History Main / PublicDomainCharacter

22nd Sep '16 8:40:35 PM nombretomado
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* Just as with films (see above), there are many American-produced TV series that have fallen into public domain. Or, as the case may be, only selected episodes have. Examples include the '50s ''Franchise/{{Dragnet}}'' series, ''{{Series/Bonanza}}'', many early episodes of ''TheBeverlyHillbillies'', ''Series/PetticoatJunction'' (most of its first season, in fact), and about a dozen episodes of the ''Dick Van Dyke Show''. In some cases DVD and VHS releases of these episodes have to be re-edited to remove elements that are still in copyright, such as theme music.

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* Just as with films (see above), there are many American-produced TV series that have fallen into public domain. Or, as the case may be, only selected episodes have. Examples include the '50s ''Franchise/{{Dragnet}}'' series, ''{{Series/Bonanza}}'', many early episodes of ''TheBeverlyHillbillies'', ''Series/TheBeverlyHillbillies'', ''Series/PetticoatJunction'' (most of its first season, in fact), and about a dozen episodes of the ''Dick Van Dyke Show''. In some cases DVD and VHS releases of these episodes have to be re-edited to remove elements that are still in copyright, such as theme music.
7th Sep '16 6:13:24 AM GrigorII
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It should be mentioned as well the issue with derivative works, new works based on previous ones, such as adaptions. Although the ''original'' character or work may be in the public domain, a modern derivative work may not be. You can make your own derivative work of that public domain character, as long as it is clearly different from the version of the recent hollywood blockbuster. Myth/NorseMythology, in and of itself, is in public domain, but if you try to make a blond Thor with a red cape and a hammer that OnlyTheChosenMayWield,[[note]]In the myths, it's simply a hammer so heavy that only Thor, the strongest god of all, is capable to lift. Stan Lee changed that part because it would be meaningless in a world filled by superheroes and supervillains with super strenght[[/note]] you may be in trouble.
30th Aug '16 10:59:03 PM C2
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** "ItsAWonderfulLife" is, technically, in the public domain -- but you won't find it on any network other than NBC in the holiday season thanks to the twists in copyright law discovered by Republic Pictures. They currently own copyrights to the score of the movie and have secured the exclusive film rights to its literary basis, "The Greatest Gift" (which has not fallen into the public domain). As a result, Creator/{{Paramount}}, its successor company, is permitted to control the film as though they were the copyright holders.

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** "ItsAWonderfulLife" is, technically, in the public domain -- but you won't find it on any network other than NBC (or its co-owned cable channels) in the holiday season thanks to the twists in copyright law discovered by Republic Pictures. They currently own copyrights to the score of the movie and have secured the exclusive film rights to its literary basis, "The Greatest Gift" (which has not fallen into the public domain). As a result, Creator/{{Paramount}}, its successor company, is permitted to control the film as though they were the copyright holders.
30th Aug '16 10:58:28 PM C2
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** "ItsAWonderfulLife" is, technically, in the public domain -- but you won't find it on any network other than NBC in the holiday season thanks to the twists in copyright law discovered by Republic Pictures. They currently own copyrights to the score of the movie and have secured the exclusive film rights to its literary basis, "The Greatest Gift" (which has not fallen into the public domain). As a result, they are permitted to control the film as though they were the copyright holders.

to:

** "ItsAWonderfulLife" is, technically, in the public domain -- but you won't find it on any network other than NBC in the holiday season thanks to the twists in copyright law discovered by Republic Pictures. They currently own copyrights to the score of the movie and have secured the exclusive film rights to its literary basis, "The Greatest Gift" (which has not fallen into the public domain). As a result, they are Creator/{{Paramount}}, its successor company, is permitted to control the film as though they were the copyright holders.
23rd Aug '16 6:56:48 PM Cronosonic
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** There were also issues in the US as well over the copyright status of Sherlock Holmes as a whole, due to the aforementioned few stories still in copyright - the Conan Doyle estate has long argued that as long as these stories are in copyright, so is the entire literary canon of Holmes. This reasoning was struck down by the courts, so Holmes himself is very much in the public domain in the US (and in other countries where the estate's argument doesn't hold legal water) for certain, aside from aspects covered by the few stories still in copyright, which can be easily worked around if not ignored entirely.
11th Jul '16 12:42:55 PM ecuvulle6267
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[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* ''Manga/SgtFrog'': Grays type aliens, Flatwood monsters and eventually Chupacabras all appear through the series.
[[/folder]]
22nd Jun '16 4:46:57 AM Adept
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* Visit any Wal-Mart in the US or Canada and you'll find many [=DVDs=] on budget labels featuring famous movies and movie stars. This is due to a huge number of films falling out of copyright and going into public domain, either due to failure by the studio to put a copyright notice on the film in the first place, or a studio or other entity failing to renew copyright. Among the literally hundreds of examples of films that are public domain and thus fair game for anyone to release on home video are the classic MGM musicals ''Royal Wedding'' and ''Till the Clouds Roll By'', the Cary Grant/Audrey Hepburn film ''Charade'', the Jayne Mansfield film ''The Fat Spy'', Jane Russell's ''The Outlaw'', the [[SupermanTheatricalCartoons Fleischer Superman cartoon shorts]] of the 1930s, and several Tarzan films. To name, literally, only a very few. Simply put, if you see the same film released by a half dozen different companies on Amazon or in a store, and it's not an "imported" bootleg, then odds are it's fallen into public domain.

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* Visit any Wal-Mart in the US or Canada and you'll find many [=DVDs=] on budget labels featuring famous movies and movie stars. This is due to a huge number of films falling out of copyright and going into public domain, either due to failure by the studio to put a copyright notice on the film in the first place, or a studio or other entity failing to renew copyright. Among the literally hundreds of examples of films that are public domain and thus fair game for anyone to release on home video are the classic MGM musicals ''Royal Wedding'' and ''Till the Clouds Roll By'', the Cary Grant/Audrey Hepburn film ''Charade'', the Jayne Mansfield film ''The Fat Spy'', Jane Russell's ''The Outlaw'', the [[SupermanTheatricalCartoons [[WesternAnimation/SupermanTheatricalCartoons Fleischer Superman cartoon shorts]] of the 1930s, and several Tarzan films. To name, literally, only a very few. Simply put, if you see the same film released by a half dozen different companies on Amazon or in a store, and it's not an "imported" bootleg, then odds are it's fallen into public domain.
31st May '16 7:27:45 PM TitoMosquito
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* The site [[http://pdsh.wikia.com pdsh.wikia.com]] is a [[TheWikiRule wiki]] all about public domain superhero characters. There are a few open source characters, a la Jenny Everywhere, as well. The rest are all Golden Age heroes or Silver Age characters that had their publishers ''badly'' screw up the copyright registration.

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* The site [[http://pdsh.wikia.com pdsh.wikia.com]] com/wiki/Public_Domain_Super_Heroes Public Domain Super Heroes]] is a [[TheWikiRule wiki]] all about public domain superhero characters. There are a few open source characters, a la Jenny Everywhere, as well. The rest are all Golden Age heroes or Silver Age characters that had their publishers ''badly'' screw up the copyright registration.
18th May '16 3:42:48 AM Morgenthaler
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* TheIlluminati and TheKnightsTemplar.

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* TheIlluminati and TheKnightsTemplar.UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar.
16th May '16 3:00:05 PM Doug86
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Keep in mind that producers may arrange for a license to use the name or likeness of a character even if it's likely to be in the public domain, or even if the use would not normally be considered infringement if it were not. A recent example is the agreement between Conan O'Brien's producers and the owner of the ConanTheBarbarian literary estate allowing Conan to use his first name as the title of his talk show. TBS apparently thought it prudent to get the agreement even though it's unlikely the literary estate would be so foolhardy as to sue; the defense of even a frivolous lawsuit would run to many times the cost of such an agreement.

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Keep in mind that producers may arrange for a license to use the name or likeness of a character even if it's likely to be in the public domain, or even if the use would not normally be considered infringement if it were not. A recent example is the agreement between Conan O'Brien's producers and the owner of the ConanTheBarbarian Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian literary estate allowing Conan to use his first name as the title of his talk show. TBS apparently thought it prudent to get the agreement even though it's unlikely the literary estate would be so foolhardy as to sue; the defense of even a frivolous lawsuit would run to many times the cost of such an agreement.



* Literature/ConanTheBarbarian is public domain in the United Kingdom, and everywhere in the EU, since January 2007 (70 years after the death of Creator/RobertEHoward). In Australia and Canada, all the Conan stories published by Howard in his lifetime had been in the public domain since 1987. In the USA, at least two-thirds of the Conan stories actually by Howard (as opposed to [[PosthumousCollaboration posthumous "collaborations"]] with Creator/LSpragueDeCamp and others) are also in the public domain, since the copyrights were not renewed. However, anyone planning on doing their own version of Conan must be careful not to upset the '''trademark''' holder, [[http://www.conan.com/ip.shtml Conan Properties International, which has defended the mark very energetically]].[[note]]As noted above, ads for Creator/ConanOBrien's new show ''Conan'' contain the notice "CONAN is used with the permission of Conan Properties International LLC.".[[/note]] It should also be noted that many other aspects of the Conan setting (e.g. ''Comicbook/RedSonja'') are not from the original Howard stories and are still under copyright.

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* Literature/ConanTheBarbarian Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian is public domain in the United Kingdom, and everywhere in the EU, since January 2007 (70 years after the death of Creator/RobertEHoward). In Australia and Canada, all the Conan stories published by Howard in his lifetime had been in the public domain since 1987. In the USA, at least two-thirds of the Conan stories actually by Howard (as opposed to [[PosthumousCollaboration posthumous "collaborations"]] with Creator/LSpragueDeCamp and others) are also in the public domain, since the copyrights were not renewed. However, anyone planning on doing their own version of Conan must be careful not to upset the '''trademark''' holder, [[http://www.conan.com/ip.shtml Conan Properties International, which has defended the mark very energetically]].[[note]]As noted above, ads for Creator/ConanOBrien's new show ''Conan'' contain the notice "CONAN is used with the permission of Conan Properties International LLC.".[[/note]] It should also be noted that many other aspects of the Conan setting (e.g. ''Comicbook/RedSonja'') are not from the original Howard stories and are still under copyright.
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