History Main / MiscarriageofJustice

22nd Mar '17 7:06:50 PM Fireblood
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** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'': Several Death Eaters or suspected Death Eaters were imprisoned after Voldemort's fall, regardless of whether they were truly guilty. It's implied that the head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, [[HangingJudge Barty Crouch, Sr.]], wanted quick and convincing trials (or sometimes no trial at all) because he was in line for the Minister's job. He even sent his own son to Azkaban, although in that case his son actually ''was'' a Death Eater (and in the film version made no attempt to deny it).

to:

** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'': ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'' - Several Death Eaters or suspected Death Eaters were imprisoned after Voldemort's fall, regardless of whether they were truly guilty. It's implied that the head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, [[HangingJudge Barty Crouch, Sr.]], wanted quick and convincing trials (or sometimes no trial at all) because he was in line for the Minister's job. He even sent his own son to Azkaban, although in that case his son actually ''was'' a Death Eater (and in the film version made no attempt to deny it).



*** Shunpike is an interesting case; in the following novel, he's revealed to be one of the Death Eaters attacking Harry above Little Whinging. His physical state indicates Imperius Curse enthrallment, though. Scrimgeour wasn't acting senselessly when he arrested Stan (though, disproportionately, yes). Who knows how long he had been cursed. Harry's main defense is that he knows Stan, but the Death Eaters have ways of making people act against their natural inclination. (Since, however, Stan was sent to Azkaban for boasting he knew Voldemort's secret plans in a pub - hardly behaviour an Imperiused person would engage in - this may be a case of HadToComeToPrisonToBeACrook)

to:

*** Shunpike is an interesting case; in the following novel, he's revealed to be one of the Death Eaters attacking Harry above Little Whinging. His physical state indicates Imperius Curse enthrallment, though. Scrimgeour wasn't acting senselessly when he arrested Stan (though, disproportionately, yes). Who knows how long he had been cursed. Harry's main defense is that he knows Stan, but the Death Eaters have ways of making people act against their natural inclination. (Since, inclination (since, however, Stan was sent to Azkaban for boasting he knew Voldemort's secret plans in a pub - hardly behaviour behavior an Imperiused person would engage in - this may be a case of HadToComeToPrisonToBeACrook)HadToComeToPrisonToBeACrook).
22nd Mar '17 7:00:39 PM Fireblood
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* One of the most notorious RealLife examples in British history is dramatized in the film ''Film/TenRillingtonPlace''. An unfortunate man named Timothy Evans was hanged in 1950 for the murders of his wife and baby daughter. Three years after his execution, his landlord, John Christie, was discovered to be a SerialKiller responsible for the deaths of the wife, the daughter, and at least six other people.

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* One of the most notorious RealLife examples in British history is dramatized in the film ''Film/TenRillingtonPlace''. An unfortunate man named Timothy Evans was hanged in 1950 for the murders of his wife and baby daughter. Three years after his execution, his landlord, John Christie, was discovered to be a SerialKiller responsible for the deaths of the wife, the daughter, and at least six other people. He was also the star witness against Evans, whose testimony greatly helped in getting the conviction. The scandal helped prompt the UK to abolish capital punishment.



** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'' - Several Death Eaters or suspected Death Eaters were imprisoned after Voldemort's fall, regardless of whether they were truly guilty. It's implied that the head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, [[HangingJudge Barty Crouch, Sr.]], wanted quick and convincing trials (or sometimes no trial at all) because he was in line for the Minister's job. He even sent his own son to Azkaban, although in that case his son actually ''was'' a Death Eater (and in the film version made no attempt to deny it).

to:

** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'' - ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'': Several Death Eaters or suspected Death Eaters were imprisoned after Voldemort's fall, regardless of whether they were truly guilty. It's implied that the head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement, [[HangingJudge Barty Crouch, Sr.]], wanted quick and convincing trials (or sometimes no trial at all) because he was in line for the Minister's job. He even sent his own son to Azkaban, although in that case his son actually ''was'' a Death Eater (and in the film version made no attempt to deny it).
20th Mar '17 6:05:00 PM LordYAM
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* Roger Keith Coleman once seemed like the poster child for this trope. On March 10, 1981, Wanda [=McCoy=] was found raped, stabbed, and nearly beheaded in her own home, for which Coleman was convicted. The only real evidence that there was to go on were spots of blood on Coleman's pants and two male pubic hairs found on [=McCoy's=] body that were consistent with his own. Several witness accounts also placed Coleman as being other places at the time the crime occurred. While on death row, Coleman maintained that he was innocent and managed to gain numerous supporters, including Pope John Paul II. Shortly before his execution in 1992, he stated that "an innocent man is going to be murdered tonight." His supporters and anti-death penalty activists petitioned and lobbied for many years to have the evidence from the crime tested. Finally, in 2006, DNA testing finally confirmed that Coleman [[{{SubvertedTrope}} really was responsible for the crime.]]

to:

* Roger Keith Coleman once seemed like the poster child for this trope. On March 10, 1981, Wanda [=McCoy=] was found raped, stabbed, and nearly beheaded in her own home, for which Coleman was convicted. The only real evidence that there was to go on were spots of blood on Coleman's pants and two male pubic hairs found on [=McCoy's=] body that were consistent with his own. Several witness accounts also placed Coleman as being other places at the time the crime occurred.occurred (also the next door neighbor was a serial rapist). While on death row, Coleman maintained that he was innocent and managed to gain numerous supporters, including Pope John Paul II. Shortly before his execution in 1992, he stated that "an innocent man is going to be murdered tonight." His supporters and anti-death penalty activists petitioned and lobbied for many years to have the evidence from the crime tested. Finally, in 2006, DNA testing finally confirmed that Coleman [[{{SubvertedTrope}} really was responsible for the crime.]]


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* Kevin Cooper is an unusual case in that DNA seems to condemn him but there are compelling arguments that the DNA tests were sabotaged (a criminalist who had been caught lying on the stand had checked out an envelope containing one of the tested pieces of evidence and opened it three years before the testing was done, the cigarettes had changed size shape and color from the last time, and when a prosecution lab found results that seemed to confirm that blood had been planted on the shirt they withdrew it on grounds of contamination but refused to submit the lab notes that could allow that claim to be verified.) Whether he's this or not is up in the air, but there is still strong proof that some funny business was going on.
19th Mar '17 9:52:37 PM MikeW
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* A unique example in ''Film/BeyondAReasonableDoubt.'' A newspaper publisher decides to test the system by having himself framed for the murder of a woman. He intends to wait for the trial to nearly find him guilty before having a friend bring up the evidence to exonerate him. However, the friend is killed on his way to the court house and the evidence lost so the man is found guilty. His girlfriend is able to prove his innocence only [[spoiler: for his wife to discover that he did indeed murder the woman, who was his first wife, and his execution is set to go on.]]
** The 2009 remake plays it mostly the same as reporter C.J. frames himself to prove a D.A. is corrupt and willing to put innocent people behind bars to pad his record. Again, the evidence is lost and C.J. is put in jail but his girlfriend Crystal proves his innocence and the case is a mistrial. But then [[spoiler: Crystal realizes the murder victim was going to give away she was the "drug addict" from C.J.'s award-winning documentary, proving his career was a fraud. Crystal tells C.J. it was a good plan as he couldn't be tried again...except it was a mistrial, not an acquittal which means the police can arrest him all over again.]]
11th Mar '17 9:21:02 AM Thornfield13713
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*** Shunpike is an interesting case; in the following novel, he's revealed to be one of the Death Eaters attacking Harry above Little Whinging. His physical state indicates Imperius Curse enthrallment, though. Scrimgeour wasn't acting senselessly when he arrested Stan (though, disproportionately, yes). Who knows how long he had been cursed. Harry's main defense is that he knows Stan, but the Death Eaters have ways of making people act against their natural inclination.

to:

*** Shunpike is an interesting case; in the following novel, he's revealed to be one of the Death Eaters attacking Harry above Little Whinging. His physical state indicates Imperius Curse enthrallment, though. Scrimgeour wasn't acting senselessly when he arrested Stan (though, disproportionately, yes). Who knows how long he had been cursed. Harry's main defense is that he knows Stan, but the Death Eaters have ways of making people act against their natural inclination. (Since, however, Stan was sent to Azkaban for boasting he knew Voldemort's secret plans in a pub - hardly behaviour an Imperiused person would engage in - this may be a case of HadToComeToPrisonToBeACrook)
25th Feb '17 8:32:24 PM Eddy1215
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Added DiffLines:

** In another episode, a popular voice coach is framed as a pedophile by two of his ex-students [[DisproportionateRetribution for dropping them from his class]]. Despite his numerous protests that he wasn't a child molester, Benson refuses to believe him, even thinking that he was just trying to claim sympathy when he said he couldn't make bail. The FrameUp is eventually exposed, but the damage has already been done: the coach's family has disowned him, his reputation has been destroyed, and he'll never have a job again. Even worse, the two students who framed him end up getting probation at most. The episode ends with the coach giving the [=SVU=] a vicious but well-deserved WhatTheHellHero before storming away angrily, while Benson has one of her rare moments of being [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone guilt-ridden]] over arresting an innocent man.
25th Feb '17 7:28:56 PM Eddy1215
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* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheInspector'', the Inspector gets arrested when a criminal [[IdenticalStranger who looks like him]] robs a bank and runs past him. The criminal is never captured and the Inspector spends the entire episode in prison, ending with him trying to chisel the Rock of Gibraltar in order to be paroled.

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* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheInspector'', the Inspector gets arrested when a criminal [[IdenticalStranger [[EvilIdenticalStranger who looks like him]] robs a bank and runs past him. [[KarmaHoudini The criminal is never captured captured]] and the Inspector spends the entire episode in prison, prison (despite making numerous failed escape attempts), ending with him [[ImpossibleTask trying to chisel the Rock of Gibraltar in order to be paroled.paroled]].
10th Feb '17 9:29:42 PM Fireblood
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* In one of the gravest public blunders of the Italian judiciary system, Enzo Tortora was wrongfully sentenced to ten years of prison after accusations of being a member of the Camorra involved in drug trafficking, based on paper-thin evidence and the claims of a mentally unstable [[UsefulNotes/TheMafia pentito]]. What's notable is the fact the the guy was a beloved ''TV Host''; when his ordeal ended and was allowed back to the scenes, now physically worn out and struggling with cancer, he famously started off the show by simply saying "Well then, where did we leave off?".
* Perhaps the most infamous case in French history is Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who in 1894 was accused of spying for Germany. Being Jewish in a still anti-Semitic, fiercely conservative army, he was the scapegoat while the army acquitted the actual culprit, and was sent to the PenalColony of [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Devil's Island]] in French Guiana for five years of hell. His brother and his wife fought to obtain proof of the miscarriage. Eventually, some first-rate intellectuals (including Émile Zola and his Main/JAccuse) took up the defense of Dreyfus in the press and obtained a new trial. The affair was unusual in that it really divided France into two clear sides: the ''dreyfusards'' (Dreyfus' defenders, mostly left-wing republicans) and the ''anti-dreyfusards'' (right-wing, traditionally religious conservatives). Dreyfus was eventually found not guilty (in 1906) and went on to serve during Main/WorldWar1, rising to the rank of lieutenant-colonel, but the years his career had lost were never taken into account and he never could make it to general, as he could have before the affair.
* The first season of the podcast ''Serial'' takes an in-depth look at the case of Adnan Syed, a Muslim man convicted of murder at the age of 18 in the death of his friend Hae Min Lee. In the course of reporting, the evidence is examined, and the conclusion is eventually drawn by reporter Sarah Koenig that the case against Adnan was based on either fundamentally flawed evidence (timelines that didn't match, evidence that ultimately was demonstrably incorrect), or BlatantLies (witness testimony that changed with each telling, or that was left out entirely because it didn't fit the prosecution's case). She ultimately states that she doesn't know if Adnan is actually the killer, but there's no way he should be found guilty based on the evidence provided. The fact that Adnan has constantly pled his innocence for ''15 years'' despite it hurting his case and his chances at parole, implies that this trope is in effect.

to:

* In one of the gravest public blunders of the Italian judiciary system, Enzo Tortora was wrongfully sentenced to ten years of in prison after accusations of being a member of the Camorra involved in drug trafficking, based on paper-thin evidence and the claims of a mentally unstable [[UsefulNotes/TheMafia pentito]]. What's notable is the fact the the guy was a beloved ''TV Host''; when his ordeal ended and was allowed back to the scenes, now physically worn out and struggling with cancer, he famously started off the show by simply saying "Well then, where did we leave off?".
* Perhaps the most infamous case in French history is Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who in 1894 was accused of spying for Germany. Being Jewish in a still anti-Semitic, fiercely conservative army, he was the scapegoat while the army acquitted the actual culprit, and was sent to the PenalColony of [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Devil's Island]] in French Guiana for five years of hell.life. His brother and his wife fought to obtain proof of the miscarriage. Eventually, some first-rate intellectuals (including Émile Zola and his Main/JAccuse) took up the defense of Dreyfus in the press and obtained a new trial. The affair was unusual in that it really divided France into two clear sides: the ''dreyfusards'' (Dreyfus' defenders, mostly left-wing republicans) and the ''anti-dreyfusards'' (right-wing, traditionally religious conservatives). Dreyfus was eventually found not guilty (in 1906) pardoned in 1899 after five years of hell, and officially exonerated in 1906. Dreyfus went on to serve during Main/WorldWar1, rising to the rank of lieutenant-colonel, but the years his career had lost were never taken into account and he never could make it to general, as he could have before the affair.
* The first season of the podcast ''Serial'' takes an in-depth look at the case of Adnan Syed, a Muslim man convicted of murder at the age of 18 in the death of his friend Hae Min Lee. In the course of reporting, the evidence is examined, and the conclusion is eventually drawn by reporter Sarah Koenig that the case against Adnan was based on either fundamentally flawed evidence (timelines that didn't match, evidence that ultimately was demonstrably incorrect), or BlatantLies (witness testimony that changed with each telling, or that was left out entirely because it didn't fit the prosecution's case). She ultimately states that she doesn't know if Adnan is actually the killer, but there's no way he should be found guilty based on the evidence provided. The fact that Adnan has constantly pled his innocence for ''15 years'' despite it hurting his case and his chances at parole, parole implies that this trope is in effect.



* As discussed above under "Film", ''Film/10RimmingtonPlace'' is based on the true story of John Christie, one of Britain's most prolific and notorious {{Serial Killer}}s, who was the star witness at the trial which managed to see Timothy Evans, the husband and father of two of his victims, convicted and executed of the murders that Christie himself committed. When Christie's own crimes were exposed, the public outcry over this miscarriage was one of the key factors in the public movement which eventually resulted in Britain abolishing the death penalty for capital crimes.
* A more recent example is Making A Murderer, featuring Steven Avery. He was exonerated for rape and then convicted for murder. The documentary raises the possibility that the murder was another false conviction and that he and his nephew are innocent. Notably even people who believe that Avery is guilty have come to concede that a lot of the evidence against him was probably planted, or at the very least that Branden (the nephew) is innocent.

to:

* As discussed above under "Film", ''Film/10RimmingtonPlace'' is based on the true story of John Christie, one of Britain's most prolific and notorious {{Serial Killer}}s, who was the star witness at the trial which managed to see Timothy Evans, the husband and father of two of his victims, convicted and executed of for the murders that Christie himself committed. When Christie's own crimes were exposed, the public outcry over this miscarriage was one of the key factors in the public movement which eventually resulted in Britain abolishing the death penalty for capital crimes.
* A more recent example is Making ''Making A Murderer, Murderer'', featuring Steven Avery. He was exonerated for rape and then convicted for of murder. The documentary raises the possibility that the murder was another false conviction and that he and his nephew are innocent. Notably even people who believe that Avery is guilty have come to concede that a lot of the evidence against him was probably planted, or at the very least that Branden (the nephew) is innocent.


Added DiffLines:

* The very first man exonerated by DNA testing in the US, was found guilty of rape and murder due to being mistakenly identified by eyewitnesses as the man they had noticed around the area (he resembled the real culprit). He was freed after eight years, while having unknowingly been in a cell above the actual rapist and murderer (who was serving his sentence for another rape). The man wished him luck on his release (no, you can't make this stuff up) and was later convicted on the same charges himself.
3rd Feb '17 11:26:18 AM Mr.Bubbles
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* Roger Keith Coleman once seemed like the poster child for this trope. On March 10, 1981, Wanda McCoy was found raped, stabbed, and nearly beheaded in her own home, for which Coleman was convicted. The only real evidence that there was to go on were spots of blood on Coleman's pants and two male pubic hairs found on McCoy's body that were consistent with his own. Several witness accounts also placed Coleman as being other places at the time the crime occurred. While on death row, Coleman maintained that he was innocent and managed to gain numerous supporters, including Pope John Paul II. Shortly before his execution in 1992, he stated that "an innocent man is going to be murdered tonight." His supporters and anti-death penalty activists petitioned and lobbied for many years to have the evidence from the crime tested. Finally, in 2006, DNA testing finally confirmed that Coleman [[{{SubvertedTrope}} really was responsible for the crime.]]

to:

* Roger Keith Coleman once seemed like the poster child for this trope. On March 10, 1981, Wanda McCoy [=McCoy=] was found raped, stabbed, and nearly beheaded in her own home, for which Coleman was convicted. The only real evidence that there was to go on were spots of blood on Coleman's pants and two male pubic hairs found on McCoy's [=McCoy's=] body that were consistent with his own. Several witness accounts also placed Coleman as being other places at the time the crime occurred. While on death row, Coleman maintained that he was innocent and managed to gain numerous supporters, including Pope John Paul II. Shortly before his execution in 1992, he stated that "an innocent man is going to be murdered tonight." His supporters and anti-death penalty activists petitioned and lobbied for many years to have the evidence from the crime tested. Finally, in 2006, DNA testing finally confirmed that Coleman [[{{SubvertedTrope}} really was responsible for the crime.]]
3rd Feb '17 11:25:29 AM Mr.Bubbles
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Added DiffLines:

* Roger Keith Coleman once seemed like the poster child for this trope. On March 10, 1981, Wanda McCoy was found raped, stabbed, and nearly beheaded in her own home, for which Coleman was convicted. The only real evidence that there was to go on were spots of blood on Coleman's pants and two male pubic hairs found on McCoy's body that were consistent with his own. Several witness accounts also placed Coleman as being other places at the time the crime occurred. While on death row, Coleman maintained that he was innocent and managed to gain numerous supporters, including Pope John Paul II. Shortly before his execution in 1992, he stated that "an innocent man is going to be murdered tonight." His supporters and anti-death penalty activists petitioned and lobbied for many years to have the evidence from the crime tested. Finally, in 2006, DNA testing finally confirmed that Coleman [[{{SubvertedTrope}} really was responsible for the crime.]]
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