History Main / TheYugoslavWars

17th May '14 1:49:37 PM MarkLungo
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[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Yug_Collapse_9275.png]]
[[caption-width-right:350:"Every kingdom divided against itself will be laid waste, and no town or house divided against itself will stand." - [[Literature/TheBible Matthew 25]] [[labelnote:legend]]Yellow = Slovenia. Blue = Croatia. Purple = Macedonia. Green = Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bright Red = Yugoslavia. Dark Red = Serbia. Dark But Comparably Lighter Red = Kosovo. Gray = Montenegro.[[/labelnote]]]]


->''"[[{{Foreshadowing}} If you saw what I see for the future of Yugoslavia, it would scare you]]."''
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito'''

A series of six wars encompassing [[BalkaniseMe the former]] UsefulNotes/{{Yugoslavia}} from 1991-2001:
* UsefulNotes/{{Slovenia}} (1991): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_Defense_Forces_%28Yugoslavia%29 Slovenian TO]] vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_People%27s_Army Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)]]. Slovene victory and strategic JNA retreat after ten days due to Belgrade's political meddling, and so mostly forgotten. 63 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Croatia}}n War of Independence (1991 - 1995): Croatia vs. Yugoslavia and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srpska_Krajina the Republika Srpska Krajina]] (1991 - 1992); Croatia vs. the Republika Srpska Krajina (1992 - 1995). Croatian victory. 22,699 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Bosnia}}n War (1992 - 1995): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serbs]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Province_of_Western_Bosnia Bosniak quislings]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Republic_of_Herzeg-Bosnia Bosnian Croats]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Bosniak loyalists]] (1992 - 1994); Croats and Bosniaks vs. Serbs (1994 - 1995). Ended in a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayton_agreement stalemate]]. De facto best outcome for the Bosnian Serbs. 104,732 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Kosovo}} (1998 - 1999): Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Liberation_Army Kosovo Liberation Army]] (1998 - 1999); Federal Republic of Yugoslavia vs. the KLA, Albania and {{NATO}} (1999). Military [[MagnificentBastard Yugoslav success]], [[ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy NATO failure]] and [[CurbStompBattle KLA defeat]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumanovo_Treaty de jure draw]], de facto long-term NATO and Albanian victory. 14,305 dead.
* Preševo Valley, in Southern Serbia (1999 - 2001): Federal Republic of Yugoslavia vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAPMB local Albanian seperatists]]. [[CurbStompBattle Yugoslav victory]]. 53 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Macedonia}} (2001): Macedonia vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Liberation_Army_%28Albanians_of_Macedonia%29 National Liberation Army]]. Military Macedonian victory, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohrid_agreement de jure draw]] with some concessions to the Albanian minority, de facto [[SequelHook unresolved due to ongoing ethnic tensions]]. 731 dead.

Basically, without [[UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito somebody]] to hold it together, Yugoslavia ripped itself apart in a spectacular fashion, producing the only big war in Europe since UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.The war is often thought of as religious, but has more roots in the whims of politicians manipulating myths about religion to serve their own purposes; as such, the battle lines were drawn in accordance with this masquerade: Serbs, who were Orthodox Christian, received help from the similarly Orthodox Russians; Croats, who were traditionally Catholic, received help from the Western countries; and the Bosniaks, who had converted to Islam during the Ottoman era received help from both the West and fellow Islamic countries. The wars also had an economic edge to them; the two northern republics were the most heavily industrialized, and their inhabitants often accused the government of subsidizing the Serb plurality (Serbs amounted to about 36% of the population; next largest were Croats at about 20%) at their expense, making them the first to bail.

Especially the wars in Croatia and Bosnia saw the term "ethnic cleansing" invented and put to practice, with the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations generally standing around, powerless to help as the big powers dithered in New York as the entire region just went to shit. It initially started off as a small conflict in Slovenia and eventually grew to a much larger war in Croatia.
The true horrors, however, were showcased in the Bosnian War, which overlapped the Croatian War of Independence, and where the fighting quickly morphed into Bosnian Serbs versus Bosnian Croats versus Bosnian Muslims loyal to Izetbegovic versus Bosnian Muslims loyal to Abdic versus any militia given even a degree of autonomy. While the world was aware of the bloody conflicts going on, the media had a tendency to avoid mentioning WHY the war even started in the first place. As a result, the Western world, unaccustomed to the rivalries in the Balkans, sat around and twiddled their thumbs, basically unable to help or understand these conflicted people. (Yet supplying and selling weapons and supplies to this certain sides in an attempt to tip the balance and bring the war to an early end. And every major power backed at least one side, everything from Jihadists in Bosnia to Croatia having the French and America supply arms.) This, combined with the "us versus them" mentality of the people at war, made for a deadly combination.

Eventually, that war ended via Western intervention, but things got trickier as Albanian extremists in Kosovo decided that it was time to [[BalkanizeMe break ties]] with Serbia and make Kosovo a part of "great Albania". This sparked the third big conflict, the Kosovo War. What was left of Yugoslavia decided to take measures against radical islam terrorists in the southern region which United States used as an excuse to intervene. The war only came to an end after America outright broke the peace treaty it just signed as soon as Yugoslav soldiers left the province and (with help of Nato) bombarded Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia with tons of depleted uranium, killing (both Albanian and Serbian) men, women and children. After that, the former leaders of KLA military organization were put in charge of the region's goverment, with extremists proceeding to destroy old Serbian monuments (usually christian churches) and killing non-Albanian population. In 2008. Albanians in Kosovo claimed independence which officially isn't recognized by the majority of the international community, but is recognized by most countries of Nato and some of their former colonies.
[[folder: The Cast]]
Due to the convoluted nature of the of the war and [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters the people that were involved]] here is a little summary of some names to know.

'''Yugoslavia'''

* '''Ante Marković''' - Last prime minister of Yugoslavia.

'''The Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)'''

* '''Veljko Kadijević''' - Minister of Defence in the Yugoslav government from 1988 to 1992.
* '''Blagoje Adžić''' - General and Chief of the General Staff of the JNA from 1989 to 1992.
* '''Života Panić''' - General and was the last acting minister of defense and army chief of staff in the Yugoslav government. Commander of JNA forces in the battle of Vukovar.
* '''Veselin Šljivančanin''' - General that participated in the Battle of Vukovar who recently wrote a detailed book about the detention life in the ICTY custody.

'''Republika Srpska'''

* '''Radovan Karadžić''' - President of Republika Srpska (RS) from 1992 to 1996. He was also the founder and first leader of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Democratic_Party_(Bosnia_and_Herzegovina) Serbian Democratic Party (SDS)]].
* '''Biljana Plavšić''' - Vice-president of Republika Srpska from 1992 to 1996. Following the war she succeeded Radovan Karadžić as president of RS in 1996.
* '''Momčilo Krajišnik''' - Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.
* '''Ratko Mladić''' - Commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serb Army (VRS)]].
* '''Manojlo Milovanović''' - Colonel General of the VRS and second man after Mladić.
* '''Stanislav Galić''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1992 to 1994.
* '''Dragomir Milošević''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1994 to 1995.
* '''Dragan Obrenović''' - Senior officer and commander in the JNA and later the VRS.
* '''Milan Lukić''' - Commander in the paramilitary group "White Eagles" and was a prominent figure in the 1992 takeover and subsequent ethnic cleansing of eastern Bosnia.

'''Republika Srpska Krajina'''

* '''Milan Martić''' - Military and political leader of Republika Srpska Krajina. Martić held various leadership positions, including President, Minister of Defence and Minister of Internal Affairs.
* '''Milan Babić''' - First President of RSK.
* '''Mile Mrkšić''' - Former JNA and general and later the Commander in Chief of the Military of Serbian Krajina (SVK).
* '''Goran Hadžić''' - Leader of the Serbs in eastern Slavonia and later briefly president of RSK.

'''Slovenia'''

* '''Milan Kučan''' - first President of Slovenia.
* '''Janez Janša''' - Minister of Defense of Slovenia.
* '''Igor Bavčar''' - Minister of Interior of Slovenia.

'''Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro'''
* '''Slobodan Milošević''' - President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997. Later became president of FR Yugoslavia from 1997 until his overthrow in 2000.
* '''Mirjana Marković''' - Milošević's [[UnholyMatrimony wife]] and [[AlphaBitch leader]] of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_Left JUL]].
* '''Borisav Jović''' - Milošević's right hand man and served as the Serbian member of the collective presidency of Yugoslavia during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
* '''Momir Bulatović''' - President of Montenegro.
* '''Milo Đukanović''' - [[SleazyPolitician Prime Minister]] of Montenegro and in charge since 1989.
* '''Jovica Stanišić''' - [[TheSpymaster Head of the Serbian Ministry of the Interior]] and DoubleAgent working for the CIA.
* '''Franko Simatović "Frenki"''' - Head of the Serbian secret police.
* '''Vojislav Šešelj''' - Founder of the nationalist [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Radical_Party Serb Radical Party (SRS)]] who led volunteers of the SRS that served in both Bosnia and Croatia.
* '''Momčilo Perišić''' - General and Chief of the General Staff of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_Army_(FRY) Yugoslav Army (VJ)]] [[TheMole who worked for the Americans]].
* '''Nebojša Pavković''' - Chief of the General Staff who allegedly had also close ties with the Americans.
* '''Božidar Delić''' - [[RetiredBadass Former VJ general]] and current vice president of the Serbian parliament.
* '''Sreten Lukić''' - Head of the Serbian police during the Kosovo War.
* '''Željko Ražnatović "Arkan"''' - Serbian paramilitary leader and commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serb_Volunteer_Guard Serb Volunteer Guard (SDG)]] unit. [[TheDreaded Undisputed]] [[EvilOverlord crimeboss]] in Serbia up until his assassination in 2000.
* '''Milorad Ulemek "Legija"''' - Former French Foreign Legionnaire and commander of the now defunct [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSO_(Special_Operations_Unit) Special Operations Unit (JSO)]].

'''Croatia'''

* '''Franjo Tuđman''' - President of Croatia from 1990 until his death in 1999.
* '''Martin Špegelj''' - Second Defense Minister of Croatia and, later, the chief of staff of the newborn [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Army Croatian Army (HV)]] and inspector-general of the army.
* '''Gojko Šušak''' - Croatian Minister of Defense from 1991 to 1998.
* '''Stjepan Mesić''' - General secretary of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HDZ HDZ]] and the first prime minister of Croatia in 1990. He became speaker of the Croatian parliament in 1992 but stepped down and left HDZ in 1994 because of their policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
* '''Anton Tus''' - HV general and the first Chief of the General Staff of Croatia's armed forces from 1991 to 1992.
* '''Janko Bobetko''' - HV general and Chief of the General Staff from 1992 until his retirement in 1995.
* '''Zvonimir Červenko''' - HV general and the chief of General Staff between 1995 and 1996.
* '''Ante Gotovina''' - Lieutenant General in the HV and commander of Croatian forces during Operation Storm and Operation Mistral.
* '''Mile Dedaković''' - Commander of the 204th Vukovar Brigade and the city of Vukovar's defenses in during the 1991 Battle of Vukovar.

'''Bosnia and Herzegovina'''

* '''Alija Izetbegović''' - President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1990 and 1996.
* '''Fikret Abdić''' - Former head of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrokomerc Agrokomerc]] and president of the short lived [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Province_of_Western_Bosnia Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia]] that collaborated with the Serbs.
* '''Haris Silajdžić''' - Foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1990 - 1993 and served between 1993 and 1996 as the prime minister.
* '''Sefer Halilović''' - Chief of Staff of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_Republic_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina ([=ArBiH=])]] from 1992 to 1993.
* '''Rasim Delić''' - Chief of Staff of the Army of the [=ArBiH=] from 1993 to 1995.
* '''Jovan Divjak''' - Commander of [=ArBiH=] forces in Sarajevo at the beginning of the war (1992-1993) and later served as deputy commander of the [=ArBiH=] Headquarters.
* '''Atif Dudaković''' - [[TheDeterminator Commander]] of the Bosnian 5th Corps.
* '''Mustafa Hajrulahović''' - Commander of the Bosnian 1st Corps and later intelligence chief in the Bosnian government.
* '''Naser Orić''' - Commander of the [=ArBiH=] 28th Division who was in charge the defenses of Srebrenica and [[{{Irony}} former bodyguard of]] Milošević.
* '''Blaž Kraljević''' - Commander of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Defence_Forces Croatian Defence Forces (HOS)]].

'''Herceg-Bosna'''

* '''Mate Boban''' - President of Herceg-Bosna from 1991 to 1994 following the Washington agreement.
* '''Dario Kordić''' - Political leader of Bosnian Croats in Central Bosnia and a military commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Defence_Council Croatian Defence Council (HVO)]].
* '''Jadranko Prlić''' - Prime minister of Herceg-Bosna.
* '''Valentin Ćorić''' - Interior minister of Herceg-Bosna.
* '''Bruno Stojić''' - Minister of defense of Herceg-Bosna.
* '''Milivoj Petković''' - Commander of the HVO.
* '''Slobodan Praljak''' - Major General in the HVO and commander of the Croatian forces around Mostar.

'''The Albanians'''

* '''Ibrahim Rugova''' - First President of the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo.
* '''Adem Jashari''' - Co founder and Chief commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Liberation_Army Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)]] until his death in 1998.
* '''Agim Çeku''' - Former HV general and KLA Chief of Staff from May 1999.
* '''Ramush Haradinaj''' - 2nd KLA commander and currently one of the if not the most [[TheDreaded powerful and feared]] [[EvilOverlord crimeboss]] in Kosovo.
* '''Hashim Thaçi''' - 3rd KLA commander and head of the [[TheMafia Drenica Group]].
* '''Fatmir Limaj''' - KLA commander in Lapušnik.
* '''Zahir Pajaziti''' - KLA co-founder and commander.
* '''Tahir Zemaj''' - Chief commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armed_Forces_of_the_Republic_of_Kosova Armed Forces of the Republic of Kosovo (FARK)]].

'''{{NATO}}'''

* '''Wesley Clark''' - In charge of NATO, and bought Kosovo's coal mines.
* '''Mike Jackson'''

[[/folder]]

!!List of tropes involved during the war:
* AlternativeCharacterInterpretation: Possible and done often.
** There has always been a different interpretation of the character of Yugoslavia itself. While Slovenes and Croats saw Yugoslavia as a confederation of sovereign states similar to the EU and the USSR, the Serbs saw Yugoslavia as one sovereign state that could be crated and dissolved with the consent of ''all'' constitutive ethnic groups. Train wreck ensued.
* ArmyOfThievesAndWhores: Most paramilitary organisations like SDG were this.
* AwesomeMusic: [[AwesomeMusic/TheYugoslavWars Has its own page]].
* BadassInCharge: Averted with the political leaders.
** Karadžić may be the best example of a subversion. He was [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_YVHQZ1eQWM most likely]] a typical nerd and a beta male who was trying to act like an alpha male with predictable results. He had absolutely no control and authority over the VRS (some go even as far and say that Mladić has always been the most powerful man in the Republika Srpska) and in spite of being urged by Milošević to return to the negotiation table (as the Srpska already achieved her goals by holding 68% of Bosnia, more than the planned 62%) and in spite of Mladić openly stating that the horribly undermanned VRS would, beyond any reasonable doubts, not be able to hold off an eventual combined offensive of the HV, HVO, [=ArBiH=] and NATO (which later happened), Karadžić's ego prevented him to return to the negotiations before thousands of Serbs were killed and expelled from Western Bosnia. [[WhatAnIdiot Ugh!]]
* BalkanizeMe: Although not quite the TropeNamer--that would be the gradual disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th and early century, cemented by WorldWarI--it certainly brought the term back into widespread use.
* BeardnessProtectionProgram / BeardlessProtectionProgram: A tactic used by a lot of war crime convicts while in hiding.
* TheCaligula: Milošević and especially his wife Mirjana Marković which got her the nickname The Red Witch of Dedinje. As a matter of fact the entire Serb leadership was a conglomerate of ruthless, power hungry, unscrupulous, and decadent opportunists rather then Greater Serbian imperialists.
* CivilWar: An interesting version. While Croatian and Bosniak narrative [[PlayingTheVictimCard calls it a "Greater Serbian aggression"]] and the local Serbs see it as a [[PlayingTheVictimCard defensive war to avoid]] [[HistoryRepeats suffering the same]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_persecution_of_Serbs gruesome fate]] as they did in WorldWarII, it was in it's core a typical ethnic civil war with the characteristics of a mafia/gang war in Croatia, Bosnia and especially Kosovo with both direct and indirect outside involvement.
* [[CrazyCatLady Crazy Cat Man]]: Koštunica, especially [[{{Flanderization}} his depiction in Serb media]].
* CycleOfRevenge: What the wars eventually devolved into.
* DangerouslyGenreSavvy: The reason Albanian propaganda succeeded while the [[CryingWolf Serb]] [[{{Narm}} propaganda]] failed. Çeku, Haradinaj, Thaçi and other high ranking officials of the KLA have been reading the EvilOverlordList like a bible.
** The other reason it succeeded was because the entire Slovene government was this and the Albanians more or less copied from them. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten-Day_War#Preparations_for_war The tropes that Westerners know about the Yugoslav Wars largely started as their PR strategy]], though unlike the KLA they [[GuileHero had a far better claim to moral superiority.]]
* DeathWorld: Most of Bosnia during the early/mid 90s.
* {{Demonisation}}: Practiced by all and against all sides.
* DraftDodging: One of the main reasons the JNA failed her objectives in Croatia. As the people in Serbia and Montenegro felt for various reasons very apathetic towards the wars, Montenegro managed to draft 28% of her soldiers for the war while Serbia, the most powerful, largest and most inhabited republic, got only 11%. The low motivation was also the reason Serb media went far too often overboard in their propaganda efforts.
* TheDreaded: Arkan. Bosniak civilians immediately left their homes when they heard rumors that he and his troops were advancing towards their village/town. For a [[RapePillageAndBurn good]] [[KillEmAll reason]]. This trope combined with the government's protection was also the main reason why in Serbia he was untouchable before he stopped being useful to Belgrade.
* EagleSquadron: Croats, Bosnian Muslims, and Serbs all had foreigners head over to help them out. As a general rule, Bosniaks received aid in form of Mujahideen from the Muslim Arab world, Bosnian and Croatian Serbs were aided by volunteers from Serbia, Greece and Russia, and Croats from the United States, Latin American and (mostly Catholic) Western European countries like Ireland, Germany, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain etc.
* EnemyMine: In the early stages of the war Tuđman and Milošević made a deal to carve up Bosnia between Croatia and Serbia. And in 1994, Croats and Bosniaks allied themselves under US pressure against the Serbs.
* EpicFail: Serbia's post-Đinđić policy in a nutshell.
* {{Expy}}: Milošević and Tuđman attempted to be the next Tito and failed at it. Ironically the closest thing to Tito's Expy is Milo Ðukanović but mostly on the grounds of being a LongRunner.
* FightingForAHomeland: More or less every party, save the UN and NATO forces, had this reason in mind. Unfortunately, every homeland just so happened to included parts of someone else's homeland. While the Croats and Bosniaks fought for the territorial integrity of their homeland, the Serbs of the Croatian Krajna and Bosnia sought separation from said countries and annexation by Serbia which is why the Serbs wanted to remain in Yugoslavia while others sought independence. [[http://www.euro-webonline.com/world_cultures/images/yugoslav_ethnic_map.jpg The ethnic composition of Yugoslavia]] made [[{{Understatement}} a lot of things easier said then done]].
* FollowTheLeader: Franjo Tuđman had [[http://www.ljubomir.de/images/tudman_156.jpg a uniform]] that was similar to [[http://www.bmlv.gv.at/pool/img/a01_589.jpg Tito's]]. There is even a popular joke in former Yugoslavia describing this trope: Tito and Tuđman meet each other in hell. Tuđman greets him with "Hello dictator!" while Tito replies with "Hello imitator!".
* FriendlyEnemy: Milošević and Tuđman with the emphasis on friendly.
* FunnyMoment / BlackComedy : The trials in the Hague have a lot of these with most of the humor being [[{{Narm}} unintentional]]. Even without any political bias a neutral person would come to the conclusion that the only thing the ICTY is lacking is a LaughTrack. Šešelj's trial in particular is a hilarious train wreck.
** On a lighter note: When Dale Zelko (the F-117 pilot) and Zoltan Dani (the ethnic Hungarian commander of the Serb forces who shot him down) met, Zelko gave him as a present a model of the F-117 saying jokingly "please don't break it like the last time".
* GlamorousWartimeSinger: All sides spawned a lot of examples of this trope who depended on nationalism instead of sex appeal. Most of them can't exactly be described as "glamorous" however.
* GoKartingWithBowser: A lot of (alleged) war criminals who were former enemies became close friends in Hague custody. In fact, the Hague has been often referred as the "Last Bastion of Brotherhood and Unity".
* HeartwarmingMoment: [[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/06/dale-zelko-us-stealth-pil_n_2083229.html The above mentioned second meeting of Dale Zelko and Zoltan Dani]].
* ImprovisedWeapon : Croatia and Bosnia were woefully unequipped when the Serbian offensives started, so they had to resort to this very often. A notable example was Croatia having so few combat-capable planes that it had to resort to [[http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?31537-Pictures-from-Yugoslav-civil-war-91-99&p=716472&viewfull=1#post716472 making makeshift bombers out of Antonov An-2 cropdusters]]. Shockingly, ''[[CrazyEnoughToWork it]] [[RockBeatsLaser worked]]''! Using these flying technicals, the Croats were able to take out quite a lot of Serbian fortifications, armoured vehicles and camps around Vukovar, at least partially alleviating the city from the ongoing siege. Bosnia was in an even worse position concerning military equipment : The unconquered territory had virtually no meaningful air force left, the armoured vehicles were mostly obsolete and both the regular and irregular infantry had to be stretched to near breaking point to just hold at least a part of the long front line that sliced the country into very uneven parts. Unsurprisingly, this desperation and hunger for better weaponry caused a lot of BreakOutTheMuseumPiece moments - with one notable case being preserved WWII era armoured cars [[http://img78.exs.cx/img78/7836/bih6dw.jpg being refitted with modern weaponry]] and sent to the front. Croatia eventually built up a proper army thanks to foreign aid and some emergency purchases by the second half of the war, and created what's now a well-regarded arms industry out of practically nothing. Bosnia was less fortunate in this regard.
** The Serbian Krajina Army improvised a CoolTrain called the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krajina_Express Krajina Express]]''.
* InstantMilitia: Subverted. Every side built their armies from the local [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_Defense_Forces_%28Yugoslavia%29 Territorial Defence Militia]]. The VRS was created out of the remnants of the Bosnian Serb JNA elements.
* JackOfAllStats: Naser Orić. A relatively decent commander, an adept karate fighter, former corporal of the JNA bio-chemical batallion and a good businessman.
* KangarooCourt: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICTY#Criticism What the ICTY is accused to be by some]]. Certain recent verdicts didn't really help in this regard.
* KentBrockmanNews / PropagandaMachine: Too many cases to count. The Serb media in particular to the point of local MemeticMutation as due to some [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Role_of_the_media_in_the_Yugoslav_wars#Serbian_media outlandish claims]] it did a good job at [[{{Narm}} embarrassing itself]]. The media in the western countries was far too often just as bad if not outright worse than the local media in terms of hate-mongering propaganda and primitivism.
** In 2011 the RTS (Radio Television of Serbia) issued a public apology for her role in the war while [[NeverMyFault the news agencies of other factions have yet to follow the example]].
* LaResistance: In practice: everyone (or no one, depending on how you look at it,) even though Bosnia, Croatia, Slovenia and a diminished Yugoslavia were internationally recognized countries throughout the war.
* MeleeATrois: The Bosnian War was Serbs vs Bosniaks vs Croats until 1994.
* MemeticMutation: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSCJxxI83v4 This horrible propaganda song]] featuring the so-called "Dat Face Soldier" or the "Remove Kebab"[[note]]taken from a copypasta that mocks Eastern European xenophobic rivalries and bad English typical of Eastern Europeans/Turkish arguing with each other[[/note]]/Serbia Strong meme being the most known one. It's a song made by Serbian soldiers supporting Karadzic, and is infamous in [[ImageBoards 4chan]] for the [[TheStoic steel-eyed, slightly shellshocked, dour expression on the accordion player as he hammers away.]]
** To a lesser extend Mahir Bureković's [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KwICKTqIw8 Mujahedin]] became the "Defend Kebab" anthem. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rh7eCMOTkSo Now with it's own remix]]. ;)
* MisplacedNationalism: To the point where many of the most deluded ultranationalists will [[NeverMyFault deny any war crime or injustice]] perpertrated by [[WithUsOrAgainstUs their preferred faction]], no matter the evidence.
* MomentOfAwesome: Serbia became the first country to actually shoot down a stealth aircraft. The wreckage was recovered by Serbia, and is believed to have been thoroughly examined by Russian officials; some pieces are currently on display in Belgrade. See below for how they did it.
** Locals even printed up T-Shirts reading "SORRY! We didn't know it was invisible. Greetings from Serbia!".
* NeverLiveItDown: An own page of this may be even longer than the main page itself. Reading the forums and comment sections of the local online newspapers one may get the impression that the war still continues.
* NeverMyFault: From all sides to the point of {{Narm}}.
** Interestingly the Serbs, who are blamed for every possible and impossible ill, have a far more open discussion about their wrongs and the role of their leaders in the disintegration of Yugoslavia. Others... [[PlayingTheVictimCard not so]] [[NeverMyFault much...]]
* TheNineties: The wars encompassed all years of this decade, sans 1990 (and they even spilled into 2000 and 2001).
* ObligatoryWarCrimeScene: Too many to count...
* PatrioticFervor: Like we need to say it.
* PlayingTheVictimCard: Practiced, even up to this day, equally by all sides ad nauseum to put it lightly. [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment Period]]. For a detailed analysis in the case of Serbs and Croats [[http://potsdam.yorex.org/sites/potsdam.yorex.org/files/balkan_holocausts_book.pdf read this]].
* PrivateMilitaryContractors: The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_Professional_Resources MPRI]] being the most infamous one.
* RedOniBlueOni: Mladić being the red to Milovanović's blue.
* RockBeatsLaser: The aforementioned Bosnian and Croatian improvised weaponry and vehicles. During the first months of the war bazookas made out sewer pipes and explosives taken from Serb dud grenades were pretty much the only weapons making up Sarajevos anti-armor defense. In addition, during Operation Allied Force, Serbia had used many unconventional tactics to match with a technologically advanced foe. Among things they used were burning hay to fool IR guided weapons, adding more reflective surfaces to farm equipment to fool radar and radar-guided weapons (such as Laser-Guided Bombs), then there was the incident of the F-117 being shot down. This was done by using a radar that operated at long wavelengths, allowing the aircraft to be detected for brief periods of time, but it was enough to shoot the aircraft down.
** While the use of long-wave radar was important, a fair bit of the responsibility for the F-117 shoot-down rests on the USAF. F-117s had used identical and similar flight paths in many previous raids, and the Serbs were able to work out the flight paths via the brief glimpses their radar granted them. Serbian spotters watched for incoming F-117s on infrared equipment, the idea being that the batteries could zero in on its vector for a better chance of a clear detection, and kill.
** The Bosniaks did some incredible things with ham radio operators, breaking codes the Serbs didn't even think the the Muslims in Bosnian could intercept, let alone break.
* TheRemnant: The Republika Srpska and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo.
** The Eastern Slavonian part around Erdut of the Republika Srpska Krajina used to be this trope before it was peacefully reintegrated in 1998. Today the RSK has a Belgrade-centered government in exile since 2005.
* ThoseWackyNazis: A lot of Neo-Nazis fought on the Croatian side while some of the Greek volunteers who aided the Serbs came from the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Dawn_%28Greece%29 Golden Dawn]] party.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Except that Vuk Drašković's prophecies always turned out to be right...
--> '''Vuk Drašković (1990):''' "Let us all take a look into the future. Let’s see what will happen, what will inevitably happen when we don’t win [the elections] against the communists. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_of_Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia The JNA will disintegrate and a Serbian army, listen carefully, will not be formed.]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_war_crimes_in_the_Yugoslav_Wars#War_crimes We will wage wars criminally and in a way that will be shameful to the chivalrous traditions of our soldiers.]] [[http://www.fpif.org/articles/serb_demonization_as_propaganda_coup The Serbian regime will turn all our truths into lies. The world will forget how we suffered in Jasenovac.]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICTY The victims will be declared as the aggressors.]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_713 Everyone will be against us, even the Russians. The world will isolate us.]] We will lose World War I and both Balkan Wars that we won more than eight decades ago."
* TheSiege: The Battle of Vukovar featured a force of around 2,200 Croatian infantry fighting against a much larger Serbian force that had armor and air support. Despite being horribly outmatched and surrounded, the Croats held out for 87 days and inflicted heavy casualties on their enemies in brutal street-to-street fighting.
** The Siege of Sarajevo holds the record as longest siege in modern history.
* SniperDuel: Several times.
* StarCrossedLovers: Admira Ismić and Boško Brkić, who had a documentary made about their deaths named ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romeo_and_Juliet_in_Sarajevo Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo]]''.
* TankGoodness: Many different tanks were used during the wars, from WorldWarII era T-34s to the much more modern M-84s. However, they usually proved rather ineffective for various reasons (bad terrain, lack of maintenance, lack of properly trained crews etc.).
* UrbanWarfare: Bosnia's capital Sarajevo and the Croatian border town of Vukovar in particular. Many settlements, both big and small, were besieged during the wars...
* VestigialEmpire: The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (consisting of Serbia and Montenegro) considered itself as the legal succesor of the Socialist Federal Republic Yugoslavia. Though the UN and the other former Yugoslav republics think otherwise, which is why the FRY had to (re)apply for UN-membership.
* VetinariJobSecurity: Once Tito died, the Clock started ticking on when this whole can of worms would open.
* WartimeCartoon: The war spawned various propaganda comics like [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/sr/a/a8/Superhrvoje.jpg Super Hrvoje]], [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/sr/e/e9/Knindze_1_i_2.jpg Kninjas - The Knights of the Serbian Krajina]] and [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/sr/7/7f/Bosman.jpg Bosman]].
** As of late the Albanian hero [[http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-rL5q2W9FnbM/TxMZNUgqPPI/AAAAAAAAAZI/MMIK9Jpc9kw/s1600/shqiponja-2012.jpg Shqiponja]] joined the ranks of obscure wartime propaganda mascots.
* WarForFunAndProfit: Dozens. Arkan was the most prominent one from the Serb side who build a lot of his fortune from pillaging Bosniak and Croat homes and according to rumors even fellow Serbs. Some Bosniak commanders in Sarajevo, Srebrenica and Bihać made a fortune making black market deals with the Serbs and often extracted money from the locals they were "protecting". Even on the American side we have Wesley Clark (taking over Kosovo's coal mines) and Madeline Albright (taking over Kosovo's telecom) as an aftermath of the war. It is evident that for the political elite this trope was the main motivation for the war, using the ethnic hatreds of their respective peoples as a pretext. Needless to say the smell of Yugoslavia's carcass attracted a lot of hyenas and vultures.
* WitnessProtection: What both the Serb prosecution and the ICTY failed at during the trial against Haradinaj.
* WhyWeAreBummedCommunismFell: UpToEleven.
* WonTheWarLostThePeace: Despite winning independence, a significant number of people in the new countries feel they're worse off than before the war. The reasons are mostly economic (high unemployment and corruption) rather than political (though a number of people are nostalgic for the old country - a phenomenon known as Yugo-nostalgia).
** Seriba militarily defeated the KLA by May 1999, had only minimal military casualties during the entire war and successfully repulsed a combined KLA, Albanian and NATO offensive from Albania. The Kumanovo Treaty even allowed a limited number of Serb policemen and soldiers to return to Kosovo under KFOR jurisdiction in order to protect not only the Serbs and other non-Albanians but also the churches and other Serb cultural monuments. Sadly for them the the catastrophic and shortsighted policies of Koštunica and Tadić, just like the United States abusing it's position, destroyed any last hopes of Serbia ever peacefully reintegrating Kosovo.
** Macedonia defeated the NLA and was about to put the final nail in their coffin with one decisive offensive that would have also politically weakened the Albanians significantly. [[WhatTheHellHero The offensive was cancelled due to American preassure]] and the Ohrid Agreement was signed which granted a lot of consessions to the Macedonian Albanians. What sounds fine and dandy in the first place gave the Albanians the opportunity to politically blackmail Macedonia at their whim, which they do. On top of that the ethnic tensions between Macedonians and Albanians are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Republic_of_Macedonia_inter-ethnic_violence sadly far from being resolved]].
** Inverted with the Republika Srpska. Being under heavy sanctions from Serbia since 1994 and having no means to repel the [[HopelessBossFight combined military apparatus of the Bosniaks, the Bosnian Croats, Croatia and NATO]], the Republika Srpska evaded utter defeat and total collapse by agreeing to the Dayton Agreement and being saved by the Americans the same way just like the Macedonian Albanians above. Today the Republika Srpska is the politically more stable entity in Bosnia and the Serbs have 49% of Bosnia and Herzegovina for themselves. Like the Macedonian Albanians above, the Bosnian Serbs are in a perfect position to obstruct anything that is against their interests.
* WouldNotShootACivilian: ''[[InvertedTrope Inverted.]]'' All that needs to be said.
* ZergRush / WeHaveReserves: A popular tactic used by the [=ArBiH=] and one of the main reasons for their horrendous casualties.


!!In fiction:

The primary use of the war today is as a source of modern day war criminals, as the Nazi ones are getting too old now. Because of the nature of the mass graves, many [[TheCoroner a forensic pathologist]] will have worked there.

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Animation and Comics]]
* ''Manga/KimagureOrangeRoad'': Mentioned in the ''Shin Kimagure Orange Road'' sequel-film, when it is stated that adult Kyosuke is a war reporter went missing in action taking pictures in Bosnia during the wars. The light novels describe in a greater length how they affected Kyosuke's psyche.
* In ''Seikon No Qwaser'' it serves as the backstory of Teresa who grew up in a Serbian-Orthodox monastery in the Krajina.
** One of the antagonists is called Croa a.k.a. "gas chamber", a fitting name because of both his ability to control chlorine and the genocidal crimes against Serbs (among them, against the women of Teresa's monastery. She herself was present and was damn lucky, that she wasn't raped and murdered like the rest of her friends) he commited.
* In ''Manga/{{Jormungand}}'' Koko tangles with a Serbian warlord known as "Baldra" (short for "Balkan Dragon"), whose real name is Dragan Nikolaevich. He is pretty obviously based off of Željko Ražnatović. The series takes place in 2012, which led some Serbian fans to joke about how the plot is TwoDecadesBehind.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* ''No Man's Land'', a famous anti-war movie about a Bosnian Muslim who is immobilized on a battlefield. As the Serbs have deliberately laid him on an anti-personnel mine which will explode if he gets up, he can't move at all. His choleric Bosnian friend and a bumbling NewMeat Serbian soldier then procede to bicker over him about who really started the war, etc. [[FireForgedFriends Later]], they [[EnemyMine grudgingly unite]] to fight for his and their own survival in the bombarded trenches. They even try to call help to free him from the trap. RuleOfFunny [[MoodWhiplash as well as]] RuleOfDrama [[{{Dramedy}} ensues]]. The film has a [[TearJerker major]] DownerEnding.
* Michael Winterbottom's ''Welcome to Sarajevo''.
* ''BehindEnemyLines'' features an American airman shot down over Bosnia, who must then fight through hostile Serbian troops to get to safety. The villain's [[TheDragon dragon]] in this film served as an inspiration for Niko Bellic of ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV''
* The Serbian film ''{{Underground}}'' tells the story of Yugoslavia from the Serbian resistance of WorldWarTwo to the Yugoslav wars. This dark comedy is ultimately about the tragedy of Yugoslavia's balkanization. It was also released as a 5 1/2 hour miniseries called ''Once Upon a Time, There was a Country'', which is also the film's closing line. Although it was well-received, some critics accused it of being Serbian nationalistic propoganda and of having an overly idealistic portrayal of communist Yugoslavia.
* In the TV-movie ''MacGyverLostTreasureOfAtlantis'', MacGyver and Prof. Atticus go to the Balkans to find Atlantean artifacts. After finding them, they must escape from hostile military forces.
* ''{{Savior}}'' features an American soldier turned mercenary who goes to Yugoslavia seeking revenge against muslims because they killed his family. Things become a lot more complicated later on though, as the movie explores themes of redemption, honour, and the effects of war on the civilian population from a very human, "from below" perspective.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Chinese Sci-Fi writer Cixin Liu's ''Butterfly of Entropy'' told the story of a Serbian meteorlogist who tries to creat heavy clouds above his hometown to spare his family from NATO bombing by starting wind current changes in some calculated points (like a butterfly generating a storm). He failed because, it seemed he already generated too much random currents and heat changes on his way.
* ''Zlata's Diary'', the diary of a young girl named [[http://w3.restena.lu/primaire/mondorf/altwies/5e97_98/Sarajevo/Sarajevo.html Zlata Filipović]] documenting her experiences before and during the Siege of Sarajevo. Despite contemporary media comparisons to Anne Frank (which she was understandably uncomfortable with), she escaped the war and is now a writer and film maker in Dublin. She also produced [[http://gunbar.stormloader.com/olivia.htm more than 40 pieces of]][[BreadEggsMilkSquick sadist literature]] set in Serbia beside this diary.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Two years before the events of the first season of ''Series/TwentyFour'', Jack Bauer leads a squad sent to kill Serbian war criminal Viktor Drazen. They fail to do that, but do kill his wife and daughter. Naturally, Drazen isn't happy.
* ''Series/WakingTheDead'' has Dr. Tara Fitzgerald having done forensic work in the former Yugoslavia. In one episode, the team investigate a case she worked on and results in a CrowningMomentOfAwesome as those responsible are identified by three witnesses a decade later.
* ''Series/NewTricks'' [[spoiler: A Serbian war criminal went into hiding as a monk in an addiction clinic and killed a man who recognised him.]]
* In ''Series/{{NCIS}}'', Dr. Donald Mallard worked on war graves in the former Yugoslavia.
* Many episodes in the early seasons of ''Series/{{JAG}}'', including the pilot, takes place in the background of this conflict.
* The pilot for ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' has Stabler and Benson investigating the murder of a cab driver... who turned out to be a Serbian war criminal and rapist [[spoiler: who was done in by his victims]].
* ''Series/{{ER}}'' had Dr. Luka Kovac, a Croatian who lost his wife and two children during the conflict. Incidentally, Goran Visnjic had also appeared prior to the series as one of the main characters in the aforementioned ''Welcome to Sarajevo''.
* ''The Death of Yugoslavia'' by BBC is probably by far one of the best documentaries about the war. Not only does it give great insight in every faction and their motivations, but also explains quite well how step by step Yugoslavia became fragmented and collapsed from within.
* An episode of ''Series/{{Extras}}'' features Creator/BenStiller directing a movie set during the Yugoslav Wars and based on the life of a real survivor.
* An episode of ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' features the gang working as extras on the set of a movie about the Yugoslav Wars. Frank and Dee play corpses during a scene of ethnic cleansing, but they refuse to sit still.
* The documentary-style British movie ''Warriors'' chronicles the [[DoomedMoralVictor hopeless struggle]] of British UN Peacekeepers to prevent crimes commited on the civilian populace in war-torn Bosnia. [[ScrewTheRulesImDoingWhatsRight Despite their honest efforts to save the persecuted refugees]] that are running from the [[ArmyOfThievesAndWhores various guerilla groups]], the young soldiers are constantly bullied by their [[ObstructiveBureaucrat UNPROFOR higher-ups]] [[PoliceAreUseless into letting the people they were supposed to protect get killed]] or [[ObligatoryWarCrimeScene be left at the mercy of unscrupolous killers]]. When the peacekeepers return home, [[ShellShockedVeteran most of them are showing clear signs of PTSD]]. The title of the movie is semi-ironic, actually referring to the [[http://www.tanknutdave.com/component/content/article/115 British-built APCs]] they intended to use for the evacuation of the refugees. The film was released in the US as ''Peacekeepers''.
* In the ''Series/{{Community}}'' episode "[[Recap/CommunityS2E18CustodyLawAndEasternEuropeanDiplomacy Custody Law and Eastern European Diplomacy]]", Britta begins dating Lukka, who is from the Balkans. She assumes that he's a {{Woobie}} war survivor, but later discovers that this isn't quite so:
-->'''Lukka''': So much killing. The corpses stacked like firewood, the rivers red with their blood. I miss it so much.\\
'''Britta''': Oh, Lukka! ''[starts kissing him, but then pulls back]'' Wait, just to clarify, when you say you miss it, it's like you have survivor's guilt; like you wish you were back over there defending the motherland, right?\\
'''Lukka''': Yes, I miss cleansing our fields and forests of the unclean people who stole my country. I miss the smell of the villages burning. ''[laughs wistfully]'' I miss the way they used to run from our tanks in fear.
* In the TV series ''{{Series/Motive}}'', one episode has a peaceekeeper discovering that the Bosnian Serb doctor who refused medical treatment to injured Muslims has escaped to Canada.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* ''Music/DeadWinterDead'' by {{Music/Savatage}} is a RockOpera set during the Siege of Sarajevo.
* ''[[VillainProtagonist We Burn]]'' by {{Sabaton}} is about the Srebrenica massacre.
* MarkoPerkovicThompson
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games]]
* The protagonist of ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV'', Niko Bellic, is a Serbian veteran of the Yugoslav Wars, particularly Bosnia.
* ''T-72: Balkans on Fire'' is set during one of the Yugoslav Wars in which the player is a Russian volunteer fighting on the Serbian side, mostly against the Croats.
* ''VideoGame/TacticsOgre'' is very heavily based off the Yugoslav wars. Seriously, just replace the names of Dolgare with Tito and all the ethnic groups with Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian. They do not shy away from showing the hatred between the three factions either.
* [[TheDragon Markov]] from ''VideoGame/AceCombatAssaultHorizon'' was a Russian who participated in this conflict, most likely on the side of the Serbians. His StartOfDarkness occurs when an American airstrike accidentally kills his wife (most likely a reference to the accidental bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade by the U.S.).
* ''VideoGame/SteelPanthers'', specifically [=WinSPMBT=], covers almost all the various factions involved in the wars.

[[/folder]]
----

to:

[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Yug_Collapse_9275.png]]
[[caption-width-right:350:"Every kingdom divided against itself will be laid waste, and no town or house divided against itself will stand." - [[Literature/TheBible Matthew 25]] [[labelnote:legend]]Yellow = Slovenia. Blue = Croatia. Purple = Macedonia. Green = Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bright Red = Yugoslavia. Dark Red = Serbia. Dark But Comparably Lighter Red = Kosovo. Gray = Montenegro.[[/labelnote]]]]


->''"[[{{Foreshadowing}} If you saw what I see for the future of Yugoslavia, it would scare you]]."''
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito'''

A series of six wars encompassing [[BalkaniseMe the former]] UsefulNotes/{{Yugoslavia}} from 1991-2001:
* UsefulNotes/{{Slovenia}} (1991): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_Defense_Forces_%28Yugoslavia%29 Slovenian TO]] vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_People%27s_Army Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)]]. Slovene victory and strategic JNA retreat after ten days due to Belgrade's political meddling, and so mostly forgotten. 63 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Croatia}}n War of Independence (1991 - 1995): Croatia vs. Yugoslavia and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srpska_Krajina the Republika Srpska Krajina]] (1991 - 1992); Croatia vs. the Republika Srpska Krajina (1992 - 1995). Croatian victory. 22,699 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Bosnia}}n War (1992 - 1995): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serbs]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Province_of_Western_Bosnia Bosniak quislings]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Republic_of_Herzeg-Bosnia Bosnian Croats]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Bosniak loyalists]] (1992 - 1994); Croats and Bosniaks vs. Serbs (1994 - 1995). Ended in a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayton_agreement stalemate]]. De facto best outcome for the Bosnian Serbs. 104,732 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Kosovo}} (1998 - 1999): Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Liberation_Army Kosovo Liberation Army]] (1998 - 1999); Federal Republic of Yugoslavia vs. the KLA, Albania and {{NATO}} (1999). Military [[MagnificentBastard Yugoslav success]], [[ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy NATO failure]] and [[CurbStompBattle KLA defeat]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumanovo_Treaty de jure draw]], de facto long-term NATO and Albanian victory. 14,305 dead.
* Preševo Valley, in Southern Serbia (1999 - 2001): Federal Republic of Yugoslavia vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAPMB local Albanian seperatists]]. [[CurbStompBattle Yugoslav victory]]. 53 dead.
* UsefulNotes/{{Macedonia}} (2001): Macedonia vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Liberation_Army_%28Albanians_of_Macedonia%29 National Liberation Army]]. Military Macedonian victory, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohrid_agreement de jure draw]] with some concessions to the Albanian minority, de facto [[SequelHook unresolved due to ongoing ethnic tensions]]. 731 dead.

Basically, without [[UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito somebody]] to hold it together, Yugoslavia ripped itself apart in a spectacular fashion, producing the only big war in Europe since UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.The war is often thought of as religious, but has more roots in the whims of politicians manipulating myths about religion to serve their own purposes; as such, the battle lines were drawn in accordance with this masquerade: Serbs, who were Orthodox Christian, received help from the similarly Orthodox Russians; Croats, who were traditionally Catholic, received help from the Western countries; and the Bosniaks, who had converted to Islam during the Ottoman era received help from both the West and fellow Islamic countries. The wars also had an economic edge to them; the two northern republics were the most heavily industrialized, and their inhabitants often accused the government of subsidizing the Serb plurality (Serbs amounted to about 36% of the population; next largest were Croats at about 20%) at their expense, making them the first to bail.

Especially the wars in Croatia and Bosnia saw the term "ethnic cleansing" invented and put to practice, with the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations generally standing around, powerless to help as the big powers dithered in New York as the entire region just went to shit. It initially started off as a small conflict in Slovenia and eventually grew to a much larger war in Croatia.
The true horrors, however, were showcased in the Bosnian War, which overlapped the Croatian War of Independence, and where the fighting quickly morphed into Bosnian Serbs versus Bosnian Croats versus Bosnian Muslims loyal to Izetbegovic versus Bosnian Muslims loyal to Abdic versus any militia given even a degree of autonomy. While the world was aware of the bloody conflicts going on, the media had a tendency to avoid mentioning WHY the war even started in the first place. As a result, the Western world, unaccustomed to the rivalries in the Balkans, sat around and twiddled their thumbs, basically unable to help or understand these conflicted people. (Yet supplying and selling weapons and supplies to this certain sides in an attempt to tip the balance and bring the war to an early end. And every major power backed at least one side, everything from Jihadists in Bosnia to Croatia having the French and America supply arms.) This, combined with the "us versus them" mentality of the people at war, made for a deadly combination.

Eventually, that war ended via Western intervention, but things got trickier as Albanian extremists in Kosovo decided that it was time to [[BalkanizeMe break ties]] with Serbia and make Kosovo a part of "great Albania". This sparked the third big conflict, the Kosovo War. What was left of Yugoslavia decided to take measures against radical islam terrorists in the southern region which United States used as an excuse to intervene. The war only came to an end after America outright broke the peace treaty it just signed as soon as Yugoslav soldiers left the province and (with help of Nato) bombarded Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia with tons of depleted uranium, killing (both Albanian and Serbian) men, women and children. After that, the former leaders of KLA military organization were put in charge of the region's goverment, with extremists proceeding to destroy old Serbian monuments (usually christian churches) and killing non-Albanian population. In 2008. Albanians in Kosovo claimed independence which officially isn't recognized by the majority of the international community, but is recognized by most countries of Nato and some of their former colonies.
[[folder: The Cast]]
Due to the convoluted nature of the of the war and [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters the people that were involved]] here is a little summary of some names to know.

'''Yugoslavia'''

* '''Ante Marković''' - Last prime minister of Yugoslavia.

'''The Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)'''

* '''Veljko Kadijević''' - Minister of Defence in the Yugoslav government from 1988 to 1992.
* '''Blagoje Adžić''' - General and Chief of the General Staff of the JNA from 1989 to 1992.
* '''Života Panić''' - General and was the last acting minister of defense and army chief of staff in the Yugoslav government. Commander of JNA forces in the battle of Vukovar.
* '''Veselin Šljivančanin''' - General that participated in the Battle of Vukovar who recently wrote a detailed book about the detention life in the ICTY custody.

'''Republika Srpska'''

* '''Radovan Karadžić''' - President of Republika Srpska (RS) from 1992 to 1996. He was also the founder and first leader of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Democratic_Party_(Bosnia_and_Herzegovina) Serbian Democratic Party (SDS)]].
* '''Biljana Plavšić''' - Vice-president of Republika Srpska from 1992 to 1996. Following the war she succeeded Radovan Karadžić as president of RS in 1996.
* '''Momčilo Krajišnik''' - Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.
* '''Ratko Mladić''' - Commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serb Army (VRS)]].
* '''Manojlo Milovanović''' - Colonel General of the VRS and second man after Mladić.
* '''Stanislav Galić''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1992 to 1994.
* '''Dragomir Milošević''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1994 to 1995.
* '''Dragan Obrenović''' - Senior officer and commander in the JNA and later the VRS.
* '''Milan Lukić''' - Commander in the paramilitary group "White Eagles" and was a prominent figure in the 1992 takeover and subsequent ethnic cleansing of eastern Bosnia.

'''Republika Srpska Krajina'''

* '''Milan Martić''' - Military and political leader of Republika Srpska Krajina. Martić held various leadership positions, including President, Minister of Defence and Minister of Internal Affairs.
* '''Milan Babić''' - First President of RSK.
* '''Mile Mrkšić''' - Former JNA and general and later the Commander in Chief of the Military of Serbian Krajina (SVK).
* '''Goran Hadžić''' - Leader of the Serbs in eastern Slavonia and later briefly president of RSK.

'''Slovenia'''

* '''Milan Kučan''' - first President of Slovenia.
* '''Janez Janša''' - Minister of Defense of Slovenia.
* '''Igor Bavčar''' - Minister of Interior of Slovenia.

'''Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro'''
* '''Slobodan Milošević''' - President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997. Later became president of FR Yugoslavia from 1997 until his overthrow in 2000.
* '''Mirjana Marković''' - Milošević's [[UnholyMatrimony wife]] and [[AlphaBitch leader]] of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_Left JUL]].
* '''Borisav Jović''' - Milošević's right hand man and served as the Serbian member of the collective presidency of Yugoslavia during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
* '''Momir Bulatović''' - President of Montenegro.
* '''Milo Đukanović''' - [[SleazyPolitician Prime Minister]] of Montenegro and in charge since 1989.
* '''Jovica Stanišić''' - [[TheSpymaster Head of the Serbian Ministry of the Interior]] and DoubleAgent working for the CIA.
* '''Franko Simatović "Frenki"''' - Head of the Serbian secret police.
* '''Vojislav Šešelj''' - Founder of the nationalist [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Radical_Party Serb Radical Party (SRS)]] who led volunteers of the SRS that served in both Bosnia and Croatia.
* '''Momčilo Perišić''' - General and Chief of the General Staff of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_Army_(FRY) Yugoslav Army (VJ)]] [[TheMole who worked for the Americans]].
* '''Nebojša Pavković''' - Chief of the General Staff who allegedly had also close ties with the Americans.
* '''Božidar Delić''' - [[RetiredBadass Former VJ general]] and current vice president of the Serbian parliament.
* '''Sreten Lukić''' - Head of the Serbian police during the Kosovo War.
* '''Željko Ražnatović "Arkan"''' - Serbian paramilitary leader and commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serb_Volunteer_Guard Serb Volunteer Guard (SDG)]] unit. [[TheDreaded Undisputed]] [[EvilOverlord crimeboss]] in Serbia up until his assassination in 2000.
* '''Milorad Ulemek "Legija"''' - Former French Foreign Legionnaire and commander of the now defunct [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JSO_(Special_Operations_Unit) Special Operations Unit (JSO)]].

'''Croatia'''

* '''Franjo Tuđman''' - President of Croatia from 1990 until his death in 1999.
* '''Martin Špegelj''' - Second Defense Minister of Croatia and, later, the chief of staff of the newborn [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Army Croatian Army (HV)]] and inspector-general of the army.
* '''Gojko Šušak''' - Croatian Minister of Defense from 1991 to 1998.
* '''Stjepan Mesić''' - General secretary of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HDZ HDZ]] and the first prime minister of Croatia in 1990. He became speaker of the Croatian parliament in 1992 but stepped down and left HDZ in 1994 because of their policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
* '''Anton Tus''' - HV general and the first Chief of the General Staff of Croatia's armed forces from 1991 to 1992.
* '''Janko Bobetko''' - HV general and Chief of the General Staff from 1992 until his retirement in 1995.
* '''Zvonimir Červenko''' - HV general and the chief of General Staff between 1995 and 1996.
* '''Ante Gotovina''' - Lieutenant General in the HV and commander of Croatian forces during Operation Storm and Operation Mistral.
* '''Mile Dedaković''' - Commander of the 204th Vukovar Brigade and the city of Vukovar's defenses in during the 1991 Battle of Vukovar.

'''Bosnia and Herzegovina'''

* '''Alija Izetbegović''' - President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1990 and 1996.
* '''Fikret Abdić''' - Former head of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agrokomerc Agrokomerc]] and president of the short lived [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Province_of_Western_Bosnia Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia]] that collaborated with the Serbs.
* '''Haris Silajdžić''' - Foreign minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1990 - 1993 and served between 1993 and 1996 as the prime minister.
* '''Sefer Halilović''' - Chief of Staff of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_Republic_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina ([=ArBiH=])]] from 1992 to 1993.
* '''Rasim Delić''' - Chief of Staff of the Army of the [=ArBiH=] from 1993 to 1995.
* '''Jovan Divjak''' - Commander of [=ArBiH=] forces in Sarajevo at the beginning of the war (1992-1993) and later served as deputy commander of the [=ArBiH=] Headquarters.
* '''Atif Dudaković''' - [[TheDeterminator Commander]] of the Bosnian 5th Corps.
* '''Mustafa Hajrulahović''' - Commander of the Bosnian 1st Corps and later intelligence chief in the Bosnian government.
* '''Naser Orić''' - Commander of the [=ArBiH=] 28th Division who was in charge the defenses of Srebrenica and [[{{Irony}} former bodyguard of]] Milošević.
* '''Blaž Kraljević''' - Commander of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Defence_Forces Croatian Defence Forces (HOS)]].

'''Herceg-Bosna'''

* '''Mate Boban''' - President of Herceg-Bosna from 1991 to 1994 following the Washington agreement.
* '''Dario Kordić''' - Political leader of Bosnian Croats in Central Bosnia and a military commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Defence_Council Croatian Defence Council (HVO)]].
* '''Jadranko Prlić''' - Prime minister of Herceg-Bosna.
* '''Valentin Ćorić''' - Interior minister of Herceg-Bosna.
* '''Bruno Stojić''' - Minister of defense of Herceg-Bosna.
* '''Milivoj Petković''' - Commander of the HVO.
* '''Slobodan Praljak''' - Major General in the HVO and commander of the Croatian forces around Mostar.

'''The Albanians'''

* '''Ibrahim Rugova''' - First President of the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo.
* '''Adem Jashari''' - Co founder and Chief commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Liberation_Army Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)]] until his death in 1998.
* '''Agim Çeku''' - Former HV general and KLA Chief of Staff from May 1999.
* '''Ramush Haradinaj''' - 2nd KLA commander and currently one of the if not the most [[TheDreaded powerful and feared]] [[EvilOverlord crimeboss]] in Kosovo.
* '''Hashim Thaçi''' - 3rd KLA commander and head of the [[TheMafia Drenica Group]].
* '''Fatmir Limaj''' - KLA commander in Lapušnik.
* '''Zahir Pajaziti''' - KLA co-founder and commander.
* '''Tahir Zemaj''' - Chief commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armed_Forces_of_the_Republic_of_Kosova Armed Forces of the Republic of Kosovo (FARK)]].

'''{{NATO}}'''

* '''Wesley Clark''' - In charge of NATO, and bought Kosovo's coal mines.
* '''Mike Jackson'''

[[/folder]]

!!List of tropes involved during the war:
* AlternativeCharacterInterpretation: Possible and done often.
** There has always been a different interpretation of the character of Yugoslavia itself. While Slovenes and Croats saw Yugoslavia as a confederation of sovereign states similar to the EU and the USSR, the Serbs saw Yugoslavia as one sovereign state that could be crated and dissolved with the consent of ''all'' constitutive ethnic groups. Train wreck ensued.
* ArmyOfThievesAndWhores: Most paramilitary organisations like SDG were this.
* AwesomeMusic: [[AwesomeMusic/TheYugoslavWars Has its own page]].
* BadassInCharge: Averted with the political leaders.
** Karadžić may be the best example of a subversion. He was [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_YVHQZ1eQWM most likely]] a typical nerd and a beta male who was trying to act like an alpha male with predictable results. He had absolutely no control and authority over the VRS (some go even as far and say that Mladić has always been the most powerful man in the Republika Srpska) and in spite of being urged by Milošević to return to the negotiation table (as the Srpska already achieved her goals by holding 68% of Bosnia, more than the planned 62%) and in spite of Mladić openly stating that the horribly undermanned VRS would, beyond any reasonable doubts, not be able to hold off an eventual combined offensive of the HV, HVO, [=ArBiH=] and NATO (which later happened), Karadžić's ego prevented him to return to the negotiations before thousands of Serbs were killed and expelled from Western Bosnia. [[WhatAnIdiot Ugh!]]
* BalkanizeMe: Although not quite the TropeNamer--that would be the gradual disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th and early century, cemented by WorldWarI--it certainly brought the term back into widespread use.
* BeardnessProtectionProgram / BeardlessProtectionProgram: A tactic used by a lot of war crime convicts while in hiding.
* TheCaligula: Milošević and especially his wife Mirjana Marković which got her the nickname The Red Witch of Dedinje. As a matter of fact the entire Serb leadership was a conglomerate of ruthless, power hungry, unscrupulous, and decadent opportunists rather then Greater Serbian imperialists.
* CivilWar: An interesting version. While Croatian and Bosniak narrative [[PlayingTheVictimCard calls it a "Greater Serbian aggression"]] and the local Serbs see it as a [[PlayingTheVictimCard defensive war to avoid]] [[HistoryRepeats suffering the same]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_persecution_of_Serbs gruesome fate]] as they did in WorldWarII, it was in it's core a typical ethnic civil war with the characteristics of a mafia/gang war in Croatia, Bosnia and especially Kosovo with both direct and indirect outside involvement.
* [[CrazyCatLady Crazy Cat Man]]: Koštunica, especially [[{{Flanderization}} his depiction in Serb media]].
* CycleOfRevenge: What the wars eventually devolved into.
* DangerouslyGenreSavvy: The reason Albanian propaganda succeeded while the [[CryingWolf Serb]] [[{{Narm}} propaganda]] failed. Çeku, Haradinaj, Thaçi and other high ranking officials of the KLA have been reading the EvilOverlordList like a bible.
** The other reason it succeeded was because the entire Slovene government was this and the Albanians more or less copied from them. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten-Day_War#Preparations_for_war The tropes that Westerners know about the Yugoslav Wars largely started as their PR strategy]], though unlike the KLA they [[GuileHero had a far better claim to moral superiority.]]
* DeathWorld: Most of Bosnia during the early/mid 90s.
* {{Demonisation}}: Practiced by all and against all sides.
* DraftDodging: One of the main reasons the JNA failed her objectives in Croatia. As the people in Serbia and Montenegro felt for various reasons very apathetic towards the wars, Montenegro managed to draft 28% of her soldiers for the war while Serbia, the most powerful, largest and most inhabited republic, got only 11%. The low motivation was also the reason Serb media went far too often overboard in their propaganda efforts.
* TheDreaded: Arkan. Bosniak civilians immediately left their homes when they heard rumors that he and his troops were advancing towards their village/town. For a [[RapePillageAndBurn good]] [[KillEmAll reason]]. This trope combined with the government's protection was also the main reason why in Serbia he was untouchable before he stopped being useful to Belgrade.
* EagleSquadron: Croats, Bosnian Muslims, and Serbs all had foreigners head over to help them out. As a general rule, Bosniaks received aid in form of Mujahideen from the Muslim Arab world, Bosnian and Croatian Serbs were aided by volunteers from Serbia, Greece and Russia, and Croats from the United States, Latin American and (mostly Catholic) Western European countries like Ireland, Germany, Scotland, Slovakia, Spain etc.
* EnemyMine: In the early stages of the war Tuđman and Milošević made a deal to carve up Bosnia between Croatia and Serbia. And in 1994, Croats and Bosniaks allied themselves under US pressure against the Serbs.
* EpicFail: Serbia's post-Đinđić policy in a nutshell.
* {{Expy}}: Milošević and Tuđman attempted to be the next Tito and failed at it. Ironically the closest thing to Tito's Expy is Milo Ðukanović but mostly on the grounds of being a LongRunner.
* FightingForAHomeland: More or less every party, save the UN and NATO forces, had this reason in mind. Unfortunately, every homeland just so happened to included parts of someone else's homeland. While the Croats and Bosniaks fought for the territorial integrity of their homeland, the Serbs of the Croatian Krajna and Bosnia sought separation from said countries and annexation by Serbia which is why the Serbs wanted to remain in Yugoslavia while others sought independence. [[http://www.euro-webonline.com/world_cultures/images/yugoslav_ethnic_map.jpg The ethnic composition of Yugoslavia]] made [[{{Understatement}} a lot of things easier said then done]].
* FollowTheLeader: Franjo Tuđman had [[http://www.ljubomir.de/images/tudman_156.jpg a uniform]] that was similar to [[http://www.bmlv.gv.at/pool/img/a01_589.jpg Tito's]]. There is even a popular joke in former Yugoslavia describing this trope: Tito and Tuđman meet each other in hell. Tuđman greets him with "Hello dictator!" while Tito replies with "Hello imitator!".
* FriendlyEnemy: Milošević and Tuđman with the emphasis on friendly.
* FunnyMoment / BlackComedy : The trials in the Hague have a lot of these with most of the humor being [[{{Narm}} unintentional]]. Even without any political bias a neutral person would come to the conclusion that the only thing the ICTY is lacking is a LaughTrack. Šešelj's trial in particular is a hilarious train wreck.
** On a lighter note: When Dale Zelko (the F-117 pilot) and Zoltan Dani (the ethnic Hungarian commander of the Serb forces who shot him down) met, Zelko gave him as a present a model of the F-117 saying jokingly "please don't break it like the last time".
* GlamorousWartimeSinger: All sides spawned a lot of examples of this trope who depended on nationalism instead of sex appeal. Most of them can't exactly be described as "glamorous" however.
* GoKartingWithBowser: A lot of (alleged) war criminals who were former enemies became close friends in Hague custody. In fact, the Hague has been often referred as the "Last Bastion of Brotherhood and Unity".
* HeartwarmingMoment: [[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/06/dale-zelko-us-stealth-pil_n_2083229.html The above mentioned second meeting of Dale Zelko and Zoltan Dani]].
* ImprovisedWeapon : Croatia and Bosnia were woefully unequipped when the Serbian offensives started, so they had to resort to this very often. A notable example was Croatia having so few combat-capable planes that it had to resort to [[http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?31537-Pictures-from-Yugoslav-civil-war-91-99&p=716472&viewfull=1#post716472 making makeshift bombers out of Antonov An-2 cropdusters]]. Shockingly, ''[[CrazyEnoughToWork it]] [[RockBeatsLaser worked]]''! Using these flying technicals, the Croats were able to take out quite a lot of Serbian fortifications, armoured vehicles and camps around Vukovar, at least partially alleviating the city from the ongoing siege. Bosnia was in an even worse position concerning military equipment : The unconquered territory had virtually no meaningful air force left, the armoured vehicles were mostly obsolete and both the regular and irregular infantry had to be stretched to near breaking point to just hold at least a part of the long front line that sliced the country into very uneven parts. Unsurprisingly, this desperation and hunger for better weaponry caused a lot of BreakOutTheMuseumPiece moments - with one notable case being preserved WWII era armoured cars [[http://img78.exs.cx/img78/7836/bih6dw.jpg being refitted with modern weaponry]] and sent to the front. Croatia eventually built up a proper army thanks to foreign aid and some emergency purchases by the second half of the war, and created what's now a well-regarded arms industry out of practically nothing. Bosnia was less fortunate in this regard.
** The Serbian Krajina Army improvised a CoolTrain called the ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krajina_Express Krajina Express]]''.
* InstantMilitia: Subverted. Every side built their armies from the local [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_Defense_Forces_%28Yugoslavia%29 Territorial Defence Militia]]. The VRS was created out of the remnants of the Bosnian Serb JNA elements.
* JackOfAllStats: Naser Orić. A relatively decent commander, an adept karate fighter, former corporal of the JNA bio-chemical batallion and a good businessman.
* KangarooCourt: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICTY#Criticism What the ICTY is accused to be by some]]. Certain recent verdicts didn't really help in this regard.
* KentBrockmanNews / PropagandaMachine: Too many cases to count. The Serb media in particular to the point of local MemeticMutation as due to some [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Role_of_the_media_in_the_Yugoslav_wars#Serbian_media outlandish claims]] it did a good job at [[{{Narm}} embarrassing itself]]. The media in the western countries was far too often just as bad if not outright worse than the local media in terms of hate-mongering propaganda and primitivism.
** In 2011 the RTS (Radio Television of Serbia) issued a public apology for her role in the war while [[NeverMyFault the news agencies of other factions have yet to follow the example]].
* LaResistance: In practice: everyone (or no one, depending on how you look at it,) even though Bosnia, Croatia, Slovenia and a diminished Yugoslavia were internationally recognized countries throughout the war.
* MeleeATrois: The Bosnian War was Serbs vs Bosniaks vs Croats until 1994.
* MemeticMutation: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSCJxxI83v4 This horrible propaganda song]] featuring the so-called "Dat Face Soldier" or the "Remove Kebab"[[note]]taken from a copypasta that mocks Eastern European xenophobic rivalries and bad English typical of Eastern Europeans/Turkish arguing with each other[[/note]]/Serbia Strong meme being the most known one. It's a song made by Serbian soldiers supporting Karadzic, and is infamous in [[ImageBoards 4chan]] for the [[TheStoic steel-eyed, slightly shellshocked, dour expression on the accordion player as he hammers away.]]
** To a lesser extend Mahir Bureković's [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KwICKTqIw8 Mujahedin]] became the "Defend Kebab" anthem. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rh7eCMOTkSo Now with it's own remix]]. ;)
* MisplacedNationalism: To the point where many of the most deluded ultranationalists will [[NeverMyFault deny any war crime or injustice]] perpertrated by [[WithUsOrAgainstUs their preferred faction]], no matter the evidence.
* MomentOfAwesome: Serbia became the first country to actually shoot down a stealth aircraft. The wreckage was recovered by Serbia, and is believed to have been thoroughly examined by Russian officials; some pieces are currently on display in Belgrade. See below for how they did it.
** Locals even printed up T-Shirts reading "SORRY! We didn't know it was invisible. Greetings from Serbia!".
* NeverLiveItDown: An own page of this may be even longer than the main page itself. Reading the forums and comment sections of the local online newspapers one may get the impression that the war still continues.
* NeverMyFault: From all sides to the point of {{Narm}}.
** Interestingly the Serbs, who are blamed for every possible and impossible ill, have a far more open discussion about their wrongs and the role of their leaders in the disintegration of Yugoslavia. Others... [[PlayingTheVictimCard not so]] [[NeverMyFault much...]]
* TheNineties: The wars encompassed all years of this decade, sans 1990 (and they even spilled into 2000 and 2001).
* ObligatoryWarCrimeScene: Too many to count...
* PatrioticFervor: Like we need to say it.
* PlayingTheVictimCard: Practiced, even up to this day, equally by all sides ad nauseum to put it lightly. [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment Period]]. For a detailed analysis in the case of Serbs and Croats [[http://potsdam.yorex.org/sites/potsdam.yorex.org/files/balkan_holocausts_book.pdf read this]].
* PrivateMilitaryContractors: The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_Professional_Resources MPRI]] being the most infamous one.
* RedOniBlueOni: Mladić being the red to Milovanović's blue.
* RockBeatsLaser: The aforementioned Bosnian and Croatian improvised weaponry and vehicles. During the first months of the war bazookas made out sewer pipes and explosives taken from Serb dud grenades were pretty much the only weapons making up Sarajevos anti-armor defense. In addition, during Operation Allied Force, Serbia had used many unconventional tactics to match with a technologically advanced foe. Among things they used were burning hay to fool IR guided weapons, adding more reflective surfaces to farm equipment to fool radar and radar-guided weapons (such as Laser-Guided Bombs), then there was the incident of the F-117 being shot down. This was done by using a radar that operated at long wavelengths, allowing the aircraft to be detected for brief periods of time, but it was enough to shoot the aircraft down.
** While the use of long-wave radar was important, a fair bit of the responsibility for the F-117 shoot-down rests on the USAF. F-117s had used identical and similar flight paths in many previous raids, and the Serbs were able to work out the flight paths via the brief glimpses their radar granted them. Serbian spotters watched for incoming F-117s on infrared equipment, the idea being that the batteries could zero in on its vector for a better chance of a clear detection, and kill.
** The Bosniaks did some incredible things with ham radio operators, breaking codes the Serbs didn't even think the the Muslims in Bosnian could intercept, let alone break.
* TheRemnant: The Republika Srpska and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo.
** The Eastern Slavonian part around Erdut of the Republika Srpska Krajina used to be this trope before it was peacefully reintegrated in 1998. Today the RSK has a Belgrade-centered government in exile since 2005.
* ThoseWackyNazis: A lot of Neo-Nazis fought on the Croatian side while some of the Greek volunteers who aided the Serbs came from the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Dawn_%28Greece%29 Golden Dawn]] party.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Except that Vuk Drašković's prophecies always turned out to be right...
--> '''Vuk Drašković (1990):''' "Let us all take a look into the future. Let’s see what will happen, what will inevitably happen when we don’t win [the elections] against the communists. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_of_Federal_Republic_of_Yugoslavia The JNA will disintegrate and a Serbian army, listen carefully, will not be formed.]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_war_crimes_in_the_Yugoslav_Wars#War_crimes We will wage wars criminally and in a way that will be shameful to the chivalrous traditions of our soldiers.]] [[http://www.fpif.org/articles/serb_demonization_as_propaganda_coup The Serbian regime will turn all our truths into lies. The world will forget how we suffered in Jasenovac.]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICTY The victims will be declared as the aggressors.]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_713 Everyone will be against us, even the Russians. The world will isolate us.]] We will lose World War I and both Balkan Wars that we won more than eight decades ago."
* TheSiege: The Battle of Vukovar featured a force of around 2,200 Croatian infantry fighting against a much larger Serbian force that had armor and air support. Despite being horribly outmatched and surrounded, the Croats held out for 87 days and inflicted heavy casualties on their enemies in brutal street-to-street fighting.
** The Siege of Sarajevo holds the record as longest siege in modern history.
* SniperDuel: Several times.
* StarCrossedLovers: Admira Ismić and Boško Brkić, who had a documentary made about their deaths named ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romeo_and_Juliet_in_Sarajevo Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo]]''.
* TankGoodness: Many different tanks were used during the wars, from WorldWarII era T-34s to the much more modern M-84s. However, they usually proved rather ineffective for various reasons (bad terrain, lack of maintenance, lack of properly trained crews etc.).
* UrbanWarfare: Bosnia's capital Sarajevo and the Croatian border town of Vukovar in particular. Many settlements, both big and small, were besieged during the wars...
* VestigialEmpire: The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (consisting of Serbia and Montenegro) considered itself as the legal succesor of the Socialist Federal Republic Yugoslavia. Though the UN and the other former Yugoslav republics think otherwise, which is why the FRY had to (re)apply for UN-membership.
* VetinariJobSecurity: Once Tito died, the Clock started ticking on when this whole can of worms would open.
* WartimeCartoon: The war spawned various propaganda comics like [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/sr/a/a8/Superhrvoje.jpg Super Hrvoje]], [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/sr/e/e9/Knindze_1_i_2.jpg Kninjas - The Knights of the Serbian Krajina]] and [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/sr/7/7f/Bosman.jpg Bosman]].
** As of late the Albanian hero [[http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-rL5q2W9FnbM/TxMZNUgqPPI/AAAAAAAAAZI/MMIK9Jpc9kw/s1600/shqiponja-2012.jpg Shqiponja]] joined the ranks of obscure wartime propaganda mascots.
* WarForFunAndProfit: Dozens. Arkan was the most prominent one from the Serb side who build a lot of his fortune from pillaging Bosniak and Croat homes and according to rumors even fellow Serbs. Some Bosniak commanders in Sarajevo, Srebrenica and Bihać made a fortune making black market deals with the Serbs and often extracted money from the locals they were "protecting". Even on the American side we have Wesley Clark (taking over Kosovo's coal mines) and Madeline Albright (taking over Kosovo's telecom) as an aftermath of the war. It is evident that for the political elite this trope was the main motivation for the war, using the ethnic hatreds of their respective peoples as a pretext. Needless to say the smell of Yugoslavia's carcass attracted a lot of hyenas and vultures.
* WitnessProtection: What both the Serb prosecution and the ICTY failed at during the trial against Haradinaj.
* WhyWeAreBummedCommunismFell: UpToEleven.
* WonTheWarLostThePeace: Despite winning independence, a significant number of people in the new countries feel they're worse off than before the war. The reasons are mostly economic (high unemployment and corruption) rather than political (though a number of people are nostalgic for the old country - a phenomenon known as Yugo-nostalgia).
** Seriba militarily defeated the KLA by May 1999, had only minimal military casualties during the entire war and successfully repulsed a combined KLA, Albanian and NATO offensive from Albania. The Kumanovo Treaty even allowed a limited number of Serb policemen and soldiers to return to Kosovo under KFOR jurisdiction in order to protect not only the Serbs and other non-Albanians but also the churches and other Serb cultural monuments. Sadly for them the the catastrophic and shortsighted policies of Koštunica and Tadić, just like the United States abusing it's position, destroyed any last hopes of Serbia ever peacefully reintegrating Kosovo.
** Macedonia defeated the NLA and was about to put the final nail in their coffin with one decisive offensive that would have also politically weakened the Albanians significantly. [[WhatTheHellHero The offensive was cancelled due to American preassure]] and the Ohrid Agreement was signed which granted a lot of consessions to the Macedonian Albanians. What sounds fine and dandy in the first place gave the Albanians the opportunity to politically blackmail Macedonia at their whim, which they do. On top of that the ethnic tensions between Macedonians and Albanians are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Republic_of_Macedonia_inter-ethnic_violence sadly far from being resolved]].
** Inverted with the Republika Srpska. Being under heavy sanctions from Serbia since 1994 and having no means to repel the [[HopelessBossFight combined military apparatus of the Bosniaks, the Bosnian Croats, Croatia and NATO]], the Republika Srpska evaded utter defeat and total collapse by agreeing to the Dayton Agreement and being saved by the Americans the same way just like the Macedonian Albanians above. Today the Republika Srpska is the politically more stable entity in Bosnia and the Serbs have 49% of Bosnia and Herzegovina for themselves. Like the Macedonian Albanians above, the Bosnian Serbs are in a perfect position to obstruct anything that is against their interests.
* WouldNotShootACivilian: ''[[InvertedTrope Inverted.]]'' All that needs to be said.
* ZergRush / WeHaveReserves: A popular tactic used by the [=ArBiH=] and one of the main reasons for their horrendous casualties.


!!In fiction:

The primary use of the war today is as a source of modern day war criminals, as the Nazi ones are getting too old now. Because of the nature of the mass graves, many [[TheCoroner a forensic pathologist]] will have worked there.

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Animation and Comics]]
* ''Manga/KimagureOrangeRoad'': Mentioned in the ''Shin Kimagure Orange Road'' sequel-film, when it is stated that adult Kyosuke is a war reporter went missing in action taking pictures in Bosnia during the wars. The light novels describe in a greater length how they affected Kyosuke's psyche.
* In ''Seikon No Qwaser'' it serves as the backstory of Teresa who grew up in a Serbian-Orthodox monastery in the Krajina.
** One of the antagonists is called Croa a.k.a. "gas chamber", a fitting name because of both his ability to control chlorine and the genocidal crimes against Serbs (among them, against the women of Teresa's monastery. She herself was present and was damn lucky, that she wasn't raped and murdered like the rest of her friends) he commited.
* In ''Manga/{{Jormungand}}'' Koko tangles with a Serbian warlord known as "Baldra" (short for "Balkan Dragon"), whose real name is Dragan Nikolaevich. He is pretty obviously based off of Željko Ražnatović. The series takes place in 2012, which led some Serbian fans to joke about how the plot is TwoDecadesBehind.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* ''No Man's Land'', a famous anti-war movie about a Bosnian Muslim who is immobilized on a battlefield. As the Serbs have deliberately laid him on an anti-personnel mine which will explode if he gets up, he can't move at all. His choleric Bosnian friend and a bumbling NewMeat Serbian soldier then procede to bicker over him about who really started the war, etc. [[FireForgedFriends Later]], they [[EnemyMine grudgingly unite]] to fight for his and their own survival in the bombarded trenches. They even try to call help to free him from the trap. RuleOfFunny [[MoodWhiplash as well as]] RuleOfDrama [[{{Dramedy}} ensues]]. The film has a [[TearJerker major]] DownerEnding.
* Michael Winterbottom's ''Welcome to Sarajevo''.
* ''BehindEnemyLines'' features an American airman shot down over Bosnia, who must then fight through hostile Serbian troops to get to safety. The villain's [[TheDragon dragon]] in this film served as an inspiration for Niko Bellic of ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV''
* The Serbian film ''{{Underground}}'' tells the story of Yugoslavia from the Serbian resistance of WorldWarTwo to the Yugoslav wars. This dark comedy is ultimately about the tragedy of Yugoslavia's balkanization. It was also released as a 5 1/2 hour miniseries called ''Once Upon a Time, There was a Country'', which is also the film's closing line. Although it was well-received, some critics accused it of being Serbian nationalistic propoganda and of having an overly idealistic portrayal of communist Yugoslavia.
* In the TV-movie ''MacGyverLostTreasureOfAtlantis'', MacGyver and Prof. Atticus go to the Balkans to find Atlantean artifacts. After finding them, they must escape from hostile military forces.
* ''{{Savior}}'' features an American soldier turned mercenary who goes to Yugoslavia seeking revenge against muslims because they killed his family. Things become a lot more complicated later on though, as the movie explores themes of redemption, honour, and the effects of war on the civilian population from a very human, "from below" perspective.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Chinese Sci-Fi writer Cixin Liu's ''Butterfly of Entropy'' told the story of a Serbian meteorlogist who tries to creat heavy clouds above his hometown to spare his family from NATO bombing by starting wind current changes in some calculated points (like a butterfly generating a storm). He failed because, it seemed he already generated too much random currents and heat changes on his way.
* ''Zlata's Diary'', the diary of a young girl named [[http://w3.restena.lu/primaire/mondorf/altwies/5e97_98/Sarajevo/Sarajevo.html Zlata Filipović]] documenting her experiences before and during the Siege of Sarajevo. Despite contemporary media comparisons to Anne Frank (which she was understandably uncomfortable with), she escaped the war and is now a writer and film maker in Dublin. She also produced [[http://gunbar.stormloader.com/olivia.htm more than 40 pieces of]][[BreadEggsMilkSquick sadist literature]] set in Serbia beside this diary.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Two years before the events of the first season of ''Series/TwentyFour'', Jack Bauer leads a squad sent to kill Serbian war criminal Viktor Drazen. They fail to do that, but do kill his wife and daughter. Naturally, Drazen isn't happy.
* ''Series/WakingTheDead'' has Dr. Tara Fitzgerald having done forensic work in the former Yugoslavia. In one episode, the team investigate a case she worked on and results in a CrowningMomentOfAwesome as those responsible are identified by three witnesses a decade later.
* ''Series/NewTricks'' [[spoiler: A Serbian war criminal went into hiding as a monk in an addiction clinic and killed a man who recognised him.]]
* In ''Series/{{NCIS}}'', Dr. Donald Mallard worked on war graves in the former Yugoslavia.
* Many episodes in the early seasons of ''Series/{{JAG}}'', including the pilot, takes place in the background of this conflict.
* The pilot for ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' has Stabler and Benson investigating the murder of a cab driver... who turned out to be a Serbian war criminal and rapist [[spoiler: who was done in by his victims]].
* ''Series/{{ER}}'' had Dr. Luka Kovac, a Croatian who lost his wife and two children during the conflict. Incidentally, Goran Visnjic had also appeared prior to the series as one of the main characters in the aforementioned ''Welcome to Sarajevo''.
* ''The Death of Yugoslavia'' by BBC is probably by far one of the best documentaries about the war. Not only does it give great insight in every faction and their motivations, but also explains quite well how step by step Yugoslavia became fragmented and collapsed from within.
* An episode of ''Series/{{Extras}}'' features Creator/BenStiller directing a movie set during the Yugoslav Wars and based on the life of a real survivor.
* An episode of ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' features the gang working as extras on the set of a movie about the Yugoslav Wars. Frank and Dee play corpses during a scene of ethnic cleansing, but they refuse to sit still.
* The documentary-style British movie ''Warriors'' chronicles the [[DoomedMoralVictor hopeless struggle]] of British UN Peacekeepers to prevent crimes commited on the civilian populace in war-torn Bosnia. [[ScrewTheRulesImDoingWhatsRight Despite their honest efforts to save the persecuted refugees]] that are running from the [[ArmyOfThievesAndWhores various guerilla groups]], the young soldiers are constantly bullied by their [[ObstructiveBureaucrat UNPROFOR higher-ups]] [[PoliceAreUseless into letting the people they were supposed to protect get killed]] or [[ObligatoryWarCrimeScene be left at the mercy of unscrupolous killers]]. When the peacekeepers return home, [[ShellShockedVeteran most of them are showing clear signs of PTSD]]. The title of the movie is semi-ironic, actually referring to the [[http://www.tanknutdave.com/component/content/article/115 British-built APCs]] they intended to use for the evacuation of the refugees. The film was released in the US as ''Peacekeepers''.
* In the ''Series/{{Community}}'' episode "[[Recap/CommunityS2E18CustodyLawAndEasternEuropeanDiplomacy Custody Law and Eastern European Diplomacy]]", Britta begins dating Lukka, who is from the Balkans. She assumes that he's a {{Woobie}} war survivor, but later discovers that this isn't quite so:
-->'''Lukka''': So much killing. The corpses stacked like firewood, the rivers red with their blood. I miss it so much.\\
'''Britta''': Oh, Lukka! ''[starts kissing him, but then pulls back]'' Wait, just to clarify, when you say you miss it, it's like you have survivor's guilt; like you wish you were back over there defending the motherland, right?\\
'''Lukka''': Yes, I miss cleansing our fields and forests of the unclean people who stole my country. I miss the smell of the villages burning. ''[laughs wistfully]'' I miss the way they used to run from our tanks in fear.
* In the TV series ''{{Series/Motive}}'', one episode has a peaceekeeper discovering that the Bosnian Serb doctor who refused medical treatment to injured Muslims has escaped to Canada.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* ''Music/DeadWinterDead'' by {{Music/Savatage}} is a RockOpera set during the Siege of Sarajevo.
* ''[[VillainProtagonist We Burn]]'' by {{Sabaton}} is about the Srebrenica massacre.
* MarkoPerkovicThompson
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games]]
* The protagonist of ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV'', Niko Bellic, is a Serbian veteran of the Yugoslav Wars, particularly Bosnia.
* ''T-72: Balkans on Fire'' is set during one of the Yugoslav Wars in which the player is a Russian volunteer fighting on the Serbian side, mostly against the Croats.
* ''VideoGame/TacticsOgre'' is very heavily based off the Yugoslav wars. Seriously, just replace the names of Dolgare with Tito and all the ethnic groups with Croatian, Serbian, and Bosnian. They do not shy away from showing the hatred between the three factions either.
* [[TheDragon Markov]] from ''VideoGame/AceCombatAssaultHorizon'' was a Russian who participated in this conflict, most likely on the side of the Serbians. His StartOfDarkness occurs when an American airstrike accidentally kills his wife (most likely a reference to the accidental bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade by the U.S.).
* ''VideoGame/SteelPanthers'', specifically [=WinSPMBT=], covers almost all the various factions involved in the wars.

[[/folder]]
----
[[redirect:UsefulNotes/TheYugoslavWars]]
17th May '14 1:47:19 PM MarkLungo
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* Two years before the events of the first season of ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]'', Jack Bauer leads a squad sent to kill Serbian war criminal Viktor Drazen. They fail to do that, but do kill his wife and daughter. Naturally, Drazen isn't happy.
* ''WakingTheDead'' has Dr. Tara Fitzgerald having done forensic work in the former Yugoslavia. In one episode, the team investigate a case she worked on and results in a CrowningMomentOfAwesome as those responsible are identified by three witnesses a decade later.
* ''NewTricks'' [[spoiler: A Serbian war criminal went into hiding as a monk in an addiction clinic and killed a man who recognised him.]]
* In ''Series/{NCIS}}'', Dr. Donald Mallard worked on war graves in the former Yugoslavia.

to:

* Two years before the events of the first season of ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]'', ''Series/TwentyFour'', Jack Bauer leads a squad sent to kill Serbian war criminal Viktor Drazen. They fail to do that, but do kill his wife and daughter. Naturally, Drazen isn't happy.
* ''WakingTheDead'' ''Series/WakingTheDead'' has Dr. Tara Fitzgerald having done forensic work in the former Yugoslavia. In one episode, the team investigate a case she worked on and results in a CrowningMomentOfAwesome as those responsible are identified by three witnesses a decade later.
* ''NewTricks'' ''Series/NewTricks'' [[spoiler: A Serbian war criminal went into hiding as a monk in an addiction clinic and killed a man who recognised him.]]
* In ''Series/{NCIS}}'', ''Series/{{NCIS}}'', Dr. Donald Mallard worked on war graves in the former Yugoslavia.



* VideoGame/SteelPanthers, specifically WinSPMBT, covers almost all the various factions involved in the wars.

to:

* VideoGame/SteelPanthers, ''VideoGame/SteelPanthers'', specifically WinSPMBT, [=WinSPMBT=], covers almost all the various factions involved in the wars.
17th May '14 1:45:29 PM MarkLungo
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* Slovenia (1991): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_Defense_Forces_%28Yugoslavia%29 Slovenian TO]] vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_People%27s_Army Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)]]. Slovene victory and strategic JNA retreat after ten days due to Belgrade's political meddling, and so mostly forgotten. 63 dead.
* Croatian War of Independence (1991 - 1995): Croatia vs. Yugoslavia and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srpska_Krajina the Republika Srpska Krajina]] (1991 - 1992); Croatia vs. the Republika Srpska Krajina (1992 - 1995). Croatian victory. 22,699 dead.
* Bosnian War (1992 - 1995): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serbs]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Province_of_Western_Bosnia Bosniak quislings]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Republic_of_Herzeg-Bosnia Bosnian Croats]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Bosniak loyalists]] (1992 - 1994); Croats and Bosniaks vs. Serbs (1994 - 1995). Ended in a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayton_agreement stalemate]]. De facto best outcome for the Bosnian Serbs. 104,732 dead.
* Kosovo (1998 - 1999): Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Liberation_Army Kosovo Liberation Army]] (1998 - 1999); Federal Republic of Yugoslavia vs. the KLA, Albania and {{NATO}} (1999). Military [[MagnificentBastard Yugoslav success]], [[ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy NATO failure]] and [[CurbStompBattle KLA defeat]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumanovo_Treaty de jure draw]], de facto long-term NATO and Albanian victory. 14,305 dead.

to:

* Slovenia UsefulNotes/{{Slovenia}} (1991): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_Defense_Forces_%28Yugoslavia%29 Slovenian TO]] vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_People%27s_Army Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)]]. Slovene victory and strategic JNA retreat after ten days due to Belgrade's political meddling, and so mostly forgotten. 63 dead.
* Croatian UsefulNotes/{{Croatia}}n War of Independence (1991 - 1995): Croatia vs. Yugoslavia and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srpska_Krajina the Republika Srpska Krajina]] (1991 - 1992); Croatia vs. the Republika Srpska Krajina (1992 - 1995). Croatian victory. 22,699 dead.
* Bosnian UsefulNotes/{{Bosnia}}n War (1992 - 1995): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serbs]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_Province_of_Western_Bosnia Bosniak quislings]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croatian_Republic_of_Herzeg-Bosnia Bosnian Croats]] vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Bosniak loyalists]] (1992 - 1994); Croats and Bosniaks vs. Serbs (1994 - 1995). Ended in a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dayton_agreement stalemate]]. De facto best outcome for the Bosnian Serbs. 104,732 dead.
* Kosovo UsefulNotes/{{Kosovo}} (1998 - 1999): Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) vs. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Liberation_Army Kosovo Liberation Army]] (1998 - 1999); Federal Republic of Yugoslavia vs. the KLA, Albania and {{NATO}} (1999). Military [[MagnificentBastard Yugoslav success]], [[ImperialStormtrooperMarksmanshipAcademy NATO failure]] and [[CurbStompBattle KLA defeat]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumanovo_Treaty de jure draw]], de facto long-term NATO and Albanian victory. 14,305 dead.



* Macedonia (2001): Macedonia vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Liberation_Army_%28Albanians_of_Macedonia%29 National Liberation Army]]. Military Macedonian victory, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohrid_agreement de jure draw]] with some concessions to the Albanian minority, de facto [[SequelHook unresolved due to ongoing ethnic tensions]]. 731 dead.

to:

* Macedonia UsefulNotes/{{Macedonia}} (2001): Macedonia vs. the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Liberation_Army_%28Albanians_of_Macedonia%29 National Liberation Army]]. Military Macedonian victory, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohrid_agreement de jure draw]] with some concessions to the Albanian minority, de facto [[SequelHook unresolved due to ongoing ethnic tensions]]. 731 dead.



* ''NewTricks'' [[spoiler: A Serbian war criminal went into hiding as a monk in an addiction clinic and killed a man who recognised him]]
* [[{{NCIS}} Dr. Donald Mallard]] worked on war graves in the former Yugoslavia.

to:

* ''NewTricks'' [[spoiler: A Serbian war criminal went into hiding as a monk in an addiction clinic and killed a man who recognised him]]
him.]]
* [[{{NCIS}} In ''Series/{NCIS}}'', Dr. Donald Mallard]] Mallard worked on war graves in the former Yugoslavia.



* The pilot for ''LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' has Stabler and Benson investigating the murder of a cab driver... who turned out to be a Serbian war criminal and rapist [[spoiler: who was done in by his victims]].
* ''{{ER}}'' had Dr. Luka Kovac a Croatian who lost his wife and two children during the conflict. Incidentally, Goran Visnjić had also appeared prior to the series as one of the main characters in the aforementioned ''Welcome to Sarajevo''.

to:

* The pilot for ''LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' has Stabler and Benson investigating the murder of a cab driver... who turned out to be a Serbian war criminal and rapist [[spoiler: who was done in by his victims]].
* ''{{ER}}'' ''Series/{{ER}}'' had Dr. Luka Kovac Kovac, a Croatian who lost his wife and two children during the conflict. Incidentally, Goran Visnjić Visnjic had also appeared prior to the series as one of the main characters in the aforementioned ''Welcome to Sarajevo''.



* An episode of ''{{Series/Extras}}'' features Creator/BenStiller directing a movie set during the Yugoslav Wars and based on the life of a real survivor.
* An episode of ''ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' features the gang working as extras on the set of a movie about the Yugoslav Wars. Frank and Dee play corpses during a scene of ethnic cleansing, but they refuse to sit still.

to:

* An episode of ''{{Series/Extras}}'' ''Series/{{Extras}}'' features Creator/BenStiller directing a movie set during the Yugoslav Wars and based on the life of a real survivor.
* An episode of ''ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' features the gang working as extras on the set of a movie about the Yugoslav Wars. Frank and Dee play corpses during a scene of ethnic cleansing, but they refuse to sit still.



* In the ''{{Series/Community}}'' episode "[[Recap/CommunityS2E18CustodyLawAndEasternEuropeanDiplomacy Custody Law and Eastern European Diplomacy]]", Britta begins dating Lukka, who is from the Balkans. She assumes that he's a {{Woobie}} war survivor, but later discovers that this isn't quite so:

to:

* In the ''{{Series/Community}}'' ''Series/{{Community}}'' episode "[[Recap/CommunityS2E18CustodyLawAndEasternEuropeanDiplomacy Custody Law and Eastern European Diplomacy]]", Britta begins dating Lukka, who is from the Balkans. She assumes that he's a {{Woobie}} war survivor, but later discovers that this isn't quite so:
17th May '14 1:37:02 PM MarkLungo
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A series of six wars encompassing [[BalkaniseMe the former]] {{Yugoslavia}} from 1991-2001:

to:

A series of six wars encompassing [[BalkaniseMe the former]] {{Yugoslavia}} UsefulNotes/{{Yugoslavia}} from 1991-2001:
17th May '14 1:01:46 PM MarkLungo
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-->-- '''[[JosipBrozTito Josip Broz Tito]]'''

to:

-->-- '''[[JosipBrozTito Josip Broz Tito]]'''
'''UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito'''



Basically, without [[JosipBrozTito somebody]] to hold it together, Yugoslavia ripped itself apart in a spectacular fashion, producing the only big war in Europe since WorldWarTwo.The war is often thought of as religious, but has more roots in the whims of politicians manipulating myths about religion to serve their own purposes; as such, the battle lines were drawn in accordance with this masquerade: Serbs, who were Orthodox Christian, received help from the similarly Orthodox Russians; Croats, who were traditionally Catholic, received help from the Western countries; and the Bosniaks, who had converted to Islam during the Ottoman era received help from both the West and fellow Islamic countries. The wars also had an economic edge to them; the two northern republics were the most heavily industrialized, and their inhabitants often accused the government of subsidizing the Serb plurality (Serbs amounted to about 36% of the population; next largest were Croats at about 20%) at their expense, making them the first to bail.

to:

Basically, without [[JosipBrozTito [[UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito somebody]] to hold it together, Yugoslavia ripped itself apart in a spectacular fashion, producing the only big war in Europe since WorldWarTwo.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.The war is often thought of as religious, but has more roots in the whims of politicians manipulating myths about religion to serve their own purposes; as such, the battle lines were drawn in accordance with this masquerade: Serbs, who were Orthodox Christian, received help from the similarly Orthodox Russians; Croats, who were traditionally Catholic, received help from the Western countries; and the Bosniaks, who had converted to Islam during the Ottoman era received help from both the West and fellow Islamic countries. The wars also had an economic edge to them; the two northern republics were the most heavily industrialized, and their inhabitants often accused the government of subsidizing the Serb plurality (Serbs amounted to about 36% of the population; next largest were Croats at about 20%) at their expense, making them the first to bail.
10th May '14 12:08:59 PM darkpast
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Added DiffLines:

* ''{{Savior}}'' features an American soldier turned mercenary who goes to Yugoslavia seeking revenge against muslims because they killed his family. Things become a lot more complicated later on though, as the movie explores themes of redemption, honour, and the effects of war on the civilian population from a very human, "from below" perspective.


Added DiffLines:

* VideoGame/SteelPanthers, specifically WinSPMBT, covers almost all the various factions involved in the wars.
25th Apr '14 2:09:42 PM SSJMagus
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* ImprovisedWeapon : Croatia and Bosnia were woefully unequipped when the Serbian offensives started, so they had to resort to this very often. A notable example was Croatia having so few combat-capable planes that it had to resort to [[http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?31537-Pictures-from-Yugoslav-civil-war-91-99&p=716472&viewfull=1#post716472 making makeshift bombers out of Antonov An-2 cropdusters]]. Shockingly, ''[[CrazyEnoughToWork it]] [[RockBeatsLaser worked]]''! Using these flying technicals, the Croats were able to take out quite a lot of Serbian fortifications, armoured vehicles and camps around Vukovar, at least partially alleviating the city from the ongoing siege. Bosnia was in an even worse position concerning military equipment : The unconquered territory had virtually no meaningful air force left, the armoured vehicles were mostly obsolete and both the regular and irregular infantry had to be stretched to near breaking point to just hold at least a part of the long front line that sliced the country into very uneven parts. Unsurprisingly, this desperation and hunger for better weaponry caused a lot of BreakOutTheMuseumPiece moments - with one notable case being preserved WWII era armoured cars [[http://img78.exs.cx/img78/7836/bih6dw.jpg being refitted with modern weaponry]] and sent to the front. Croatia eventually built up a proper army thanks to foreign aid and some emergency purchases by the second half of the war. Bosnia was less fortunate in this regard.

to:

* ImprovisedWeapon : Croatia and Bosnia were woefully unequipped when the Serbian offensives started, so they had to resort to this very often. A notable example was Croatia having so few combat-capable planes that it had to resort to [[http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?31537-Pictures-from-Yugoslav-civil-war-91-99&p=716472&viewfull=1#post716472 making makeshift bombers out of Antonov An-2 cropdusters]]. Shockingly, ''[[CrazyEnoughToWork it]] [[RockBeatsLaser worked]]''! Using these flying technicals, the Croats were able to take out quite a lot of Serbian fortifications, armoured vehicles and camps around Vukovar, at least partially alleviating the city from the ongoing siege. Bosnia was in an even worse position concerning military equipment : The unconquered territory had virtually no meaningful air force left, the armoured vehicles were mostly obsolete and both the regular and irregular infantry had to be stretched to near breaking point to just hold at least a part of the long front line that sliced the country into very uneven parts. Unsurprisingly, this desperation and hunger for better weaponry caused a lot of BreakOutTheMuseumPiece moments - with one notable case being preserved WWII era armoured cars [[http://img78.exs.cx/img78/7836/bih6dw.jpg being refitted with modern weaponry]] and sent to the front. Croatia eventually built up a proper army thanks to foreign aid and some emergency purchases by the second half of the war.war, and created what's now a well-regarded arms industry out of practically nothing. Bosnia was less fortunate in this regard.
7th Apr '14 8:07:10 PM teslashark
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'''Republika Srpska'''

* '''Radovan Karadžić''' - President of Republika Srpska (RS) from 1992 to 1996. He was also the founder and first leader of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Democratic_Party_(Bosnia_and_Herzegovina) Serbian Democratic Party (SDS)]].
* '''Biljana Plavšić''' - Vice-president of Republika Srpska from 1992 to 1996. Following the war she succeeded Radovan Karadžić as president of RS in 1996.
* '''Momčilo Krajišnik''' - Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.
* '''Ratko Mladić''' - Commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serb Army (VRS)]].
* '''Manojlo Milovanović''' - Colonel General of the VRS and second man after Mladić.
* '''Stanislav Galić''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1992 to 1994.
* '''Dragomir Milošević''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1994 to 1995.
* '''Dragan Obrenović''' - Senior officer and commander in the JNA and later the VRS.
* '''Milan Lukić''' - Commander in the paramilitary group "White Eagles" and was a prominent figure in the 1992 takeover and subsequent ethnic cleansing of eastern Bosnia.

'''Republika Srpska Krajina'''

* '''Milan Martić''' - Military and political leader of Republika Srpska Krajina. Martić held various leadership positions, including President, Minister of Defence and Minister of Internal Affairs.
* '''Milan Babić''' - First President of RSK.
* '''Mile Mrkšić''' - Former JNA and general and later the Commander in Chief of the Military of Serbian Krajina (SVK).
* '''Goran Hadžić''' - Leader of the Serbs in eastern Slavonia and later briefly president of RSK.



'''Republika Srpska Krajina'''

* '''Milan Martić''' - Military and political leader of Republika Srpska Krajina. Martić held various leadership positions, including President, Minister of Defence and Minister of Internal Affairs.
* '''Milan Babić''' - First President of RSK.
* '''Mile Mrkšić''' - Former JNA and general and later the Commander in Chief of the Military of Serbian Krajina (SVK).
* '''Goran Hadžić''' - Leader of the Serbs in eastern Slavonia and later briefly president of RSK.



'''Republika Srpska'''

* '''Radovan Karadžić''' - President of Republika Srpska (RS) from 1992 to 1996. He was also the founder and first leader of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_Democratic_Party_(Bosnia_and_Herzegovina) Serbian Democratic Party (SDS)]].
* '''Biljana Plavšić''' - Vice-president of Republika Srpska from 1992 to 1996. Following the war she succeeded Radovan Karadžić as president of RS in 1996.
* '''Momčilo Krajišnik''' - Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.
* '''Ratko Mladić''' - Commander of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_of_Republika_Srpska Bosnian Serb Army (VRS)]].
* '''Manojlo Milovanović''' - Colonel General of the VRS and second man after Mladić.
* '''Stanislav Galić''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1992 to 1994.
* '''Dragomir Milošević''' - Commander of the VRS in and around Sarajevo from 1994 to 1995.
* '''Dragan Obrenović''' - Senior officer and commander in the JNA and later the VRS.
* '''Milan Lukić''' - Commander in the paramilitary group "White Eagles" and was a prominent figure in the 1992 takeover and subsequent ethnic cleansing of eastern Bosnia.



* '''Wesley Clark'''

to:

* '''Wesley Clark'''Clark''' - In charge of NATO, and bought Kosovo's coal mines.



* ''Zlata's Diary'', the diary of a young girl named [[http://w3.restena.lu/primaire/mondorf/altwies/5e97_98/Sarajevo/Sarajevo.html Zlata Filipović]] documenting her experiences before and during the Siege of Sarajevo. Despite contemporary media comparisons to Anne Frank (which she was understandably uncomfortable with), she escaped the war and is now a writer and film maker in Dublin. She also produced [[http://gunbar.stormloader.com/olivia.htm more than 40 pieces of]][[BreadEggsMilkSquick sadist literature]] set in Serbia beside this diary.

to:

* ''Zlata's Diary'', the diary of a young girl named [[http://w3.restena.lu/primaire/mondorf/altwies/5e97_98/Sarajevo/Sarajevo.html Zlata Filipović]] documenting her experiences before and during the Siege of Sarajevo. Despite contemporary media comparisons to Anne Frank (which she was understandably uncomfortable with), she escaped the war and is now a writer and film maker in Dublin. She also produced [[http://gunbar.stormloader.com/olivia.htm more than 40 pieces of]][[BreadEggsMilkSquick of]][[BreadEggsMilkSquick sadist literature]] set in Serbia beside this diary.
7th Apr '14 8:03:15 PM teslashark
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* ''Zlata's Diary'', the diary of a young girl named Zlata Filipović documenting her experiences before and during the Siege of Sarajevo. Despite contemporary media comparisons to Anne Frank (which she was understandably uncomfortable with), she escaped the war and is now a writer and film maker in Dublin.

to:

* ''Zlata's Diary'', the diary of a young girl named [[http://w3.restena.lu/primaire/mondorf/altwies/5e97_98/Sarajevo/Sarajevo.html Zlata Filipović Filipović]] documenting her experiences before and during the Siege of Sarajevo. Despite contemporary media comparisons to Anne Frank (which she was understandably uncomfortable with), she escaped the war and is now a writer and film maker in Dublin. She also produced [[http://gunbar.stormloader.com/olivia.htm more than 40 pieces of]][[BreadEggsMilkSquick sadist literature]] set in Serbia beside this diary.
25th Mar '14 6:20:24 AM mardi
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Eventually, that war ended via Western intervention, but things got trickier as Kosovo decided that it was time to [[BalkanizeMe break ties]] with Serbia. This sparked the third big conflict, the Kosovo War. What was left of Yugoslavia decided to take deadly measures in the southern region which prompted America to intervene. The war only came to an end after America used diplomatic cunning and outright broke the peace treaty it just signed as soon as Yugoslav soldiers left the province. While the Albanians in Kosovo have still claimed their independence, it is not officially recognized by Serbia or the majority of the international community.

to:

Eventually, that war ended via Western intervention, but things got trickier as Albanian extremists in Kosovo decided that it was time to [[BalkanizeMe break ties]] with Serbia.Serbia and make Kosovo a part of "great Albania". This sparked the third big conflict, the Kosovo War. What was left of Yugoslavia decided to take deadly measures against radical islam terrorists in the southern region which prompted America United States used as an excuse to intervene. The war only came to an end after America used diplomatic cunning and outright broke the peace treaty it just signed as soon as Yugoslav soldiers left the province. While province and (with help of Nato) bombarded Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia with tons of depleted uranium, killing (both Albanian and Serbian) men, women and children. After that, the former leaders of KLA military organization were put in charge of the region's goverment, with extremists proceeding to destroy old Serbian monuments (usually christian churches) and killing non-Albanian population. In 2008. Albanians in Kosovo have still claimed their independence, it is not independence which officially isn't recognized by Serbia or the majority of the international community.
community, but is recognized by most countries of Nato and some of their former colonies.
This list shows the last 10 events of 395. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.TheYugoslavWars