History Main / OtherRoyalFamilies

21st Sep '13 4:01:20 PM Prfnoff
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This page details other monarchies from around the world. These ones are not as famous as TheHouseOfWindsor, mostly turning up (if they do) in their own countries.


! Current monarchs and royals:

!Africa

!!!Letsie III, King of Lesotho
'''Dynasty''': House of Moshesh
'''Born''': 1963
'''Reign''': 1990 -- 1995, 1996 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/lesothoflagsml_2420.png]]

His kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. Was originally made king in 1990, but abdicated in 1995 to return power to his deposed father. However, tragedy struck in 1996 when his father was killed in a car accident, and Letsie was once again crowned.

!!!Mohammed VI , King of UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Ali (Alaouite Dynasty)
'''Born''': 1963
'''Reign''': 1999 --
[[quoteright:103:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/moroccoflagsml_9797.jpg]]

Became king in 1999, and has spent his time trying to modernize his nation. Attempts to reform the law to give women more freedom have ignited the anger of [[{{UsefulNotes/Islam}} Islamic]] [[TheFundamentalist Fundamentalists]]. He also spent his early reign atoning for his (still well-liked) father's heavy-handed and at times brutal rule. TheArabSpring did hit Morocco, but not particularly hard; however, it induced him to initiate constitutional changes that seriously limit the monarch's powers, and has estimated that by the time his son (''Moulay'' Hassan[[note]]''Moulay'' is a title roughly meaning "Lord", but it's really more like "prince"[[/note]]) becomes King, the monarch will be a constitutional figurehead.

!!!Mswati III , King of Swaziland
'''Dynasty''': House of Diamini
'''Born''': 1968
'''Reign''': 1986 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofswazilandsml_6324.png]]

Though an absolute monarch with the power to appoint the government, he cannot appoint his own heir. Is something of an odd duck due to his indulging in [[UsefulNotes/ForTheLoveOfMany polygamy]] (with currently fourteen wives) and also attempted to curb the [=AIDS=] epidemic by enacting a [[GodzillaThreshold five year ban on all sex in the Kingdom]] amongst women under eighteen years of age ... which he then violated by marrying a 17 year old.

! Asia
!! Arab World
You'll see that these mostly have 'Al Something' in their name. That is the name of the house: ''Āl'' is Arabic for 'House' or '[[TheClan Clan]]', and is different from ''Al-'' (an affix, not an independent word, that means 'the').

!!!Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of {{UsefulNotes/Bahrain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Khalifa
'''Born''': 1950
'''Reign''': 1999 -- 2002 (as [[InsistentTerminology Emir]]), 2002 -- (as King)
[[quoteright:96:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbahrainsml_4084.png]]

Previously a Sheikdom, Hamad proclaimed Bahrain as a kingdom in 2002. Since he is a Sunni Muslim, he gives them more power and benefits, to the detriment of the majority Shia of the country; this in turn has contributed to the unrest of the country during the protests in the Arab World. Curiously, most don’t have a problem with him being in the power; the problem is with the rest of his government.

!!!Abdullah II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Jordan}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Hashim
'''Born''': 1962
'''Reign''': 1999 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofjordansml_3110.gif]]

Son of King Hussein and his English second wife. Retains significant power in his native country, but the monarchy is constitutional and he shares ''some'' power with Parliament. [[OneOfUs An avowed nerd]], he once guest-starred in ''Series/StarTrekVoyager''.

!!!Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of {{UsefulNotes/Kuwait}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Sabah
'''Born''': 1929
'''Reign''': 2006 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofkuwaitsml_5645.jpg]]

Proof of the fact that, smaller the country, bigger the power the monarch has. Sabah IV has full power to appoint and dismiss anyone on his government and is immune and inviolable regarding the law. He enjoys frequent trips to Oman, where he owns an [[IslandBase island]]. He also is an advocate for women’s rights, an [[ValuesResonance oddity]] in the Middle East.

!!!Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Sultan of Oman
'''Dynasty''': House of Said
'''Born''': 1940
'''Reign''': 1970 --
[[quoteright:106:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofomansml_7113.png]]

He assumed power when he headed a [[MilitaryCoup coup d’etat]] against his father, who had him under house arrest. A [[CulturedBadass classical music fan]].

!!!Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of {{UsefulNotes/Qatar}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Thani
'''Born''': 1980
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:83:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofqatarsml_8101.png]]

He too took the crown after his father [[AbdicateTheThrone abdicated]] in favour of him in 2013.

!!!Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, King of UsefulNotes/SaudiArabia
'''Dynasty''': House of Saud
'''Born''': 1924
'''Reign''': 2005 --
[[quoteright::http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofsaudisml_9552.jpg]]

Son of Abdulaziz, who created the modern Arabian state in 1902, King Abdullah is the fifth of his [[TooManyBabies 65 children]] to rule the largest Arab monarchy in the world today. Unlike most other examples on this list, most of which are constitutional monarchies where the monarch has limited effective power, Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, and Abdullah has tremendous rein over the government.
* In addition, the crown of Saudi Arabia is an ElectiveMonarchy that follows agnatic seniority as a general guideline. As a result, the heir-presumptive is the eldest surviving ''brother'' of the King, and is usually made heir apparent (Crown Prince) by a vote of the Allegiance Council -- a group of the thirty or so most senior princes of the House. At present, the heir is Salman bin Abdul Aziz, aged 76; he is the third Crown Prince during the reign of King Abdullah (previous Crown Princes Sultan and Nayef, died in 2011 and 2012).

!!!Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum of the UsefulNotes/UnitedArabEmirates
'''Born''': 1948, 1949
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofuaesml_2509.png]]

A very atypical monarchy. The UAE are a union of emirates, each ruled by a different emir, joined in a federation recognized worldwide as one state. The job of President of UAE goes to the Emir of Abu Dhabi (Khalifa) and the job of Prime Minister goes to the Emir of Dubai (Mohammed). Khalifa is known for his philanthropy while Mohammed is a fanatic of thoroughbred [[HorseRacing horse racing]].

!! Himalayas

!!!Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, King of {{UsefulNotes/Bhutan}}
'''Dynasty''': House of [[InherentlyFunnyWords Wangchuck]]
'''Born''': 1980
'''Reign''': 2006 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbhutansml_8500.gif]]

Known in his country as the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) of Bhutan, he assumed the throne in 2006 when his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated in his favour as part of a managed transition to democracy. He has dedicated mainly to promote Buddhism outside his country. He also seems to be EstrogenBrigadeBait, which became apparent when he assisted the crowning of Rama IX and ended up attracting hordes of female fans (he was nicknamed 'PrinceCharming' by the media).

!! Southeast Asia

!!!Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan of {{UsefulNotes/Brunei}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bolkiah
'''Born''': 1946
'''Reign''': 1967 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbruneisml_6872.jpg]]

Currently the 29th Sultan of Brunei who has been ruling for over [[LongRunner 45 years]]. Is [[HundredPercentAdorationRating well loved]] by his subjects for [[JustLikeRobinHood sharing the country's wealth from Oil and Gas to help the people's welfare]]. The Sultan is Sandhurst graduate and has a large car collection. Also his late father and Queen Elizabeth II were good friends.

!!!Norodom Sihamoni, King of {{UsefulNotes/Cambodia}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Norodom
'''Born''': 1953
'''Reign''': 2004 --
[[quoteright:120:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofcambodiasml_6092.gif]]

An accomplished dance instructor and ambassador to [=UNESCO=] and owner of a BaldOfAwesome. He actually has no power, other than being a symbolic figurehead. Became king in 2004 when his father abdicated. He has no children, but that’s not a problem because the King is chosen by a council, even if an heir existed. Cambodia is a really odd country in that it's a constitutional monarchy in the complete sense, ie the king does nothing, but the ''Prime Minister'' (the ex-communist Hun Sen) runs a fairly repressive regime. The only other places in modern history where this arrangement lasted any significant amount of time are UsefulNotes/FascistItaly, ImperialJapan, and a few stints of dictatorship in Thailand. (Other constitutional monarchies have been authoritarian regimes, of course, but the king tends to have power and ''not'' be a mere figurehead.)

!!!Abdul Halim, King of {{UsefulNotes/Malaysia}}
'''Born''': 1927
'''Reign''': 2011 --
[[quoteright:96:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofmalaysiasml_478.png]]

Actually, his title is Yang di-Pertuan Agong, meaning 'He who is made Lord'. Full name Almu'tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah. The Malaysian monarchy is unique because the ruler is [[ElectiveMonarchy elected]] from the Rulers of the Malay states by a council and is rotated on a five-year period basis. Mostly ceremonial.

!!!Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej), King of {{UsefulNotes/Thailand}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Chakri
'''Born''': 1927
'''Reign''': [[LongRunner 1946]] --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofthailandsml_8006.png]]

Longest reigning head of state in the world today. Much beloved anyway but also subject of a cult of personality that all but deifies him. His great-great-great-grandfather, Rama IV (Mongkut) was the subject of the musical and film ''{{The King and I}}''. [[HilarityEnsues Hilarity ensued]] in 2007 when a flap broke out between the Thai government and {{YouTube}} over the latter's hosting a video mocking the king, an act which is illegal in Thailand. After Youtube removed the video, international visitors cried censorship, and published ''hundreds'' of similar videos. Rama himself is a CoolOldGuy who plays jazz saxophone, competes in yacht races, and is the world's only monarch to hold a patent (on a waste water aerator and a variety of rainmaking techniques, in case you were wondering). The Thais are normally calm people, but just don't insult the royal family in front of a Thai, unless you want to receive an Ong Bak worthy hit to your vital regions all and sundry. Even in the recent and numerous ''coups d'etat'' in Thailand, the first act of the new ruling bloc has been to swear its loyalty to the king.

!! East Asia

!!!Akihito, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Japan}}
'''Born''': 1933
'''Reign''': 1989 --
[[quoteright:96:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofjapansml_9740.png]]

Emperor of Japan since 1989, 125th in a line that according to tradition dates back to 660 BC. A [[RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething marine biologist]].

! Europe

!!!Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Francois Hollande, Co-Princes of {{UsefulNotes/Andorra}}
'''Born''': 1949, 1954
'''Reign''': 2003 -- , 2012 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofandorrasml_8702.jpg]]

A very atypical monarchy. Thanks to Andorra's strange ancient constitution, the country is co-ruled by two monarchs referred to as Princes. Each of the Princes are actually from the foreign nations of France and Spain; one is the Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the other is the President of France (originally the Count of Foix, a title which later became contiguous with the French monarchy and later the presidency). Both Princes have very few powers constitutionally.

!!!Phillipe, King of {{UsefulNotes/Belgium}}
'''Dynasty''': House of [[QueenVicky Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]] (or ''Belgium'')
'''Born''': 1960
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbelgiumsml_7397.png]]

The proper title is King of the Belgians, making him the only popular monarch left in the world. Philippe took over after his father Albert II [[AbdicateTheThrone abdicated]] in July 2013 (making him the fourth monarch to do so this year after those of the Netherlands, Vatican City and Qatar). There's a lack of clarity about the name of the royal house, since they changed it in WorldWarI for more or less the same reasons as their British cousins the [[HouseOfWindsor Windsors]], but they haven't objected terribly about using the old name since then. The current King is also a first cousin of Grand Duke Henri of Belgium and a first cousin once removed of King Harald V of Norway.

!!!Margrethe II, Queen of {{UsefulNotes/Denmark}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (or just 'Glücksburg')
'''Born''': 1940
'''Reign''': 1972 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofdenmarksml_5585.gif]]

An accomplished artist who actually illustrated the Danish edition of ''TheLordOfTheRings''. As she is also a competent translator, some people claim she helped translate it as well. Also a chain smoker, which formed part of a scene in ''{{Borgen}}''.

!!!Hans-Adam II, Prince of {{UsefulNotes/Liechtenstein}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Liechtenstein[[note]]The country's named after the family, not the other way 'round.[[/note]]
'''Born''': 1945
'''Reign''': 1989 --
[[quoteright:75:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofliechtensml_8203.png]]

One of the wealthiest heads of state with a personal worth of over £2 billion. Once threatened to leave with the Royal Family to Austria if a Constitutional shake-up was not agreed upon. Arguably one of the most powerful monarchs in Europe, in terms of practical political power; unlike most European monarchs, he actually does have an effect over the government.

!!!Henri, Grand Duke of {{UsefulNotes/Luxembourg}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon-Parma
'''Born''': 1955
'''Reign''': 2000 --
[[quoteright:90:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofluxembourgsmlr_8848.png]]

Being a constitutional monarch, he has very little power, but he does have a (rarely-used) veto power that he tried to use to stop a euthanasia/assisted suicide bill passed in 2008.

!!!Albert II, Prince of {{UsefulNotes/Monaco}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Grimaldi
'''Born''': 1958
'''Reign''': 2005 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofmonacosml_3968.jpg]]

A longtime bachelor with at least two confirmed children (by different women) born out of wedlock, he finally got engaged to a former South African Olympic swimmer [[MayDecemberRomance 20 years his junior]]. Another noted marine conservationist. Also son of Creator/GraceKelly.

!!!Willem-Alexander, King of the [[UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands Netherlands]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Orange
'''Born''': 1967
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofnetherlandssml_4456.jpg]]

Ascended the throne upon the [[AbdicateTheThrone abdication]] of his mother on April 30, 2013. The first reigning King of the Netherlands since ''1890'', his predecessors (Queens Wilhelmina, Juliana and Beatrix) all having been queens regnant. A sports fan and water conservationist.

!!!Harald V, King of {{UsefulNotes/Norway}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
'''Born''': 1937
'''Reign''': 1991 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofnorwaysml_4690.png]]

The first Norwegian king in recent times to actually be born in Norway. Norway also adopted an Absolute Primogeniture at about the same time as Sweden, but let the then-Crown Prince keep his role rather than switching it to his older sister.

!!!Juan Carlos I, King of {{UsefulNotes/Spain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born''': 1938
'''Reign''': 1975 --
[[quoteright:99:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofspainsm_3566.gif]]

Full name [[OverlyLongName Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias]], King of Spain since 1975. Restored Spanish democracy (after decades of [[FranciscoFranco Francoist]] rule). Famously told [[{{UsefulNotes/Venezuela}} Hugo Chávez]] to 'shut up' after the former lambasted ex-Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar at a summit, creating an automatic MemeticMutation in the Hispanic world. Once competed in the Olympics. He also had an official picture of him appropriated for a promotional image of [[http://forum.rpg.net/showthread.php?t=190217 Magneto]] for the ''House of M'' miniseries.

!!!Carl XVI Gustaf, King of {{UsefulNotes/Sweden}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bernadotte
'''Born''': 1946
'''Reign''': 1973 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofswedensml_4279.png]]

The only references to the monarchy of Sweden in English that most are aware of are the song "Minnie the Moocher" and ''Webcomic/CaseyAndAndy'', in which the man himself was a freeloader who did nothing but sit on the couch all day. The Swedish monarchy was the first to adopt 'Equal' or 'Absolute Primogeniture' in 1980, meaning that the eldest child inherits the throne regardless of their gender. This meant that the, at the time 7 months old, then-Crown Prince Carl Philip was stripped of his status in favour of his older sister Victoria. Crown Princess Victoria was the only direct female heir apparent of a throne in the world for 33 years.

!!!Francis, Pope of the UsefulNotes/VaticanCity
'''Born''': 1936
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:82:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofvaticansml_6792.jpg]]

[[ElectiveMonarchy Elected monarch]] of the Vatican City and, by extention, of the Catholic Church. While the papacy is not a ''typical'' monarchy, the Pope is nonetheless a major player in world politics and a spiritual leader for the over 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and the first from the Americas. See ThePope.

! Oceania

!!!Tupou VI, King of {{UsefulNotes/Tonga}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Tupou
'''Born''': 1959
'''Reign''': 2012 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagoftongasml_2685.png]]

King of Tonga, an island chain in Polynesia. Recently ascended the throne on the death of his elder brother, George Tupou V.

Additionally, HMTheQueen serves as Paramount Chief of the Republic of Fiji. Whether this title will remain tied to the British crown is unclear.

!Historical (dead) monarchs and royals:
Note -- the flags used here are the flags that were used at the time of the monarchs' reigns, not the current ones, which may be vastly different.

!!!Wilhelm II, (last) Kaiser of [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany Germany]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Hohenzollern
'''Born, died''': 1859 -- 1941
'''Reign''': 1888 -- 1918
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/germanempireflag_9333.jpg]]

His role in the [[WorldWarOne First World War]] naturally made him a hate figure among the Allies. He had a withered left arm and wasn't a Nazi. Seriously. Every time people make that mistake, one of us history nerds gets boils from the raw stupid. Also, he had an awesome hat. Also, he was the oldest grandchild of QueenVicky.

* His [[OverlyLongName full title]] was (brace yourself): His Imperial and Royal Majesty William the Second, by the Grace of God, German Emperor and King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, Burgrave of Nuremberg, Count of Hohenzollern, Duke of Silesia and of the County of Glatz, Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine and of Posen, Duke in Saxony, of Angria, of Westphalia, of Pomerania and of Lunenburg, Duke of Schleswig, of Holstein and of Crossen, Duke of Magdeburg, of Bremen, of Guelderland and of Jülich, Cleves and Berg, Duke of the Wends and the Kashubians, of Lauenburg and of Mecklenburg, Landgrave of Hesse and in Thuringia, Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia, Prince of Orange, of Rugen, of East Friesland, of Paderborn and of Pyrmont, Prince of Halberstadt, of Münster, of Minden, of Osnabrück, of Hildesheim, of Verden, of Kammin, of Fulda, of Nassau and of Moers, Princely Count of Henneberg, Count of the Mark, of Ravensberg, of Hohenstein, of Tecklenburg and of Lingen, Count of Mansfeld, of Sigmaringen and of Veringen, Lord of Frankfurt.
* Let's be thankful for this one. There are at least three places he was ruler of which are not mentioned there, and there were probably more, so it could have been even worse. Still cant help but wonder if he remembered it himself.

!!!Nicholas II, Tsar of [[TsaristRussia Russia]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Romanov
'''Born, died''': 1868 -- 1918
'''Reign''': 1894 -- 1917
[[quoteright:158:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/russianempireflag_1168.png]]

Last Tsar of Russia before the [[RomanovsAndRevolutions February Revolution]] and generally portrayed as a nice but hopeless chap who was caught up in events too big for him to handle. Currently an Orthodox Saint.

* Whose own [[OverlyLongName full title]] happened to be: Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan, King of Poland, Tsar of Siberia, Tsar of Tauric Chersonesos, Tsar of Georgia, Lord of Pskov, and Grand Duke of Smolensk, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podolia, and Finland, Prince of Estonia, Livonia, Courland and Semigalia, Samogitia, Belostok, Karelia, of Tver, Yugra, Perm, Vyatka, Bulgaria, and other territories; Lord and Grand Duke of Nizhny Novgorod, Chernigov; Sovereign of Ryazan, Polotsk, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Beloozero, Udoria, Obdoria, Kondia, Vitebsk, Mstislav, and all the northern territories; and Sovereign of Iveria, Kartalinia, and the Kabardinian lands and Armenian territories; Hereditary Lord and Ruler of the Cherkass and Mountain Princes and others; Lord of Turkestan, Heir of Norway, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Oldenburg, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth.
* Also happened to be the wealthiest saint in record, the estimated third wealthiest calculable historical figure ever (behind two great early American capitalists), and the wealthiest Russian Tsar. In a country where the majority of the population was illiterate and existed in effective serfdom, these may have been some of the grievances that ultimately got him removed and executed.
* Grand Duchess {{WesternAnimation/Anastasia}} (Romanov): When she wasn't found among the executed Romanovs, many thought she was alive and a number of movies have been made about her. As it turns out, she ''was'' among the executed Romanovs. [[HistoryMarchesOn Ah well]].
** People thought she was alive ''decades'' before the Romanov's burial site was found. The first whispers were as early as 1919. If anything, the "Anastasia lives" trope was far stronger and far more widely believed in the West before the tomb was found than afterwards. (If it matters, it's now thought that Anastasia actually was one of those recovered from the tomb; the remains found later on were probably her sister Marie's.)

!!!Franz Joseph I, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Austria}}-{{UsefulNotes/Hungary}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Habsburg-Lorraine
'''Born, died''': 1830 -- 1916
'''Reign''': 1848 -- 1916
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/austriahungaryflag_6845.png]]

Aka the ''other'' Kaiser, he was among Europe's longest reigning monarchs, outliving his contemporary, QueenVicky. Also known for having endured a horrific stream of personal (and ultimately [[WorldWarI nationwide]]) disasters [[IronWoobie with nigh impregnable stride.]]
* Emperor Karl (or Karl IV in Hungary): Franz Joseph's successor and the last Habsburg monarch. Made attempts at brokering peace while trying to keep his crumbling empire together. Made two (failed) efforts at restoring the throne in Hungary in the 1920s. He would die exiled in Madeira, although his son/heir Otto would live on until [[LongRunners 2011]].

!!!Leopold II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Belgium}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
'''Born, died''': 1835 -- 1909
'''Reign''': 1865 -- 1909
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbelgiumsml_7397.png]]

Pretty nasty king, [[NeverLiveItDown mainly remembered]] for the whole Congo Free State scandal, where he ran the place like his own personal fiefdom[[note]]not a figure of speech; he actually ''owned'' the place until 1908[[/note]], forcing the inhabitants to produce high volumes of rubber or face mutilation. Eventually a propaganda war forced him to pass the territory to the monarchy.

!!!Pedro II, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Brazil}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Braganza
'''Born, died''': 1825 -- 1891
'''Reign''': 1831 -- 1889
[[quoteright:101:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/empirebrazilflag_9862.jpeg]]

Second and last Emperor of Brazil. [[HundredPercentAdorationRating Highly loved and respected]], not only by his own people, but also internationally, as a humble and hard-working man completely dedicated to the growth of his country (including the abolition of slavery, a controversial move at the time in Brazil). Under that public façade, however, there was a [[TheWoobie very sad man]] who [[ReluctantRuler never wanted the crown]] and resented the fact that he couldn’t have a simple life. He was deposed by a handful of hardline military leaders with no popular support; Pedro was so tired of the crown that refused to offer resistance, much to the disappointment of his people, and went to exile on his own volition.

!!!Ferdinand VII, King of {{UsefulNotes/Spain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born, died''': 1784 -- 1833
'''Reign''': 1808, 1813 -- 1833
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/oldspanishflag_9334.png]]

A [[LoveItOrHateIt very polarizing]] king in his home[[note]]he was known as “Ferdinand the Desired” '''and''' “the felon king”[[/note]] (though not the worse of the lot, arguably). He not only disputed the crown with [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon’s]] brother during almost all his reign, but also lost almost all its colonies in America.

!!!Manuel II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Portugal}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Braganza
'''Born, died''': 1889 -- 1932
'''Reign''': 1908 -- 1910
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/oldportugalflag_2597.png]]

Last King of Portugal. Unfit and unprepared to be the king, he was elevated to the throne after the assassination of his father, King Charles I, and his brother, Prince Luís Filipe, who was the heir to the throne up to that point, in the 1908 Lisbon Regicide. Overthrown by the 5 October 1910 revolution, which implemented the Portuguese First Republic. Was great-great-great-great-grandson of Maria II, who was herself the sister of Dom Pedro II of Brazil.

!!!Haile Selassie I, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Ethiopia}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Solomon
'''Born, died''': 1892 -- 1975
'''Reign''': 1930 -- 1974
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ethiopianroyalflag_5862.jpg]]

Last Emperor of Ethiopia. Yes, the house name refers to ''[[TheBible that]]'' [[JudgmentOfSolomon Solomon]]; tradition holds that the royal family of Ethiopia were descended from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Haile Selassie is known for being a good ruler, reigning for 44 years until a Communist military coup overthrew him, and also for being revered as TheMessiah and [[{{God}} God incarnate]] by the Rastafarians. While Haile never embraced this worship, he never [[StopWorshippingMe tried to make them stop either]]; his feeling was that he knew he wasn't God, but if somebody else thought he was it was harmless.

!!!Charles II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Spain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Habsburg
'''Born, died''': 1661 -- 1700
'''Reign''': 1665 -- 1700
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/voldspanishflaghab_2554.png]]

RoyallyScrewedUp last Habsburg monarch of Spain. Famous for being [[TangledFamilyTree extremely inbred]], owing to the fact that most of his ancestors were uncles and nieces and other closely related persons marrying one another. He was so physically deformed as a result that he couldn't chew properly and was unable to produce any offspring. He himself believed that his physical problems were a result of a [[AWizardDidIt witch's curse]]. His early death in 1700, aged just 38, triggering a war of succession.

!!!Joseph II, [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Habsburg-Lorraine
'''Born, died''': 1741 -- 1790
'''Reign''': 1765 -- 1790
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/holyromanempflagsml_7202.png]]

Son of MariaTheresa of Austria and brother to MarieAntoinette and one of the last monarchs of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire before it was dissolved in 1806 after [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon's]] rise in Europe. Famously commissioned operas and works from [[WolfgangAmadeusMozart Mozart]] and appeared as a character in ''{{Theatre/Amadeus}}''. Well-known for being rather liberal in his day, and attempted to [[RomanticismVersusEnlightenment enlighten]] Austria with significant domestic reforms and also reduced censorship significantly. He died without any male children and was succeeded by his brother, Leopold II.

!!!Louis XVI, King of {{UsefulNotes/France}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born, died''': 1754 -- 1793
'''Reign''': 1774 -- 1792
[[quoteright:120:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/royalstandardfrancesml_8492.png]]

Married to MarieAntoinette, sister of the above Joseph II. He provided important aid to the American colonists during TheAmericanRevolution, sending money, supplies and troops to support the rebels, although this hastened France's eventual bankruptcy and he was unable to fix the failing finances left by his grandfather Louis XV. Unrest erupted throughout the country, resulting in The French Revolution. He was eventually [[OffWithHisHead executed by guillotine]] by French republicans for his alleged crimes.

----

to:

This page details other monarchies from around the world. These ones are not as famous as TheHouseOfWindsor, mostly turning up (if they do) in their own countries.


! Current monarchs and royals:

!Africa

!!!Letsie III, King of Lesotho
'''Dynasty''': House of Moshesh
'''Born''': 1963
'''Reign''': 1990 -- 1995, 1996 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/lesothoflagsml_2420.png]]

His kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. Was originally made king in 1990, but abdicated in 1995 to return power to his deposed father. However, tragedy struck in 1996 when his father was killed in a car accident, and Letsie was once again crowned.

!!!Mohammed VI , King of UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Ali (Alaouite Dynasty)
'''Born''': 1963
'''Reign''': 1999 --
[[quoteright:103:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/moroccoflagsml_9797.jpg]]

Became king in 1999, and has spent his time trying to modernize his nation. Attempts to reform the law to give women more freedom have ignited the anger of [[{{UsefulNotes/Islam}} Islamic]] [[TheFundamentalist Fundamentalists]]. He also spent his early reign atoning for his (still well-liked) father's heavy-handed and at times brutal rule. TheArabSpring did hit Morocco, but not particularly hard; however, it induced him to initiate constitutional changes that seriously limit the monarch's powers, and has estimated that by the time his son (''Moulay'' Hassan[[note]]''Moulay'' is a title roughly meaning "Lord", but it's really more like "prince"[[/note]]) becomes King, the monarch will be a constitutional figurehead.

!!!Mswati III , King of Swaziland
'''Dynasty''': House of Diamini
'''Born''': 1968
'''Reign''': 1986 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofswazilandsml_6324.png]]

Though an absolute monarch with the power to appoint the government, he cannot appoint his own heir. Is something of an odd duck due to his indulging in [[UsefulNotes/ForTheLoveOfMany polygamy]] (with currently fourteen wives) and also attempted to curb the [=AIDS=] epidemic by enacting a [[GodzillaThreshold five year ban on all sex in the Kingdom]] amongst women under eighteen years of age ... which he then violated by marrying a 17 year old.

! Asia
!! Arab World
You'll see that these mostly have 'Al Something' in their name. That is the name of the house: ''Āl'' is Arabic for 'House' or '[[TheClan Clan]]', and is different from ''Al-'' (an affix, not an independent word, that means 'the').

!!!Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of {{UsefulNotes/Bahrain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Khalifa
'''Born''': 1950
'''Reign''': 1999 -- 2002 (as [[InsistentTerminology Emir]]), 2002 -- (as King)
[[quoteright:96:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbahrainsml_4084.png]]

Previously a Sheikdom, Hamad proclaimed Bahrain as a kingdom in 2002. Since he is a Sunni Muslim, he gives them more power and benefits, to the detriment of the majority Shia of the country; this in turn has contributed to the unrest of the country during the protests in the Arab World. Curiously, most don’t have a problem with him being in the power; the problem is with the rest of his government.

!!!Abdullah II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Jordan}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Hashim
'''Born''': 1962
'''Reign''': 1999 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofjordansml_3110.gif]]

Son of King Hussein and his English second wife. Retains significant power in his native country, but the monarchy is constitutional and he shares ''some'' power with Parliament. [[OneOfUs An avowed nerd]], he once guest-starred in ''Series/StarTrekVoyager''.

!!!Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of {{UsefulNotes/Kuwait}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Sabah
'''Born''': 1929
'''Reign''': 2006 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofkuwaitsml_5645.jpg]]

Proof of the fact that, smaller the country, bigger the power the monarch has. Sabah IV has full power to appoint and dismiss anyone on his government and is immune and inviolable regarding the law. He enjoys frequent trips to Oman, where he owns an [[IslandBase island]]. He also is an advocate for women’s rights, an [[ValuesResonance oddity]] in the Middle East.

!!!Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Sultan of Oman
'''Dynasty''': House of Said
'''Born''': 1940
'''Reign''': 1970 --
[[quoteright:106:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofomansml_7113.png]]

He assumed power when he headed a [[MilitaryCoup coup d’etat]] against his father, who had him under house arrest. A [[CulturedBadass classical music fan]].

!!!Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of {{UsefulNotes/Qatar}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Thani
'''Born''': 1980
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:83:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofqatarsml_8101.png]]

He too took the crown after his father [[AbdicateTheThrone abdicated]] in favour of him in 2013.

!!!Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, King of UsefulNotes/SaudiArabia
'''Dynasty''': House of Saud
'''Born''': 1924
'''Reign''': 2005 --
[[quoteright::http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofsaudisml_9552.jpg]]

Son of Abdulaziz, who created the modern Arabian state in 1902, King Abdullah is the fifth of his [[TooManyBabies 65 children]] to rule the largest Arab monarchy in the world today. Unlike most other examples on this list, most of which are constitutional monarchies where the monarch has limited effective power, Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, and Abdullah has tremendous rein over the government.
* In addition, the crown of Saudi Arabia is an ElectiveMonarchy that follows agnatic seniority as a general guideline. As a result, the heir-presumptive is the eldest surviving ''brother'' of the King, and is usually made heir apparent (Crown Prince) by a vote of the Allegiance Council -- a group of the thirty or so most senior princes of the House. At present, the heir is Salman bin Abdul Aziz, aged 76; he is the third Crown Prince during the reign of King Abdullah (previous Crown Princes Sultan and Nayef, died in 2011 and 2012).

!!!Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum of the UsefulNotes/UnitedArabEmirates
'''Born''': 1948, 1949
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofuaesml_2509.png]]

A very atypical monarchy. The UAE are a union of emirates, each ruled by a different emir, joined in a federation recognized worldwide as one state. The job of President of UAE goes to the Emir of Abu Dhabi (Khalifa) and the job of Prime Minister goes to the Emir of Dubai (Mohammed). Khalifa is known for his philanthropy while Mohammed is a fanatic of thoroughbred [[HorseRacing horse racing]].

!! Himalayas

!!!Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, King of {{UsefulNotes/Bhutan}}
'''Dynasty''': House of [[InherentlyFunnyWords Wangchuck]]
'''Born''': 1980
'''Reign''': 2006 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbhutansml_8500.gif]]

Known in his country as the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) of Bhutan, he assumed the throne in 2006 when his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated in his favour as part of a managed transition to democracy. He has dedicated mainly to promote Buddhism outside his country. He also seems to be EstrogenBrigadeBait, which became apparent when he assisted the crowning of Rama IX and ended up attracting hordes of female fans (he was nicknamed 'PrinceCharming' by the media).

!! Southeast Asia

!!!Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan of {{UsefulNotes/Brunei}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bolkiah
'''Born''': 1946
'''Reign''': 1967 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbruneisml_6872.jpg]]

Currently the 29th Sultan of Brunei who has been ruling for over [[LongRunner 45 years]]. Is [[HundredPercentAdorationRating well loved]] by his subjects for [[JustLikeRobinHood sharing the country's wealth from Oil and Gas to help the people's welfare]]. The Sultan is Sandhurst graduate and has a large car collection. Also his late father and Queen Elizabeth II were good friends.

!!!Norodom Sihamoni, King of {{UsefulNotes/Cambodia}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Norodom
'''Born''': 1953
'''Reign''': 2004 --
[[quoteright:120:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofcambodiasml_6092.gif]]

An accomplished dance instructor and ambassador to [=UNESCO=] and owner of a BaldOfAwesome. He actually has no power, other than being a symbolic figurehead. Became king in 2004 when his father abdicated. He has no children, but that’s not a problem because the King is chosen by a council, even if an heir existed. Cambodia is a really odd country in that it's a constitutional monarchy in the complete sense, ie the king does nothing, but the ''Prime Minister'' (the ex-communist Hun Sen) runs a fairly repressive regime. The only other places in modern history where this arrangement lasted any significant amount of time are UsefulNotes/FascistItaly, ImperialJapan, and a few stints of dictatorship in Thailand. (Other constitutional monarchies have been authoritarian regimes, of course, but the king tends to have power and ''not'' be a mere figurehead.)

!!!Abdul Halim, King of {{UsefulNotes/Malaysia}}
'''Born''': 1927
'''Reign''': 2011 --
[[quoteright:96:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofmalaysiasml_478.png]]

Actually, his title is Yang di-Pertuan Agong, meaning 'He who is made Lord'. Full name Almu'tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah. The Malaysian monarchy is unique because the ruler is [[ElectiveMonarchy elected]] from the Rulers of the Malay states by a council and is rotated on a five-year period basis. Mostly ceremonial.

!!!Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej), King of {{UsefulNotes/Thailand}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Chakri
'''Born''': 1927
'''Reign''': [[LongRunner 1946]] --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofthailandsml_8006.png]]

Longest reigning head of state in the world today. Much beloved anyway but also subject of a cult of personality that all but deifies him. His great-great-great-grandfather, Rama IV (Mongkut) was the subject of the musical and film ''{{The King and I}}''. [[HilarityEnsues Hilarity ensued]] in 2007 when a flap broke out between the Thai government and {{YouTube}} over the latter's hosting a video mocking the king, an act which is illegal in Thailand. After Youtube removed the video, international visitors cried censorship, and published ''hundreds'' of similar videos. Rama himself is a CoolOldGuy who plays jazz saxophone, competes in yacht races, and is the world's only monarch to hold a patent (on a waste water aerator and a variety of rainmaking techniques, in case you were wondering). The Thais are normally calm people, but just don't insult the royal family in front of a Thai, unless you want to receive an Ong Bak worthy hit to your vital regions all and sundry. Even in the recent and numerous ''coups d'etat'' in Thailand, the first act of the new ruling bloc has been to swear its loyalty to the king.

!! East Asia

!!!Akihito, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Japan}}
'''Born''': 1933
'''Reign''': 1989 --
[[quoteright:96:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofjapansml_9740.png]]

Emperor of Japan since 1989, 125th in a line that according to tradition dates back to 660 BC. A [[RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething marine biologist]].

! Europe

!!!Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Francois Hollande, Co-Princes of {{UsefulNotes/Andorra}}
'''Born''': 1949, 1954
'''Reign''': 2003 -- , 2012 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofandorrasml_8702.jpg]]

A very atypical monarchy. Thanks to Andorra's strange ancient constitution, the country is co-ruled by two monarchs referred to as Princes. Each of the Princes are actually from the foreign nations of France and Spain; one is the Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the other is the President of France (originally the Count of Foix, a title which later became contiguous with the French monarchy and later the presidency). Both Princes have very few powers constitutionally.

!!!Phillipe, King of {{UsefulNotes/Belgium}}
'''Dynasty''': House of [[QueenVicky Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]] (or ''Belgium'')
'''Born''': 1960
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbelgiumsml_7397.png]]

The proper title is King of the Belgians, making him the only popular monarch left in the world. Philippe took over after his father Albert II [[AbdicateTheThrone abdicated]] in July 2013 (making him the fourth monarch to do so this year after those of the Netherlands, Vatican City and Qatar). There's a lack of clarity about the name of the royal house, since they changed it in WorldWarI for more or less the same reasons as their British cousins the [[HouseOfWindsor Windsors]], but they haven't objected terribly about using the old name since then. The current King is also a first cousin of Grand Duke Henri of Belgium and a first cousin once removed of King Harald V of Norway.

!!!Margrethe II, Queen of {{UsefulNotes/Denmark}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (or just 'Glücksburg')
'''Born''': 1940
'''Reign''': 1972 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofdenmarksml_5585.gif]]

An accomplished artist who actually illustrated the Danish edition of ''TheLordOfTheRings''. As she is also a competent translator, some people claim she helped translate it as well. Also a chain smoker, which formed part of a scene in ''{{Borgen}}''.

!!!Hans-Adam II, Prince of {{UsefulNotes/Liechtenstein}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Liechtenstein[[note]]The country's named after the family, not the other way 'round.[[/note]]
'''Born''': 1945
'''Reign''': 1989 --
[[quoteright:75:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofliechtensml_8203.png]]

One of the wealthiest heads of state with a personal worth of over £2 billion. Once threatened to leave with the Royal Family to Austria if a Constitutional shake-up was not agreed upon. Arguably one of the most powerful monarchs in Europe, in terms of practical political power; unlike most European monarchs, he actually does have an effect over the government.

!!!Henri, Grand Duke of {{UsefulNotes/Luxembourg}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon-Parma
'''Born''': 1955
'''Reign''': 2000 --
[[quoteright:90:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofluxembourgsmlr_8848.png]]

Being a constitutional monarch, he has very little power, but he does have a (rarely-used) veto power that he tried to use to stop a euthanasia/assisted suicide bill passed in 2008.

!!!Albert II, Prince of {{UsefulNotes/Monaco}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Grimaldi
'''Born''': 1958
'''Reign''': 2005 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofmonacosml_3968.jpg]]

A longtime bachelor with at least two confirmed children (by different women) born out of wedlock, he finally got engaged to a former South African Olympic swimmer [[MayDecemberRomance 20 years his junior]]. Another noted marine conservationist. Also son of Creator/GraceKelly.

!!!Willem-Alexander, King of the [[UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands Netherlands]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Orange
'''Born''': 1967
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofnetherlandssml_4456.jpg]]

Ascended the throne upon the [[AbdicateTheThrone abdication]] of his mother on April 30, 2013. The first reigning King of the Netherlands since ''1890'', his predecessors (Queens Wilhelmina, Juliana and Beatrix) all having been queens regnant. A sports fan and water conservationist.

!!!Harald V, King of {{UsefulNotes/Norway}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
'''Born''': 1937
'''Reign''': 1991 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofnorwaysml_4690.png]]

The first Norwegian king in recent times to actually be born in Norway. Norway also adopted an Absolute Primogeniture at about the same time as Sweden, but let the then-Crown Prince keep his role rather than switching it to his older sister.

!!!Juan Carlos I, King of {{UsefulNotes/Spain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born''': 1938
'''Reign''': 1975 --
[[quoteright:99:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofspainsm_3566.gif]]

Full name [[OverlyLongName Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias]], King of Spain since 1975. Restored Spanish democracy (after decades of [[FranciscoFranco Francoist]] rule). Famously told [[{{UsefulNotes/Venezuela}} Hugo Chávez]] to 'shut up' after the former lambasted ex-Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar at a summit, creating an automatic MemeticMutation in the Hispanic world. Once competed in the Olympics. He also had an official picture of him appropriated for a promotional image of [[http://forum.rpg.net/showthread.php?t=190217 Magneto]] for the ''House of M'' miniseries.

!!!Carl XVI Gustaf, King of {{UsefulNotes/Sweden}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bernadotte
'''Born''': 1946
'''Reign''': 1973 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofswedensml_4279.png]]

The only references to the monarchy of Sweden in English that most are aware of are the song "Minnie the Moocher" and ''Webcomic/CaseyAndAndy'', in which the man himself was a freeloader who did nothing but sit on the couch all day. The Swedish monarchy was the first to adopt 'Equal' or 'Absolute Primogeniture' in 1980, meaning that the eldest child inherits the throne regardless of their gender. This meant that the, at the time 7 months old, then-Crown Prince Carl Philip was stripped of his status in favour of his older sister Victoria. Crown Princess Victoria was the only direct female heir apparent of a throne in the world for 33 years.

!!!Francis, Pope of the UsefulNotes/VaticanCity
'''Born''': 1936
'''Reign''': 2013 --
[[quoteright:82:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofvaticansml_6792.jpg]]

[[ElectiveMonarchy Elected monarch]] of the Vatican City and, by extention, of the Catholic Church. While the papacy is not a ''typical'' monarchy, the Pope is nonetheless a major player in world politics and a spiritual leader for the over 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and the first from the Americas. See ThePope.

! Oceania

!!!Tupou VI, King of {{UsefulNotes/Tonga}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Tupou
'''Born''': 1959
'''Reign''': 2012 --
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagoftongasml_2685.png]]

King of Tonga, an island chain in Polynesia. Recently ascended the throne on the death of his elder brother, George Tupou V.

Additionally, HMTheQueen serves as Paramount Chief of the Republic of Fiji. Whether this title will remain tied to the British crown is unclear.

!Historical (dead) monarchs and royals:
Note -- the flags used here are the flags that were used at the time of the monarchs' reigns, not the current ones, which may be vastly different.

!!!Wilhelm II, (last) Kaiser of [[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany Germany]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Hohenzollern
'''Born, died''': 1859 -- 1941
'''Reign''': 1888 -- 1918
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/germanempireflag_9333.jpg]]

His role in the [[WorldWarOne First World War]] naturally made him a hate figure among the Allies. He had a withered left arm and wasn't a Nazi. Seriously. Every time people make that mistake, one of us history nerds gets boils from the raw stupid. Also, he had an awesome hat. Also, he was the oldest grandchild of QueenVicky.

* His [[OverlyLongName full title]] was (brace yourself): His Imperial and Royal Majesty William the Second, by the Grace of God, German Emperor and King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, Burgrave of Nuremberg, Count of Hohenzollern, Duke of Silesia and of the County of Glatz, Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine and of Posen, Duke in Saxony, of Angria, of Westphalia, of Pomerania and of Lunenburg, Duke of Schleswig, of Holstein and of Crossen, Duke of Magdeburg, of Bremen, of Guelderland and of Jülich, Cleves and Berg, Duke of the Wends and the Kashubians, of Lauenburg and of Mecklenburg, Landgrave of Hesse and in Thuringia, Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia, Prince of Orange, of Rugen, of East Friesland, of Paderborn and of Pyrmont, Prince of Halberstadt, of Münster, of Minden, of Osnabrück, of Hildesheim, of Verden, of Kammin, of Fulda, of Nassau and of Moers, Princely Count of Henneberg, Count of the Mark, of Ravensberg, of Hohenstein, of Tecklenburg and of Lingen, Count of Mansfeld, of Sigmaringen and of Veringen, Lord of Frankfurt.
* Let's be thankful for this one. There are at least three places he was ruler of which are not mentioned there, and there were probably more, so it could have been even worse. Still cant help but wonder if he remembered it himself.

!!!Nicholas II, Tsar of [[TsaristRussia Russia]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Romanov
'''Born, died''': 1868 -- 1918
'''Reign''': 1894 -- 1917
[[quoteright:158:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/russianempireflag_1168.png]]

Last Tsar of Russia before the [[RomanovsAndRevolutions February Revolution]] and generally portrayed as a nice but hopeless chap who was caught up in events too big for him to handle. Currently an Orthodox Saint.

* Whose own [[OverlyLongName full title]] happened to be: Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan, King of Poland, Tsar of Siberia, Tsar of Tauric Chersonesos, Tsar of Georgia, Lord of Pskov, and Grand Duke of Smolensk, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podolia, and Finland, Prince of Estonia, Livonia, Courland and Semigalia, Samogitia, Belostok, Karelia, of Tver, Yugra, Perm, Vyatka, Bulgaria, and other territories; Lord and Grand Duke of Nizhny Novgorod, Chernigov; Sovereign of Ryazan, Polotsk, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Beloozero, Udoria, Obdoria, Kondia, Vitebsk, Mstislav, and all the northern territories; and Sovereign of Iveria, Kartalinia, and the Kabardinian lands and Armenian territories; Hereditary Lord and Ruler of the Cherkass and Mountain Princes and others; Lord of Turkestan, Heir of Norway, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Oldenburg, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth.
* Also happened to be the wealthiest saint in record, the estimated third wealthiest calculable historical figure ever (behind two great early American capitalists), and the wealthiest Russian Tsar. In a country where the majority of the population was illiterate and existed in effective serfdom, these may have been some of the grievances that ultimately got him removed and executed.
* Grand Duchess {{WesternAnimation/Anastasia}} (Romanov): When she wasn't found among the executed Romanovs, many thought she was alive and a number of movies have been made about her. As it turns out, she ''was'' among the executed Romanovs. [[HistoryMarchesOn Ah well]].
** People thought she was alive ''decades'' before the Romanov's burial site was found. The first whispers were as early as 1919. If anything, the "Anastasia lives" trope was far stronger and far more widely believed in the West before the tomb was found than afterwards. (If it matters, it's now thought that Anastasia actually was one of those recovered from the tomb; the remains found later on were probably her sister Marie's.)

!!!Franz Joseph I, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Austria}}-{{UsefulNotes/Hungary}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Habsburg-Lorraine
'''Born, died''': 1830 -- 1916
'''Reign''': 1848 -- 1916
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/austriahungaryflag_6845.png]]

Aka the ''other'' Kaiser, he was among Europe's longest reigning monarchs, outliving his contemporary, QueenVicky. Also known for having endured a horrific stream of personal (and ultimately [[WorldWarI nationwide]]) disasters [[IronWoobie with nigh impregnable stride.]]
* Emperor Karl (or Karl IV in Hungary): Franz Joseph's successor and the last Habsburg monarch. Made attempts at brokering peace while trying to keep his crumbling empire together. Made two (failed) efforts at restoring the throne in Hungary in the 1920s. He would die exiled in Madeira, although his son/heir Otto would live on until [[LongRunners 2011]].

!!!Leopold II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Belgium}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
'''Born, died''': 1835 -- 1909
'''Reign''': 1865 -- 1909
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/flagofbelgiumsml_7397.png]]

Pretty nasty king, [[NeverLiveItDown mainly remembered]] for the whole Congo Free State scandal, where he ran the place like his own personal fiefdom[[note]]not a figure of speech; he actually ''owned'' the place until 1908[[/note]], forcing the inhabitants to produce high volumes of rubber or face mutilation. Eventually a propaganda war forced him to pass the territory to the monarchy.

!!!Pedro II, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Brazil}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Braganza
'''Born, died''': 1825 -- 1891
'''Reign''': 1831 -- 1889
[[quoteright:101:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/empirebrazilflag_9862.jpeg]]

Second and last Emperor of Brazil. [[HundredPercentAdorationRating Highly loved and respected]], not only by his own people, but also internationally, as a humble and hard-working man completely dedicated to the growth of his country (including the abolition of slavery, a controversial move at the time in Brazil). Under that public façade, however, there was a [[TheWoobie very sad man]] who [[ReluctantRuler never wanted the crown]] and resented the fact that he couldn’t have a simple life. He was deposed by a handful of hardline military leaders with no popular support; Pedro was so tired of the crown that refused to offer resistance, much to the disappointment of his people, and went to exile on his own volition.

!!!Ferdinand VII, King of {{UsefulNotes/Spain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born, died''': 1784 -- 1833
'''Reign''': 1808, 1813 -- 1833
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/oldspanishflag_9334.png]]

A [[LoveItOrHateIt very polarizing]] king in his home[[note]]he was known as “Ferdinand the Desired” '''and''' “the felon king”[[/note]] (though not the worse of the lot, arguably). He not only disputed the crown with [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon’s]] brother during almost all his reign, but also lost almost all its colonies in America.

!!!Manuel II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Portugal}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Braganza
'''Born, died''': 1889 -- 1932
'''Reign''': 1908 -- 1910
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/oldportugalflag_2597.png]]

Last King of Portugal. Unfit and unprepared to be the king, he was elevated to the throne after the assassination of his father, King Charles I, and his brother, Prince Luís Filipe, who was the heir to the throne up to that point, in the 1908 Lisbon Regicide. Overthrown by the 5 October 1910 revolution, which implemented the Portuguese First Republic. Was great-great-great-great-grandson of Maria II, who was herself the sister of Dom Pedro II of Brazil.

!!!Haile Selassie I, Emperor of {{UsefulNotes/Ethiopia}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Solomon
'''Born, died''': 1892 -- 1975
'''Reign''': 1930 -- 1974
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ethiopianroyalflag_5862.jpg]]

Last Emperor of Ethiopia. Yes, the house name refers to ''[[TheBible that]]'' [[JudgmentOfSolomon Solomon]]; tradition holds that the royal family of Ethiopia were descended from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Haile Selassie is known for being a good ruler, reigning for 44 years until a Communist military coup overthrew him, and also for being revered as TheMessiah and [[{{God}} God incarnate]] by the Rastafarians. While Haile never embraced this worship, he never [[StopWorshippingMe tried to make them stop either]]; his feeling was that he knew he wasn't God, but if somebody else thought he was it was harmless.

!!!Charles II, King of {{UsefulNotes/Spain}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Habsburg
'''Born, died''': 1661 -- 1700
'''Reign''': 1665 -- 1700
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/voldspanishflaghab_2554.png]]

RoyallyScrewedUp last Habsburg monarch of Spain. Famous for being [[TangledFamilyTree extremely inbred]], owing to the fact that most of his ancestors were uncles and nieces and other closely related persons marrying one another. He was so physically deformed as a result that he couldn't chew properly and was unable to produce any offspring. He himself believed that his physical problems were a result of a [[AWizardDidIt witch's curse]]. His early death in 1700, aged just 38, triggering a war of succession.

!!!Joseph II, [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor]]
'''Dynasty''': House of Habsburg-Lorraine
'''Born, died''': 1741 -- 1790
'''Reign''': 1765 -- 1790
[[quoteright:100:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/holyromanempflagsml_7202.png]]

Son of MariaTheresa of Austria and brother to MarieAntoinette and one of the last monarchs of the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire before it was dissolved in 1806 after [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon's]] rise in Europe. Famously commissioned operas and works from [[WolfgangAmadeusMozart Mozart]] and appeared as a character in ''{{Theatre/Amadeus}}''. Well-known for being rather liberal in his day, and attempted to [[RomanticismVersusEnlightenment enlighten]] Austria with significant domestic reforms and also reduced censorship significantly. He died without any male children and was succeeded by his brother, Leopold II.

!!!Louis XVI, King of {{UsefulNotes/France}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born, died''': 1754 -- 1793
'''Reign''': 1774 -- 1792
[[quoteright:120:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/royalstandardfrancesml_8492.png]]

Married to MarieAntoinette, sister of the above Joseph II. He provided important aid to the American colonists during TheAmericanRevolution, sending money, supplies and troops to support the rebels, although this hastened France's eventual bankruptcy and he was unable to fix the failing finances left by his grandfather Louis XV. Unrest erupted throughout the country, resulting in The French Revolution. He was eventually [[OffWithHisHead executed by guillotine]] by French republicans for his alleged crimes.

----
[[redirect:UsefulNotes/OtherRoyalFamilies]]
13th Sep '13 11:40:22 AM karstovich2
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!!!Mohammed VI , King of {{UsefulNotes/Morocco}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Alaouite

to:

!!!Mohammed VI , King of {{UsefulNotes/Morocco}}
UsefulNotes/{{Morocco}}
'''Dynasty''': House of AlaouiteAli (Alaouite Dynasty)



Became king in 1999, and has spent his time trying to modernize his nation. Attempts to reform the law to give women more freedom have ignited the anger of [[{{UsefulNotes/Islam}} Islamic]] [[TheFundamentalist Fundamentalists]].

to:

Became king in 1999, and has spent his time trying to modernize his nation. Attempts to reform the law to give women more freedom have ignited the anger of [[{{UsefulNotes/Islam}} Islamic]] [[TheFundamentalist Fundamentalists]].
Fundamentalists]]. He also spent his early reign atoning for his (still well-liked) father's heavy-handed and at times brutal rule. TheArabSpring did hit Morocco, but not particularly hard; however, it induced him to initiate constitutional changes that seriously limit the monarch's powers, and has estimated that by the time his son (''Moulay'' Hassan[[note]]''Moulay'' is a title roughly meaning "Lord", but it's really more like "prince"[[/note]]) becomes King, the monarch will be a constitutional figurehead.
31st Aug '13 3:44:07 PM inph
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RoyallyScrewedUp last Habsburg monarch of Spain. Famous for being [[TangledFamilyTree extremely inbred]], owing to the fact that most of his ancestors were uncles and nieces and other closely related persons marrying one another. He was so physically deformed as a result that he couldn't chew properly and was unable to produce any offspring. He himself believed that his physical problems were a result of a [[AWizardDidIt witch's curse]]. His early death in 1700, aged just 38 triggered a war of succession.

to:

RoyallyScrewedUp last Habsburg monarch of Spain. Famous for being [[TangledFamilyTree extremely inbred]], owing to the fact that most of his ancestors were uncles and nieces and other closely related persons marrying one another. He was so physically deformed as a result that he couldn't chew properly and was unable to produce any offspring. He himself believed that his physical problems were a result of a [[AWizardDidIt witch's curse]]. His early death in 1700, aged just 38 triggered 38, triggering a war of succession.
14th Aug '13 10:47:28 PM Korodzik
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'''Dynasty''': House of Liechtenstein[[hottip:*: The country's named after the family, not the other way 'round.]]

to:

'''Dynasty''': House of Liechtenstein[[hottip:*: The Liechtenstein[[note]]The country's named after the family, not the other way 'round.]][[/note]]



Pretty nasty king, [[NeverLiveItDown mainly remembered]] for the whole Congo Free State scandal, where he ran the place like his own personal fiefdom[[hottip:*:not a figure of speech; he actually ''owned'' the place until 1908]], forcing the inhabitants to produce high volumes of rubber or face mutilation. Eventually a propaganda war forced him to pass the territory to the monarchy.

to:

Pretty nasty king, [[NeverLiveItDown mainly remembered]] for the whole Congo Free State scandal, where he ran the place like his own personal fiefdom[[hottip:*:not fiefdom[[note]]not a figure of speech; he actually ''owned'' the place until 1908]], 1908[[/note]], forcing the inhabitants to produce high volumes of rubber or face mutilation. Eventually a propaganda war forced him to pass the territory to the monarchy.



A [[LoveItOrHateIt very polarizing]] king in his home[[hottip:*:he was known as “Ferdinand the Desired” '''and''' “the felon king”]] (though not the worse of the lot, arguably). He not only disputed the crown with [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon’s]] brother during almost all his reign, but also lost almost all its colonies in America.

to:

A [[LoveItOrHateIt very polarizing]] king in his home[[hottip:*:he home[[note]]he was known as “Ferdinand the Desired” '''and''' “the felon king”]] king”[[/note]] (though not the worse of the lot, arguably). He not only disputed the crown with [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon’s]] brother during almost all his reign, but also lost almost all its colonies in America.
24th Jul '13 8:23:36 PM rossyxan
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!!!Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria-Hungary

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!!!Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria-Hungary{{UsefulNotes/Austria}}-{{UsefulNotes/Hungary}}



Aka the ''other'' Kaiser, he was among Europe's longest reigning monarchs, outliving his contemporary, QueenVictoria. Also known for having endured a horrific stream of personal (and ultimately [[WorldWarI nationwide]]) disasters [[IronWoobie with nigh impregnable stride.]]

to:

Aka the ''other'' Kaiser, he was among Europe's longest reigning monarchs, outliving his contemporary, QueenVictoria.QueenVicky. Also known for having endured a horrific stream of personal (and ultimately [[WorldWarI nationwide]]) disasters [[IronWoobie with nigh impregnable stride.]]
]]



!!!Leopold II, King of Belgium

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!!!Leopold II, King of Belgium{{UsefulNotes/Belgium}}



!!!Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil

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!!!Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil{{UsefulNotes/Brazil}}



Second and last Emperor of Brazil. Highly loved and respected, not only by his own people, but also internationally, as a humble and hard-working man completely dedicated to the growth of his country (including the abolition of slavery, a controversial move at the time in Brazil). Under that public façade, however, there was a [[TheWoobie very sad man]] who [[ReluctantRuler never wanted the crown]] and resented the fact that he couldn’t have a simple life. He was deposed by a handful of hardline military leaders with no popular support; Pedro was so tired of the crown that refused to offer resistance, much to the disappointment of his people, and went to exile on his own volition.

!!!Ferdinand VII, King of Spain

to:

Second and last Emperor of Brazil. [[HundredPercentAdorationRating Highly loved and respected, respected]], not only by his own people, but also internationally, as a humble and hard-working man completely dedicated to the growth of his country (including the abolition of slavery, a controversial move at the time in Brazil). Under that public façade, however, there was a [[TheWoobie very sad man]] who [[ReluctantRuler never wanted the crown]] and resented the fact that he couldn’t have a simple life. He was deposed by a handful of hardline military leaders with no popular support; Pedro was so tired of the crown that refused to offer resistance, much to the disappointment of his people, and went to exile on his own volition.

!!!Ferdinand VII, King of Spain{{UsefulNotes/Spain}}



!!!Manuel II, King of Portugal

to:

!!!Manuel II, King of Portugal{{UsefulNotes/Portugal}}



!!!Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia

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!!!Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia{{UsefulNotes/Ethiopia}}



!!!Charles II, King of Spain

to:

!!!Charles II, King of Spain{{UsefulNotes/Spain}}



!!!Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

to:

!!!Joseph II, [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman EmperorEmperor]]



!!!Louis XVI, King of France

to:

!!!Louis XVI, King of France{{UsefulNotes/France}}
24th Jul '13 8:16:52 PM rossyxan
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!!!Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej), King of {[UsefulNotes/Thailand}}

to:

!!!Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej), King of {[UsefulNotes/Thailand}}{{UsefulNotes/Thailand}}



!!!Phillipe, King of Belgium
'''Dynasty''': House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (or ''Belgium'')

to:

!!!Phillipe, King of Belgium
{{UsefulNotes/Belgium}}
'''Dynasty''': House of [[QueenVicky Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Gotha]] (or ''Belgium'')



The proper title is King of the Belgians, making him the only popular monarch left in the world. Philippe took over after his father Albert II abdicated in July 2013 (making him the fourth monarch to do so this year after those of the Netherlands, Vatican City and Qatar). There's a lack of clarity about the name of the royal house, since they changed it in WorldWarI for more or less the same reasons as their British cousins the Windsors, but they haven't objected terribly about using the old name since then. The current King is also a first cousin of Grand Duke Henri of Belgium and a first cousin once removed of King Harald V of Norway.

!!!Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark

to:

The proper title is King of the Belgians, making him the only popular monarch left in the world. Philippe took over after his father Albert II abdicated [[AbdicateTheThrone abdicated]] in July 2013 (making him the fourth monarch to do so this year after those of the Netherlands, Vatican City and Qatar). There's a lack of clarity about the name of the royal house, since they changed it in WorldWarI for more or less the same reasons as their British cousins the Windsors, [[HouseOfWindsor Windsors]], but they haven't objected terribly about using the old name since then. The current King is also a first cousin of Grand Duke Henri of Belgium and a first cousin once removed of King Harald V of Norway.

!!!Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark{{UsefulNotes/Denmark}}



!!!Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein

to:

!!!Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein{{UsefulNotes/Liechtenstein}}



!!!Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

to:

!!!Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg{{UsefulNotes/Luxembourg}}



!!!Albert II, Prince of Monaco

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!!!Albert II, Prince of Monaco{{UsefulNotes/Monaco}}



!!!Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands

to:

!!!Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands[[UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands Netherlands]]



Ascended the throne upon the abdication of his mother on April 30, 2013. The first reigning King of the Netherlands since ''1890'', his predecessors (Queens Wilhelmina, Juliana and Beatrix) all having been queens regnant. A sports fan and water conservationist.

!!!Harald V, King of Norway

to:

Ascended the throne upon the abdication [[AbdicateTheThrone abdication]] of his mother on April 30, 2013. The first reigning King of the Netherlands since ''1890'', his predecessors (Queens Wilhelmina, Juliana and Beatrix) all having been queens regnant. A sports fan and water conservationist.

!!!Harald V, King of Norway{{UsefulNotes/Norway}}



The first Norwegian king in recent times to actually be born in Norway. Norway also adopted an Absolute Primogeniture at about the same time as Sweden, but let the then-crown prince keep his role rather than switching it to his older sister.

!!!Juan Carlos I, King of Spain

to:

The first Norwegian king in recent times to actually be born in Norway. Norway also adopted an Absolute Primogeniture at about the same time as Sweden, but let the then-crown prince then-Crown Prince keep his role rather than switching it to his older sister.

!!!Juan Carlos I, King of Spain{{UsefulNotes/Spain}}



Full name Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, King of Spain since 1975. Restored Spanish democracy (after decades of Francoist rule). Famously told Hugo Chávez to 'shut up' after the former lambasted ex-Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar at a summit, creating an automatic MemeticMutation on the Hispanic world. Once competed in the Olympics. He also had an official picture of him appropriated for a promotional image of [[http://forum.rpg.net/showthread.php?t=190217 Magneto]] for the ''House of M'' miniseries.

!!!Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden

to:

Full name [[OverlyLongName Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Sicilias]], King of Spain since 1975. Restored Spanish democracy (after decades of Francoist [[FranciscoFranco Francoist]] rule). Famously told [[{{UsefulNotes/Venezuela}} Hugo Chávez Chávez]] to 'shut up' after the former lambasted ex-Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar at a summit, creating an automatic MemeticMutation on in the Hispanic world. Once competed in the Olympics. He also had an official picture of him appropriated for a promotional image of [[http://forum.rpg.net/showthread.php?t=190217 Magneto]] for the ''House of M'' miniseries.

!!!Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden{{UsefulNotes/Sweden}}



The only references to the monarchy of Sweden in English that troper are aware of are the song "Minnie the Moocher", and ''Webcomic/CaseyAndAndy'', in which the man himself was a freeloader who did nothing but sit on the couch all day. The Swedish monarchy was the first to adopt "Equal" or "Absolute Primogeniture" in 1980, meaning that the eldest child inherits the throne regardless of their gender. This meant that the, at the time 7 months old, then Crown Prince Carl Philip was stripped of his status in favour of his older sister Victoria. Crown Princess Victoria was the only direct female heir apparent of a throne in the world for 33 years.

!!!Francis, Pope of the Vatican City

to:

The only references to the monarchy of Sweden in English that troper most are aware of are the song "Minnie the Moocher", Moocher" and ''Webcomic/CaseyAndAndy'', in which the man himself was a freeloader who did nothing but sit on the couch all day. The Swedish monarchy was the first to adopt "Equal" 'Equal' or "Absolute Primogeniture" 'Absolute Primogeniture' in 1980, meaning that the eldest child inherits the throne regardless of their gender. This meant that the, at the time 7 months old, then Crown then-Crown Prince Carl Philip was stripped of his status in favour of his older sister Victoria. Crown Princess Victoria was the only direct female heir apparent of a throne in the world for 33 years.

!!!Francis, Pope of the Vatican CityUsefulNotes/VaticanCity



[[ElectiveMonarchy Elected monarch]] of the Vatican City and, by extention, of Catholic Church. While the Roman Catholic papacy is not a ''typical'' monarchy, the Pope is nonetheless a major player in world politics and a spiritual leader for the over 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and the first from the Americas. See ThePope.

to:

[[ElectiveMonarchy Elected monarch]] of the Vatican City and, by extention, of the Catholic Church. While the Roman Catholic papacy is not a ''typical'' monarchy, the Pope is nonetheless a major player in world politics and a spiritual leader for the over 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and the first from the Americas. See ThePope.



!!!Tupou VI, King of Tonga

to:

!!!Tupou VI, King of Tonga{{UsefulNotes/Tonga}}



!!!Wilhelm II, (last) Kaiser of Germany

to:

!!!Wilhelm II, (last) Kaiser of Germany[[UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany Germany]]



His role in the [[WorldWarOne First World War]] naturally made him a hate figure among the Allies. He had a withered left arm, and wasn't a Nazi. Seriously. Every time people make that mistake, one of us history nerds gets boils from the raw stupid. Also, he had an awesome hat. Also, he was the oldest grandchild of QueenVicky.

* His full title was (brace yourself): His Imperial and Royal Majesty William the Second, by the Grace of God, German Emperor and King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, Burgrave of Nuremberg, Count of Hohenzollern, Duke of Silesia and of the County of Glatz, Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine and of Posen, Duke in Saxony, of Angria, of Westphalia, of Pomerania and of Lunenburg, Duke of Schleswig, of Holstein and of Crossen, Duke of Magdeburg, of Bremen, of Guelderland and of Jülich, Cleves and Berg, Duke of the Wends and the Kashubians, of Lauenburg and of Mecklenburg, Landgrave of Hesse and in Thuringia, Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia, Prince of Orange, of Rugen, of East Friesland, of Paderborn and of Pyrmont, Prince of Halberstadt, of Münster, of Minden, of Osnabrück, of Hildesheim, of Verden, of Kammin, of Fulda, of Nassau and of Moers, Princely Count of Henneberg, Count of the Mark, of Ravensberg, of Hohenstein, of Tecklenburg and of Lingen, Count of Mansfeld, of Sigmaringen and of Veringen, Lord of Frankfurt.

to:

His role in the [[WorldWarOne First World War]] naturally made him a hate figure among the Allies. He had a withered left arm, arm and wasn't a Nazi. Seriously. Every time people make that mistake, one of us history nerds gets boils from the raw stupid. Also, he had an awesome hat. Also, he was the oldest grandchild of QueenVicky.

* His [[OverlyLongName full title title]] was (brace yourself): His Imperial and Royal Majesty William the Second, by the Grace of God, German Emperor and King of Prussia, Margrave of Brandenburg, Burgrave of Nuremberg, Count of Hohenzollern, Duke of Silesia and of the County of Glatz, Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine and of Posen, Duke in Saxony, of Angria, of Westphalia, of Pomerania and of Lunenburg, Duke of Schleswig, of Holstein and of Crossen, Duke of Magdeburg, of Bremen, of Guelderland and of Jülich, Cleves and Berg, Duke of the Wends and the Kashubians, of Lauenburg and of Mecklenburg, Landgrave of Hesse and in Thuringia, Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia, Prince of Orange, of Rugen, of East Friesland, of Paderborn and of Pyrmont, Prince of Halberstadt, of Münster, of Minden, of Osnabrück, of Hildesheim, of Verden, of Kammin, of Fulda, of Nassau and of Moers, Princely Count of Henneberg, Count of the Mark, of Ravensberg, of Hohenstein, of Tecklenburg and of Lingen, Count of Mansfeld, of Sigmaringen and of Veringen, Lord of Frankfurt.



!!!Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia

to:

!!!Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia[[TsaristRussia Russia]]



Last Tsar of Russia before the February Revolution, and generally portrayed as a nice but hopeless chap who was caught up in events too big for him to handle. Currently an Orthodox Saint.

* Whose own full title happened to be: Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan, King of Poland, Tsar of Siberia, Tsar of Tauric Chersonesos, Tsar of Georgia, Lord of Pskov, and Grand Duke of Smolensk, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podolia, and Finland, Prince of Estonia, Livonia, Courland and Semigalia, Samogitia, Belostok, Karelia, of Tver, Yugra, Perm, Vyatka, Bulgaria, and other territories; Lord and Grand Duke of Nizhny Novgorod, Chernigov; Sovereign of Ryazan, Polotsk, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Beloozero, Udoria, Obdoria, Kondia, Vitebsk, Mstislav, and all the northern territories; and Sovereign of Iveria, Kartalinia, and the Kabardinian lands and Armenian territories; Hereditary Lord and Ruler of the Cherkass and Mountain Princes and others; Lord of Turkestan, Heir of Norway, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Oldenburg, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth.

to:

Last Tsar of Russia before the [[RomanovsAndRevolutions February Revolution, Revolution]] and generally portrayed as a nice but hopeless chap who was caught up in events too big for him to handle. Currently an Orthodox Saint.

* Whose own [[OverlyLongName full title title]] happened to be: Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias, of Moscow, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod, Tsar of Kazan, Tsar of Astrakhan, King of Poland, Tsar of Siberia, Tsar of Tauric Chersonesos, Tsar of Georgia, Lord of Pskov, and Grand Duke of Smolensk, Lithuania, Volhynia, Podolia, and Finland, Prince of Estonia, Livonia, Courland and Semigalia, Samogitia, Belostok, Karelia, of Tver, Yugra, Perm, Vyatka, Bulgaria, and other territories; Lord and Grand Duke of Nizhny Novgorod, Chernigov; Sovereign of Ryazan, Polotsk, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Beloozero, Udoria, Obdoria, Kondia, Vitebsk, Mstislav, and all the northern territories; and Sovereign of Iveria, Kartalinia, and the Kabardinian lands and Armenian territories; Hereditary Lord and Ruler of the Cherkass and Mountain Princes and others; Lord of Turkestan, Heir of Norway, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Oldenburg, and so forth, and so forth, and so forth.



* Grand Duchess Anastasia (Romanov): When she wasn't found among the executed Romanovs, many thought she was alive and a number of movies have been made about her. As it turns out, she ''was'' among the executed Romanovs. [[HistoryMarchesOn Ah well]].

to:

* Grand Duchess Anastasia {{WesternAnimation/Anastasia}} (Romanov): When she wasn't found among the executed Romanovs, many thought she was alive and a number of movies have been made about her. As it turns out, she ''was'' among the executed Romanovs. [[HistoryMarchesOn Ah well]].
24th Jul '13 8:01:25 PM rossyxan
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!!!Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia

to:

!!!Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, King of Saudi ArabiaUsefulNotes/SaudiArabia



Son of Abdulaziz, who created the modern Arabian state in 1902, King Abdullah is the fifth of his 65 children to rule the largest Arab monarchy in the world today. Unlike most other examples on this list, most of which are constitutional monarchies where the monarch has limited effective power, Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, and Abdullah has tremendous rein over the government.
* In addition, the crown of Saudi Arabia is an elective monarchy that follows agnatic seniority as a general guideline. As a result, the heir-presumptive is the eldest surviving ''brother'' of the King, and is usually made heir-apparent (Crown Prince) by a vote of the Allegiance Council--a group of the 30 or so most senior princes of the House. At present, the heir is Salman bin Abdul Aziz, aged 76; he is the third Crown Prince during the reign of King Abdullah (previous Crown Princes Sultan and Nayef, died in 2011 and 2012).

!!!Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum of the United Arab Emirates

to:

Son of Abdulaziz, who created the modern Arabian state in 1902, King Abdullah is the fifth of his [[TooManyBabies 65 children children]] to rule the largest Arab monarchy in the world today. Unlike most other examples on this list, most of which are constitutional monarchies where the monarch has limited effective power, Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, and Abdullah has tremendous rein over the government.
* In addition, the crown of Saudi Arabia is an elective monarchy ElectiveMonarchy that follows agnatic seniority as a general guideline. As a result, the heir-presumptive is the eldest surviving ''brother'' of the King, and is usually made heir-apparent heir apparent (Crown Prince) by a vote of the Allegiance Council--a Council -- a group of the 30 thirty or so most senior princes of the House. At present, the heir is Salman bin Abdul Aziz, aged 76; he is the third Crown Prince during the reign of King Abdullah (previous Crown Princes Sultan and Nayef, died in 2011 and 2012).

!!!Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum of the United Arab EmiratesUsefulNotes/UnitedArabEmirates



A very atypical monarchy. The UAE are a union of emirates, each ruled by a different emir, joined in a federation recognized worldwide as one state. The job of President of UAE goes to the Emir of Abu Dhabi (Khalifa) and the job of Prime Minister goes to the Emir of Dubai (Mohammed). Khalifa is known for his philanthropy while Mohammed is a fanatic of thoroughbred horse racing.

to:

A very atypical monarchy. The UAE are a union of emirates, each ruled by a different emir, joined in a federation recognized worldwide as one state. The job of President of UAE goes to the Emir of Abu Dhabi (Khalifa) and the job of Prime Minister goes to the Emir of Dubai (Mohammed). Khalifa is known for his philanthropy while Mohammed is a fanatic of thoroughbred [[HorseRacing horse racing.racing]].



!!!Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, King of Bhutan
'''Dynasty''': House of Wangchuck

to:

!!!Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, King of Bhutan
{{UsefulNotes/Bhutan}}
'''Dynasty''': House of Wangchuck[[InherentlyFunnyWords Wangchuck]]



Known in his country as the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) of Bhutan, he assumed the throne in 2006 when his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated in his favour as part of a managed transition to democracy. He has dedicated mainly to promote Buddhism outside his country. He also seems to be EstrogenBrigadeBait, which became apparent when he assisted the crowning of Rama IX and ended up attracting hordes of female fans (he was nicknamed “PrinceCharming” by the media).

to:

Known in his country as the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) of Bhutan, he assumed the throne in 2006 when his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated in his favour as part of a managed transition to democracy. He has dedicated mainly to promote Buddhism outside his country. He also seems to be EstrogenBrigadeBait, which became apparent when he assisted the crowning of Rama IX and ended up attracting hordes of female fans (he was nicknamed “PrinceCharming” 'PrinceCharming' by the media).



!!!Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan of Brunei

to:

!!!Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan of Brunei{{UsefulNotes/Brunei}}



Currently the 29th Sultan of Brunei who has been ruling for over 45 years. Is well love by his subjects for sharing the country's wealth from Oil and Gas to help the people's welfare. The Sultan is Sandhurst graduate and has a large car collection. Also his late father and Queen Elizabeth II were good friends.

!!!Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia

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Currently the 29th Sultan of Brunei who has been ruling for over [[LongRunner 45 years. years]]. Is [[HundredPercentAdorationRating well love loved]] by his subjects for [[JustLikeRobinHood sharing the country's wealth from Oil and Gas to help the people's welfare.welfare]]. The Sultan is Sandhurst graduate and has a large car collection. Also his late father and Queen Elizabeth II were good friends.

!!!Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia{{UsefulNotes/Cambodia}}



An accomplished dance instructor and embassador to [=UNESCO=], owner of a BaldOfAwesome, he actually has no power more than being a symbolic figurehead. Became king in 2004 when his father abdicated. He has no children, but that’s not a problem because the King is chosen by a council, even if an heir existed. Cambodia is a really odd country in that it's a constitutional monarchy in the complete sense, i.e. the king does nothing, but the ''Prime Minister'' (the ex-communist Hun Sen) runs a fairly repressive regime. The only other places in modern history where this arrangement lasted any significant amount of time are UsefulNotes/FascistItaly, ImperialJapan, and a few stints of dictatorship in Thailand. (Other constitutional monarchies have been authoritarian regimes, of course, but the king tends to have power and ''not'' be a mere figurehead.)

!!!Abdul Halim, King of Malaysia

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An accomplished dance instructor and embassador ambassador to [=UNESCO=], [=UNESCO=] and owner of a BaldOfAwesome, he BaldOfAwesome. He actually has no power more power, other than being a symbolic figurehead. Became king in 2004 when his father abdicated. He has no children, but that’s not a problem because the King is chosen by a council, even if an heir existed. Cambodia is a really odd country in that it's a constitutional monarchy in the complete sense, i.e. ie the king does nothing, but the ''Prime Minister'' (the ex-communist Hun Sen) runs a fairly repressive regime. The only other places in modern history where this arrangement lasted any significant amount of time are UsefulNotes/FascistItaly, ImperialJapan, and a few stints of dictatorship in Thailand. (Other constitutional monarchies have been authoritarian regimes, of course, but the king tends to have power and ''not'' be a mere figurehead.)

!!!Abdul Halim, King of Malaysia{{UsefulNotes/Malaysia}}



Actually, his title is Yang di-Pertuan Agong, meaning “He who is made Lord”. Full name Almu'tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah. The Malaysian monarchy is unique because the ruler is elected from the Rulers of the Malay states by a council and is rotated on a five-year period basis. Mostly ceremonial.

!!!Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej), King of Thailand

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Actually, his title is Yang di-Pertuan Agong, meaning “He 'He who is made Lord”.Lord'. Full name Almu'tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah. The Malaysian monarchy is unique because the ruler is elected [[ElectiveMonarchy elected]] from the Rulers of the Malay states by a council and is rotated on a five-year period basis. Mostly ceremonial.

!!!Rama IX (Bhumibol Adulyadej), King of Thailand{[UsefulNotes/Thailand}}



Longest-reigning head of state in the world today, much beloved anyway but also subject of a cult of personality that all but deifies him. His great-great-great-grandfather, Rama IV (Mongkut), was the subject of the musical and film ''{{The King and I}}''. [[HilarityEnsues Hilarity ensued]] in 2007 when a flap broke out between the Thai government and Youtube over the latter's hosting a video mocking the king, an act which is illegal in Thailand. After Youtube removed the video, international visitors cried censorship, and published ''hundreds'' of similar videos. Rama himself is a CoolOldGuy who plays jazz saxophone, competes in yacht races, and is the world's only monarch to hold a patent (on a waste water aerator and a variety of rainmaking techniques, in case you were wondering). The Thais are normally calm people, but just don't insult the royal family in front of a Thai, unless you wanna receive an Ong Bak worthy hit to your vital regions all and sundry. Even in the recent and numerous ''coups d'etat'' in Thailand, the first act of the new ruling bloc has been to swear its loyalty to the king.

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Longest-reigning Longest reigning head of state in the world today, much today. Much beloved anyway but also subject of a cult of personality that all but deifies him. His great-great-great-grandfather, Rama IV (Mongkut), (Mongkut) was the subject of the musical and film ''{{The King and I}}''. [[HilarityEnsues Hilarity ensued]] in 2007 when a flap broke out between the Thai government and Youtube {{YouTube}} over the latter's hosting a video mocking the king, an act which is illegal in Thailand. After Youtube removed the video, international visitors cried censorship, and published ''hundreds'' of similar videos. Rama himself is a CoolOldGuy who plays jazz saxophone, competes in yacht races, and is the world's only monarch to hold a patent (on a waste water aerator and a variety of rainmaking techniques, in case you were wondering). The Thais are normally calm people, but just don't insult the royal family in front of a Thai, unless you wanna want to receive an Ong Bak worthy hit to your vital regions all and sundry. Even in the recent and numerous ''coups d'etat'' in Thailand, the first act of the new ruling bloc has been to swear its loyalty to the king.



!!!Akihito, Emperor of Japan

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!!!Akihito, Emperor of Japan{{UsefulNotes/Japan}}



Emperor of Japan since 1989, 125th in a line that according to tradition dates back to 660 BC. A marine biologist.

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Emperor of Japan since 1989, 125th in a line that according to tradition dates back to 660 BC. A [[RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething marine biologist.
biologist]].



!!!Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Francois Hollande, Co-Princes of Andorra

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!!!Joan Enric Vives Sicília and Francois Hollande, Co-Princes of Andorra{{UsefulNotes/Andorra}}



A very atypical monarchy. Thanks to Andorra's strange ancient constitution, the country is co-ruled by two monarchs referred to as Princes. Each of the Princes are actually from the foreign nations of France and Spain: one is the Bishop of Urgell in Spain, and the other is the President of France (originally the Count of Foix, a title which later became contiguous with the French monarchy and later the presidency). Both Princes have very few powers constitutionally.

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A very atypical monarchy. Thanks to Andorra's strange ancient constitution, the country is co-ruled by two monarchs referred to as Princes. Each of the Princes are actually from the foreign nations of France and Spain: Spain; one is the Bishop of Urgell in Spain, Spain and the other is the President of France (originally the Count of Foix, a title which later became contiguous with the French monarchy and later the presidency). Both Princes have very few powers constitutionally.
24th Jul '13 7:48:23 PM rossyxan
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!!!Mohammed VI , King of Morroco

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!!!Mohammed VI , King of Morroco{{UsefulNotes/Morocco}}



Became king in 1999, and has spent his time trying to modernize his nation. Attempts to reform the law to give women more freedom have ignited the anger of Islamic Fundamentalists.

to:

Became king in 1999, and has spent his time trying to modernize his nation. Attempts to reform the law to give women more freedom have ignited the anger of Islamic Fundamentalists.
[[{{UsefulNotes/Islam}} Islamic]] [[TheFundamentalist Fundamentalists]].



Though an absolute monarch with the power to appoint the government, he cannot appoint his own heir. Is something of an odd duck due to his indulging in polygamy (with currently fourteen wives) and also attempted to curb the [=AIDS=] epidemic by enacting a [[GodzillaThreshold five year ban on all sex in the Kingdom]] amongst women under eighteen years of age... which he then violated by marrying a 17-year-old.

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Though an absolute monarch with the power to appoint the government, he cannot appoint his own heir. Is something of an odd duck due to his indulging in polygamy [[UsefulNotes/ForTheLoveOfMany polygamy]] (with currently fourteen wives) and also attempted to curb the [=AIDS=] epidemic by enacting a [[GodzillaThreshold five year ban on all sex in the Kingdom]] amongst women under eighteen years of age... age ... which he then violated by marrying a 17-year-old.
17 year old.



!!!Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain

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!!!Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain{{UsefulNotes/Bahrain}}



Previously a Sheikdom, Hamad proclaimed Bahrain as a kingdom in 2002. Since he is a Sunni Muslim he gives them more power and benefits, to the detriment of the majority Shia of the country; this in turn has contributed to the unrest of the country during the protests in the Arab World. Curiously, most don’t have a problem with him being in the power; the problem is with the rest of his government.

!!!Abdullah II, King of Jordan

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Previously a Sheikdom, Hamad proclaimed Bahrain as a kingdom in 2002. Since he is a Sunni Muslim Muslim, he gives them more power and benefits, to the detriment of the majority Shia of the country; this in turn has contributed to the unrest of the country during the protests in the Arab World. Curiously, most don’t have a problem with him being in the power; the problem is with the rest of his government.

!!!Abdullah II, King of Jordan{{UsefulNotes/Jordan}}



!!!Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait

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!!!Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait{{UsefulNotes/Kuwait}}



Proof of the fact that, smaller the country, bigger the power the monarch has. Sabah IV has full power to appoint and dismiss anyone on his government and is immune and inviolable regarding the law. He enjoys frequent trips to Oman, where he owns an island. He also is an advocate for women’s rights, an oddity in the Middle East.

to:

Proof of the fact that, smaller the country, bigger the power the monarch has. Sabah IV has full power to appoint and dismiss anyone on his government and is immune and inviolable regarding the law. He enjoys frequent trips to Oman, where he owns an island. [[IslandBase island]]. He also is an advocate for women’s rights, an oddity [[ValuesResonance oddity]] in the Middle East.



He assumed power when he headed a coup d’etat against his father, who had him under house arrest. A classical music fan.

!!!Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of Qatar

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He assumed power when he headed a [[MilitaryCoup coup d’etat d’etat]] against his father, who had him under house arrest. A [[CulturedBadass classical music fan.

fan]].

!!!Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of Qatar{{UsefulNotes/Qatar}}



He too took the crown after his father abdicated in favour of him in 2013.

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He too took the crown after his father abdicated [[AbdicateTheThrone abdicated]] in favour of him in 2013.
24th Jul '13 7:34:24 PM rossyxan
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While the Roman Catholic papacy is not a monarchy in the ''typical'' sense of the term, the Pope is nonetheless a major player in world politics and a spiritual leader for the over 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and the first from the Americas. See ThePope.

to:

[[ElectiveMonarchy Elected monarch]] of the Vatican City and, by extention, of Catholic Church. While the Roman Catholic papacy is not a monarchy in the ''typical'' sense of the term, monarchy, the Pope is nonetheless a major player in world politics and a spiritual leader for the over 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and the first from the Americas. See ThePope.



A very polarizing king in his home[[hottip:*:he was known as “Ferdinand the Desired” '''and''' “the felon king”]] (though not the worse of the lot, arguably). He not only disputed the crown with Napoleon’s brother during almost all his reign, but also lost almost all its colonies in America.

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A [[LoveItOrHateIt very polarizing polarizing]] king in his home[[hottip:*:he was known as “Ferdinand the Desired” '''and''' “the felon king”]] (though not the worse of the lot, arguably). He not only disputed the crown with Napoleon’s [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon’s]] brother during almost all his reign, but also lost almost all its colonies in America.
24th Jul '13 7:30:26 PM rossyxan
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Added DiffLines:

!!!Louis XVI, King of France
'''Dynasty''': House of Bourbon
'''Born, died''': 1754 -- 1793
'''Reign''': 1774 -- 1792
[[quoteright:120:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/royalstandardfrancesml_8492.png]]

Married to MarieAntoinette, sister of the above Joseph II. He provided important aid to the American colonists during TheAmericanRevolution, sending money, supplies and troops to support the rebels, although this hastened France's eventual bankruptcy and he was unable to fix the failing finances left by his grandfather Louis XV. Unrest erupted throughout the country, resulting in The French Revolution. He was eventually [[OffWithHisHead executed by guillotine]] by French republicans for his alleged crimes.
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