History Main / NormanLear

29th Jan '13 2:15:15 PM MattFisherNL
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Norman Milton Lear (born July 27, 1922) is an Emmy and Peabody Award winning and AcademyAward nominated television writer, producer, screenwriter and occasional voice actor best known for being the creator, producer or developer of a number of [[SitCom sitcom]] megahits in [[TheSeventies 1970s]] including ''AllInTheFamily'', ''TheJeffersons'', ''{{Maude}}'', ''GoodTimes'' and ''SanfordAndSon'' (with Bud Yorkin) among others. Lear's sitcoms are fondly remembered amongst the best of era and as revolutionary [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]] of the socially conscious SitCom as his shows often dealt frankly (even by today's standards) with social issues of the day and breaking taboos of the day (everything from ''AllInTheFamily'' having the first audible toilet to ''{{Maude}}'' featuring the first sitcom character to get an abortion) without being overly preachy. Lear's various production companies continued pumping out sitcoms through TheEighties and into TheNineties (''DiffrentStrokes'', ''WhosTheBoss'' and ''TheFactsOfLife'' among them) before hitting a bit of a lull with a string of shows that got ScrewedByTheNetwork after only a few episodes and generally aren't as highly regarded (or well remembered) as his early work.

Lear is also known for being a social and political activist for liberal causes (often of the 1st Amendment variety) having founded the progressive advocacy group People For the American Way and often contributing to Democrat campaigns. He's also credited by Rob Reiner (who had acted on Lear's ''All in the Family'') as having helped jump start his directing career by fronting the money for ''ThisIsSpinalTap''. As of late he's become close friends with Creator/TreyParkerAndMattStone of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' fame having voice acted in a couple episodes, being credited as a consultant on a few others and even officiating Trey Parker's wedding.
----
!!List of Works
[[AC: Films Written]]
* ''Come Blow Your Horn'' (1963)
* ''Divorce American Style'' (1967) - AcademyAward nomination for Best Original Screenplay
* ''The Night They Raided Minsky's'' (1968)
* ''Film/ColdTurkey'' (1971)

[[AC: Notable TV Shows Created or Produced]]
* ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' (1971-1979)
* ''SanfordAndSon'' (1972-1977)
* ''{{Maude}}'' (1972-1978)
* ''GoodTimes'' (1974-1979)
* ''TheJeffersons'' (1975-1985)
* ''OneDayAtATime'' (1975-1984)
* ''Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman'' (1976-1977)

----
!!This writer's work contains examples of:
* {{Anvilicious}}: Subtlety about social issues was rarely a major feature in Lear's series.
* AfterShow[=/=]FromTheAshes: ''All in the Family'' had one in the form of ''ArchieBunkersPlace'', and ''Sanford and Son'' had ''two'' in the form of ''The Sanford Arms'' and ''{{Sanford}}'', but Lear wasn't involved with either of them.
* CerebusSyndrome: Every now and then, individual episodes of Lear's show would get this. The ''Good Times'' episode "The Big Move" probably had the cruelest case.
* CulturalTranslation: ''All In The Family'' and ''Sanford and Son'' were adaptations of the {{Brit Com}}s ''Til Death Do Us Part'' and ''SteptoeAndSon'', respectively.
* DownerEnding: Quite a few memorable episodes of Lear's shows would start off pretty light, but drop one of these on the audience's lap.
* ExecutiveMeddling: Lear intended to end ''All in the Family'' after season 8 and gave the show a fitting SeriesFauxnale that resolved the main plotline but CBS decided to carry the show on for another season and four more seasons as the retooled ''ArchieBunkersPlace'' without Lear.
* GrandFinale: ''Good Times'', ''One Day at a Time'' and ''Maude'' all received these.
* LongRunners: ''The Jeffersons'' (11 seasons, 253 episodes), ''One Day at a Time'' (9 seasons, 209 episodes) and ''All in the Family'' (9 seasons, 208 episodes)[[hottip:* : That stretches out to 13 seasons and 305 episodes if you count ''Archie Bunker's Place'' and its 4 seasons that contained 97 episodes.]]. Though only the first two were under his supervision for the entire duration.
* OnlySaneMan: Lamont of ''Sanford and Son''.
* PerpetualPoverty: ''Sanford and Son'' and ''Good Times'' both ran on this trope. Any time it seemed like the characters were going to get out of their situation StatusQuoIsGod would kick in put them back in their place.
* PoorlyDisguisedPilot: ''Maude'' and ''The Jeffersons'' both got these on ''All In The Family'' in the second and fifth seasons respectively.
** The short lived ''Gloria'' received one on ''Archie Bunker's Place''.
* ReTool: Both ''All In The Family'' and ''Sanford And Son'' received these without Lear's involvement.
** Lear tried to initiate one of these to save ''Maude'' by ending the sixth season with most of the supporting cast being PutOnABus, Maude winning a seat in Congress and moving to Washington DC with her husband. It was never tried out beyond the initial setup though since the network decided to end the show and BeaArthur decided to move on to other projects at about the same time. As such, the set up ends up working pretty well as an accidental GrandFinale for the series.
* ScrewedByTheNetwork: ''The Jeffersons'' never received a proper series finale and was cancelled without warning (lead actor Sherman Hemsley didn't even know until he read it in the paper) despite being Lear's longest running sitcom. ''{{Maude}}'' was also killed by a combination of this due to its plummeting ratings and BeaArthur deciding to move on from the role.
* SeriesFauxnale: "The Stivics Go West" for ''All In The Family''.
* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives (or a long suffering son in the case of ''SanfordAndSon''), sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.
* SpinOff: ''AllInTheFamily'' was the launching pad for more than any other show in TV history, its spin-offs even had their spin-offs! The mothership spun off several successful shows including ''{{Maude}}'', ''The Jeffersons'' and a ReTool / AfterShow called ''Archie Bunker's Place'' (without Lear's involvement). Then ''{{Maude}}'' spun off ''Good Times'', ''The Jeffersons'' spun off ''Checking In'' and ''Archie Bunker's Place'' spun off ''Gloria'' but ''GoodTimes'' was the only one of these to be successful or even last more than a few episodes.
** ''Sanford and Son'' had three ill fated and forgotten ones (''Grady'', ''The Sanford Arms'' and ''{{Sanford}}'') but none of these had Lear's involvement and were the brain children of his producing partner Bud Yorkin.
* TropeCodifier: Lear's shows, especially ''All In The Family'', were this for socially conscious sitcoms.
** You can also thank him for pretty much creating the high quality African American sitcom with ''Sanford and Son'' and continuing to spearhead the movement with ''Good Times'' and ''The Jeffersons'' (which still holds the record after a quarter of a century as the longest running TV series with a primarily black cast).
* UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist: Archie Bunker of ''All In The Family'' and Fred Sanford of ''Sanford and Son'' are two of the most famous examples of this trope, George Jefferson of ''The Jeffersons'' also qualifies. To Lear's credit though all of these characters `had HiddenDepths and over time developed into fairly sympathetic characters.
* VerySpecialEpisode: All of Lear's shows had these from time to time but they often managed to avoid coming off as Anvilicious. The most famous ones are probably the ''All in the Family'' episode where Edith is nearly raped and the episode of ''{{Maude}}'' where she gets an abortion.
----

to:

Norman Milton Lear (born July 27, 1922) is an Emmy and Peabody Award winning and AcademyAward nominated television writer, producer, screenwriter and occasional voice actor best known for being the creator, producer or developer of a number of [[SitCom sitcom]] megahits in [[TheSeventies 1970s]] including ''AllInTheFamily'', ''TheJeffersons'', ''{{Maude}}'', ''GoodTimes'' and ''SanfordAndSon'' (with Bud Yorkin) among others. Lear's sitcoms are fondly remembered amongst the best of era and as revolutionary [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]] of the socially conscious SitCom as his shows often dealt frankly (even by today's standards) with social issues of the day and breaking taboos of the day (everything from ''AllInTheFamily'' having the first audible toilet to ''{{Maude}}'' featuring the first sitcom character to get an abortion) without being overly preachy. Lear's various production companies continued pumping out sitcoms through TheEighties and into TheNineties (''DiffrentStrokes'', ''WhosTheBoss'' and ''TheFactsOfLife'' among them) before hitting a bit of a lull with a string of shows that got ScrewedByTheNetwork after only a few episodes and generally aren't as highly regarded (or well remembered) as his early work.

Lear is also known for being a social and political activist for liberal causes (often of the 1st Amendment variety) having founded the progressive advocacy group People For the American Way and often contributing to Democrat campaigns. He's also credited by Rob Reiner (who had acted on Lear's ''All in the Family'') as having helped jump start his directing career by fronting the money for ''ThisIsSpinalTap''. As of late he's become close friends with Creator/TreyParkerAndMattStone of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' fame having voice acted in a couple episodes, being credited as a consultant on a few others and even officiating Trey Parker's wedding.
----
!!List of Works
[[AC: Films Written]]
* ''Come Blow Your Horn'' (1963)
* ''Divorce American Style'' (1967) - AcademyAward nomination for Best Original Screenplay
* ''The Night They Raided Minsky's'' (1968)
* ''Film/ColdTurkey'' (1971)

[[AC: Notable TV Shows Created or Produced]]
* ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' (1971-1979)
* ''SanfordAndSon'' (1972-1977)
* ''{{Maude}}'' (1972-1978)
* ''GoodTimes'' (1974-1979)
* ''TheJeffersons'' (1975-1985)
* ''OneDayAtATime'' (1975-1984)
* ''Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman'' (1976-1977)

----
!!This writer's work contains examples of:
* {{Anvilicious}}: Subtlety about social issues was rarely a major feature in Lear's series.
* AfterShow[=/=]FromTheAshes: ''All in the Family'' had one in the form of ''ArchieBunkersPlace'', and ''Sanford and Son'' had ''two'' in the form of ''The Sanford Arms'' and ''{{Sanford}}'', but Lear wasn't involved with either of them.
* CerebusSyndrome: Every now and then, individual episodes of Lear's show would get this. The ''Good Times'' episode "The Big Move" probably had the cruelest case.
* CulturalTranslation: ''All In The Family'' and ''Sanford and Son'' were adaptations of the {{Brit Com}}s ''Til Death Do Us Part'' and ''SteptoeAndSon'', respectively.
* DownerEnding: Quite a few memorable episodes of Lear's shows would start off pretty light, but drop one of these on the audience's lap.
* ExecutiveMeddling: Lear intended to end ''All in the Family'' after season 8 and gave the show a fitting SeriesFauxnale that resolved the main plotline but CBS decided to carry the show on for another season and four more seasons as the retooled ''ArchieBunkersPlace'' without Lear.
* GrandFinale: ''Good Times'', ''One Day at a Time'' and ''Maude'' all received these.
* LongRunners: ''The Jeffersons'' (11 seasons, 253 episodes), ''One Day at a Time'' (9 seasons, 209 episodes) and ''All in the Family'' (9 seasons, 208 episodes)[[hottip:* : That stretches out to 13 seasons and 305 episodes if you count ''Archie Bunker's Place'' and its 4 seasons that contained 97 episodes.]]. Though only the first two were under his supervision for the entire duration.
* OnlySaneMan: Lamont of ''Sanford and Son''.
* PerpetualPoverty: ''Sanford and Son'' and ''Good Times'' both ran on this trope. Any time it seemed like the characters were going to get out of their situation StatusQuoIsGod would kick in put them back in their place.
* PoorlyDisguisedPilot: ''Maude'' and ''The Jeffersons'' both got these on ''All In The Family'' in the second and fifth seasons respectively.
** The short lived ''Gloria'' received one on ''Archie Bunker's Place''.
* ReTool: Both ''All In The Family'' and ''Sanford And Son'' received these without Lear's involvement.
** Lear tried to initiate one of these to save ''Maude'' by ending the sixth season with most of the supporting cast being PutOnABus, Maude winning a seat in Congress and moving to Washington DC with her husband. It was never tried out beyond the initial setup though since the network decided to end the show and BeaArthur decided to move on to other projects at about the same time. As such, the set up ends up working pretty well as an accidental GrandFinale for the series.
* ScrewedByTheNetwork: ''The Jeffersons'' never received a proper series finale and was cancelled without warning (lead actor Sherman Hemsley didn't even know until he read it in the paper) despite being Lear's longest running sitcom. ''{{Maude}}'' was also killed by a combination of this due to its plummeting ratings and BeaArthur deciding to move on from the role.
* SeriesFauxnale: "The Stivics Go West" for ''All In The Family''.
* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives (or a long suffering son in the case of ''SanfordAndSon''), sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.
* SpinOff: ''AllInTheFamily'' was the launching pad for more than any other show in TV history, its spin-offs even had their spin-offs! The mothership spun off several successful shows including ''{{Maude}}'', ''The Jeffersons'' and a ReTool / AfterShow called ''Archie Bunker's Place'' (without Lear's involvement). Then ''{{Maude}}'' spun off ''Good Times'', ''The Jeffersons'' spun off ''Checking In'' and ''Archie Bunker's Place'' spun off ''Gloria'' but ''GoodTimes'' was the only one of these to be successful or even last more than a few episodes.
** ''Sanford and Son'' had three ill fated and forgotten ones (''Grady'', ''The Sanford Arms'' and ''{{Sanford}}'') but none of these had Lear's involvement and were the brain children of his producing partner Bud Yorkin.
* TropeCodifier: Lear's shows, especially ''All In The Family'', were this for socially conscious sitcoms.
** You can also thank him for pretty much creating the high quality African American sitcom with ''Sanford and Son'' and continuing to spearhead the movement with ''Good Times'' and ''The Jeffersons'' (which still holds the record after a quarter of a century as the longest running TV series with a primarily black cast).
* UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist: Archie Bunker of ''All In The Family'' and Fred Sanford of ''Sanford and Son'' are two of the most famous examples of this trope, George Jefferson of ''The Jeffersons'' also qualifies. To Lear's credit though all of these characters `had HiddenDepths and over time developed into fairly sympathetic characters.
* VerySpecialEpisode: All of Lear's shows had these from time to time but they often managed to avoid coming off as Anvilicious. The most famous ones are probably the ''All in the Family'' episode where Edith is nearly raped and the episode of ''{{Maude}}'' where she gets an abortion.
----
[[redirect:Creator/NormanLear]]
22nd Jan '13 5:46:06 AM Mdumas43073
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* ''Divorce American Style'' (1967)- AcademyAward nomination for Best Original Screenplay

to:

* ''Divorce American Style'' (1967)- (1967) - AcademyAward nomination for Best Original Screenplay



* ''Cold Turkey'' (1971)

to:

* ''Cold Turkey'' (1971)
''Film/ColdTurkey'' (1971)
1st Jan '13 8:18:15 PM Mdumas43073
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* ''The Night They Raided Minskys'' (1968)

to:

* ''The Night They Raided Minskys'' Minsky's'' (1968)
19th Nov '12 3:46:56 AM EarlOfSandvich
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Lear is also known for being a social and political activist for liberal causes (often of the 1st Amendment variety) having founded the progressive advocacy group People For the American Way and often contributing to Democrat campaigns. He's also credited by Rob Reiner (who had acted on Lear's ''All in the Family'') as having helped jump start his directing career by fronting the money for ''ThisIsSpinalTap''. As of late he's become close friends with TreyParkerAndMattStone of ''SouthPark'' fame having voice acted in a couple episodes, being credited as a consultant on a few others and even officiating Trey Parker's wedding.

to:

Lear is also known for being a social and political activist for liberal causes (often of the 1st Amendment variety) having founded the progressive advocacy group People For the American Way and often contributing to Democrat campaigns. He's also credited by Rob Reiner (who had acted on Lear's ''All in the Family'') as having helped jump start his directing career by fronting the money for ''ThisIsSpinalTap''. As of late he's become close friends with TreyParkerAndMattStone Creator/TreyParkerAndMattStone of ''SouthPark'' ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' fame having voice acted in a couple episodes, being credited as a consultant on a few others and even officiating Trey Parker's wedding.
28th Sep '12 7:57:47 AM kchishol
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Added DiffLines:

* {{Anvilicious}}: Subtlety about social issues was rarely a major feature in Lear's series.
30th Jun '12 6:49:05 PM Wiseauatron3000q
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* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives (or a long suffering son in the case of ''SanfordAndSon'', sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.

to:

* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives (or a long suffering son in the case of ''SanfordAndSon'', ''SanfordAndSon''), sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.
30th Jun '12 6:48:42 PM Wiseauatron3000q
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* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives, sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.

to:

* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives, wives (or a long suffering son in the case of ''SanfordAndSon'', sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.
27th Jun '12 9:13:35 PM KamenRiderOokalf
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* TropeCodifier: Lear's shows, especially ''All In The Family'', were this for socially concision sitcoms.

to:

* TropeCodifier: Lear's shows, especially ''All In The Family'', were this for socially concision conscious sitcoms.
27th Jun '12 8:54:32 PM KamenRiderOokalf
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* ''AllInTheFamily'' (1971-1979)

to:

* ''AllInTheFamily'' ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' (1971-1979)



* AdaptationDisplacement: A good deal of people are aware that ''Sanford and Son'' was based on a BritCom but ''Til Death Do Us Part'', the basis for ''All in the Family'', has been largely forgotten.



* SeriesFauxnale: "The Stivics Go West" for ''All In The Family''.
* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives, sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.



* SeasonalRot: ''All In The Family'' is considered as having fallen into this after Lear stepped away from it. The quality of the last two season of ''Sanford and Son'' is also debated and the season of ''GoodTimes'' where Florida is PutOnABus is universally reviled.

to:

* SeasonalRot: SeriesFauxnale: "The Stivics Go West" for ''All In The Family'' is considered as having fallen into this after Lear stepped away from it. The quality Family''.
* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues
of the last two season of ''Sanford time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives, sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and Son'' is also debated usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the season of ''GoodTimes'' where Florida is PutOnABus is universally reviled.series took place in.



* ValuesResonance: Many of the social issues discussed on his shows still have relevance to this day.
* VerySpecialEpisode: All of Lear's shows had these from time to time but they often managed to avoid coming off as Anvilicious. The most famous ones are probably the ''All in the Family'' episode where Edith is nearly raped and the episode of {{Maude}} where she gets an abortion.

to:

* ValuesResonance: Many of the social issues discussed on his shows still have relevance to this day.
* VerySpecialEpisode: All of Lear's shows had these from time to time but they often managed to avoid coming off as Anvilicious. The most famous ones are probably the ''All in the Family'' episode where Edith is nearly raped and the episode of {{Maude}} ''{{Maude}}'' where she gets an abortion.
11th Mar '12 5:05:59 AM Aquila89
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Norman Milton Lear (July 27, 1922- present) is an Emmy and Peabody Award winning and AcademyAward nominated television writer, producer, screenwriter and occasional voice actor best known for being the creator, producer or developer of a number of [[SitCom sitcom]] megahits in [[TheSeventies 1970s]] including ''AllInTheFamily'', ''TheJeffersons'', ''{{Maude}}'', ''GoodTimes'' and ''SanfordAndSon'' (with Bud Yorkin) among others. Lear's sitcoms are fondly remembered amongst the best of era and as revolutionary [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]] of the socially conscious SitCom as his shows often dealt frankly (even by today's standards) with social issues of the day and breaking taboos of the day (everything from ''AllInTheFamily'' having the first audible toilet to ''{{Maude}}'' featuring the first sitcom character to get an abortion) without being overly preachy. Lear's various production companies continued pumping out sitcoms through TheEighties and into TheNineties (''DiffrentStrokes'', ''WhosTheBoss'' and ''TheFactsOfLife'' among them) before hitting a bit of a lull with a string of shows that got ScrewedByTheNetwork after only a few episodes and generally aren't as highly regarded (or well remembered) as his early work.

to:

Norman Milton Lear (July (born July 27, 1922- present) 1922) is an Emmy and Peabody Award winning and AcademyAward nominated television writer, producer, screenwriter and occasional voice actor best known for being the creator, producer or developer of a number of [[SitCom sitcom]] megahits in [[TheSeventies 1970s]] including ''AllInTheFamily'', ''TheJeffersons'', ''{{Maude}}'', ''GoodTimes'' and ''SanfordAndSon'' (with Bud Yorkin) among others. Lear's sitcoms are fondly remembered amongst the best of era and as revolutionary [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]] of the socially conscious SitCom as his shows often dealt frankly (even by today's standards) with social issues of the day and breaking taboos of the day (everything from ''AllInTheFamily'' having the first audible toilet to ''{{Maude}}'' featuring the first sitcom character to get an abortion) without being overly preachy. Lear's various production companies continued pumping out sitcoms through TheEighties and into TheNineties (''DiffrentStrokes'', ''WhosTheBoss'' and ''TheFactsOfLife'' among them) before hitting a bit of a lull with a string of shows that got ScrewedByTheNetwork after only a few episodes and generally aren't as highly regarded (or well remembered) as his early work.
This list shows the last 10 events of 18. Show all.
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.NormanLear