History Main / Jazz

28th Aug '17 9:46:24 AM stuthehistoryguy
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* Music/JimiHendrix: Hendrix is usually counted among blues-rock guitarists, but he was heavily influenced by John Coltrane and was extremely influential in the evolution of jazz guitar. Was planning a project with Music/MilesDavis and Gil Evans at the time of his death.
31st Jul '17 6:19:20 AM MasterAquatosic
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* Music/DjangoReinhardt: The first non-American jazz innovator, and one of the most influential guitar players of the 20th century. With the ''Quartette/Quintette du Hot Club du France'', he replicated swing with an all-string ensemble, and, by combining this with some influences from Roma music (Reinhardt being Roma), created the sub-genre known as Gypsy Jazz. He did all this in spite of the fact that his left hand (i.e. his fretting hand) had been badly burned in a caravan accident when he was a teenager, so that only two of his fingers on that hand worked properly. Most guitarists even today can't play like Django with four working fingers and a thumb, making him jazz's supreme HandicappedBadass.

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* Music/DjangoReinhardt: The first non-American jazz innovator, and one of the most influential guitar players of the 20th century. With the ''Quartette/Quintette du Hot Club du France'', he replicated swing with an all-string ensemble, and, by combining this with some influences from Roma music (Reinhardt being Roma), created the sub-genre known as Gypsy Jazz.Jazz (or Hot Club Jazz). He did all this in spite of the fact that his left hand (i.e. his fretting hand) had been badly burned in a caravan accident when he was a teenager, so that only two of his fingers on that hand worked properly. Most guitarists even today can't play like Django with four working fingers and a thumb, making him jazz's supreme HandicappedBadass.
16th Jul '17 10:21:43 AM nombretomado
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* Lester Young (nicknamed "Pres"[[note]]Short for "President"[[/note]]): Tenor sax player from Mississippi who came to prominence in Count Basie's band. In many ways the {{Foil}} to Coleman Hawkins; his laid-back, intimate, waaaay-behind-the-beat style was the opposite of Hawkins's driving energy, and was so hugely influential that he is pretty much responsible for the trope of [[{{Sexophone}} romantic saxophone music]]. A close friend and frequent collaborator of Creator/BillieHoliday. Shy and introverted, he was jazz's great BunnyEarsLawyer, inventing his own version of hipster slang.[[note]]He famously called everyone "Lady", thereby giving Holiday her nickname "Lady Day". Other examples: "Does madam burn?"=Does your wife cook? "Have eyes"=want, i.e. "I had big eyes for a spot with Basie"=I really wanted to play with Basie. He's even said to have been the first person to use the word "cool" to mean something good or desirable.[[/note]] After a disastrous period of Army service during WW2 he went from being a heavy drinker to a problem drinker, and he died of liver disease aged only 49. Famed for his rumpled sense of style and CoolHat, which gave its name to Charles Mingus's elegy for him, "Goodbye Pork Pie Hat".

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* Lester Young (nicknamed "Pres"[[note]]Short for "President"[[/note]]): Tenor sax player from Mississippi who came to prominence in Count Basie's band. In many ways the {{Foil}} to Coleman Hawkins; his laid-back, intimate, waaaay-behind-the-beat style was the opposite of Hawkins's driving energy, and was so hugely influential that he is pretty much responsible for the trope of [[{{Sexophone}} romantic saxophone music]]. A close friend and frequent collaborator of Creator/BillieHoliday. Shy and introverted, he was jazz's great BunnyEarsLawyer, inventing his own version of hipster slang.[[note]]He famously called everyone "Lady", thereby giving Holiday her nickname "Lady Day". Other examples: "Does madam burn?"=Does your wife cook? "Have eyes"=want, i.e. "I had big eyes for a spot with Basie"=I really wanted to play with Basie. He's even said to have been the first person to use the word "cool" to mean something good or desirable.[[/note]] After a disastrous period of Army service during WW2 [=WW2=] he went from being a heavy drinker to a problem drinker, and he died of liver disease aged only 49. Famed for his rumpled sense of style and CoolHat, which gave its name to Charles Mingus's elegy for him, "Goodbye Pork Pie Hat".
17th Jun '17 2:05:43 PM nombretomado
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OK, OK, that probably didn't help much, but in our defense, defining jazz really is hard (just look at what the OtherWiki [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz#Definitions has to say about that]]!). So maybe we can just stick with the following: At its heart, jazz is about spontaneity. That usually means improvising, the art of playing (to a greater or lesser extent) without a script and being free to play whatever you like, sometimes without even confines of traditional music structure (which is what [[LoveItOrHateIt Free Jazz]] is all about).

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OK, OK, that probably didn't help much, but in our defense, defining jazz really is hard (just look at what the OtherWiki Wiki/TheOtherWiki [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz#Definitions has to say about that]]!). So maybe we can just stick with the following: At its heart, jazz is about spontaneity. That usually means improvising, the art of playing (to a greater or lesser extent) without a script and being free to play whatever you like, sometimes without even confines of traditional music structure (which is what [[LoveItOrHateIt Free Jazz]] is all about).
13th May '17 6:24:53 PM pepsimax
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* Music/SalvadorSobral
16th Mar '17 4:02:25 PM LongTallShorty64
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* Ella Fitzgerald: One of the most well-known jazz vocalists of all time, her range, accuracy, sense of swing, and the cheerful quality of her voice led many to consider her one of the greatest singers of the 20th century, period. Expect VocalDissonance (Sorry Ella). She was the singer in Chick Webb's orchestra and took over as leader after his death. After the swing era came to a close she remained popular and pioneered singing in a bop style.

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* Ella Fitzgerald: Music/EllaFitzgerald: One of the most well-known jazz vocalists of all time, her range, accuracy, sense of swing, and the cheerful quality of her voice led many to consider her one of the greatest singers of the 20th century, period. Expect VocalDissonance (Sorry Ella). She was the singer in Chick Webb's orchestra and took over as leader after his death. After the swing era came to a close she remained popular and pioneered singing in a bop style.
8th Mar '17 1:12:00 PM jamespolk
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* Music/JohnMcLaughlin: English guitarist, started out playing 60s R&B and rock with the Graham Bond Organisation, soon moved into avant-garde circles in Britain, then went to America and played with Miles Davis before launching a solo career which involved him getting seriously into Indian spirituality and co-founding the highly successful jazz-rock band Mahavishnu Orchestra. Branched into a fusion of jazz and Indian classical music with Shakti; since the 80s, has mostly returned to electrified jazz. Famous for having short hair in the early 70s "because it is my guru's will", but also for his formidable technique as a player and his restless musical imagination.

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* Music/JohnMcLaughlin: English guitarist, started out playing 60s R&B and rock with the Graham Bond Organisation, soon moved into avant-garde circles in Britain, then went to America and played with Miles Davis before launching a solo career which involved him getting seriously into Indian spirituality and co-founding the highly successful jazz-rock band Mahavishnu Orchestra. Branched into a fusion of jazz and Indian classical music with Shakti; since the 80s, has mostly returned to electrified jazz. Famous for having short hair in the early 70s "because it is my guru's will", but also for his formidable technique as a player and his restless musical imagination. Not, repeat, ''[[NamesTheSame not]]'', host of political yak show ''The [=McLaughlin=] Group''.
21st Feb '17 8:05:21 PM gewunomox
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* Brad Mehldau: Floridian pianist who started out as a sideman but soon developed his own polyrhythmic style and made a series of albums in the 90s called ''The Art of the Trio'' in which he blended classical-derived technique with improvisation. Particularly known for his interpretations of rock songs: he is a big fan of Music/{{Radiohead}} and has covered several of their songs, but he's also done his own highly creative versions of tracks by Music/TheKinks, Music/StoneTemplePilots, Music/TheVerve, Music/PinkFloyd, Music/MassiveAttack, Music/{{Nirvana}} and Music/TheBeatles -- and that's just on ''one album'' (the admittedly four-disc ''10 Years Solo Live'', which also had room for standards, Mehldau's own compositions and pieces by Music/JohannesBrahms). Rather than just solo over reharmonised versions of popular songs, he tends to break down the song structure and come up with new variations on the spot; has been acclaimed as the first jazz musician to successfully incorporate post-{{Beatles}} popular music into jazz. Had a drug problem in the 90s but successfully cleaned up. Very brainy, interested in philosophy and literature, used to get mocked for his literate, ruminative liner notes but has now become a bit of a Living Master. Most recently collaborated with bluegrass mandolinist [[NickelCreek Chris Thile]].

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* Brad Mehldau: Floridian pianist who started out as a sideman but soon developed his own polyrhythmic style and made a series of albums in the 90s called ''The Art of the Trio'' in which he blended classical-derived technique with improvisation. Particularly known for his interpretations of rock songs: he is a big fan of Music/{{Radiohead}} and has covered several of their songs, but he's also done his own highly creative versions of tracks by Music/TheKinks, Music/StoneTemplePilots, Music/TheVerve, Music/PinkFloyd, Music/MassiveAttack, Music/{{Nirvana}} and Music/TheBeatles -- and that's just on ''one album'' (the admittedly four-disc ''10 Years Solo Live'', which also had room for standards, Mehldau's own compositions and pieces by Music/JohannesBrahms). Rather than just solo over reharmonised versions of popular songs, he tends to break down the song structure and come up with new variations on the spot; has been acclaimed as the first jazz musician to successfully incorporate post-{{Beatles}} post-TheBeatles popular music into jazz. Had a drug problem in the 90s but successfully cleaned up. Very brainy, interested in philosophy and literature, used to get mocked for his literate, ruminative liner notes but has now become a bit of a Living Master. Most recently collaborated with bluegrass mandolinist [[NickelCreek Chris Thile]].
10th Feb '17 1:44:38 AM 06tele
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* Brad Mehldau: Floridian pianist who started out as a sideman but soon developed his own polyrhythmic style and made a series of albums in the 90s called ''The Art of the Trio'' in which he blended classical-derived technique with improvisation. Particularly known for his interpretations of rock songs: he is a big fan of Music/{{Radiohead}} and has covered several of their songs, but he's also done his own highly creative versions of tracks by Music/TheKinks, Music/StoneTemplePilots, Music/TheVerve, Music/PinkFloyd, Music/MassiveAttack, Music/{{Nirvana}} and Music/TheBeatles -- and that's just on ''one album'' (the admittedly four-disc ''10 Years Solo Live'', which also had room for standards, Mehldau's own compositions and pieces by Music/JohannesBrahms). Rather than just solo over reharmonised versions of popular songs, he tends to break down the song structure and come up with new variations on the spot; has been acclaimed as the first jazz musician to successfully incorporate post-{{Beatles}} popular music into jazz. Had a drug problem in the 90s but successfully cleaned up. Very brainy, interested in philosophy and literature, used to get mocked for his literate, ruminative liner notes but has now become a bit of a Living Master. Most recently collaborated with bluegrass mandolinist [[NickelCreek Chris Thile]].



* Brad Mehldau: Floridian pianist who started out as a sideman but soon developed his own style and made a series of albums in the 90s called ''The Art of the Trio'' in which he blended classical-derived technique with improvisation. Particularly known for his interpretations of rock songs: he is a big fan of Music/{{Radiohead}} and has covered several of their songs, but he's also done his own highly creative versions of tracks by Music/TheKinks, Music/StoneTemplePilots, Music/TheVerve, Music/PinkFloyd, Music/MassiveAttack, Music/{{Nirvana}} and Music/TheBeatles -- and that's just on ''one album'' (the admittedly four-disc ''10 Years Solo Live'', which also had room for standards, Mehldau's own compositions and pieces by Music/JohannesBrahms). Rather than just solo over reharmonised versions of popular songs, he tends to break down the song structure and come up with new variations on the spot; has been acclaimed as the first jazz musician to successfully incorporate post-{{Beatles}} popular music into jazz. Had a drug problem in the 90s but successfully cleaned up. Very brainy, interested in philosophy and literature, used to get mocked for his literate, ruminative liner notes but has now become a bit of a Living Master. Most recently collaborated with bluegrass mandolinist [[NickelCreek Chris Thile]].

to:

* Brad Mehldau: Floridian pianist who started out as a sideman but soon developed his own style and made a series of albums in the 90s called ''The Art of the Trio'' in which he blended classical-derived technique with improvisation. Particularly known for his interpretations of rock songs: he is a big fan of Music/{{Radiohead}} and has covered several of their songs, but he's also done his own highly creative versions of tracks by Music/TheKinks, Music/StoneTemplePilots, Music/TheVerve, Music/PinkFloyd, Music/MassiveAttack, Music/{{Nirvana}} and Music/TheBeatles -- and that's just on ''one album'' (the admittedly four-disc ''10 Years Solo Live'', which also had room for standards, Mehldau's own compositions and pieces by Music/JohannesBrahms). Rather than just solo over reharmonised versions of popular songs, he tends to break down the song structure and come up with new variations on the spot; has been acclaimed as the first jazz musician to successfully incorporate post-{{Beatles}} popular music into jazz. Had a drug problem in the 90s but successfully cleaned up. Very brainy, interested in philosophy and literature, used to get mocked for his literate, ruminative liner notes but has now become a bit of a Living Master. Most recently collaborated with bluegrass mandolinist [[NickelCreek Chris Thile]].




* Music/FrankSinatra

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* Music/FrankSinatraMusic/FrankSinatra: Again, not normally considered a jazz singer, but an enormous influence on jazz musicians for the intelligence of his phrasing and his commitment to the emotional content of a song. His 1946 recording of "Sweet Lorraine" with the Metronome All-Stars is basically a jazz supergroup: besides Sinatra on vocals, the band features Coleman Hawkins on tenor sax, Johnny Hodges on alto, Harry Carney on baritone sax, Nat King Cole on piano and Buddy Rich on drums.
10th Feb '17 1:34:07 AM 06tele
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* Music/CharlesMingus: The ''angry'' man of jazz, absolutely brilliant and over-opinionated in every place that counted. Known for taking pot shots at other jazz musicians, being an outspoken social activist, inspiring The Who to trash their instruments on stage, and writing a [[http://www.mingusmingusmingus.com/Mingus/cat_training.html guide for how to toilet-train cats.]] Also one of the great jazz composers after Duke Ellington (who he cited as a major influence), writing longer, more complex compositions that seamlessly brought together blues and more avant-garde influences (as a teenager growing up in Watts, Los Angeles, he studied Schoenberg and Stravinsky alongside Ellington) in addition to more conventional jazz "tunes" based on 16- or 32-bar progressions. He's the first- and only, so far - jazz musician to have his entire (gigantic) catalog acquired by the Library of Congress.

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* Music/CharlesMingus: The Double bass player, composer and bandleader, the ''angry'' man of jazz, absolutely brilliant and over-opinionated in every place that counted. Known for taking pot shots at other jazz musicians, being an outspoken social activist, inspiring The Who to trash their instruments on stage, and writing a [[http://www.mingusmingusmingus.com/Mingus/cat_training.html guide for how to toilet-train cats.]] Also one of the great jazz composers after Duke Ellington (who he cited as a major influence), writing longer, more complex compositions that seamlessly brought together blues and more avant-garde influences (as a teenager growing up in Watts, Los Angeles, he studied Schoenberg and Stravinsky alongside Ellington) in addition to more conventional jazz "tunes" based on 16- or 32-bar progressions. He's He was the first- and only, so far - first jazz musician to have his entire (gigantic) catalog acquired by the Library of Congress.
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