History Main / ScienceMarchesOn

3rd Apr '18 8:06:33 PM Perentie
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* One of the most commonly repeated factoids about reptiles is that they grow throughout their lives. However, actual evidence for this is rather lacking and open to interpretation. There is substantial evidence that how big a reptile gets depends a lot more on their individual genetics and food supply than it does on how long they manage to live, and even if/when it is true that they keep growing, growth becomes so slow past a certain point in the reptile's life that its almost inconsequential.
3rd Apr '18 7:49:47 PM Perentie
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* ''Webcomic/OneOverZero'': in an early plotline, [[http://www.undefined.net/1/0/?strip=285 Terra the earthworm is forced to the surface during a rainstorm to avoid drowning.]] However, it is now known that earthworms do not drown in moist soil—in fact, [[http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=why-earthworms-surface-after-rain they can survive for several days fully submerged in water.]]
* Just about every ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'' strip involving lions has some reference to the idea that only lionesses hunt (Edgar and Frank are presented as highly unusual exceptions, and Edgar at least is ostracised by lion society as a result - plus he's incompetent). In 2013, it was discovered that [[http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/male-lions-do-help-hunting-after-all-f6C10149668 male lions do hunt, but differently]].

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* ''Webcomic/OneOverZero'': in an early plotline, [[http://www.undefined.net/1/0/?strip=285 Terra the earthworm is forced to the surface during a rainstorm to avoid drowning.]] However, it is now known that earthworms do not drown in moist soil—in fact, [[http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=why-earthworms-surface-after-rain they can survive for several days fully submerged in water.]]
]] Instead it seems earthworms come to the surface during rain simply because it takes less effort to move above ground compared to digging, and it is only when it is raining that they can be assured they won't risk drying out in the sun.
* Just about every ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'' strip involving lions has some reference to the idea that only lionesses hunt (Edgar and Frank are presented as highly unusual exceptions, and Edgar at least is ostracised by lion society as a result - plus he's incompetent). In 2013, it was discovered that [[http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/male-lions-do-help-hunting-after-all-f6C10149668 male lions do hunt, but differently]].
differently]]. And of course long before this study it had been known that male lions do at times assist on group hunts, especially when their extra bulk is helpful in finishing off large prey that the lionesses have restrained.



* For the longest time, people believed snakes to be deaf since they had no external ears. It's now been shown that snakes ''can'' hear to an extent (to what extent is unknown) by picking up vibrations from the air or ground through their bodies and processing them through the inner-ear. In fact, loud noises can actually cause stress to snakes.

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* For the longest time, people believed snakes to be deaf since they had no external ears.ears and seldom appear to react to airborne sounds. It's now been shown that snakes ''can'' hear to an extent (to what extent is unknown) by picking up vibrations from the air or ground through their bodies and processing them through the inner-ear. In fact, loud noises can actually cause stress to snakes.
24th Mar '18 11:50:59 PM nombretomado
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** An in-universe case of this happens in ''{{Singularity}}''; when the Russians discover a unique element with properties that put most {{Phlebotinum}} to shame, they classify it as Element 99, or "E99," and you can even see some periodic tables in the labs printed shortly thereafter with E99 in the correct place, and highlighted. Despite this, the research is ''very'' secretive, and the discovery is made before Einsteinium, the element that actually goes into that spot. Shortly before the discovery of Einsteinium is made public, the research into E99 is shut down and completely buried, so the rest of the scientific world has Einsteinium as 99 in their periodic tables.

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** An in-universe case of this happens in ''{{Singularity}}''; ''VideoGame/{{Singularity}}''; when the Russians discover a unique element with properties that put most {{Phlebotinum}} to shame, they classify it as Element 99, or "E99," and you can even see some periodic tables in the labs printed shortly thereafter with E99 in the correct place, and highlighted. Despite this, the research is ''very'' secretive, and the discovery is made before Einsteinium, the element that actually goes into that spot. Shortly before the discovery of Einsteinium is made public, the research into E99 is shut down and completely buried, so the rest of the scientific world has Einsteinium as 99 in their periodic tables.
24th Mar '18 8:35:11 PM nombretomado
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* TheyMightBeGiants' edutainment CD ''Here Comes Science'' includes ''Why Does The Sun Shine? (The Sun Is A Mass Of Incandescent Gas)'', Their [[CoverVersion popular cover]] of a [[SpiritualSuccessor similar product]] from [[TheFifties the 1950s]], because [[EarWorm it is a damned catchy tune]] and likely to capture kids' attention. In the interest of this trope, however, it is now followed by an updated version, ''Why Does The Sun REALLY Shine? (The Sun Is A Miasma Of Incandescent Plasma)''. As for the rest of the songs, only time will tell...

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* TheyMightBeGiants' Music/TheyMightBeGiants' edutainment CD ''Here Comes Science'' includes ''Why Does The Sun Shine? (The Sun Is A Mass Of Incandescent Gas)'', Their [[CoverVersion popular cover]] of a [[SpiritualSuccessor similar product]] from [[TheFifties the 1950s]], because [[EarWorm it is a damned catchy tune]] and likely to capture kids' attention. In the interest of this trope, however, it is now followed by an updated version, ''Why Does The Sun REALLY Shine? (The Sun Is A Miasma Of Incandescent Plasma)''. As for the rest of the songs, only time will tell...
22nd Mar '18 8:55:49 PM ZombieAladdin
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* ''VideoGame/PokemonXAndY'' introduced Amaura and Aurorus, Pokémon themed on the ''Amargasaurus''. Though it is quite accurate in other regards (such as its toe structure and head shape), both Pokémon have a characteristic pair of membraneous sails on their necks, which is now less popular among paleontologists than the idea that the spines were bare and used for intimidation and combat.
21st Mar '18 5:10:45 PM Random888
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* This was referenced in-story in the second looking ''Literature/LittleHouseOnThePrairie'', which was set in the 1870s but published in the 1930s. One chapter has the entire family falling ill with something dubbed "fever 'n' ague". It's suggested by one character that the illness was contracted by eating tainted watermelons, while Laura's father believes it's contracted from breathing night-time air. The chapter ends with a statement that they had malaria but no one at the time, not even the FrontierDoctor, knew it came from mosquito bites.

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* This was referenced in-story in the second looking ''Literature/LittleHouseOnThePrairie'', which was set in the 1870s but published in the 1930s. One chapter has the entire family falling ill with something dubbed "fever 'n' ague". It's suggested by one character that the illness was contracted by eating tainted watermelons, while Laura's father believes it's contracted from breathing night-time air.air (the latter reflects the beliefs of miasma theory, see the RealLife section for more information). The chapter ends with a statement that they had malaria but no one at the time, not even the FrontierDoctor, knew it came from mosquito bites.
21st Mar '18 4:26:44 AM ImpudentInfidel
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* Any discussion of "pack dynamics" in wolves (''Literature/JulieOfTheWolves'' comes to mind.) Modern research has shown that wolf packs are more or less nuclear families, with the "alpha" male and female simply being the parents of the rest of the pack. They still let strangers in, but it's mostly based on one family.

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* Any discussion of "pack dynamics" in wolves (''Literature/JulieOfTheWolves'' comes to mind.) Modern research has shown that wolf packs are more or less nuclear families, with the "alpha" male and female simply being the parents of the rest of the pack. They still let strangers in, but it's mostly based on one family. The original study that created the idea was done with captive wolves that hadn't previously met; even the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._David_Mech researcher who popularized the idea]] has long since [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpha_(ethology)#Controversy rejected it]] in the face of better research.
16th Mar '18 5:00:14 PM nombretomado
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7th Feb '18 4:04:43 PM foxley
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* The Literature/ElleryQueen novel ''The Last Woman in His Life'' contains some now extremely outdated psychological ideas regarding homosexuality. Unfortunately, some of these ideas are integral to the solution of the mystery.
2nd Feb '18 6:28:29 PM nombretomado
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* Although Robert J. Sawyer definitely [[ShownTheirWork shows his work]] in his ''[[TheNeanderthalParallax Neanderthal Parallax]]'' trilogy, a key plot point hinges upon humans and Neanderthals not being able to interbreed. Subsequent research indicates that [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_neanderthalensis#Interbreeding_hypotheses interbreeding was actually fairly common]].

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* Although Robert J. Sawyer definitely [[ShownTheirWork shows his work]] in his ''[[TheNeanderthalParallax ''[[Literature/TheNeanderthalParallax Neanderthal Parallax]]'' trilogy, a key plot point hinges upon humans and Neanderthals not being able to interbreed. Subsequent research indicates that [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_neanderthalensis#Interbreeding_hypotheses interbreeding was actually fairly common]].
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