History Main / ScienceMarchesOn

8th Feb '17 7:26:16 AM DaibhidC
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* Just about every ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'' strip involving lions has some reference to the idea that only lionesses hunt (Edgar and Frank are presented as highly unusual exceptions, and Edgar at least is ostracised by lion society as a result). In 2013, it was discovered that [[http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/male-lions-do-help-hunting-after-all-f6C10149668 male lions do hunt, but differently]].

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* Just about every ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'' strip involving lions has some reference to the idea that only lionesses hunt (Edgar and Frank are presented as highly unusual exceptions, and Edgar at least is ostracised by lion society as a result).result - plus he's incompetent). In 2013, it was discovered that [[http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/male-lions-do-help-hunting-after-all-f6C10149668 male lions do hunt, but differently]].
8th Feb '17 7:25:52 AM DaibhidC
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* Just about every ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'' strip involving lions has some reference to the idea that only lionesses hunt (Edgar and Frank are presented as highly unusual exceptions, and Edgar at least is ostracised by lion society as a result). In 2013, it was discovered that [[http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/male-lions-do-help-hunting-after-all-f6C10149668 male lions do hunt, but differently]].
26th Jan '17 11:11:50 PM PaulA
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* On a similar note, the heroes of Asimov's ''[[Literature/{{Foundation}} Foundation and Earth]]'' track down EarthThatWas using fragmentary references, including a clue that one of its neighboring planets had three broad rings. While three of Saturn's rings are larger than the others, there are at least seven.

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* On a similar note, the The heroes of Asimov's ''[[Literature/{{Foundation}} Foundation and Earth]]'' Creator/IsaacAsimov's ''Literature/FoundationAndEarth'' track down EarthThatWas using fragmentary references, including a clue that one of its neighboring planets had three broad rings. While three of Saturn's rings are larger than the others, there are at least seven.
24th Jan '17 6:00:55 PM Sabrewing
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* ''VideoGame/EndlessOcean'' and its sequel contain specimens of goblin sharks in deep-sea regions. Realistic enough. However, their jaws are depicted as permanently protruding, an out-of-date assumption as we have learned more about goblin shark physiology.
18th Jan '17 9:10:32 PM valos
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Added DiffLines:

** Along with bloodletting, trepanning is among one of the oldest procedures developed, to the point where prehistoric human remains have been found showing evidence of undergoing (and recovering from) this procedure. Whereas the conditions that bloodletting WOULD be effective at treating likely weren't understood, head wounds are a much easier concept for ancient people to [[IncrediblyLamePun wrap their heads around]], and thus may have been used for medical purposes, in addition to speculated ritualistic reasons possibly explaining prehistoric examples of skulls with holes in them (and evidence of bone healing indicating survival).
15th Jan '17 8:20:42 PM MsChibi
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* The concept of [[HystericalWoman "hysteria,"]] which was that the uterus would (somehow) escape from its normal place in the lower abdomen and pummel other organs, like a pinball game, causing all sorts of physical and mental problems. This alleged problem stemmed from (depending on whom you asked) the patient either not having enough sex (or not having enough ''good'' sex), or having too much of it, or not conforming to traditional ideas of femininity...and thus legitimate (sometimes life-threatening) diseases were dismissed as "hysteria," or "it's all in her head." Thankfully, "hysteria" is no longer a valid medical or psychiatric diagnosis.
11th Jan '17 7:28:43 PM nombretomado
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* In the ''LordPeterWimsey'' story "The Image in the Mirror," a left/right inverted man is experiencing mysterious circumstances. Finding that the man is inverted, Wimsey infers that he must have a opposite (an Evil Opposite) twin who is causing all the mystery and cites experiments with salamander eggs tied off with threads. The experiments were real and important in understanding how the left/right gradient is formed. However, while left/right inverted twins do exist they are vanishingly rare. Most twins are not left/right inverts and most left/right inverts are not twins.

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* In the ''LordPeterWimsey'' ''Literature/LordPeterWimsey'' story "The Image in the Mirror," a left/right inverted man is experiencing mysterious circumstances. Finding that the man is inverted, Wimsey infers that he must have a opposite (an Evil Opposite) twin who is causing all the mystery and cites experiments with salamander eggs tied off with threads. The experiments were real and important in understanding how the left/right gradient is formed. However, while left/right inverted twins do exist they are vanishingly rare. Most twins are not left/right inverts and most left/right inverts are not twins.
8th Jan '17 5:30:42 AM tkzv
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** The idea still pops up every now and then (one of the entries above mentions a 2008 novel, the early 90s Literature/EmpireFromTheAshes series establishes that there used to be another planet rather than an asteroid belt there, and so on). If nothing else, some of the examples can be handwaved as the event that caused the shift from planet to asteroids being far more destructive to the planet then merely blowing it apart in macro-scale chunks.

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** The idea still pops up every now and then (one of the entries above mentions a 2008 novel, the early 90s Literature/EmpireFromTheAshes series establishes that there the asteroid belt used to be another planet rather than an asteroid belt there, planet, albeit small and airless, and so on). If nothing else, some of the examples can be handwaved as the event that caused the shift from planet to asteroids being far more destructive to the planet then merely blowing it apart in macro-scale chunks.
30th Dec '16 8:39:31 PM Worffan101
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* It wasn't established that Dromeosaurs weren't scaly when ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' came out in 1993; but it was already considered quite dubious among paleontologists. Likewise, swamp-dwelling sauropods and “kangaroo stance” tyrannosaurs persisted in fiction long after they were proven incorrect, and they ''still'' show up sometimes. Incidentally, ''Jurassic Park'' references the old swamp theory when Ellie sees a sauropod for the first time, and remarks in astonishment that, "This thing doesn't live in a swamp!" Obviously, this is for the benefit of audience members who may not be up on current theories. An actual paleontologist would not be surprised by this in the early 1990s, as it would require her to be twenty years behind in her own field. Possibly she was just poo-pooing ideas she'd already known were archaic, not discarding her own disproven belief about sauropods.

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* It wasn't established that Dromeosaurs dromaeosaurids weren't scaly when ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' came out in 1993; but it was already considered quite dubious among paleontologists. Likewise, swamp-dwelling sauropods and “kangaroo stance” tyrannosaurs persisted in fiction long after they were proven incorrect, and they ''still'' show up sometimes. Incidentally, ''Jurassic Park'' references the old swamp theory when Ellie sees a sauropod for the first time, and remarks in astonishment that, "This thing doesn't live in a swamp!" Obviously, this is for the benefit of audience members who may not be up on current theories. An actual paleontologist would not be surprised by this in the early 1990s, as it would require her to be twenty years behind in her own field. Possibly she was just poo-pooing ideas she'd already known were archaic, not discarding her own disproven belief about sauropods.
** Also, the ''Dilophosaurus'' is about half the size of the actual animal, and is portrayed with a neck frill and venom glands for which there is no evidence at all in the fossil record.
** Real ''Velociraptor''s were about the size of a turkey--they may have reached nearly six feet, but about half of that was the rigid, feathered tail, presumed to have been used for balance or perhaps signalling. Furthermore, most dromaeosaurids were actually extremely ''slow'' for theropods; the larger species are almost universally heavily-built ambush predators with powerful, bone-cracking jaws. Recent studies also suggest that the sickle claws on the toes actually evolved as climbing tools in early, arboreal dromaeosauroids, and later became used as pitons to hold on to struggling prey so that the predator could deliver a killing blow to the neck.
** The third movie had several inaccuracies with the ''Spinosaurus''. First, spinosaurs were primarily fish-eaters rather than apex predators, and would have had relatively weak bites; in the fight with the ''T. rex'', the spinosaur should have been killed instantly when the tyrannosaur's powerful, bone-cracking jaws got a hold on its fragile neck. Second, ''Spinosaurus'' would not have been a particularly fast species, and would have risked severe damage to its relatively fragile skull in the boat attack scene and the scene where it crashes through the heavy fence outside the abandoned InGen lab. Third, recent studies have shown that ''Spinosaurus' would have had considerably shorter legs than it was portrayed as having, and likely would have been almost entirely restricted to aquatic habitats such as proto-mangrove swamps.
** The fourth movie, besides portraying a [[ArtisticLicensePhysics physics-violatingly-large]] mosasaur, also incorrectly portrays non-adzarchid pterosaurs as aggressive hunters of human-sized land animals capable of lifting humans off of the ground, despite the species shown (primarily ''Pteranodon'' and something resembling an oversized ''Dimorphodon'') being either fish-eaters or likely insectivores. The movie furthermore incorrectly portrays pterodactyloid legs as being free of the wing membrane, when current scientific consensus is that the legs were connected to each other and to the wing by the membrane.
** The fourth movie's raptors are also even ''more'' inaccurate than their predecessors, here shown to be capable of maintaining speeds comparable to a fast-moving motorcycle, and with both incorrectly pronated hands (see below) and an incorrect head structure (the shape of the raptors' heads does not match any dromaeosaur of similar size, and the snout is considerably broader than those of most known species), in addition to the continued lack of feathers. Partially {{justified}} with a scene stating that the movie's dinosaurs are intended to be crowd-pleasing genetic mashups rather than anatomically accurate animals.



** Ironically, bonobos, currently the species widely considered to contain the most intelligent nonhuman individual (a bonobo called Kanzi), actually ''are'' considerably more peaceful in their intraspecific interactions than Humans and most other apes. They just solve their disputes through [[ExtremeOmnisexual creative and extremely regular sex]], instead.



* ''Series/DoctorWho'' has two prominent mentions of ''Brontosaurus'' in the 1970s—a small one in the Fourth Doctor's "The brontosaurus is large and placid... and stupid!" speech (which at least has the excuse that [[TalkativeLoon he had no grasp of reality at the time]]), and a big one in "Invasion of the Dinosaurs" where a ''Brontosaurus'' is one of the main dinos encountered. While originally inaccurate, a study published in 2015 has concluded that [[AccidentallyAccurate Doctor Who was actually right all along!]]

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* ''Series/DoctorWho'' has two prominent mentions of ''Brontosaurus'' in the 1970s—a small one in the Fourth Doctor's "The brontosaurus is large and placid... and stupid!" speech (which at least has the excuse that [[TalkativeLoon he had no grasp of reality at the time]]), and a big one in "Invasion of the Dinosaurs" where a ''Brontosaurus'' is one of the main dinos encountered. While originally inaccurate, a study published in 2015 has concluded that ''Brontosaurus'' is in fact a valid genus and [[AccidentallyAccurate Doctor Who was actually right all along!]]



* ''WesternAnimation/TheMagicSchoolBus'' episode "The Busasaurus" did its best, specifically going back in time to the Cretaceous Period to disprove Carlos's assertion that all dinosaurs were carnivores. All the dinosaurs are period-appropriate, but unfortunately they still had featherless theropods, and ''Troodon'' is now believed to have been either omnivorous or even an herbivore, rather than a carnivore as depicted.

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* ''WesternAnimation/TheMagicSchoolBus'' episode "The Busasaurus" did its best, specifically going back in time to the Cretaceous Period to disprove Carlos's assertion that all dinosaurs were carnivores. All the dinosaurs are period-appropriate, but unfortunately they still had featherless theropods, and ''Troodon'' is now believed has been suggested to have been either omnivorous or even an herbivore, rather than a carnivore as depicted.
depicted[[note:This view is controversial and does not appear to be supported by analysis of troodontid tooth wear patterns]].



** In another twist, it's believed ''"Brontosaurus"'' may still have hope for revival after all, especially after being a valid genus again since 2015; if ''Supersaurus'' is indeed found to be simply a ''Apatosaurus'' species, ''A.excelsus'' would end up as a different animal to ''A.ajax'', ''A.louisae'' and ''Supersaurus''.

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** In another twist, it's believed ''"Brontosaurus"'' may still have hope for revival after all, especially after being a valid genus again since 2015; if ''Supersaurus'' is indeed found to be simply a ''Apatosaurus'' species, ''A.excelsus'' would end up as a different animal to ''A.ajax'', ''A.louisae'' and ''Supersaurus''. Currently scientific opinion is somewhat divided on the matter, but Tschopp et al. (2015) found that several mostly temporally earlier species, including one that had previously been split from ''Apatosaurus'', had significant differences in vertebral structure from the ''Apatasaurus ajax'' holotype.
30th Dec '16 6:50:45 PM StarSword
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* ''WesternAnimation/TheMagicSchoolBus'' episode "The Busasaurus" did its best, specifically going back in time to the Cretaceous Period to disprove Carlos's assertion that all dinosaurs were carnivores. All the dinosaurs are period-appropriate, but unfortunately they still had featherless theropods, and ''Troodon'' is now believed to have been either omnivorous or even an herbivore, rather than a carnivore as depicted.
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