever, because it's supposed to be broadly comparable to the Raptor, while being cheaper to make[[note]]given that there has been some delays due to structural issues and engine reliability, it might not be a whole lot cheaper[[/note]]. Remember: no matter how cool a single plane is, it can't be sent on two missions simultaneously. The T-50 uses 2-dimensional thrust vectoring canted at an angle, similar to the systems used by the Su-30/35, and unlike the F-22, the nozzles can be vectored independently. It remains to be seen how it stacks up against the Raptor, as production aircraft may be more refined in terms of stealthy details than current pre-production test aircraft that have many non-stealthy features. The shaping of the T-50's back half does make it considerably more susceptible to thermal sensors (it's notoriously difficult to make the back half of a jet stealthy without compromising speed), but this will also likely give it an advantage in high alpha and post-stall maneuvering.\\

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* Despite the speculations, the Sukhoi '''T-50 PAK FA''', the The '''Sukhoi Su-57''' developed from '''PAK FA''' fighter programme, currently-in-testing 5th-generation Russian stealth fighter and expected [[TheRival rival]] to the F-22, looks more like its other more mundane ancestor, the Su-37 (and ''its'' ancestors, the entire Su-27 family), than it looks like the Su-47 Berkut, ditching the TooCoolToLive forward-swept wing for a stealthier but less awesome (looking) design. Still, on a whole, it is more badass than any other Sukhoi plane ever, because it's supposed to be broadly comparable to the Raptor, while being cheaper to make[[note]]given that there has been some delays due to structural issues and engine reliability, it might not be a whole lot cheaper[[/note]]. Remember: no matter how cool a single plane is, it can't be sent on two missions simultaneously. The T-50 uses 2-dimensional thrust vectoring canted at an angle, similar to the systems used by the Su-30/35, and unlike the F-22, the nozzles can be vectored independently. It remains to be seen how it stacks up against the Raptor, as production aircraft may be more refined in terms of stealthy details than current pre-production test aircraft that have many non-stealthy features. The shaping of the T-50's back half does make it considerably more susceptible to thermal sensors (it's notoriously difficult to make the back half of a jet stealthy without compromising speed), but this will also likely give it an advantage in high alpha and post-stall maneuvering.\\



The T-50 does incorporate a greater variety of sensors than the F-22, though their emissions can possibly betray the T-50's position. Though stealthier, the F-22 may be much more demanding in terms of maintenance than the T-50. This is not an insignificant difference in a warzone. It also appears to have longer range than the F-22. Understandable, given the size of the country.

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The T-50 TheSu-57 does incorporate a greater variety of sensors than the F-22, though their emissions can possibly betray the T-50's Su-57's position. Though stealthier, the F-22 may be much more demanding in terms of maintenance than the T-50.Su-57. This is not an insignificant difference in a warzone. It also appears to have longer range than the F-22. Understandable, given the size of the country.






* Not to be outdone and left behind, the Chinese now have the '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chengdu_J-20 Chengdu J-20]]''', a stealthy fighter. 10 prototypes and at least 6 in active service have been confirmed. On 9 March 2017, Chinese officials confirmed that the J-20 had entered service in the Chinese air force. Some people have raised doubts about the use of canards on a low-observable design, stating that canards would guarantee radar detection and a compromise of stealth. However, canards and low-observability are not mutually exclusive designs.
* The Chinese also have the '''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenyang_J-31 Shengyang J-31]]''', which is basically their version of the F-35. That said, compared to the plane it tries to copy the J-31 benefits from not having to be a Jack of All Trades and is instead focused on being an effective and stealthy lightweight naval fighter. It seems that China air force is more interested in J-20, and only one J-31 prototype have been built.

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* Not to be outdone and left behind, the Chinese now have the '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chengdu_J-20 Chengdu J-20]]''', a stealthy fighter. 10 prototypes and at least 6 in active service have been confirmed. On 9 March 2017, Chinese officials confirmed that the J-20 had entered service in the Chinese air force. Some people have raised doubts about the use of canards on a low-observable design, stating that canards would guarantee radar detection and a compromise of stealth. However, canards and low-observability are not mutually exclusive designs. \n Nevertheless, the J-20 has the potential to rival the contemporary fifth-generation fighters if it is equipped with suitable engines.
* The Chinese also have the '''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenyang_J-31 Shengyang Shenyang J-31]]''', which is basically their version of the F-35. That said, compared to the plane it tries to copy the J-31 benefits from not having to be a Jack of All Trades and is instead focused on being an effective and stealthy lightweight naval fighter. It seems that China air force is more interested in J-20, and only one J-31 prototype have been built.


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* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitsubishi_X-2_Shinshin]]''' (formerly ATD-X), an experimental aircraft developed by the Japanese loaded as the testbed for their bleeding-edge stealth fighter aircraft technologies[[note]]and by bleeding edge, it was slated to include advanced thrust vectoring used by X-31, fly-by-optics and self-repairing flight controls[[/note]]. The plane itself looks like a smaller and leaner F-22, and is boasted to have superior maneuverability to the F-35 with stealth capabilities. To top out just how cool the plane is, the aircraft itself was painted in classic Gundam color scheme for [https://youtu.be/Ldw-gbPYleo its maiden flight].
5th Oct '17 12:17:42 AM aurora369
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** Its successor, the An-2 biplane, is still in production in countries like Ukraine and China, with hundreds of them still maintained in Russia. The Russian government has plans of developing a third plane model of the same style to be produced now.
4th Oct '17 2:33:18 AM kouta
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Lest anyone think that the earlier Allison powered Mustang was a failure, it still performed well at low altitude (which is what it was originally designed for), and the Royal Air Force operated 31 squadrons of the Mustang I as fighter bombers and tactical reconnaissance aircraft. Equipped with dive brakes it became the '''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_A-36_Apache A-36 Apache]]''' divebomber. Capable of delivering twice the bomb load of the famous Ju 87 Stuka and defeating an Me 109 in a dogfight afterwards, the success of the A-36 and the Mustang I convinced the Americans and the British to abandon specialized dive bombers in favor of fighter-bombers.

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Lest anyone think that the earlier Allison powered Mustang was a failure, it still performed well at low altitude (which is what it was originally designed for), and the Royal Air Force operated 31 squadrons of the Mustang I as fighter bombers and tactical reconnaissance aircraft. Equipped with dive brakes it became the '''[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_A-36_Apache A-36 Apache]]''' divebomber. Capable of delivering twice the bomb load of the famous Ju 87 Stuka and defeating an Me 109 in a dogfight afterwards, the success of the A-36 and the Mustang I convinced the Americans and the British to abandon specialized dive bombers in favor of fighter-bombers.
fighter-bombers.\\
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4th Oct '17 2:28:57 AM kouta
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To put all of this into perspecive a P-51, at full throttle, can both ourun and out maneuvere the much more advanced and much more modern A-10 at any altitude.
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