History Main / ElectiveMonarchy

21st Feb '17 6:32:31 PM Fireblood
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* Many Native American tribes had elected rulers (who Europeans invariably called "kings" though in many cases they probably didn't qualify), such as the Iroquois, where chiefs were chosen by clan elders (both male and female). However, the position was still mostly {{always male}}.

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* Many Native American tribes had elected rulers (who Europeans invariably called "kings" though in many cases they probably didn't qualify), such as the Iroquois, where chiefs were chosen by clan elders (both male and female). However, the position was still mostly {{always male}}. The Aztec emperors (''Huey Tlatoque'') were not hereditary, but elected by a consensus of the elites.
20th Feb '17 3:09:08 PM Grudgeal
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** The dukes of Bretonnia elect a king from amongst themselves (with the [[TheChooserOfTheOne Grail Enchantress]] having the final word) whenever an old king dies. This is because the king of Bretonnia must be a Grail Knight (a duke, meanwhile, must only be a knight). However, if the king's hereditary heir already ''is'' a Grail Knight he's all but certain to be the next king.
16th Feb '17 2:11:04 PM Jhonny
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** The Roman Empire effectively transitioned from HereditaryRepublic into this trope from the reign of Augustus onwards with no clear point in time during which a contemporary could say the transition had taken place. Only very few emperors were "born to the purple" (i.e. presumptive heir upon birth or childhood) as the Juedo-Claudian dynasty never had a straightforward father-son transition, the Flavian dynasty came to power when Vespasian's sons were already men and the "five good emperors" Nerva to Marcus Aurelius had no biological children bar the last one. It says a lot for the little regard the Romans held for the dynastic principle that the fact Marcus Auerlius made his son emperor (who did turn out a terrible ruler) is often seen as an incredible faux-pas and the beginning of the end. Most Emperors did however make their desired heir "co-emperor" during their lifetime and the savier ones tried to get them a military command and have the senate rubber stamp the appointment to have two of the three bases of power (the third being the urban masses in Rome) in their corner from the get-go.
15th Feb '17 9:05:50 PM Fireblood
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* ''Series/Babylon5'': The Centauri Republic (which [[NonIndicativeName despite its title]] is really a constitutional monarchy) allows the Centauruum (the Republic's parliament) to elect an Emperor when the line of succession has become unclear.
2nd Feb '17 10:55:31 AM Elfkaiser
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* Due to being clones and all, the leadership of the Kingdom of Mikes from ''VideoGame/{{Battleborn}}'' is elective rather than hereditary according to WordOfGod in the reveal stream of Oscar Mike's DLC Story Operation. The rulers of this said monarchy are of course King Mike and Queen Mike.
13th Jan '17 7:01:20 PM Fireblood
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** The First Great Council was called by Jaehaerys I after the deaths of his two eldest sons to decide who would be his heir. The lords, with a vast majority, voted for the male-line candidate, Jaehaerys' 24-year old grandson Viserys, rather then a female or the female-line candidate, Jaehaerys 7-year old great-grandson Laenor Velaryon. This apparently codified that Targaryen rule had to happen through the male line.
** The Ironborn thousands of years ago elected their Kings through a Kingsmoot, which could sometimes go on for days and would occasionally be used to depose unworthy Kings. This practice ended when Urron "Redhand" Greyiron, the great-nephew of the previous King, murdered many of his opponents at the Kingsmoot, beginning hereditary rule. After House Greyiron ended the Ironborn chose House Hoare, and when House Hoare was destroyed almost three centuries before the series starts, Aegon the Conqueror allowed the Iron Islands to choose their new ruler, at which they chose the Greyjoys. Ironborn ostensibly follow the same agnatic-cognatic primogeniture as five of the other six kingdoms, but in practice, there is enough resistance when a woman is next in line to inherit that they revive their centuries-dead tradition of a kingsmoot instead. [[spoiler: The crown winds up going to [[EvilOverlord Euron Greyjoy]], the man who ''would'' have been heir in an agnatic (male-only) primogeniture system. Ironically the Kingsmoot was called by his youngest brother Aeron partially to prevent Euron becoming King of the Isles, who hoped his other brother Victarian Greyjoy would be chosen yet. No word yet on if they'll codify this or stick with an elective monarchy.]]

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** The First Great Council was called by Jaehaerys I after the deaths of his two eldest sons to decide who would be his heir. The lords, with a vast majority, voted for the male-line candidate, Jaehaerys' 24-year old grandson Viserys, rather then than a female or the female-line candidate, Jaehaerys 7-year old great-grandson Laenor Velaryon. This apparently codified that Targaryen rule had to happen through the male line.
** The Ironborn thousands of years ago elected their Kings through a Kingsmoot, which could sometimes go on for days and would occasionally be used to depose unworthy Kings. This practice ended when Urron "Redhand" Greyiron, the great-nephew of the previous King, murdered many of his opponents at the Kingsmoot, beginning hereditary rule. After House Greyiron ended the Ironborn chose House Hoare, and when House Hoare was destroyed almost three centuries before the series starts, Aegon the Conqueror allowed the Iron Islands to choose their new ruler, at which and they chose the Greyjoys. Ironborn ostensibly follow the same agnatic-cognatic primogeniture as five of the other six kingdoms, but in practice, there is enough resistance when a woman is next in line to inherit that they revive their centuries-dead tradition of a kingsmoot Kingsmoot instead. [[spoiler: The crown winds up going to [[EvilOverlord Euron Greyjoy]], the man who ''would'' have been heir in an agnatic (male-only) primogeniture system. Ironically the Kingsmoot was called by his youngest brother Aeron partially to prevent Euron becoming King of the Isles, who hoped his other brother Victarian Greyjoy would be chosen yet.instead. No word yet on if they'll codify this or stick with an elective monarchy.]]
13th Jan '17 1:19:53 PM gb00393
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* ''Series/GameOfThrones'': Just as in [[Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire the books]], the Ironborn and wildlings elect their kings. There is no sign yet of whether Pentos elects a prince too.

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* ''Series/GameOfThrones'': ''Series/GameOfThrones'':
**
Just as in [[Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire the books]], the Ironborn and wildlings elect their kings.kings. However, the wildling king only holds power so long as the wildlings choose to follow him and there are always holdouts like Craster. There is no sign yet of whether Pentos elects a prince too.
** Robb is acclaimed King in the North by his bannermen and the riverlords of the Trident.
19th Nov '16 12:26:58 PM RobTan
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* [[ZigZaggedTrope Zig-Zagged]] in ''Literature/TheBelgariad'' by Tolnedra. The Emperor of Tolnedra is a hereditary post passing from father to son, but inevitably one emperor in a dynasty will die without a son or suitable heir, and a new dynasty is elected by a council of dignitaries. This inevitably results in a dying emperor's nephews and cousins fleeing the capital to their ancestral lands to dig in while the other powerful families raise bribe money or attempt to off rivals in other, or even their own, houses. The last emperor, Ran Borune, whose only child was a daughter, averted a SuccessionCrisis by adopting General Varana, his close political ally and commander-in-chief of the Tolnedran Legions, as his son just before he died.
19th Nov '16 12:15:52 PM RobTan
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* [[ZigZaggedTrope Zig-Zagged]] in ''Literature/TheBelgariad'' by Tolnedra. The Emperor of Tolnedra is a hereditary post passing from father to son, but inevitably one emperor in a dynasty will die without a son or suitable heir, and a new dynasty is elected by a council of dignitaries. This inevitably results in a dying emperor's nephews and cousins fleeing the capital to their ancestral lands to dig in while the other powerful families raise bribe money or attempt to off rivals in other, or even their own, houses. The last emperor, Ran Borune, whose only child was a daughter, averted a SuccessionCrisis by adopting General Varana, his close political ally and commander-in-chief of the Tolnedran Legions, as his son just before he died.
10th Oct '16 8:54:47 PM erforce
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* ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'': The Pirate King is elected by the nine pirate lords; there have been very few kings because the lords tend to just vote for themselves. [[spoiler: Jack surprises everyone by voting for Elizabeth.]]

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* ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'': ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanAtWorldsEnd'': The Pirate King is elected by the nine pirate lords; there have been very few kings because the lords tend to just vote for themselves. [[spoiler: Jack surprises everyone by voting for Elizabeth.]]
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.ElectiveMonarchy