History Main / JosipBrozTito

17th May '14 12:45:19 PM MarkLungo
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[[quoteright:284:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Tito_5836.png]]
[[caption-width-right:284:The Marshal himself]]
->''"A locksmith in his youth. An Austro-Hungarian corporal. A case hardened revolutionary. Commissioner of the Comintern. A terrorist. Red menace. A robber. An illegal with ten different passports and names. A passionate hunter. Bon vivant. He had five wives and a party of his believers. An indomitable partisan. Undefeated by Hitler and Stalin. An adaptive statesman. A born Machiavellist. The lord of second {{Yugoslavia}}. No one before and after him has on this place more material for legends. He ruled the Serbs longer than Emperor Dušan, Duke Miloš and King Aleksander who probably would have used him as a pattern. A jovial dictator. The patron of the poor. The magnet of jet set. He sold his world vision like a new Christ of the Balkan peoples. A conjurer or the protagonist of an era, it was never clear to distinguish. One thing was for sure: Nothing in his proximity was of a small scale. Fortune and misfortune, deceit and truth, charm and actuality."''
-->-- '''The intro of the Serbian documentary series ''Crveno i Crno ("Red and Black")'''''

Josip Broz (Tito) was born in Croatia in 1892. He came from [[FarmBoy a poor family]] and worked as a mechanic before being conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Army in 1914, and proved to be a very capable soldier. While fighting In the UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, he was captured by the Russian Army. Broz converted to Communism and took part in the [[RedOctober Russian Revolution]] in 1917.

Broz returned to the new Yugoslavia and became active in politics. The royalist government outlawed the Communists and in 1928, Broz was arrested and given a five-year prison sentence. On his release, he went to live in the Soviet Union and in 1934 began working for the Comintern. Soon afterward, he obtained the nickname Tito.

On the outbreak of the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar, the Comintern established the Dimitrov Battalion. Named after Georgi Dimitrov, the battalion comprised Greeks and people from the Balkans. Tito eventually became one of the battalion's senior commanders.

The Yugoslavian government headed by Prince-Regent Paul allied itself with the fascist dictatorships of Germany and Italy. However, on March 27, 1941, the Serbian people rebelled, not wanting to allow German forces to kill Jewish and Roma people on their teritory or to let them pass without a fight through Serbia to attack Greece and a military coup established a government more sympathetic to the Allies. Ten days later, the Luftwaffe bombed Yugoslavia and virtually destroyed Belgrade. The [[UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons German Army]] invaded and the government was forced into exile. Large parts of the country were annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria, and several puppet regimes were installed - the largest being the [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Croatian Ustaše]] regime of Ante Pavelić which annexed northen parts of Serbia.

Tito returned to Yugoslavia and helped establish the [[LaResistance partisan resistance fighters]]. Initially, the Allies provided military aid to the [[TheRemnant Chetniks]] led by Draža Mihailović in fighting against Croatian, Italian and German fascists. Information reached Sir WinstonChurchill that the Četniks had been collaborating with the Germans and Italians against communist partisans. At Teheran, the decision was taken in mid-1943 to switch this aid to Tito and the partisans.

1943 was a turning point for Tito's forces, since Italy surrendered in September and the Četniks' power was broken in the Battle of Neretva river (there's a famous movie about this) when the Allies finally turned their backs on them. By the end of November the same year, Tito was able to establish a government in Bosnia.

In 1944 the fortunes of war continued to favor the partisans. Adolf Hitler sent [[ItsRainingMen elite German paratroopers]] to kill Tito in his hideout Drvar, but Tito managed to escape. In May 1944, a new government of Yugoslavia was established under Ivan Šubašić. Tito was made War Minister in the new government. Tito and his partisans continued their fight against the German Army and in October 1944, they liberated Belgrade (with some Soviet assistance), thus ending the Serb puppet regime of Milan Nedić.

In March 1945, Tito became premier of Yugoslavia. By now the remaining Axis forces were in full retreat. Zagreb, the capital of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_State_of_Croatia Croatian Nazi state]] fell and its leaders either fled or were captured (and usually killed after a show trial). Some Axis forces continued to resist for a week even after Germany surrendered, but they were quickly overcome. Over the next few years he created a federation of socialist republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia) .

Tito had several disagreements with UsefulNotes/JosefStalin and in 1948, Tito took Yugoslavia out of the Comintern and pursued a policy of "positive neutralism". Influenced by the ideas of his vice president, Milovan Đilas, Tito broke with the Stalinist model of government and attempted to create a unique form of socialism that included profit-sharing workers' councils that managed industrial enterprises. Yugoslavia remained neutral throughout the UsefulNotes/ColdWar, refusing to join either {{NATO}} or the WarsawPact.

Although created president for life in 1974, Tito established a unique system of collective, rotating leadership within the country. Tito died on May 4, 1980, and the system did not last long. Lacking a strong leader, the Belgrade leadership pushed for a highly centralized state, but was resisted by the ruling parties of each republic. The economic situation of Yugoslavia also deteriorated after Tito's death and, with the collapse of the East Bloc, the communist parties lost their monopoly on power and lost the elections to the nationalists. In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence, which led to the Yugoslav Wars.

----
!!Tito provides examples of:

* AbusiveDad: All the money the young Josip got from begging was spent by his father for gambling and alcohol.
* AFatherToHisMen: As his former comrade Milovan Đilas noted (who later fell out with him), Tito genuinely cared for his men, and went to great lengths not to abandon wounded partisans. He did balance this with a healthy regard for his own life, because he was greatly worried about what would become of his movement should he die.
* ArchEnemy: Of the Chetnik Leader Draža Mihailović.
** And of Ante Pavelić, the leader of the Croatian fascist puppet state (and the ruling Ustaše movement).
* {{Badass}}: Starting as a locksmith he was a veteran of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, a spy, a Casanova, a freedom fighter who almost on his own liberated Yugoslavia and a statesman who, along with Nkrumah, Sukarno, Selassie, [[UsefulNotes/GamalAbdelNasser Nasser]] and Nehru, founded the Non-Aligned Movement, all in one single life.
** BadassGrandpa: He was around 50 during UsefulNotes/WW2, but could still beat the vast majority of his partisans in the endurance department.
** BadassInANiceSuit: In his Marshall uniform.
** ColonelBadass
* BadassBoast: The following message from Tito was found in UsefulNotes/JosefStalin's personal papers following his death:
-->Stop sending people to kill me. We've already captured five of them, one of them with a bomb and another with a rifle... If you don't stop sending killers, I'll send a very fast working one to Moscow and I certainly won't have to send another.
* BadassLongcoat: He wore this look during World War 2.
* BashBrothers: With Milovan Đilas and Aleksandar Ranković during World War II.
* BattleCouple: With Jovanka during his partisan years.
* BlackAndGrayMorality: Him versus TsaristRussia, him versus [[EvilOverlord Alexander's royal dictatorship]], him versus [[TheEmpire the Axis]] and [[TheQuisling their collaborators]], him versus JosephStalin, him versus [[TheCaligula Enver Hoxha]].... the man's life was basically one large collection of this trope. The fact that he was the [[ALighterShadeOfBlack lighter shade of black]] in pretty much all of this should tell you plenty about his life and times.
** ALighterShadeOfGray: A more charitable account.
* BoisterousBruiser: He liked to show off, and had an incredible constitution. During UsefulNotes/WW2, he could march for really long distances without tiring, leaving his companions huffing and swearing as they forced themselves to keep up. And remember, he was around 50 years old then!
* ButNotTooForeign: He was born to a Croat father and a Slovene mother.
* TheCasanova: He was a womanizer to be sure, but some modern biographers believe that this reputation may have been somewhat overstated - the evidence for many of his affairs is shaky at best, non-existent at worst.
* UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories: There are literally dozens of these about Tito. Some of the juicier ones include:
** The real Tito died in UsefulNotes/WW1, and the guy remembered as Tito was actually a Russian spy.
*** One "argument" used to back the thesis is Tito's strange accent that sounds like a Russian trying to speak Serbo-Croatian. As a matter of fact this accent is actually common in the Zagorje region where Tito was born. In fact one Croatian documentary suggest that Tito spent most of his childhood with his Slovene mother, making Slovenian his de facto native language.
** As above, but the guy who replaced him was a Polish count.
** As above, but this time it was a German soldier. (all three theories have been thoroughly debunked)
** On his death bed, Tito asked for a priest and converted to Catholicism. The priest was later assassinated by an unknown killer.
** Similar to the above, but he converted to Islam. (there was a very similar theory involving Lenin converting to Christianity on his deathbed, and both these theories greatly resemble it. There is no proof at all of Tito converting, or that the alleged priest was assassinated.)
** Tito had a secret space program (there is a grain of truth to this one, since Yugoslav scientists worked with both Soviet and American space agencies, and thus had a lot of knowledge on space technology. But that Yugoslavia had the economic strength to realize such a project is pushing it).
** Tito had Stalin assassinated (Stalin did send many assassins to kill Tito, and twice they managed to get close enough to actually endanger his life. In response, Tito made the BadassBoast mentioned above. But there's zero proof that a Yugoslav agent killed Stalin, who most likely died from natural causes).
** Tito was Winston Churchill's son (do we need to comment this one?).
** Tito was secretly a fascist (rubbish spread by the Enver Hoxha, the Stalinist dictator of Albania and his followers. This is very similar to how Stalin painted Leon Trotsky as a fascist spy).
** Tito secretly favored one of the Yugoslav nations against the others, usually the Serbs, Croats or Albanians (mostly spread by Serb or Croat nationalists, there is one again very little to prove this. The available evidence shows he identified himself as a Croat, but also clearly mentions he considered that subordinate to being a Yugoslav. While Tito's government did reduce the area directly under Serb control and most of those sent to the Goli Otok labour camp were Serbs or Montenegrins, it is also true that most of the [=POW=]s massacred after UsefulNotes/WW2 were Croats. The accusation that he favoured Albanians is particularly absurd, as he for a long time turned a blind eye to the discrimination his lieutenant Alexandar Ranković was carrying out in Kosovo. In sum, Tito generally did his best to balance between the various national factions in his country, which was not an easy task, since Yugoslavia never got rid of it's powerful national lobbies - who eventually triumphed, and which led to the disintegration of the state).
* CrowningMomentOfAwesome: Told MargaretThatcher that women shouldn't meddle in politics to which she responded "Mister Tito, I don't meddle in politics, [[IAmTheTrope I am politics]]." Nobody lays down the smack like Thatcher.
* CunningLinguist: Besides his native Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Tito was also fluent in Russian, German and Czech. He could read French and Italian, and also learned English after UsefulNotes/WW2, though he never became a fluent speaker. He even picked up some Kirghiz during World War I and the Russian Civil War.
* TheDandy: Wearing nice clothes was Tito's passion from an early age and he almost always took pains to look his best. However, this trope only really kicked in after UsefulNotes/WorldWar2; before that, he was generally not wealthy enough - or too busy fighting - to afford good clothes.
* DarkMessiah: While he presented himself as the new Christ to the Yugoslav population, he did commit (or at least tolerate) horrible acts in order to keep the nation together.
** He not only presented himself as a messiah, he genuinely believed it - at least according to the memoirs of his associates. In fact, there's a lot to suggest he had a belief he was somehow special since an early age.
* DavidVersusGoliath: The Tito-Stalin split had some elements of this, with Tito standing alone against the entire East Bloc. In the end, he won through diplomatic means (as well as purging most of the Stalinists in his party).
** Also, the struggle against the Axis occupation. Ironically, he was on the *receiving* end of this as well, towards or after the end of the war, when the JANL became vastly superior to their enemies, and later when he tried to seize parts of Austria only to be stopped dead by the hodgepodge local militias, and in his conflict with Hoxha and Albania.
* {{Determinator}}: Especially in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. For the most time he personally fought, starved and suffered [[TrueCompanions along with his fellow partisans]] on the front line. Often wounded in battle and escaped death only by inches.
** He bears the distinction of being the only military commander-in-chief to be wounded in action during UsefulNotes/WW2.
* DirtyCommunists: Played with strongly, to the point of zig-zagging. That he was a totalitarian Communist strongman with a *lot* of blood on his hands no matter how you measure it is more or less beyond dispute. However, he also was a considerable improvement over the Yugoslav Kingdom and the Axis occupation, and his policies helped wield the country together in relative harmony. After the Tito-Stalin split in 1948 he and Yugoslavia secretly had a close relationship with the United States in contrast to every other Eastern Bloc country, without going so far as to outright alienate the Warsaw Pact. In fact, NATO was even willing to offer military assistance in case of a Soviet invasion while the Soviets were willing to offer it if NATO invaded.
* {{Egopolis}}: Titograd (today Podgorica) in Montenegro, Titov Drvar in Bosnia, Titova Korenica in Croatia, Titova Mitrovica in Kosovo, Titovo Užice and Titov Vrbas in Serbia, Titovo Velenje in Slovenia and Titov Veles in Macedonia. Those cities dropped Tito's name when Yugoslavia collapsed. Some streets and squares in these countries still bear his name, though.
* EqualOpportunityEvil : One of the sources of his enduring popularity; he didn't care what or who you were so long as you were a competent, *loyal* member of he party,which was a vast improvement over the Serbian-dominated Royalists and the Axis puppet states.
* EvilOverlord: Depends on how evil you regard him. While almost half of the Croats and Serbs see him like this, Bosniaks and Macedonians would beg to differ.
** This probably has something to do with the fact that Tito actually supported the Bosniaks and Macedonians in their efforts to achieve autonomy. Bear in mind that a lot of Serbs and Croats live in Bosnia, and both nations have attempted to claim Bosnia as their own in the past. Similarly, Macedonia was considered by many historical Serb rulers to be "Southern Serbia", and Greece and Albania also had territorial pretensions towards it.
* FolkHero: Basically became one during World War II. Also, Yugoslav state media often deliberately depicted him as this. His name was woven into many folk songs (often deliberately, but sometimes spontaneously.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Regarding Yugoslavia, he said: [[TheYugoslavWars "If you saw what I see for the future of Yugoslavia, it would scare you."]]
* FromNobodyToNightmare: As above mentioned, he was in his youth a poor locksmith and ended as one of the most influential persons of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.
* GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff: Tito is still popular in quite a few countries that belong(ed) to the Non-Aligned Movement. You may find a street or two named after him in the most unlikely of places.
* ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice: Happened to him during World War I, when a Cossack stabbed him in the back using a lance. He got better, though.
* ImprobableAge: He was at the age of 22 the youngest Sergeant Major in the Austro-Hungarian army.
* {{Irony}}: Had a prison camp built on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goli_otok Goli Otok island]], mainly to hold [[JosephStalin Stalinist]] dissidents.
* ItsAllAboutMe: He was quite vain, and rarely admitted his mistakes, but not foolish; although he hated to admit it, he would take note of his mistakes and try not to repeat them.
* KavorkaMan: Not only was he married to the 32 years younger Jovanka but was also rumored to have affairs when he was in his eighties.
* KickTheSonOfABitch: Subverted with the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleiburg_massacre Massacre of Bleiburg]]. Not only were surrendering [[ThoseWackyNazis Wehrmacht soldiers]], [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Ustasha]], [[TheRemnant Chetniks]], and [[PunchClockVillain Domobrani]] murdered en masse by the partisans, but sadly many civilians too.
* {{Leitmotif}} / AwesomeMusic: Has many.
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjGfeC-vGt0 Uz Marsala Tita]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29Q9QvNCJlU Druze Tito mi ti se kunemo]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4cGolifTtKU Druze Tito jagodo iz rose]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aYBt_jbnF0&feature=related Ratuj Tito cestito ti bilo]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aezsbni0T8A&feature=related Druze Tito Sokolovo krilo]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qna0nBFx7d0&feature=related Titovim putem]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hsrNP3QD3YI Tito je nase sunce]]
* MadeOfIron: According to one of his security chiefs, 57 assassination attempts were planned against Tito from the year 1928 to his death, and four times the assassins almost succeeded (he was wounded in one attempt in 1947, and survived another one in 1950 thanks to his bulletproof vest). He also barely survived being impaled by a lance during World War I (it took him 13 months to recover) and was lightly wounded by bomb shrapnel during World War II.
* MagnificentBastard: He repeatedly evaded capture by the Axis forces (including the elite paratroopers and mountain divisions sent after him) and managed to pull off several clever ruses, such as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Neretva one that involved blowing up the bridge over the river Neretva to make it look like his troops would go elsewhere, but then crossing the river using an improvised bridge]].
* MasterSwordsman: He won the silver medal at an Austro-Hungarian army sword-fighting championship.
* MayDecemberRomance: With Jovanka.
** In fact, all four of his wives (and many of his mistresses) were a lot younger than him.
* MeaningfulFuneral: His funeral was attended by 4 kings, 31 presidents, 6 princes, 22 prime ministers and 47 ministers of foreign affairs; together they represented almost every country of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar-era.
* MrViceGuy: He liked to live the good life. He only drank moderately, though.
* MultinationalTeam: His partisans - and later Yugoslavia itself - consisted of seven major nationalities (Slovenes, Croats, Bosniaks, Serbs, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Albanians) and three major religions (Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Muslims). There were also smaller groups such as the Czechs, Italians, Jews etc.
* NoOneGetsLeftBehind: Tito was big on this one, and famously managed to keep his pledge to save all the wounded after the Battle of the Neretva.
* OldSoldier: From World War II onwards he was 10+ years older than most of his subordinate commanders (this is partly because many senior Communists were wiped out in Stalin's Great Purge). He was sometimes called by the nickname "Old Man".
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: Almost everyone simply called him "Comrade/Marshal Tito".
* PragmaticVillainy: Definitely! He gave the Axis soldiers several chances to surrender and receive amnesty. By the end of the war a lot of them ended up fighting for the partisans (the number of partisans grew from 250,000 to 800,000 from 1944 to 1945!).
* RatedMForManly: Just read his biography or the rest of his entries. His depiction in Yugoslav propaganda did sometimes even go into TestosteronePoisoning.
* ReallyGetsAround: Tito was married four times and allegedly had children with at least 17 women. God knows how many affairs this man had.
* RebelLeader: Quite possibly the greatest guerrilla leader of World War II.
* TheRemnant: Played briefly straight during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII after the provisorial [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_U%C5%BEice Republic of Uzice]] was overrun by the Axis.
* TearJerker: His death. Not only did an entire nation weep the death of their beloved leader but also kings, presidents, princes, prime ministers and ministers of foreign affairs from no less than 128 countries attended his funeral, making it the largest state funeral in history at this time. What made his death the most depressing was that most people of former Yugoslavia were well aware that he was the main reason that kept Yugoslavia together. When you [[TheYugoslavWars fast forward eleven years]] it becomes apparent that on May 4th 1980 not only Tito, but Yugoslavia itself died.
* VetinariJobSecurity: Oh yeah. [[TheYugoslavWars Unfortunate in the long run]]...
* WhiteStallion: As seen [[http://www.hrvatski-vojnik.hr/hrvatski-vojnik/2882010/bpictures/tito-konj.jpg here]].

!!In fiction:

* Included in the manga ''Ishi No Hana'' by Sakaguchi Hisashi, as a secondary character.
* Tito appears in ''The Battle of Sutjeska'' where he is played by RichardBurton.
* Mentioned in ''Literature/TheManWiththeIronHeart'' by Creator/HarryTurtledove. Heydrich used Tito's tactics as an inspiration for the German Freedom Front.
* Dolgare from ''TacticsOgre'' is based on him.
* The Serbian film ''{{Underground}}'' mentions him a number of times, and one of the two main characters is a disciple of his. Archive footage of Tito's funeral is used in the film, focusing on the many foreign dignitaries in attendance. The film was criticized in some circles for lionizing Tito and presenting a rose-colored view of Communist Yugoslavia.
* Appears in the HeartsOfIron series as both a military and a political leader.
* There was a board game released in the early eighties called ''Tito and his Partisan Army''. It had a very innovative ending, but the abstract gameboard and lack of hexes (which were very popular back then) meant its sales were poor.
* His partisans, and later the Yugoslav People's Army feature in the ''SteelPanthers'' series.

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to:

[[quoteright:284:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Tito_5836.png]]
[[caption-width-right:284:The Marshal himself]]
->''"A locksmith in his youth. An Austro-Hungarian corporal. A case hardened revolutionary. Commissioner of the Comintern. A terrorist. Red menace. A robber. An illegal with ten different passports and names. A passionate hunter. Bon vivant. He had five wives and a party of his believers. An indomitable partisan. Undefeated by Hitler and Stalin. An adaptive statesman. A born Machiavellist. The lord of second {{Yugoslavia}}. No one before and after him has on this place more material for legends. He ruled the Serbs longer than Emperor Dušan, Duke Miloš and King Aleksander who probably would have used him as a pattern. A jovial dictator. The patron of the poor. The magnet of jet set. He sold his world vision like a new Christ of the Balkan peoples. A conjurer or the protagonist of an era, it was never clear to distinguish. One thing was for sure: Nothing in his proximity was of a small scale. Fortune and misfortune, deceit and truth, charm and actuality."''
-->-- '''The intro of the Serbian documentary series ''Crveno i Crno ("Red and Black")'''''

Josip Broz (Tito) was born in Croatia in 1892. He came from [[FarmBoy a poor family]] and worked as a mechanic before being conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Army in 1914, and proved to be a very capable soldier. While fighting In the UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, he was captured by the Russian Army. Broz converted to Communism and took part in the [[RedOctober Russian Revolution]] in 1917.

Broz returned to the new Yugoslavia and became active in politics. The royalist government outlawed the Communists and in 1928, Broz was arrested and given a five-year prison sentence. On his release, he went to live in the Soviet Union and in 1934 began working for the Comintern. Soon afterward, he obtained the nickname Tito.

On the outbreak of the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar, the Comintern established the Dimitrov Battalion. Named after Georgi Dimitrov, the battalion comprised Greeks and people from the Balkans. Tito eventually became one of the battalion's senior commanders.

The Yugoslavian government headed by Prince-Regent Paul allied itself with the fascist dictatorships of Germany and Italy. However, on March 27, 1941, the Serbian people rebelled, not wanting to allow German forces to kill Jewish and Roma people on their teritory or to let them pass without a fight through Serbia to attack Greece and a military coup established a government more sympathetic to the Allies. Ten days later, the Luftwaffe bombed Yugoslavia and virtually destroyed Belgrade. The [[UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons German Army]] invaded and the government was forced into exile. Large parts of the country were annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria, and several puppet regimes were installed - the largest being the [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Croatian Ustaše]] regime of Ante Pavelić which annexed northen parts of Serbia.

Tito returned to Yugoslavia and helped establish the [[LaResistance partisan resistance fighters]]. Initially, the Allies provided military aid to the [[TheRemnant Chetniks]] led by Draža Mihailović in fighting against Croatian, Italian and German fascists. Information reached Sir WinstonChurchill that the Četniks had been collaborating with the Germans and Italians against communist partisans. At Teheran, the decision was taken in mid-1943 to switch this aid to Tito and the partisans.

1943 was a turning point for Tito's forces, since Italy surrendered in September and the Četniks' power was broken in the Battle of Neretva river (there's a famous movie about this) when the Allies finally turned their backs on them. By the end of November the same year, Tito was able to establish a government in Bosnia.

In 1944 the fortunes of war continued to favor the partisans. Adolf Hitler sent [[ItsRainingMen elite German paratroopers]] to kill Tito in his hideout Drvar, but Tito managed to escape. In May 1944, a new government of Yugoslavia was established under Ivan Šubašić. Tito was made War Minister in the new government. Tito and his partisans continued their fight against the German Army and in October 1944, they liberated Belgrade (with some Soviet assistance), thus ending the Serb puppet regime of Milan Nedić.

In March 1945, Tito became premier of Yugoslavia. By now the remaining Axis forces were in full retreat. Zagreb, the capital of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_State_of_Croatia Croatian Nazi state]] fell and its leaders either fled or were captured (and usually killed after a show trial). Some Axis forces continued to resist for a week even after Germany surrendered, but they were quickly overcome. Over the next few years he created a federation of socialist republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia) .

Tito had several disagreements with UsefulNotes/JosefStalin and in 1948, Tito took Yugoslavia out of the Comintern and pursued a policy of "positive neutralism". Influenced by the ideas of his vice president, Milovan Đilas, Tito broke with the Stalinist model of government and attempted to create a unique form of socialism that included profit-sharing workers' councils that managed industrial enterprises. Yugoslavia remained neutral throughout the UsefulNotes/ColdWar, refusing to join either {{NATO}} or the WarsawPact.

Although created president for life in 1974, Tito established a unique system of collective, rotating leadership within the country. Tito died on May 4, 1980, and the system did not last long. Lacking a strong leader, the Belgrade leadership pushed for a highly centralized state, but was resisted by the ruling parties of each republic. The economic situation of Yugoslavia also deteriorated after Tito's death and, with the collapse of the East Bloc, the communist parties lost their monopoly on power and lost the elections to the nationalists. In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence, which led to the Yugoslav Wars.

----
!!Tito provides examples of:

* AbusiveDad: All the money the young Josip got from begging was spent by his father for gambling and alcohol.
* AFatherToHisMen: As his former comrade Milovan Đilas noted (who later fell out with him), Tito genuinely cared for his men, and went to great lengths not to abandon wounded partisans. He did balance this with a healthy regard for his own life, because he was greatly worried about what would become of his movement should he die.
* ArchEnemy: Of the Chetnik Leader Draža Mihailović.
** And of Ante Pavelić, the leader of the Croatian fascist puppet state (and the ruling Ustaše movement).
* {{Badass}}: Starting as a locksmith he was a veteran of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, a spy, a Casanova, a freedom fighter who almost on his own liberated Yugoslavia and a statesman who, along with Nkrumah, Sukarno, Selassie, [[UsefulNotes/GamalAbdelNasser Nasser]] and Nehru, founded the Non-Aligned Movement, all in one single life.
** BadassGrandpa: He was around 50 during UsefulNotes/WW2, but could still beat the vast majority of his partisans in the endurance department.
** BadassInANiceSuit: In his Marshall uniform.
** ColonelBadass
* BadassBoast: The following message from Tito was found in UsefulNotes/JosefStalin's personal papers following his death:
-->Stop sending people to kill me. We've already captured five of them, one of them with a bomb and another with a rifle... If you don't stop sending killers, I'll send a very fast working one to Moscow and I certainly won't have to send another.
* BadassLongcoat: He wore this look during World War 2.
* BashBrothers: With Milovan Đilas and Aleksandar Ranković during World War II.
* BattleCouple: With Jovanka during his partisan years.
* BlackAndGrayMorality: Him versus TsaristRussia, him versus [[EvilOverlord Alexander's royal dictatorship]], him versus [[TheEmpire the Axis]] and [[TheQuisling their collaborators]], him versus JosephStalin, him versus [[TheCaligula Enver Hoxha]].... the man's life was basically one large collection of this trope. The fact that he was the [[ALighterShadeOfBlack lighter shade of black]] in pretty much all of this should tell you plenty about his life and times.
** ALighterShadeOfGray: A more charitable account.
* BoisterousBruiser: He liked to show off, and had an incredible constitution. During UsefulNotes/WW2, he could march for really long distances without tiring, leaving his companions huffing and swearing as they forced themselves to keep up. And remember, he was around 50 years old then!
* ButNotTooForeign: He was born to a Croat father and a Slovene mother.
* TheCasanova: He was a womanizer to be sure, but some modern biographers believe that this reputation may have been somewhat overstated - the evidence for many of his affairs is shaky at best, non-existent at worst.
* UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories: There are literally dozens of these about Tito. Some of the juicier ones include:
** The real Tito died in UsefulNotes/WW1, and the guy remembered as Tito was actually a Russian spy.
*** One "argument" used to back the thesis is Tito's strange accent that sounds like a Russian trying to speak Serbo-Croatian. As a matter of fact this accent is actually common in the Zagorje region where Tito was born. In fact one Croatian documentary suggest that Tito spent most of his childhood with his Slovene mother, making Slovenian his de facto native language.
** As above, but the guy who replaced him was a Polish count.
** As above, but this time it was a German soldier. (all three theories have been thoroughly debunked)
** On his death bed, Tito asked for a priest and converted to Catholicism. The priest was later assassinated by an unknown killer.
** Similar to the above, but he converted to Islam. (there was a very similar theory involving Lenin converting to Christianity on his deathbed, and both these theories greatly resemble it. There is no proof at all of Tito converting, or that the alleged priest was assassinated.)
** Tito had a secret space program (there is a grain of truth to this one, since Yugoslav scientists worked with both Soviet and American space agencies, and thus had a lot of knowledge on space technology. But that Yugoslavia had the economic strength to realize such a project is pushing it).
** Tito had Stalin assassinated (Stalin did send many assassins to kill Tito, and twice they managed to get close enough to actually endanger his life. In response, Tito made the BadassBoast mentioned above. But there's zero proof that a Yugoslav agent killed Stalin, who most likely died from natural causes).
** Tito was Winston Churchill's son (do we need to comment this one?).
** Tito was secretly a fascist (rubbish spread by the Enver Hoxha, the Stalinist dictator of Albania and his followers. This is very similar to how Stalin painted Leon Trotsky as a fascist spy).
** Tito secretly favored one of the Yugoslav nations against the others, usually the Serbs, Croats or Albanians (mostly spread by Serb or Croat nationalists, there is one again very little to prove this. The available evidence shows he identified himself as a Croat, but also clearly mentions he considered that subordinate to being a Yugoslav. While Tito's government did reduce the area directly under Serb control and most of those sent to the Goli Otok labour camp were Serbs or Montenegrins, it is also true that most of the [=POW=]s massacred after UsefulNotes/WW2 were Croats. The accusation that he favoured Albanians is particularly absurd, as he for a long time turned a blind eye to the discrimination his lieutenant Alexandar Ranković was carrying out in Kosovo. In sum, Tito generally did his best to balance between the various national factions in his country, which was not an easy task, since Yugoslavia never got rid of it's powerful national lobbies - who eventually triumphed, and which led to the disintegration of the state).
* CrowningMomentOfAwesome: Told MargaretThatcher that women shouldn't meddle in politics to which she responded "Mister Tito, I don't meddle in politics, [[IAmTheTrope I am politics]]." Nobody lays down the smack like Thatcher.
* CunningLinguist: Besides his native Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Tito was also fluent in Russian, German and Czech. He could read French and Italian, and also learned English after UsefulNotes/WW2, though he never became a fluent speaker. He even picked up some Kirghiz during World War I and the Russian Civil War.
* TheDandy: Wearing nice clothes was Tito's passion from an early age and he almost always took pains to look his best. However, this trope only really kicked in after UsefulNotes/WorldWar2; before that, he was generally not wealthy enough - or too busy fighting - to afford good clothes.
* DarkMessiah: While he presented himself as the new Christ to the Yugoslav population, he did commit (or at least tolerate) horrible acts in order to keep the nation together.
** He not only presented himself as a messiah, he genuinely believed it - at least according to the memoirs of his associates. In fact, there's a lot to suggest he had a belief he was somehow special since an early age.
* DavidVersusGoliath: The Tito-Stalin split had some elements of this, with Tito standing alone against the entire East Bloc. In the end, he won through diplomatic means (as well as purging most of the Stalinists in his party).
** Also, the struggle against the Axis occupation. Ironically, he was on the *receiving* end of this as well, towards or after the end of the war, when the JANL became vastly superior to their enemies, and later when he tried to seize parts of Austria only to be stopped dead by the hodgepodge local militias, and in his conflict with Hoxha and Albania.
* {{Determinator}}: Especially in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. For the most time he personally fought, starved and suffered [[TrueCompanions along with his fellow partisans]] on the front line. Often wounded in battle and escaped death only by inches.
** He bears the distinction of being the only military commander-in-chief to be wounded in action during UsefulNotes/WW2.
* DirtyCommunists: Played with strongly, to the point of zig-zagging. That he was a totalitarian Communist strongman with a *lot* of blood on his hands no matter how you measure it is more or less beyond dispute. However, he also was a considerable improvement over the Yugoslav Kingdom and the Axis occupation, and his policies helped wield the country together in relative harmony. After the Tito-Stalin split in 1948 he and Yugoslavia secretly had a close relationship with the United States in contrast to every other Eastern Bloc country, without going so far as to outright alienate the Warsaw Pact. In fact, NATO was even willing to offer military assistance in case of a Soviet invasion while the Soviets were willing to offer it if NATO invaded.
* {{Egopolis}}: Titograd (today Podgorica) in Montenegro, Titov Drvar in Bosnia, Titova Korenica in Croatia, Titova Mitrovica in Kosovo, Titovo Užice and Titov Vrbas in Serbia, Titovo Velenje in Slovenia and Titov Veles in Macedonia. Those cities dropped Tito's name when Yugoslavia collapsed. Some streets and squares in these countries still bear his name, though.
* EqualOpportunityEvil : One of the sources of his enduring popularity; he didn't care what or who you were so long as you were a competent, *loyal* member of he party,which was a vast improvement over the Serbian-dominated Royalists and the Axis puppet states.
* EvilOverlord: Depends on how evil you regard him. While almost half of the Croats and Serbs see him like this, Bosniaks and Macedonians would beg to differ.
** This probably has something to do with the fact that Tito actually supported the Bosniaks and Macedonians in their efforts to achieve autonomy. Bear in mind that a lot of Serbs and Croats live in Bosnia, and both nations have attempted to claim Bosnia as their own in the past. Similarly, Macedonia was considered by many historical Serb rulers to be "Southern Serbia", and Greece and Albania also had territorial pretensions towards it.
* FolkHero: Basically became one during World War II. Also, Yugoslav state media often deliberately depicted him as this. His name was woven into many folk songs (often deliberately, but sometimes spontaneously.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Regarding Yugoslavia, he said: [[TheYugoslavWars "If you saw what I see for the future of Yugoslavia, it would scare you."]]
* FromNobodyToNightmare: As above mentioned, he was in his youth a poor locksmith and ended as one of the most influential persons of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.
* GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff: Tito is still popular in quite a few countries that belong(ed) to the Non-Aligned Movement. You may find a street or two named after him in the most unlikely of places.
* ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice: Happened to him during World War I, when a Cossack stabbed him in the back using a lance. He got better, though.
* ImprobableAge: He was at the age of 22 the youngest Sergeant Major in the Austro-Hungarian army.
* {{Irony}}: Had a prison camp built on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goli_otok Goli Otok island]], mainly to hold [[JosephStalin Stalinist]] dissidents.
* ItsAllAboutMe: He was quite vain, and rarely admitted his mistakes, but not foolish; although he hated to admit it, he would take note of his mistakes and try not to repeat them.
* KavorkaMan: Not only was he married to the 32 years younger Jovanka but was also rumored to have affairs when he was in his eighties.
* KickTheSonOfABitch: Subverted with the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleiburg_massacre Massacre of Bleiburg]]. Not only were surrendering [[ThoseWackyNazis Wehrmacht soldiers]], [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Ustasha]], [[TheRemnant Chetniks]], and [[PunchClockVillain Domobrani]] murdered en masse by the partisans, but sadly many civilians too.
* {{Leitmotif}} / AwesomeMusic: Has many.
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjGfeC-vGt0 Uz Marsala Tita]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29Q9QvNCJlU Druze Tito mi ti se kunemo]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4cGolifTtKU Druze Tito jagodo iz rose]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aYBt_jbnF0&feature=related Ratuj Tito cestito ti bilo]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aezsbni0T8A&feature=related Druze Tito Sokolovo krilo]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qna0nBFx7d0&feature=related Titovim putem]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hsrNP3QD3YI Tito je nase sunce]]
* MadeOfIron: According to one of his security chiefs, 57 assassination attempts were planned against Tito from the year 1928 to his death, and four times the assassins almost succeeded (he was wounded in one attempt in 1947, and survived another one in 1950 thanks to his bulletproof vest). He also barely survived being impaled by a lance during World War I (it took him 13 months to recover) and was lightly wounded by bomb shrapnel during World War II.
* MagnificentBastard: He repeatedly evaded capture by the Axis forces (including the elite paratroopers and mountain divisions sent after him) and managed to pull off several clever ruses, such as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Neretva one that involved blowing up the bridge over the river Neretva to make it look like his troops would go elsewhere, but then crossing the river using an improvised bridge]].
* MasterSwordsman: He won the silver medal at an Austro-Hungarian army sword-fighting championship.
* MayDecemberRomance: With Jovanka.
** In fact, all four of his wives (and many of his mistresses) were a lot younger than him.
* MeaningfulFuneral: His funeral was attended by 4 kings, 31 presidents, 6 princes, 22 prime ministers and 47 ministers of foreign affairs; together they represented almost every country of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar-era.
* MrViceGuy: He liked to live the good life. He only drank moderately, though.
* MultinationalTeam: His partisans - and later Yugoslavia itself - consisted of seven major nationalities (Slovenes, Croats, Bosniaks, Serbs, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Albanians) and three major religions (Catholics, Orthodox Christians and Muslims). There were also smaller groups such as the Czechs, Italians, Jews etc.
* NoOneGetsLeftBehind: Tito was big on this one, and famously managed to keep his pledge to save all the wounded after the Battle of the Neretva.
* OldSoldier: From World War II onwards he was 10+ years older than most of his subordinate commanders (this is partly because many senior Communists were wiped out in Stalin's Great Purge). He was sometimes called by the nickname "Old Man".
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: Almost everyone simply called him "Comrade/Marshal Tito".
* PragmaticVillainy: Definitely! He gave the Axis soldiers several chances to surrender and receive amnesty. By the end of the war a lot of them ended up fighting for the partisans (the number of partisans grew from 250,000 to 800,000 from 1944 to 1945!).
* RatedMForManly: Just read his biography or the rest of his entries. His depiction in Yugoslav propaganda did sometimes even go into TestosteronePoisoning.
* ReallyGetsAround: Tito was married four times and allegedly had children with at least 17 women. God knows how many affairs this man had.
* RebelLeader: Quite possibly the greatest guerrilla leader of World War II.
* TheRemnant: Played briefly straight during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII after the provisorial [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_U%C5%BEice Republic of Uzice]] was overrun by the Axis.
* TearJerker: His death. Not only did an entire nation weep the death of their beloved leader but also kings, presidents, princes, prime ministers and ministers of foreign affairs from no less than 128 countries attended his funeral, making it the largest state funeral in history at this time. What made his death the most depressing was that most people of former Yugoslavia were well aware that he was the main reason that kept Yugoslavia together. When you [[TheYugoslavWars fast forward eleven years]] it becomes apparent that on May 4th 1980 not only Tito, but Yugoslavia itself died.
* VetinariJobSecurity: Oh yeah. [[TheYugoslavWars Unfortunate in the long run]]...
* WhiteStallion: As seen [[http://www.hrvatski-vojnik.hr/hrvatski-vojnik/2882010/bpictures/tito-konj.jpg here]].

!!In fiction:

* Included in the manga ''Ishi No Hana'' by Sakaguchi Hisashi, as a secondary character.
* Tito appears in ''The Battle of Sutjeska'' where he is played by RichardBurton.
* Mentioned in ''Literature/TheManWiththeIronHeart'' by Creator/HarryTurtledove. Heydrich used Tito's tactics as an inspiration for the German Freedom Front.
* Dolgare from ''TacticsOgre'' is based on him.
* The Serbian film ''{{Underground}}'' mentions him a number of times, and one of the two main characters is a disciple of his. Archive footage of Tito's funeral is used in the film, focusing on the many foreign dignitaries in attendance. The film was criticized in some circles for lionizing Tito and presenting a rose-colored view of Communist Yugoslavia.
* Appears in the HeartsOfIron series as both a military and a political leader.
* There was a board game released in the early eighties called ''Tito and his Partisan Army''. It had a very innovative ending, but the abstract gameboard and lack of hexes (which were very popular back then) meant its sales were poor.
* His partisans, and later the Yugoslav People's Army feature in the ''SteelPanthers'' series.

----
[[redirect:UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito]]
13th May '14 5:46:36 PM MarkLungo
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* {{Badass}}: Starting as a locksmith he was a veteran of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, a spy, a Casanova, a freedom fighter who almost on his own liberated Yugoslavia and a statesman who, along with Nkrumah, Sukarno, Selassie, Nasser and Nehru, founded the Non-Aligned Movement, all in one single life.

to:

* {{Badass}}: Starting as a locksmith he was a veteran of UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, a spy, a Casanova, a freedom fighter who almost on his own liberated Yugoslavia and a statesman who, along with Nkrumah, Sukarno, Selassie, Nasser [[UsefulNotes/GamalAbdelNasser Nasser]] and Nehru, founded the Non-Aligned Movement, all in one single life.
10th May '14 9:13:09 AM LongLiveHumour
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Tito had several disagreements with JosefStalin and in 1948, Tito took Yugoslavia out of the Comintern and pursued a policy of "positive neutralism". Influenced by the ideas of his vice president, Milovan Đilas, Tito broke with the Stalinist model of government and attempted to create a unique form of socialism that included profit-sharing workers' councils that managed industrial enterprises. Yugoslavia remained neutral throughout the ColdWar, refusing to join either {{NATO}} or the WarsawPact.

to:

Tito had several disagreements with JosefStalin UsefulNotes/JosefStalin and in 1948, Tito took Yugoslavia out of the Comintern and pursued a policy of "positive neutralism". Influenced by the ideas of his vice president, Milovan Đilas, Tito broke with the Stalinist model of government and attempted to create a unique form of socialism that included profit-sharing workers' councils that managed industrial enterprises. Yugoslavia remained neutral throughout the ColdWar, UsefulNotes/ColdWar, refusing to join either {{NATO}} or the WarsawPact.



* {{Badass}}: Starting as a locksmith he was a veteran of WorldWarOne, a spy, a Casanova, a freedom fighter who almost on his own liberated Yugoslavia and a statesman who, along with Nkrumah, Sukarno, Selassie, Nasser and Nehru, founded the Non-Aligned Movement, all in one single life.
** BadassGrandpa: He was around 50 during WW2, but could still beat the vast majority of his partisans in the endurance department.

to:

* {{Badass}}: Starting as a locksmith he was a veteran of WorldWarOne, UsefulNotes/WorldWarOne, a spy, a Casanova, a freedom fighter who almost on his own liberated Yugoslavia and a statesman who, along with Nkrumah, Sukarno, Selassie, Nasser and Nehru, founded the Non-Aligned Movement, all in one single life.
** BadassGrandpa: He was around 50 during WW2, UsefulNotes/WW2, but could still beat the vast majority of his partisans in the endurance department.



* BadassBoast: The following message from Tito was found in JosefStalin's personal papers following his death:

to:

* BadassBoast: The following message from Tito was found in JosefStalin's UsefulNotes/JosefStalin's personal papers following his death:



* BoisterousBruiser: He liked to show off, and had an incredible constitution. During WW2, he could march for really long distances without tiring, leaving his companions huffing and swearing as they forced themselves to keep up. And remember, he was around 50 years old then!

to:

* BoisterousBruiser: He liked to show off, and had an incredible constitution. During WW2, UsefulNotes/WW2, he could march for really long distances without tiring, leaving his companions huffing and swearing as they forced themselves to keep up. And remember, he was around 50 years old then!



** The real Tito died in WW1, and the guy remembered as Tito was actually a Russian spy.

to:

** The real Tito died in WW1, UsefulNotes/WW1, and the guy remembered as Tito was actually a Russian spy.



** Tito secretly favored one of the Yugoslav nations against the others, usually the Serbs, Croats or Albanians (mostly spread by Serb or Croat nationalists, there is one again very little to prove this. The available evidence shows he identified himself as a Croat, but also clearly mentions he considered that subordinate to being a Yugoslav. While Tito's government did reduce the area directly under Serb control and most of those sent to the Goli Otok labour camp were Serbs or Montenegrins, it is also true that most of the [=POW=]s massacred after WW2 were Croats. The accusation that he favoured Albanians is particularly absurd, as he for a long time turned a blind eye to the discrimination his lieutenant Alexandar Ranković was carrying out in Kosovo. In sum, Tito generally did his best to balance between the various national factions in his country, which was not an easy task, since Yugoslavia never got rid of it's powerful national lobbies - who eventually triumphed, and which led to the disintegration of the state).

to:

** Tito secretly favored one of the Yugoslav nations against the others, usually the Serbs, Croats or Albanians (mostly spread by Serb or Croat nationalists, there is one again very little to prove this. The available evidence shows he identified himself as a Croat, but also clearly mentions he considered that subordinate to being a Yugoslav. While Tito's government did reduce the area directly under Serb control and most of those sent to the Goli Otok labour camp were Serbs or Montenegrins, it is also true that most of the [=POW=]s massacred after WW2 UsefulNotes/WW2 were Croats. The accusation that he favoured Albanians is particularly absurd, as he for a long time turned a blind eye to the discrimination his lieutenant Alexandar Ranković was carrying out in Kosovo. In sum, Tito generally did his best to balance between the various national factions in his country, which was not an easy task, since Yugoslavia never got rid of it's powerful national lobbies - who eventually triumphed, and which led to the disintegration of the state).



* CunningLinguist: Besides his native Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Tito was also fluent in Russian, German and Czech. He could read French and Italian, and also learned English after WW2, though he never became a fluent speaker. He even picked up some Kirghiz during World War I and the Russian Civil War.
* TheDandy: Wearing nice clothes was Tito's passion from an early age and he almost always took pains to look his best. However, this trope only really kicked in after WorldWar2; before that, he was generally not wealthy enough - or too busy fighting - to afford good clothes.

to:

* CunningLinguist: Besides his native Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian Tito was also fluent in Russian, German and Czech. He could read French and Italian, and also learned English after WW2, UsefulNotes/WW2, though he never became a fluent speaker. He even picked up some Kirghiz during World War I and the Russian Civil War.
* TheDandy: Wearing nice clothes was Tito's passion from an early age and he almost always took pains to look his best. However, this trope only really kicked in after WorldWar2; UsefulNotes/WorldWar2; before that, he was generally not wealthy enough - or too busy fighting - to afford good clothes.



* {{Determinator}}: Especially in WorldWarII. For the most time he personally fought, starved and suffered [[TrueCompanions along with his fellow partisans]] on the front line. Often wounded in battle and escaped death only by inches.
** He bears the distinction of being the only military commander-in-chief to be wounded in action during WW2.

to:

* {{Determinator}}: Especially in WorldWarII.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. For the most time he personally fought, starved and suffered [[TrueCompanions along with his fellow partisans]] on the front line. Often wounded in battle and escaped death only by inches.
** He bears the distinction of being the only military commander-in-chief to be wounded in action during WW2.UsefulNotes/WW2.



* FromNobodyToNightmare: As above mentioned, he was in his youth a poor locksmith and ended as one of the most influential persons of the ColdWar.

to:

* FromNobodyToNightmare: As above mentioned, he was in his youth a poor locksmith and ended as one of the most influential persons of the ColdWar.UsefulNotes/ColdWar.



* MeaningfulFuneral: His funeral was attended by 4 kings, 31 presidents, 6 princes, 22 prime ministers and 47 ministers of foreign affairs; together they represented almost every country of the ColdWar-era.

to:

* MeaningfulFuneral: His funeral was attended by 4 kings, 31 presidents, 6 princes, 22 prime ministers and 47 ministers of foreign affairs; together they represented almost every country of the ColdWar-era.UsefulNotes/ColdWar-era.



* TheRemnant: Played briefly straight during WorldWarII after the provisorial [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_U%C5%BEice Republic of Uzice]] was overrun by the Axis.

to:

* TheRemnant: Played briefly straight during WorldWarII UsefulNotes/WorldWarII after the provisorial [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_U%C5%BEice Republic of Uzice]] was overrun by the Axis.
25th Mar '14 6:34:37 AM mardi
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In March 1945, Tito became premier of Yugoslavia. By now the remaining Axis forces were in full retreat. Zagreb, the capital of the Croatian Nazi state fell and its leaders either fled or were captured (and usually killed after a show trial). Some Axis forces continued to resist for a week even after Germany surrendered, but they were quickly overcome. Over the next few years he created a federation of socialist republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia) .

to:

In March 1945, Tito became premier of Yugoslavia. By now the remaining Axis forces were in full retreat. Zagreb, the capital of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_State_of_Croatia Croatian Nazi state state]] fell and its leaders either fled or were captured (and usually killed after a show trial). Some Axis forces continued to resist for a week even after Germany surrendered, but they were quickly overcome. Over the next few years he created a federation of socialist republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia) .
25th Mar '14 6:29:02 AM mardi
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The Yugoslavian government headed by Prince-Regent Paul allied itself with the fascist dictatorships of Germany and Italy. However, on March 27, 1941, a military coup established a government more sympathetic to the Allies. Ten days later, the Luftwaffe bombed Yugoslavia and virtually destroyed Belgrade. The [[UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons German Army]] invaded and the government was forced into exile. Large parts of the country were annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria, and several puppet regimes were installed - the largest being the [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Croatian Ustaše]] regime of Ante Pavelić.

Tito returned to Yugoslavia and helped establish the [[LaResistance partisan resistance fighters]]. Initially, the Allies provided military aid to the [[TheRemnant Chetniks]] led by Draža Mihailović. Information reached Sir WinstonChurchill that the Četniks had been collaborating with the Germans and Italians. At Teheran, the decision was taken in mid-1943 to switch this aid to Tito and the partisans.

1943 was a turning point for Tito's forces, since Italy surrendered in September and the Četniks' power was broken in the Battle of Neretva river (there's a famous movie about this). By the end of November the same year, Tito was able to establish a government in Bosnia.

In 1944 the fortunes of war continued to favor the partisans. AdolfHitler sent [[ItsRainingMen elite German paratroopers]] to kill Tito in his hideout Drvar, but Tito managed to escape. In May 1944, a new government of Yugoslavia was established under Ivan Šubašić. Tito was made War Minister in the new government. Tito and his partisans continued their fight against the German Army and in October 1944, they liberated Belgrade (with some Soviet assistance), thus ending the Serb puppet regime of Milan Nedić.

In March 1945, Tito became premier of Yugoslavia. By now the remaining Axis forces were in full retreat. Zagreb, the capital of the Croatian Nazi state fell and its leaders either fled or were captured (and usually killed after a show trial). Some Axis forces continued to resist for a week even after Germany surrendered, but they were quickly overcome. Over the next few years he created a federation of socialist republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia).

to:

The Yugoslavian government headed by Prince-Regent Paul allied itself with the fascist dictatorships of Germany and Italy. However, on March 27, 1941, the Serbian people rebelled, not wanting to allow German forces to kill Jewish and Roma people on their teritory or to let them pass without a fight through Serbia to attack Greece and a military coup established a government more sympathetic to the Allies. Ten days later, the Luftwaffe bombed Yugoslavia and virtually destroyed Belgrade. The [[UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons German Army]] invaded and the government was forced into exile. Large parts of the country were annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria, and several puppet regimes were installed - the largest being the [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Croatian Ustaše]] regime of Ante Pavelić.

Pavelić which annexed northen parts of Serbia.

Tito returned to Yugoslavia and helped establish the [[LaResistance partisan resistance fighters]]. Initially, the Allies provided military aid to the [[TheRemnant Chetniks]] led by Draža Mihailović. Mihailović in fighting against Croatian, Italian and German fascists. Information reached Sir WinstonChurchill that the Četniks had been collaborating with the Germans and Italians.Italians against communist partisans. At Teheran, the decision was taken in mid-1943 to switch this aid to Tito and the partisans.

1943 was a turning point for Tito's forces, since Italy surrendered in September and the Četniks' power was broken in the Battle of Neretva river (there's a famous movie about this).this) when the Allies finally turned their backs on them. By the end of November the same year, Tito was able to establish a government in Bosnia.

In 1944 the fortunes of war continued to favor the partisans. AdolfHitler Adolf Hitler sent [[ItsRainingMen elite German paratroopers]] to kill Tito in his hideout Drvar, but Tito managed to escape. In May 1944, a new government of Yugoslavia was established under Ivan Šubašić. Tito was made War Minister in the new government. Tito and his partisans continued their fight against the German Army and in October 1944, they liberated Belgrade (with some Soviet assistance), thus ending the Serb puppet regime of Milan Nedić.

In March 1945, Tito became premier of Yugoslavia. By now the remaining Axis forces were in full retreat. Zagreb, the capital of the Croatian Nazi state fell and its leaders either fled or were captured (and usually killed after a show trial). Some Axis forces continued to resist for a week even after Germany surrendered, but they were quickly overcome. Over the next few years he created a federation of socialist republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia).
Macedonia) .



Although created president for life in 1974, Tito established a unique system of collective, rotating leadership within the country. Tito died on May 4, 1980, and the system did not last long. Lacking a strong leader, the Belgrade leadership pushed for a highly centralized state, but was resisted by the ruling parties of each republic. The economic situation of Yugoslavia also deteriorated after Tito's death and, with the collapse of the East Bloc, the communist parties lost their monopoly on power and lost the elections to the nationalists. In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence, which led to the YugoslavWars.

to:

Although created president for life in 1974, Tito established a unique system of collective, rotating leadership within the country. Tito died on May 4, 1980, and the system did not last long. Lacking a strong leader, the Belgrade leadership pushed for a highly centralized state, but was resisted by the ruling parties of each republic. The economic situation of Yugoslavia also deteriorated after Tito's death and, with the collapse of the East Bloc, the communist parties lost their monopoly on power and lost the elections to the nationalists. In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence, which led to the YugoslavWars.
Yugoslav Wars.
10th Feb '14 11:10:27 AM Hadjorim
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->''"A locksmith in his youth. An Austro-Hungarian corporal. A case hardened revolutionary. Commissioner of the Comintern. A terrorist. Red menace. A robber. An illegal with ten different passports and names. A passionate hunter. Bon vivant. He had five wives and a party of his believers. An indomitable partisan. Undefeated by Hitler and Stalin. An adaptive statesman. A born Machiavellist. The lord of second {{Yugoslavia}}. No one before and after him has on this place more material for legends. He ruled the Serbs longer then Emperor Dušan, Duke Miloš and King Aleksander who probably would have used him as a pattern. A jovial dictator. The patron of the poor. The magnet of jet set. He sold his world vision like a new Christ of the Balkan peoples. A conjurer or the protagonist of an era, it was never clear to distinguish. One thing was for sure: Nothing in his proximity was of a small scale. Fortune and misfortune, deceit and truth, charm and actuality."''

to:

->''"A locksmith in his youth. An Austro-Hungarian corporal. A case hardened revolutionary. Commissioner of the Comintern. A terrorist. Red menace. A robber. An illegal with ten different passports and names. A passionate hunter. Bon vivant. He had five wives and a party of his believers. An indomitable partisan. Undefeated by Hitler and Stalin. An adaptive statesman. A born Machiavellist. The lord of second {{Yugoslavia}}. No one before and after him has on this place more material for legends. He ruled the Serbs longer then than Emperor Dušan, Duke Miloš and King Aleksander who probably would have used him as a pattern. A jovial dictator. The patron of the poor. The magnet of jet set. He sold his world vision like a new Christ of the Balkan peoples. A conjurer or the protagonist of an era, it was never clear to distinguish. One thing was for sure: Nothing in his proximity was of a small scale. Fortune and misfortune, deceit and truth, charm and actuality."''
24th Jan '14 8:47:48 PM KnightofNASA
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19th Jan '14 5:25:46 AM treelo
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* TearJerker: His death. Not only did an entire nation weep the death of their beloved leader but also kings, presidents, princes, prime ministers and ministers of foreign affairs from no less than 128 countries attended his funeral, making it the largest state funeral in history at this time. What made his death the most depressing was that most people of former Yugoslavia were well aware that he was the main reason that kept Yugoslavia together. When you [[TheYugoslavWars fast forward eleven years]] it becomes apparent that on May 4th 1980 not only Tito, but Yugoslavia itself died.
17th Jan '14 5:12:48 AM darkpast
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** And of Ante Pavelić, the leader of the Croatian Nazi state (and the ruling Ustaše movement).

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** And of Ante Pavelić, the leader of the Croatian Nazi fascist puppet state (and the ruling Ustaše movement).



** This probably has something to do with the fact that Tito actually supported the Bosniaks and Macedonians in their efforts to achieve autonomy. Bear in mind that a lot of Serbs and Croats live in Bosnia, and both nations have attempted to claim Bosnia as their own in the past. Similarly, Macedonia was considered by many historical Serb rulers to be "Southern Serbia".
* FolkHero

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** This probably has something to do with the fact that Tito actually supported the Bosniaks and Macedonians in their efforts to achieve autonomy. Bear in mind that a lot of Serbs and Croats live in Bosnia, and both nations have attempted to claim Bosnia as their own in the past. Similarly, Macedonia was considered by many historical Serb rulers to be "Southern Serbia".
Serbia", and Greece and Albania also had territorial pretensions towards it.
* FolkHeroFolkHero: Basically became one during World War II. Also, Yugoslav state media often deliberately depicted him as this. His name was woven into many folk songs (often deliberately, but sometimes spontaneously.


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* OldSoldier: From World War II onwards he was 10+ years older than most of his subordinate commanders (this is partly because many senior Communists were wiped out in Stalin's Great Purge). He was sometimes called by the nickname "Old Man".


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* RebelLeader: Quite possibly the greatest guerrilla leader of World War II.
21st Dec '13 7:09:30 PM LongLiveHumour
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On the outbreak of the SpanishCivilWar, the Comintern established the Dimitrov Battalion. Named after Georgi Dimitrov, the battalion comprised Greeks and people from the Balkans. Tito eventually became one of the battalion's senior commanders.

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On the outbreak of the SpanishCivilWar, UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar, the Comintern established the Dimitrov Battalion. Named after Georgi Dimitrov, the battalion comprised Greeks and people from the Balkans. Tito eventually became one of the battalion's senior commanders.
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