History Main / FalseFlagOperation

19th Jun '16 1:41:09 PM nombretomado
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Any False Flag Operation can be used to generate a PretextForWar. If a False Flag Operation is perpetrated by an individual villain to start a war for his own benefit, it's a case of WarForFunAndProfit. If the attack is directly against the guys you're posing as (as opposed to your own), it's DressingAsTheEnemy. When they disguise ''someone else'', it's DisguisedHostageGambit. If the intent is to incite two villainous groups to wipe each other out, it can either be EvilVersusEvil or EnemyCivilWar. Thus, it is the third of TheThirtySixStratagems.

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Any False Flag Operation can be used to generate a PretextForWar. If a False Flag Operation is perpetrated by an individual villain to start a war for his own benefit, it's a case of WarForFunAndProfit. If the attack is directly against the guys you're posing as (as opposed to your own), it's DressingAsTheEnemy. When they disguise ''someone else'', it's DisguisedHostageGambit. If the intent is to incite two villainous groups to wipe each other out, it can either be EvilVersusEvil or EnemyCivilWar. Thus, it is the third of TheThirtySixStratagems.
UsefulNotes/TheThirtySixStratagems.
17th Jun '16 1:34:46 AM mack
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* In Naval Combat using a false flag is a ''nom de guerre'', a "Ruse of War" and is a legal tactic ''as long you hoist true colours prior to engaging'', even if it is mere seconds before.
** Similarly, but less commonly, wearing the uniform of your enemy is also legal, as long as you discard the false uniform prior to engaging. Such a tactic was used in World War 2, with the resulting post-war trials resulting in the tactic being recognised as legal to order, as long as the troops ordered to do so were reminded and advised that they would need to discard the uniforms or potentially be liable to be executed as unlawful combatants, spies or saboteurs.


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** ''HMAS Sydney'', an Australian heavy cruiser was sunk as a result of this tactic being used by the German auxiliary cruiser ''Kormoran'' (converted from a civilian merchant ship) which had disguised itself as the Dutch freighter ''Straat Malakka''. The use of the false flag, camouflage and signal trickery combined with slack handling by Sydney, saw the two ships enter very close range, at which point the surprise of the Kormoran allowed it to gain an upper hand on the heavy cruiser and pound it with torpedos & heavy gun fire. While Sydney was able to sink the Kormoran in retaliation, the majority of the German crew survived and were rescued, while the Sydney went down with all hands (the largest Allied ship to be lost with all hands) in a major blow to Australian morale.
14th Jun '16 11:03:56 AM StFan
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* In the early issues of ''Comicbook/{{X-Factor}}'', the original five X-Men thought it would be a good idea to locate mutants to save by pretending to be a mutant-hunting organization called X-Factor, Inc., and a group of mutant terrorists informally known as the X-Terminators.

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* In the early issues of ''Comicbook/{{X-Factor}}'', ''ComicBook/XFactor'', the original five X-Men thought it would be a good idea to locate mutants to save by pretending to be a mutant-hunting organization called X-Factor, Inc., and a group of mutant terrorists informally known as the X-Terminators.



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** SHIELD gets their own back with much more success when they allow Bakshi to "escape" and convinces him that senior HYDRA leaders are conspiring to seize control of the organization. The result is that three of the four leaders are assassinated by HYDRA kill teams when Bakshi reports their "conspiracy", allowing the last one to be easily killed by SHIELD when they recapture Bakshi.
** One of these kicks off the war between SHIELD and the Inhumans at the end of season 2. During a sit down between SHIELD Agent Robert Gonzales and Inhuman leader Jiaying, [[spoiler: she kills him with a Terragin crystal, then shoots herself with his gun. And then on top of that, she has a couple of her lackeys hijack a Quinjet and open fire on the Inhumans' compound, making it appear as if SHIELD is trying to kill them all.]] This thus allows [[spoiler: Jiaying]] to start the war that they feel is inevitable anyway.

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** SHIELD S.H.I.E.L.D. gets their own back with much more success when they allow Bakshi to "escape" and convinces him that senior HYDRA leaders are conspiring to seize control of the organization. The result is that three of the four leaders are assassinated by HYDRA kill teams when Bakshi reports their "conspiracy", allowing the last one to be easily killed by SHIELD S.H.I.E.L.D. when they recapture Bakshi.
** One of these kicks off the war between SHIELD S.H.I.E.L.D. and the Inhumans at the end of season 2. During a sit down between SHIELD S.H.I.E.L.D. Agent Robert Gonzales and Inhuman leader Jiaying, [[spoiler: she [[spoiler:she kills him with a Terragin Terragene crystal, then shoots herself with his gun. And then on top of that, she has a couple of her lackeys hijack a Quinjet and open fire on the Inhumans' compound, making it appear as if SHIELD S.H.I.E.L.D. is trying to kill them all.]] This thus allows [[spoiler: Jiaying]] [[spoiler:Jiaying]] to start the war that they feel is inevitable anyway.



* ''{{Series/Gotham}}'': Cobblepot is rather fond of this technique:

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* ''{{Series/Gotham}}'': ''Series/{{Gotham}}'': Cobblepot is rather fond of this technique:



** In the penultimate episode, he tops himself, as he [[spoiler: hires Falcone's best hitmen to take out Maroni, only to sabotage the attempt. This leads to Maroni going to war with Falcone, giving Cobblepot the opportunity to eliminate his rivals and take over Gotham's underworld.]]

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** In the penultimate episode, he tops himself, as he [[spoiler: hires [[spoiler:hires Falcone's best hitmen to take out Maroni, only to sabotage the attempt. This leads to Maroni going to war with Falcone, giving Cobblepot the opportunity to eliminate his rivals and take over Gotham's underworld.]]



* ''Series/StargateSG1'': SG-1 themselves try this at one point, in an attempt to sabotage a diplomatic meeting between the System Lords Heru-ur and Apophis, who were negotiating an alliance. It works, and they successfully trick Apophis into thinking that Heru-ur has betrayed him... but it turns out that Apophis had more troops in hiding than anyone knew, and his massively superior forces easily obliterate Heru-ur's, rendering the whole operation moot.

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* ''Series/StargateSG1'': SG-1 themselves try this at one point, in an attempt to sabotage a diplomatic meeting between the System Lords Heru-ur and Apophis, who were negotiating an alliance. It works, and they successfully trick Apophis into thinking that Heru-ur has betrayed him... but it turns out that Apophis had has more troops in hiding than anyone knew, and his massively superior forces easily obliterate Heru-ur's, rendering the whole operation moot.



* In ''VideoGame/EndWar'', a new World War erupts when the European Federation, leery of the United States achieving clear military dominance through completion of a militarized space station, fund terrorist attacks on them and when that fails, they use their anti-ballistic-missile KillSat to shoot down the [[FauxSymbolism Freedom IV]] shuttle headed up to complete the station. ''Actually,'' the terrorists were funded by ''Russia,'' who was leery of being the world's largest supplier of oil once several other nations have hit Hubbert's Peak, and wanted the US to declare war on Europe so they could "aid their allies" in making Europe go away before the United States and Europe would turn Russia into Iraq II for their oil. As false flag operations go, this one is subverted; the plan goes off without a hitch...until the United States wigs right out when Russia starts making gains in the conflict and declares war on them, too.

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* In ''VideoGame/EndWar'', a new World War erupts when the European Federation, leery of the United States achieving clear military dominance through completion of a militarized space station, fund terrorist attacks on them and when that fails, they use their anti-ballistic-missile KillSat to shoot down the [[FauxSymbolism Freedom IV]] shuttle headed up to complete the station. ''Actually,'' the terrorists were funded by ''Russia,'' who was leery of being the world's largest supplier of oil once several other nations have hit Hubbert's Peak, and wanted the US to declare war on Europe so they could "aid their allies" in making Europe go away before the United States and Europe would turn Russia into Iraq II for their oil. As false flag operations go, this one is subverted; the plan goes off without a hitch... until the United States wigs right out when Russia starts making gains in the conflict and declares war on them, too.
11th May '16 4:22:00 AM thatmadork
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* By the end of ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'' Volume 3, [[spoiler:the four kingdoms are on the verge of a world war, as the last thing anyone got out of Vale before the trans-continental network went down was images of Ironwood's Atlesian military robots attacking the city and shooting people. Of course, the robots had really been hacked by Cinder and the images were captured by them too.]]

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* By the end of ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'' Volume 3, [[spoiler:the four kingdoms are on the verge of a world war, as the last thing anyone got out of Vale before the trans-continental network went down was images of Ironwood's Atlesian military robots attacking the city and shooting people. Of course, the robots had really been hacked by Cinder and the images were captured by them too.Cinder.]]
11th May '16 4:20:21 AM thatmadork
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* By the end of ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'' Volume 3, [[spoiler:the four kingdoms are on the verge of a world war, as the last thing anyone got out of Vale before the trans-continental network went down was images of Ironwood's Atlesian military robots attacking the city and shooting people. Of course, the robots had really been hacked by Cinder and the images were captured by them too.]]
19th Apr '16 1:20:05 PM Anddrix
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* In ''Film/TheHungerGamesMockingjayPart2'', a bomber painted to look like a Capitol ship drops aid canisters containing fire bombs. This makes it look like Snow bombed his own citizens to save himself, causing his troops to turn on him and handing the rebels victory.

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* In ''Film/TheHungerGamesMockingjayPart2'', a bomber painted to look like a Capitol ship drops aid canisters containing fire bombs. This makes it look like Snow bombed his own citizens just to save himself, slow down the rebels trying to overrun his mansion, causing his troops to turn on him and handing the rebels victory.
19th Apr '16 3:23:56 AM iowaforever
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* ''Machinima/RedVsBlue''; Season 12 reveals that a third party (the Space Pirates) are behind the civil war on the planet Chorus in Seasons 11-13. Their leaders (Locus and [[spoiler: Felix]]) hired themselves and others off as mercenaries for one side or another, supplying them with weapons and alien technology in the hopes that they will kill each other off and allow their employer, Charon Industries, to move in and take all the relics hidden on Chorus for themselves.
10th Apr '16 5:10:58 PM FordPrefect
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* During American Civil War, Confederate raiders disguised themselves as ships of foreign nations. CSS Alabama, a case in point, disguised itself as HMS Spitfire, a British warship, before the battle against USS Kearsarge. The only requirement, which all legitimate combatants followed, was that they identify themselves as warships of the correct nation before fighting (or, seizing a merchant ship.) It's still done today, in fact - there's a story floating around the interweb of the HMS ''Illustrious'' responding to radio challenges in Urdu when on exercises and pretending to be a cruise liner from Pakistan, thus fooling their opponents. [[CaptainObvious This only works when outside visual range]], but that isn't such a problem when you are an aircraft carrier.

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* During the American Civil War, Confederate raiders disguised themselves as ships of foreign nations. CSS Alabama, a case in point, disguised itself as HMS Spitfire, a British warship, before the battle against USS Kearsarge. The only requirement, which all legitimate combatants followed, was that they identify themselves as warships of the correct nation before fighting (or, seizing a merchant ship.) It's still done today, in fact - there's a story floating around the interweb of the HMS ''Illustrious'' responding to radio challenges in Urdu when on exercises and pretending to be a cruise liner from Pakistan, thus fooling their opponents. [[CaptainObvious This only works when outside visual range]], but that isn't such a problem when you are an aircraft carrier.
3rd Apr '16 7:38:27 PM Joysweeper
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* During route 4A (Liberté) of ''VideoGame/AviaryAttorney'' an element trying to make sure TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized [[spoiler: murder a DisposableVagrant]] while disguising themself as a member of the police force. [[spoiler: Later they murder a random girl, lure the policeman over to her, and then tell the RebelLeader it was his fault]].
27th Mar '16 4:48:42 AM Morgenthaler
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** In ''BurnNoticeTheFallOfSamAxe'', Veracruz plans to destroy a medical clinic and blame the rebels; using the attack as a justification for receiving greater US military aid.

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** In ''BurnNoticeTheFallOfSamAxe'', ''Film/BurnNoticeTheFallOfSamAxe'', Veracruz plans to destroy a medical clinic and blame the rebels; using the attack as a justification for receiving greater US military aid.
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