History Main / JohnAdams

23rd Dec '13 11:37:08 AM MarkLungo
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[[quoteright:250:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/John_Adams.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:250:[[AscendedExtra The First Vice President]]]]

->'''Creator/BenjaminFranklin:''' ''Mr. Adams, I say you should write it!''\\
''To your legal mind and brilliance we defer.''

->'''John Adams:''' ''Is that so? Well, if I'm the one to do it,''\\
''They'll run their quill pens through it!''\\
''I'm obnoxious and disliked, you know that, sir!''\\
--"But Mr. Adams", ''Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix''

'''John Adams''' (1735-1826) was a Founding Father and the 2nd President of the United States (1797-1801). Serving between GeorgeWashington and ThomasJefferson, Adams was the only President of the Federalist Party. He was also the first to reside in the White House, which was completed in the last year of his presidency.

Coming from a wealthy and powerful family, Adams was one of the most intelligent American men of his time. A lifelong supporter of republicanism and a strong central government, he is considered one of the most important political theorists in early American history. His writings, notably his 1776 essay ''Thoughts on Government'', were powerful arguments in favor of bicameral legislature and separation of powers. He also wrote the state constitution for his home state of Massachusetts. Passionately opposed to slavery, Adams correctly predicted that it was [[TheAmericanCivilWar a threat to the country’s unity]]. However, Adams was also a stubborn and prideful man who did not get along very well with even his closest political allies, and his argumentative personality hindered his efforts as a leader. Adams and his wife, Abigail, were intellectual equals, and he often sought her advice on important issues. They founded a family who would continue to play a major role in national politics for generations; notably, their son, JohnQuincyAdams, would himself become President in 1825, one year before John Adams’ death.

He was a lawyer prior to his years as a statesman, and Adams quickly gained attention for being one of the leading opponents of British economic policies with the Thirteen Colonies. His cousin Samuel Adams was also a Founding Father, and he organized the Boston Tea Party in 1773. In 1770, Adams was the lawyer who defended the eight British troops involved in the infamous Boston Massacre. At the Second Continental Congress in 1776, Adams was one of the most vocal voices calling for independence from Great Britain. Thanks to his efforts, the Congress passed a Declaration of Independence which Adams helped his good friend ThomasJefferson write. He was also the man who nominated GeorgeWashington to lead the Continental Army during the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution Revolutionary War]]. During the war and for some years after, Adams served his country as an ambassador to various European countries, where he won vital foreign support for the Americans.

In 1789, Adams became the first Vice President, serving under President Washington. Adams was rarely consulted for policy advice, and he notoriously called the vice presidency “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” Ironically, he also cast more tie-breaking votes in the Senate than any other Vice President. During his time as Vice President, Adams joined the New England-based Federalist Party, in spite of his sour relationship with party leader UsefulNotes/AlexanderHamilton. He also tried to create a formal name for the President, such as "His Majesty the President." Washington instead chose the modest "Mr. President," and enemies in Congress nicknamed the short and fat Adams "His Rotundity." In 1796, Adams ran as the Federalist nominee for the presidency, and he won a narrow victory. Due to a loophole in the election system at the time, his opponent, Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party, became his Vice President.

Keeping his predecessor’s Cabinet, Adams quickly was confronted with severe party divisions. Adams’ moderate faction was at odds with the more aggressive faction led by Hamilton, who often schemed with other members in an attempt to win control of the party. Additionally, Jefferson also worked behind the scenes to undermine Adams’ authority. Just after Adams entered office, American relations with France strained severely do to something called the [=XYZ=] Affair. Adams sent ambassadors to France for important negotiations, but the French court demanded that the Americans pay a huge sum of money just for the right to ''speak'' to the leaders. The American public was outraged, and things escalated to the point that the two countries soon found themselves in an undeclared naval war on the seas of the Atlantic. Known as the Quasi War, it was marked by Adams building up the military while simultaneously trying to negotiate with France an end to the conflict. An impressive Navy was built by the Adams administration, and Adams would become known as the “Father of the American Navy.” In 1800, the new leader of France, NapoleonBonaparte, reached an agreement that ended the Quasi War, and Adams successfully managed to avoid an expansion of the conflict.

However, domestic policies proved to be Adams’ downfall. During the tense situation with France, Adams, at the advice of the Hamilton wing of the party, reluctantly signed a controversial series of bills known as the Alien and Sedition Acts. These acts gave the President the power to deport foreign-born residents deemed to be a threat and to arrest citizens who publicly criticize the federal government. While only ten people were ever arrested and these bills were going to expire by 1801, they were widely unpopular with the voting public. Additionally, Adams raised taxes in order to fund his military buildups, and this was seen as a pointless waste of public money after war was avoided. In eastern Pennsylvania, which went through an economic crisis due to the high taxes, farmers started to rebel, and Adams had to send the state militia to put down the riots. For many people, it looked like the aristocrat Adams was encroaching on the rights of the public and trying to create a dictatorship in the young country.

In the election of 1800, Adams lost to Vice President Jefferson, becoming the first incumbent to lose reelection. This was the first time in history an elected head of state lost reelection, and Adams remarkably chose to step down from office when his term ended rather than try to seize power with the military. In an attempt to limit Jefferson’s power upon the start of his presidency, Adams nominated a number of Federalists to federal judicial positions during his last few months in office. Critics labeled these last-minute nominations the "Midnight Judges." The most notable of these was his nomination of John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court]]. Under Marshall, the Supreme Court would expand its powers and establish its authority to determine the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress. When his term officially ended, a bitter Adams refused to attend Jefferson’s inauguration.

Adams also signed the Treaty of Tripoli with what was then Ottoman {{UsefulNotes/Libya}}. It allowed for peaceful trade relations between the two, but it's notable today because an article of the treaty states that "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion," a source of much debate today ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment hopefully none of it here]]).

Adams lived a private life in Massachusetts after he left office. While his relationship with Jefferson effectively came to an end in 1800, Adams made up with his old friend around 1812 and the two resumed their correspondence. His later years were marked by personal tragedies, including the deaths of his daughter and his wife. However, he did live long enough to see his son John Quincy become President in 1825. Adams died on Independence Day the following year; coincidentally, the same day as Jefferson. Adams' last words were "Thomas Jefferson survives!" - actually, Jefferson died first. He was 90 when he died, and remained the longest-lived President until surpassed by RonaldReagan in 2001. GeraldFord currently holds the record, by the way.

Adams initially wasn't one of the more respected Founding Fathers, but his reputation steadily rose over time and, eventually, he was recognized as one of the men most responsible for the success of the American Revolution. He is probably most well known via ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' (where he was played by Creator/WilliamDaniels) and David [=McCullough=]'s [[Series/JohnAdams eponymous biography]], filmed as a mini series by HBO in 2008, with the very appropriate Creator/PaulGiamatti in the role. Younger viewers may recognize him from the {{PBS}} educational animated series, ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', voiced by BillyCrystal.

One of two Presidents whose [[JohnQuincyAdams son]] also became President, the other being [[GeorgeHWBush George H. W. Bush]]. Both him and his son were the only two one-term presidents during America's early days.
----
!!Tropes related to John Adams:
* ArchEnemy: Adams' main rival was, ironically, inside his own party: Alexander Hamilton, who spent the majority of his career trying (ultimately unsuccessfully) to discredit Adams and the republicans. It was plain to see that Hamilton -- who [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections had the ear]] of his old CO, George Washington -- was committed to starting war with France at any cost. But somehow, Adams was conned. Three secretaries, all Hamilton loyalists, took the blame for stalling peace negotiations with France. Ironically, only one lost his job, with the most hardcore Hamiltonians remaining in office. And, of course, Teflon Alexander emerged unscathed.
* BeamMeUpScotty: It was actually ''Sam'' Adams who knew that slavery would very likely cause a civil war "one hundred years hence" and tried to warn the other Founding Fathers that this would be the most likely result of slavery not being abolished immediately. ([[TheAmericanCivilWar He was absolutely right]].) The writers of ''[[SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' had condensed the two men's roles in the Continental Congress, so John said it in the play. (It is an understandable mistake, as it was a small parenthetical in the Historical Note by the Authors section.)
* BrokenPedestal: Meeting the esteemed author of ''Poor Richard's Almanac'' was a pretty disappointing day for John Adams. The preacher of frugality, temperance, discipline! Partying it up with the French, banging their women, and waking up hungover on a weekday! Of course, history is indebted to Ben Franklin's ''joie de vivre'', but Adams never really forgave him.
* EmbarrassingNickname: The ever-loving nickname bestowed upon him by his enemies in Congress, "His Rotundity".
* FamousLastWords: He died on the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. The very last thing he said was "Jefferson lives." He was referring to ThomasJefferson, who had in fact perished earlier that same day.
* HappilyMarried: To Abigail Adams, essentially to the point of OneTrueLove. Abigail was also John's intellectual equal, and they often discussed contemporary events and government in their many letters to each other. They also flirted passionately using allusions to Classical literature.
* {{Hellhound}}: Adams kept a big, scary dog named "Satan" as a pet.
* HeterosexualLifePartner: With ThomasJefferson. They had a falling out after the election of 1800 but they became friends again by 1812.
* HistoricalDowngrade: He played a crucial role in the push for independence, funding the AmericanRevolution, and the country's early diplomatic efforts, but he correctly predicted that he would be forgotten in comparison to figures like Franklin and Washington. A [[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix musical]] and biography-turned-miniseries have raised his profile in recent decades.
* KarmicJackpot: This happened to JohnAdams, when he was approached to represent the British soldiers indicted in the Boston Massacre in court. Adams agreed considering no one else in the city was willing to help the accused have a fair trial for murder, but was concerned he would be sinking his reputation and political prospects for elected office considering his complaints about British colonial policy. Regardless, Adams kept to his duty for the higher ideal of justice and was able to get most of his defendants acquitted or have charges reduced. As it turns out, Adams was later elected without a problem and found he had gained credibility as a fair minded public figure on the matter of British-Colonial relations. Furthermore, when British cracked down on Boston with the Intolerable Acts, which included arbitrarily removing defendants from Boston courts, Adams' able defense of the hated British troops was cited as proof that fair trials were possible in Boston.
* TheMagnificent: The official title of the President was serious business for Adams, who during Washington's presidency favored several honorary and bombastic titles or surnames (not expecting that he would ever enter the office) but was overruled in favor of simplicity. The Senate eventually voted ''him'' the title of "His Rotundity" as a TakeThat.
* OldShame: He viewed his Vice Presidency as this.
-->''It is to be sure a Punishment to hear other Men talk five hours every day, and [[IronicHell not be at Liberty to talk at all myself]]: especially as more than half I hear appears to me very young, inconsiderate and inexperienced.''
* RedBaron: Short and fat, Adams was known ([[FailOSuckyname affectionately]]?) as "his rotundity."
* RedOniBlueOni: The Red to Jefferson's Blue.
* {{Satan}}: The name of one of his dogs while he was in the White House. Seriously.
* TeethClenchedTeamwork: Though wildly popular with Dutch bankers, he could never make it in France; Ben Franklin was all the rage over there. Adams could not conceive that [[{{TheChessmaster}} Franklin might be playing up his fame]] in order to win support abroad for the American Revolution.
* VitriolicBestBuds: With Thomas Jefferson.
* WeUsedToBeFriends: A major falling out with Thomas Jefferson, the leader of the Republican faction. Jefferson took issue with Adams packing the courts with judges who ruled his way; Adams was sour in his first-term defeat, skipping town on Jefferson's inauguration day. In old age, both men reconciled - and, ironically, died on the same day: July 4, 1826 (fifty years after they signed the Declaration of Independence).

!!Adams in fiction
* The musical ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' features John Adams as its protagonist.
* The high school in ''BoyMeetsWorld'' is named for John Adams. [[ActorAllusion William Daniels played both Mr. Feeney in this show and Adams in]] ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]''.
* The ending of TheConduit reveals that President John Adams was actually [[spoiler:[[BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy an alien mastermind who helped create the United States for his own purposes]]]].
* In ''[[WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}} Histeria!]]'', his voice is an imitation of George Burns. In keeping with the FriendlyEnemy theme, Jefferson sounded like Jack Benny.
* In an episode of ''ThirdRockFromTheSun'':
-->'''Mary''': You and your family... I know you mean well, but sometimes it's like being around ''Series/TheAddamsFamily''.\\
'''Dick''': Well, I admit John Adams' views of a strong central government may have been ahead of their time.\\
'''Mary''': That's ''not'' who I meant!\\
'''Dick''': John ''Quincy'' Adams? You're comparing me to that freak show!
* The central character in the multi-awarded HBO's TV miniseries ''Series/JohnAdams'', played by Creator/PaulGiamatti.
* One of the two possible leaders (with Washington) of colonial England in ''Videogame/{{Colonization}}''.
* Quoted in the ''Videogame/{{Civilization}}'' series.
-->I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy.
** This one also appears in the miniseries.
* He appears in ''MoreInformationThanYouRequire'', in the book's discussion of the history of the US Vice Presidency.
* In ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', he's a major recurring character voiced by BillyCrystal.
----
<<|ThePresidents|>>

to:

[[quoteright:250:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/John_Adams.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:250:[[AscendedExtra The First Vice President]]]]

->'''Creator/BenjaminFranklin:''' ''Mr. Adams, I say you should write it!''\\
''To your legal mind and brilliance we defer.''

->'''John Adams:''' ''Is that so? Well, if I'm the one to do it,''\\
''They'll run their quill pens through it!''\\
''I'm obnoxious and disliked, you know that, sir!''\\
--"But Mr. Adams", ''Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix''

'''John Adams''' (1735-1826) was a Founding Father and the 2nd President of the United States (1797-1801). Serving between GeorgeWashington and ThomasJefferson, Adams was the only President of the Federalist Party. He was also the first to reside in the White House, which was completed in the last year of his presidency.

Coming from a wealthy and powerful family, Adams was one of the most intelligent American men of his time.
A lifelong supporter of republicanism and a strong central government, he is considered one of the most important political theorists in early American history. His writings, notably his 1776 essay ''Thoughts on Government'', were powerful arguments in favor of bicameral legislature and separation of powers. He also wrote the state constitution for his home state of Massachusetts. Passionately opposed to slavery, Adams correctly predicted that it was [[TheAmericanCivilWar a threat to the country’s unity]]. However, Adams was also a stubborn and prideful man who did not get along very well with even his closest political allies, and his argumentative personality hindered his efforts as a leader. Adams and his wife, Abigail, were intellectual equals, and he often sought her advice on important issues. They founded a family who would continue to play a major role in national politics for generations; notably, their son, JohnQuincyAdams, would himself become President in 1825, one year before John Adams’ death.

He was a lawyer prior to his years as a statesman, and Adams quickly gained attention for being one of the leading opponents of British economic policies with the Thirteen Colonies. His cousin Samuel Adams was also a Founding Father, and he organized the Boston Tea Party in 1773. In 1770, Adams was the lawyer who defended the eight British troops involved in the infamous Boston Massacre. At the Second Continental Congress in 1776, Adams was one of the most vocal voices calling for independence from Great Britain. Thanks to his efforts, the Congress passed a Declaration of Independence which Adams helped his good friend ThomasJefferson write. He was also the man who nominated GeorgeWashington to lead the Continental Army during the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution Revolutionary War]]. During the war and for some years after, Adams served his country as an ambassador to various European countries, where he won vital foreign support for the Americans.

In 1789, Adams became the first Vice President, serving under President Washington. Adams was rarely consulted for policy advice, and he notoriously called the vice presidency “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” Ironically, he also cast more tie-breaking votes in the Senate than any other Vice President. During his time as Vice President, Adams joined the New England-based Federalist Party, in spite of his sour relationship with party leader UsefulNotes/AlexanderHamilton. He also tried to create a formal name for the President, such as "His Majesty the President." Washington instead chose the modest "Mr. President," and enemies in Congress nicknamed the short and fat Adams "His Rotundity." In 1796, Adams ran as the Federalist nominee for the presidency, and he won a narrow victory. Due to a loophole in the election system at the time, his opponent, Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party, became his Vice President.

Keeping his predecessor’s Cabinet, Adams quickly was confronted with severe party divisions. Adams’ moderate faction was at odds with the more aggressive faction led by Hamilton, who often schemed with other members in an attempt to win control of the party. Additionally, Jefferson also worked behind the scenes to undermine Adams’ authority. Just after Adams entered office, American relations with France strained severely do
link to something called the [=XYZ=] Affair. Adams about "John Adams" sent ambassadors you to France for important negotiations, but this page. The context of the French court demanded that link should help you figure out which page you want.

* For
the Americans pay a huge sum of money just for page on the right to ''speak'' to the leaders. The second American public was outraged, and things escalated to President, click [[UsefulNotes/JohnAdams here]].
* For
the point that the two countries soon found themselves in an undeclared naval war miniseries based on the seas of the Atlantic. Known as the Quasi War, it was marked by Adams building up the military while simultaneously trying to negotiate with France an end to the conflict. An impressive Navy was built by the Adams administration, and Adams would become known as the “Father of the American Navy.” In 1800, the new leader of France, NapoleonBonaparte, reached an agreement that ended the Quasi War, and Adams successfully managed to avoid an expansion of the conflict.

However, domestic policies proved to be Adams’ downfall. During the tense situation with France, Adams, at the advice of the Hamilton wing of the party, reluctantly signed a controversial series of bills known as the Alien and Sedition Acts. These acts gave the President the power to deport foreign-born residents deemed to be a threat and to arrest citizens who publicly criticize the federal government. While only ten people were ever arrested and these bills were going to expire by 1801, they were widely unpopular with the voting public. Additionally, Adams raised taxes in order to fund
his military buildups, and this was seen as a pointless waste of public money after war was avoided. In eastern Pennsylvania, which went through an economic crisis due to the high taxes, farmers started to rebel, and Adams had to send the state militia to put down the riots. For many people, it looked like the aristocrat Adams was encroaching on the rights of the public and trying to create a dictatorship in the young country.

In the election of 1800, Adams lost to Vice President Jefferson, becoming the first incumbent to lose reelection. This was the first time in history an elected head of state lost reelection, and Adams remarkably chose to step down from office when his term ended rather than try to seize power with the military. In an attempt to limit Jefferson’s power upon the start of his presidency, Adams nominated a number of Federalists to federal judicial positions during his last few months in office. Critics labeled these last-minute nominations the "Midnight Judges." The most notable of these was his nomination of John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court]]. Under Marshall, the Supreme Court would expand its powers and establish its authority to determine the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress. When his term officially ended, a bitter Adams refused to attend Jefferson’s inauguration.

Adams also signed the Treaty of Tripoli with what was then Ottoman {{UsefulNotes/Libya}}. It allowed for peaceful trade relations between the two, but it's notable today because an article of the treaty states that "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion," a source of much debate today ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment hopefully none of it here]]).

Adams lived a private life in Massachusetts after he left office. While his relationship with Jefferson effectively came to an end in 1800, Adams made up with his old friend around 1812 and the two resumed their correspondence. His later years were marked by personal tragedies, including the deaths of his daughter and his wife. However, he did live long enough to see his son John Quincy become President in 1825. Adams died on Independence Day the following year; coincidentally, the same day as Jefferson. Adams' last words were "Thomas Jefferson survives!" - actually, Jefferson died first. He was 90 when he died, and remained the longest-lived President until surpassed by RonaldReagan in 2001. GeraldFord currently holds the record, by the way.

Adams initially wasn't one of the more respected Founding Fathers, but his reputation steadily rose over time and, eventually, he was recognized as one of the men most responsible for the success of the American Revolution. He is probably most well known via ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' (where he was played by Creator/WilliamDaniels) and David [=McCullough=]'s
life, click [[Series/JohnAdams eponymous biography]], filmed as a mini series by HBO in 2008, with the very appropriate Creator/PaulGiamatti in the role. Younger viewers may recognize him from the {{PBS}} educational animated series, ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', voiced by BillyCrystal.

One of two Presidents whose [[JohnQuincyAdams son]] also became President, the other being [[GeorgeHWBush George H. W. Bush]]. Both him and his son were the only two one-term presidents during America's early days.
----
!!Tropes related to John Adams:
* ArchEnemy: Adams' main rival was, ironically, inside his own party: Alexander Hamilton, who spent the majority of his career trying (ultimately unsuccessfully) to discredit Adams and the republicans. It was plain to see that Hamilton -- who [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections had the ear]] of his old CO, George Washington -- was committed to starting war with France at any cost. But somehow, Adams was conned. Three secretaries, all Hamilton loyalists, took the blame for stalling peace negotiations with France. Ironically, only one lost his job, with the most hardcore Hamiltonians remaining in office. And, of course, Teflon Alexander emerged unscathed.
* BeamMeUpScotty: It was actually ''Sam'' Adams who knew that slavery would very likely cause a civil war "one hundred years hence" and tried to warn the other Founding Fathers that this would be the most likely result of slavery not being abolished immediately. ([[TheAmericanCivilWar He was absolutely right]].) The writers of ''[[SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' had condensed the two men's roles in the Continental Congress, so John said it in the play. (It is an understandable mistake, as it was a small parenthetical in the Historical Note by the Authors section.)
* BrokenPedestal: Meeting the esteemed author of ''Poor Richard's Almanac'' was a pretty disappointing day for John Adams. The preacher of frugality, temperance, discipline! Partying it up with the French, banging their women, and waking up hungover on a weekday! Of course, history is indebted to Ben Franklin's ''joie de vivre'', but Adams never really forgave him.
* EmbarrassingNickname: The ever-loving nickname bestowed upon him by his enemies in Congress, "His Rotundity".
* FamousLastWords: He died on the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. The very last thing he said was "Jefferson lives." He was referring to ThomasJefferson, who had in fact perished earlier that same day.
* HappilyMarried: To Abigail Adams, essentially to the point of OneTrueLove. Abigail was also John's intellectual equal, and they often discussed contemporary events and government in their many letters to each other. They also flirted passionately using allusions to Classical literature.
* {{Hellhound}}: Adams kept a big, scary dog named "Satan" as a pet.
* HeterosexualLifePartner: With ThomasJefferson. They had a falling out after the election of 1800 but they became friends again by 1812.
* HistoricalDowngrade: He played a crucial role in the push for independence, funding the AmericanRevolution, and the country's early diplomatic efforts, but he correctly predicted that he would be forgotten in comparison to figures like Franklin and Washington. A [[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix musical]] and biography-turned-miniseries have raised his profile in recent decades.
* KarmicJackpot: This happened to JohnAdams, when he was approached to represent the British soldiers indicted in the Boston Massacre in court. Adams agreed considering no one else in the city was willing to help the accused have a fair trial for murder, but was concerned he would be sinking his reputation and political prospects for elected office considering his complaints about British colonial policy. Regardless, Adams kept to his duty for the higher ideal of justice and was able to get most of his defendants acquitted or have charges reduced. As it turns out, Adams was later elected without a problem and found he had gained credibility as a fair minded public figure on the matter of British-Colonial relations. Furthermore, when British cracked down on Boston with the Intolerable Acts, which included arbitrarily removing defendants from Boston courts, Adams' able defense of the hated British troops was cited as proof that fair trials were possible in Boston.
* TheMagnificent: The official title of the President was serious business for Adams, who during Washington's presidency favored several honorary and bombastic titles or surnames (not expecting that he would ever enter the office) but was overruled in favor of simplicity. The Senate eventually voted ''him'' the title of "His Rotundity" as a TakeThat.
* OldShame: He viewed his Vice Presidency as this.
-->''It is to be sure a Punishment to hear other Men talk five hours every day, and [[IronicHell not be at Liberty to talk at all myself]]: especially as more than half I hear appears to me very young, inconsiderate and inexperienced.''
* RedBaron: Short and fat, Adams was known ([[FailOSuckyname affectionately]]?) as "his rotundity."
* RedOniBlueOni: The Red to Jefferson's Blue.
* {{Satan}}: The name of one of his dogs while he was in the White House. Seriously.
* TeethClenchedTeamwork: Though wildly popular with Dutch bankers, he could never make it in France; Ben Franklin was all the rage over there. Adams could not conceive that [[{{TheChessmaster}} Franklin might be playing up his fame]] in order to win support abroad for the American Revolution.
* VitriolicBestBuds: With Thomas Jefferson.
* WeUsedToBeFriends: A major falling out with Thomas Jefferson, the leader of the Republican faction. Jefferson took issue with Adams packing the courts with judges who ruled his way; Adams was sour in his first-term defeat, skipping town on Jefferson's inauguration day. In old age, both men reconciled - and, ironically, died on the same day: July 4, 1826 (fifty years after they signed the Declaration of Independence).

!!Adams in fiction
* The musical ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' features John Adams as its protagonist.
* The high school in ''BoyMeetsWorld'' is named for John Adams. [[ActorAllusion William Daniels played both Mr. Feeney in this show and Adams in]] ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]''.
* The ending of TheConduit reveals that President John Adams was actually [[spoiler:[[BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy an alien mastermind who helped create the United States for his own purposes]]]].
* In ''[[WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}} Histeria!]]'', his voice is an imitation of George Burns. In keeping with the FriendlyEnemy theme, Jefferson sounded like Jack Benny.
* In an episode of ''ThirdRockFromTheSun'':
-->'''Mary''': You and your family... I know you mean well, but sometimes it's like being around ''Series/TheAddamsFamily''.\\
'''Dick''': Well, I admit John Adams' views of a strong central government may have been ahead of their time.\\
'''Mary''': That's ''not'' who I meant!\\
'''Dick''': John ''Quincy'' Adams? You're comparing me to that freak show!
* The central character in the multi-awarded HBO's TV miniseries ''Series/JohnAdams'', played by Creator/PaulGiamatti.
* One of the two possible leaders (with Washington) of colonial England in ''Videogame/{{Colonization}}''.
* Quoted in the ''Videogame/{{Civilization}}'' series.
-->I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy.
** This one also appears in the miniseries.
* He appears in ''MoreInformationThanYouRequire'', in the book's discussion of the history of the US Vice Presidency.
* In ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', he's a major recurring character voiced by BillyCrystal.
----
<<|ThePresidents|>>
here]].
----
7th Dec '13 1:46:19 PM MysteriousF
Is there an issue? Send a Message


In the election of 1800, Adams lost to Vice President Jefferson, becoming the first incumbent to lose reelection. This was the first time in history an elected head of state lost reelection, and Adams remarkably chose to step down from office when his term ended rather than try to seize power with the military. In an attempt to limit Jefferson’s power upon the start of his presidency, Adams nominated a number of Federalists to federal judicial positions during his last few months in office. The most notable of these was his nomination of John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court]]. Under Marshall, the Supreme Court would expand its powers and establish its authority to determine the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress. When his term officially ended, a bitter Adams refused to attend Jefferson’s inauguration.

to:

In the election of 1800, Adams lost to Vice President Jefferson, becoming the first incumbent to lose reelection. This was the first time in history an elected head of state lost reelection, and Adams remarkably chose to step down from office when his term ended rather than try to seize power with the military. In an attempt to limit Jefferson’s power upon the start of his presidency, Adams nominated a number of Federalists to federal judicial positions during his last few months in office. Critics labeled these last-minute nominations the "Midnight Judges." The most notable of these was his nomination of John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court]]. Under Marshall, the Supreme Court would expand its powers and establish its authority to determine the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress. When his term officially ended, a bitter Adams refused to attend Jefferson’s inauguration.
6th Dec '13 1:47:56 PM MarkLungo
Is there an issue? Send a Message


->'''Creator/BenjaminFranklin:''' ''Mr. Adams, I say you should write it!''
->''To your legal mind and brilliance we defer.''

->'''John Adams:''' ''Is that so? Well, if I'm the one to do it,''
->''They'll run their quill pens through it!''
->''I'm obnoxious and disliked, you know that, sir!''
-->--"But Mr. Adams", ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]''

to:

->'''Creator/BenjaminFranklin:''' ''Mr. Adams, I say you should write it!''
->''To
it!''\\
''To
your legal mind and brilliance we defer.''

->'''John Adams:''' ''Is that so? Well, if I'm the one to do it,''
->''They'll
it,''\\
''They'll
run their quill pens through it!''
->''I'm
it!''\\
''I'm
obnoxious and disliked, you know that, sir!''
-->--"But
sir!''\\
--"But
Mr. Adams", ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]''
''Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix''



In 1789, Adams became the first Vice President, serving under President Washington. Adams was rarely consulted for policy advice, and he notoriously called the vice presidency “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” Ironically, he also cast more tie-breaking votes in the Senate than any other Vice President. During his time as Vice President, Adams joined the New England-based Federalist Party, in spite of his sour relationship with party leader AlexanderHamilton. He also tried to create a formal name for the President, such as "His Majesty the President." Washington instead chose the modest "Mr. President," and enemies in Congress nicknamed the short and fat Adams "His Rotundity." In 1796, Adams ran as the Federalist nominee for the presidency, and he won a narrow victory. Due to a loophole in the election system at the time, his opponent, Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party, became his Vice President.

to:

In 1789, Adams became the first Vice President, serving under President Washington. Adams was rarely consulted for policy advice, and he notoriously called the vice presidency “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” Ironically, he also cast more tie-breaking votes in the Senate than any other Vice President. During his time as Vice President, Adams joined the New England-based Federalist Party, in spite of his sour relationship with party leader AlexanderHamilton.UsefulNotes/AlexanderHamilton. He also tried to create a formal name for the President, such as "His Majesty the President." Washington instead chose the modest "Mr. President," and enemies in Congress nicknamed the short and fat Adams "His Rotundity." In 1796, Adams ran as the Federalist nominee for the presidency, and he won a narrow victory. Due to a loophole in the election system at the time, his opponent, Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party, became his Vice President.
5th Dec '13 9:01:40 PM MysteriousF
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'''John Adams''' (1735-1826) was the first Vice President and second President of the United States of America, a Founding Father, and one of the most important, insightful, and influential legal minds of his day. Serving from [[AntebellumAmerica 1797 to 1801]], he was preceded by none other than GeorgeWashington himself, and followed by ThomasJefferson. He was also the first and only president elected from the Federalist Party. Accomplished quite a lot before he became president. Successfully defended the British soldiers in the Boston Massacre from the charge of murder in 1770. Spearheaded the movement for independence. It was Adams who nominated GeorgeWashington to command the colonial militia during the Revolutionary War. Author of the pamphlet ''Thoughts on Government'', which became the blueprint for most of the state Constitutions and through them the federal Constitution. Adams also wrote the Massachusetts Constitution. He was the first US Ambassador (technically minister, but let's not get hung up on that) to Britain, serving from 1785 to 1788, when he went back home to run for office. Famous for the 1,100+ letters between himself and beloved wife Abigail, who hung laundry in the East Room before the White House was completed. Referring to his vice presidency, Adams said "My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived."

Didn't get along very well with many of the other Founding Fathers. Disliked Creator/BenFranklin's loose morals. Very much hated AlexanderHamilton, considering him to be scandalous and warmongering. Had a falling out with his HeterosexualLifePartner ThomasJefferson after Jefferson supported the French Revolution. They made up about 20 years later (in 1812-1813), then died on the same day: July 4, 1826, the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. His last words were, "Thomas Jefferson lives!" He was unaware that Jefferson had died earlier that day. Adams was also an abolitionist; he and his cousin Sam totally saw TheAmericanCivilWar coming years before slavery became a major national issue.

[[UnreliableNarrator In his own words from later in his life]], he was noisy, obnoxious, and generally disliked by Congress. Extremely effective nevertheless. Only served one term. Was unpopular but competent, and even his enemies granted he was honest. During his term, American diplomatic relations with France proved very strained after the XYZ Affair, and the two countries nearly went to war. Adams wisely knew that America wasn't ready to go to war with a major power, and did his best to prevent war while also satisfying both the pro-war and anti-war politicians. In the course of routing his hawkish Congress while still ''appearing'' to gird the nation for war, Adams ordered the building of eight new frigates, [[{{Irony}} making him the Father of the U.S. Navy]]. Passed the Alien and Sedition Acts proposed by the pro-war side; these were the spiritual forefathers of the Patriot Act. However, he insisted on limited usage of the Acts (only ten people were ever convicted by the acts) and they were abolished after he left office. His resistance of the war fever during this period (known as the "Quasi War") is largely what cost him reelection, losing to his Vice President, ThomasJefferson. After losing reelection, he created a number of federal judicial positions (nicknamed "Midnight Judges") during his last few days in office. He also appointed John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court]]. Marshall articulated the practice of judicial review of the Constitution--incidentally in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marbury_v._Madison a case involving another Midnight Judge]]--which established the judiciary's role in government. Adams also signed the Treaty of Tripoli with what was then Ottoman {{UsefulNotes/Libya}}. It allowed for peaceful trade relations between the two, but it's notable today because an article of the treaty states that "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion," a source of much debate today ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment hopefully none of it here]]).

He is probably most well known via ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' (where he was played by Creator/WilliamDaniels) and David [=McCullough=]'s [[Series/JohnAdams eponymous biography]], filmed as a mini series by HBO in 2008, with the very appropriate Creator/PaulGiamatti in the role. Younger viewers may recognize him from the {{PBS}} educational animated series, ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', voiced by BillyCrystal.

to:

'''John Adams''' (1735-1826) was a Founding Father and the first Vice President and second 2nd President of the United States of America, a Founding Father, and one of the most important, insightful, and influential legal minds of his day. (1797-1801). Serving from [[AntebellumAmerica 1797 to 1801]], he was preceded by none other than between GeorgeWashington himself, and followed by ThomasJefferson. ThomasJefferson, Adams was the only President of the Federalist Party. He was also the first and only president elected from the Federalist Party. Accomplished quite a lot before he became president. Successfully defended the British soldiers to reside in the Boston Massacre White House, which was completed in the last year of his presidency.

Coming
from the charge of murder in 1770. Spearheaded the movement for independence. It was a wealthy and powerful family, Adams who nominated GeorgeWashington to command the colonial militia during the Revolutionary War. Author was one of the pamphlet most intelligent American men of his time. A lifelong supporter of republicanism and a strong central government, he is considered one of the most important political theorists in early American history. His writings, notably his 1776 essay ''Thoughts on Government'', which became the blueprint for most were powerful arguments in favor of the state Constitutions bicameral legislature and through them the federal Constitution. Adams separation of powers. He also wrote the Massachusetts Constitution. state constitution for his home state of Massachusetts. Passionately opposed to slavery, Adams correctly predicted that it was [[TheAmericanCivilWar a threat to the country’s unity]]. However, Adams was also a stubborn and prideful man who did not get along very well with even his closest political allies, and his argumentative personality hindered his efforts as a leader. Adams and his wife, Abigail, were intellectual equals, and he often sought her advice on important issues. They founded a family who would continue to play a major role in national politics for generations; notably, their son, JohnQuincyAdams, would himself become President in 1825, one year before John Adams’ death.

He was a lawyer prior to his years as a statesman, and Adams quickly gained attention for being one of the leading opponents of British economic policies with the Thirteen Colonies. His cousin Samuel Adams was also a Founding Father, and he organized the Boston Tea Party in 1773. In 1770, Adams was the lawyer who defended the eight British troops involved in the infamous Boston Massacre. At the Second Continental Congress in 1776, Adams was one of the most vocal voices calling for independence from Great Britain. Thanks to his efforts, the Congress passed a Declaration of Independence which Adams helped his good friend ThomasJefferson write. He was also the man who nominated GeorgeWashington to lead the Continental Army during the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution Revolutionary War]]. During the war and for some years after, Adams served his country as an ambassador to various European countries, where he won vital foreign support for the Americans.

In 1789, Adams became
the first US Ambassador (technically minister, but let's not get hung up on that) to Britain, Vice President, serving from 1785 to 1788, when he went back home to run for office. Famous for the 1,100+ letters between himself and beloved wife Abigail, who hung laundry in the East Room before the White House was completed. Referring to his vice presidency, under President Washington. Adams said "My country has in its wisdom contrived was rarely consulted for me policy advice, and he notoriously called the vice presidency “the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived."

Didn't get along very well with many of
” Ironically, he also cast more tie-breaking votes in the Senate than any other Founding Fathers. Disliked Creator/BenFranklin's loose morals. Very much hated AlexanderHamilton, considering him to be scandalous and warmongering. Had a falling out with his HeterosexualLifePartner ThomasJefferson after Jefferson supported the French Revolution. They made up about 20 years later (in 1812-1813), then died on the same day: July 4, 1826, the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. His last words were, "Thomas Jefferson lives!" He was unaware that Jefferson had died earlier that day. Adams was also an abolitionist; he and his cousin Sam totally saw TheAmericanCivilWar coming years before slavery became a major national issue.

[[UnreliableNarrator In his own words from later in his life]], he was noisy, obnoxious, and generally disliked by Congress. Extremely effective nevertheless. Only served one term. Was unpopular but competent, and even his enemies granted he was honest.
Vice President. During his term, time as Vice President, Adams joined the New England-based Federalist Party, in spite of his sour relationship with party leader AlexanderHamilton. He also tried to create a formal name for the President, such as "His Majesty the President." Washington instead chose the modest "Mr. President," and enemies in Congress nicknamed the short and fat Adams "His Rotundity." In 1796, Adams ran as the Federalist nominee for the presidency, and he won a narrow victory. Due to a loophole in the election system at the time, his opponent, Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party, became his Vice President.

Keeping his predecessor’s Cabinet, Adams quickly was confronted with severe party divisions. Adams’ moderate faction was at odds with the more aggressive faction led by Hamilton, who often schemed with other members in an attempt to win control of the party. Additionally, Jefferson also worked behind the scenes to undermine Adams’ authority. Just after Adams entered office,
American diplomatic relations with France proved very strained after severely do to something called the XYZ Affair, [=XYZ=] Affair. Adams sent ambassadors to France for important negotiations, but the French court demanded that the Americans pay a huge sum of money just for the right to ''speak'' to the leaders. The American public was outraged, and things escalated to the point that the two countries nearly went to war. soon found themselves in an undeclared naval war on the seas of the Atlantic. Known as the Quasi War, it was marked by Adams wisely knew that America wasn't ready to go to war with a major power, and did his best to prevent war while also satisfying both the pro-war and anti-war politicians. In the course of routing his hawkish Congress while still ''appearing'' to gird the nation for war, Adams ordered the building of eight new frigates, [[{{Irony}} making him up the Father military while simultaneously trying to negotiate with France an end to the conflict. An impressive Navy was built by the Adams administration, and Adams would become known as the “Father of the U.S. Navy]]. Passed American Navy.” In 1800, the new leader of France, NapoleonBonaparte, reached an agreement that ended the Quasi War, and Adams successfully managed to avoid an expansion of the conflict.

However, domestic policies proved to be Adams’ downfall. During the tense situation with France, Adams, at the advice of the Hamilton wing of the party, reluctantly signed a controversial series of bills known as
the Alien and Sedition Acts proposed by Acts. These acts gave the pro-war side; these were President the spiritual forefathers of power to deport foreign-born residents deemed to be a threat and to arrest citizens who publicly criticize the Patriot Act. However, he insisted on limited usage of the Acts (only federal government. While only ten people were ever convicted by the acts) arrested and these bills were going to expire by 1801, they were abolished widely unpopular with the voting public. Additionally, Adams raised taxes in order to fund his military buildups, and this was seen as a pointless waste of public money after he left office. His resistance war was avoided. In eastern Pennsylvania, which went through an economic crisis due to the high taxes, farmers started to rebel, and Adams had to send the state militia to put down the riots. For many people, it looked like the aristocrat Adams was encroaching on the rights of the war fever during this period (known as public and trying to create a dictatorship in the "Quasi War") is largely what cost him young country.

In the election of 1800, Adams lost to Vice President Jefferson, becoming the first incumbent to lose reelection. This was the first time in history an elected head of state lost
reelection, losing and Adams remarkably chose to step down from office when his Vice President, ThomasJefferson. After losing reelection, he created term ended rather than try to seize power with the military. In an attempt to limit Jefferson’s power upon the start of his presidency, Adams nominated a number of Federalists to federal judicial positions (nicknamed "Midnight Judges") during his last few days months in office. He also appointed The most notable of these was his nomination of John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court]]. Marshall articulated Under Marshall, the practice of judicial review of Supreme Court would expand its powers and establish its authority to determine the Constitution--incidentally in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marbury_v._Madison constitutionality of laws passed by Congress. When his term officially ended, a case involving another Midnight Judge]]--which established the judiciary's role in government. bitter Adams refused to attend Jefferson’s inauguration.

Adams also signed the Treaty of Tripoli with what was then Ottoman {{UsefulNotes/Libya}}. It allowed for peaceful trade relations between the two, but it's notable today because an article of the treaty states that "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion," a source of much debate today ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment hopefully none of it here]]).

Adams lived a private life in Massachusetts after he left office. While his relationship with Jefferson effectively came to an end in 1800, Adams made up with his old friend around 1812 and the two resumed their correspondence. His later years were marked by personal tragedies, including the deaths of his daughter and his wife. However, he did live long enough to see his son John Quincy become President in 1825. Adams died on Independence Day the following year; coincidentally, the same day as Jefferson. Adams' last words were "Thomas Jefferson survives!" - actually, Jefferson died first. He was 90 when he died, and remained the longest-lived President until surpassed by RonaldReagan in 2001. GeraldFord currently holds the record, by the way.

Adams initially wasn't one of the more respected Founding Fathers, but his reputation steadily rose over time and, eventually, he was recognized as one of the men most responsible for the success of the American Revolution.
He is probably most well known via ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' (where he was played by Creator/WilliamDaniels) and David [=McCullough=]'s [[Series/JohnAdams eponymous biography]], filmed as a mini series by HBO in 2008, with the very appropriate Creator/PaulGiamatti in the role. Younger viewers may recognize him from the {{PBS}} educational animated series, ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', voiced by BillyCrystal.
23rd Nov '13 3:35:56 PM MysteriousF
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John Adams (1735-1826) was the first Vice President and second President of the United States of America, a Founding Father, and one of the most important, insightful, and influential legal minds of his day. Serving from [[AntebellumAmerica 1797 to 1801]], he was preceded by none other than GeorgeWashington himself, and followed by ThomasJefferson. He was also the first and only president elected from the Federalist Party. Accomplished quite a lot before he became president. Successfully defended the British soldiers in the Boston Massacre from the charge of murder in 1770. Spearheaded the movement for independence. It was Adams who nominated GeorgeWashington to command the colonial militia during the Revolutionary War. Author of the pamphlet ''Thoughts on Government'', which became the blueprint for most of the state Constitutions and through them the federal Constitution. Adams also wrote the Massachusetts Constitution. He was the first US Ambassador (technically minister, but let's not get hung up on that) to Britain, serving from 1785 to 1788, when he went back home to run for office. Famous for the 1,100+ letters between himself and beloved wife Abigail, who hung laundry in the East Room before the White House was completed. Referring to his vice presidency, Adams said "My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived."

to:

John Adams '''John Adams''' (1735-1826) was the first Vice President and second President of the United States of America, a Founding Father, and one of the most important, insightful, and influential legal minds of his day. Serving from [[AntebellumAmerica 1797 to 1801]], he was preceded by none other than GeorgeWashington himself, and followed by ThomasJefferson. He was also the first and only president elected from the Federalist Party. Accomplished quite a lot before he became president. Successfully defended the British soldiers in the Boston Massacre from the charge of murder in 1770. Spearheaded the movement for independence. It was Adams who nominated GeorgeWashington to command the colonial militia during the Revolutionary War. Author of the pamphlet ''Thoughts on Government'', which became the blueprint for most of the state Constitutions and through them the federal Constitution. Adams also wrote the Massachusetts Constitution. He was the first US Ambassador (technically minister, but let's not get hung up on that) to Britain, serving from 1785 to 1788, when he went back home to run for office. Famous for the 1,100+ letters between himself and beloved wife Abigail, who hung laundry in the East Room before the White House was completed. Referring to his vice presidency, Adams said "My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived."
21st Nov '13 6:03:33 PM Librarian
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* TheMagnificent: The official title of the President was serious business for Adams, who during Washington's presidency favored several honorary and bombastic titles or surnames (Not expecting that he would ever enter the office) but was overruled in favor of simplicity. The Senate eventually voted ''him'' the title of "His Rotundity" as a TakeThat.

to:

* TheMagnificent: The official title of the President was serious business for Adams, who during Washington's presidency favored several honorary and bombastic titles or surnames (Not (not expecting that he would ever enter the office) but was overruled in favor of simplicity. The Senate eventually voted ''him'' the title of "His Rotundity" as a TakeThat.
21st Nov '13 6:02:47 PM Librarian
Is there an issue? Send a Message


* TheMagnificent: The official title of the President was serious business for Adams, who favored several honorary and bombastic titles or surnames but was overruled in favor of simplicity. The Senate eventually voted ''him'' the title of "His Rotundity" as a TakeThat.

to:

* TheMagnificent: The official title of the President was serious business for Adams, who during Washington's presidency favored several honorary and bombastic titles or surnames (Not expecting that he would ever enter the office) but was overruled in favor of simplicity. The Senate eventually voted ''him'' the title of "His Rotundity" as a TakeThat.
3rd Nov '13 6:01:14 AM K9Thefirst1
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He is probably most well known via ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' (where he was played by Creator/WilliamDaniels) and David [=McCullough=]'s [[Series/JohnAdams eponymous biography]], filmed as a mini series by HBO in 2008, with the very appropriate Creator/PaulGiamatti in the role. Other notable portrayals include the musical, ''SeventeenSeventySix'' by WilliamDaniels and in the {{PBS}} educational animated series, ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', voiced by BillyCrystal.

to:

He is probably most well known via ''[[Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix 1776]]'' (where he was played by Creator/WilliamDaniels) and David [=McCullough=]'s [[Series/JohnAdams eponymous biography]], filmed as a mini series by HBO in 2008, with the very appropriate Creator/PaulGiamatti in the role. Other notable portrayals include the musical, ''SeventeenSeventySix'' by WilliamDaniels and in Younger viewers may recognize him from the {{PBS}} educational animated series, ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', voiced by BillyCrystal.
27th Oct '13 10:09:12 AM MysteriousF
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[[UnreliableNarrator In his own words from later in his life]], he was noisy, obnoxious, and generally disliked by Congress. Extremely effective nevertheless. Only served one term. Was unpopular but competent, and even his enemies granted he was honest. During his term, American diplomatic relations with France proved very strained after the XYZ Affair, and the two countries nearly went to war. Adams wisely knew that America wasn't ready to go to war with a major power, and did his best to prevent war while also satisfying both the pro-war and anti-war politicians. In the course of routing his hawkish Congress while still ''appearing'' to gird the nation for war, Adams ordered the building of eight new frigates, [[{{Irony}} making him the Father of the U.S. Navy]]. Passed the Alien and Sedition Acts proposed by the pro-war side; these were the spiritual forefathers of the Patriot Act. However, he insisted on limited usage of the Acts (only ten people were ever convicted by the acts) and they were abolished after he left office. His resistance of the war fever during this period (known as the "Quasi War") is largely what cost him reelection, losing to his Vice President, ThomasJefferson. After losing reelection, he appointed a number of federal judges (nicknamed "Midnight Judges") during his last few days in office. One of them was the appointment of John Marshall as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Marshall articulated the practice of judicial review of the Constitution--incidentally in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marbury_v._Madison a case involving another Midnight Judge]]--which established the judiciary's role in government. Adams also signed the Treaty of Tripoli with what was then Ottoman {{UsefulNotes/Libya}}. It allowed for peaceful trade relations between the two, but it's notable today because an article of the treaty states that "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion," a source of much debate today ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment hopefully none of it here]]).

to:

[[UnreliableNarrator In his own words from later in his life]], he was noisy, obnoxious, and generally disliked by Congress. Extremely effective nevertheless. Only served one term. Was unpopular but competent, and even his enemies granted he was honest. During his term, American diplomatic relations with France proved very strained after the XYZ Affair, and the two countries nearly went to war. Adams wisely knew that America wasn't ready to go to war with a major power, and did his best to prevent war while also satisfying both the pro-war and anti-war politicians. In the course of routing his hawkish Congress while still ''appearing'' to gird the nation for war, Adams ordered the building of eight new frigates, [[{{Irony}} making him the Father of the U.S. Navy]]. Passed the Alien and Sedition Acts proposed by the pro-war side; these were the spiritual forefathers of the Patriot Act. However, he insisted on limited usage of the Acts (only ten people were ever convicted by the acts) and they were abolished after he left office. His resistance of the war fever during this period (known as the "Quasi War") is largely what cost him reelection, losing to his Vice President, ThomasJefferson. After losing reelection, he appointed created a number of federal judges judicial positions (nicknamed "Midnight Judges") during his last few days in office. One of them was the appointment of He also appointed John Marshall as [[AmericanCourts Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.Court]]. Marshall articulated the practice of judicial review of the Constitution--incidentally in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marbury_v._Madison a case involving another Midnight Judge]]--which established the judiciary's role in government. Adams also signed the Treaty of Tripoli with what was then Ottoman {{UsefulNotes/Libya}}. It allowed for peaceful trade relations between the two, but it's notable today because an article of the treaty states that "the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion," a source of much debate today ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment hopefully none of it here]]).
18th Oct '13 3:10:02 PM kchishol
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Added DiffLines:

* In ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', he's a major recurring character voiced by BillyCrystal.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.JohnAdams