History Main / HereditaryRepublic

24th Aug '16 6:10:22 AM NozzDogg
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* In ''TabletopGame/RocketAge'' most Martian city states are principalities, as it is against religious law to claim the title of king or emperor, but some use democratic titles such as prime minister. This has absolutely no impact on the fundamental nature of the city state, as the position is still hereditary until someone ousts the current ruler.
19th Aug '16 1:32:19 AM HenningMakholm
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* When the Democrats were choosing a candidate for the 2008 election, it was noted that if UsefulNotes/HillaryClinton became president, and served two terms, the USA would have been ruled for 28 years by members of two families.

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* ** When the Democrats were choosing a candidate for the 2008 election, it was noted that if UsefulNotes/HillaryClinton became president, and served two terms, the USA would have been ruled for 28 years by members of two families.



* When Senator Frank Murkowski of Alaska was elected Governor in 2002, he gained the right to appoint the replacement who would finish his term in the Senate. He appointed his daughter, Lisa Murkowski, who went on to be elected in her own right. And then elected against despite ''not being an official candidate'', making her only the second person ever elected to the Senate via write-in votes. Despite Lisa Murkowski proving to be very popular among Alaskans, the fact that her father appointed her to the seat was politically damaging to ''him''.

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* ** When Senator Frank Murkowski of Alaska was elected Governor in 2002, he gained the right to appoint the replacement who would finish his term in the Senate. He appointed his daughter, Lisa Murkowski, who went on to be elected in her own right. And then elected against despite ''not being an official candidate'', making her only the second person ever elected to the Senate via write-in votes. Despite Lisa Murkowski proving to be very popular among Alaskans, the fact that her father appointed her to the seat was politically damaging to ''him''.




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* Despite not being a republic in the first place, Denmark made an honest try for this when the three prime ministers in office between 1993 and 2011 all had the family name Rasmussen. Unfortunately they were not related at all; Rasmussen is a somewhat common patronymic.
8th Jul '16 2:29:42 PM Fireblood
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* The United States has had several political dynasty families (generally at state or local levels of government) with associated political machines (and sometimes with high levels of corruption and patronage). These include the Daleys of Chicago, the Byrds of Virginia, the Kennedys of Massachusetts, the Sullivans of Alaska, the Udalls of the Western US, or the Tafts of Ohio.
* When the Democrats were choosing a candidate for the 2008 election, it was noted that if UsefulNotes/HillaryClinton became president, and served two terms, the USA would have been ruled for 28 years by members of two families. Fast forward to 2016 and a Clinton is again in the running.
** Then subverted when she wasn't nominated. Though she was later appointed Secretary of State.

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* The United States has had several political dynasty families (generally at state or local levels of government) with associated political machines (and sometimes with high levels of corruption and patronage). These include the Daleys of Chicago, the Byrds of Virginia, the Kennedys of Massachusetts, the Sullivans of Alaska, the Udalls of the Western US, or and the Tafts of Ohio.
* When the Democrats were choosing a candidate for the 2008 election, it was noted that if UsefulNotes/HillaryClinton became president, and served two terms, the USA would have been ruled for 28 years by members of two families. Fast forward to 2016 and a Clinton is again in the running.\n
** Then subverted when she wasn't nominated. Though she was later appointed Secretary of State. Now she's running for President again.



** TheRomanEmpire, at least at first. Augustus Caesar was, after all, [[JustTheFirstCitizen only the Republic's First Citizen]] (the term became "prince" later, which itself itself came from the word "first" in Latin), and throughout his dynasty, there was juggling of the actual offices held. The pretense slid away slowly, because Rome's previous bad experience with monarchy meant it was politically expedient to not admit becoming one again. Augustus taking office was the ''de facto'' beginning of the Empire, but they waited three centuries before finally admitting that Rome had become an absolute dictatorship when the ''Princeps'' became ''Dominus''.

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** TheRomanEmpire, at least at first. Augustus Caesar was, after all, [[JustTheFirstCitizen only the Republic's First Citizen]] (the term became "prince" later, which itself itself came comes from the word "first" in Latin), and throughout his dynasty, there was juggling of the actual offices held. The pretense slid away slowly, because Rome's previous bad experience with monarchy meant it was politically expedient to not admit becoming one again. Augustus taking office was the ''de facto'' beginning of the Empire, but they waited three centuries before finally admitting that Rome had become an absolute dictatorship when the ''Princeps'' became ''Dominus''.
8th Jul '16 12:43:47 AM nngnna
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* TheRomanRepublic ended up like this, with a handful of families passing the post of consul between them.



* TheRomanEmpire, at least at first. Augustus Caesar was, after all, [[JustTheFirstCitizen only the Republic's First Citizen]] (the term became "prince" later, which itself itself came from the word "first" in Latin), and throughout his dynasty, there was juggling of the actual offices held. The pretense slid away slowly, because Rome's previous bad experience with monarchy meant it was politically expedient to not admit becoming one again. Augustus taking office was the ''de facto'' beginning of the Empire, but they waited three centuries before finally admitting that Rome had become an absolute dictatorship when the ''Princeps'' became ''Dominus''.

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* TheRomanRepublic ended up like this, with a handful of families passing the post of consul between them.
**
TheRomanEmpire, at least at first. Augustus Caesar was, after all, [[JustTheFirstCitizen only the Republic's First Citizen]] (the term became "prince" later, which itself itself came from the word "first" in Latin), and throughout his dynasty, there was juggling of the actual offices held. The pretense slid away slowly, because Rome's previous bad experience with monarchy meant it was politically expedient to not admit becoming one again. Augustus taking office was the ''de facto'' beginning of the Empire, but they waited three centuries before finally admitting that Rome had become an absolute dictatorship when the ''Princeps'' became ''Dominus''.
1st Jul '16 3:12:52 PM Bissek
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** There has been three cases when a president has been the descendant of a previous one: UsefulNotes/JohnQuincyAdams and UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush were the sons of UsefulNotes/JohnAdams and UsefulNotes/GeorgeHWBush, respectively, while UsefulNotes/BenjaminHarrison was the grandson of UsefulNotes/WilliamHenryHarrison.\\
None, however, directly succeeded their ancestors. Dubya came closest--he entered office "only" eight years and one intervening presidency (that of UsefulNotes/BillClinton) after his father left it and UsefulNotes/GeorgeHWBush lived to see his son serve out both terms. Meanwhile, there were 24 years and three presidents between the two Adams[[note]]UsefulNotes/ThomasJefferson, UsefulNotes/JamesMadison, and UsefulNotes/JamesMonroe[[/note]] and UsefulNotes/JohnAdams himself died in the second year of his son's presidency, while UsefulNotes/WilliamHenryHarrison famously didn't live out his own term, never mind see his grandson enter the White House 48 years later.

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** There has been three cases when a president has been the descendant of a previous one: UsefulNotes/JohnQuincyAdams and UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush were the sons of UsefulNotes/JohnAdams and UsefulNotes/GeorgeHWBush, respectively, while UsefulNotes/BenjaminHarrison was the grandson of UsefulNotes/WilliamHenryHarrison. UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt and UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt were distant cousins who were also closely related by marriage.\\
None, however, directly succeeded their ancestors. Dubya came closest--he entered office "only" eight years and one intervening presidency (that of UsefulNotes/BillClinton) after his father left it and UsefulNotes/GeorgeHWBush lived to see his son serve out both terms. Meanwhile, there were 24 years and three presidents between the two Adams[[note]]UsefulNotes/ThomasJefferson, UsefulNotes/JamesMadison, and UsefulNotes/JamesMonroe[[/note]] and UsefulNotes/JohnAdams himself died in the second year of his son's presidency, while UsefulNotes/WilliamHenryHarrison famously didn't live out his own term, never mind see his grandson enter the White House 48 years later. The Roosevelts were separated by 24 years and 5 presidents [[note]]UsefulNotes/WilliamHowardTaft, UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson, UsefulNotes/WarrenHarding, UsefulNotes/CalvinCoolidge, and UsefulNotes/HerbertHoover[[/note]], and Teddy did not live to see FDR elected.
30th Jun '16 2:13:59 PM alkistisioanna
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* UsefulNotes/{{Greece}}'s politics can also be very dynastic. The most famous instances of these being the multiple Papandreous (Giorgios, his son Andreas, his grandson [[NamesTheSame Giorgios]]) and Karamanlises (Konstantinos, Konstantinos Androu "Kostas") who have served as Prime Ministers or Presidents.

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* UsefulNotes/{{Greece}}'s politics can also be very dynastic. The most famous instances of these being the multiple Papandreous (Giorgios, his son Andreas, his grandson [[NamesTheSame Giorgios]]) and Karamanlises (Konstantinos, (Konstantinos,his nephew Konstantinos Androu "Kostas") who have served as Prime Ministers or Presidents.
6th Jun '16 11:37:28 AM Morgenthaler
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* In {{Foundation}}, The Republic of Korell and for a time the Foundation itself.
* In SpaceViking, Trask meets a shocked young man who has just become "Hereditary President of the Democratic Republic of Tetragrammaton", thanks to his father's death at the hands of Dunnan's raiders.
* In RussellKirk's ACreatureOfTheTwlight: Following the murder of President/Sultan Ali by "certain disemboweling progress-evangels", the Loyalists proclaim his son Achmet as "Hereditary President of Hamnegri and Sultan in Kalidu."

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* In {{Foundation}}, ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'', The Republic of Korell and for a time the Foundation itself.
* In SpaceViking, ''Literature/SpaceViking'', Trask meets a shocked young man who has just become "Hereditary President of the Democratic Republic of Tetragrammaton", thanks to his father's death at the hands of Dunnan's raiders.
* In RussellKirk's ACreatureOfTheTwlight: Creator/RussellKirk's ''Literature/ACreatureOfTheTwilight'': Following the murder of President/Sultan Ali by "certain disemboweling progress-evangels", the Loyalists proclaim his son Achmet as "Hereditary President of Hamnegri and Sultan in Kalidu."
30th May '16 8:08:20 PM lavendermintrose
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* It is strongly implied that the Kururugi and Sumeragi families ruled the ''Anime/CodeGeass'' [[AlternateHistory world's version of]] Japan in this way before the Britannian invasion. In the [[AllThereInTheManual audio dramas]], Prime Minister Genbu Kururugi suggests that war could be prevented by the ArrangedMarriage of a member of one of those families and a Britannian royal. Suzaku also says that as "heir to the Kururugi name", he is far superior to the now-deposed Prince Lelouch, his family's hostage, and he seems to be expected to grow up to succeed his father. Kaguya Sumeragi is also referred to as a princess in several places.
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14th May '16 2:42:47 AM Morgenthaler
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* In ''{{Series/The100}}'', the Wallace family has held the Presidency of Mount Weather for three generations since Dante's Wallace's father. His son Cage takes it from him in a coup, however.
* ''{{Series/Tyrant}}'': Abbudin is one. Not only does Jamal Al Fayeed succeed his father as president (who had been in office ever since he seized power years before) but it's revealed that they aren't elected, even in a fixed race, until Barry convinces Jamal to amend the constitution so they will be. This makes it a more blatant example than most.

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* In ''{{Series/The100}}'', the Wallace family has held the Presidency of Mount Weather for three generations since Dante's Wallace's father. His son Cage takes it from him in a coup, however.
however.
* ''{{Series/Tyrant}}'': Abbudin is one. Not only does Jamal Al Fayeed succeed his father as president (who had been in office ever since he seized power years before) but it's revealed that they aren't elected, even in a fixed race, until Barry convinces Jamal to amend the constitution so they will be. This makes it a more blatant example than most.

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* Haiti's François Duvalier was succeeded by his son Jean-Claude Duvalier.

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* Haiti's François Duvalier was succeeded by his son Jean-Claude Duvalier.



* India has the Nehru–Gandhi family: Jawaharlal Nehru, his daughter Indira Gandhi, and ''her'' son Rajiv Gandhi have all been Prime Ministers of India (the latter two were both assassinated). Furthermore Rajiv's widow Sonia Gandhi is the current President of India's Congress Party, while their son Rahul is its General Secretary. Surprisingly, not related to UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi since Gandhi is a relatively commonplace surname in India, and Indira Gandhi's husband Feroze, who adopted his mother's last name of Gandhy, changing the spelling for that of the man himself to honor him (or to maximise political mileage, if you want to be cynical).

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* India has the Nehru–Gandhi Nehru�Gandhi family: Jawaharlal Nehru, his daughter Indira Gandhi, and ''her'' son Rajiv Gandhi have all been Prime Ministers of India (the latter two were both assassinated). Furthermore Rajiv's widow Sonia Gandhi is the current President of India's Congress Party, while their son Rahul is its General Secretary. Surprisingly, not related to UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi since Gandhi is a relatively commonplace surname in India, and Indira Gandhi's husband Feroze, who adopted his mother's last name of Gandhy, changing the spelling for that of the man himself to honor him (or to maximise political mileage, if you want to be cynical).



* All of these examples probably pale in comparison with the Philippines, where [[GenerationXerox two parent-and-child tandems have been President]] (Diosdado Macapagal and daughter Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo / Corazon "Cory" Aquino and son Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III), where the entire government is at the mercy of around [[UpToEleven 178 families]] ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_families_in_the_Philippines see the full list here]]), where ''at least three in four'' members of Congress have other relatives sitting in office, and where some families have held power in the same province or city for almost a century if not more. The list of examples run from the Aquinos to the Arroyos to the Binays to the Marcoses … and so on ''ad infinitum''. In fact, if not for the need to pretend at democracy, all that's missing is a formal peerage system.

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* All of these examples probably pale in comparison with the Philippines, where [[GenerationXerox two parent-and-child tandems have been President]] (Diosdado Macapagal and daughter Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo / Corazon "Cory" Aquino and son Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III), where the entire government is at the mercy of around [[UpToEleven 178 families]] ([[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_families_in_the_Philippines see the full list here]]), where ''at least three in four'' members of Congress have other relatives sitting in office, and where some families have held power in the same province or city for almost a century if not more. The list of examples run from the Aquinos to the Arroyos to the Binays to the Marcoses and so on ''ad infinitum''. In fact, if not for the need to pretend at democracy, all that's missing is a formal peerage system.


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10th Apr '16 6:27:34 PM Fireblood
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* In ''VideoGame/CrusaderKings 2'', you can play as several trade Republics, such as Pisa or Venice. Only the head of one of five families can be elected to the office, and much of your job is making sure to play this trope as straight as possible. On occasion, you or your vassals will create titles labelled as "The Republic of X", with the same hereditary succession laws that came before it. There ''are'' republics that just elects an (for the purposes of the game) random character, but they aren't playable for precisely the reason that they can't semi-reliably be this trope (Crusader Kings is about playing as a dynasty rather than, technically, about playing a state).

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* In ''VideoGame/CrusaderKings 2'', you can play as several trade Republics, such as Pisa or Venice. Only the head of one of five families can be elected to the office, and much of your job is making sure to play this trope as straight as possible. On occasion, you or your vassals will create titles labelled as "The Republic of X", with the same hereditary succession laws that came before it. There ''are'' republics that just elects an elect a (for the purposes of the game) random character, but they aren't playable for precisely the reason that they can't semi-reliably be this trope (Crusader Kings is about playing as a dynasty rather than, technically, about playing a state).



* NorthKorea. The first General Secretary of the Korean Workers' Party (which made him the leader) was Kim Il-sung. The next was Kim Jong-il, his son. After his death, his son Kim Jong-un, was announced as the successor. Oh, and Kim Il-sung is still president, years after his death.

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* NorthKorea. The first General Secretary of the Korean Workers' Party (which made him the leader) was Kim Il-sung. The next was Kim Jong-il, his son. After his death, his son Kim Jong-un, Jong-un was announced as the successor. Oh, and Kim Il-sung is still president, years after his death.
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.HereditaryRepublic