History Main / LogicalFallacies

16th Nov '17 7:03:24 AM marcoasalazarm
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* Etymological Fallacy: Semantic red herring argument based on claiming that a word's present-day use must be influenced by its historical meaning or root words, as a way of avoiding what the opponent is actually trying to say.

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* Etymological Fallacy: Semantic red herring argument based on claiming that a word's present-day use must be influenced by its historical meaning or root words, as a way of avoiding what the opponent is actually trying to say. A method to twist HaveAGayOldTime into MistakenForRacist.
15th Nov '17 8:36:32 PM garthvader
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* Appeal to Definition: Also known as the dictionary fallacy, this is a type of appeal to authority where a dictionary definition is treated as prescriptive (ie, the only thing a word means) rather than descriptive (a summary of what it is commonly held to mean). This is often used in an attempt to expand strict technical terms to include things they do not include, such as using the dictionary definition of ''theory'' to argue a scientific theory is just a guess.


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* Etymological Fallacy: Semantic red herring argument based on claiming that a word's present-day use must be influenced by its historical meaning or root words, as a way of avoiding what the opponent is actually trying to say.
10th Nov '17 2:17:02 PM marcoasalazarm
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* False Analogy: Someone applies facts from one situation to another situation but the situations are substantially different and the same conclusions cannot logically be drawn. (Ex. "[[Franchise/StarTrek The]] KobayashiMaru teaches us that there's no-win scenarios and we need to FaceDeathWithDignity" kind of hits a wall when the "no-win scenario" that teaches us this is not, say, running out of gas but rather is an irreproducible fubar that cannot happen anywhere in the known universe and only exists because a computer determined to make you fail is willing to bend reality until you say "uncle").

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* False Analogy: Someone applies facts from one situation to another situation but the situations are substantially different and the same conclusions cannot logically be drawn. (Ex. "[[Franchise/StarTrek The]] KobayashiMaru teaches us that there's no-win scenarios and we need to FaceDeathWithDignity" kind of hits a wall when the "no-win scenario" that teaches us this is not, say, running out of gas but rather is an irreproducible fubar that cannot happen anywhere in the known universe and only exists because a computer determined to make you fail is willing to bend reality until you say "uncle"). The bane of the SpaceWhaleAesop.
10th Nov '17 2:15:04 PM marcoasalazarm
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* False Analogy: Someone applies facts from one situation to another situation but the situations are substantially different and the same conclusions cannot logically be drawn. (Ex. "[[Franchise/StarTrek The]] KobayashiMaru teaches us that there's no-win scenarios and we need to FaceDeathWithDignity" kind of hits a wall when the "no-win scenario" that teaches us this is not, say, running out of gas but rather is an irreproducible fubar that cannot happen anywhere in the known universe and only exists because a computer determined to make you fail is willing to bend reality until you say "uncle").
29th Oct '17 5:14:25 PM Premonition45
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* Historian's Fallacy: When one assumes that a decision-maker had the same information and perspective as those analysing their decision(s) with the benefit of hindsight.

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* Historian's Fallacy: Fallacy / Hindsight Bias: When one assumes that a decision-maker had the same information and perspective as those analysing their decision(s) with the benefit of hindsight. hindsight.
22nd Oct '17 2:43:05 PM AndIntroducingALeg
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* No Hypotheticals Move: Refusing to consider a hypothetical situation purely because it is hypothetical, regardless of how relevant and plausible it might be.
20th Oct '17 11:12:19 AM Josef5678
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* Appeal To Possibility: Claiming that if something can't be shown to be completely impossible, it must be true. A type of FalseDichotomy.

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* Appeal To Possibility: Claiming that if something can't be shown to be completely impossible, it must be true. A type of FalseDichotomy.False Dichotomy.
14th Oct '17 6:20:35 PM Premonition45
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** WithUsOrAgainstUs: Assuming that not openly supporting one side means you oppose them.

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** WithUsOrAgainstUs: Assuming that not openly supporting one side means you oppose them.them (or vice-versa).
27th Aug '17 10:59:17 AM Premonition45
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* HardWorkFallacy ("If I can do it, so can you."): The argument that the desired outcome is ''purely'' the result of the effort put in by the individual, regardless of any other factors.

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* HardWorkFallacy ("If I can do it, so can you."): The argument assumption that the desired outcome is ''purely'' the result of the individual effort put in by is the individual, ''only'' thing needed to succeed, regardless of any other factors. factors.



* SurvivorshipBias: Over-playing a small number of successes of a given example, while ignoring a large number of failures.

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* SurvivorshipBias: Over-playing Overemphasizing a small number of successes of a given example, while ignoring a large number of failures.
18th Aug '17 10:11:17 AM garthvader
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* Underdog Effect: a very powerful cognitive bias resulting mainly from fiction, this is the perception that a person, group or thing which is subject to high external disadvantages and has a creator with a high degree of passion and determination is automatically entitled to success (a fairytale "happy ending"), regardless of the relative merit of that thing or the concrete skills of the creator.

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* Underdog Effect: a very powerful cognitive bias resulting mainly from fiction, this is the perception that a person, group or thing which is subject to high external disadvantages and disadvantages, but has, or has a creator with with, a high degree of passion and determination determination, is automatically entitled to success (a fairytale "happy ending"), regardless of the relative merit of that thing or the concrete skills of the creator.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.LogicalFallacies