History Main / JulesVerne

22nd May '12 3:02:08 PM LordGro
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[[quoteright:239:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/julesverne.gif]]

Jules Verne was an early novelist who became famous for his adventure novels and SpeculativeFiction. He is widely credited as being one of the pioneers of the SpeculativeFiction genre (the others being MarkTwain, MaryShelley, EdgarAllanPoe, and [[HGWells H.G. Wells]]). His works greatly influenced several generations of authors, and is often the basis for the modern {{Steampunk}} setting.

Jules Verne wrote about space and undersea travel before such things were possible, and many early engineers and scientists said his works greatly influenced their careers. In fact, some of his works were eerily on-target predictions of the future in many ways... [[ScienceMarchesOn some more than others, naturally]]. He is also the seldom-credited inventor of the TransformingMecha concept in the form of the ''Terror'', Robur's newest flying machine in ''Master of the World'', which can also become a sub or an armored car. Sadly, Verne being the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness stickler for realism]] that he was, the world would have to wait another century for the Japanese to be crazy enough to come up with the idea of the now ubiquitous humanoid robot mode.

He also wrote short stories and some {{nonfiction}} novels.

Jules Verne's works are [[http://jv.gilead.org.il/evans/VerneTrans%28article%29.html notorious for being poorly translated into English]], specifically by [[SmallNameBigEgo arrogant]], [[{{Bowdlerise}} censor-happy]], [[BlindIdiotTranslation blind idiots]] who [[WritersCannotDoMath can't do math]]. Beware, particularly with public domain translations. His works also suffered from ExecutiveMeddling of his friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel (for instance, changing Captain Nemo's origin to an Indian fighting the English from a Pole fighting the Russians, as France was allied with Russia at the time), who generally demanded happy endings for the protagonists. You see, Verne ''wasn't'' a cheerful and spunky man by a long shot, he always was more on a brooding side, and especially in his late years, his difficult family life and declining health had led him to grow [[HumansAreBastards increasingly bitter and misanthropic]], which is evident from his later works, where he earned a ProtectionFromEditors after Hetzel died and his son (who basically grew at Verne's home and counted him as his favorite uncle) couldn't bring himself to insist on the changes he wanted. YourMileageMayVary over whether the changes were for good or otherwise.

Another thing is that many of his posthumous works (Verne was a prolific author and there was a large backlog of unpublished novels after his death in 1905, which were published well into the RoaringTwenties) were extensively edited (up to the point of a complete rewrite) or even made from the whole cloth by his son and heir Michel Verne. Michel, while being in general a classic ''[[EnfantTerrible enfant terrible]]'', and a cause for a lot of trouble for his father, by the end of his life made up with him and become his advisor and assistant. Due to the way he was working, Verne left a lot of unfinished novels in the various states of completion, from the simple outline to the almost complete manuscript, so Michel, who inherited his father's archive, completed and reedited these drafts himself as he saw fit, so the Verne scholars to this are still trying to separate Michel's influence from Jules' last works. Fortunately Michel was a good enough writer for this matter to be only of academic importance.

----
!!An incomplete list of his books:

'''{{Fiction}}'''
* ''FiveWeeksInABalloon''
* ''JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth''
* ''The Adventures of Captain Hatteras''
* ''FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' and its sequel ''Around the Moon''
* ''InSearchOfTheCastaways''
* ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea''
* ''TheMysteriousIsland''
* ''A Floating City''
* ''The Castle in Transylvania''
* ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''
* ''Off on a Comet''
* ''Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen''
* ''The Begum's Millions''
* ''The Steam House''
* ''Robur the Conqueror''
* ''Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon''
* ''The Archipelago on Fire''
* ''The Flight to France''
* ''The Purchase of the North Pole''
* ''Propeller Island''
* ''MichaelStrogoff''
* ''An Antarctic Mystery'' a.k.a. ''TheSphinxOfTheIceFields''
* ''The Village in the Treetops''
* ''Master of the World''
* ''Invasion of the Sea''
* ''{{Paris in the Twentieth Century}}''
* ''Two Years' Vacation''
* ''The Lighthouse at the End of the World''

'''{{Nonfiction}}'''
* ''Celebrated Travels and Travellers''
* ''The Exploration of the World''
* ''The Great Navigators of the Eighteenth Century''
* ''The Great Explorers of the Nineteenth Century''

----
!!Tropes about this author, his style of writing and works :
* AntiHero / AntiVillain : Many of his most famous MadScientist and GeniusBruiser characters, including Captain Nemo and Robur the Conqueror.
* AtlantisIsBoring: Largely averted in ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'', which even has a ''literal'' trip to the underwater ruins of Atlantis.
* BlackBestFriend: Typical secondary characters in novels with larger casts. While he did use some of them as PluckyComicRelief and they often served as a TokenMinority, he almost always portrayed them in a positive light and as resourceful, intelligent and equal to white characters -- a notable exception is the black servant in ''Robur the Conqueror'', portrayed as an abject coward and not particularly bright.
* CanonWelding / MassiveMultiplayerCrossover : To a smaller extent on a few occasions. ''TheMysteriousIsland'' linked the previous novels ''InSearchOfTheCastaways'' and ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' with itself into a loose trilogy (via the characters of former pirate Ayrton and Captain Nemo). Verne's fans tend to call the three novels "[[FanNickname The Sea Trilogy]]".
* CreatorBreakdown: A mild form happened later into the Verne's life. A combination of family problems[[hottip:*:He grew progressively more distant from his wife, his son was a good-for-nothing playboy with atrocious business sense, and his nephew Gaston was mentally ill]], bad health, partly stemming from the very same problems, and loss of some of the closest people to him his brother Paul and his longtime friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel drove Verne to progressively darker views on the life and science, obvious in his later works.
* DarkAndTroubledPast: A lot of his characters, especially those who would've been seen as social outcasts by contemporary 19th century society. Many of them eventually get better and become TheAtoner. Others, not so much...
* {{Dystopia}}: Some of his novels feature varying examples of this. A good full-blown example is his early novel ''ParisInTheTwentiethCentury''. One of the {{Ruritania}}s in ''The Begum's Millions'' is clearly a TakeThat at the Prussian militaristic tradition and the German arms industry of the pre-WorldWarOne era (to the extent of giving off PuttingOnTheReich vibes, despite being written many decades before this trope came in full force). ''Propeller Island'' is an allegorical HumansAreBastards novel, where the inhabitants of a mobile and hi-tech island utopia eventually end up in petty arguments and in-fighting, unwittingly damaging the island's drive and buoyancy mechanisms, sinking it in the process. Works with dystopian overtones were more common in his later life, when CreatorBreakdown and RealLifeWritesThePlot started settling in.
* HumansAreBastards: Contrary to the public opinion, Verne didn't have any illusions of the human nature and wasn't that shy to show it in his works. This was greatly moderated by his close friend and publisher, Pierre-Jules Hetzel, who had much more optimistic outlook and spared no effort [[ExecutiveMeddling in reigning in his friend's misanthropy]].
* EnfanteTerrible: Verne's son Michel, who was for much of his life a good-for-nothing playboy, and even when he became more subdued with age he remained a total loser in business and private life, and his father had to constantly bail him out. Whats interesting, despite Michel's erratic behavior, he later made up with his father and became a heir to his archive.
** His nephew Gaston, the son of Jules' much beloved younger brother Paul, was mentally ill and once shot his uncle to the leg. Verne never completely recovered and walked with a heavy limp until the end. As he couldn't go to sea anymore due to his injury (and because he needed money to pay for one of Michel's many business blunders), he had to sell his favorite yacht, which he always used as a reteat from his difficult home life. This greatly contributed to his darker outlook on society and technological progress late in life.
* ExecutiveMeddling: As noted above, at a certain angle Hetzel could almost be counted as a Verne's co-author.
* FanSequel : [[OlderThanTheyThink Believe it or not]], ''TheSphinxOfTheIceFields'' is this for E. A. Poe's famous horror/mystery novel ''Literature/TheNarrativeOfArthurGordonPymOfNantucket''. Verne's novel had many {{Continuity Nod}}s towards Poe's and expanded on its cliffhanger, but opted for a more NothingIsScarier approach, rather than overly physical threats to the characters (e. g. the Tsalal natives seemed to have gone extinct due to a mysterious plague). Verne was a life-long fan of E. A. Poe and even tried to emulate his style in some of his fiction during various eras of his writing career.
* ForeignCultureFetish : In his early years, he adored British culture and science, but later became Britophobic for some reason and shifted his focus to Americans. This is noticeable in his later novels, where American and French characters are often portrayed in a somewhat friendlier light than British ones (though the Brits are rarely villains and mostly end up as JerkWithAHeartOfGold characters at worst).
* MarketBasedTitle: The reason why many of his novels often have three ''[[UpToEleven or even four]]'' different names, with one of them being preferred in the country where it's being published.
* PortingDisaster / BlindIdiotTranslation : A lot of the earlier translations of his works into English were [[BadExportForYou poor at best]], which had the undesirable effect of alienating whole generations of Verne's potential English readers [[TaintedByThePreview who took the quality of the text at face value]], as a sign of a bad author. Furthermore, Verne would [[ShownTheirWork include physics formulas in his science fiction to demonstrate their general plausibility]]. This created problems when translating his work into English back in the day, as Verne used the metric system, which no English-speaking country was familiar with at the time. Many translators JustDidntCare, and replaced "kilometers" with "miles", etc., rendering the numbers nonsensical.
* ProtectionFromEditors: After Hetzel died, his son and heir, who basically has grown in a Verne's home, couldn't bring himself to insist on an editing level his late father did, and it definitely shows in the Verne's late works.
* RealLifeWritesThePlot: Some of the novels were almost literally RippedFromTheHeadlines, while others were inspired by the current hot themes. For example the ''FiveWeeksInABalloon'' were written when the whole world was abuzz with the news of African exploration, while ''TheBegumsMillions'' were inspired by a disastrous French defeat in a Franco-Prussian war.
** ''TheBegumsMillions'' is also one of the very few known Verne's collaborative novels. The novel's outline was proposed by a famous revolutionary and a Paris Commune member Paschal Grousset, better known under his pen name of Andre Laurie. He has then just returned to France from his exile in New Caledonia and US, and was in a bad need of an income. Verne, being an ardent French nationalist and somewhat sympathetic to the Commune, and thus completely in agreement with the book's themes, reworked the novel and published it under his name to help the colleague Laurie later became a famous adventure writer.
* ScienceIsBad: A definite note of this can be felt in the late novels after his ProtectionFromEditors kicked in. On the other hand, Verne, who ''always'' did the research, was too honest with himself to fall into this trope completely. For him the science was bad only [[HumansAreBastards when bad people were using it]].
* SciFiGhetto : Played with, but - surprisingly - mostly ''averted'' in the case of his contemporary readership. It helps that sci-fi wasn't an independent genre yet and that only around a third of Verne's works could be labeled as sci-fi. On the other hand, this trope was played straight in the case of theatrical adaptations of his works : The musical versions of the adventure novels ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'' and ''Michail Strogoff'' [[CashCowFranchise were pretty succesful in their time]], but there was little interest in adapting his sci-fi or more serious works.
* ShownTheirWork : His [[VindicatedByHistory famously accurate predictions about various technological advances and social changes]] were the results of many, many, many hours of hard work he did in public libraries or by consulting various scientists and experts of the time. He really ''liked'' to do his research, even for things he could have easily [[HandWave handwaved]]. This general attitude and avoiding most far-fetched concepts is what gave him the credence of an hard sci-fi writer in the eyes of modern day critics.
** This led to a rather awesome moment; the inventor of the first truly functional submarine, Simon Lake, was caught in a storm, and recalled a moment in ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' where the ''Nautilis'' dives a few feet underwater to avoid the storm. He then repeated the technique and survived, and sent Verne a telegraph thanking him.
** ''From Earth to the Moon'' has become somewhat famous for this, where Verne correctly predicted not only the location the astronauts would launch from, but the height and weight of the craft, the number of astronauts, and was accurate to being only about 2 and a half miles off from where the craft splashed down.
* SkyPirate : ''Robur the Conqueror'' and ''Master of the World'' are one of the earliest {{Trope Maker}}s, if not the UrExample.
* SteamPunk : While some of his works played this trope pretty straight (e. g. ''Steam House'', which features a [[WalkingTank walking locomotive]] with the outward appearance of an Indian elephant, touring the British Raj) and greatly inspired the whole SteamPunk aesthetic we know today, Verne often subverted this trope by presenting fictional technologies based on the existing 19. century ones, but powered by electric generators and/or powerful batteries, rather than classic steam engines. ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' even features [[CoolGun air rifles shooting pellet-like bullets]] ''[[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill charged with a deadly amount of concentrated electricity]]''.
* UnbuiltTrope / {{Troperrific}} : Since he's a one of the granddaddies of the science fiction genre, this is to be expected.
* ZeppelinsFromAnotherWorld : Majorly subverted in ''Robur the Conqueror'' and its sequel. The ''[[AwesomeMcCoolName Albatross]]'' of Robur and his band of [[SkyPirate sky pirates]] [[http://aerostories.free.fr/dossiers/ADAV/robur.JPG is more like]] [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot a giant helicopter with a ship-like hull]] built from a SteamPunk analogue of modern laminate/composite materials. The protagonists of the novel are members of an [[SeriousBusiness airship enthusiast club]] who get kidnapped by Robur and taken on a journey across the world on the ''Albatross'' just so Robur can make a point about heavier-than-air vehicles being the real thing of the future. Even after the protagonists escape and return home, they're still pretty convinced that airships are just better and take their long-developed giant blimp on a major public demonstration. The Albatross [[http://blogs.monlegionnaire.com/media/blogs/Bishopkiller/Robur2.jpg suddenly shows up]], has an aerial race with the airship and then defeats it by skewering its balloon. [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome Robur saves the airship's entire crew and safely carries them back to the audience, makes a little speech about the awesomeness of heavier-than-air machines and flies away, leaving the group of airship fanboys completely embarassed.]]

----

to:

[[quoteright:239:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/julesverne.gif]]

Jules Verne was an early novelist who became famous for his adventure novels and SpeculativeFiction. He is widely credited as being one of the pioneers of the SpeculativeFiction genre (the others being MarkTwain, MaryShelley, EdgarAllanPoe, and [[HGWells H.G. Wells]]). His works greatly influenced several generations of authors, and is often the basis for the modern {{Steampunk}} setting.

Jules Verne wrote about space and undersea travel before such things were possible, and many early engineers and scientists said his works greatly influenced their careers. In fact, some of his works were eerily on-target predictions of the future in many ways... [[ScienceMarchesOn some more than others, naturally]]. He is also the seldom-credited inventor of the TransformingMecha concept in the form of the ''Terror'', Robur's newest flying machine in ''Master of the World'', which can also become a sub or an armored car. Sadly, Verne being the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness stickler for realism]] that he was, the world would have to wait another century for the Japanese to be crazy enough to come up with the idea of the now ubiquitous humanoid robot mode.

He also wrote short stories and some {{nonfiction}} novels.

Jules Verne's works are [[http://jv.gilead.org.il/evans/VerneTrans%28article%29.html notorious for being poorly translated into English]], specifically by [[SmallNameBigEgo arrogant]], [[{{Bowdlerise}} censor-happy]], [[BlindIdiotTranslation blind idiots]] who [[WritersCannotDoMath can't do math]]. Beware, particularly with public domain translations. His works also suffered from ExecutiveMeddling of his friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel (for instance, changing Captain Nemo's origin to an Indian fighting the English from a Pole fighting the Russians, as France was allied with Russia at the time), who generally demanded happy endings for the protagonists. You see, Verne ''wasn't'' a cheerful and spunky man by a long shot, he always was more on a brooding side, and especially in his late years, his difficult family life and declining health had led him to grow [[HumansAreBastards increasingly bitter and misanthropic]], which is evident from his later works, where he earned a ProtectionFromEditors after Hetzel died and his son (who basically grew at Verne's home and counted him as his favorite uncle) couldn't bring himself to insist on the changes he wanted. YourMileageMayVary over whether the changes were for good or otherwise.

Another thing is that many of his posthumous works (Verne was a prolific author and there was a large backlog of unpublished novels after his death in 1905, which were published well into the RoaringTwenties) were extensively edited (up to the point of a complete rewrite) or even made from the whole cloth by his son and heir Michel Verne. Michel, while being in general a classic ''[[EnfantTerrible enfant terrible]]'', and a cause for a lot of trouble for his father, by the end of his life made up with him and become his advisor and assistant. Due to the way he was working, Verne left a lot of unfinished novels in the various states of completion, from the simple outline to the almost complete manuscript, so Michel, who inherited his father's archive, completed and reedited these drafts himself as he saw fit, so the Verne scholars to this are still trying to separate Michel's influence from Jules' last works. Fortunately Michel was a good enough writer for this matter to be only of academic importance.

----
!!An incomplete list of his books:

'''{{Fiction}}'''
* ''FiveWeeksInABalloon''
* ''JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth''
* ''The Adventures of Captain Hatteras''
* ''FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' and its sequel ''Around the Moon''
* ''InSearchOfTheCastaways''
* ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea''
* ''TheMysteriousIsland''
* ''A Floating City''
* ''The Castle in Transylvania''
* ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''
* ''Off on a Comet''
* ''Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen''
* ''The Begum's Millions''
* ''The Steam House''
* ''Robur the Conqueror''
* ''Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon''
* ''The Archipelago on Fire''
* ''The Flight to France''
* ''The Purchase of the North Pole''
* ''Propeller Island''
* ''MichaelStrogoff''
* ''An Antarctic Mystery'' a.k.a. ''TheSphinxOfTheIceFields''
* ''The Village in the Treetops''
* ''Master of the World''
* ''Invasion of the Sea''
* ''{{Paris in the Twentieth Century}}''
* ''Two Years' Vacation''
* ''The Lighthouse at the End of the World''

'''{{Nonfiction}}'''
* ''Celebrated Travels and Travellers''
* ''The Exploration of the World''
* ''The Great Navigators of the Eighteenth Century''
* ''The Great Explorers of the Nineteenth Century''

----
!!Tropes about this author, his style of writing and works :
* AntiHero / AntiVillain : Many of his most famous MadScientist and GeniusBruiser characters, including Captain Nemo and Robur the Conqueror.
* AtlantisIsBoring: Largely averted in ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'', which even has a ''literal'' trip to the underwater ruins of Atlantis.
* BlackBestFriend: Typical secondary characters in novels with larger casts. While he did use some of them as PluckyComicRelief and they often served as a TokenMinority, he almost always portrayed them in a positive light and as resourceful, intelligent and equal to white characters -- a notable exception is the black servant in ''Robur the Conqueror'', portrayed as an abject coward and not particularly bright.
* CanonWelding / MassiveMultiplayerCrossover : To a smaller extent on a few occasions. ''TheMysteriousIsland'' linked the previous novels ''InSearchOfTheCastaways'' and ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' with itself into a loose trilogy (via the characters of former pirate Ayrton and Captain Nemo). Verne's fans tend to call the three novels "[[FanNickname The Sea Trilogy]]".
* CreatorBreakdown: A mild form happened later into the Verne's life. A combination of family problems[[hottip:*:He grew progressively more distant from his wife, his son was a good-for-nothing playboy with atrocious business sense, and his nephew Gaston was mentally ill]], bad health, partly stemming from the very same problems, and loss of some of the closest people to him his brother Paul and his longtime friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel drove Verne to progressively darker views on the life and science, obvious in his later works.
* DarkAndTroubledPast: A lot of his characters, especially those who would've been seen as social outcasts by contemporary 19th century society. Many of them eventually get better and become TheAtoner. Others, not so much...
* {{Dystopia}}: Some of his novels feature varying examples of this. A good full-blown example is his early novel ''ParisInTheTwentiethCentury''. One of the {{Ruritania}}s in ''The Begum's Millions'' is clearly a TakeThat at the Prussian militaristic tradition and the German arms industry of the pre-WorldWarOne era (to the extent of giving off PuttingOnTheReich vibes, despite being written many decades before this trope came in full force). ''Propeller Island'' is an allegorical HumansAreBastards novel, where the inhabitants of a mobile and hi-tech island utopia eventually end up in petty arguments and in-fighting, unwittingly damaging the island's drive and buoyancy mechanisms, sinking it in the process. Works with dystopian overtones were more common in his later life, when CreatorBreakdown and RealLifeWritesThePlot started settling in.
* HumansAreBastards: Contrary to the public opinion, Verne didn't have any illusions of the human nature and wasn't that shy to show it in his works. This was greatly moderated by his close friend and publisher, Pierre-Jules Hetzel, who had much more optimistic outlook and spared no effort [[ExecutiveMeddling in reigning in his friend's misanthropy]].
* EnfanteTerrible: Verne's son Michel, who was for much of his life a good-for-nothing playboy, and even when he became more subdued with age he remained a total loser in business and private life, and his father had to constantly bail him out. Whats interesting, despite Michel's erratic behavior, he later made up with his father and became a heir to his archive.
** His nephew Gaston, the son of Jules' much beloved younger brother Paul, was mentally ill and once shot his uncle to the leg. Verne never completely recovered and walked with a heavy limp until the end. As he couldn't go to sea anymore due to his injury (and because he needed money to pay for one of Michel's many business blunders), he had to sell his favorite yacht, which he always used as a reteat from his difficult home life. This greatly contributed to his darker outlook on society and technological progress late in life.
* ExecutiveMeddling: As noted above, at a certain angle Hetzel could almost be counted as a Verne's co-author.
* FanSequel : [[OlderThanTheyThink Believe it or not]], ''TheSphinxOfTheIceFields'' is this for E. A. Poe's famous horror/mystery novel ''Literature/TheNarrativeOfArthurGordonPymOfNantucket''. Verne's novel had many {{Continuity Nod}}s towards Poe's and expanded on its cliffhanger, but opted for a more NothingIsScarier approach, rather than overly physical threats to the characters (e. g. the Tsalal natives seemed to have gone extinct due to a mysterious plague). Verne was a life-long fan of E. A. Poe and even tried to emulate his style in some of his fiction during various eras of his writing career.
* ForeignCultureFetish : In his early years, he adored British culture and science, but later became Britophobic for some reason and shifted his focus to Americans. This is noticeable in his later novels, where American and French characters are often portrayed in a somewhat friendlier light than British ones (though the Brits are rarely villains and mostly end up as JerkWithAHeartOfGold characters at worst).
* MarketBasedTitle: The reason why many of his novels often have three ''[[UpToEleven or even four]]'' different names, with one of them being preferred in the country where it's being published.
* PortingDisaster / BlindIdiotTranslation : A lot of the earlier translations of his works into English were [[BadExportForYou poor at best]], which had the undesirable effect of alienating whole generations of Verne's potential English readers [[TaintedByThePreview who took the quality of the text at face value]], as a sign of a bad author. Furthermore, Verne would [[ShownTheirWork include physics formulas in his science fiction to demonstrate their general plausibility]]. This created problems when translating his work into English back in the day, as Verne used the metric system, which no English-speaking country was familiar with at the time. Many translators JustDidntCare, and replaced "kilometers" with "miles", etc., rendering the numbers nonsensical.
* ProtectionFromEditors: After Hetzel died, his son and heir, who basically has grown in a Verne's home, couldn't bring himself to insist on an editing level his late father did, and it definitely shows in the Verne's late works.
* RealLifeWritesThePlot: Some of the novels were almost literally RippedFromTheHeadlines, while others were inspired by the current hot themes. For example the ''FiveWeeksInABalloon'' were written when the whole world was abuzz with the news of African exploration, while ''TheBegumsMillions'' were inspired by a disastrous French defeat in a Franco-Prussian war.
** ''TheBegumsMillions'' is also one of the very few known Verne's collaborative novels. The novel's outline was proposed by a famous revolutionary and a Paris Commune member Paschal Grousset, better known under his pen name of Andre Laurie. He has then just returned to France from his exile in New Caledonia and US, and was in a bad need of an income. Verne, being an ardent French nationalist and somewhat sympathetic to the Commune, and thus completely in agreement with the book's themes, reworked the novel and published it under his name to help the colleague Laurie later became a famous adventure writer.
* ScienceIsBad: A definite note of this can be felt in the late novels after his ProtectionFromEditors kicked in. On the other hand, Verne, who ''always'' did the research, was too honest with himself to fall into this trope completely. For him the science was bad only [[HumansAreBastards when bad people were using it]].
* SciFiGhetto : Played with, but - surprisingly - mostly ''averted'' in the case of his contemporary readership. It helps that sci-fi wasn't an independent genre yet and that only around a third of Verne's works could be labeled as sci-fi. On the other hand, this trope was played straight in the case of theatrical adaptations of his works : The musical versions of the adventure novels ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'' and ''Michail Strogoff'' [[CashCowFranchise were pretty succesful in their time]], but there was little interest in adapting his sci-fi or more serious works.
* ShownTheirWork : His [[VindicatedByHistory famously accurate predictions about various technological advances and social changes]] were the results of many, many, many hours of hard work he did in public libraries or by consulting various scientists and experts of the time. He really ''liked'' to do his research, even for things he could have easily [[HandWave handwaved]]. This general attitude and avoiding most far-fetched concepts is what gave him the credence of an hard sci-fi writer in the eyes of modern day critics.
** This led to a rather awesome moment; the inventor of the first truly functional submarine, Simon Lake, was caught in a storm, and recalled a moment in ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' where the ''Nautilis'' dives a few feet underwater to avoid the storm. He then repeated the technique and survived, and sent Verne a telegraph thanking him.
** ''From Earth to the Moon'' has become somewhat famous for this, where Verne correctly predicted not only the location the astronauts would launch from, but the height and weight of the craft, the number of astronauts, and was accurate to being only about 2 and a half miles off from where the craft splashed down.
* SkyPirate : ''Robur the Conqueror'' and ''Master of the World'' are one of the earliest {{Trope Maker}}s, if not the UrExample.
* SteamPunk : While some of his works played this trope pretty straight (e. g. ''Steam House'', which features a [[WalkingTank walking locomotive]] with the outward appearance of an Indian elephant, touring the British Raj) and greatly inspired the whole SteamPunk aesthetic we know today, Verne often subverted this trope by presenting fictional technologies based on the existing 19. century ones, but powered by electric generators and/or powerful batteries, rather than classic steam engines. ''TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' even features [[CoolGun air rifles shooting pellet-like bullets]] ''[[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill charged with a deadly amount of concentrated electricity]]''.
* UnbuiltTrope / {{Troperrific}} : Since he's a one of the granddaddies of the science fiction genre, this is to be expected.
* ZeppelinsFromAnotherWorld : Majorly subverted in ''Robur the Conqueror'' and its sequel. The ''[[AwesomeMcCoolName Albatross]]'' of Robur and his band of [[SkyPirate sky pirates]] [[http://aerostories.free.fr/dossiers/ADAV/robur.JPG is more like]] [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot a giant helicopter with a ship-like hull]] built from a SteamPunk analogue of modern laminate/composite materials. The protagonists of the novel are members of an [[SeriousBusiness airship enthusiast club]] who get kidnapped by Robur and taken on a journey across the world on the ''Albatross'' just so Robur can make a point about heavier-than-air vehicles being the real thing of the future. Even after the protagonists escape and return home, they're still pretty convinced that airships are just better and take their long-developed giant blimp on a major public demonstration. The Albatross [[http://blogs.monlegionnaire.com/media/blogs/Bishopkiller/Robur2.jpg suddenly shows up]], has an aerial race with the airship and then defeats it by skewering its balloon. [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome Robur saves the airship's entire crew and safely carries them back to the audience, makes a little speech about the awesomeness of heavier-than-air machines and flies away, leaving the group of airship fanboys completely embarassed.]]

----
[[redirect:Creator/JulesVerne]]
5th May '12 1:19:03 PM AmusedTroperGuy
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* ''From the Earth to the Moon'' and its sequel ''Around the Moon''

to:

* ''From the Earth to the Moon'' ''FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' and its sequel ''Around the Moon''
18th Apr '12 8:27:03 AM Nohbody
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* DarkAndTroubledPast: A lot of his characters, especially those who would've been seen as social outcasts by contemporary 19th century society. Many of them eventually [[IGotBetter get better]] and become TheAtoner. Others, not so much...

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* DarkAndTroubledPast: A lot of his characters, especially those who would've been seen as social outcasts by contemporary 19th century society. Many of them eventually [[IGotBetter get better]] better and become TheAtoner. Others, not so much...
9th Mar '12 6:06:56 AM Ozymo
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* ''The Lighthouse at the End of the World''
24th Feb '12 6:02:32 AM Willbyr
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http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/julesverne.gif

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http://static.[[quoteright:239:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/julesverne.gif
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21st Feb '12 7:50:26 AM ccoa
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* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''From the Earth to the Moon''. In order to reach sufficient velocity to travel to the Moon the projectile would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities while inside the cannon, which would squash the astronauts flat no matter how much protection they had.
** This really more a case of ScienceMarchesOn - for an era well before any serious scientific study of space travel, Verne's numbers, which he calculated himself, are remarkably accurate.
19th Feb '12 9:57:44 AM DeusExBiotica
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Added DiffLines:

** This really more a case of ScienceMarchesOn - for an era well before any serious scientific study of space travel, Verne's numbers, which he calculated himself, are remarkably accurate.
3rd Feb '12 10:48:02 PM Arivne
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* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''From the Earth to the Moon''. In order to reach sufficient velocity to travel to the Moon the projectile would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities while inside the cannon, which would squash the astronauts inside flat no matter how much protection they had.

to:

* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''From the Earth to the Moon''. In order to reach sufficient velocity to travel to the Moon the projectile would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities while inside the cannon, which would squash the astronauts inside flat no matter how much protection they had.
3rd Feb '12 10:47:32 PM Arivne
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* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''From the Earth to the Moon''. To reach sufficient velocity to reach the Moon over the length of the 900 foot long cannon, the projectile would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities, which would squash the astronauts inside flat no matter how much protection they had.

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* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''From the Earth to the Moon''. To In order to reach sufficient velocity to reach travel to the Moon over the length of the 900 foot long cannon, the projectile would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities, gravities while inside the cannon, which would squash the astronauts inside flat no matter how much protection they had.
3rd Feb '12 9:41:37 PM Arivne
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Added DiffLines:

* ArtisticLicensePhysics: ''From the Earth to the Moon''. To reach sufficient velocity to reach the Moon over the length of the 900 foot long cannon, the projectile would have to accelerate at 22,000 gravities, which would squash the astronauts inside flat no matter how much protection they had.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.JulesVerne