History Main / MiscarriageofJustice

8th May '18 1:54:48 PM ironballs16
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* A stock phrase of Wrestling/GorillaMonsoon, whenever a wrestler (always a heel) cheated to win. Amped up when the face wrestler was disqualified for using a weapon after the heel used the same weapon ... [[TryToCatchMeFightingDirty and the referee saw only the face use it]]!

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* A stock phrase of Wrestling/GorillaMonsoon, whenever a wrestler (always a heel) cheated to win. Amped up when the face wrestler was disqualified for using a weapon after the heel used the same weapon ... [[TryToCatchMeFightingDirty [[TryingToCatchMeFightingDirty and the referee saw only the face use it]]!
8th May '18 1:54:26 PM ironballs16
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* A stock phrase of Wrestling/GorillaMonsoon, whenever a wrestler (always a heel) cheated to win. Amped up when the face wrestler was disqualified for using a weapon after the heel used the same weapon ... and the referee saw only the face use it!

to:

* A stock phrase of Wrestling/GorillaMonsoon, whenever a wrestler (always a heel) cheated to win. Amped up when the face wrestler was disqualified for using a weapon after the heel used the same weapon ... [[TryToCatchMeFightingDirty and the referee saw only the face use it!it]]!
8th May '18 1:45:53 PM ironballs16
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* ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' had an episode where it is revealed that Olivia unintentionally set a man up to be convicted of a crime he did not commit. The man was the prime suspect in a brutal rape, and after hours of interrogation, Olivia caught him in a INeverSaidItWasPoison statement. This and other circumstantial evidence is used to convict the man. Years later, she realizes that the man was innocent and that she must have provided him with the incriminating information earlier during the interrogation and forgotten about it. The man is freed, but lost years of his life, and the real rapist was free to rape many more women in the meantime.

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* ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' had an episode where it is revealed that Olivia unintentionally set a man up to be convicted of a crime he did not commit. The man was the prime suspect in a brutal rape, and after hours of interrogation, Olivia caught him in a an INeverSaidItWasPoison statement. [[ConvictionByContradiction This and other circumstantial evidence is used to convict the man.man]]. Years later, she realizes that the man was innocent and that she must have provided him with the incriminating information earlier during the interrogation and forgotten about it. The man is freed, but lost years of his life, and the real rapist was free to rape many more women in the meantime.
30th Apr '18 9:41:34 PM nombretomado
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The inverse -- an ObviouslyEvil and guilty person going free -- is also often seen as a miscarriage of justice; but that is covered by other tropes such as KarmaHoudini. Also, [[IThoughtItMeant has nothing to do with]] a pregnant woman having a miscarriage due to bad karma.

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The inverse -- an ObviouslyEvil and guilty person going free -- is also often seen as a miscarriage of justice; but that is covered by other tropes such as KarmaHoudini. Also, [[IThoughtItMeant [[JustForFun/IThoughtItMeant has nothing to do with]] a pregnant woman having a miscarriage due to bad karma.
20th Apr '18 3:46:02 PM wingedcatgirl
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* Schapelle Corby. [[BrokenBase Possibly]].
18th Apr '18 10:20:55 AM StarSword
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* ''Film/SinCity'': Marv from "The Hard Goodbye" is put on death row and ultimately executed for murdering all the women Kevin and Cardinal Roark killed and ate. Though, to be fair, the list of victims also included all the people that Marv ''did'' kill, including the two villains in question. John Hartigan from "That Yellow Bastard" is wrongly imprisoned for eight years on false charges of raping Nancy Callahan, the 11-year-old girl who he saved from pedophile rapist and SerialKiller Junior Roark, whose father is a powerful and corrupt U.S. Senator. Both cases were due to extreme corruption, forged evidence, and confessions acquired by threats -- Marv confessed after his mother's life was threatened, and Hartigan when he thought that Nancy's life was in danger, and he was able to get out on parole if he did.

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* ''Film/SinCity'': Marv from "The Hard Goodbye" is put on death row and ultimately executed for murdering all the women Kevin and Cardinal Roark killed and ate. Though, to be fair, the list of victims also included all the people that Marv ''did'' kill, including the two villains in question. John Hartigan from "That Yellow Bastard" is wrongly imprisoned for eight years on false charges of raping Nancy Callahan, the 11-year-old girl who he saved from pedophile rapist and SerialKiller Junior Roark, whose father is a powerful and corrupt U.S. Senator. Both cases were due to extreme corruption, forged evidence, and confessions acquired by threats -- Marv confessed after his mother's life was threatened, and Hartigan when he thought that Nancy's life was in danger, and he was able to get out on parole if he did. (Even if he'd had ironclad proof of his innocence, he could still have readily been charged with excessive force for shooting Junior in the genitals ''after'' disarming him.)



** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheOrderOfThePhoenix'' -- The Ministry puts Harry on trial in order to keep from "inciting panic" over Harry's claim of Voldemort's return, and to weaken Dumbledore's popularity as Fudge sees him as a threat to his position. Dolores Umbridge herself takes matters into her own hands by forcing Harry to cut his skin every time he decided to speak out against the Ministry or alert others of Voldemort's return.

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** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheOrderOfThePhoenix'' -- The Ministry puts Harry on trial in order to keep from "inciting panic" over Harry's claim of Voldemort's return, and to weaken Dumbledore's popularity as Fudge sees him as a threat to his position. Dumbledore himself shows up to defend Harry, {{lampshades}} the ridiculousness of holding a full criminal proceeding for a simple matter of underage magic, and gets Harry acquitted in about two pages. Dolores Umbridge herself takes matters into her own hands by forcing Harry to cut his skin every time he decided to speak out against the Ministry or alert others of Voldemort's return.


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** Continued in ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheDeathlyHallows'', where Voldemort's supporters have seized control of the Ministry in [[TheCoup a palace coup]] and turn the wheels of magical justice to their own support.
20th Mar '18 9:46:07 PM Fireblood
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* In 1983, Henry McCollum and Leon Brown (two mentally handicapped half-brothers) were accused of raping and murdering an 11 year old girl. There was no physical evidence, the confessions were inconsistent, and what little did match up was already known by the police. They were sentenced to death (though Leon later had his sentence commuted to life in prison) in 1984. It wasn't until 2014, when DNA implicated a sex predator named Roscoe Artis (who lived 100 feet from where the little girl's body had been found, had been implicated in a similar murder a county over, and was convicted of murdering another young girl a month after the Brothers had been arrested in the same neighborhood) that the two were released. By this time, their mother had died just a year before. Both were ultimately pardoned in June 2015.

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* In 1983, Henry McCollum [=McCollum=] and Leon Brown (two mentally handicapped half-brothers) were accused of raping and murdering an 11 year old girl. There was no physical evidence, the confessions were inconsistent, and what little did match up was already known by the police. They were sentenced to death (though Leon later had his sentence commuted to life in prison) in 1984. It wasn't until 2014, when DNA implicated a sex predator named Roscoe Artis (who lived 100 feet from where the little girl's body had been found, had been implicated in a similar murder a county over, and was convicted of murdering another young girl a month after the Brothers had been arrested in the same neighborhood) that the two were released. By this time, their mother had died just a year before. Both were ultimately pardoned in June 2015.



* In 1944 [[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Stinney George Stinney]], a 14-year-old South Carolinian black boy, was falsely convicted of murdering a pair of white girls and was executed only about 86 days or so after the girls' bodies were discovered. He had actually been coerced into confessing when the police officers offered him ice cream if he confessed to the crime. Eventually, new evidence surfaced and court Judge Carmen Mullen finally vacated Stinney's conviction posthumously in 2014.

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* In 1944 [[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Stinney George Stinney]], a 14-year-old South Carolinian black boy, was falsely convicted of murdering a pair of white girls and was executed only about 86 days or so after the girls' bodies were discovered. He had actually been coerced into confessing when the police officers offered him ice cream if he confessed to the crime. Eventually, new evidence surfaced and court Judge Carmen Mullen finally vacated Stinney's conviction posthumously in 2014.



** Although there was plenty of evidence not featured in Making a Murderer. It can be said that Making a Murderer was biased and set out to portray Avery as innocent from the beginning. It was a nurse and not the police who opened the vial of his blood, and the nurse prepared to testify under oath. Strangely enough, the blood at the crime scene had no trace of the chemicals used when storing samples of blood. And there's the fact that Steven Avery was indeed a rapist. The rape he was formerly convicted of was not done by him, but he abused a former ex-girlfriend and raped a teenager. The question of who killed Teresa Halbach, if it wasn't Steven Avery, still remains, although it's highly unlikely it was the police. The whole plan the police would have had to put into action to frame Avery would be extremely convoluted. It would be unlikely the police would attempt such a thing and hope no one would notice, because it would be almost impossible for anyone to not notice. It would have been much easier just to kill him. And remember, even if there was a conflict of interest, that doesn't change who did the crime. Now the lawyers of Steven Avery's case are getting death threats and Teresa Halbach has been reduced to nothing more than a plot point in the story of the "real victim" Steven Avery.
*** At the same time, the police used contradictory theories to convict Brandon and his confession was dubious. What's more, there WERE other people on that property (notably Earl and Charles, Steven's brothers, who had a similarly violent history). More importantly, the state DID have a lot to lose (if Avery had won, the reputation of the department would have been damaged). His previous conviction WAS a miscarriage of justice (Since there is strong evidence that the state was well aware that Gregory Allen was the true rapist and deliberately sat on it, resulting in Allen raping 9 more women).

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** Although there was plenty of evidence not featured in Making a Murderer. It can be said that Making a Murderer was biased and set out to portray Avery as innocent from the beginning. It was a nurse and not the police who opened the vial of his blood, and the nurse prepared to testify under oath. Strangely enough, the blood at the crime scene had no trace of the chemicals used when storing samples of blood. And there's the fact that Steven Avery was indeed a rapist. The rape he was formerly convicted of was not done by him, but he abused a former ex-girlfriend and raped a teenager. The question of who killed Teresa Halbach, if it wasn't Steven Avery, still remains, although it's highly unlikely it was the police. The whole plan the police would have had to put into action to frame Avery would be extremely convoluted. It would be unlikely the police would attempt such a thing and hope no one would notice, because it would be almost impossible for anyone to not notice. It would have been much easier just to kill him. And remember, even if there was a conflict of interest, that doesn't change who did the crime. Now the lawyers of from Steven Avery's case are getting death threats and Teresa Halbach has been reduced to nothing more than a plot point in the story of the "real victim" Steven Avery.
*** At the same time, the police used contradictory theories to convict Brandon and his confession was dubious. What's more, there WERE other people on that property (notably Earl and Charles, Steven's brothers, who had a similarly violent history). More importantly, the state DID have a lot to lose (if Avery had won, the reputation of the department would have been damaged). His previous conviction WAS a miscarriage of justice (Since (since there is strong evidence that the state was well aware that Gregory Allen was the true rapist and deliberately sat on it, resulting in Allen raping 9 more women).



* The very first man exonerated by DNA testing in the US was found guilty of rape and murder due to being mistakenly identified by eyewitnesses as the man they had noticed around the area (he resembled the real culprit). He was freed after eight years, while having unknowingly been in a cell above the actual rapist and murderer (who was serving his sentence for another rape). The man wished him luck on his release ([[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer no, you can't make this stuff up]]) and was later convicted on the same charges himself.
* Kevin Cooper is an unusual case in that DNA seems to condemn him but there are compelling arguments that the DNA tests were sabotaged (a criminalist who had been caught lying on the stand had checked out an envelope containing one of the tested pieces of evidence and opened it three years before the testing was done, the cigarettes had changed size shape and color from the last time, and when a prosecution lab found results that seemed to confirm that blood had been planted on the shirt, they withdrew it on grounds of contamination but refused to submit the lab notes that could allow that claim to be verified.) Whether he's this or not is up in the air, but there is still strong proof that some funny business was going on (notably when Cooper applied for an En Banc Hearing the results were a very narrow rejection that took 17 months to decide and which resulted in one of the judges writing a 100 page dissent accusing the judge of deliberately sabotaging Cooper's hearing, as well as the police of forging evidence.)
* Schapelle Corby. [[BrokenBase Possibly]]

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* The very first man exonerated by DNA testing in the US was found guilty of rape and murder due to being mistakenly identified by eyewitnesses as the man they had noticed around the area (he resembled the real culprit). He was freed after eight years, while having unknowingly been in a cell above the actual rapist and murderer (who was serving his sentence for another rape). The man wished him luck on his release ([[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer no, you can't make this stuff up]]) and was later convicted on of the same charges himself.
* Kevin Cooper is an unusual case in that DNA seems to condemn him but there are compelling arguments that the DNA tests were sabotaged (a criminalist who had been caught lying on the stand had checked out an envelope containing one of the tested pieces of evidence and opened it three years before the testing was done, the cigarettes had changed size shape and color from the last time, and when a prosecution lab found results that seemed to confirm that blood had been planted on the shirt, they withdrew it on grounds of contamination but refused to submit the lab notes that could allow that claim to be verified.) Whether he's this or not is up in the air, but there is still strong proof that some funny business was going on (notably when Cooper applied for an En Banc Hearing ''en banc'' hearing the results were a very narrow rejection that took 17 months to decide and which resulted in one of the judges writing a 100 page dissent accusing the judge of deliberately sabotaging Cooper's hearing, as well as the police of forging evidence.)
* Schapelle Corby. [[BrokenBase Possibly]]Possibly]].
20th Mar '18 9:31:58 PM Fireblood
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* The show ''In Justice'' revolved around clearing wrongfully convicted people. In episode 8, they fail to save a mentally handicapped man from being executed because the judge feels that they don't have enough proof. It's sort of up in the air, since the episode ended with the detective confronting the real murderer (as well as the fact that the rest of the team knows who the killer actually is and persuaded the guy's wife to retract her alibi, meaning that they could have gathered enough evidence to nail him to a wall offscreen).

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* The show ''In Justice'' ''Series/InJustice'' revolved around clearing wrongfully convicted people. In episode 8, they fail to save a mentally handicapped man from being executed because the judge feels that they don't have enough proof. It's sort of up in the air, since the episode ended with the detective confronting the real murderer (as well as the fact that the rest of the team knows who the killer actually is and persuaded the guy's wife to retract her alibi, meaning that they could have gathered enough evidence to nail him to a wall offscreen).


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* ''Series/TheFrankensteinChronicles'': John is wrongly convicted of [[spoiler: Flora]]'s murder at the end of the first season and sentenced to death. His lawyer doesn't help much, trying to have the charge dismissed on human grounds rather than trying the {{insanity defense}} despite John suffering from neurosyphilis, making his guilt questionable even if he had done it. [[spoiler: He's hanged, but [[BackFromTheDead it doesn't stick for long]].]]
13th Mar '18 2:04:35 PM Briguy52748
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Added DiffLines:

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* A stock phrase of Wrestling/GorillaMonsoon, whenever a wrestler (always a heel) cheated to win. Amped up when the face wrestler was disqualified for using a weapon after the heel used the same weapon ... and the referee saw only the face use it!
* Danny Davis' corrupt referee gimmick was based on creating these -- allowing the heels to blatantly cheat and get away with everything, but [[CantGetAwayWithNuthin the face immediately gets disqualified for using the same tactics]] or suffers defeat by the heel's cheating.
[[/folder]]
9th Mar '18 6:29:26 AM Gosicrystal
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* The third case of ''VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorneyTrialsAndTribulations'' begins with [[TheWoobie Maggey Byrde]] being convicted of murder. Not only was she framed, but [[spoiler:the murderer actually disguised himself as Phoenix Wright so he could be her lawyer and make sure she lost. Fortunately, this means a mistrial is declared and the real Phoenix can uncover the truth in another trial.]]
** And the fourth case revolves around Terry Fawles, who had already been falsely convicted of murder 5 years ago, and now has to be saved from getting convicted a second time after escaping from prison and allegedly murdering the cop who arrested him in the original case. [[spoiler:Sadly, [[DrivenToSuicide he's manipulated into committing suicide on the stand]] even as you reveal he's innocent. Your only satisfaction is that, as this is a flashback, you've already seen the conviction of the monster who drove him to it.]]

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* ''Franchise/AceAttorney'':
**
The third case of ''VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorneyTrialsAndTribulations'' begins with [[TheWoobie Maggey Byrde]] being convicted of murder. Not only was she framed, but [[spoiler:the murderer actually disguised himself as Phoenix Wright so he could be her lawyer and make sure she lost. Fortunately, this means a mistrial is declared and the real Phoenix can uncover the truth in another trial.]]
** And the The fourth case of ''Trials and Tribulations'' revolves around Terry Fawles, who had already been falsely convicted of murder 5 years ago, and now has to be saved from getting convicted a second time after escaping from prison and allegedly murdering the cop who arrested him in the original case. [[spoiler:Sadly, [[DrivenToSuicide he's manipulated into committing suicide on the stand]] even as you reveal he's innocent. Your only satisfaction is that, as this is a flashback, you've already seen the conviction of the monster who drove him to it.]]



* A mission in ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim'', when you first enter Markarth, you will witness a murder on the streets (or prevent murder if you are quick enough). The following quest causes you to continue on a CSI-esque Mission to figure out why one man attacked the woman. Once you've found out, the guards pick up on it and blame you for the murders in town, even if you didn't kill a single soul. Because blaming the outsider [[SarcasmMode always works]].
** From there, you have to make a big decision: [[spoiler:Murder an honorable but bloodthirsty leader to escape and let a crime lord and his entire operation go free, or work with the leader to kill the crimelord but lose control of the mob, killing a dozen innocents along the way]]. [[TakeAThirdOption You can also]] [[KillEmAll kill both factions]], but then you've just massacred two entire factions for each others' leader's crimes and stolen decades of potential social reforms from the people of Markarth.
* The Protagonist of ''VideoGame/Persona5'' was sentenced with a criminal record for assaulting a man. What really happened is that while he was walking home, he noticed a drunk man harassing a woman and stepped in to help her. The drunk guy slipped and fell, injuring his own face, after which he threatens the woman with imprisonment if she doesn't claim he was attacked. The police then show up, where the woman says Joker attacked the man, leading to his arrest.
** [[spoiler:Furthermore, all but one of the bad endings have the Protagonist taking the fall for a crime or tragedy he wasn't responsible for. The most notable instance occurs late in the game, where playing your cards wrong can result in the main character being framed for a series of psychotic breakdown incidents by the ''real'' perpetrator, who then assassinates him inside an interrogation room in a staged murder-suicide.]]

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* A mission in ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim'', when ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim''. When you first enter Markarth, you will witness a murder on the streets (or prevent murder it if you are quick enough). The following quest causes you to continue on a CSI-esque Mission to figure out why one man attacked the woman. Once you've found out, the guards pick up on it and blame you for the murders in town, even if you didn't kill a single soul. Because blaming the outsider [[SarcasmMode always works]].
**
From there, you have to make a big decision: [[spoiler:Murder an honorable but bloodthirsty leader to escape and let a crime lord and his entire operation go free, or work with the leader to kill the crimelord but lose control of the mob, killing a dozen innocents along the way]]. [[TakeAThirdOption You can also]] [[KillEmAll also kill both factions]], but then you've just massacred two entire factions for each others' leader's crimes and stolen decades of potential social reforms from the people of Markarth.
* The Protagonist of ''VideoGame/Persona5'' was sentenced with a criminal record for assaulting a man. What really happened is that while he was walking home, he noticed a drunk man harassing a woman and stepped in to help her. The drunk guy slipped and fell, injuring his own face, after which he threatens the woman with imprisonment if she doesn't claim he was attacked. The police then show up, where the woman says Joker attacked the man, leading to his arrest.
**
arrest. [[spoiler:Furthermore, all but one of the bad endings have the Protagonist taking the fall for a crime or tragedy he wasn't responsible for. The most notable instance occurs late in the game, where playing your cards wrong can result in the main character being framed for a series of psychotic breakdown incidents by the ''real'' perpetrator, who then assassinates him inside an interrogation room in a staged murder-suicide.]]
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.MiscarriageofJustice