History Main / SpacePlane

10th Jan '18 2:10:05 PM marcoasalazarm
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* The titular ''Starlight One'' hypersonic sub-orbital passenger liner in the 1983 disaster MadeForTV Movie of the same name, based on experimental NASA spaceplane technology. The "disaster" stuff happens when space debris damages it heat shielding and thruster controls, leaving it stranded in orbit.
6th Jan '18 12:54:55 AM Ferot_Dreadnaught
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* In ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', the FF-3/FF-S3 Sword Fish is a multi-use interceptor that functions in high altitude and low orbit. It's successor, the [[TransformingMecha Transformable]] HumongousMecha MSZ-006C4 Zeta plus C4 is a HumongousMecha version of it, and its SuperPrototype, the MSZ-006 Zeta Gundam is basically the real SpacePlane version for both full range aerial and space combat, instead of only specializing in around the atmosphere.

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* In ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', the FF-3/FF-S3 Sword Fish is a multi-use interceptor that functions in high altitude and low orbit. It's successor, the [[TransformingMecha Transformable]] HumongousMecha MSZ-006C4 Zeta plus C4 is a HumongousMecha version of it, and its SuperPrototype, the MSZ-006 Zeta Gundam is basically the real SpacePlane Space Plane version for both full range aerial and space combat, instead of only specializing in around the atmosphere.



* In ''Film/StarshipTroopers'', [[http://starshiptroopers.wikia.com/wiki/Dropship_%28films%29 dropships]] pick up the title characters. It's not clear how they get from surface to space, but they do look and act like a SpacePlane.

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* In ''Film/StarshipTroopers'', [[http://starshiptroopers.wikia.com/wiki/Dropship_%28films%29 dropships]] pick up the title characters. It's not clear how they get from surface to space, but they do look and act like a SpacePlane.Space Plane.



* One of the purest examples of this trope is the [[http://www.planet3earth.co.uk/orion_3_spaceplane.htm "Orion III"]] SpacePlane model, which appeared briefly in ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey''.

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* One of the purest examples of this trope is the [[http://www.planet3earth.co.uk/orion_3_spaceplane.htm "Orion III"]] SpacePlane Space Plane model, which appeared briefly in ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey''.



* VideoGame/{{Civilization}}: Call to Power has several units that can launch themselves into space. (Including an actual SpacePlane unit, and a unit called a SpaceFighter). The Civilization 2: Test of Time Sci-fi game also has several units that can travel into space. (The Shuttle is probably the most obvious example.)

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* VideoGame/{{Civilization}}: Call to Power has several units that can launch themselves into space. (Including an actual SpacePlane Space Plane unit, and a unit called a SpaceFighter). The Civilization 2: Test of Time Sci-fi game also has several units that can travel into space. (The Shuttle is probably the most obvious example.)



* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockwell_X-30 X-30]] "National Aerospace Plane", which was never built. A smaller version, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NASA_X-43 X-43]], reached a maximum speed of nearly Mach 10 using a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pegasus_rocket Pegasus missile]] as a booster. Keep in mind that to be a true SpacePlane, an aircraft would need to reach somewhere around Mach 25, depending on what altitude you were at, ''without'' a booster.

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* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockwell_X-30 X-30]] "National Aerospace Plane", which was never built. A smaller version, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NASA_X-43 X-43]], reached a maximum speed of nearly Mach 10 using a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pegasus_rocket Pegasus missile]] as a booster. Keep in mind that to be a true SpacePlane, Space Plane, an aircraft would need to reach somewhere around Mach 25, depending on what altitude you were at, ''without'' a booster.
28th Nov '17 10:17:15 AM girlyboy
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* You can try to build one in ''VideoGame/KerbalSpaceProgram'', once you're tired of old-fashioned rockets. It's not easy by any means.
** Made [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cQz09CRjBE easier]] in the 0.23 update with the RAPIER hybrid jet/rocket engine (based on the Skylon's SABRE engine), and with 0.25 making the Spaceplane Plus mod [[OfficialFanSubmittedContent official content]]

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* You can try ''VideoGame/KerbalSpaceProgram'' lets you build and fly space planes -- or lets you ''attempt'' it, at least. It is a fairly realistic use of the trope -- the challenges of designing a space plane in the game will give you a good idea of why no-one's managed to build one in ''VideoGame/KerbalSpaceProgram'', once you're tired RealLife. You have to find the right balance of old-fashioned rockets. It's not easy by any means.
air-breathing and rocket engines (each of which will be massive dead weight while the other is operating), pack enough fuel for both, make sure the whole thing is aerodynamic and controllable, and then you might find it's too heavy to leave the runway, or too under-powered to reach the extreme speeds required to achieve orbit, or [[ReEntryScare can't survive the heat of re-entry]]... It ''can'' be done, however, and can be very rewarding -- both because of the challenge and for the same reasons as in real life: in the game's career mode, having a re-usable single-stage-to-orbit launcher can save you a ''lot'' of resources.
** Made Since the game's 0.23 update this was made a bit [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cQz09CRjBE easier]] in the 0.23 update with the RAPIER hybrid jet/rocket engine (based on the (a direct reference to Skylon's SABRE engine), engine); however, subsequent updates made the game's aerodynamic model more detailed and with 0.25 making re-entry heating more realistic, raising the Spaceplane Plus mod [[OfficialFanSubmittedContent official content]]difficulty again...
16th Nov '17 1:37:13 AM Cryoclaste
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* The Arwings of the ''StarFox'' series have been shown to operate both within the atmosphere of a planet as well as the vacuum of space. In ''VideoGame/StarFoxAdventures'' Fox's Arwing had [=VTOL=] capabilities.

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* The Arwings of the ''StarFox'' ''VideoGame/StarFox'' series have been shown to operate both within the atmosphere of a planet as well as the vacuum of space. In ''VideoGame/StarFoxAdventures'' Fox's Arwing had [=VTOL=] capabilities.
29th Sep '17 9:24:09 PM Nazo
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Saves you the cost of a space launcher that you only use once. The obvious technical issue is that you need a store of liquid oxygen on board for the actual space bit of the journey--as you need something to burn the hydrogen with once the air gets too thin. Another issue is the ability to get to Mach 25, but that's not too hard. Both of these obviated by the Sci Fi favourite propulsions of fusion torches, antimatter annihilators, reactionless drives and what have you.

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Saves you the cost of a space launcher that you only use once. The obvious technical issue is that you need a store of liquid oxygen on board for the actual space bit of the journey--as you need something to burn the hydrogen with once the air gets too thin. Another issue is the ability to get to Mach 25, but that's not too hard. Both of these are obviated by the Sci Fi favourite propulsions of fusion torches, antimatter annihilators, reactionless drives and what have you.
18th Sep '17 12:43:48 PM ElSquibbonator
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* The Space Shuttle, which requires two boosters, a launch pad and a huge fuel tank to get into orbit. It is also incapable of any real powered flight, having to glide back to Earth. It pretty much defines the term 'FlyingBrick'.

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* The Space Shuttle, which requires required two boosters, a launch pad and a huge fuel tank to get into orbit. It is was also incapable of any real powered flight, having to glide back to Earth. It pretty much defines defined the term 'FlyingBrick'.



* The X-37, which is launched by an Atlas V 501. It doesn't carry nearly enough fuel - fully loaded, it masses just under 5 metric tons. Compare with the Space Shuttle, which masses ''2,000''.

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* The X-37, which is launched by an Atlas V 501.rocket. It doesn't carry nearly enough fuel - fully loaded, it masses just under 5 metric tons. Compare with the Space Shuttle, which masses ''2,000''.



* Mig-105 (Spiral Project): Only test vehicle exist. In any case, it is a two-stage-to-orbit, require a hypersonic air launcher the size of a XB-70 which was never built.

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* Mig-105 (Spiral Project): Only test vehicle exist. In any case, A Soviet project that was only built in prototype form and never flew in space. Even if it is had, it still wouldn't have qualified, since it was to be launched from the back of a two-stage-to-orbit, require a never-built hypersonic air launcher the size of a XB-70 which was never built.
jet.
10th Aug '17 7:22:10 PM TitoMosquito
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[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''Comicbook/TheManOfSteel'' #1, Superman made his first public debut by saving an "experimental space-plane".
[[/folder]]
18th May '17 1:14:20 AM Pantegral
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Please note that this list only include SSTO (Single Stage to Orbit) or sto ub-orbit to qualify.[[note]]Mid-air refuelling or drop tanks may or may not count.[[/note]] Nobody's built one, as of 2017. The most promising design so far is the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reaction_Engines_Skylon Reaction Engines Skylon,]] a British-designed European project, which recently cleared a key hurdle in engine development. Therefore, do no include the following:

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Please note that this list only include SSTO (Single Stage to Orbit) or sto ub-orbit to qualify.sub-orbit to qualify. [[note]]Mid-air refuelling or drop tanks may or may not count.[[/note]] Nobody's built one, as of 2017. The most promising design so far is the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reaction_Engines_Skylon Reaction Engines Skylon,]] a British-designed European project, which recently cleared a key hurdle in engine development. Therefore, do no not include the following:



* The X-37, which is launched by an Atlas V 501. It doesn't carry nearly enough fuel-- fully loaded, it masses just under 5 metric tons. Compare with the Space Shuttle, which masses ''2,000''.

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* The X-37, which is launched by an Atlas V 501. It doesn't carry nearly enough fuel-- fuel - fully loaded, it masses just under 5 metric tons. Compare with the Space Shuttle, which masses ''2,000''.



* Mig-105 (Spiral Project): Only test vehicle exist. In any case, it is a two-stage-to-orbit, require a hypersonic air launcher the size of a XB-70 which is never built.

Though in some settings the definition "Must be able to take off, fly into orbit, and land again" may not entirely apply as the ship in question may be used in both atmosphere and space but it is unclear if they can fly from the ground to orbit. In settings with multiple habitable worlds this definition wouldn't work at all, as that distance changes. Space Planes may be launched by TheBattlestar, descend into the upper atmosphere and come back up (or not), but may not be able to land on a terrestrial runway ''at all''; many space fighters do lack wheels as a part of their landing gear. However, as previously stated, they may be able to use their thrusters in VTOL(Vertical Take Off and Landing) style.

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* Mig-105 (Spiral Project): Only test vehicle exist. In any case, it is a two-stage-to-orbit, require a hypersonic air launcher the size of a XB-70 which is was never built.

Though in In some settings settings, the definition "Must "must be able to take off, fly into orbit, and land again" may not entirely apply as apply; the ship in question may be used in both atmosphere and space space, but it is might be unclear if whether they can fly from the ground to orbit. In This definition wouldn't work at all in settings with multiple habitable worlds this definition wouldn't work at all, worlds, as that distance changes. Space Planes may be launched by TheBattlestar, descend into the upper atmosphere and come back up (or not), but may not be able to land on a terrestrial runway ''at all''; many space fighters do lack wheels as a part of their landing gear. However, as previously stated, they may be able to use their thrusters in VTOL(Vertical VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) style.
30th Apr '17 3:30:39 PM Jake
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* Possibly the most extreme example of all: In ''VideoGame/JudgmentRites'', Trelane's spaceship is a Fokker DR-1 triplane like the Red Baron's. It fights the [[CoolStarship Enterprise]] during one mission, and may very easily defeat it.

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* Possibly the most extreme example of all: In ''VideoGame/JudgmentRites'', Trelane's [[SufficientlyAdvancedAlien Trelane's]] spaceship is a Fokker DR-1 triplane like the Red Baron's. It fights the [[CoolStarship Enterprise]] during one mission, and may very easily defeat it.
22nd Apr '17 2:46:46 AM jazzyamx
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Though in some settings the definition "Must be able to take off, fly into orbit, and land again" may not entirely apply as the ship in question may be used in both atmosphere and space but it is unclear if they can fly from the ground to orbit. In settings with multiple habitable worlds this definition wouldn't work at all, as that distance changes. Space Planes may be launched by TheBattlestar, descend into the upper atmosphere and come back up (or not), but may not be able to land on a terrestrial runway ''at all''; many space fighters do lack wheels as a part of their landing gear. However, they may be able to use their thrusters in VTOL(Vertical Take Off and Landing) style.

to:

Though in some settings the definition "Must be able to take off, fly into orbit, and land again" may not entirely apply as the ship in question may be used in both atmosphere and space but it is unclear if they can fly from the ground to orbit. In settings with multiple habitable worlds this definition wouldn't work at all, as that distance changes. Space Planes may be launched by TheBattlestar, descend into the upper atmosphere and come back up (or not), but may not be able to land on a terrestrial runway ''at all''; many space fighters do lack wheels as a part of their landing gear. However, as previously stated, they may be able to use their thrusters in VTOL(Vertical Take Off and Landing) style.
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