History Main / TheStranger

18th Nov '15 11:15:48 AM HeraldAlberich
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* ''Film/TheStranger', a 1946 film directed by Creator/OrsonWelles.

to:

* ''Film/TheStranger', ''Film/TheStranger'', a 1946 film directed by Creator/OrsonWelles.
17th Sep '14 11:52:47 PM SeptimusHeap
Is there an issue? Send a Message


[[redirect:Literature/TheStranger]]

to:

[[redirect:Literature/TheStranger]]A link somewhere on the Internet sent you to this page.

It may refer to one of the following:
* ''Literature/TheStranger'': The first novel of Creator/AlbertCamus, published in 1942.
* ''Film/TheStranger', a 1946 film directed by Creator/OrsonWelles.

Please change any link to point to the correct page.
----
1st Apr '13 7:33:38 PM Xtifr
Is there an issue? Send a Message


[[quoteright:331:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/l_etranger_albert_camus.jpg]]

->''"Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don't know."''

The first novel of Creator/AlbertCamus, published in 1942—which subsequently launched his writing career.

The narrator is an emotionally detached young man, one M. Meursault ([[LastNameBasis we never get his first name]]), a man who lives in French-colonized Algeria sometime between the two World Wars. The book opens with the news of his mother's death. He visits her nursing home, muses on the life she led there, then attends her funeral, most of which he finds quite boring. While he's reprimanded for not showing his grief, he doesn't really see the problem and soon asks out a nice girl at work. She becomes his girlfriend and the two happily spend time together as Meursault goes about his daily life working in a nondescript office.

As the days go by, Meursault begins observing his neighbors. One of those neighbors, Raymond, enlists Meursault's help in getting revenge on his girlfriend, an Arab woman, who he thinks was cheating on him. Meursault has absolutely no problem with his neighbour's abusive attitude, and simply helps him out as best as he can. Soon enough, Meursault and Raymond encounter the brother of Raymond's ex. Meursault, somewhat drunk and dazzled by the sunlight, ends up shooting the man with Raymond's revolver, simply for [[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]].

Meursault's ends up in prison, although he's not quite sure why, and he struggles to understand what everyone's so upset about. The judge who talks to Meursault doesn't seem to care much about the murder of the Arab, but [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking takes offense at Meursault's atheism]]. Meursault is distracted during his trial and would much rather focus on the sounds outside. The prosecution uses his lack of grief at his mother's death as evidence against him; he doesn't deny anything. He rots in his cell, wishes he had cigarettes, and ponders the meaninglessness of life. He's genuinely baffled when he begins to understand the justice system and, with some detachment, the purpose of punishment. A priest visits Meursault and is, like the judge, appalled at his atheism; Meursault ends up assaulting him. The book ends with Meursault about to be executed, hoping people will watch.
----
!! Provides examples of:

* {{Absurdism}}: An early specimen and one of the best known non-theatre examples.
* ArcWords: "But I got used to it."
* BeigeProse: The narrator's tendency to give equal weight to everything - from his mother's death to how he feels about someone at any point in time - leads to this.
* BewareTheHonestOnes
* CannotTellALie: Interestingly averted. WordOfGod claimed that it never occurs to Meursault to say anything but the truth, but in fact Meursault lies at least twice, each time with unpleasant consequences. He writes the letter for Raymond that will persuade Raymond's girlfriend to return, knowing that Raymond only wants her back so he can beat her up; later he lies to the police, backing up Raymond's claim that he didn't hit the girl.
* CharacterWitness: Meursault and Raymond for each other.
* ChekhovsGun: Literal, with a side of irony. Meursault takes Raymond's pistol away from him so that Raymond won't shoot the Arab.
* CutAndPasteTranslation: Matthew Ward's English translation (currently the most popular one in America) spends a good deal of its introduction bashing Stuart Gilbert's (which before his was the ''only'' one available in America.) In the original French, and in Ward's version, the narrator begins as a TerseTalker in the vein of an Creator/ErnestHemingway protagonist, then becomes oddly lyrical after going to jail. Gilbert essentially turns him British, and incidentally rewrites some of his [[CloudCuckooLander odder]] comments to sound more conventional.
* EmptyShell: Averted. Meursault may appear to be this, simply because of the BeigeProse (see above), but a closer reading reveals that he does have emotions.
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: The first two sentences of the book, quoted at the top of the page.
* ExtremeDoormat: Meursault initially seems to be an EmptyShell, but given his violent outburst at the priest in the end, it's more likely that he's one of these with a small remaining core of selfhood. He apparently used to have ambitions and dreams, but he abandoned them all as meaningless. Since he thinks nothing really matters, he does pretty much anything people ask him to.
* {{Foil}}: Meursault and just about everyone else.
* HeatWave
* TheHeroDies: Though his death is never depicted, he knows in the end that it's coming soon.
* HollywoodAtheist: The law officials' attitude towards Meursault changes when they find out he's an atheist, and afterwards try to portray him as a violent monster.
* IncriminatingIndifference: The prosecution's argument against Meursault is, essentially, "He didn't cry at his mother's funeral, therefore he's psychotic, therefore he deserves to die." It doesn't help that Meursault admits his guilt from the get-go.
* {{Jerkass}}: Raymond beats his girlfriend up and has a neighbor write a threatening letter to her, gets in a fight with the girl's brother, and when the neighbor and friend he got into this mess kills him, leaves him for dead. Salamano literally [[KickTheDog kicks his dog]], among other abuses. And the case can be made either way for Meursault.
* LastNameBasis: Meursault.
* LightIsNotGood: Meursault mentions the sun being particularly bright on the day of his mother's funeral, and when he shoots the Arab. Light and heat is a recurring motif throughout the book, for example: when waiting for the bus, the wake, the burial, and the aforementioned beach. Meursault thinks of all of those examples negatively. [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic Whether this means something is up to your interpretation.]]
* LonersAreFreaks
* NietzscheWannabe: Meursault comes off as the PerkyGoth version of this. To him, life is meaningless since death is inevitable, but he does not mind meaninglessness, and he takes joy in the moment. This also means that to him every life is equally valuable, even a dog's life. May be horrifying, depending on whether or not you follow Camus' philosophy.
* NotSoStoic:
** [[spoiler: After spending the story completely calm and indifferent to absolutely everything, Meursault SNAPS at the priest at the book's end.]]
** Arguably Salamano. He spends most of his introduction being a grumpy old man who hates and abuses his dog. After the dog runs away, he becomes grumpier and more hateful. When he realizes the dog isn't coming back, he begins to cry.
* PurpleProse: Invoked in the prosecutor's angry tirades against Meursault. Especially {{egregious}} when he is expounding upon the perceived emptiness of Meursault's soul.
* RedOniBlueOni: Raymond and Meursault.
* SociopathicHero: Meursault, possibly.
* TheStoic: Meursault, of course. He feels emotions, but not for the same reasons as most people, and he doesn't really show it.
* TooDumbToLive: Meursault. Or rather, Too Neutral To Live. He does things, usually, because there's no reason not to do them; the few things he enjoys are immediate pleasures like smoking and sex.
* UncattyResemblance: Lampshaded with Salamano. He's acquired his dog's scabs and sores, and the dog has acquired his stooped, neck-straining look.
* VerbalTic: Everything Masson says contains the phrase "and I'd even say."
* WillNotTellALie: Meursault is always honest, which does not help him during the trial.
----

to:

[[quoteright:331:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/l_etranger_albert_camus.jpg]]

->''"Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don't know."''

The first novel of Creator/AlbertCamus, published in 1942—which subsequently launched his writing career.

The narrator is an emotionally detached young man, one M. Meursault ([[LastNameBasis we never get his first name]]), a man who lives in French-colonized Algeria sometime between the two World Wars. The book opens with the news of his mother's death. He visits her nursing home, muses on the life she led there, then attends her funeral, most of which he finds quite boring. While he's reprimanded for not showing his grief, he doesn't really see the problem and soon asks out a nice girl at work. She becomes his girlfriend and the two happily spend time together as Meursault goes about his daily life working in a nondescript office.

As the days go by, Meursault begins observing his neighbors. One of those neighbors, Raymond, enlists Meursault's help in getting revenge on his girlfriend, an Arab woman, who he thinks was cheating on him. Meursault has absolutely no problem with his neighbour's abusive attitude, and simply helps him out as best as he can. Soon enough, Meursault and Raymond encounter the brother of Raymond's ex. Meursault, somewhat drunk and dazzled by the sunlight, ends up shooting the man with Raymond's revolver, simply for [[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]].

Meursault's ends up in prison, although he's not quite sure why, and he struggles to understand what everyone's so upset about. The judge who talks to Meursault doesn't seem to care much about the murder of the Arab, but [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking takes offense at Meursault's atheism]]. Meursault is distracted during his trial and would much rather focus on the sounds outside. The prosecution uses his lack of grief at his mother's death as evidence against him; he doesn't deny anything. He rots in his cell, wishes he had cigarettes, and ponders the meaninglessness of life. He's genuinely baffled when he begins to understand the justice system and, with some detachment, the purpose of punishment. A priest visits Meursault and is, like the judge, appalled at his atheism; Meursault ends up assaulting him. The book ends with Meursault about to be executed, hoping people will watch.
----
!! Provides examples of:

* {{Absurdism}}: An early specimen and one of the best known non-theatre examples.
* ArcWords: "But I got used to it."
* BeigeProse: The narrator's tendency to give equal weight to everything - from his mother's death to how he feels about someone at any point in time - leads to this.
* BewareTheHonestOnes
* CannotTellALie: Interestingly averted. WordOfGod claimed that it never occurs to Meursault to say anything but the truth, but in fact Meursault lies at least twice, each time with unpleasant consequences. He writes the letter for Raymond that will persuade Raymond's girlfriend to return, knowing that Raymond only wants her back so he can beat her up; later he lies to the police, backing up Raymond's claim that he didn't hit the girl.
* CharacterWitness: Meursault and Raymond for each other.
* ChekhovsGun: Literal, with a side of irony. Meursault takes Raymond's pistol away from him so that Raymond won't shoot the Arab.
* CutAndPasteTranslation: Matthew Ward's English translation (currently the most popular one in America) spends a good deal of its introduction bashing Stuart Gilbert's (which before his was the ''only'' one available in America.) In the original French, and in Ward's version, the narrator begins as a TerseTalker in the vein of an Creator/ErnestHemingway protagonist, then becomes oddly lyrical after going to jail. Gilbert essentially turns him British, and incidentally rewrites some of his [[CloudCuckooLander odder]] comments to sound more conventional.
* EmptyShell: Averted. Meursault may appear to be this, simply because of the BeigeProse (see above), but a closer reading reveals that he does have emotions.
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: The first two sentences of the book, quoted at the top of the page.
* ExtremeDoormat: Meursault initially seems to be an EmptyShell, but given his violent outburst at the priest in the end, it's more likely that he's one of these with a small remaining core of selfhood. He apparently used to have ambitions and dreams, but he abandoned them all as meaningless. Since he thinks nothing really matters, he does pretty much anything people ask him to.
* {{Foil}}: Meursault and just about everyone else.
* HeatWave
* TheHeroDies: Though his death is never depicted, he knows in the end that it's coming soon.
* HollywoodAtheist: The law officials' attitude towards Meursault changes when they find out he's an atheist, and afterwards try to portray him as a violent monster.
* IncriminatingIndifference: The prosecution's argument against Meursault is, essentially, "He didn't cry at his mother's funeral, therefore he's psychotic, therefore he deserves to die." It doesn't help that Meursault admits his guilt from the get-go.
* {{Jerkass}}: Raymond beats his girlfriend up and has a neighbor write a threatening letter to her, gets in a fight with the girl's brother, and when the neighbor and friend he got into this mess kills him, leaves him for dead. Salamano literally [[KickTheDog kicks his dog]], among other abuses. And the case can be made either way for Meursault.
* LastNameBasis: Meursault.
* LightIsNotGood: Meursault mentions the sun being particularly bright on the day of his mother's funeral, and when he shoots the Arab. Light and heat is a recurring motif throughout the book, for example: when waiting for the bus, the wake, the burial, and the aforementioned beach. Meursault thinks of all of those examples negatively. [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic Whether this means something is up to your interpretation.]]
* LonersAreFreaks
* NietzscheWannabe: Meursault comes off as the PerkyGoth version of this. To him, life is meaningless since death is inevitable, but he does not mind meaninglessness, and he takes joy in the moment. This also means that to him every life is equally valuable, even a dog's life. May be horrifying, depending on whether or not you follow Camus' philosophy.
* NotSoStoic:
** [[spoiler: After spending the story completely calm and indifferent to absolutely everything, Meursault SNAPS at the priest at the book's end.]]
** Arguably Salamano. He spends most of his introduction being a grumpy old man who hates and abuses his dog. After the dog runs away, he becomes grumpier and more hateful. When he realizes the dog isn't coming back, he begins to cry.
* PurpleProse: Invoked in the prosecutor's angry tirades against Meursault. Especially {{egregious}} when he is expounding upon the perceived emptiness of Meursault's soul.
* RedOniBlueOni: Raymond and Meursault.
* SociopathicHero: Meursault, possibly.
* TheStoic: Meursault, of course. He feels emotions, but not for the same reasons as most people, and he doesn't really show it.
* TooDumbToLive: Meursault. Or rather, Too Neutral To Live. He does things, usually, because there's no reason not to do them; the few things he enjoys are immediate pleasures like smoking and sex.
* UncattyResemblance: Lampshaded with Salamano. He's acquired his dog's scabs and sores, and the dog has acquired his stooped, neck-straining look.
* VerbalTic: Everything Masson says contains the phrase "and I'd even say."
* WillNotTellALie: Meursault is always honest, which does not help him during the trial.
----
[[redirect:Literature/TheStranger]]
5th Mar '13 11:48:45 PM Antwan
Is there an issue? Send a Message


-->''Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don't know.''

The first novel of AlbertCamus, published in 1942—which subsequently launched his writing career.

to:

-->''Maman ->''"Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don't know.''

"''

The first novel of AlbertCamus, Creator/AlbertCamus, published in 1942—which subsequently launched his writing career.






1st Mar '13 7:24:57 AM Solle
Is there an issue? Send a Message


'''Long version:''' The narrator is an emotionally detached young man, one M. Meursault ([[LastNameBasis we never get his first name]]), a man who lives in French-colonized Algeria sometime between the two World Wars. The book opens with the news of his mother's death. He visits her nursing home, muses on the life she led there, then attends her funeral, most of which he finds quite boring. While he's reprimanded for not showing his grief, he doesn't really see the problem and soon asks out a nice girl at work. She becomes his girlfriend and the two happily spend time together as Meursault goes about his daily life working in a nondescript office.

to:

'''Long version:''' The narrator is an emotionally detached young man, one M. Meursault ([[LastNameBasis we never get his first name]]), a man who lives in French-colonized Algeria sometime between the two World Wars. The book opens with the news of his mother's death. He visits her nursing home, muses on the life she led there, then attends her funeral, most of which he finds quite boring. While he's reprimanded for not showing his grief, he doesn't really see the problem and soon asks out a nice girl at work. She becomes his girlfriend and the two happily spend time together as Meursault goes about his daily life working in a nondescript office.
1st Mar '13 7:12:28 AM Solle
Is there an issue? Send a Message


'''Short version:''' An emotionally detached young man learns that his mother's dead, gets engaged to his girlfriend for no particular reason, shoots a man for ''[[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]]'', has a bunch of philosophical existential internal monologues and conversations in prison, and is convicted and executed as he struggles to understand what everyone's so upset about.

'''Long version:''' The narrator is one M. Meursault ([[LastNameBasis we never get his first name]]), a man who lives in French-colonized Algeria sometime between the two World Wars. The book opens with the news of his mother's death. He visits her nursing home, muses on the life she led there, then attends her funeral, most of which he finds quite boring. He goes on about his daily life: working in a nondescript office, spending time with his girlfriend, observing his neighbors. One of those neighbors, Raymond, enlists Meursault's help in getting revenge on his girlfriend, an Arab woman, who he thinks was cheating on him. Later on, Meursault and Raymond encounter the brother of Raymond's ex. Meursault, somewhat drunk and dazzled by the sunlight, ends up shooting the man with Raymond's revolver, [[ItAmusedMe for no particular reason]]. Thus ends Part One.

Part Two details Meursault's time in prison, and gets much more abstract. The judge who talks to Meursault doesn't seem to care much about the murder of the Arab, but [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking takes offense at Meursault's atheism]]. Meursault rots in his cell, wishes he had cigarettes, and ponders the meaninglessness of life. The prosecution at his trial uses his lack of grief at his mother's death as evidence against him; he doesn't deny anything. A priest visits Meursault and is, like the judge, appalled at his atheism; Meursault ends up assaulting him. The book ends with Meursault about to be executed, hoping people will watch.

to:

'''Short version:''' An emotionally detached young man learns that his mother's dead, gets engaged to his girlfriend for no particular reason, shoots a man for ''[[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]]'', has a bunch of philosophical existential internal monologues and conversations in prison, and is convicted and executed as he struggles to understand what everyone's so upset about.

'''Long version:''' The narrator is an emotionally detached young man, one M. Meursault ([[LastNameBasis we never get his first name]]), a man who lives in French-colonized Algeria sometime between the two World Wars. The book opens with the news of his mother's death. He visits her nursing home, muses on the life she led there, then attends her funeral, most of which he finds quite boring. He While he's reprimanded for not showing his grief, he doesn't really see the problem and soon asks out a nice girl at work. She becomes his girlfriend and the two happily spend time together as Meursault goes on about his daily life: life working in a nondescript office, spending time with his girlfriend, office.

As the days go by, Meursault begins
observing his neighbors. One of those neighbors, Raymond, enlists Meursault's help in getting revenge on his girlfriend, an Arab woman, who he thinks was cheating on him. Later on, Meursault has absolutely no problem with his neighbour's abusive attitude, and simply helps him out as best as he can. Soon enough, Meursault and Raymond encounter the brother of Raymond's ex. Meursault, somewhat drunk and dazzled by the sunlight, ends up shooting the man with Raymond's revolver, [[ItAmusedMe simply for no particular reason]]. Thus ends Part One.

Part Two details
[[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]].

Meursault's time ends up in prison, although he's not quite sure why, and gets much more abstract.he struggles to understand what everyone's so upset about. The judge who talks to Meursault doesn't seem to care much about the murder of the Arab, but [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking takes offense at Meursault's atheism]]. Meursault rots in is distracted during his cell, wishes he had cigarettes, trial and ponders would much rather focus on the meaninglessness of life. sounds outside. The prosecution at his trial uses his lack of grief at his mother's death as evidence against him; he doesn't deny anything.anything. He rots in his cell, wishes he had cigarettes, and ponders the meaninglessness of life. He's genuinely baffled when he begins to understand the justice system and, with some detachment, the purpose of punishment. A priest visits Meursault and is, like the judge, appalled at his atheism; Meursault ends up assaulting him. The book ends with Meursault about to be executed, hoping people will watch.
1st Mar '13 5:09:18 AM Solle
Is there an issue? Send a Message


'''Short version:''' An emotionally detached young man learns that his mother's dead, gets engaged to his girlfriend for no particular reason, shoots a man for ''[[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]]'', has a bunch of philosophical existential internal monologues and conversations in prison, and is convicted and executed mostly for being a Jerkass.

to:

'''Short version:''' An emotionally detached young man learns that his mother's dead, gets engaged to his girlfriend for no particular reason, shoots a man for ''[[RuleOfSymbolism getting the sun]] [[DisproportionateRetribution into his eye at that time]]'', has a bunch of philosophical existential internal monologues and conversations in prison, and is convicted and executed mostly for being a Jerkass.
as he struggles to understand what everyone's so upset about.
22nd Feb '13 11:35:43 AM SeptimusHeap
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* AntiHero: On the SlidingScaleOfAntiHeroes, Meursault is a Type V, one of the two types of AntiHero in an existentialist novel.
20th Nov '12 8:07:02 AM 05tele
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* CannotTellALie: Interestingly averted. [[WordOfGod]] claimed that it never occurs to Meursault to say anything but the truth, but in fact Meursault lies at least twice, each time with unpleasant consequences. He writes the letter for Raymond that will persuade Raymond's girlfriend to return, knowing that Raymond only wants her back so he can beat her up; later he lies to the police, backing up Raymond's claim that he didn't hit the girl.

to:

* CannotTellALie: Interestingly averted. [[WordOfGod]] WordOfGod claimed that it never occurs to Meursault to say anything but the truth, but in fact Meursault lies at least twice, each time with unpleasant consequences. He writes the letter for Raymond that will persuade Raymond's girlfriend to return, knowing that Raymond only wants her back so he can beat her up; later he lies to the police, backing up Raymond's claim that he didn't hit the girl.
20th Nov '12 7:52:31 AM 05tele
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* CannotTellALie: It never occurs to Meursault to say anything but the truth.

to:

* CannotTellALie: It Interestingly averted. [[WordOfGod]] claimed that it never occurs to Meursault to say anything but the truth.truth, but in fact Meursault lies at least twice, each time with unpleasant consequences. He writes the letter for Raymond that will persuade Raymond's girlfriend to return, knowing that Raymond only wants her back so he can beat her up; later he lies to the police, backing up Raymond's claim that he didn't hit the girl.
This list shows the last 10 events of 58. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.TheStranger