History Main / JorgeLuisBorges

21st May '12 10:41:18 AM LordGro
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%%->"...it is clear that there is no classification of the Universe not being arbitrary and full of conjectures. The reason for this is very simple: we do not know what thing the universe is."
%%-->"The Analytical Language of John Wilkins"

Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) is considered the greatest Argentine writer of the twentieth century and an immensely influential author. His short stories, essays and poetry blend truth and fiction in unexpected ways, playing [[MindScrew Mind Screws]] on the reader at every turn, and exploring deep philosophical themes (idealism, determinism, infinity, the search for personal identity, fiction vs. reality, humanity vs. divinity...) in a rigorous but entertaining way. He is considered an important precursor and originator of many [[PostModernism Post Modern]] devices. Borges himself was an Ultraist, a short lived movement that originated in early XX century Spain (where Borges arrived around 1920).

Borges became blind due to an inherited disease in his middle age and blindness is a recurring [[{{Motifs}} Motif]] in his later works. Other common {{Motifs}} are labyrinths, mirrors, libraries, tigers, and daggers. The blind monk Jorge de Burgos in Umberto Eco's ''Literature/TheNameOfTheRose'' is one allusion to Borges. The blind librarian in ''The Shadow of the Torturer'' by GeneWolfe may be another.

[[AC:Some of his best known short stories (Borges didn't write any novels) are:]]

* "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius": An AncientConspiracy to create a complete fictional universe is discovered by the [[AuthorStandIn narrator]] in the form of an encyclopedia describing the nation of Uqbar and its mythology about the land of Tlön. Its plan is to [[RewritingReality recreate]] Earth in the form of Tlön by subconsciously persuading everyone that it is true. [[spoiler: They succeed.]]
* "The Library of Babel": TropeNamer for [[LibraryOfBabel the eponymous trope]], this story describes a universe consisting of a huge, endless library, that contains all possible books (that is to say, all possible combinations of letters, spaces, and punctuation given a certain number of characters per book)-- but arranged with no discernible order or pattern.
* "The Garden of Forking Paths": Explores the idea of time branching forwards into [[AlternateUniverse Alternate Universes]] and weaves it with a spy story set in WorldWarI. Famous for anticipating the "many worlds" interpretation of quantum mechanics.
* "Death and the Compass": A GenreDeconstruction of the DetectiveFiction that seems to follow a ConnectTheDeaths plot -- but with a twist at the end.
* "The Aleph": A mediocre poet has found in his basement an Aleph, a point that reflects every other point in the universe and from which everything can be seen simultaneously and together.
* "The Cult of the Phoenix": A group of madmen, outcasts, women, children, and urchins founds a philosophical school that lasts for thousands of years and secretly manipulates all other religions behind the scenes. [[spoiler:And they're the good guys.]]
* '' "Averroes's Search" '' An exploration of the TragicDream in the character of Averroes, Islamic Philosophers dreamed to explain Creator/{{Aristotle}}’s works to the Islamic culture. [[PopCultureIsolation His problem was that Averroes didn’t understand the terms “Tragedy” and “Comedy” that constantly pop up in Aristotle’s canon]] [[CultureClash because he was confined to the Islamic orb]]. Suddenly there is a NoEnding and the MindScrew begins: [[spoiler: Borges is BreakingTheFourthWall to inform that he realized that he had a TragicDream himself, because as a twenty century author, he has no better chances to imagine the 12th century Averroe’s character with only some literary references. This realization forces him to recognize the RecursiveReality of literature, and conduces Borges to a CreatorBreakdown and his story to a NoEnding because a minor case of AuthorExistenceFailure.]]

The '''other''' half of his stories are about South Americans knife fighting, such as "The South".
----
!!This author's works provide examples of:

* AdaptationExpansion: The movie version of ''Death and the Compass''; the added material actually makes the the story ''more'' of a MindScrew. "Days of Hate", a screenplay adaptation of "Emma Zunz"
* AncientConspiracy: "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius"; played with in "The Cult of the Phoenix". Invoked at "Death and the Compass".
* AndIMustScream: Perhaps the only ''positive'' use of this trope ever takes place in "The Secret Miracle".
* AnimalMotifs: tigers, featured or mentioned in many of his stories
* AuthorExistenceFailure: '' "Averroe's Search" '': A subversion, when Borges has his CreatorBreakdown, he doesn’t believe anymore in the characters of this story, forcing a NoEnding.
* AuthorStandIn: Borges doubles as narrator in "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius", "The Aleph", "Funes the Memorious", "The Other", "The Other Death", and several other stories.
* TheBadGuyWins: [[spoiler: Arguably, "Garden of Forking Paths". Definitively, "Death and the Compass"]]
* BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy: "The Immortal", in which {{Homer}} has become immortal.
* BlessedWithSuck: "Funes the Memorious".
* BrownNote: "The Zahir".
* TheChessmaster: [[spoiler: Red Scharlach]] in "Death and the Compass"; [[spoiler:Azevedo Bandeira]] in "The Dead Man"; [[spoiler:James Alexander Nolan]] in "Theme of the Traitor and the Hero"; [[spoiler:Eric Einarsson]] in "The Bribe".
* ClingyMacguffin: "The Zahir."
* CreatorBreakdown: '' "Averroe's Search" '': Subverted when Borges realizes he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMystery Ontological Paradox]], the short story suffers a NoEnding.
* ConnectTheDeaths: "Death and the Compass".
* CthulhuMythos: "There Are More Things", written in memory of Lovecraft. Incidentally, Borges considered Lovecraft more like an involuntary parodist of Poe.
* CultureClash: '' "Averroe's Search" '': This is the cause why Averroes, an islamic philosopher, had PopCultureIsolation.
* {{Doppelganger}}: "The Other" and "August 25, 1983".
* DreamWeaver: "The Circular Ruins"
* GoingNative: "Story of the Warrior and the Captive Maiden" contrasts two opposite examples of this trope.
* GreatBigBookOfEverything[=/=]TomeOfEldritchLore: "The Book of Sand".
* HehHehYouSaidX: ''"The Cult of the Phoenix"'':
--> ''There are no decent words to name it, but it is understood that all words name it or rather inevitably allude to it, and so in a conversation I said anything and the adepts smile or become uncomfortable, because they felt that I had touched the Secret.''
* LibraryOfBabel: The TropeNamer, as mentioned above.
* LuredIntoATrap: In "Death and the Compass", [[spoiler:the entire ConnectTheDeaths plot is bait to lure the detective to a location where his enemy can kill him]].
* MagicRealism: many of his stories are in this genre, and he was part of the so-called "Latin American Boom" that helped popularize it.
** Arguably, he's also one of the founders of it and by far one of the most well known, along with GabrielGarciaMarquez.
* MeaningfulName: Plenty, often combined with ShoutOut. For example, Carlos Argentino Daneri in "The Aleph" is a play on Dante Alighieri (his sister is called Beatriz), and Pedro Damián in "The Other Death" references medieval philosopher Pier Damiani, as [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] in the story itself.
* MindScrew: Where to start?
** Special mention goes to "The Search of Averroes". In it, an Arabian professor investigates a Greek translation and ponders the meaning of "drama" and "comedy", which he can't understand becasue he lives in a culture in which the art of perfomance doesn't exist. After hearing with some guests a story about China and the performers that live in there and [[CompletelyMissingthePoint completely misses the point about the whole "acting" thing]] he starts meditating and eventually has a sudden realization about the meaning of "drama" and "comedy", [[spoiler:which turns out to be wrong]]. He then [[spoiler: disappears, as do his house and all those that were in there without leaving a trace.]] Borges then explains within the story that he himself had to understand Averroes to write the story, and like Averroes, had no real chance of doing so. The writer, [[spoiler: could no longer believe in Averroes as a character and he naturally disappeared completely along with his house.]]
* MotiveMisidentification: ''"The death and the Compass"'': GreatDetective thinks the DiabolicalMastermind is looking for a MagicalIncantation. The real EvilPlan is more sinister (and logical).
* NoEnding: '' "Averroe's Search" '' ends with all the characters and his surroundings suddenly disappearing, except maybe the Guadalquivir River.
* NonsenseClassification: His fake chinese encyclopedia Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge, with its classification of animals: (a) those that belong to the emperor; (b) embalmed ones; (c) those that are trained; (d) suckling pigs; (e) mermaids; (f) fabulous ones; (g) stray dogs; (h) those that are included in this classification; (i) those that tremble as if they were mad; (j) innumerable ones; (k) those drawn with a very fine camel's-hair brush; (l) etcetera; (m) those that have just broken the flower vase; (n) those that at a distance resemble flies.
* PerspectiveFlip: "The House of Asterion", in which the narrator tells us of his strange life in his strange house; upon reaching the end we realize that [[spoiler:the narrator is the Minotaur and the house is the Labyrinth]]. (Well, the reader realizes it about halfway through if he's conversant with ancient mythology.)
** And a story sketched in "The Zahir," whose protagonist is an ascetic living in isolation in a wasteland called ''gnittaheidr'', guarding a huge treasure to protect lesser men from the temptation it causes (including his own father, whom he killed). [[spoiler: in the end, it turns out the protagonist is Fafnir, who was turned into a giant serpent by [[ArtifactOfDoom the Ring of the Niebelungen]] and slain by Siegfried.]]
* PirateGirl: "The Widow Ching, Lady Pirate"
* ThePlan: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass"]]; [[spoiler: "The Dead Man"]].
* PopCultureIsolation: InUniverse example meets TruthInTelevision in '' "Averroe's Search" '': Averroes, an Islamic philosopher, never could understand the terms ''tragedy'' and ''comedy''.
* PostModernism.
* PhotographicMemory: The titular character of "Funes the Memorious". The story also deconstructs it.
* RealityWarper: "The Circular Ruins"
* RecursiveReality: '' "Averroe's Search" '': In the last page, Borges realizes that he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMystery Ontological Paradox]]
--> I felt, on the last page, that my narration was a symbol of the man I was as I wrote it and that, in order to compose that narration, I had to be that man and, in order to be that man, I had to compose that narration, and so on to infinity.
* RewritingReality: "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius".
* ShootTheShaggyDog: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass", "The Garden of Forking Paths".]]
* ShoutOut: Pretty much every author in the Western ''and'' Eastern literary and philosophical canon gets a ShoutOut in some Borges story or another. For example, "Death and the Compass" has [[ShoutOut Shout Outs]] to philosopher Baruch Spinoza and authors EdgarAllanPoe and JamesJoyce, among others.
** The ''DivineComedy'' gets a few {{Shout Out}}s in "The Aleph".
* StylisticSuck: Carlos Argentino Daneri's poems in "The Aleph".
* ThroughTheEyesOfMadness: Asterion's House.
* TimeStandsStill: "The Secret Miracle"
* TomatoInTheMirror: [[spoiler: "The Circular Ruins"]]
* TragicDream: '' "Averroe's Search" '' : Averroes tries to explain Creator/{{Aristotle}} without understanding the terms ''Tragedy'' and ''Comedy'' and [[spoiler: Borges trying to imagine Averroes]].
* UnreliableNarrator: "The Other Death"; "The Immortal". The reliability of the narrator is [[LampshadeHanging questioned explicitly]] in the stories themselves; the latter one almost takes it into {{Deconstruction}} territory. "A Survey of the Works of Herbert Quain" mentions a story in which, based on the final sentence, the sagacious reader can discover that the solution to the mystery was wrong and, with that additional piece of information, can reconstruct what actually happened.
* UnwittingPawn: [[spoiler: Lönrott in "Death and the Compass"]]
* WhoWantsToLiveForever: "The Immortal".
* YourMindMakesItReal: "The Circular Ruins" in a personal level. "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius" on a global scale.
----
<<|{{Authors}}|>>

to:

%%->"...it is clear that there is no classification of the Universe not being arbitrary and full of conjectures. The reason for this is very simple: we do not know what thing the universe is."
%%-->"The Analytical Language of John Wilkins"

Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) is considered the greatest Argentine writer of the twentieth century and an immensely influential author. His short stories, essays and poetry blend truth and fiction in unexpected ways, playing [[MindScrew Mind Screws]] on the reader at every turn, and exploring deep philosophical themes (idealism, determinism, infinity, the search for personal identity, fiction vs. reality, humanity vs. divinity...) in a rigorous but entertaining way. He is considered an important precursor and originator of many [[PostModernism Post Modern]] devices. Borges himself was an Ultraist, a short lived movement that originated in early XX century Spain (where Borges arrived around 1920).

Borges became blind due to an inherited disease in his middle age and blindness is a recurring [[{{Motifs}} Motif]] in his later works. Other common {{Motifs}} are labyrinths, mirrors, libraries, tigers, and daggers. The blind monk Jorge de Burgos in Umberto Eco's ''Literature/TheNameOfTheRose'' is one allusion to Borges. The blind librarian in ''The Shadow of the Torturer'' by GeneWolfe may be another.

[[AC:Some of his best known short stories (Borges didn't write any novels) are:]]

* "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius": An AncientConspiracy to create a complete fictional universe is discovered by the [[AuthorStandIn narrator]] in the form of an encyclopedia describing the nation of Uqbar and its mythology about the land of Tlön. Its plan is to [[RewritingReality recreate]] Earth in the form of Tlön by subconsciously persuading everyone that it is true. [[spoiler: They succeed.]]
* "The Library of Babel": TropeNamer for [[LibraryOfBabel the eponymous trope]], this story describes a universe consisting of a huge, endless library, that contains all possible books (that is to say, all possible combinations of letters, spaces, and punctuation given a certain number of characters per book)-- but arranged with no discernible order or pattern.
* "The Garden of Forking Paths": Explores the idea of time branching forwards into [[AlternateUniverse Alternate Universes]] and weaves it with a spy story set in WorldWarI. Famous for anticipating the "many worlds" interpretation of quantum mechanics.
* "Death and the Compass": A GenreDeconstruction of the DetectiveFiction that seems to follow a ConnectTheDeaths plot -- but with a twist at the end.
* "The Aleph": A mediocre poet has found in his basement an Aleph, a point that reflects every other point in the universe and from which everything can be seen simultaneously and together.
* "The Cult of the Phoenix": A group of madmen, outcasts, women, children, and urchins founds a philosophical school that lasts for thousands of years and secretly manipulates all other religions behind the scenes. [[spoiler:And they're the good guys.]]
* '' "Averroes's Search" '' An exploration of the TragicDream in the character of Averroes, Islamic Philosophers dreamed to explain Creator/{{Aristotle}}’s works to the Islamic culture. [[PopCultureIsolation His problem was that Averroes didn’t understand the terms “Tragedy” and “Comedy” that constantly pop up in Aristotle’s canon]] [[CultureClash because he was confined to the Islamic orb]]. Suddenly there is a NoEnding and the MindScrew begins: [[spoiler: Borges is BreakingTheFourthWall to inform that he realized that he had a TragicDream himself, because as a twenty century author, he has no better chances to imagine the 12th century Averroe’s character with only some literary references. This realization forces him to recognize the RecursiveReality of literature, and conduces Borges to a CreatorBreakdown and his story to a NoEnding because a minor case of AuthorExistenceFailure.]]

The '''other''' half of his stories are about South Americans knife fighting, such as "The South".
----
!!This author's works provide examples of:

* AdaptationExpansion: The movie version of ''Death and the Compass''; the added material actually makes the the story ''more'' of a MindScrew. "Days of Hate", a screenplay adaptation of "Emma Zunz"
* AncientConspiracy: "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius"; played with in "The Cult of the Phoenix". Invoked at "Death and the Compass".
* AndIMustScream: Perhaps the only ''positive'' use of this trope ever takes place in "The Secret Miracle".
* AnimalMotifs: tigers, featured or mentioned in many of his stories
* AuthorExistenceFailure: '' "Averroe's Search" '': A subversion, when Borges has his CreatorBreakdown, he doesn’t believe anymore in the characters of this story, forcing a NoEnding.
* AuthorStandIn: Borges doubles as narrator in "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius", "The Aleph", "Funes the Memorious", "The Other", "The Other Death", and several other stories.
* TheBadGuyWins: [[spoiler: Arguably, "Garden of Forking Paths". Definitively, "Death and the Compass"]]
* BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy: "The Immortal", in which {{Homer}} has become immortal.
* BlessedWithSuck: "Funes the Memorious".
* BrownNote: "The Zahir".
* TheChessmaster: [[spoiler: Red Scharlach]] in "Death and the Compass"; [[spoiler:Azevedo Bandeira]] in "The Dead Man"; [[spoiler:James Alexander Nolan]] in "Theme of the Traitor and the Hero"; [[spoiler:Eric Einarsson]] in "The Bribe".
* ClingyMacguffin: "The Zahir."
* CreatorBreakdown: '' "Averroe's Search" '': Subverted when Borges realizes he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMystery Ontological Paradox]], the short story suffers a NoEnding.
* ConnectTheDeaths: "Death and the Compass".
* CthulhuMythos: "There Are More Things", written in memory of Lovecraft. Incidentally, Borges considered Lovecraft more like an involuntary parodist of Poe.
* CultureClash: '' "Averroe's Search" '': This is the cause why Averroes, an islamic philosopher, had PopCultureIsolation.
* {{Doppelganger}}: "The Other" and "August 25, 1983".
* DreamWeaver: "The Circular Ruins"
* GoingNative: "Story of the Warrior and the Captive Maiden" contrasts two opposite examples of this trope.
* GreatBigBookOfEverything[=/=]TomeOfEldritchLore: "The Book of Sand".
* HehHehYouSaidX: ''"The Cult of the Phoenix"'':
--> ''There are no decent words to name it, but it is understood that all words name it or rather inevitably allude to it, and so in a conversation I said anything and the adepts smile or become uncomfortable, because they felt that I had touched the Secret.''
* LibraryOfBabel: The TropeNamer, as mentioned above.
* LuredIntoATrap: In "Death and the Compass", [[spoiler:the entire ConnectTheDeaths plot is bait to lure the detective to a location where his enemy can kill him]].
* MagicRealism: many of his stories are in this genre, and he was part of the so-called "Latin American Boom" that helped popularize it.
** Arguably, he's also one of the founders of it and by far one of the most well known, along with GabrielGarciaMarquez.
* MeaningfulName: Plenty, often combined with ShoutOut. For example, Carlos Argentino Daneri in "The Aleph" is a play on Dante Alighieri (his sister is called Beatriz), and Pedro Damián in "The Other Death" references medieval philosopher Pier Damiani, as [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] in the story itself.
* MindScrew: Where to start?
** Special mention goes to "The Search of Averroes". In it, an Arabian professor investigates a Greek translation and ponders the meaning of "drama" and "comedy", which he can't understand becasue he lives in a culture in which the art of perfomance doesn't exist. After hearing with some guests a story about China and the performers that live in there and [[CompletelyMissingthePoint completely misses the point about the whole "acting" thing]] he starts meditating and eventually has a sudden realization about the meaning of "drama" and "comedy", [[spoiler:which turns out to be wrong]]. He then [[spoiler: disappears, as do his house and all those that were in there without leaving a trace.]] Borges then explains within the story that he himself had to understand Averroes to write the story, and like Averroes, had no real chance of doing so. The writer, [[spoiler: could no longer believe in Averroes as a character and he naturally disappeared completely along with his house.]]
* MotiveMisidentification: ''"The death and the Compass"'': GreatDetective thinks the DiabolicalMastermind is looking for a MagicalIncantation. The real EvilPlan is more sinister (and logical).
* NoEnding: '' "Averroe's Search" '' ends with all the characters and his surroundings suddenly disappearing, except maybe the Guadalquivir River.
* NonsenseClassification: His fake chinese encyclopedia Celestial Emporium of Benevolent Knowledge, with its classification of animals: (a) those that belong to the emperor; (b) embalmed ones; (c) those that are trained; (d) suckling pigs; (e) mermaids; (f) fabulous ones; (g) stray dogs; (h) those that are included in this classification; (i) those that tremble as if they were mad; (j) innumerable ones; (k) those drawn with a very fine camel's-hair brush; (l) etcetera; (m) those that have just broken the flower vase; (n) those that at a distance resemble flies.
* PerspectiveFlip: "The House of Asterion", in which the narrator tells us of his strange life in his strange house; upon reaching the end we realize that [[spoiler:the narrator is the Minotaur and the house is the Labyrinth]]. (Well, the reader realizes it about halfway through if he's conversant with ancient mythology.)
** And a story sketched in "The Zahir," whose protagonist is an ascetic living in isolation in a wasteland called ''gnittaheidr'', guarding a huge treasure to protect lesser men from the temptation it causes (including his own father, whom he killed). [[spoiler: in the end, it turns out the protagonist is Fafnir, who was turned into a giant serpent by [[ArtifactOfDoom the Ring of the Niebelungen]] and slain by Siegfried.]]
* PirateGirl: "The Widow Ching, Lady Pirate"
* ThePlan: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass"]]; [[spoiler: "The Dead Man"]].
* PopCultureIsolation: InUniverse example meets TruthInTelevision in '' "Averroe's Search" '': Averroes, an Islamic philosopher, never could understand the terms ''tragedy'' and ''comedy''.
* PostModernism.
* PhotographicMemory: The titular character of "Funes the Memorious". The story also deconstructs it.
* RealityWarper: "The Circular Ruins"
* RecursiveReality: '' "Averroe's Search" '': In the last page, Borges realizes that he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMystery Ontological Paradox]]
--> I felt, on the last page, that my narration was a symbol of the man I was as I wrote it and that, in order to compose that narration, I had to be that man and, in order to be that man, I had to compose that narration, and so on to infinity.
* RewritingReality: "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius".
* ShootTheShaggyDog: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass", "The Garden of Forking Paths".]]
* ShoutOut: Pretty much every author in the Western ''and'' Eastern literary and philosophical canon gets a ShoutOut in some Borges story or another. For example, "Death and the Compass" has [[ShoutOut Shout Outs]] to philosopher Baruch Spinoza and authors EdgarAllanPoe and JamesJoyce, among others.
** The ''DivineComedy'' gets a few {{Shout Out}}s in "The Aleph".
* StylisticSuck: Carlos Argentino Daneri's poems in "The Aleph".
* ThroughTheEyesOfMadness: Asterion's House.
* TimeStandsStill: "The Secret Miracle"
* TomatoInTheMirror: [[spoiler: "The Circular Ruins"]]
* TragicDream: '' "Averroe's Search" '' : Averroes tries to explain Creator/{{Aristotle}} without understanding the terms ''Tragedy'' and ''Comedy'' and [[spoiler: Borges trying to imagine Averroes]].
* UnreliableNarrator: "The Other Death"; "The Immortal". The reliability of the narrator is [[LampshadeHanging questioned explicitly]] in the stories themselves; the latter one almost takes it into {{Deconstruction}} territory. "A Survey of the Works of Herbert Quain" mentions a story in which, based on the final sentence, the sagacious reader can discover that the solution to the mystery was wrong and, with that additional piece of information, can reconstruct what actually happened.
* UnwittingPawn: [[spoiler: Lönrott in "Death and the Compass"]]
* WhoWantsToLiveForever: "The Immortal".
* YourMindMakesItReal: "The Circular Ruins" in a personal level. "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius" on a global scale.
----
<<|{{Authors}}|>>
[[redirect:Creator/JorgeLuisBorges]]
15th May '12 3:54:58 AM TheOneWhoTropes
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* '' "Averroes's Search" '' An exploration of the TragicDream in the character of Averroes, Islamic Philosophers dreamed to explain {{Aristotle}}’s works to the Islamic culture. [[PopCultureIsolation His problem was that Averroes didn’t understand the terms “Tragedy” and “Comedy” that constantly pop up in Aristotle’s canon]] [[CultureClash because he was confined to the Islamic orb]]. Suddenly there is a NoEnding and the MindScrew begins: [[spoiler: Borges is BreakingTheFourthWall to inform that he realized that he had a TragicDream himself, because as a twenty century author, he has no better chances to imagine the 12th century Averroe’s character with only some literary references. This realization forces him to recognize the RecursiveReality of literature, and conduces Borges to a CreatorBreakdown and his story to a NoEnding because a minor case of AuthorExistenceFailure.]]

to:

* '' "Averroes's Search" '' An exploration of the TragicDream in the character of Averroes, Islamic Philosophers dreamed to explain {{Aristotle}}’s Creator/{{Aristotle}}’s works to the Islamic culture. [[PopCultureIsolation His problem was that Averroes didn’t understand the terms “Tragedy” and “Comedy” that constantly pop up in Aristotle’s canon]] [[CultureClash because he was confined to the Islamic orb]]. Suddenly there is a NoEnding and the MindScrew begins: [[spoiler: Borges is BreakingTheFourthWall to inform that he realized that he had a TragicDream himself, because as a twenty century author, he has no better chances to imagine the 12th century Averroe’s character with only some literary references. This realization forces him to recognize the RecursiveReality of literature, and conduces Borges to a CreatorBreakdown and his story to a NoEnding because a minor case of AuthorExistenceFailure.]]



* TragicDream: '' "Averroe's Search" '' : Averroes tries to explain {{Aristotle}} without understanding the terms ''Tragedy'' and ''Comedy'' and [[spoiler: Borges trying to imagine Averroes]].

to:

* TragicDream: '' "Averroe's Search" '' : Averroes tries to explain {{Aristotle}} Creator/{{Aristotle}} without understanding the terms ''Tragedy'' and ''Comedy'' and [[spoiler: Borges trying to imagine Averroes]].



<<|{{Authors}}|>>

to:

<<|{{Authors}}|>>
12th May '12 6:22:15 PM ChaoticNovelist
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* ThePlan: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass"]]; [[spoiler: "The Dead Man"]].



* XanatosGambit: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass"]]; [[spoiler: "The Dead Man"]].
27th Mar '12 12:04:01 AM Solle
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* "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius": An AncientConspiracy to create a complete fictional universe is discovered by the [[AuthorStandIn narrator]] in the form of an encyclopedia describing the planet Tlön. Its plan is to [[RewritingReality recreate]] Earth in the form of Tlön by subconsciously persuading everyone that it is true. [[spoiler: They succeed.]]

to:

* "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius": An AncientConspiracy to create a complete fictional universe is discovered by the [[AuthorStandIn narrator]] in the form of an encyclopedia describing the planet nation of Uqbar and its mythology about the land of Tlön. Its plan is to [[RewritingReality recreate]] Earth in the form of Tlön by subconsciously persuading everyone that it is true. [[spoiler: They succeed.]]
29th Feb '12 5:51:45 AM Blilit
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* ShootTheShaggyDog: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass".]]

to:

* ShootTheShaggyDog: [[spoiler: "Death and the Compass".Compass", "The Garden of Forking Paths".]]
17th Feb '12 10:23:42 AM thepdr
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* CreatorBreakdown: '' "Averroe's Search" '': Subverted when Borges realizes he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMistery Ontological Paradox]], the short story suffers a NoEnding.

to:

* CreatorBreakdown: '' "Averroe's Search" '': Subverted when Borges realizes he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMistery [[OntologicalMystery Ontological Paradox]], the short story suffers a NoEnding.
17th Feb '12 10:22:09 AM thepdr
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* CreatorBreakdown: '' "Averroe's Search" '': Subverted when Borges realizes he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMistery Ontological Paradox]], the short story suffers a NoEnding.

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* CreatorBreakdown: '' "Averroe's Search" '': Subverted when Borges realizes he has broke the [[MutuallyFictional Stable Fictional Loop] Loop]] and incurred in an [[OntologicalMistery Ontological Paradox]], the short story suffers a NoEnding.
6th Jan '12 12:12:50 PM LordGro
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* ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius'': An AncientConspiracy to create a complete fictional universe is discovered by the [[AuthorStandIn narrator]] in the form of an encyclopedia describing the planet Tlön. Its plan is to [[RewritingReality recreate]] Earth in the form of Tlön by subconsciously persuading everyone that it is true. [[spoiler: They succeed.]]

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* ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius'': "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius": An AncientConspiracy to create a complete fictional universe is discovered by the [[AuthorStandIn narrator]] in the form of an encyclopedia describing the planet Tlön. Its plan is to [[RewritingReality recreate]] Earth in the form of Tlön by subconsciously persuading everyone that it is true. [[spoiler: They succeed.]]



* AncientConspiracy: ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius''; played with in "The Cult of the Phoenix". Invoked at "Death and the Compass".

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* AncientConspiracy: ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius''; "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius"; played with in "The Cult of the Phoenix". Invoked at "Death and the Compass".



* AuthorStandIn: Borges doubles as narrator in ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius'', "The Aleph", "Funes the Memorious", "The Other", "The Other Death", and several other stories.

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* AuthorStandIn: Borges doubles as narrator in ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius'', "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius", "The Aleph", "Funes the Memorious", "The Other", "The Other Death", and several other stories.



* RewritingReality: ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius''.

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* RewritingReality: ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius''."Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius".



* YourMindMakesItReal: "The Circular Ruins" in a personal level. ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius'' on a global scale.

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* YourMindMakesItReal: "The Circular Ruins" in a personal level. ''TlonUqbarOrbisTertius'' "Literature/TlonUqbarOrbisTertius" on a global scale.
26th Dec '11 5:56:29 PM Narutaki
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Added DiffLines:

* HehHehYouSaidX: ''"The Cult of the Phoenix"'':
--> ''There are no decent words to name it, but it is understood that all words name it or rather inevitably allude to it, and so in a conversation I said anything and the adepts smile or become uncomfortable, because they felt that I had touched the Secret.''
26th Dec '11 1:02:12 AM genkracken
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Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) is considered the greatest Argentine writer of the twentieth century, and an immensely influential author. His short stories, essays and poetry blend truth and fiction in unexpected ways, playing [[MindScrew Mind Screws]] on the reader at every turn, and exploring deep philosophical themes (idealism, determinism, infinity, the search for personal identity, fiction vs. reality, humanity vs. divinity...) in a rigorous but entertaining way. He is considered an important precursor and originator of many [[PostModernism Post Modern]] devices. Borges himself was an Ultraist, a short lived movement that originates in early XX century Spain, were Borges arrived around 1920.

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Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) is considered the greatest Argentine writer of the twentieth century, century and an immensely influential author. His short stories, essays and poetry blend truth and fiction in unexpected ways, playing [[MindScrew Mind Screws]] on the reader at every turn, and exploring deep philosophical themes (idealism, determinism, infinity, the search for personal identity, fiction vs. reality, humanity vs. divinity...) in a rigorous but entertaining way. He is considered an important precursor and originator of many [[PostModernism Post Modern]] devices. Borges himself was an Ultraist, a short lived movement that originates originated in early XX century Spain, were Spain (where Borges arrived around 1920.
1920).



** Borges should be thankful wikipedia was invented 16 years after his death.



** Actually, the sect is a sort of joke on Borges' part. The secret ritual the members of the sect get initiated into is in fact [[spoiler:sex]].



The '''other''' half of his stories are about South Americans knife fighting. They are still quite good, specially "The South"

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The '''other''' half of his stories are about South Americans knife fighting. They are still quite good, specially fighting, such as "The South"South".
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.JorgeLuisBorges