History Main / BusterKeaton

31st Aug '12 2:46:32 PM FELH2
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http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Buster_Keaton_1573.jpg
-->''"He was by his whole style and nature so much the most deeply 'silent' of the silent comedians that even a smile was as deafeningly out of key as a yell...No other comedian could do as much with the dead-pan. He used this great, sad, motionless face to suggest various related things; a one track mind near the track’s end of pure insanity; mulish imperturbability under the wildest of circumstances; how dead a human being can get and still be alive; an awe-inspiring sort of patience and power to endure, proper to granite but uncanny in flesh and blood."''
-->-- '''James Agee''', ''LIFE'' magazine (5 September 1949)

-->''"No man can be a genius in slapshoes and a flat hat."''
-->-- '''Buster Keaton'''

Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton, Jr. (1895-1966), was the original [[TheStoic Stoic]], also known as [[FrozenFace The Great Stone Face]]. Possibly the toughest man in show business history; during one film shoot, he ''broke his neck'' and continued with the day's shooting.

Buster literally grew up on stage as part of the Three Keatons, one of the roughest acts in vaudeville. Their most famous shtick was when Pa Joe Keaton would react to Buster's mischief by literally throwing him around the stage and occasionally into the orchestra pit or the audience -- once, Joe threw Buster at hecklers who made the mistake of criticizing the saxophone playing of Myra Keaton, Joe's wife. Oh, and did we mention that they started this act when Buster was ''three years old''?

Eventually, when the act's fortunes declined and Joe got too drunk and disorderly to work with safely[[note]] Speaking of safety, Keaton repeatedly stated in interviews that he never suffered an injury as a result of being thrown; their act was designed to look improvised and violent, but in reality was quite planned and controlled.[[/note]], Buster Keaton struck out on his own. He got into film with his good friend, [[FattyArbuckle Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle]], then one of the top comedy movie stars. Following Fatty's tragic fall from grace, Keaton formed his own production company, starring in and directing some of the most innovative comedy films of his day. From this period, his full-length film ''TheGeneral'' is still considered one of the best silent films ever made. He was also never afraid of new technology: for instance, for a major silent movie star at the dawn of sound films, he ''wanted'' to get into them right away. After his company was dissolved, Keaton signed a contract with [[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]]. The best of his MGM films are the silents ''TheCameraman'' and ''SpiteMarriage''. He then began making sound pictures in which he was often teamed with JimmyDurante.

Unfortunately, stress from repeated clashes with MGM management, the loss of his independence and artistic control, and a divorce from his first wife, Natalie Talmadge (in which she was awarded sole custody of their two sons), caused Keaton's drinking to develop into outright alcoholism. During the 1930s, Keaton slipped from the spotlight. He made two-reel comedies for low-budget outfits like Educational Pictures and Columbia Pictures (the latter has since become a major film production and distribution company), and worked for MGM as a gag man (where he mentored [[ILoveLucy Lucille Ball]] before she got her break as a television comedienne and created the famous stateroom sequence in the MarxBrothers' ''ANightAtTheOpera''). At one point he was institutionalized because of his drinking. He wed one of his nurses, Mae Scriven, possibly during an alcoholic blackout; [[ItGotWorse the relationship ended disastrously]] (among other things, [[KickTheDog she stole his dog and sold it]]).

Things turned around for Keaton in the 1940s. He met and married his third wife, Eleanor Norris, who helped him get his drinking under control and sometimes worked as his partner in comedy routines. This led to Buster's engagement at France's Cirque Medrano, where he drew enthusiastic audiences. A 1949 article by James Agee in ''LIFE'' magazine (see quote above) renewed interest in Keaton, and his career picked up: he starred in a short-lived TV series; guest-starred on other shows, including ''Series/TheTwilightZone'', ''{{Route 66}}'', and ''Series/CandidCamera''; appeared in many commercials; and performed memorable cameos and supporting roles in such films as ''InTheGoodOldSummertime'', ''SunsetBoulevard'' (playing himself), ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'', CharlieChaplin's ''{{Limelight}}'', ''ItsAMadMadMadMadWorld'', ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', and the AmericanInternationalPictures "Beach" movies starring FrankieAvalon and AnnetteFunicello. He lived to see his silent films preserved and reintroduced for a new generation, and received a Career Oscar.
----
!!A partial filmography:

||align=center border=1 width=75%
|| '''Shorts''' || '''Features''' ||
||OneWeek ||''ThreeAges'' ||
||{{Convict 13}} ||''Film/OurHospitality'' ||
||{{Neighbors}} ||''SherlockJr''[[note]]At 45 minutes, this film is too long to be classified as a "short," yet falls well short of feature length.[[/note]] ||
||TheScarecrow ||''TheNavigator'' ||
||TheHauntedHouse ||''SevenChances'' ||
||HardLuck ||''GoWest'' ||
||TheHighSign ||''BattlingButler'' ||
||TheGoat ||''Film/TheGeneral'' ||
||ThePlayhouse ||''College'' ||
||TheBoat ||''SteamboatBillJr'' ||
||ThePaleface ||
||Film/{{Cops}} ||
||MyWifesRelations||
||Film/TheBlacksmith ||
||TheFrozenNorth ||
||TheElectricHouse ||
||Film/{{Daydreams}} ||
||TheBalloonatic ||
||TheLoveNest ||

----
!!Recurring tropes in Keaton's films:
* {{Adorkable}}: His characters are often sold on their endearing ineptitude. And really, just look at his expression(s).
* AffectionateParody
* AllJustADream
* AmusingInjuries
* BookcasePassage
* ByWallThatIsHoley: Keaton didn't invent it, but the gag will always be linked to him.
* ChaseScene
* ClothingDamage
* TheComicallySerious
* TheDanza: Keaton, in many of the shorts.
* {{Determinator}}
* DoomItYourself
* DreamSequence
* EarnYourHappyEnding
* EpicFail
* EvilIsBigger: Keaton, who was five-and-a-half feet tall, often cast much larger actors as his rivals or nemeses.
* FakeRabies: Buster Keaton runs frantically from a dog that ate a cream pie in "The Scarecrow."
* {{Frameup}}
* ItGotWorse
* TheKlutz
* LargeAndInCharge: See EvilIsBigger, above.
* LeParkour
* LiteralAssKicking
* LoveTriangle
* MemeticOutfit: The Hat. The title-page and chapter-heading illustrations of his "as-told-to" autobiography, ''[[http://www.amazon.com/Wonderful-World-Slapstick-Capo-Paperback/dp/0306801787/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1282462115&sr=1-1 My Wonderful World of Slapstick,]]'' are a drawing of his eyes and The Hat. '''Just''' his eyes and The Hat.
** Played with in ''SteamboatBillJr'': Steamboat Bill (Sr.) is looking for his son, Willie (played by Buster), whom he hasn't seen in years, at the train station, with only the information that Willie will be wearing a white carnation. He goes up to a man bent down to fiddle with his luggage, such that only the hat and a white carnation is visible, whom he assumes to be his son, only to find that the man is black. The second time is when he's having Willie try on new hats at the haberdasher's. '''Every other hat''' that Willie tries on is a variation of the similar-looking boater (larger, and typically straw), which his father continues to veto. One hat that gets vetoed harder than the rest by his father is a miniature derby, placed rakishly on Willie's head a la CharlieChaplin. When the trademark porkpie hat ''does'' appear, Buster sees it in the mirror and quickly ditches it, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_DiaL8ETDw as seen here]].
** In ''Film/OurHospitality'', Keaton plays an early-1800s dandy - riding an early, bumpy train, he keeps hitting the ceiling and crushing his top hat down past his eyes. He finally takes it off and replaces it with his usual flat hat.
* MistakenIdentity
* ThePratfall: Keaton worked hard to perfect his technique, and it showed.
* RailroadTracksOfDoom
* RubeGoldbergDevice
* {{Slapstick}}
* TheStoic
* ThirteenIsUnlucky
* TookALevelInBadass
* TrapDoor
* {{Undercrank}} (used sparingly)
----
!!Tropes in Keaton's Life
* AbusiveParents: He performed on stage with his parents in vaudeville. Part of their act was a slapstick number where the little boy was beaten and thrown around and off the stage. Keaton kept a straight, expressionless face for the RuleOfFunny. These vaudeville acts greatly influenced his stoic persona throughout his career. Despite the obvious effect his upbringing had on his personality, Keaton never said anything negative about his parents.
** Buster actually got his stage name after falling down a flight of stairs at the age of a few months, getting up unharmed. Harry Houdini (yes, ''that'' HarryHoudini) said it was "quite a buster," meaning a fall.
* ClarkKentOutfit: The man was an athlete under those baggy suits. Just watch any film in which he [[ClothingDamage loses his shirt and/or pants]].
* {{Determinator}}: His stunts were perhaps the most physically demanding in the business. During the filming of ''Sherlock Jr.'', Keaton was hanging from a water tower when the water turned on (planned, but at higher pressure than he had expected), knocking Keaton to the train tracks below and breaking his neck. He learned about the injury years later during a routine visit with his doctor.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: He fought his way back from obscurity, alcoholism and depression. In his later years he was happily married, owned a nice suburban home, was working steadily (until ill health made it impossible), and had received a standing ovation at the 1965 Venice Film Festival.
* {{Fingore}}: When he was a child, the tip of Keaton's right index finger was crushed in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its amputation.
* LeParkour: In his heyday, Buster had custom reinforced drapes in his house, the Italian Villa, that he would swing on at parties.
* MissingEpisode: Barely averted. The renewed interest in Keaton's silent work in the 1950s happened just in time. If it had occurred a few years later, the nitrate negatives of his earlier films would probably have disintegrated. Instead, they were transcribed.
* RailEnthusiast: No surprise if you're familiar with some of the train gags in his films.
* RedOniBlueOni: Blue to CharlieChaplin. Or his character.
* RubeGoldbergDevice: Creating these was a lifelong hobby of Keaton's.
* RuleOfThree
** His father claimed that one eventful day, when Buster was ''three years old'', he:
##got a finger caught in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its partial amputation;
##tried to knock a peach from a tree with a stone and hit himself in the head;
##got sucked out through the open window of his boardinghouse room by a tornado.
** He was married three times.
* TheStoic: The Keatons realized that they got more of a rise out of the audience when Buster didn't smile or laugh during their act, so they taught Buster his famous deadpan.
* VindicatedByHistory: Happily, he even lived to see it.

----
!!Buster Keaton {{Shout Out}}s in fiction:
* ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'': Buster Keaton played the role of the blind old man Erronius in the screen version. It was one of his last movie roles. He was dying of cancer. He did his own stunts. He was Awesome.
* Several JackieChan movies imitate Keaton's stunts almost shot for shot.
* Most instances of ByWallThatIsHoley are based on Keaton's famous stunt in ''SteamboatBillJr''
** There's a good one in the episode "The One Where They Build a House" of ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'', in which the character involved [[NamedAfterSomebodyFamous is actually named Buster]] (and looks a little bit like Keaton, as well).
** ''Series/TheGoodies'' did an episode that was part silent-film parody, including an ersatz Buster. When the Goodies have a wall fall on them and are saved by the window, they don't even notice and leave -- then the Buster lookalike comes into the scene, looks around, and takes out a small notebook to write a note to himself before leaving.
* In the RomanticComedy ''Film/BennyAndJoon,'' the character played by JohnnyDepp, Sam, is introduced reading the book ''The Look of BusterKeaton,'' wears an outfit reminiscent of Buster's, and performs Keatonesque bits of silent comedy.
* The eponymous character played by Peter Boyle in ''{{The X-Files}}'' episode "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose" is named after a writer/director who worked with BusterKeaton (and committed suicide with a gun he'd borrowed from Keaton), while Detectives Cline and Havez are references to other Keaton collaborators, writer/director/actor Edward F. Cline and writer Jean C. Havez.
* In [[http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/DC_Special_Series_Vol_1_15 DC Specials Series #15,]] the story "Death Strikes at Midnight and Three" is about a race between the {{Batman}} and the Gotham mob to find a blind accountant willing to testify against the gangster who employed him. The accountant's hiding place -- a theater showing BusterKeaton films (he reasoned that no one would look for a blind man at a silent movie).
* Hatabō ("Flag Boy"), a recurring character in [[{{HimitsuNoAkko-chan}} Fujio Akatsuka's]] manga series ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osomatsu-kun Osomatsu-kun,]]'' is based on BusterKeaton.
* Bleu Finnegan, the main character of ''BlueMonday,'' is a BusterKeaton fan.
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'': In the episode "Emperor Joker!", one of SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker's {{mook}}s is a huge, muscular version of Keaton (the overall effect, given Keaton's square-jawed, unsmiling face, is a bit like a caricature of BorisKarloff as the [[{{Frankenstein1931}} Frankenstein]] monster.)
* In ''[[SixteenThirtyTwo 1632]]'', the first movie the uptimers share with the downtimers once they get the TV station up and running is ''Film/TheGeneral''. While the people who run the studio want Rebecca Abarbanel to explain the film's plot beforehand, she refuses because "Keaton's comedy is timeless". She's right.
* In Creator/StephenKing's novel ''NeedfulThings'', Castle Rock's First Selectman, Danforth Keeton, is nicknamed "Buster". It's also his BerserkButton.
* In IanFleming's novel ''DiamondsAreForever'', there's a scene where JamesBond and [[BondGirl Tiffany Case]] escape from a gangster's lair via a railroad handcar. At one point she tells him, "That was quite an exit. Like something out of an old Buster Keaton film."
* An ''AllInTheFamily'' episode opens with the Bunkers and Stivics returning home from seeing a Buster Keaton film at a revival house. Significantly, it's depicted as one of the rare activities that Archie and Mike enjoy equally.
----

to:

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Buster_Keaton_1573.jpg
-->''"He was by his whole style and nature so much the most deeply 'silent' of the silent comedians that even a smile was as deafeningly out of key as a yell...No other comedian could do as much with the dead-pan. He used this great, sad, motionless face to suggest various related things; a one track mind near the track’s end of pure insanity; mulish imperturbability under the wildest of circumstances; how dead a human being can get and still be alive; an awe-inspiring sort of patience and power to endure, proper to granite but uncanny in flesh and blood."''
-->-- '''James Agee''', ''LIFE'' magazine (5 September 1949)

-->''"No man can be a genius in slapshoes and a flat hat."''
-->-- '''Buster Keaton'''

Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton, Jr. (1895-1966), was the original [[TheStoic Stoic]], also known as [[FrozenFace The Great Stone Face]]. Possibly the toughest man in show business history; during one film shoot, he ''broke his neck'' and continued with the day's shooting.

Buster literally grew up on stage as part of the Three Keatons, one of the roughest acts in vaudeville. Their most famous shtick was when Pa Joe Keaton would react to Buster's mischief by literally throwing him around the stage and occasionally into the orchestra pit or the audience -- once, Joe threw Buster at hecklers who made the mistake of criticizing the saxophone playing of Myra Keaton, Joe's wife. Oh, and did we mention that they started this act when Buster was ''three years old''?

Eventually, when the act's fortunes declined and Joe got too drunk and disorderly to work with safely[[note]] Speaking of safety, Keaton repeatedly stated in interviews that he never suffered an injury as a result of being thrown; their act was designed to look improvised and violent, but in reality was quite planned and controlled.[[/note]], Buster Keaton struck out on his own. He got into film with his good friend, [[FattyArbuckle Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle]], then one of the top comedy movie stars. Following Fatty's tragic fall from grace, Keaton formed his own production company, starring in and directing some of the most innovative comedy films of his day. From this period, his full-length film ''TheGeneral'' is still considered one of the best silent films ever made. He was also never afraid of new technology: for instance, for a major silent movie star at the dawn of sound films, he ''wanted'' to get into them right away. After his company was dissolved, Keaton signed a contract with [[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]]. The best of his MGM films are the silents ''TheCameraman'' and ''SpiteMarriage''. He then began making sound pictures in which he was often teamed with JimmyDurante.

Unfortunately, stress from repeated clashes with MGM management, the loss of his independence and artistic control, and a divorce from his first wife, Natalie Talmadge (in which she was awarded sole custody of their two sons), caused Keaton's drinking to develop into outright alcoholism. During the 1930s, Keaton slipped from the spotlight. He made two-reel comedies for low-budget outfits like Educational Pictures and Columbia Pictures (the latter has since become a major film production and distribution company), and worked for MGM as a gag man (where he mentored [[ILoveLucy Lucille Ball]] before she got her break as a television comedienne and created the famous stateroom sequence in the MarxBrothers' ''ANightAtTheOpera''). At one point he was institutionalized because of his drinking. He wed one of his nurses, Mae Scriven, possibly during an alcoholic blackout; [[ItGotWorse the relationship ended disastrously]] (among other things, [[KickTheDog she stole his dog and sold it]]).

Things turned around for Keaton in the 1940s. He met and married his third wife, Eleanor Norris, who helped him get his drinking under control and sometimes worked as his partner in comedy routines. This led to Buster's engagement at France's Cirque Medrano, where he drew enthusiastic audiences. A 1949 article by James Agee in ''LIFE'' magazine (see quote above) renewed interest in Keaton, and his career picked up: he starred in a short-lived TV series; guest-starred on other shows, including ''Series/TheTwilightZone'', ''{{Route 66}}'', and ''Series/CandidCamera''; appeared in many commercials; and performed memorable cameos and supporting roles in such films as ''InTheGoodOldSummertime'', ''SunsetBoulevard'' (playing himself), ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'', CharlieChaplin's ''{{Limelight}}'', ''ItsAMadMadMadMadWorld'', ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', and the AmericanInternationalPictures "Beach" movies starring FrankieAvalon and AnnetteFunicello. He lived to see his silent films preserved and reintroduced for a new generation, and received a Career Oscar.
----
!!A partial filmography:

||align=center border=1 width=75%
|| '''Shorts''' || '''Features''' ||
||OneWeek ||''ThreeAges'' ||
||{{Convict 13}} ||''Film/OurHospitality'' ||
||{{Neighbors}} ||''SherlockJr''[[note]]At 45 minutes, this film is too long to be classified as a "short," yet falls well short of feature length.[[/note]] ||
||TheScarecrow ||''TheNavigator'' ||
||TheHauntedHouse ||''SevenChances'' ||
||HardLuck ||''GoWest'' ||
||TheHighSign ||''BattlingButler'' ||
||TheGoat ||''Film/TheGeneral'' ||
||ThePlayhouse ||''College'' ||
||TheBoat ||''SteamboatBillJr'' ||
||ThePaleface ||
||Film/{{Cops}} ||
||MyWifesRelations||
||Film/TheBlacksmith ||
||TheFrozenNorth ||
||TheElectricHouse ||
||Film/{{Daydreams}} ||
||TheBalloonatic ||
||TheLoveNest ||

----
!!Recurring tropes in Keaton's films:
* {{Adorkable}}: His characters are often sold on their endearing ineptitude. And really, just look at his expression(s).
* AffectionateParody
* AllJustADream
* AmusingInjuries
* BookcasePassage
* ByWallThatIsHoley: Keaton didn't invent it, but the gag will always be linked to him.
* ChaseScene
* ClothingDamage
* TheComicallySerious
* TheDanza: Keaton, in many of the shorts.
* {{Determinator}}
* DoomItYourself
* DreamSequence
* EarnYourHappyEnding
* EpicFail
* EvilIsBigger: Keaton, who was five-and-a-half feet tall, often cast much larger actors as his rivals or nemeses.
* FakeRabies: Buster Keaton runs frantically from a dog that ate a cream pie in "The Scarecrow."
* {{Frameup}}
* ItGotWorse
* TheKlutz
* LargeAndInCharge: See EvilIsBigger, above.
* LeParkour
* LiteralAssKicking
* LoveTriangle
* MemeticOutfit: The Hat. The title-page and chapter-heading illustrations of his "as-told-to" autobiography, ''[[http://www.amazon.com/Wonderful-World-Slapstick-Capo-Paperback/dp/0306801787/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1282462115&sr=1-1 My Wonderful World of Slapstick,]]'' are a drawing of his eyes and The Hat. '''Just''' his eyes and The Hat.
** Played with in ''SteamboatBillJr'': Steamboat Bill (Sr.) is looking for his son, Willie (played by Buster), whom he hasn't seen in years, at the train station, with only the information that Willie will be wearing a white carnation. He goes up to a man bent down to fiddle with his luggage, such that only the hat and a white carnation is visible, whom he assumes to be his son, only to find that the man is black. The second time is when he's having Willie try on new hats at the haberdasher's. '''Every other hat''' that Willie tries on is a variation of the similar-looking boater (larger, and typically straw), which his father continues to veto. One hat that gets vetoed harder than the rest by his father is a miniature derby, placed rakishly on Willie's head a la CharlieChaplin. When the trademark porkpie hat ''does'' appear, Buster sees it in the mirror and quickly ditches it, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_DiaL8ETDw as seen here]].
** In ''Film/OurHospitality'', Keaton plays an early-1800s dandy - riding an early, bumpy train, he keeps hitting the ceiling and crushing his top hat down past his eyes. He finally takes it off and replaces it with his usual flat hat.
* MistakenIdentity
* ThePratfall: Keaton worked hard to perfect his technique, and it showed.
* RailroadTracksOfDoom
* RubeGoldbergDevice
* {{Slapstick}}
* TheStoic
* ThirteenIsUnlucky
* TookALevelInBadass
* TrapDoor
* {{Undercrank}} (used sparingly)
----
!!Tropes in Keaton's Life
* AbusiveParents: He performed on stage with his parents in vaudeville. Part of their act was a slapstick number where the little boy was beaten and thrown around and off the stage. Keaton kept a straight, expressionless face for the RuleOfFunny. These vaudeville acts greatly influenced his stoic persona throughout his career. Despite the obvious effect his upbringing had on his personality, Keaton never said anything negative about his parents.
** Buster actually got his stage name after falling down a flight of stairs at the age of a few months, getting up unharmed. Harry Houdini (yes, ''that'' HarryHoudini) said it was "quite a buster," meaning a fall.
* ClarkKentOutfit: The man was an athlete under those baggy suits. Just watch any film in which he [[ClothingDamage loses his shirt and/or pants]].
* {{Determinator}}: His stunts were perhaps the most physically demanding in the business. During the filming of ''Sherlock Jr.'', Keaton was hanging from a water tower when the water turned on (planned, but at higher pressure than he had expected), knocking Keaton to the train tracks below and breaking his neck. He learned about the injury years later during a routine visit with his doctor.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: He fought his way back from obscurity, alcoholism and depression. In his later years he was happily married, owned a nice suburban home, was working steadily (until ill health made it impossible), and had received a standing ovation at the 1965 Venice Film Festival.
* {{Fingore}}: When he was a child, the tip of Keaton's right index finger was crushed in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its amputation.
* LeParkour: In his heyday, Buster had custom reinforced drapes in his house, the Italian Villa, that he would swing on at parties.
* MissingEpisode: Barely averted. The renewed interest in Keaton's silent work in the 1950s happened just in time. If it had occurred a few years later, the nitrate negatives of his earlier films would probably have disintegrated. Instead, they were transcribed.
* RailEnthusiast: No surprise if you're familiar with some of the train gags in his films.
* RedOniBlueOni: Blue to CharlieChaplin. Or his character.
* RubeGoldbergDevice: Creating these was a lifelong hobby of Keaton's.
* RuleOfThree
** His father claimed that one eventful day, when Buster was ''three years old'', he:
##got a finger caught in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its partial amputation;
##tried to knock a peach from a tree with a stone and hit himself in the head;
##got sucked out through the open window of his boardinghouse room by a tornado.
** He was married three times.
* TheStoic: The Keatons realized that they got more of a rise out of the audience when Buster didn't smile or laugh during their act, so they taught Buster his famous deadpan.
* VindicatedByHistory: Happily, he even lived to see it.

----
!!Buster Keaton {{Shout Out}}s in fiction:
* ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'': Buster Keaton played the role of the blind old man Erronius in the screen version. It was one of his last movie roles. He was dying of cancer. He did his own stunts. He was Awesome.
* Several JackieChan movies imitate Keaton's stunts almost shot for shot.
* Most instances of ByWallThatIsHoley are based on Keaton's famous stunt in ''SteamboatBillJr''
** There's a good one in the episode "The One Where They Build a House" of ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'', in which the character involved [[NamedAfterSomebodyFamous is actually named Buster]] (and looks a little bit like Keaton, as well).
** ''Series/TheGoodies'' did an episode that was part silent-film parody, including an ersatz Buster. When the Goodies have a wall fall on them and are saved by the window, they don't even notice and leave -- then the Buster lookalike comes into the scene, looks around, and takes out a small notebook to write a note to himself before leaving.
* In the RomanticComedy ''Film/BennyAndJoon,'' the character played by JohnnyDepp, Sam, is introduced reading the book ''The Look of BusterKeaton,'' wears an outfit reminiscent of Buster's, and performs Keatonesque bits of silent comedy.
* The eponymous character played by Peter Boyle in ''{{The X-Files}}'' episode "Clyde Bruckman's Final Repose" is named after a writer/director who worked with BusterKeaton (and committed suicide with a gun he'd borrowed from Keaton), while Detectives Cline and Havez are references to other Keaton collaborators, writer/director/actor Edward F. Cline and writer Jean C. Havez.
* In [[http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/DC_Special_Series_Vol_1_15 DC Specials Series #15,]] the story "Death Strikes at Midnight and Three" is about a race between the {{Batman}} and the Gotham mob to find a blind accountant willing to testify against the gangster who employed him. The accountant's hiding place -- a theater showing BusterKeaton films (he reasoned that no one would look for a blind man at a silent movie).
* Hatabō ("Flag Boy"), a recurring character in [[{{HimitsuNoAkko-chan}} Fujio Akatsuka's]] manga series ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osomatsu-kun Osomatsu-kun,]]'' is based on BusterKeaton.
* Bleu Finnegan, the main character of ''BlueMonday,'' is a BusterKeaton fan.
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'': In the episode "Emperor Joker!", one of SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker's {{mook}}s is a huge, muscular version of Keaton (the overall effect, given Keaton's square-jawed, unsmiling face, is a bit like a caricature of BorisKarloff as the [[{{Frankenstein1931}} Frankenstein]] monster.)
* In ''[[SixteenThirtyTwo 1632]]'', the first movie the uptimers share with the downtimers once they get the TV station up and running is ''Film/TheGeneral''. While the people who run the studio want Rebecca Abarbanel to explain the film's plot beforehand, she refuses because "Keaton's comedy is timeless". She's right.
* In Creator/StephenKing's novel ''NeedfulThings'', Castle Rock's First Selectman, Danforth Keeton, is nicknamed "Buster". It's also his BerserkButton.
* In IanFleming's novel ''DiamondsAreForever'', there's a scene where JamesBond and [[BondGirl Tiffany Case]] escape from a gangster's lair via a railroad handcar. At one point she tells him, "That was quite an exit. Like something out of an old Buster Keaton film."
* An ''AllInTheFamily'' episode opens with the Bunkers and Stivics returning home from seeing a Buster Keaton film at a revival house. Significantly, it's depicted as one of the rare activities that Archie and Mike enjoy equally.
----
[[redirect:Creator/BusterKeaton]]
26th Aug '12 10:24:47 AM FELH2
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Eventually, when the act's fortunes declined and Joe got too drunk and disorderly to work with safely[[hottip:*: Speaking of safety, Keaton repeatedly stated in interviews that he never suffered an injury as a result of being thrown; their act was designed to look improvised and violent, but in reality was quite planned and controlled.]], Buster Keaton struck out on his own. He got into film with his good friend, [[FattyArbuckle Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle]], then one of the top comedy movie stars. Following Fatty's tragic fall from grace, Keaton formed his own production company, starring in and directing some of the most innovative comedy films of his day. From this period, his full-length film ''TheGeneral'' is still considered one of the best silent films ever made. He was also never afraid of new technology: for instance, for a major silent movie star at the dawn of sound films, he ''wanted'' to get into them right away. After his company was dissolved, Keaton signed a contract with [[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]]. The best of his MGM films are the silents ''TheCameraman'' and ''SpiteMarriage''. He then began making sound pictures in which he was often teamed with JimmyDurante.

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Eventually, when the act's fortunes declined and Joe got too drunk and disorderly to work with safely[[hottip:*: safely[[note]] Speaking of safety, Keaton repeatedly stated in interviews that he never suffered an injury as a result of being thrown; their act was designed to look improvised and violent, but in reality was quite planned and controlled.]], [[/note]], Buster Keaton struck out on his own. He got into film with his good friend, [[FattyArbuckle Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle]], then one of the top comedy movie stars. Following Fatty's tragic fall from grace, Keaton formed his own production company, starring in and directing some of the most innovative comedy films of his day. From this period, his full-length film ''TheGeneral'' is still considered one of the best silent films ever made. He was also never afraid of new technology: for instance, for a major silent movie star at the dawn of sound films, he ''wanted'' to get into them right away. After his company was dissolved, Keaton signed a contract with [[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]]. The best of his MGM films are the silents ''TheCameraman'' and ''SpiteMarriage''. He then began making sound pictures in which he was often teamed with JimmyDurante.



||{{Neighbors}} ||''SherlockJr''[[hottip:*:At 45 minutes, this film is too long to be classified as a "short," yet falls well short of feature length.]] ||

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||{{Neighbors}} ||''SherlockJr''[[hottip:*:At ||''SherlockJr''[[note]]At 45 minutes, this film is too long to be classified as a "short," yet falls well short of feature length.]] [[/note]] ||



* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'': In the episode "Emperor Joker!", one of TheJoker's {{mook}}s is a huge, muscular version of Keaton (the overall effect, given Keaton's square-jawed, unsmiling face, is a bit like a caricature of BorisKarloff as the [[{{Frankenstein1931}} Frankenstein]] monster.)

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* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'': In the episode "Emperor Joker!", one of TheJoker's SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker's {{mook}}s is a huge, muscular version of Keaton (the overall effect, given Keaton's square-jawed, unsmiling face, is a bit like a caricature of BorisKarloff as the [[{{Frankenstein1931}} Frankenstein]] monster.)



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1st Aug '12 3:25:30 AM FELH2
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Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton, Jr. (1895-1966), was the original [[TheStoic Stoic]], also known as [[FrozenFace The Great Stone Face]]. Possibly the toughest man in show business history; during one film shoot, he ''broke his neck'' and continued with the day's shooting.

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Joseph Frank "Buster" Keaton, Jr. (1895-1966), was the original [[TheStoic Stoic]], also known as [[FrozenFace The Great Stone Face]]. Possibly the toughest man in show business history; during one film shoot, he ''broke his neck'' and continued with the day's shooting.
shooting.



Eventually, when the act's fortunes declined and Joe got too drunk and disorderly to work with safely[[hottip:*: Speaking of safety, Keaton repeatedly stated in interviews that he never suffered an injury as a result of being thrown; their act was designed to look improvised and violent, but in reality was quite planned and controlled.]], Buster Keaton struck out on his own. He got into film with his good friend, [[FattyArbuckle Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle]], then one of the top comedy movie stars. Following Fatty's tragic fall from grace, Keaton formed his own production company, starring in and directing some of the most innovative comedy films of his day. From this period, his full-length film ''TheGeneral'' is still considered one of the best silent films ever made. He was also never afraid of new technology: for instance, for a major silent movie star at the dawn of sound films, he ''wanted'' to get into them right away. After his company was dissolved, Keaton signed a contract with [[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]]. The best of his MGM films are the silents ''TheCameraman'' and ''SpiteMarriage''. He then began making sound pictures in which he was often teamed with JimmyDurante.

to:

Eventually, when the act's fortunes declined and Joe got too drunk and disorderly to work with safely[[hottip:*: Speaking of safety, Keaton repeatedly stated in interviews that he never suffered an injury as a result of being thrown; their act was designed to look improvised and violent, but in reality was quite planned and controlled.]], Buster Keaton struck out on his own. He got into film with his good friend, [[FattyArbuckle Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle]], then one of the top comedy movie stars. Following Fatty's tragic fall from grace, Keaton formed his own production company, starring in and directing some of the most innovative comedy films of his day. From this period, his full-length film ''TheGeneral'' is still considered one of the best silent films ever made. He was also never afraid of new technology: for instance, for a major silent movie star at the dawn of sound films, he ''wanted'' to get into them right away. After his company was dissolved, Keaton signed a contract with [[MetroGoldwynMayer MGM]]. The best of his MGM films are the silents ''TheCameraman'' and ''SpiteMarriage''. He then began making sound pictures in which he was often teamed with JimmyDurante.
JimmyDurante.



Things turned around for Keaton in the 1940s. He met and married his third wife, Eleanor Norris, who helped him get his drinking under control and sometimes worked as his partner in comedy routines. This led to Buster's engagement at France's Cirque Medrano, where he drew enthusiastic audiences. A 1949 article by James Agee in ''LIFE'' magazine (see quote above) renewed interest in Keaton, and his career picked up: he starred in a short-lived TV series; guest-starred on other shows, including ''Series/TheTwilightZone'', ''{{Route 66}}'', and ''Series/CandidCamera''; appeared in many commercials; and performed memorable cameos and supporting roles in such films as ''InTheGoodOldSummertime'', ''SunsetBoulevard'' (playing himself), ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'', CharlieChaplin's ''{{Limelight}}'', ''[[ItsAMadMadMadMadWorld It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World]]'', ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', and the AmericanInternationalPictures "Beach" movies starring FrankieAvalon and AnnetteFunicello. He lived to see his silent films preserved and reintroduced for a new generation, and received a Career Oscar.

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Things turned around for Keaton in the 1940s. He met and married his third wife, Eleanor Norris, who helped him get his drinking under control and sometimes worked as his partner in comedy routines. This led to Buster's engagement at France's Cirque Medrano, where he drew enthusiastic audiences. A 1949 article by James Agee in ''LIFE'' magazine (see quote above) renewed interest in Keaton, and his career picked up: he starred in a short-lived TV series; guest-starred on other shows, including ''Series/TheTwilightZone'', ''{{Route 66}}'', and ''Series/CandidCamera''; appeared in many commercials; and performed memorable cameos and supporting roles in such films as ''InTheGoodOldSummertime'', ''SunsetBoulevard'' (playing himself), ''AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'', CharlieChaplin's ''{{Limelight}}'', ''[[ItsAMadMadMadMadWorld It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World]]'', ''ItsAMadMadMadMadWorld'', ''AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', and the AmericanInternationalPictures "Beach" movies starring FrankieAvalon and AnnetteFunicello. He lived to see his silent films preserved and reintroduced for a new generation, and received a Career Oscar.



||Film/{{The Blacksmith}} ||

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||Film/{{The Blacksmith}} ||Film/TheBlacksmith ||



* {{Fingore}}: When he was a child, the tip of Keaton's right index finger was crushed in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its amputation.

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* {{Fingore}}: When he was a child, the tip of Keaton's right index finger was crushed in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its amputation.



** His father claimed that one eventful day, when Buster was ''three years old'', he:
##got a finger caught in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its partial amputation;
##tried to knock a peach from a tree with a stone and hit himself in the head;

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** His father claimed that one eventful day, when Buster was ''three years old'', he:
he:
##got a finger caught in a clothes-wringer, necessitating its partial amputation;
amputation;
##tried to knock a peach from a tree with a stone and hit himself in the head; head;



* In the {{romantic comedy}} ''Film/BennyAndJoon,'' the character played by JohnnyDepp, Sam, is introduced reading the book ''The Look of BusterKeaton,'' wears an outfit reminiscent of Buster's, and performs Keatonesque bits of silent comedy.

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* In the {{romantic comedy}} RomanticComedy ''Film/BennyAndJoon,'' the character played by JohnnyDepp, Sam, is introduced reading the book ''The Look of BusterKeaton,'' wears an outfit reminiscent of Buster's, and performs Keatonesque bits of silent comedy.



* In [[http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/DC_Special_Series_Vol_1_15 DC Specials Series #15,]] the story "Death Strikes at Midnight and Three" is about a race between the {{Batman}} and the Gotham mob to find a blind accountant willing to testify against the gangster who employed him. The accountant's hiding place -- a theater showing BusterKeaton films (he reasoned that no one would look for a blind man at a silent movie).
* Hatabō ("Flag Boy"), a recurring character in [[{{HimitsuNoAkko-chan}} Fujio Akatsuka]]'s manga series ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osomatsu-kun Osomatsu-kun,]]'' is based on BusterKeaton.
* Bleu Finnegan, the main character of ''BlueMonday,'' is a BusterKeaton fan.

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* In [[http://dc.wikia.com/wiki/DC_Special_Series_Vol_1_15 DC Specials Series #15,]] the story "Death Strikes at Midnight and Three" is about a race between the {{Batman}} and the Gotham mob to find a blind accountant willing to testify against the gangster who employed him. The accountant's hiding place -- a theater showing BusterKeaton films (he reasoned that no one would look for a blind man at a silent movie).
movie).
* Hatabō ("Flag Boy"), a recurring character in [[{{HimitsuNoAkko-chan}} Fujio Akatsuka]]'s Akatsuka's]] manga series ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osomatsu-kun Osomatsu-kun,]]'' is based on BusterKeaton.
* Bleu Finnegan, the main character of ''BlueMonday,'' is a BusterKeaton fan.



* In ''[[{{SixteenThirtyTwo}} 1632]]'', the first movie the uptimers share with the downtimers once they get the TV station up and running is ''[[{{Film/The General}} The General]]''. While the people who run the studio want Rebecca Abarbanel to explain the film's plot beforehand, she refuses because "Keaton's comedy is timeless". She's right.
* In StephenKing's novel ''NeedfulThings'', Castle Rock's First Selectman, Danforth Keeton, is nicknamed "Buster". It's also his BerserkButton.

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* In ''[[{{SixteenThirtyTwo}} ''[[SixteenThirtyTwo 1632]]'', the first movie the uptimers share with the downtimers once they get the TV station up and running is ''[[{{Film/The General}} The General]]''.''Film/TheGeneral''. While the people who run the studio want Rebecca Abarbanel to explain the film's plot beforehand, she refuses because "Keaton's comedy is timeless". She's right.
* In StephenKing's Creator/StephenKing's novel ''NeedfulThings'', Castle Rock's First Selectman, Danforth Keeton, is nicknamed "Buster". It's also his BerserkButton.



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10th Jul '12 6:16:27 PM DoctorSerenitySquid
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* In the {{romantic comedy}} ''BennyAndJoon,'' the character played by JohnnyDepp, Sam, is introduced reading the book ''The Look of BusterKeaton,'' wears an outfit reminiscent of Buster's, and performs Keatonesque bits of silent comedy.

to:

* In the {{romantic comedy}} ''BennyAndJoon,'' ''Film/BennyAndJoon,'' the character played by JohnnyDepp, Sam, is introduced reading the book ''The Look of BusterKeaton,'' wears an outfit reminiscent of Buster's, and performs Keatonesque bits of silent comedy.
1st Jul '12 12:28:07 AM MrInitialMan
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* VindicatedByHistory: Happily, he even lived to see it.
1st Jul '12 12:27:28 AM MrInitialMan
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* VindicatedByHistory: Happily, he even lived to see it.

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* VindicatedByHistory: Happily, he even lived to see it.
1st Jul '12 12:24:46 AM MrInitialMan
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* VindicatedByHistory: Happily, he even lived to see it.
2nd Jun '12 2:22:02 AM Belfagor
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Added DiffLines:

* TheComicallySerious
26th Apr '12 12:25:16 PM MSPachina
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Added DiffLines:

* FakeRabies: Buster Keaton runs frantically from a dog that ate a cream pie in "The Scarecrow."
29th Feb '12 2:15:37 PM airie
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* Adorkable: His characters are often sold on their endearing ineptitude. And really, just look at his expression(s).

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* Adorkable: {{Adorkable}}: His characters are often sold on their endearing ineptitude. And really, just look at his expression(s).
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http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/article_history.php?article=Main.BusterKeaton