History Main / OnlyPointTwoPercentDifferent

31st Mar '17 5:06:25 AM Willbyr
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[[quoteright:350:[[LightNovel/CatPlanetCuties http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/shot677.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]][[CatGirl She]] also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a [[PlanetOfHats planet called Earth]].[[/note]]]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]][[CatGirl She]] also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a [[PlanetOfHats planet called Earth]].[[/note]]]]
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* The Angels in ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', who despite being a species of [[EldritchAbomination bizarre, physics-bending monsters]], some of which look 'very' different from humans, share 99.89% of their DNA with humans [[spoiler:(although is complicated a bit by the fact that the angels are humans. [[MindScrew Maybe.]])]] Though the reasoning for this is a bit sketchy. According to Ritsuko, the Angels are made of HardLight, and she found a strange sequence of HardLight in the Angel's tissues. Which for some reason she decided to compare to the human genome and came up with this trope.

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* The Angels in ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', who despite being a species of [[EldritchAbomination bizarre, physics-bending monsters]], some of which look 'very' different from humans, share 99.89% of their DNA with humans [[spoiler:(although is complicated a bit by the fact that the angels Angels are humans. [[MindScrew Maybe.]])]] Though the reasoning for this is a bit sketchy. According to Ritsuko, the Angels are made of HardLight, and she found a strange sequence of HardLight in the Angel's tissues. Which tissues, which for some reason she decided to compare to the human genome and came up with this trope.



* The Catians in ''LightNovel/CatPlanetCuties'' reveal that the genetic difference between their race and humans is not even as large as 0.2%. [[spoiler: There's only about a 0.00001% (One One-Hundred-Thousandth) genetic difference between the two species, and this plays a plot point later on in the anime.]]

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* The Catians in ''LightNovel/CatPlanetCuties'' reveal that the genetic difference between their race and humans is not even as large as 0.2%. [[spoiler: There's [[spoiler:There's only about a 0.00001% (One One-Hundred-Thousandth) genetic difference between the two species, and this plays a plot point later on in the anime.]]
11th Mar '17 11:34:57 AM nombretomado
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* Solid Snake and Liquid Snake are {{retcon}}ned into being 0.2% different in ''MetalGearSolid4'', to explain why Snake's FOX-DIE infection isn't killing him. This leads to plot holes seeing as 0.2% difference is actually significantly larger in genetic terms than the practical difference between Solid and Liquid (who are identical twins).

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* Solid Snake and Liquid Snake are {{retcon}}ned into being 0.2% different in ''MetalGearSolid4'', ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4GunsOfThePatriots'', to explain why Snake's FOX-DIE infection isn't killing him. This leads to plot holes seeing as 0.2% difference is actually significantly larger in genetic terms than the practical difference between Solid and Liquid (who are identical twins).
4th Mar '17 4:15:59 PM AnotherDuck
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'''House:''' It�s off by one percentage point.\\
'''Foreman:''' It�s within range. It�s normal.\\
'''House:''' If her DNA was off by one percentage point she�d be a dolphin.

to:

'''House:''' It�s It's off by one percentage point.\\
'''Foreman:''' It�s It's within range. It�s It's normal.\\
'''House:''' If her DNA was off by one percentage point she�d she'd be a dolphin.



* In reality, there are fairly common cases of an additional chromosome. "Down's Syndrome" is actually one of the more benign duplicate chromosomes: in fact, only duplicate sex chromosomes are less harmful. A duplicate of any chromosome other than 21 or 23 drastically shortens your lifespan. Full trisomies of any chromosome other than 13, 18, 21, X or Y are incompatible with life, and cause miscarriage. Partial trisomies can be survivable however.



* DNA does not work the way most people think it does. A lot of it has to do with things like the basic functioning of cells (breaking down complex molecules for energy, reproducing, and so on), which is pretty much the same for ''any'' cell, so it's hardly surprising that the DNA coding for the proteins involved in those processes is quite similar across species.
* Plants often do handle polysomies better than animals do. Sometimes, these polysomies happen naturally, other times they are created artificially by selective breeding. [[note]] For example, triploid hybrid marigolds, which are hybrids created to give gardeners the nice, short bushy growth habits of [[NonindicativeName French marigolds]], and the large, ruffly, pom-pom-like flowers of [[NonindicativeName African marigolds]]. They are sterile, so although they flower, they don't produce viable seeds. [[/note]]

to:

* DNA does not work the way most people think it does. A lot of it has to do with things like the basic functioning of cells (breaking down complex molecules for energy, reproducing, and so on), which is pretty much the same for ''any'' cell, so it's hardly surprising that the DNA coding for the proteins involved in those processes is quite similar across species.
* Plants often do handle polysomies better than animals do. Sometimes, these polysomies happen naturally, other times they are created artificially by selective breeding. [[note]] For example, triploid hybrid marigolds, which are hybrids created to give gardeners the nice, short bushy growth habits of [[NonindicativeName French marigolds]], and the large, ruffly, pom-pom-like flowers of [[NonindicativeName African marigolds]]. They are sterile, so although they flower, they don't produce viable seeds. [[/note]]
4th Mar '17 3:08:22 AM eroock
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There are a few problems with this. The first is that humans aren't their DNA, so even if the DNA is very similar to that of some other being, it doesn't always tell a lot about what that being is actually like. Among humans with very similar DNA types, the variation is huge, and humans are not even a genetically diverse species compared with the norm among animals. [[NatureVersusNurture Even twins with identical DNA can turn out very different]] if some environmental input in the womb or after birth changes one of them, like an accident or brain trauma.

The second is that the seemingly small difference in percentage could still be referring to a huge number of genes of varying importance (or even all of them, as in theory 0.2% could mean every gene is different by 0.2%, making its resulting peptide very different chemically).

The third is that, between the gene and the human, there are millions of complex connections, causal chains, and effects that make even one small difference in genes potentially magnify at larger levels (as in some genetic disorders).

The fourth is that the most often used examples, humans and chimpanzees, are astonishingly different in many respects despite the DNA similarity, making it a little awkward.

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There are a few problems with this. The first is that humans this:

# Humans
aren't their DNA, so even if the DNA is very similar to that of some other being, it doesn't always tell a lot about what that being is actually like. Among humans with very similar DNA types, the variation is huge, and humans are not even a genetically diverse species compared with the norm among animals. [[NatureVersusNurture Even twins with identical DNA can turn out very different]] if some environmental input in the womb or after birth changes one of them, like an accident or brain trauma.

trauma.
#
The second is that the seemingly small difference in percentage could still be referring to a huge number of genes of varying importance (or even all of them, as in theory 0.2% could mean every gene is different by 0.2%, making its resulting peptide very different chemically).

The third is that, between
chemically).
# Between
the gene and the human, human there are millions of complex connections, causal chains, and effects that make even one small difference in genes potentially magnify at larger levels (as in some genetic disorders).

disorders).
#
The fourth is that the most often used examples, humans and chimpanzees, are astonishingly different in many respects despite the DNA similarity, making it a little awkward.
22nd Dec '16 12:46:34 PM HeSupplanted
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* The Angels in ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' [[spoiler:(though the actual reason involves panspermia)]]. Though the reasoning for this is a bit sketchy. According to Ritsuko, the Angels are made of HardLight, and she found a strange sequence of HardLight in the Angel's tissues. Which for some reason she decided to compare to the human genome and came up with this trope.

to:

* The Angels in ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' [[spoiler:(though ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', who despite being a species of [[EldritchAbomination bizarre, physics-bending monsters]], some of which look 'very' different from humans, share 99.89% of their DNA with humans [[spoiler:(although is complicated a bit by the actual reason involves panspermia)]]. fact that the angels are humans. [[MindScrew Maybe.]])]] Though the reasoning for this is a bit sketchy. According to Ritsuko, the Angels are made of HardLight, and she found a strange sequence of HardLight in the Angel's tissues. Which for some reason she decided to compare to the human genome and came up with this trope.
27th Nov '16 3:19:13 PM AtticusOmundson
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[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]][[{{Catgirl}} She]] also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a [[PlanetOfHats planet called Earth]].[[/note]]]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]][[{{Catgirl}} [[note]][[CatGirl She]] also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a [[PlanetOfHats planet called Earth]].[[/note]]]]
27th Nov '16 3:16:47 PM AtticusOmundson
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[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]]She also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a planet called Earth.[[/note]]]]

to:

[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]]She [[note]][[{{Catgirl}} She]] also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a [[PlanetOfHats planet called Earth.Earth]].[[/note]]]]
27th Nov '16 9:14:39 AM AtticusOmundson
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[[caption-width-right:350:Or 0.00001% in some cases.[[note]]She also [[AliensSpeakingEnglish speaks our language]] and comes from a planet called Earth.[[/note]]]]
22nd Oct '16 5:55:26 PM Discar
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'''House:''' Its off by one percentage point.\\
'''Foreman:''' Its within range. Its normal.\\
'''House:''' If her DNA was off by one percentage point shed be a dolphin.

to:

'''House:''' Its It�s off by one percentage point.\\
'''Foreman:''' Its It�s within range. Its It�s normal.\\
'''House:''' If her DNA was off by one percentage point shed she�d be a dolphin.



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20th Aug '16 1:06:51 PM Medinoc
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* The entire premise of ABC's one-season-wonder ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0128419/ Prey]]'' was based on a killer strain of humanity with the same genetic variance from ''homo sapiens'' as exists between us and chimpanzees. Also, they were caused by global warming. The idea being that a localized acceleration of global warming accelerated human adaptation to that phenomenon among a particular population, who then spread out in secret among the rest of humanity. The show named [[ComicBook/XMen them]] ''[[ComicBook/{{Magneto}} Homo dominus]]''. For some reason, this new species not only has a higher level of intelligence but also completely lacks emotions beyond an irrational need to breaks necks of helpless monkeys to show their superiority.

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* The entire premise of ABC's one-season-wonder ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0128419/ Prey]]'' was based on a killer strain of humanity with the same genetic variance from ''homo sapiens'' as exists between us and chimpanzees.chimpanzees (in-series, 1.6%). Also, they were caused by global warming. The idea being that a localized acceleration of global warming accelerated human adaptation to that phenomenon among a particular population, who then spread out in secret among the rest of humanity. The show named [[ComicBook/XMen them]] ''[[ComicBook/{{Magneto}} Homo dominus]]''. For some reason, this new species not only has a higher level of intelligence but also completely lacks emotions beyond an irrational need to breaks necks of helpless monkeys to show their superiority.
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