History Main / ElectiveMonarchy

25th Jan '16 7:54:06 PM Fireblood
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* ''Literature/KnowledgeOfAngels'': Palinor is an elected prince of his home country, Aclar.
23rd Jan '16 3:36:44 PM Fireblood
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* In Literature/BelisariusSeries all Axumite Emperors are ceremonially approved by the soldiers. While birth does factor it is not final.
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* In the Literature/BelisariusSeries all Axumite Emperors are ceremonially approved by the soldiers. While birth does factor in, it is not final.

* In the ''Literature/RiftwarCycle'', it's mentioned that upon the death of the King, the Council of Lords elects the new King of the Isles. However, it's also mentioned that said Council has never once failed to elect the previous King's eldest son (If he had one), or personally chosen successor (If he hadn't). This makes the election a formality unless the King has failed to produce a son or name an heir, which generally results in a SuccessionCrisis.
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* In the ''Literature/RiftwarCycle'', it's mentioned that upon the death of the King, the Council of Lords elects the new King of the Isles. However, it's also mentioned that said Council has never once failed to elect the previous King's eldest son (If (if he had one), or personally chosen successor (If (if he hadn't). This makes the election a formality unless the King has failed to produce a son or name an heir, which generally results in a SuccessionCrisis.

** In practice the power of veto over succession is seldom exercised and The Imperium is closer to a hereditary monarchy. All this convoluted political tangle is realistic and shows just how complicated such things can be. One of the few instances in which the Moot does not simply confirm the chosen heir is when the [[KlingonPromotion Right of Assassination]] is invoked, in which case the Moot has to decide whether the assassin's claim is legit. Of course the first time someone claimed the throne that way the Moot had planned it after realizing how [[TheCaligula insane]] Cleon III was.
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** In practice the power of veto over succession is seldom exercised and The the Imperium is closer to a hereditary monarchy. All this convoluted political tangle is realistic and shows just how complicated such things can be. One of the few instances in which the Moot does not simply confirm the chosen heir is when the [[KlingonPromotion Right of Assassination]] is invoked, in which case the Moot has to decide whether the assassin's claim is legit. Of course the first time someone claimed the throne that way the Moot had planned it after realizing how [[TheCaligula insane]] Cleon III was.
23rd Jan '16 3:28:25 PM Fireblood
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** According to ''Literature/DarthPlagueis'', that's exactly what happened. The StarWarsExpandedUniverse also indicated that the elected leaders of cities on Naboo are "princes" and "princesses" rather than mayors.
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** According to ''Literature/DarthPlagueis'', that's exactly what happened. The StarWarsExpandedUniverse also indicated that the elected leaders of cities on Naboo are "princes" and "princesses" rather than mayors. Before being elected queen, Padme Amidala was Princess of Theed, Naboo's capital.

* An interesting case in Creator/MikhailAkhmanov's ''[[ArrivalsFromTheDark Envoy from the Heavens]]'' with TheEmpire on planet Osier, which has been stuck in MedievalStasis for at least a thousand years, which is the reason why the protagonist is sent there in the first place -- to figure out why all their efforts to secretly advance the culture have failed. On the death of the emperor, his son does not necessarily ascend to the throne. Any (male) member of the royal family may become the next ruler, provided they are popular and influential enough within the family. In essence, the emperor is chosen by vote, but only from members of the royal house.
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* An interesting case in Creator/MikhailAkhmanov's ''[[ArrivalsFromTheDark Envoy from the Heavens]]'' with TheEmpire on planet Osier, which has been stuck in MedievalStasis for at least a thousand years, which is the reason why the protagonist is sent there in the first place -- to figure out why all their efforts to secretly advance the culture have failed. On the death of the emperor, his son does not necessarily ascend to the throne. Any (male) member of the royal family may become the next ruler, provided they are popular and influential enough within the family. In essence, the emperor is chosen by vote, but only from members of the royal house.house (the system used by some real monarchies, such as Saudi Arabia for instance).

* The Weald in ''The Hallowed Hunt'', the third book in the Literature/{{Chalion}} series by Creator/LoisMcMasterBujold. A FantasyCounterpartCulture of the Holy Roman Empire (see Real Life section below) the new Hallow King is officially elected by the heads of five great houses and three influential church members (who have replaced three houses whose lines have died out or fallen out of power). The last few generations have seen the current ruling house have their eldest sons confirmed as heirs while the old kings are still alive, eventually turning it into a normal hereditary monarchy.
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* The Weald in ''The Hallowed Hunt'', the third book in the Literature/{{Chalion}} series by Creator/LoisMcMasterBujold. A FantasyCounterpartCulture of the Holy Roman Empire (see Real Life section below) below), the new Hallow King is officially elected by the heads of five great houses and three influential church members (who have replaced three houses whose lines have died out or fallen out of power). The last few generations have seen the current ruling house have their eldest sons confirmed as heirs while the old kings are still alive, eventually turning it into a normal hereditary monarchy.
23rd Jan '16 7:50:23 AM Menshevik
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* France was at times, but each time one king sidestepped it by having his son crowned while he was still alive, and by the time the son died the monarchy was hereditary again.
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* France and its predecessor, the kingdom of the Franks, was at times, but each time one king sidestepped it the Carolingians and the Capetians both eventually overcame this by kings having his son sons crowned (nominally as co-regents) while he was they were still alive, and by the time the son were alive[[note]] On a few occasion these sons died before their fathers -- it is not without significance that when this happened they were not included in the official numbering of kings of France.[[/note]]; eventually, after several generations of doing this, the monarchy was became hereditary again.(again). But the process was not totally irreversible, there was a period when the great lords of France alternated between making a Carolingian and a Capetian (then called Robertinian) king of France. Also, in Germany, the other successor state to the Frankish kingdom, attempts by various kings and emperors to do the same thing did not prevent their monarchy from becoming elective.
23rd Jan '16 7:24:27 AM Morgenthaler
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* In ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'', royalty is normally hereditary, but a hundred years before the series takes place, the Blackfyre Rebellion occurred because the king legitimized his bastard sons on his deathbed and in so doing created a ''massive'' SuccessionCrisis (there were rumours that the trueborn brother, who was also the eldest, was actually the king's brother's son, and the eldest bastard, Daemon Blackfyre, believing them, rose up against him). Several years and a few thousand bodies later, the only Targaryen heirs left were either children or mentally unstable. A Great Council was formed from many of the ruling lords to choose the next king. They passed through many candidates in the Targaryen family tree before settling on Aegon V, a fourth son of a fourth son, hereafter known as Aegon "The Unlikely". After choosing the next king, the Great Council dissolved and the crown passed on through the family, though in the prelude to the War of the Five Kings, the possibility of another Great Council being formed is brought up due to the disputed heritage and validity of nearly all the contenders' claims to the throne.
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* In ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'', ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'': ** The royalty of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros is normally hereditary, but a hundred years before the series takes place, the Blackfyre Rebellion occurred because the king legitimized his bastard sons on his deathbed and in so doing created a ''massive'' SuccessionCrisis (there were rumours that the trueborn brother, who was also the eldest, was actually the king's brother's son, and the eldest bastard, Daemon Blackfyre, believing them, rose up against him). Several years and a few thousand bodies later, the only Targaryen heirs left were either children or mentally unstable. A Great Council was formed from many of the ruling lords to choose the next king. They passed through many candidates in the Targaryen family tree before settling on Aegon V, a fourth son of a fourth son, hereafter known as Aegon "The Unlikely". After choosing the next king, the Great Council dissolved and the crown passed on through the family, though in the prelude to the War of the Five Kings, the possibility of another Great Council being formed is brought up due to the disputed heritage and validity of nearly all the contenders' claims to the throne.
16th Nov '15 10:24:52 PM Fireblood
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* On the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' the Low King of the [[OurDwarvesAreAllTheSame Dwarves]] is selected through a complex procedure that's more or less an election, usually of a candidate from various powerful dwarf clans. The complex and ancient politics involved end up with [[DarkHorseVictory a relatively unknown candidate]] ending up on the Scone rather than the expected traditionalist, raising many tensions within dwarf society.
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* On the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' the Low King of the [[OurDwarvesAreAllTheSame Dwarves]] is selected through a complex procedure that's more or less an election, usually of a candidate from various powerful dwarf clans. The complex and ancient politics involved end up with [[DarkHorseVictory a relatively unknown candidate]] ending up on the Scone rather than the expected traditionalist, raising many tensions within dwarf society.
16th Nov '15 4:21:36 AM RobTan
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* In ''Literature/MistbornTheOriginalTrilogy'', after the fall of the [[GodEmperor Lord Ruler]], Elend Venture crowned himself king of the Central Dominance and set up a parliamentary body called the Assembly with far-reaching powers, including the ability to depose and replace him. Essentially, imagine if the President was lifelong and hereditary, but Congress had the power to impeach him. They only managed to hold one election before [[spoiler:Elend abolished the Assembly and set himself up as emperor in the face of the danger posed by Ruin, but he let the guy who beat him in the election rule as a client king]].
15th Nov '15 5:57:37 AM SwiftJustice
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* In ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' the Low King of the Dwarfs is elected by the other Chief Mining Engineers.
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* In On the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' the Low King of the Dwarfs [[OurDwarvesAreAllTheSame Dwarves]] is elected by selected through a complex procedure that's more or less an election, usually of a candidate from various powerful dwarf clans. The complex and ancient politics involved end up with [[DarkHorseVictory a relatively unknown candidate]] ending up on the other Chief Mining Engineers.Scone rather than the expected traditionalist, raising many tensions within dwarf society.
12th Nov '15 8:38:12 PM FF32
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12th Nov '15 8:37:43 PM FF32
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[[folder: Western Animation]] * In ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'', the local ConMan and self-proclaimed King of Ooo rallies the gullible citizens of the Candy Kingdom to vote for him to replace their [[ReallySevenHundredYearsOld only ever monarch]], Princess Bubblegum. She, in turn, ignores all of this, content with her HundredPercentAdorationRating. [[spoiler: She loses in a landslide and is exiled to a dingy shack on the outskirts of her former territory.]]
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