History Main / PopulationControl

15th Jul '17 9:53:56 AM nombretomado
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This trope is most common in literary science fiction from the '60s and '70s; it died out as a trope because ''while it had its heyday in fiction'', the post-WorldWarII Baby Boom came to an end as living standards and opportunities for women in North America and Western Europe expanded and people ''chose'' to have fewer children starting later in life. Since then, the pattern has held and spread to other parts of the world, largely making this a DeadHorseTrope.

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This trope is most common in literary science fiction from the '60s and '70s; it died out as a trope because ''while it had its heyday in fiction'', the post-WorldWarII post-UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Baby Boom came to an end as living standards and opportunities for women in North America and Western Europe expanded and people ''chose'' to have fewer children starting later in life. Since then, the pattern has held and spread to other parts of the world, largely making this a DeadHorseTrope.



* Australia's "Populate or Perish" policy after WorldWarII, as a response to the YellowPeril. While a rise in the birthrate was encouraged, the main emphasis was on immigration as it would increase the population quicker.

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* Australia's "Populate or Perish" policy after WorldWarII, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, as a response to the YellowPeril. While a rise in the birthrate was encouraged, the main emphasis was on immigration as it would increase the population quicker.
2nd Jul '17 2:47:03 PM megarockman
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* China's one-child policy (before the policy was instituted, China ''encouraged'' births), although there were ''many'' loopholes (you can have two kids if you live abroad, or, presumably as many as you want if you've emigrated ''permanently'', if both parents are only children, if you've divorced and remarried, or if you're an ethnic minority). Also, [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney money helps]]. Eventually, China experienced the same "prosperity + improving women's rights = smaller families" formula as happened in the West starting in the '60s and '70s - the one-child policy now largely stands on its own institutional inertia. Combined with an ''equally'' inertial culture of misogyny, this led to couples aborting female fetuses and [[ParentalAbandonment abandoning baby daughters]] (that often ended up [[HappilyAdopted being adopted by western families]]) so they can try again for a son. This naturally came back to [[HoistByHisOwnPetard bite the country in the ass]] ''hard'', as now [[MarsNeedsWomen China Desperately Needs Women]].
** As of 2016, this policy has been changed to a two-child policy, and Chinese couples are now allowed two children.

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* China's one-child policy introduced in 1979 (before the policy was instituted, China ''encouraged'' births), births through the 1960's), although there were ''many'' loopholes (you can could have two kids if you live abroad, abroad or, presumably presumably, as many as you want if you've you emigrated ''permanently'', ''permanently''; if both parents are were only children, children; if you've divorced and remarried, remarried; or if you're an ethnic minority). Also, [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney money helps]]. Eventually, China experienced the same "prosperity + improving women's rights = smaller families" formula as had happened in the West starting in the '60s and '70s - by the new millennium the one-child policy now largely stands stood on its own institutional inertia. Combined with an ''equally'' inertial culture of misogyny, this led to couples aborting female fetuses and [[ParentalAbandonment abandoning baby daughters]] (that (who often ended up [[HappilyAdopted being adopted by western families]]) so they can could try again for a son. This naturally came back to [[HoistByHisOwnPetard bite the country in the ass]] ''hard'', as now [[MarsNeedsWomen China Desperately Needs Women]].
** As of 2016, this policy has been changed
Women]]. China moved to a two-child policy, and Chinese couples are now allowed two children.policy in 2016, but 35 years of the one-child policy has left its mark on China's demographics - according to the CIA, China is tied for the most male under-15 population in the world at 1.17 boys for every girl.
22nd May '17 12:15:29 PM Linda58
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* On ''Series/{{The 100}}'' the Ark has a one-child policy in order to reduce its population and conserve resources. To this same end, [[AllCrimesAreEqual it applies the death penalty towards even the most minor crimes]], and if resources are becoming truly scarce, the Ark's government is authorized to start [[DeadlyEuphemism "culling"]] large swaths of the population.

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* On ''Series/{{The 100}}'' the Ark has a one-child policy in order to reduce its population and conserve resources. To this same end, [[AllCrimesAreEqual it applies the death penalty towards even the most minor crimes]], and if resources are becoming truly scarce, the Ark's government is authorized to start [[DeadlyEuphemism "culling"]] large swaths of the population. Octavia was actually an illegal birth, leading to her spending her life hiding in floor panels. She [[CantGetAwayWithNothing is caught the first time she leaves her room]] leading to her arrest and her mother's execution.
29th Apr '17 10:42:53 PM Xtifr
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* ''Carnival'' by Elizabeth Bear has an AI that determines the maximum stable population of Earth and selects people to be killed whenever it is exceeded.

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* ''Carnival'' by Elizabeth Bear Creator/ElizabethBear has an AI that determines the maximum stable population of Earth and selects people to be killed whenever it is exceeded.
1st Mar '17 9:32:14 AM zarpaulus
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** On the other hand, rejected outright in ''Literature/StarshipTroopers''. The Terran Federation believes that if humanity were to instate birth control and stop expanding they'd be wiped out by another, more aggressive species.
27th Feb '17 9:04:26 PM Adept
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* In ''ScrappedPrincess'', the entire world is allowed to have only so many human residents; when the population gets too big, the excesses are killed off by the Peacemakers.

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* In ''ScrappedPrincess'', ''LightNovel/ScrappedPrincess'', the entire world is allowed to have only so many human residents; when the population gets too big, the excesses are killed off by the Peacemakers.
15th Feb '17 9:29:11 AM KizunaTallis
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* China's one-child policy (before the policy was instituted China ''encouraged'' births), although there are ''many'' loopholes. [[labelnote:*]]You can have two kids if you live abroad (or, presumably as many as you want if you've emigrated ''permanently''), if both parents are only children, if you've divorced and remarried, or if you're an ethnic minority. Also, [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney money helps]].[[/labelnote]] China's experienced the same "prosperity + improving women's rights = smaller families" formula as happened in the West starting in the '60s and '70s - the one-child policy now largely stands on its own institutional inertia. Combined with an ''equally'' inertial culture of misogyny, this leads to couples killing baby daughters so they can try again for a son. This has finally started to bite China in the ass, as now [[MarsNeedsWomen China Needs Women]].

to:

* China's one-child policy (before the policy was instituted instituted, China ''encouraged'' births), although there are were ''many'' loopholes. [[labelnote:*]]You loopholes (you can have two kids if you live abroad (or, abroad, or, presumably as many as you want if you've emigrated ''permanently''), ''permanently'', if both parents are only children, if you've divorced and remarried, or if you're an ethnic minority.minority). Also, [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney money helps]].[[/labelnote]] China's Eventually, China experienced the same "prosperity + improving women's rights = smaller families" formula as happened in the West starting in the '60s and '70s - the one-child policy now largely stands on its own institutional inertia. Combined with an ''equally'' inertial culture of misogyny, this leads led to couples killing aborting female fetuses and [[ParentalAbandonment abandoning baby daughters daughters]] (that often ended up [[HappilyAdopted being adopted by western families]]) so they can try again for a son. This has finally started naturally came back to [[HoistByHisOwnPetard bite China the country in the ass, ass]] ''hard'', as now [[MarsNeedsWomen China Desperately Needs Women]].
3rd Feb '17 6:26:02 AM SparkPlugTheTroper
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Added DiffLines:

** As of 2016, this policy has been changed to a two-child policy, and Chinese couples are now allowed two children.
13th Jan '17 5:32:43 AM Omeganian
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* In ''Literature/TheCavesOfSteel'', Earth licenses couples to have a number of children based on the parents' genes and social contributions. This is presented quite neutrally (Asimov considered overpopulation to be a major threat). Spacer societies are considered less moral, since they combine population control with eugenic breeding programs and mandated late term abortion.

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* In ''Literature/TheCavesOfSteel'', Earth licenses couples to have a number of children based on the parents' genes and social contributions. This is presented quite neutrally (Asimov considered overpopulation to be a major threat). Spacer societies are considered less moral, since they combine population control with eugenic breeding programs and mandated late term abortion.abortion (late term as in "all the way up to adulthood").




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* The giant eagles from ''Literature/TalesOfTheMagicLand'' have a law that their tribe must have only a hundred birds, due to limited food resources. Since they often live up to two hundred, any new baby receives a lot of attention. The one bird that appears in the story attempted a coup after the tribe's chief attempted to put himself on top of the queue.
7th Dec '16 8:39:43 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''Film/LogansRun'': The population in the [[CrapsaccharineWorld seemingly utopian]] future world is maintained by executing everyone who reaches the age of thirty.


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* ''Series/StargateSG1'': There's an episode where SG-1 visits a planet where the whole population has been herded into a DomedCity with the rest of the world outside being a DeathWorld similar to Venus. The entire population is also linked to a central computer through neural implants so they can instantly receive new information. When people start disappearing one by one and [[RetGone instantly fade from the collective memory of every other citizen]] (including the wife of a happily married scientist who chillingly doesn't even know who SG-1 are talking about), it turns out that the computer has been selecting people to sacrifice themselves by leaving the dome because the energy supply of the dome has been decreasing for a while, causing the dome to shrink. At the end SG-1 figures out that the city used to support a population of 100,000; when they first arrive on the planet there are only '''''1,000''''' people left.
* ''Series/StargateAtlantis'': There's an episode where the team visits a world [[TeenageWasteland populated only by teenagers and children]] because every member of the tribe commits suicide at the age of 25. This is also because of an energy shield problem, one that was installed by [[{{Precursors}} the Ancients]] to protect the planet from the Wraith (the BigBad of the show who are basically life-sucking space vampires)--only it doesn't cover the whole planet, so the Ancients gave their ancestors instructions on how to manage their population so they wouldn't have to leave the protected area. Atlantis eventually fixes the problem by providing the tribe with a greater power supply.
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