History Main / CheGuevara

26th Dec '13 4:26:18 PM MarkLungo
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[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/che-guevara_2337.PNG]]
[[caption-width-right:300:This face is one of the [[{{Irony}} top selling]] [[MisaimedFandom t-shirts]]]]

->''"The guy's face is shorthand for 'I'm against the status quo.' He's politics' answer to JamesDean, a rebel with a very specific cause."''
-->--'''David Segal''', ''The Washington Post''

%%NOTE: Che Guevara is a very controversial historical figure that have strong supporters and opponents from all sides. Rule Of Cautious Editing Judgement is strongly applied in this page. YMMV tropes should NOT be placed in this page and should be kept in a neutral point of view.

Ernesto Guevara (1928-1967), better known by his nickname ''"Che"'', was an [[{{UsefulNotes/Argentina}} Argentinian]] Marxist revolutionary best known for two facts: his active role in the Cuban Revolution (in which he helped FidelCastro to seize power from the United States-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista), and [[CompletelyMissingThePoint making a profitable market of people who bought T-shirts with his face on them]] after his death in Bolivia, where he was arrested and executed by the Bolivian military with the aid of the CIA. He also took part in the Congo revolution, but it wasn't successful.

Defending a socialist cause and being executed at a young age, Che Guevara has evolved into a symbol that represents both, ''"civil disobedience"'' and ''"political awareness"'' (TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara several]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Che_Guevara articles]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara_in_popular_culture about him]]). More often than not, he is also used as the "Romantic Expression" of Guerilla Warfare: a tough but well-intentioned guy, willing to fight injustice (and American imperialism) over everything (one example is ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidPeaceWalker''). [[HistoricalHeroUpgrade Often treated as a hero figure and many books, film, and TV shows alike]].

Lots of books, quite a few movies, and even an SNK ''MetalSlug''-ish videogame called ''"Guevara"'' ([[DolledUpInstallment dolled up]] in the USA as ''VideoGame/GuerrillaWar'') have been done about him.
----
!!Tropes

* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: Many of his opponents like to point out that he's a mass murderer, terrorist, racist towards blacks [[note]]This claim is only partially correct. See PoliticallyIncorrectVillain[[/note]], and had a strong distaste for rock and jazz ("bourgeois" music, of course).
* ArtisticLicenseEconomics: His efforts at developing the Cuban economy as part of Castro's new government were...[[{{Understatement}} unsuccessful]].
* BadassBeard
* BadassBookworm: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara#Intellectual_and_literary_interests From Wikipedia]]: ''"Guevara learned [[SmartPeoplePlayChess chess]] from his father and began participating in local tournaments by age 12. During adolescence and throughout his life he was passionate about poetry, especially that of Creator/PabloNeruda, Creator/JohnKeats, Antonio Machado, Creator/FedericoGarciaLorca, Creator/GabrielaMistral, César Vallejo, and WaltWhitman. He could also recite Creator/RudyardKipling's ''"If—"'' and José Hernández's ''Martín Fierro'' from memory. The Guevara home contained more than 3,000 books, which allowed Guevara to be an enthusiastic and eclectic reader, with interests including Karl Marx, Creator/WilliamFaulkner, André Gide, Emilio Salgari and Creator/JulesVerne. Additionally, he enjoyed the works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Creator/FranzKafka, Creator/AlbertCamus, VladimirLenin, and Jean-Paul Sartre; as well as Anatole France, Friedrich Engels, Creator/HGWells, and Creator/RobertFrost."''
* BananaRepublic: Cuba under Batista is the [[FlameBait least disputed]] example.
* BolivianArmyEnding: A surprisingly literal form of this trope, especially when the period between "Che gets overrun by Bolivian Military" and "Che winds up dead" was relatively unknown; it's since been disclosed by the Bolivian Army.
* BuryYourGays: Applied quite literally. He and Castro murdered many innocent people for the "crime" of being homosexual.
* CombatMedic
* DrillSergeantNasty /GeneralFailure /TheNeidermeyer: : Even those sympathetic to him point out that he often treated his men *very* roughly. On top of this, he was something of an incredibly uneven officer, showing almost suicidal bravery in one battle, and crushing cowardice in the next.
* EnemiesEqualsGreatness: He believed this:
-->''"It's a sad thing not to have friends, but it is even sadder not to have enemies."''
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade[=/=]HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Yes, and [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement let's leave it this way]].
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Alberto Granado, a fellow doctor who joined him in his Motorcycle journey
* NecessarilyEvil: How the handling of La Cabaña prison is often treated by those who like him.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: The ultimate result of the Cuban Revolution
* OfficerAndAGentleman: Despite the executions of Batista-supporters and officials, its is also known that he would also release captured Bolivian soldiers after taking their weapons and uniforms
* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: He engaged in mass murder against many, including homosexuals; on top of this he was generally extremely crude and prone to decidedly non-PC insults. this has caused many people- mostly his opponents such as right-wing pundits (like GlennBeck), [[{{Hypocrite}} many Neo-Nazi websites]] and Cuban exiles- to accuse him for being racist towards blacks. This is highly incorrect and it is taken out-of-context from a personal diary entry he had, and eyewitness accounts of some rather derogatory language he used towards some of his men. In reality, he wrote this said diary entry when he was touring around South America and encountered the black population for the first time in a Venezuelan slums. ''Three days after he wrote that said diary entry'', he complained to his friends about the "white discrimination against blacks" when he was at Miami; called for racial integration of in Cuba years before United States did so; fellow revolutionary Juan Almeida, [[BlackBestFriend one of his best friends, was Afro-Cuban]]; had a personal bodyguard who was black; taught an illiterate black man how to read; promoted several black artists and Civil Rights leaders like MalcolmX; and gave a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech at the United Nations criticizing U.S. segregation laws and the South African apartheid society ([[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUmqsWzPDvs&feature=player_embedded the speech can be heard here]]). Note that he started a communist revolution in Congo, which has predominately black population; and is praised by Nelson Mandela and Black Panther's Stokely Carmichael for his actions.
** Of course, by a lot of eyewitness or "eyewitness" accounts, this never stopped him from being rather verbally abrasive towards Blacks, including some of his men (though that could be largely written off because [[DrillSergeantNasty Che was usually abrasive to *everyone* in his unit]], and more ambiguously he's been alleged to have had some stereotypical views of Blacks even if he didn't approve of discrimination against them personally.
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness: One interpretation of his death has Castro, the USSR (or both) sending him to Bolivia out of fear that Che's popularity would lead him to become a serious rival. Could be one possible explanation for the attitude of Bolivia's communist leader, Mario Monje, towards Guevara: apathy at best and hostility at worst.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: TheMotorcycleDiaries
* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters: Compare how the Cuban Exile organizations view him with how he's regarded in socialist circles.
* WarriorPoet
* WellIntentionedExtremist

----

to:

[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/che-guevara_2337.PNG]]
[[caption-width-right:300:This face is one of the [[{{Irony}} top selling]] [[MisaimedFandom t-shirts]]]]

->''"The guy's face is shorthand for 'I'm against the status quo.' He's politics' answer to JamesDean, a rebel with a very specific cause."''
-->--'''David Segal''', ''The Washington Post''

%%NOTE: Che Guevara is a very controversial historical figure that have strong supporters and opponents from all sides. Rule Of Cautious Editing Judgement is strongly applied in this page. YMMV tropes should NOT be placed in this page and should be kept in a neutral point of view.

Ernesto Guevara (1928-1967), better known by his nickname ''"Che"'', was an [[{{UsefulNotes/Argentina}} Argentinian]] Marxist revolutionary best known for two facts: his active role in the Cuban Revolution (in which he helped FidelCastro to seize power from the United States-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista), and [[CompletelyMissingThePoint making a profitable market of people who bought T-shirts with his face on them]] after his death in Bolivia, where he was arrested and executed by the Bolivian military with the aid of the CIA. He also took part in the Congo revolution, but it wasn't successful.

Defending a socialist cause and being executed at a young age, Che Guevara has evolved into a symbol that represents both, ''"civil disobedience"'' and ''"political awareness"'' (TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara several]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Che_Guevara articles]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara_in_popular_culture about him]]). More often than not, he is also used as the "Romantic Expression" of Guerilla Warfare: a tough but well-intentioned guy, willing to fight injustice (and American imperialism) over everything (one example is ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidPeaceWalker''). [[HistoricalHeroUpgrade Often treated as a hero figure and many books, film, and TV shows alike]].

Lots of books, quite a few movies, and even an SNK ''MetalSlug''-ish videogame called ''"Guevara"'' ([[DolledUpInstallment dolled up]] in the USA as ''VideoGame/GuerrillaWar'') have been done about him.
----
!!Tropes

* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: Many of his opponents like to point out that he's a mass murderer, terrorist, racist towards blacks [[note]]This claim is only partially correct. See PoliticallyIncorrectVillain[[/note]], and had a strong distaste for rock and jazz ("bourgeois" music, of course).
* ArtisticLicenseEconomics: His efforts at developing the Cuban economy as part of Castro's new government were...[[{{Understatement}} unsuccessful]].
* BadassBeard
* BadassBookworm: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara#Intellectual_and_literary_interests From Wikipedia]]: ''"Guevara learned [[SmartPeoplePlayChess chess]] from his father and began participating in local tournaments by age 12. During adolescence and throughout his life he was passionate about poetry, especially that of Creator/PabloNeruda, Creator/JohnKeats, Antonio Machado, Creator/FedericoGarciaLorca, Creator/GabrielaMistral, César Vallejo, and WaltWhitman. He could also recite Creator/RudyardKipling's ''"If—"'' and José Hernández's ''Martín Fierro'' from memory. The Guevara home contained more than 3,000 books, which allowed Guevara to be an enthusiastic and eclectic reader, with interests including Karl Marx, Creator/WilliamFaulkner, André Gide, Emilio Salgari and Creator/JulesVerne. Additionally, he enjoyed the works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Creator/FranzKafka, Creator/AlbertCamus, VladimirLenin, and Jean-Paul Sartre; as well as Anatole France, Friedrich Engels, Creator/HGWells, and Creator/RobertFrost."''
* BananaRepublic: Cuba under Batista is the [[FlameBait least disputed]] example.
* BolivianArmyEnding: A surprisingly literal form of this trope, especially when the period between "Che gets overrun by Bolivian Military" and "Che winds up dead" was relatively unknown; it's since been disclosed by the Bolivian Army.
* BuryYourGays: Applied quite literally. He and Castro murdered many innocent people for the "crime" of being homosexual.
* CombatMedic
* DrillSergeantNasty /GeneralFailure /TheNeidermeyer: : Even those sympathetic to him point out that he often treated his men *very* roughly. On top of this, he was something of an incredibly uneven officer, showing almost suicidal bravery in one battle, and crushing cowardice in the next.
* EnemiesEqualsGreatness: He believed this:
-->''"It's a sad thing not to have friends, but it is even sadder not to have enemies."''
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade[=/=]HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Yes, and [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement let's leave it this way]].
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Alberto Granado, a fellow doctor who joined him in his Motorcycle journey
* NecessarilyEvil: How the handling of La Cabaña prison is often treated by those who like him.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: The ultimate result of the Cuban Revolution
* OfficerAndAGentleman: Despite the executions of Batista-supporters and officials, its is also known that he would also release captured Bolivian soldiers after taking their weapons and uniforms
* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: He engaged in mass murder against many, including homosexuals; on top of this he was generally extremely crude and prone to decidedly non-PC insults. this has caused many people- mostly his opponents such as right-wing pundits (like GlennBeck), [[{{Hypocrite}} many Neo-Nazi websites]] and Cuban exiles- to accuse him for being racist towards blacks. This is highly incorrect and it is taken out-of-context from a personal diary entry he had, and eyewitness accounts of some rather derogatory language he used towards some of his men. In reality, he wrote this said diary entry when he was touring around South America and encountered the black population for the first time in a Venezuelan slums. ''Three days after he wrote that said diary entry'', he complained to his friends about the "white discrimination against blacks" when he was at Miami; called for racial integration of in Cuba years before United States did so; fellow revolutionary Juan Almeida, [[BlackBestFriend one of his best friends, was Afro-Cuban]]; had a personal bodyguard who was black; taught an illiterate black man how to read; promoted several black artists and Civil Rights leaders like MalcolmX; and gave a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech at the United Nations criticizing U.S. segregation laws and the South African apartheid society ([[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUmqsWzPDvs&feature=player_embedded the speech can be heard here]]). Note that he started a communist revolution in Congo, which has predominately black population; and is praised by Nelson Mandela and Black Panther's Stokely Carmichael for his actions.
** Of course, by a lot of eyewitness or "eyewitness" accounts, this never stopped him from being rather verbally abrasive towards Blacks, including some of his men (though that could be largely written off because [[DrillSergeantNasty Che was usually abrasive to *everyone* in his unit]], and more ambiguously he's been alleged to have had some stereotypical views of Blacks even if he didn't approve of discrimination against them personally.
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness: One interpretation of his death has Castro, the USSR (or both) sending him to Bolivia out of fear that Che's popularity would lead him to become a serious rival. Could be one possible explanation for the attitude of Bolivia's communist leader, Mario Monje, towards Guevara: apathy at best and hostility at worst.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: TheMotorcycleDiaries
* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters: Compare how the Cuban Exile organizations view him with how he's regarded in socialist circles.
* WarriorPoet
* WellIntentionedExtremist

----
[[redirect:UsefulNotes/CheGuevara]]
25th Dec '13 3:52:02 AM LongLiveHumour
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* BadassBookworm: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara#Intellectual_and_literary_interests From Wikipedia]]: ''"Guevara learned [[SmartPeoplePlayChess chess]] from his father and began participating in local tournaments by age 12. During adolescence and throughout his life he was passionate about poetry, especially that of Creator/PabloNeruda, JohnKeats, Antonio Machado, FedericoGarciaLorca, Creator/GabrielaMistral, César Vallejo, and WaltWhitman. He could also recite RudyardKipling's ''"If—"'' and José Hernández's ''Martín Fierro'' from memory. The Guevara home contained more than 3,000 books, which allowed Guevara to be an enthusiastic and eclectic reader, with interests including Karl Marx, WilliamFaulkner, André Gide, Emilio Salgari and JulesVerne. Additionally, he enjoyed the works of Jawaharlal Nehru, FranzKafka, AlbertCamus, VladimirLenin, and Jean-Paul Sartre; as well as Anatole France, Friedrich Engels, HGWells, and RobertFrost."''

to:

* BadassBookworm: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara#Intellectual_and_literary_interests From Wikipedia]]: ''"Guevara learned [[SmartPeoplePlayChess chess]] from his father and began participating in local tournaments by age 12. During adolescence and throughout his life he was passionate about poetry, especially that of Creator/PabloNeruda, JohnKeats, Creator/JohnKeats, Antonio Machado, FedericoGarciaLorca, Creator/FedericoGarciaLorca, Creator/GabrielaMistral, César Vallejo, and WaltWhitman. He could also recite RudyardKipling's Creator/RudyardKipling's ''"If—"'' and José Hernández's ''Martín Fierro'' from memory. The Guevara home contained more than 3,000 books, which allowed Guevara to be an enthusiastic and eclectic reader, with interests including Karl Marx, WilliamFaulkner, Creator/WilliamFaulkner, André Gide, Emilio Salgari and JulesVerne. Creator/JulesVerne. Additionally, he enjoyed the works of Jawaharlal Nehru, FranzKafka, AlbertCamus, Creator/FranzKafka, Creator/AlbertCamus, VladimirLenin, and Jean-Paul Sartre; as well as Anatole France, Friedrich Engels, HGWells, Creator/HGWells, and RobertFrost.Creator/RobertFrost."''
5th Nov '13 1:27:25 AM kenceo
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to:

* WellIntentionedExtremist
12th Oct '13 10:27:16 PM Turtler
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* NecessarilyEvil: How the handling of La Cabaña prison is often treated

to:

* NecessarilyEvil: How the handling of La Cabaña prison is often treatedtreated by those who like him.



* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: Many- not coincidentally mostly his opponents such as right-wing pundits (like GlennBeck), [[{{Hypocrite}} many Neo-Nazi websites]] and Cuban exiles- accuse him for being racist towards blacks. This is highly incorrect and it is taken out-of-context from a personal diary entry he had, and eyewitness accounts of some rather derogatory language he used towards some of his men. In reality, he wrote this said diary entry when he was touring around South America and encountered the black population for the first time in a Venezuelan slums. ''Three days after he wrote that said diary entry'', he complained to his friends about the "white discrimination against blacks" when he was at Miami; called for racial integration of in Cuba years before United States did so; fellow revolutionary Juan Almeida, [[BlackBestFriend one of his best friends, was Afro-Cuban]]; had a personal bodyguard who was black; taught an illiterate black man how to read; promoted several black artists and Civil Rights leaders like MalcolmX; and gave a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech at the United Nations criticizing U.S. segregation laws and the South African apartheid society ([[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUmqsWzPDvs&feature=player_embedded the speech can be heard here]]). Note that he started a communist revolution in Congo, which has predominately black population; and is praised by Nelson Mandela and Black Panther's Stokely Carmichael for his actions.

to:

* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: Many- not coincidentally He engaged in mass murder against many, including homosexuals; on top of this he was generally extremely crude and prone to decidedly non-PC insults. this has caused many people- mostly his opponents such as right-wing pundits (like GlennBeck), [[{{Hypocrite}} many Neo-Nazi websites]] and Cuban exiles- to accuse him for being racist towards blacks. This is highly incorrect and it is taken out-of-context from a personal diary entry he had, and eyewitness accounts of some rather derogatory language he used towards some of his men. In reality, he wrote this said diary entry when he was touring around South America and encountered the black population for the first time in a Venezuelan slums. ''Three days after he wrote that said diary entry'', he complained to his friends about the "white discrimination against blacks" when he was at Miami; called for racial integration of in Cuba years before United States did so; fellow revolutionary Juan Almeida, [[BlackBestFriend one of his best friends, was Afro-Cuban]]; had a personal bodyguard who was black; taught an illiterate black man how to read; promoted several black artists and Civil Rights leaders like MalcolmX; and gave a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech at the United Nations criticizing U.S. segregation laws and the South African apartheid society ([[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUmqsWzPDvs&feature=player_embedded the speech can be heard here]]). Note that he started a communist revolution in Congo, which has predominately black population; and is praised by Nelson Mandela and Black Panther's Stokely Carmichael for his actions.
12th Oct '13 10:23:39 PM Turtler
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* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters: Compare how the far right Cuban Exile organizations view him with how he's regarded in socialist circles.

to:

* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters: Compare how the far right Cuban Exile organizations view him with how he's regarded in socialist circles.
15th Sep '13 3:27:40 AM Crackshot
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Added DiffLines:

* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness: One interpretation of his death has Castro, the USSR (or both) sending him to Bolivia out of fear that Che's popularity would lead him to become a serious rival. Could be one possible explanation for the attitude of Bolivia's communist leader, Mario Monje, towards Guevara: apathy at best and hostility at worst.
10th Jul '13 1:00:09 AM Shaoken
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* CompletelyMissingThePoint: Believing the Bolivian peasantry would support a revolution.
17th Jun '13 4:28:46 PM Dedars1
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* DrillSergeantNasty /GeneralFailure /TheNeidermeyer: : Even those sympathetic to him point out that he often treated his men *very* roughly. This is a likely example of where the urban myth that he was a Racist came from. On top of this, he was something of an incredibly uneven officer, showing almost suicidal bravery in one battle, and crushing cowardice in the next.

to:

* DrillSergeantNasty /GeneralFailure /TheNeidermeyer: : Even those sympathetic to him point out that he often treated his men *very* roughly. This is a likely example of where the urban myth that he was a Racist came from. On top of this, he was something of an incredibly uneven officer, showing almost suicidal bravery in one battle, and crushing cowardice in the next.
9th Jun '13 7:03:42 AM DarkPaladinX
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* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Yes, and [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement let's leave it this way]].
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Again, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement let's leave it this way]].

to:

* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: HistoricalHeroUpgrade[=/=]HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Yes, and [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement let's leave it this way]].
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Again, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement let's leave it this
way]].
6th May '13 5:46:56 PM GordonSchumway
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Added DiffLines:

* ArtisticLicenseEconomics: His efforts at developing the Cuban economy as part of Castro's new government were...[[{{Understatement}} unsuccessful]].


Added DiffLines:

* BuryYourGays: Applied quite literally. He and Castro murdered many innocent people for the "crime" of being homosexual.
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