History Main / AtlasShrugged

1st Jan '14 4:00:04 PM MarkLungo
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* For the original novel, click [[Literature/AtlasShrugged here]].
* For the series of films based on the novel, click [[Film/AtlasShrugged here]].
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8th Mar '12 12:40:11 PM Discar
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-> ''"For twelve years, you have been asking: [[ArcWords Who is John Galt?]] [[DoNotAdjustYourSet This is John Galt speaking.]] I am the man who loves his life. I am the man who does not sacrifice his love or his values. I am the man who has deprived you of victims and thus has destroyed your world, and if you wish to know why you are perishing, you who dread knowledge: I am the man who will now tell you."''
->--'''John Galt''' beginning a [[Quotes/AtlasShrugged very, very,]] [[RuleofThree very]] [[Quotes/AtlasShrugged long]] speech.

It's TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture. The government is [[StrawmanPolitical evil and stupid]], intent on [[TheTwoCertaintiesInBritain draining]] the decent, productive, people dry. The average Joe is clamped hard on the [[MarySuetopia government teat]], and [[VillainWithGoodPublicity happy about it]]. The people are LesCollaborateurs, busy [[CorruptCorporateExecutive gaming]] the system for every drop before it crashes, or [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans self-deluded]] fools certain they can fix everything with just a LITTLE more control. There is no [[LaResistance public resistance]].

Worse, the [[ApatheticCitizens few people]] who are still productive are [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere disappearing, one by one.]] No one ever hears from them again, and their friends and relatives are left with nothing but a question:

"[[DrivingQuestion Who is John Galt?]]"

Welcome to the world of AynRand's ''AtlasShrugged''.

The title is based on a popular misconception that in Greek mythology Atlas carried the world on his back; as Hank and Francisco [[TitleDrop discuss during the book]], if he ever tired of carrying that weight on his shoulders, all he needed to do was shrug, and it would fall off. The working title for the novel, before its publication, was ''The Strike.''

The book is most widely known for its condemnation of religion and altruism, as well as its support of free-market classical liberalism (which Rand called "Capitalism," although Marxists and Anarchists use the term "Capitalism" in a completely different sense). Other themes include its celebration of the individual and the argument that [[MiseryBuildsCharacter suffering]] is ''not'' a necessary part of the human condition.

For those that are interested in the technical details of Rand's ideas, there is a Useful Notes page on UsefulNotes/{{Objectivism}} (warning: RL politics/philosophy ahead).

A [[FilmOfTheBook film adaptation]] of the book's first part was released on April 15th, 2011 after decades in DevelopmentHell.

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%%To be clear, this page is about describing ''Atlas Shrugged''. If you wish to evaluate it, please feel free to contribute to the review section. No [[ComplainingAboutShowsYouDontLike complaining about philosophies you disagree with]], please.

!!This book provides examples of:

* AchillesInHisTent: The idea behind John Galt's strike.
* AlmightyJanitor: All of the strikers, including highly capable people, agree to take nothing but the equivalent of minimum-wage jobs in order to avoid contributing their minds to the looters' system. Notably, scientific genius John Galt works at Taggart Transcontinental as an unskilled railroad hand for ten years.
* AlternateHistory: A possible explanation that has been proposed for importance of radios, trains, and the lack of post-WWII technology is that the timeline splits around the '30s when FDR is elected, resulting in decades of stagnation, and major events such as World War II never happened in this universe.
* AmbitionIsEvil: The book's villains think this. The protagonists repeatedly say the exact opposite: they consider the ''lack'' of ambition to be the ultimate evil. The latter point is one of the book's main [[AnAesop Aesops]].
* AmericaSavesTheDay: Simultaneously averted and played straight. Averted in that in the world of the novel, the USA is [[JustBeforeTheEnd well on track]] to becoming just like the [[CommieLand People's States]] it regularly sends government aid to (and, by the end of the novel, American society has indeed collapsed). Two heroes (D'Anconia and Ragnar The [[WarriorPoet Philosopher Pirate]]) are Argentinian and Scandinavian, respectively. Present in that all of the novel's heroes extol (what they refer to as) American values and the majesty of a country founded on the pursuit of individual happiness. By the end of the novel all the productive people are living in lovely Colorado.
* AntiHero:
** Although Rand intended her protagonists to be morally unassailable, even many people who agree with the book's message don't perceive them as pure heroes.
** Dagny Taggart and Francisco D'Anconia are somewhere between Type III and Type IV, Hank Rearden is more of a Type II. John Galt is arguably a Type III, albeit only to his enemies.
* AppliedPhlebotinum: John Galt is a GadgeteerGenius with cast-iron lungs; Galt's Motor, Galt's Gulch's InvisibilityCloak, Galt's CoolPlane... There's also [[strike:Rearden]] "Miracle" Metal, and Project Xylophone (which also contains [[MadeOfExplodium Explodium]]).
* ArcWords: "How am I to know?","Check your premises", "Who are you to judge/think?", "He'll do ''something''!" "The whole world should know his name!" -- ''"Who is John Galt?"''
* {{Atlantis}}: John Galt's preferred nickname for [[strike:Galt's Gulch]] Mulligan's Valley.
* AuthorAvatar:
** WordOfGod (i.e. Rand herself) admits that she is the Fishwife in Galt's Gulch.
** Rand also referred to her real life husband-at-the-time as "my John Galt".
* AuthorFilibuster: As the AuthorFilibuster page itself says, "Eventually the question you ask stops being 'Who is John Galt?' and becomes 'When will John Galt shut up?'" AtlasShrugged has one of the longest examples in print, with 60 to 70 pages (depending on printing) of John Galt lecturing the entire world. There are other, shorter filibusters as well scattered through the book.
* AuthorTract: Arguably the TropeCodifier.
* BadassBookworm: Ragnar Danneskjold, the most fearsome pirate on the high seas, is also a philosophy major who enjoys reading Aristotle. He worked his way through college as a library clerk.
* BalanceBetweenGoodAndEvil: Actively averted: Rand's view was that evil is a parasite on the good of the world, which cannot survive without ''willing'' virtues to loot.
* {{Beauty Equals Goodness}}: All of the protagonists and members of Galt's Gulch are described as being exceptionally attractive, while the villains are generally described as pudgy and watery eyed. To be fair, however, Rand might have been trying to say that being talented, hard working, and passionate ''makes'' you attractive, and not the other way around.
* BettyAndVeronica:
** Hank Rearden and Francisco D'Anconia, with John Galt as ThirdOptionLoveInterest.
** Rand also [[DeconstructedTrope deconstructs the trope]] with the actress who joined the strike because she was typecast as the Veronica: - she was tired of having to play characters who were more interesting than the Betties in formula films while always losing to them in the end.
* BigGood: John Galt.
* {{Bishonen}}: Francisco d'Anconia and Ragnar Danneskjold.
* BrainDrain: This is John Galt's major plan: to drain ALL OF AMERICA
* BrickJoke: Remember how Dagny returns from Galt's Gulch just in time to hear that the engines from their star line and ''the cars from a coal run'' were being appropriated to pick up a shipment of '''grapefruit'''? Two-hundred and fifty pages later, after the looters have captured Galt, it's mentioned that Mr. Thompson's doctor had prescribed him grapefruit juice to help with an "epidemic" of colds. '''''And we learn of this because they just at that moment ran out of juice. Right up until the collapse, resources were put aside so the Head Of State could have grapefruit juice.'''''
* BrokenPedestal: Dr. Robert Stadler, brilliant and idealistic scientist who becomes just another part of the looters' machine.
* BrotherSisterTeam: Subverted with Dagny and James Taggart. While both are in major leadership roles at Taggart Transcontinental, it's Dagny who keeps the railroad running and James who keeps either harming its interests or advancing it through dishonest means.
* CainAndAbel: James and Dagny Taggart; Phillip and Hank Rearden.
* CharacterFilibuster: Quite a few. A ''three hour long'' speech appears verbatim, ''right before the climax''. After that, the rest look like zingers.
* ComicallySmallBribe: Inverted. Mr. Thompson tries to offer John Galt what he thinks are comically ''large'' bribes to cooperate with the government, such as a billion dollars in gold and total economic power over the whole country. Galt points out that, in fact, such money and power would only be of value to him once ''he'' creates said value himself, making them completely worthless.
* CompletelyMissingThePoint:
** After listening to Galt's three-hour long tirade about the evils of government interference in industry, the looters proceed to capture him and offer him the role of economic director, a job in which he will be free to run industry as he sees fit.
** After Dagny returns from her idyllic sojourn in Galt's Gulch, James Taggart (who probably majored in Missing the Point) brags about how much money he has made the railroad in her absence. He gloats, because all Dagny ever cared about was making lucre. He "made" that money by [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections pulling strings with his friends]] to get the government to give him outrageous subsidies and advantages. Dagny's... not impressed.
** James...again, after his sister's dynamo performance on Bertram Scudder's radio program. When Cheryl asks him about Dagny's comments, James responds by attacking Scudder and pointing out that he has been kicked off the radio. Cheryl becomes quite exasperated.
* ComplimentBackfire:
** Hank Rearden is thrown a banquet after the tremendous success of Taggart Transcontinental's Rearden Metal line, at which he is praised loudly for being someone who people desperately ''needs''. He's not very impressed.
** Composer Richard Halley joins the strike after the night his opera became a roaring success for the same reason.
* ConspicuousConsumption: Francisco d'Anconia became famous for this after adopting his [[RichIdiotWithNoDayJob playboy persona]]. James Taggart also goes on a spree of this later on. Notably averted with most of the heroic characters, even very rich ones: they may purchase extremely expensive objects, but do this for their quality rather than showing off how rich they are.
* ContemplateOurNavels: Many passages in the book are exactly this. JustifiedTrope given the [[PhilosophicalNovel genre]].
* CorruptCorporateExecutive: Various villains, notably James Taggart and Orren Boyle. The heroes have also been accused, in-universe, of embodying this trope.
* CorruptPolitician: Just about every politician in the book is either a weak, amoral slug or a deliberately destructive leech.
* CrapsackWorld: Intellectuals such as Balph Eubank and Simon Pritchett like to present the world as one of these, a place where [[DontThinkFeel reason and logic are useless]], [[CosmicHorrorStory man cannot achieve anything significant in the universe]], and [[MiseryBuildsCharacter suffering is the essence of life]]. The general state of the world seems to imply that they are right, except that ''[[SelfFulfillingProphecy their insistence on treating those opinions as fact is causing them to become true.]]'' In contrast, the Strikers use [[AwesomenessByAnalysis Genius]] and [[TheDeterminator Determination]] to [[EarnYourHappyEnding Earn Their Happy Ending.]]
* TheDarkSideWillMakeYouForget: Dr. Stadler
* DeadAir: After John Galt hacks the radio transmissions and delivers his speech, the other characters do anything to fill up the dead air afterward, but this is treated more as a FollowTheLeader response of the radio producers that came before them.
* DeadpanSnarker - Most of the good characters but particularly Dagny.
* {{Deconstruction}}: The chapter detailing the fate of the Twentieth Century Motor Company is a deconstruction of the Marxist slogan "From Each According to Ability, To Each According to Need." Ultimately, the plot of the novel is intended to be a deconstruction of traditional (i.e. altruistic) moral principles.
* DefeatMeansFriendship:
** The first guy to produce steel in Galt's Gulch is driven out of business when a better man joins the strikers. The beaten man happily works for the new steel producer, in a position which is a much better fit.
** The winner himself tells Dagny that he looks forward to the day when Rearden joins the strikers: Hank will certainly beat him, but it'll be an honorable defeat.
* DespairEventHorizon: Cheryl
* {{Determinator}}:
** Dagny, particularly in regards to how she finds Galt. She finds his plane, grabs her own, follows it until it seemingly dissapears into the side of a mountain, and follows.
** Hank Rearden went through countless failures before he finally invented a successful version of Rearden Metal.
* DevelopingDoomedCharacters: Galt, the hero, doesn't show up for about 700 pages. It takes the looters about 400 pages before they really start to screw up society. That "early" portion of the book is devoted to introducing characters and establishing their personalities through extensive, extensive dialogue and flashbacks.
* DoNotAdjustYourSet: Your radio set, anyway.
* DontThinkFeel: [[{{Deconstruction}} Deconstructed]]. The villains of the piece base their economic policies on emotionalism and feelings and (what they call) 'love for others'.
* DoorStopper: It's nearly as long as the Bible, and is one of the longest fiction novels in English.
* DoubleStandard: Within the world of the novel. Dr. Ferris lampshades this when he [[{{Blackmail}} threatens]] Hank Rearden with the public revelation of his affair with Dagny, mentioning that Rearden's own "conquest" would be perceived as [[AManIsNotAVirgin normal]], even admirable by some, while Dagny would be seen as a slut and be totally dishonoured. The fear of tarnishing Dagny's good name is exactly what drives Rearden to cave in to the looters' demands. Possibly averted when Dagny ''proudly'' declares on public radio how she has been Rearden's mistress, and actually receives some ''admiration''.
* DrivingQuestion: The ArcWords.
* DystopiaIsHard: The more {{Dystopian Edict}}s that are passed and the more control the government gain for the greater good, the more screwed up things become.
* {{Egopolis}}: - Averted by Galt. Everyone else calls the hidden valley where the strikers are living "Galt's Gulch", but he calls it by its owner: "Mulligan's Valley". Played straight by the planned "Meigsville".
* ElectricTorture: Project F. Subverted in that once the machine breaks, ''none of the torturers know how to fix it.'' Galt calmly explains how to repair it, and a EurekaMoment ensues; They can't even '''hurt''' Galt without his assistance, and the {{Ubermensch}} '''''does not want to play anymore!''''' Cue the VillainousBreakdown!
* EvenEvilHasStandards: During the meeting to plan Directive 10-289, the question of what to do about any industrialists who are caught deserting is brought up. Dr. Ferris says that since the directive makes deserting a crime, it should be treated as treason, and perhaps the death penalty should be applied in such cases. Fred Kinnan instantly calls him out on it, and nobody ever brings up the thought again.
** Inverted later in the book, when violating Directive 10-289 means that you can no longer be legally employed and doomed to a slow death by starvation.
* EvilCannotComprehendGood: After capturing Galt, the various Looters try and talk him into helping them out. We see President Thompson's conversation at length, and it's clear he cannot understand anything Galt believes. The two talk past each other most of the time.
* EvilCounterpart:
** [[SelfMadeMan Hank Rearden]] and [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Orren Boyle]]. [[TheObiWan Hugh Akston]] and [[BrokenPedestal Robert Stadler]]. [[ScienceHero John Galt]] and [[FamilyValuesVillain Fred Kinnan]].
** Kinnan is particularly interesting: true to both this and Kinnan's trope, he's not just the only Looter who gives half a damn about his employees, he's the only one who's ''aware that they're going to lose''. He emerges from a meeting with Galt saying that he enjoyed the conversation, particularly Galt's BrutalHonesty, and then '''calmly admits''' that as a career criminal like himself would be pointless in a world without regulations, he would be "the first one to go down the drain '''''[[GracefulLoser when]]''''' (Galt) wins."
* [[FallenHero Fallen Mentor]]: Dr. Stadler was one of Galt, Danneskjold, and d'Anconia's mentors in college, and a confidant for Dagny.
* FamilyUnfriendlyAesop: Deliberately invoked, in-universe, as the book sought to argue against traditional definitions of morality. Specifically, it promotes selfishness as a virtue. It also argues for atheism and justifies sex as a moral triumph. MoralGuardians from all over the political spectrum flew into utter outrage these messages. GoreVidal (leftist) said Rand's philosophy was "perfect in its immorality," and the National Review's Whittaker Chambers (former Communist who became a Christian conservative) said that from every page in this book he could hear a voice calling "to a [[GodwinsLaw gas chamber]], go!" Thus, regardless of whether or not one agrees or disagrees with the aesops presented in Atlas Shrugged, they clearly fall under the category of "family unfriendly." Ayn Rand was no ally of traditional moral beliefs, after all. Furthermore, the book clearly indicates the opinion that someone being a member of family is no reason to love them, or respect them, in and of itself.
* FakeUltimateHero: James plays this to Cherryl after they meet.
* FalseFlagOperation: The siege of the Rearden Steel plant, which was planned to be passed off as a workers' riot to encourage Hank to accept the Steel Unification Plan.
* FascistButInefficient: The looters' policies end up turning America into this, with critical resource shortages, riots, greatly increased unemployment rates, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking trains not running on time]] all across the nation. By the end of the novel American society has pretty much collapsed.
* {{Fiction 500}}: Too many examples. The Taggarts, the D'Anconias, Midas Mulligan, and Hank Rearden are a few. Ironically, John Galt is ''not'' one.
* ForScience: Dr. Stadler supported the State Science Institute for the sake of freeing scientific research from the shackles of corporate funding. [[StartOfDarkness He started going downhill]] [[ItGotWorse from there]].
* GambitPileup: Heavily implied to be occurring in this world especially when it is revealed that Wesley Mouch, at one point the most powerful man in the United States, is "the zero at the meeting point of forces unleashed in destruction against one another" -- that is, he's enough of a non-entity to satisfy rival factions trying to put their "friends" in important positions and keep their enemies out. Also occurs every other page between the "businessmen" who are incapable of earning an honest living helping each other and stabbing each other in the back as the plot demands.
* GoodBadGirl: Dagny Taggart. She doesn't exactly have a world-beating sex drive, but she is absolutely guiltless about the sex she does have and has sex because she wants to have sex. She also engages in two relationships which would be considered morally controversial by some people's standards; first, a teenage passion with Francisco D'Anconia whilst they are underage, and second, an affair with married man Hank Rearden (which she gleefully rubs in his [[SexIsEvil prudish]] wife's face).
* GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex / GoodAdulteryBadAdultery: Dagny's affair with married man Hank Rearden is portrayed as an exalted, beautiful and fulfilling relationship, wheras Hank's wife Lillian (a villain) believes SexIsEvil and uses Hank's guilt over his fondness for sex to control and manipulate him. In contrast, James Taggart's one-night stand with Lillian is treated as disgusting, as those involved are doing so not out of their enjoyment of the act itself, ''but out of their (mistaken) belief that the act will somehow harm Hank Rearden.'' '''James actually calls Lillian "Mrs. Rearden"''' '''''as he gets off.'''''
* {{Gotterdammerung}}: Rand saw the "[[SelfMadeMan men of the mind]]" as Gods...
* GrailInTheGarbage: The revolutionary, but abandoned, motor at the remains of the Twentieth Century Motor Company, which is a metaphor for the importance of reason as a whole and what the world of the novel has allowed to be done to it.
* HaveAGayOldTime:
** [Dagny saw that Rearden] "had the gayest smile she had ever seen."
** The term gay is used frequently in Atlas Shrugged, including Hank Rearden proclaiming that “he liked to see people being gay, even if he didn't understand this kind of enjoyment”. This kind of enjoyment referred to the party his wife was throwing.
** Dagny Taggart finds Francisco d'Anconia “sitting on the floor playing with his marbles”.
** Many events and items (like Galt's motor) are queer.
** Oh and Orren Boyle's personal spin doctor is [[FriendToAllChildren overly fond of children]].
* HeelRealization: Taggart has one, then [[GoMadFromTheRevelation goes nuts]], after realizing that he wants to break Galt's spirit even if it kills both Galt and himself.
* HeroWithBadPublicity: Intentionally.
* HiddenElfVillage: Galt's Gulch - Unbuilt. Although the valley is shielded from the outside world by Galt's hologram device, the strikers spend only one month out of each year there solely as a "vacation" from the corrosive mediocrity of the outside world, so that they can express themselves freely.
* HiddenInPlainSight: The tactic of the strikers. Many of them take menial jobs in "hell" (the world at large) and don't even bother to use fake names. John Galt works as a track laborer at Taggart Transcontinental for over a decade.
* HiddenVillain: Subverted. Mr. Thompson is just as meaningless as all his lackeys.
* HobbesWasRight: Whenever a looter's [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans utopian plan]] for a world without self-interest [[FailureIsTheOnlyOption goes bad]], they will claim the failure is due to [[NeverMyFault this trope]]. The novel very much insinuates that Hobbes was ''wrong'', and Galt deconstructs this trope in his speech when he mentions that those who damn humanity should have a good look at the moral code they are judging humanity by.
* HoldingOutForAHero: One of the central themes of the book, the looters can't get anything done on their own. At one point, the government tries to force John Galt to help them. He says no.
* HonorBeforeReason: Eddie Willers' last-ditch expedition to re-establish transcontinental rail service. Dagny tries but fails to talk him out of it. This results in what may very possibly lead to a [[DownerEnding downer ending]] for Eddie, which can be considered a [[FamilyUnfriendlyAesop Family Unfriendly Aesop]].
* HopeSpot: The immediate aftermath of the first ride on the John Galt Line. For a brief moment, it looks like Rearden, Dagny and Wyatt might well be able to save the country in spite of its leadership. Things don't work out that way, as Wyatt predicted.
* HoYay: Hank Rearden and Francisco d'Anconia. "Greatest conquest" indeed.
* HumansAreSpecial: John Galt's view is that humans are the only species that use ''reason'' to survive and achieve, as well as the only species to be capable of deliberate self-destruction. About half of Galt's CharacterFilibuster reads like a PatrickStewartSpeech about the virtues of human beings at their best.
* HumanityOnTrial: Averted. John Galt claims in his [[CharacterFilibuster speech]] that the world ''is'' on trial, but humanity is ''not'' the defendant: Its moral code ''is''. And how.
* {{Hypocrite}}: The brothers who ran the 20th Century Motor Company into the ground. They preach equality and Communism but spend lavish amounts of money on parties and fancy cars. Interestingly, however, the most terrifying sibling executive was the sister, who was completely and totally sincere about her philosophy.
* [[IDontPayYouToThink I Don't Pay You To Think]]: Directive 10-289, the "moratorium on brains," chains all existing employees to their jobs, with a potential penalty of jail for any that quit. If any do quit, anyway (or lose their job for other reasons), that job is then assigned to someone else by a government committee, regardless of that person's ability to actually do the job. "There had been a time when he had been expected to think. Now, they didn't want him to think. Only to obey."
* IJustWantToBeLoved: [[DeconstructedTrope Deconstructed]] and [[GenderFlip gender-flipped]] via James Taggart. He doesn't want to be loved for his money, his [[SarcasmMode skills]], the pleasure of his company... no, he wants to be loved for himself. Not for any benefit he can bring into one's life (after all, that would be selfish!). He wants to be loved for ''himself'', or ultimately he wants to be loved for no reason at all.
* [[ImNotHereToMakeFriends I'm Not Here To Make Friends]]: "I don't give a damn about 'the public good'. I'm running a business."
* InferredHolocaust: Actually ''stated.'' When the lights of New York go out, Galt's Gulch is the ''last'' industrial power on Earth.
* InYourNatureToDestroyYourselves: Averted. John Galt claims that humanity has been acting to destroy itself for most of its history: however, this is ''not'' insinuated to be part of basic human nature, but a choice made based on the attempt to follow [[FamilyUnfriendlyAesop bad philosophies such as altruism]] and mysticism. He also claims that those whose nature ''is'' to destroy themselves, such as James Taggart, would have long ago if the productive hadn't kept enabling them.
* InsultBackfire: Midas Mulligan, banker and striker; he legally changed his name from "Michael" when his enemies gave him the nickname.
* IronicEcho: Stadtler considers [[MyGreatestFailure his greatest failure]] to be a student with "the kind of intelligence one expects to see, in the future, changing the course of the world" which "vanished without a trace into the great unknown of mediocrity." Rearden pessimistically says that if the creator of the super-motor was still alive, "The whole world would know his name by now." Ivy Starnes remembers the second man to quit when she took over Twentieth Century Motors, but not the first - "He wasn't anybody important." Akston slyly notes that though he knows the student Stadtler speaks of, but that "[[ExactWords His name would mean nothing to you.]] [[FromACertainPointOfView He is not famous.]]" The man's name? '''''[[ArcWords "Who is John Galt?"]]'''''
* ItAmusedMe: At first played straight, and later subverted, with Francisco d'Anconia who tells Dagny that the purposefully orchestrated San Sebastian disaster was “much funnier” than a recent divorce scandal. He also doesn't deny it when Dagny accuses of him “seeking a thrill” by destroying industry and swindling dumb investors.
* ItIsBeyondSaving: John Galt and his followers feel this way about America.
* ItsAllAboutMe: {{Subverted}}. The good characters would swing from the chandelier to proclaim their own selfishness but seem to be the only characters in the story actually concerned with each other's welfare. The evil characters vocally proclaim themselves paragons of selflesness but actually only care about destruction.
* ItsAllJunk: Hank Rearden, when he realizes and accepts that his company, Rearden Steel, is a lost cause.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy:
** Deconstructed, but ''still'' played straight; Rand defined Romantic love as a capitalist exchange of values like any other; affection for affection, gratification for gratification. Under this definition, a {{Yandere}} would be just another Looter, gratifying themselves with their "beloved's" pain: - better to break it off cleanly. And one vertex of a love triangle breaking away before things are settled will only leave ''everyone'' bitter about what could have been.
** Played straight with Rearden and Dagny. He doesn't seem that upset when he realizes Dagny's public confession of being his mistress refers to him in the past tense means she found someone else.
* IWasJustPassingThrough: This trope is virtually a way of life for the strikers.
* JamesBondage: Galt during his electrical torture scene.
* JustBeforeTheEnd: The entire book is the fall of industrial society.
* JustJokingJustification: Lillian Rearden often uses this as her excuse after insulting Hank.
* JustLikeRobinHood: ''[[{{Inversion}} inverted]]'' with Ragnar Danneskjold, kinda. He steals from the Government relief convoys to hasten the end and get hard currency for those whose property was taken so they can rebuild after the strike.
* JustPlaneWrong: Averted by simply not getting too technical, right up until Dagny's crash, where she follows the other aircraft's "taillights" and clings to the "steering wheel." Also, she tends to "leap behind the wheel" and take off without any kind of preflight--which is not impossible, just inadvisable.
* KickTheDog:
** Dr. Stadler admitting to Dagny that the State Science Institute is launching a smear campaign against Rearden Metal because it makes them look incompetent, and then deliberately choosing not to tell the truth about it because he believes that life in society means that someone always has to be sacrificed. He doesn't want it to be the Institute.
** This is pretty much James Taggart's ''modus operandi'' whenever he appears.
* KingIncognito: John Galt spent his time out of the Gulch as an unskilled laborer at Taggart Transcontinental: - the same one Eddie Willers exposited to regularly.
* KirkSummation: Galt gives several while he's being held captive.
* LatinLover: Subverted with Francisco D'Anconia, who hails from Argentina and is a shameless womanizer...but only in his disguise while striking. Played straight in his relationship with Dagny, although even then she is only attracted to him for his talent.
* LivingLegend: Who is John Galt?
* LostWorld: Galt's Gulch, where industry produces miracles like it used to.
* LoveDodecahedron: Revolving around Dagny.
* LoveRedeems: Subverted by James Taggart's courtship of Cherryl Brooks from the dime store.
* MacGuffin:
** The generator Dagny finds that can convert atmospheric energy into electricity and revolutionize the industrial world.
** Wesley Mouch can arguably be called a human MacGuffin. While not appearing for an amazing length of time, he is able to stay prominent in the plot by being a giant hammer over the heads of the protagonists due to his new position.
* MeaningfulName: In addition to the character last names being a sign of their personality, companies with the names of people strapped to them are usually good, while companies with names like National, United or Amalgamated are ObviouslyEvil[[TradeSnark (TM)]].
* MessianicArchetype: Galt, complete with a CrucifiedHeroShot as he's enduring ElectricTorture at the hands of the villains. Subverted, since he's not acting out of altruism.
* TheMole: Eddie Willers, unknowingly, in a way. He tells everything about what's happening with Dangy Taggart and Taggart Transcontinental to a man in a cafe, not realizing that man is John Galt.
* MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate: Averted. Several characters on the looter side have doctorates, such as Dr. Ferris (who is a biologist by training), Dr. Simon Pritchett, and Dr. Stadler. However, it is not insinuated that university education ''itself'' is bad: Fred Kinnan, the most clear-headed and honest of the looters, once says that he is clear on things "because he never went to college", but it's heavily implied that this is because the philosophy of the looters has taken over the education system in this world, not because intellectualism is bad on its own.
* MyGirlIsNotASlut: [[GenderFlip Gender Flipped]] and [[SubvertedTrope subverted]]. After Hank Rearden and Dagny Taggart's first sex scene, it is ''Hank'' that plays the "fallen woman" routine; he pleads for Dagny's forgiveness for [[SexIsEvil "debasing himself by giving in to his low, animalistic desires"]]. [[AuthorAvatar Dagny]] considers it utterly ridiculous that anyone could ''possibly'' hold such shame for being a sexual creature, and bursts out into laughter.
* NamesTheSame:
** Dagny's brother has nothing to do with [[{{Taggart}} a Scottish detective who solves murders]].
** Or with [[VideoGame/WingCommander a Scottish (well, actually Venusian) fighter pilot/secret agent/politician]], either.
* NeverMyFault: Pretty much every unadmirable character in the book will refuse to take responsibility for things which they actually ''are'' responsible for. Contrast this with the heroes, who will take responsibility or downright abuse even when they morally shouldn't. The latter approach is treated much more favourably, but it's also insinuated that both these tropes are examples of refusing to acknowledge reality.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Dagny accidentally ''leads'' the Looters to Galt.
* NonIdleRich: Most of the heroic businesspeople, such as Dagny Taggart, Midas Mulligan and Hank Rearden will be this, having already made millions of dollars but staying in business pretty much because they love doing it. The entire D'Anconia family also counts: although Francisco pretends to be a [[RichIdiotWithNoDayJob worthless playboy]] for a while as part of his cover when striking.
* NoPlansNoPrototypeNoBackup: Subverted for Galt's Engine. He left ''all three'' behind at the Starnes Motor Company, and all it did was ''suggest'' that it existed. Looters(both high and common) tear up the engine and components for spare parts, and leave the papers to rot. Even when Dagny realizes what she has, almost all of the "engineers" she calls upon to study the remains refuse to believe it could work. Plans, prototypes and backups are only useful to people of the same degree of intelligence as their inventors.
* NuclearWeaponsTaboo: Nukes may have not yet even been around when the idea behind Project Xylophone came together.
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny: By the end of the novel every country in the world sans the United States is a "People's State" (read: a communist dictatorship).
* {{Pirate}}: Ragnar Danneskjold, who is also an AlternateCharacterInterpretation of ''RobinHood'' that walks like a man.
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: The world is just filled to the brim with these.
* ObviouslyEvil: The evil characters are all physically grotesque with either bulbous nose or a potbelly or watery eyes or bad posture and have ridiculous names like Orren Boyle, Wesley Mouch and Tinky Holloway. The good characters by contrast are always tall, thin and handsome with haughty, angular faces and good posture. {{Subverted}} with Midas Mulligan, a good guy who is short and stocky and again with Dr. Ferris, the book's most evil vilain who is given no description other than being tall, thin and graceful.
* PeaceAndLoveIncorporated:
** All of the villainous businessmen claim to be working only for "the public good", while in fact they are [[CorruptCorporateExecutive anything]] [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections but]]. The heroic businessmen make no secret of the fact they are only out to make money: or so it seems. Most seem to actually be motivated more by [[DoingItForTheArt the love of running a business well]] than anything.
** Twentieth Century Motors under the leadership of the Starnes children is a notable example. The two brothers were pretty much hypocrites, but Ivy Starnes was quite sincere and had no interest in money. The workers found her to be the most loathsome of the three siblings.
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny: Almost all of the non-U.S. countries have become "People's States" of some sort.
* PetTheDog: Dr. Stadler shows genuine interest in the motor which Dagny finds, and his speech about how he is so pleased to see a new, brilliant idea which is not his own is very touching. For a while it seems he may have [[HopeSpot some hope of redemption]] as he recommends a scientist who may be able to reconstruct it to Dagny...[[ItGotWorse it didn't last]] though.
* PropagandaMachine: The press, as seen starting with the campaign to slander Rearden Metal.
* ProudMerchantRace: Galt's followers although the more scientifically inclined combine this with ProudScholarRace.
* PulpMagazine: Many bits of the novel read a ''lot'' like an adventure from a pulp magazine of the era. Hidden valley utopias, unlikely scientific inventions, doomsday machines, villainous villains, heroic heroes, airplane chases, secret conspiracies . . . and Galt ends up looking a ''lot'' like Doc Savage.
* RailroadBaron: Dagny and James Taggart.
* RaygunGothic: An adamantium like metal, portable X-Ray machines, and a WeaponOfMassDestruction powered by sound are several examples of the "futuristic" tech in AtlasShrugged.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: Tony the "Wet Nurse"
* TheRedSonja: Dagny Taggart
* RichIdiotWithNoDayJob: This is Francisco d'Anconia's ObfuscatingStupidity.
* SadisticChoice: The Tunnel Disaster is a series of these for everyone involved who was paying attention.
* ScienceIsBad: Various characters believe this, especially Balph Eubank who believes that machines have destroyed humanity's connection to the earth, to the point where women are now [[StayInTheKitchen running railroads instead of raising children]]. Averted with Dr. Stadler, however: He has become a villain but this is only because he is using science to serve the looters.
* ScienceMarchesOn: Trains and radios being impressively important, a copper-iron alloy is set to replace steel, palm-activated locks are popular...
* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules:
** Hank Rearden turns down a large lump payment of government money for the rights to Rearden Metal, because he is proud of the fact that he invented it and of the ''honest'' money he could make with it.
** Promising young scientist Quentin Daniels turned down Dr. Stadler's offer of a presumedly prestigious post at the State Science Institute due to his views on governmental involvement in science. When Dagny first meets him, he is working as [[AlmightyJanitor night watchman at an abandoned technical institute]].
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections: The bonds of [[{{Blackmail}} "friendship"]] among the looters, a.k.a. the "Aristocracy of Pull".
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney:
** Hank Rearden resorts to this when he finally decides to divorce his wife Lillian.
** Dagny does this to a couple of legislators during the construction of the John Galt Line. However, it is implied that the rules she is bribing to get around are just [[ObstructiveBureaucrat obstructive red tape]]. She also orders her employees to bribe any officials trying to hinder new track being laid around the Taggart Tunnel after its cave-in, but since the government has [[MoralEventHorizon passed Directive 10-289 at that point]] she can't really be blamed.
* ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem: The looters frequently resort to "public-spirited" laws with [[LoopholeAbuse huge loopholes]] meant to hurt their enemies, like the "Anti Dog-Eat-Dog Rule" or Directive 10-289.
* ScrewTHiIAmOuttaHere: The job deserters after Directive 10-289.
* SelfImmolation: Subverted. When a government committee tries to get Hank Rearden to agree to participate in a ''Steel Unification Plan'', he points out it's basically a scheme to confiscate his wealth in order to give it to his largest competitor, because it would force him to immolate his company by operating at a loss until he went bankrupt. When told that the measure was only temporary, Rearden points out, "There is no such thing as a temporary suicide."
* SelfMadeMan:
** Hank Rearden, John Galt. Most of the minor heroic industrialists, such as the Starnes heirs' father, are also hinted or outright stated to be this.
** Inverted by Orren Boyle, who likes to present himself as one of these but in fact got the majority of his head start using a hundred million dollar loan from the government.
** Francisco d'Anconia abandons his wealth and secretly works at a copper mine for ten years, rising to run it, just so he can prove he could be one.
* SeriousBusiness: A whole philosophy and cult of personality sprang up around Ayn Rand and her literature. The philosophy itself is still going; the cult of personality has significantly waned (especially after she died).
* [[SexIsEvilAndIAmHorny Sex is Evil and I am Horny]]: Rearden says exactly this after his first time with Dagny, who promptly tells him he's being stupid.
* ShutUpHannibal
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: ''Very'' cynical in its appraisal of the motivations of high government officials who wish to exercise control over the country. However, Rand had a decidedly idealistic take on humanity as a whole, or at least human potential, and she also argued for a very benevolent conception of the world itself (i.e. she denied any person's joy need come at any other person's cost).
* SmugSnake: If you're not a Striker or a {{Muggle}}, you're a Looter and smug about it. But ''especially'' Dr. Floyd "Why Do You Think You Think" Ferris.
* SmokingIsCool: Rand certainly thinks so. "Fire, a dangerous force, tamed at his fingertips..." "When a man thinks, there is a spot of fire alive in his mind—and it's proper that he should have the burning point of a cigarette as his one expression." When someone lights up in the book, it's used as a metaphor by Rand for ''thinking''. All the Strikers smoke - and the rare handmade cigarettes from Galt's Gulch, "stamped with the sign of the dollar", are a major plot device.
* StayInTheKitchen: The opinion of [[ValuesDissonance progressive-minded author]] Balph Eubank on the role of women. He sees Dagny's position of railroad executive as unnatural and wrong.
* SteelMill: The one at Rearden Steel headquarters is given some description. Unusually for the setting, it is described positively.
* StrawmanPolitical: Most of the villains.
* StrawLoser: Lee Hunsacker, former wannabe big industrialist who sued banker Midas Mulligan for refusing to give him a loan he couldn't possibly pay back, hates everybody and everything for not "giving him a chance", and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking refuses to do the dishes]].
* TakeThat: Earns more than a few. The book itself throws the middle finger at Christianity, Marxism and all their intellectual and philosophical descendants (and antecedents, too). There are a handful of specific people targeted: several of the looters say "in the long run we're all dead," which is a verbatim quote from economist John Maynard Keynes. When President Thompson signs the most odious of the economic legislation, he says the government will keep trying different tactics until something works. Franklin Roosevelt said much the same thing when launching The New Deal.
* TakingYouWithMe: Oil tycoon Ellis Wyatt sets his fields ablaze as a parting shot before disappearing.
* [[TalkingTheMonsterToDeath Talking The Reader To Death]]
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: John Galt's Speech, three whole hours of uninterrupted castigating that no one can escape from.
* TitleDrop: Unintentional, with the novel being renamed as publication neared.
* TheTrickster: John Galt, Francisco d'Anconia and Ragnar Danneskjold.
* TrueArtIsAngsty: In-universe example - Balph Eubank is a major proponent of this idea. It says something that no book of his has ever sold more than three thousand copies. So, he proposes a law which states that [[IfICantHaveYou ten thousand copies is the maximum legal sale limit for any book]]...
* TrueArtIsIncomprehensible: Once again seen in-universe. The preferred philosophy of modern academia in the book. During Lillian Rearden's party, a group of unadmirable pseudo-intellectual types gather and talk about how plot in fiction, and melody in music, are completely unnecessary.
* {{Ubermensch}}: All of the heroes are or ultimately become this.
* UnclePennybags: Hank Rearden is this to his mother and brother Phillip as well as to his friend, the unsuccessful businessman Paul Larkin. Unfortunately they all betray his generosity in one way or another - His mother and brother live off Rearden's money while making no effort to support themselves or even ''be nice to him'', and Paul Larkin ends up betraying Rearden by forming a coalition with the looters which would legally force Rearden to sell Larkin his ore mines.
* UnluckyChildhoodFriend: Eddie Willers; Francisco d'Anconia.
* UnPerson: The dedication to Nathaniel Branden was removed in later printings of the book after his falling-out with Ayn Rand.
* {{Unobtainium}}: Rearden Metal
* UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans: The government, the public, the heroes. Pretty much everybody. Done intentionally.
* TheVamp: Lillian Rearden, who we discover married Hank just to drive him to have an affair and break his spirit.
* ViewersAreMorons: In-universe: Dr. Floyd Ferris writes the propaganda piece ''Why Do You Think You Think?'' for the general public, whom he believes have the intellectual ability of "drunken louts", and Dr. Stadler agrees with his premise enough to not publicly protest his methods, even though Ferris has cited Stadler's own research, completely out of context, to prove his points. Stadler's agreement with this trope is also why he had the State Science Institute founded in the first place. Many regular people in this universe seem to play this trope straight, although it is also hinted that acting on it is actually [[SelfFulfillingProphecy causing it to become true]].
* VillainBall: The looters' policies hurt the protagonists a lot, but hardly benefit the looters themselves. Especially [[{{Egregious}} egregious]] when several laws are passed as part of a plot to 'kill Colorado'.
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: The looters in general.
* WeCanRuleTogether: The looters try to make this offer to Galt at gunpoint after ''the speech''. He points out that all they need to do to save their civilization is start releasing controls, but they refuse, saying that that's not his concern - they just want him to "do ''something''", refusing to accept that their controls are what is causing civilization to collapse. By the end, they're torturing him to force him to become their leader.
* WhatWeNowKnowToBeTrue: Galt's engine is called out as working on a new principle and proving several laws of physics to be false.
* WhoAreYou: The final chapter of Atlas Shrugged does this with Ragnar Danneskjöld, who only has to say his name to inspire fear.
* AWorldHalfFull: Despite all the social and economic collapse, the world of the novel is really one of these, as it is clear that evil and suffering are completely unnecessary and will collapse in on themselves once the good stops feeding them.
* WorldOfSnark.
* WorthyOpponent: Dagny's favorite type of people.
* WritersCannotDoMath:
** A particularly [[{{Egregious}} egregious]] example. When the first train is riding on the John Galt Line, we are given the following bits of information, in three ''successive'' sentences:
** The train passes a signal light 'every few seconds';
** The distance between each signal light and the next is two miles;
** The train is doing a hundred miles an hour.
** Now, if the train is really travelling at a hundred miles an hour, it will take (3600/(100/2)) = ''72'' seconds to cover a distance of two miles, i.e. well over a minute. Then again, perhaps Ayn Rand had a different concept of 'a few seconds' than most people.
* YeGoodeOldeDays: The Looters look at the collapse of industrial civilization with a degree of satisfaction as a return to these; Dagny is present as they comment on the stability of newformed Indian feudalism, and is horrified when none care about how many are suffering and dying for lack of modern necessities [[strike:luxuries]] such as ''drinkable water.''
* YouFailEngineeringForever:
** A diesel train is stated to have an average speed of one hundred miles an hour (yes, "average", not "maximum") on a track with lots of turns and steep grades. Compare with modern trains on routes through the Rocky Mountains, equipped with far more powerful and efficient locomotives, where an average speed of forty MPH is considered fast.
** Even worse, Dagny and Hank find a wrecked 'electrical motor' in an abandoned factory and go on to discuss 'motors' at length. From their dialogue and internal monologue, it's obvious that they're actually talking about generators, which do the ''exact opposite'' of what motors do. [[hottip:*:Generators convert kinetic energy into electrical energy; motors convert electrical energy into kinetic energy.]] [[InformedAbility And Dagny is supposed to have studied engineering in college.]]
** Railroad rails should not be made of hard steel; the repeated flexing under the rolling wheels would lead to brittle fracture, making a harder steel a far worse alternative than current hot-rolled mild steel. Having an induction-hardened head will reduce wear, but the most important characteristic of a railroad rail is actually ductility, the ability to deform slightly under the load and spring back to its original shape.

!!This film provides examples of:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* BigNo: Dagny, after seeing Wyatt's oil fields in flame beyond a sign reading, "I am leaving it as I found it. Take over. It's yours."
* CastingGag: Possible: One of Dagny's enemies is played the actor who was both [[StarTrekDeepSpaceNine Quark]], an alien who's [[PlanetOfHats "Hat"]] is greed and business prowess, and [[{{Bioshock}} Andrew Ryan]], a parody of Ayn Rand.
* CoincidentalBroadcast: Subverted. Eddie calls Dagny and tells her to turn on the TV for a report on a train wreck, but the first channel she turns to is just giving the stock report.
* CaliforniaDoubling: One of the great things about this movie's depiction of Wisconsin is [[AustinPowers how it looks NOTHING at all like Southern California]].
* SchizoTech: Set in [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture 2016]], trains reign supreme due to Galt's plan exaberating the 2011 economic troubles, resulting in oil shortages.
* SequelHook: Invoked, as it's supposed to be a trilogy of films.
* WhoAreYou: Midas Mulligan's last words before he vanishes.

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<<|AnAesop|>>

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-> ''"For twelve years, you have been asking: [[ArcWords Who is John Galt?]] [[DoNotAdjustYourSet This is John Galt speaking.]] I am the man who loves his life. I am the man who does not sacrifice his love or his values. I am the man who has deprived you of victims and thus has destroyed your world, and if you wish to know why you are perishing, you who dread knowledge: I am the man who will now tell you."''
->--'''John Galt''' beginning a [[Quotes/AtlasShrugged very, very,]] [[RuleofThree very]] [[Quotes/AtlasShrugged long]] speech.

It's TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture. The government is [[StrawmanPolitical evil and stupid]], intent on [[TheTwoCertaintiesInBritain draining]] the decent, productive, people dry. The average Joe is clamped hard on the [[MarySuetopia government teat]], and [[VillainWithGoodPublicity happy about it]]. The people are LesCollaborateurs, busy [[CorruptCorporateExecutive gaming]] the system for every drop before it crashes, or [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans self-deluded]] fools certain they can fix everything with just a LITTLE more control. There is no [[LaResistance public resistance]].

Worse, the [[ApatheticCitizens few people]] who are still productive are [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere disappearing, one by one.]] No one ever hears from them again, and their friends and relatives are left with nothing but a question:

"[[DrivingQuestion Who is John Galt?]]"

Welcome to the world of AynRand's ''AtlasShrugged''.

The title is based on a popular misconception that in Greek mythology Atlas carried the world on his back; as Hank and Francisco [[TitleDrop discuss during the book]], if he ever tired of carrying that weight on his shoulders, all he needed to do was shrug, and it would fall off. The working title for the novel, before its publication, was ''The Strike.''

The book is most widely known for its condemnation of religion and altruism, as well as its support of free-market classical liberalism (which Rand called "Capitalism," although Marxists and Anarchists use the term "Capitalism" in a completely different sense). Other themes include its celebration of the individual and the argument that [[MiseryBuildsCharacter suffering]] is ''not'' a necessary part of the human condition.

For those that are interested in the technical details of Rand's ideas, there is a Useful Notes page on UsefulNotes/{{Objectivism}} (warning: RL politics/philosophy ahead).

A [[FilmOfTheBook film adaptation]] of the book's first part was released on April 15th, 2011 after decades in DevelopmentHell.

----
%%To be clear, this page is about describing ''Atlas Shrugged''. If you wish to evaluate it, please feel free to contribute to the review section. No [[ComplainingAboutShowsYouDontLike complaining about philosophies you disagree with]], please.

!!This book provides examples of:

* AchillesInHisTent: The idea behind John Galt's strike.
* AlmightyJanitor: All of the strikers, including highly capable people, agree to take nothing but the equivalent of minimum-wage jobs in order to avoid contributing their minds to the looters' system. Notably, scientific genius John Galt works at Taggart Transcontinental as an unskilled railroad hand for ten years.
* AlternateHistory: A possible explanation that has been proposed for importance of radios, trains, and the lack of post-WWII technology is that the timeline splits around the '30s when FDR is elected, resulting in decades of stagnation, and major events such as World War II never happened in this universe.
* AmbitionIsEvil: The book's villains think this. The protagonists repeatedly say the exact opposite: they consider the ''lack'' of ambition to be the ultimate evil. The latter point is one of the book's main [[AnAesop Aesops]].
* AmericaSavesTheDay: Simultaneously averted and played straight. Averted in that in the world of the novel, the USA is [[JustBeforeTheEnd well on track]] to becoming just like the [[CommieLand People's States]] it regularly sends government aid to (and, by the end of the novel, American society has indeed collapsed). Two heroes (D'Anconia and Ragnar The [[WarriorPoet Philosopher Pirate]]) are Argentinian and Scandinavian, respectively. Present in that all of the novel's heroes extol (what they refer to as) American values and the majesty of a country founded on the pursuit of individual happiness. By the end of the novel all the productive people are living in lovely Colorado.
* AntiHero:
** Although Rand intended her protagonists to be morally unassailable, even many people who agree with the book's message don't perceive them as pure heroes.
** Dagny Taggart and Francisco D'Anconia are somewhere between Type III and Type IV, Hank Rearden is more of a Type II. John Galt is arguably a Type III, albeit only to his enemies.
* AppliedPhlebotinum: John Galt is a GadgeteerGenius with cast-iron lungs; Galt's Motor, Galt's Gulch's InvisibilityCloak, Galt's CoolPlane... There's also [[strike:Rearden]] "Miracle" Metal, and Project Xylophone (which also contains [[MadeOfExplodium Explodium]]).
* ArcWords: "How am I to know?","Check your premises", "Who are you to judge/think?", "He'll do ''something''!" "The whole world should know his name!" -- ''"Who is John Galt?"''
* {{Atlantis}}: John Galt's preferred nickname for [[strike:Galt's Gulch]] Mulligan's Valley.
* AuthorAvatar:
** WordOfGod (i.e. Rand herself) admits that she is the Fishwife in Galt's Gulch.
** Rand also referred to her real life husband-at-the-time as "my John Galt".
* AuthorFilibuster: As the AuthorFilibuster page itself says, "Eventually the question you ask stops being 'Who is John Galt?' and becomes 'When will John Galt shut up?'" AtlasShrugged has one of the longest examples in print, with 60 to 70 pages (depending on printing) of John Galt lecturing the entire world. There are other, shorter filibusters as well scattered through the book.
* AuthorTract: Arguably the TropeCodifier.
* BadassBookworm: Ragnar Danneskjold, the most fearsome pirate on the high seas, is also a philosophy major who enjoys reading Aristotle. He worked his way through college as a library clerk.
* BalanceBetweenGoodAndEvil: Actively averted: Rand's view was that evil is a parasite on the good of the world, which cannot survive without ''willing'' virtues to loot.
* {{Beauty Equals Goodness}}: All of the protagonists and members of Galt's Gulch are described as being exceptionally attractive, while the villains are generally described as pudgy and watery eyed. To be fair, however, Rand might have been trying to say that being talented, hard working, and passionate ''makes'' you attractive, and not the other way around.
* BettyAndVeronica:
** Hank Rearden and Francisco D'Anconia, with John Galt as ThirdOptionLoveInterest.
** Rand also [[DeconstructedTrope deconstructs the trope]] with the actress who joined the strike because she was typecast as the Veronica: - she was tired of having to play characters who were more interesting than the Betties in formula films while always losing to them in the end.
* BigGood: John Galt.
* {{Bishonen}}: Francisco d'Anconia and Ragnar Danneskjold.
* BrainDrain: This is John Galt's major plan: to drain ALL OF AMERICA
* BrickJoke: Remember how Dagny returns from Galt's Gulch just in time to hear that the engines from their star line and ''the cars from a coal run'' were being appropriated to pick up a shipment of '''grapefruit'''? Two-hundred and fifty pages later, after the looters have captured Galt, it's mentioned that Mr. Thompson's doctor had prescribed him grapefruit juice to help with an "epidemic" of colds. '''''And we learn of this because they just at that moment ran out of juice. Right up until the collapse, resources were put aside so the Head Of State could have grapefruit juice.'''''
* BrokenPedestal: Dr. Robert Stadler, brilliant and idealistic scientist who becomes just another part of the looters' machine.
* BrotherSisterTeam: Subverted with Dagny and James Taggart. While both are in major leadership roles at Taggart Transcontinental, it's Dagny who keeps the railroad running and James who keeps either harming its interests or advancing it through dishonest means.
* CainAndAbel: James and Dagny Taggart; Phillip and Hank Rearden.
* CharacterFilibuster: Quite a few. A ''three hour long'' speech appears verbatim, ''right before the climax''. After that, the rest look like zingers.
* ComicallySmallBribe: Inverted. Mr. Thompson tries to offer John Galt what he thinks are comically ''large'' bribes to cooperate with the government, such as a billion dollars in gold and total economic power over the whole country. Galt points out that, in fact, such money and power would only be of value to him once ''he'' creates said value himself, making them completely worthless.
* CompletelyMissingThePoint:
** After listening to Galt's three-hour long tirade about the evils of government interference in industry, the looters proceed to capture him and offer him the role of economic director, a job in which he will be free to run industry as he sees fit.
** After Dagny returns from her idyllic sojourn in Galt's Gulch, James Taggart (who probably majored in Missing the Point) brags about how much money he has made the railroad in her absence. He gloats, because all Dagny ever cared about was making lucre. He "made" that money by [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections pulling strings with his friends]] to get the government to give him outrageous subsidies and advantages. Dagny's... not impressed.
** James...again, after his sister's dynamo performance on Bertram Scudder's radio program. When Cheryl asks him about Dagny's comments, James responds by attacking Scudder and pointing out that he has been kicked off the radio. Cheryl becomes quite exasperated.
* ComplimentBackfire:
** Hank Rearden is thrown a banquet after the tremendous success of Taggart Transcontinental's Rearden Metal line, at which he is praised loudly for being someone who people desperately ''needs''. He's not very impressed.
** Composer Richard Halley joins the strike after the night his opera became a roaring success for the same reason.
* ConspicuousConsumption: Francisco d'Anconia became famous for this after adopting his [[RichIdiotWithNoDayJob playboy persona]]. James Taggart also goes on a spree of this later on. Notably averted with most of the heroic characters, even very rich ones: they may purchase extremely expensive objects, but do this for their quality rather than showing off how rich they are.
* ContemplateOurNavels: Many passages in the book are exactly this. JustifiedTrope given the [[PhilosophicalNovel genre]].
* CorruptCorporateExecutive: Various villains, notably James Taggart and Orren Boyle. The heroes have also been accused, in-universe, of embodying this trope.
* CorruptPolitician: Just about every politician in the book is either a weak, amoral slug or a deliberately destructive leech.
* CrapsackWorld: Intellectuals such as Balph Eubank and Simon Pritchett like to present the world as one of these, a place where [[DontThinkFeel reason and logic are useless]], [[CosmicHorrorStory man cannot achieve anything significant in the universe]], and [[MiseryBuildsCharacter suffering is the essence of life]]. The general state of the world seems to imply that they are right, except that ''[[SelfFulfillingProphecy their insistence on treating those opinions as fact is causing them to become true.]]'' In contrast, the Strikers use [[AwesomenessByAnalysis Genius]] and [[TheDeterminator Determination]] to [[EarnYourHappyEnding Earn Their Happy Ending.]]
* TheDarkSideWillMakeYouForget: Dr. Stadler
* DeadAir: After John Galt hacks the radio transmissions and delivers his speech, the other characters do anything to fill up the dead air afterward, but this is treated more as a FollowTheLeader response of the radio producers that came before them.
* DeadpanSnarker - Most of the good characters but particularly Dagny.
* {{Deconstruction}}: The chapter detailing the fate of the Twentieth Century Motor Company is a deconstruction of the Marxist slogan "From Each According to Ability, To Each According to Need." Ultimately, the plot of the novel is intended to be a deconstruction of traditional (i.e. altruistic) moral principles.
* DefeatMeansFriendship:
** The first guy to produce steel in Galt's Gulch is driven out of business when a better man joins the strikers. The beaten man happily works for the new steel producer, in a position which is a much better fit.
** The winner himself tells Dagny that he looks forward to the day when Rearden joins the strikers: Hank will certainly beat him, but it'll be an honorable defeat.
* DespairEventHorizon: Cheryl
* {{Determinator}}:
** Dagny, particularly in regards to how she finds Galt. She finds his plane, grabs her own, follows it until it seemingly dissapears into the side of a mountain, and follows.
** Hank Rearden went through countless failures before he finally invented a successful version of Rearden Metal.
* DevelopingDoomedCharacters: Galt, the hero, doesn't show up for about 700 pages. It takes the looters about 400 pages before they really start to screw up society. That "early" portion of the book is devoted to introducing characters and establishing their personalities through extensive, extensive dialogue and flashbacks.
* DoNotAdjustYourSet: Your radio set, anyway.
* DontThinkFeel: [[{{Deconstruction}} Deconstructed]]. The villains of the piece base their economic policies on emotionalism and feelings and (what they call) 'love for others'.
* DoorStopper: It's nearly as long as the Bible, and is one of the longest fiction novels in English.
* DoubleStandard: Within the world of the novel. Dr. Ferris lampshades this when he [[{{Blackmail}} threatens]] Hank Rearden with the public revelation of his affair with Dagny, mentioning that Rearden's own "conquest" would be perceived as [[AManIsNotAVirgin normal]], even admirable by some, while Dagny would be seen as a slut and be totally dishonoured. The fear of tarnishing Dagny's good name is exactly what drives Rearden to cave in to the looters' demands. Possibly averted when Dagny ''proudly'' declares on public radio how she has been Rearden's mistress, and actually receives some ''admiration''.
* DrivingQuestion: The ArcWords.
* DystopiaIsHard: The more {{Dystopian Edict}}s that are passed and the more control the government gain for the greater good, the more screwed up things become.
* {{Egopolis}}: - Averted by Galt. Everyone else calls the hidden valley where the strikers are living "Galt's Gulch", but he calls it by its owner: "Mulligan's Valley". Played straight by the planned "Meigsville".
* ElectricTorture: Project F. Subverted in that once the machine breaks, ''none of the torturers know how to fix it.'' Galt calmly explains how to repair it, and a EurekaMoment ensues; They can't even '''hurt''' Galt without his assistance, and the {{Ubermensch}} '''''does not want to play anymore!''''' Cue the VillainousBreakdown!
* EvenEvilHasStandards: During the meeting to plan Directive 10-289, the question of what to do about any industrialists who are caught deserting is brought up. Dr. Ferris says that since the directive makes deserting a crime, it should be treated as treason, and perhaps the death penalty should be applied in such cases. Fred Kinnan instantly calls him out on it, and nobody ever brings up the thought again.
** Inverted later in the book, when violating Directive 10-289 means that you can no longer be legally employed and doomed to a slow death by starvation.
* EvilCannotComprehendGood: After capturing Galt, the various Looters try and talk him into helping them out. We see President Thompson's conversation at length, and it's clear he cannot understand anything Galt believes. The two talk past each other most of the time.
* EvilCounterpart:
** [[SelfMadeMan Hank Rearden]] and [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Orren Boyle]]. [[TheObiWan Hugh Akston]] and [[BrokenPedestal Robert Stadler]]. [[ScienceHero John Galt]] and [[FamilyValuesVillain Fred Kinnan]].
** Kinnan is particularly interesting: true to both this and Kinnan's trope, he's not just the only Looter who gives half a damn about his employees, he's the only one who's ''aware that they're going to lose''. He emerges from a meeting with Galt saying that he enjoyed the conversation, particularly Galt's BrutalHonesty, and then '''calmly admits''' that as a career criminal like himself would be pointless in a world without regulations, he would be "the first one to go down the drain '''''[[GracefulLoser when]]''''' (Galt) wins."
* [[FallenHero Fallen Mentor]]: Dr. Stadler was one of Galt, Danneskjold, and d'Anconia's mentors in college, and a confidant for Dagny.
* FamilyUnfriendlyAesop: Deliberately invoked, in-universe, as the book sought to argue against traditional definitions of morality. Specifically, it promotes selfishness as a virtue. It also argues for atheism and justifies sex as a moral triumph. MoralGuardians from all over the political spectrum flew into utter outrage these messages. GoreVidal (leftist) said Rand's philosophy was "perfect in its immorality," and the National Review's Whittaker Chambers (former Communist who became a Christian conservative) said that from every page in this book he could hear a voice calling "to a [[GodwinsLaw gas chamber]], go!" Thus, regardless of whether or not one agrees or disagrees with the aesops presented in Atlas Shrugged, they clearly fall under the category of "family unfriendly." Ayn Rand was no ally of traditional moral beliefs, after all. Furthermore, the book clearly indicates the opinion that someone being a member of family is no reason to love them, or respect them, in and of itself.
* FakeUltimateHero: James plays this to Cherryl after they meet.
* FalseFlagOperation: The siege of the Rearden Steel plant, which was planned to be passed off as a workers' riot to encourage Hank to accept the Steel Unification Plan.
* FascistButInefficient: The looters' policies end up turning America into this, with critical resource shortages, riots, greatly increased unemployment rates, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking trains not running on time]] all across the nation. By the end of the novel American society has pretty much collapsed.
* {{Fiction 500}}: Too many examples. The Taggarts, the D'Anconias, Midas Mulligan, and Hank Rearden are a few. Ironically, John Galt is ''not'' one.
* ForScience: Dr. Stadler supported the State Science Institute for the sake of freeing scientific research from the shackles of corporate funding. [[StartOfDarkness He started going downhill]] [[ItGotWorse from there]].
* GambitPileup: Heavily implied to be occurring in this world especially when it is revealed that Wesley Mouch, at one point the most powerful man in the United States, is "the zero at the meeting point of forces unleashed in destruction against one another" -- that is, he's enough of a non-entity to satisfy rival factions trying to put their "friends" in important positions and keep their enemies out. Also occurs every other page between the "businessmen" who are incapable of earning an honest living helping each other and stabbing each other in the back as the plot demands.
* GoodBadGirl: Dagny Taggart. She doesn't exactly have a world-beating sex drive, but she is absolutely guiltless about the sex she does have and has sex because she wants to have sex. She also engages in two relationships which would be considered morally controversial by some people's standards; first, a teenage passion with Francisco D'Anconia whilst they are underage, and second, an affair with married man Hank Rearden (which she gleefully rubs in his [[SexIsEvil prudish]] wife's face).
* GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex / GoodAdulteryBadAdultery: Dagny's affair with married man Hank Rearden is portrayed as an exalted, beautiful and fulfilling relationship, wheras Hank's wife Lillian (a villain) believes SexIsEvil and uses Hank's guilt over his fondness for sex to control and manipulate him. In contrast, James Taggart's one-night stand with Lillian is treated as disgusting, as those involved are doing so not out of their enjoyment of the act itself, ''but out of their (mistaken) belief that the act will somehow harm Hank Rearden.'' '''James actually calls Lillian "Mrs. Rearden"''' '''''as he gets off.'''''
* {{Gotterdammerung}}: Rand saw the "[[SelfMadeMan men of the mind]]" as Gods...
* GrailInTheGarbage: The revolutionary, but abandoned, motor at the remains of the Twentieth Century Motor Company, which is a metaphor for the importance of reason as a whole and what the world of the novel has allowed to be done to it.
* HaveAGayOldTime:
** [Dagny saw that Rearden] "had the gayest smile she had ever seen."
** The term gay is used frequently in Atlas Shrugged, including Hank Rearden proclaiming that “he liked to see people being gay, even if he didn't understand this kind of enjoyment”. This kind of enjoyment referred to the party his wife was throwing.
** Dagny Taggart finds Francisco d'Anconia “sitting on the floor playing with his marbles”.
** Many events and items (like Galt's motor) are queer.
** Oh and Orren Boyle's personal spin doctor is [[FriendToAllChildren overly fond of children]].
* HeelRealization: Taggart has one, then [[GoMadFromTheRevelation goes nuts]], after realizing that he wants to break Galt's spirit even if it kills both Galt and himself.
* HeroWithBadPublicity: Intentionally.
* HiddenElfVillage: Galt's Gulch - Unbuilt. Although the valley is shielded from the outside world by Galt's hologram device, the strikers spend only one month out of each year there solely as a "vacation" from the corrosive mediocrity of the outside world, so that they can express themselves freely.
* HiddenInPlainSight: The tactic of the strikers. Many of them take menial jobs in "hell" (the world at large) and don't even bother to use fake names. John Galt works as a track laborer at Taggart Transcontinental for over a decade.
* HiddenVillain: Subverted. Mr. Thompson is just as meaningless as all his lackeys.
* HobbesWasRight: Whenever a looter's [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans utopian plan]] for a world without self-interest [[FailureIsTheOnlyOption goes bad]], they will claim the failure is due to [[NeverMyFault this trope]]. The novel very much insinuates that Hobbes was ''wrong'', and Galt deconstructs this trope in his speech when he mentions that those who damn humanity should have a good look at the moral code they are judging humanity by.
* HoldingOutForAHero: One of the central themes of the book, the looters can't get anything done on their own. At one point, the government tries to force John Galt to help them. He says no.
* HonorBeforeReason: Eddie Willers' last-ditch expedition to re-establish transcontinental rail service. Dagny tries but fails to talk him out of it. This results in what may very possibly lead to a [[DownerEnding downer ending]] for Eddie, which can be considered a [[FamilyUnfriendlyAesop Family Unfriendly Aesop]].
* HopeSpot: The immediate aftermath of the first ride on the John Galt Line. For a brief moment, it looks like Rearden, Dagny and Wyatt might well be able to save the country in spite of its leadership. Things don't work out that way, as Wyatt predicted.
* HoYay: Hank Rearden and Francisco d'Anconia. "Greatest conquest" indeed.
* HumansAreSpecial: John Galt's view is that humans are the only species that use ''reason'' to survive and achieve, as well as the only species to be capable of deliberate self-destruction. About half of Galt's CharacterFilibuster reads like a PatrickStewartSpeech about the virtues of human beings at their best.
* HumanityOnTrial: Averted. John Galt claims in his [[CharacterFilibuster speech]] that the world ''is'' on trial, but humanity is ''not'' the defendant: Its moral code ''is''. And how.
* {{Hypocrite}}: The brothers who ran the 20th Century Motor Company into the ground. They preach equality and Communism but spend lavish amounts of money on parties and fancy cars. Interestingly, however, the most terrifying sibling executive was the sister, who was completely and totally sincere about her philosophy.
* [[IDontPayYouToThink I Don't Pay You To Think]]: Directive 10-289, the "moratorium on brains," chains all existing employees to their jobs, with a potential penalty of jail for any that quit. If any do quit, anyway (or lose their job for other reasons), that job is then assigned to someone else by a government committee, regardless of that person's ability to actually do the job. "There had been a time when he had been expected to think. Now, they didn't want him to think. Only to obey."
* IJustWantToBeLoved: [[DeconstructedTrope Deconstructed]] and [[GenderFlip gender-flipped]] via James Taggart. He doesn't want to be loved for his money, his [[SarcasmMode skills]], the pleasure of his company... no, he wants to be loved for himself. Not for any benefit he can bring into one's life (after all, that would be selfish!). He wants to be loved for ''himself'', or ultimately he wants to be loved for no reason at all.
* [[ImNotHereToMakeFriends I'm Not Here To Make Friends]]: "I don't give a damn about 'the public good'. I'm running a business."
* InferredHolocaust: Actually ''stated.'' When the lights of New York go out, Galt's Gulch is the ''last'' industrial power on Earth.
* InYourNatureToDestroyYourselves: Averted. John Galt claims that humanity has been acting to destroy itself for most of its history: however, this is ''not'' insinuated to be part of basic human nature, but a choice made based on the attempt to follow [[FamilyUnfriendlyAesop bad philosophies such as altruism]] and mysticism. He also claims that those whose nature ''is'' to destroy themselves, such as James Taggart, would have long ago if the productive hadn't kept enabling them.
* InsultBackfire: Midas Mulligan, banker and striker; he legally changed his name from "Michael" when his enemies gave him the nickname.
* IronicEcho: Stadtler considers [[MyGreatestFailure his greatest failure]] to be a student with "the kind of intelligence one expects to see, in the future, changing the course of the world" which "vanished without a trace into the great unknown of mediocrity." Rearden pessimistically says that if the creator of the super-motor was still alive, "The whole world would know his name by now." Ivy Starnes remembers the second man to quit when she took over Twentieth Century Motors, but not the first - "He wasn't anybody important." Akston slyly notes that though he knows the student Stadtler speaks of, but that "[[ExactWords His name would mean nothing to you.]] [[FromACertainPointOfView He is not famous.]]" The man's name? '''''[[ArcWords "Who is John Galt?"]]'''''
* ItAmusedMe: At first played straight, and later subverted, with Francisco d'Anconia who tells Dagny that the purposefully orchestrated San Sebastian disaster was “much funnier” than a recent divorce scandal. He also doesn't deny it when Dagny accuses of him “seeking a thrill” by destroying industry and swindling dumb investors.
* ItIsBeyondSaving: John Galt and his followers feel this way about America.
* ItsAllAboutMe: {{Subverted}}. The good characters would swing from the chandelier to proclaim their own selfishness but seem to be the only characters in the story actually concerned with each other's welfare. The evil characters vocally proclaim themselves paragons of selflesness but actually only care about destruction.
* ItsAllJunk: Hank Rearden, when he realizes and accepts that his company, Rearden Steel, is a lost cause.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy:
** Deconstructed, but ''still'' played straight; Rand defined Romantic love as a capitalist exchange of values like any other; affection for affection, gratification for gratification. Under this definition, a {{Yandere}} would be just another Looter, gratifying themselves with their "beloved's" pain: - better to break it off cleanly. And one vertex of a love triangle breaking away before things are settled will only leave ''everyone'' bitter about what could have been.
** Played straight with Rearden and Dagny. He doesn't seem that upset when he realizes Dagny's public confession of being his mistress refers to him in the past tense means she found someone else.
* IWasJustPassingThrough: This trope is virtually a way of life for the strikers.
* JamesBondage: Galt during his electrical torture scene.
* JustBeforeTheEnd: The entire book is the fall of industrial society.
* JustJokingJustification: Lillian Rearden often uses this as her excuse after insulting Hank.
* JustLikeRobinHood: ''[[{{Inversion}} inverted]]'' with Ragnar Danneskjold, kinda. He steals from the Government relief convoys to hasten the end and get hard currency for those whose property was taken so they can rebuild after the strike.
* JustPlaneWrong: Averted by simply not getting too technical, right up until Dagny's crash, where she follows the other aircraft's "taillights" and clings to the "steering wheel." Also, she tends to "leap behind the wheel" and take off without any kind of preflight--which is not impossible, just inadvisable.
* KickTheDog:
** Dr. Stadler admitting to Dagny that the State Science Institute is launching a smear campaign against Rearden Metal because it makes them look incompetent, and then deliberately choosing not to tell the truth about it because he believes that life in society means that someone always has to be sacrificed. He doesn't want it to be the Institute.
** This is pretty much James Taggart's ''modus operandi'' whenever he appears.
* KingIncognito: John Galt spent his time out of the Gulch as an unskilled laborer at Taggart Transcontinental: - the same one Eddie Willers exposited to regularly.
* KirkSummation: Galt gives several while he's being held captive.
* LatinLover: Subverted with Francisco D'Anconia, who hails from Argentina and is a shameless womanizer...but only in his disguise while striking. Played straight in his relationship with Dagny, although even then she is only attracted to him for his talent.
* LivingLegend: Who is John Galt?
* LostWorld: Galt's Gulch, where industry produces miracles like it used to.
* LoveDodecahedron: Revolving around Dagny.
* LoveRedeems: Subverted by James Taggart's courtship of Cherryl Brooks from the dime store.
* MacGuffin:
** The generator Dagny finds that can convert atmospheric energy into electricity and revolutionize the industrial world.
** Wesley Mouch can arguably be called a human MacGuffin. While not appearing for an amazing length of time, he is able to stay prominent in the plot by being a giant hammer over the heads of the protagonists due to his new position.
* MeaningfulName: In addition to the character last names being a sign of their personality, companies with the names of people strapped to them are usually good, while companies with names like National, United or Amalgamated are ObviouslyEvil[[TradeSnark (TM)]].
* MessianicArchetype: Galt, complete with a CrucifiedHeroShot as he's enduring ElectricTorture at the hands of the villains. Subverted, since he's not acting out of altruism.
* TheMole: Eddie Willers, unknowingly, in a way. He tells everything about what's happening with Dangy Taggart and Taggart Transcontinental to a man in a cafe, not realizing that man is John Galt.
* MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate: Averted. Several characters on the looter side have doctorates, such as Dr. Ferris (who is a biologist by training), Dr. Simon Pritchett, and Dr. Stadler. However, it is not insinuated that university education ''itself'' is bad: Fred Kinnan, the most clear-headed and honest of the looters, once says that he is clear on things "because he never went to college", but it's heavily implied that this is because the philosophy of the looters has taken over the education system in this world, not because intellectualism is bad on its own.
* MyGirlIsNotASlut: [[GenderFlip Gender Flipped]] and [[SubvertedTrope subverted]]. After Hank Rearden and Dagny Taggart's first sex scene, it is ''Hank'' that plays the "fallen woman" routine; he pleads for Dagny's forgiveness for [[SexIsEvil "debasing himself by giving in to his low, animalistic desires"]]. [[AuthorAvatar Dagny]] considers it utterly ridiculous that anyone could ''possibly'' hold such shame for being a sexual creature, and bursts out into laughter.
* NamesTheSame:
** Dagny's brother has nothing to do with [[{{Taggart}} a Scottish detective who solves murders]].
** Or with [[VideoGame/WingCommander a Scottish (well, actually Venusian) fighter pilot/secret agent/politician]], either.
* NeverMyFault: Pretty much every unadmirable character in the book will refuse to take responsibility for things which they actually ''are'' responsible for. Contrast this with the heroes, who will take responsibility or downright abuse even when they morally shouldn't. The latter approach is treated much more favourably, but it's also insinuated that both these tropes are examples of refusing to acknowledge reality.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Dagny accidentally ''leads'' the Looters to Galt.
* NonIdleRich: Most of the heroic businesspeople, such as Dagny Taggart, Midas Mulligan and Hank Rearden will be this, having already made millions of dollars but staying in business pretty much because they love doing it. The entire D'Anconia family also counts: although Francisco pretends to be a [[RichIdiotWithNoDayJob worthless playboy]] for a while as part of his cover when striking.
* NoPlansNoPrototypeNoBackup: Subverted for Galt's Engine. He left ''all three'' behind at the Starnes Motor Company, and all it did was ''suggest'' that it existed. Looters(both high and common) tear up the engine and components for spare parts, and leave the papers to rot. Even when Dagny realizes what she has, almost all of the "engineers" she calls upon to study the remains refuse to believe it could work. Plans, prototypes and backups are only useful to people of the same degree of intelligence as their inventors.
* NuclearWeaponsTaboo: Nukes may have not yet even been around when the idea behind Project Xylophone came together.
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny: By the end of the novel every country in the world sans the United States is a "People's State" (read: a communist dictatorship).
* {{Pirate}}: Ragnar Danneskjold, who is also an AlternateCharacterInterpretation of ''RobinHood'' that walks like a man.
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: The world is just filled to the brim with these.
* ObviouslyEvil: The evil characters are all physically grotesque with either bulbous nose or a potbelly or watery eyes or bad posture and have ridiculous names like Orren Boyle, Wesley Mouch and Tinky Holloway. The good characters by contrast are always tall, thin and handsome with haughty, angular faces and good posture. {{Subverted}} with Midas Mulligan, a good guy who is short and stocky and again with Dr. Ferris, the book's most evil vilain who is given no description other than being tall, thin and graceful.
* PeaceAndLoveIncorporated:
** All of the villainous businessmen claim to be working only for "the public good", while in fact they are [[CorruptCorporateExecutive anything]] [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections but]]. The heroic businessmen make no secret of the fact they are only out to make money: or so it seems. Most seem to actually be motivated more by [[DoingItForTheArt the love of running a business well]] than anything.
** Twentieth Century Motors under the leadership of the Starnes children is a notable example. The two brothers were pretty much hypocrites, but Ivy Starnes was quite sincere and had no interest in money. The workers found her to be the most loathsome of the three siblings.
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny: Almost all of the non-U.S. countries have become "People's States" of some sort.
* PetTheDog: Dr. Stadler shows genuine interest in the motor which Dagny finds, and his speech about how he is so pleased to see a new, brilliant idea which is not his own is very touching. For a while it seems he may have [[HopeSpot some hope of redemption]] as he recommends a scientist who may be able to reconstruct it to Dagny...[[ItGotWorse it didn't last]] though.
* PropagandaMachine: The press, as seen starting with the campaign to slander Rearden Metal.
* ProudMerchantRace: Galt's followers although the more scientifically inclined combine this with ProudScholarRace.
* PulpMagazine: Many bits of the novel read a ''lot'' like an adventure from a pulp magazine of the era. Hidden valley utopias, unlikely scientific inventions, doomsday machines, villainous villains, heroic heroes, airplane chases, secret conspiracies . . . and Galt ends up looking a ''lot'' like Doc Savage.
* RailroadBaron: Dagny and James Taggart.
* RaygunGothic: An adamantium like metal, portable X-Ray machines, and a WeaponOfMassDestruction powered by sound are several examples of the "futuristic" tech in AtlasShrugged.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: Tony the "Wet Nurse"
* TheRedSonja: Dagny Taggart
* RichIdiotWithNoDayJob: This is Francisco d'Anconia's ObfuscatingStupidity.
* SadisticChoice: The Tunnel Disaster is a series of these for everyone involved who was paying attention.
* ScienceIsBad: Various characters believe this, especially Balph Eubank who believes that machines have destroyed humanity's connection to the earth, to the point where women are now [[StayInTheKitchen running railroads instead of raising children]]. Averted with Dr. Stadler, however: He has become a villain but this is only because he is using science to serve the looters.
* ScienceMarchesOn: Trains and radios being impressively important, a copper-iron alloy is set to replace steel, palm-activated locks are popular...
* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules:
** Hank Rearden turns down a large lump payment of government money for the rights to Rearden Metal, because he is proud of the fact that he invented it and of the ''honest'' money he could make with it.
** Promising young scientist Quentin Daniels turned down Dr. Stadler's offer of a presumedly prestigious post at the State Science Institute due to his views on governmental involvement in science. When Dagny first meets him, he is working as [[AlmightyJanitor night watchman at an abandoned technical institute]].
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections: The bonds of [[{{Blackmail}} "friendship"]] among the looters, a.k.a. the "Aristocracy of Pull".
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney:
** Hank Rearden resorts to this when he finally decides to divorce his wife Lillian.
** Dagny does this to a couple of legislators during the construction of the John Galt Line. However, it is implied that the rules she is bribing to get around are just [[ObstructiveBureaucrat obstructive red tape]]. She also orders her employees to bribe any officials trying to hinder new track being laid around the Taggart Tunnel after its cave-in, but since the government has [[MoralEventHorizon passed Directive 10-289 at that point]] she can't really be blamed.
* ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem: The looters frequently resort to "public-spirited" laws with [[LoopholeAbuse huge loopholes]] meant to hurt their enemies, like the "Anti Dog-Eat-Dog Rule" or Directive 10-289.
* ScrewTHiIAmOuttaHere: The job deserters after Directive 10-289.
* SelfImmolation: Subverted. When a government committee tries to get Hank Rearden to agree to participate in a ''Steel Unification Plan'', he points out it's basically a scheme to confiscate his wealth in order to give it to his largest competitor, because it would force him to immolate his company by operating at a loss until he went bankrupt. When told that the measure was only temporary, Rearden points out, "There is no such thing as a temporary suicide."
* SelfMadeMan:
** Hank Rearden, John Galt. Most of the minor heroic industrialists, such as the Starnes heirs' father, are also hinted or outright stated to be this.
** Inverted by Orren Boyle, who likes to present himself as one of these but in fact got the majority of his head start using a hundred million dollar loan from the government.
** Francisco d'Anconia abandons his wealth and secretly works at a copper mine for ten years, rising to run it, just so he can prove he could be one.
* SeriousBusiness: A whole philosophy and cult of personality sprang up around Ayn Rand and her literature. The philosophy itself is still going; the cult of personality has significantly waned (especially after she died).
* [[SexIsEvilAndIAmHorny Sex is Evil and I am Horny]]: Rearden says exactly this after his first time with Dagny, who promptly tells him he's being stupid.
* ShutUpHannibal
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: ''Very'' cynical in its appraisal of the motivations of high government officials who wish to exercise control over the country. However, Rand had a decidedly idealistic take on humanity as a whole, or at least human potential, and she also argued for a very benevolent conception of the world itself (i.e. she denied any person's joy need come at any other person's cost).
* SmugSnake: If you're not a Striker or a {{Muggle}}, you're a Looter and smug about it. But ''especially'' Dr. Floyd "Why Do You Think You Think" Ferris.
* SmokingIsCool: Rand certainly thinks so. "Fire, a dangerous force, tamed at his fingertips..." "When a man thinks, there is a spot of fire alive in his mind—and it's proper that he should have the burning point of a cigarette as his one expression." When someone lights up in the book, it's used as a metaphor by Rand for ''thinking''. All the Strikers smoke - and the rare handmade cigarettes from Galt's Gulch, "stamped with the sign of the dollar", are a major plot device.
* StayInTheKitchen: The opinion of [[ValuesDissonance progressive-minded author]] Balph Eubank on the role of women. He sees Dagny's position of railroad executive as unnatural and wrong.
* SteelMill: The one at Rearden Steel headquarters is given some description. Unusually for the setting, it is described positively.
* StrawmanPolitical: Most of the villains.
* StrawLoser: Lee Hunsacker, former wannabe big industrialist who sued banker Midas Mulligan for refusing to give him a loan he couldn't possibly pay back, hates everybody and everything for not "giving him a chance", and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking refuses to do the dishes]].
* TakeThat: Earns more than a few. The book itself throws the middle finger at Christianity, Marxism and all their intellectual and philosophical descendants (and antecedents, too). There are a handful of specific people targeted: several of the looters say "in the long run we're all dead," which is a verbatim quote from economist John Maynard Keynes. When President Thompson signs the most odious of the economic legislation, he says the government will keep trying different tactics until something works. Franklin Roosevelt said much the same thing when launching The New Deal.
* TakingYouWithMe: Oil tycoon Ellis Wyatt sets his fields ablaze as a parting shot before disappearing.
* [[TalkingTheMonsterToDeath Talking The Reader To Death]]
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: John Galt's Speech, three whole hours of uninterrupted castigating that no one can escape from.
* TitleDrop: Unintentional, with the novel being renamed as publication neared.
* TheTrickster: John Galt, Francisco d'Anconia and Ragnar Danneskjold.
* TrueArtIsAngsty: In-universe example - Balph Eubank is a major proponent of this idea. It says something that no book of his has ever sold more than three thousand copies. So, he proposes a law which states that [[IfICantHaveYou ten thousand copies is the maximum legal sale limit for any book]]...
* TrueArtIsIncomprehensible: Once again seen in-universe. The preferred philosophy of modern academia in the book. During Lillian Rearden's party, a group of unadmirable pseudo-intellectual types gather and talk about how plot in fiction, and melody in music, are completely unnecessary.
* {{Ubermensch}}: All of the heroes are or ultimately become this.
* UnclePennybags: Hank Rearden is this to his mother and brother Phillip as well as to his friend, the unsuccessful businessman Paul Larkin. Unfortunately they all betray his generosity in one way or another - His mother and brother live off Rearden's money while making no effort to support themselves or even ''be nice to him'', and Paul Larkin ends up betraying Rearden by forming a coalition with the looters which would legally force Rearden to sell Larkin his ore mines.
* UnluckyChildhoodFriend: Eddie Willers; Francisco d'Anconia.
* UnPerson: The dedication to Nathaniel Branden was removed in later printings of the book after his falling-out with Ayn Rand.
* {{Unobtainium}}: Rearden Metal
* UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans: The government, the public, the heroes. Pretty much everybody. Done intentionally.
* TheVamp: Lillian Rearden, who we discover married Hank just to drive him to have an affair and break his spirit.
* ViewersAreMorons: In-universe: Dr. Floyd Ferris writes the propaganda piece ''Why Do You Think You Think?'' for the general public, whom he believes have the intellectual ability of "drunken louts", and Dr. Stadler agrees with his premise enough to not publicly protest his methods, even though Ferris has cited Stadler's own research, completely out of context, to prove his points. Stadler's agreement with this trope is also why he had the State Science Institute founded in the first place. Many regular people in this universe seem to play this trope straight, although it is also hinted that acting on it is actually [[SelfFulfillingProphecy causing it to become true]].
* VillainBall: The looters' policies hurt the protagonists a lot, but hardly benefit the looters themselves. Especially [[{{Egregious}} egregious]] when several laws are passed as part of a plot to 'kill Colorado'.
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: The looters in general.
* WeCanRuleTogether: The looters try to make this offer to Galt at gunpoint after ''the speech''. He points out that all they need to do to save their civilization is start releasing controls, but they refuse, saying that that's not his concern - they just want him to "do ''something''", refusing to accept that their controls are what is causing civilization to collapse. By the end, they're torturing him to force him to become their leader.
* WhatWeNowKnowToBeTrue: Galt's engine is called out as working on a new principle and proving several laws of physics to be false.
* WhoAreYou: The final chapter of Atlas Shrugged does this with Ragnar Danneskjöld, who only has to say his name to inspire fear.
* AWorldHalfFull: Despite all the social and economic collapse, the world of the novel is really one of these, as it is clear that evil and suffering are completely unnecessary and will collapse in on themselves once the good stops feeding them.
* WorldOfSnark.
* WorthyOpponent: Dagny's favorite type of people.
* WritersCannotDoMath:
** A particularly [[{{Egregious}} egregious]] example. When the first train is riding on the John Galt Line, we are given the following bits of information, in three ''successive'' sentences:
** The train passes a signal light 'every few seconds';
** The distance between each signal light and the next is two miles;
** The train is doing a hundred miles an hour.
** Now, if the train is really travelling at a hundred miles an hour, it will take (3600/(100/2)) = ''72'' seconds to cover a distance of two miles, i.e. well over a minute. Then again, perhaps Ayn Rand had a different concept of 'a few seconds' than most people.
* YeGoodeOldeDays: The Looters look at the collapse of industrial civilization with a degree of satisfaction as a return to these; Dagny is present as they comment on the stability of newformed Indian feudalism, and is horrified when none care about how many are suffering and dying for lack of modern necessities [[strike:luxuries]] such as ''drinkable water.''
* YouFailEngineeringForever:
** A diesel train is stated to have an average speed of one hundred miles an hour (yes, "average", not "maximum") on a track with lots of turns and steep grades. Compare with modern trains on routes through the Rocky Mountains, equipped with far more powerful and efficient locomotives, where an average speed of forty MPH is considered fast.
** Even worse, Dagny and Hank find a wrecked 'electrical motor' in an abandoned factory and go on to discuss 'motors' at length. From their dialogue and internal monologue, it's obvious that they're actually talking about generators, which do the ''exact opposite'' of what motors do. [[hottip:*:Generators convert kinetic energy into electrical energy; motors convert electrical energy into kinetic energy.]] [[InformedAbility And Dagny is supposed to have studied engineering in college.]]
** Railroad rails should not be made of hard steel; the repeated flexing under the rolling wheels would lead to brittle fracture, making a harder steel a far worse alternative than current hot-rolled mild steel. Having an induction-hardened head will reduce wear, but the most important characteristic of a railroad rail is actually ductility, the ability to deform slightly under the load and spring back to its original shape.

!!This film provides examples of:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* BigNo: Dagny, after seeing Wyatt's oil fields in flame beyond a sign reading, "I am leaving it as I found it. Take over. It's yours."
* CastingGag: Possible: One of Dagny's enemies is played the actor who was both [[StarTrekDeepSpaceNine Quark]], an alien who's [[PlanetOfHats "Hat"]] is greed and business prowess, and [[{{Bioshock}} Andrew Ryan]], a parody of Ayn Rand.
* CoincidentalBroadcast: Subverted. Eddie calls Dagny and tells her to turn on the TV for a report on a train wreck, but the first channel she turns to is just giving the stock report.
* CaliforniaDoubling: One of the great things about this movie's depiction of Wisconsin is [[AustinPowers how it looks NOTHING at all like Southern California]].
* SchizoTech: Set in [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture 2016]], trains reign supreme due to Galt's plan exaberating the 2011 economic troubles, resulting in oil shortages.
* SequelHook: Invoked, as it's supposed to be a trilogy of films.
* WhoAreYou: Midas Mulligan's last words before he vanishes.

----
<<|{{Literature}}|>>
<<|AnAesop|>>
[[redirect:Literature/AtlasShrugged]]
27th Jan '12 10:02:07 AM Myra
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* DevelopingDoomedCharacters: Galt, the hero, doesn't show up for about 700 pages. It takes the looters about 400 pages before they really start to screw up society. That "early" portion of the book is devoted to introducing characters and establishing their personalities through extensive, extensive dialogue and flashbacks.



* TwentyMinutesWithJerks: Galt, the hero, doesn't show up for about 700 pages. It takes the looters about 400 pages before they really start to screw up society. That "early" portion of the book is devoted to introducing characters and establishing their personalities through extensive, extensive dialogue and flashbacks.
22nd Jan '12 8:28:12 PM DavidDelony
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* UnPerson: The dedication to Nathaniel Branden was removed in later editions of the book after his falling-out with Ayn Rand.

to:

* UnPerson: The dedication to Nathaniel Branden was removed in later editions printings of the book after his falling-out with Ayn Rand.
16th Jan '12 7:19:08 PM Andrew
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* AnalogyBackfire:
** The title is this in some ways. In the myth of Atlas, Heracles holds the sky for Atlas while Atlas picks the apples of the Hesperides, an act which only a god or Titan could perform. Heracles then tricks Atlas into holding up the sky again, but in some versions of the myth Heracles then builds the Pillars of Heracles to hold the sky and relieve Atlas of his punishment. This is the opposite of Rand's Objectivist philosophy, as Heracles' building the pillars was purely altruistic. Heracles had already gotten what he came for, but at seeing Atlas having to hold the weight of the sky (again,) he does not tell Atlas "to shrug" as Francisco does in the book, Heracles instead helps Atlas.
*** Not necessarily a backfire as Rand states multiple times that one cannot consume more than one produces which is another way of saying "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." Heracles was paying Atlas back for helping him rather than just being a looter and a swindler who left him holding the sky while walking off with the apples.
**** Funny thing is, the precise moment Francisco tells Rearden to "shrug", one of the idiots the government forced him to hire screws up a pour and causes a [[http://www.forensic.cc/non-fire/machinery-breakdown/furnaces,-heaters-&-boilers/furnace-breakouts furnace breakout]], whereupon Rearden drops the conversation and rushes off to prevent a catastrophe that could trash the entire mill - and Francisco helps him. He's not going to let the weight of the world crush Rearden before he's ready to shrug of his own free will.
15th Jan '12 8:38:55 AM PrometheusUnbound
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** Funny thing is, the precise moment Francisco tells Rearden to "shrug", one of the idiots the government forced him to hire screws up a pour and causes a [[http://www.forensic.cc/non-fire/machinery-breakdown/furnaces,-heaters-&-boilers/furnace-breakouts furnace breakout]], whereupon Rearden drops the conversation and rushes off to prevent a catastrophe that could trash the entire mill - and Francisco helps him. He's not going to let the weight of the world crush Rearden before he's ready to shrug of his own free will.

to:

** **** Funny thing is, the precise moment Francisco tells Rearden to "shrug", one of the idiots the government forced him to hire screws up a pour and causes a [[http://www.forensic.cc/non-fire/machinery-breakdown/furnaces,-heaters-&-boilers/furnace-breakouts furnace breakout]], whereupon Rearden drops the conversation and rushes off to prevent a catastrophe that could trash the entire mill - and Francisco helps him. He's not going to let the weight of the world crush Rearden before he's ready to shrug of his own free will.


Added DiffLines:

* TheTrickster: John Galt, Francisco d'Anconia and Ragnar Danneskjold.
15th Jan '12 8:36:34 AM PrometheusUnbound
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** The title is this in some ways. In the myth of Atlas, Heracles holds the sky for Atlas while Atlas picks the apples of the Hesperides, an act which only a god or Titan could perform. Heracles then tricks Atlas into holding up the sky again, but in some versions of the myth Heracles then builds the Pillars of Heracles to hold the sky and relieve Atlas of his punishment. This is the opposite of Rand's Objectivist philosophy, as Heracles' building the pillars was purely altruistic. Heracles had already gotten what he came for, but at seeing Atlas having to hold the weight of the sky (again,) he does not tell Atlas "to shrug" as Francisco does in the book, Heracles instead helps Atlas.

to:

** The title is this in some ways. In the myth of Atlas, Heracles holds the sky for Atlas while Atlas picks the apples of the Hesperides, an act which only a god or Titan could perform. Heracles then tricks Atlas into holding up the sky again, but in some versions of the myth Heracles then builds the Pillars of Heracles to hold the sky and relieve Atlas of his punishment. This is the opposite of Rand's Objectivist philosophy, as Heracles' building the pillars was purely altruistic. Heracles had already gotten what he came for, but at seeing Atlas having to hold the weight of the sky (again,) he does not tell Atlas "to shrug" as Francisco does in the book, Heracles instead helps Atlas. Atlas.
*** Not necessarily a backfire as Rand states multiple times that one cannot consume more than one produces which is another way of saying "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." Heracles was paying Atlas back for helping him rather than just being a looter and a swindler who left him holding the sky while walking off with the apples.
15th Jan '12 6:26:11 AM SeptimusHeap
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* AnalogyBackfire: The title is this in some ways. In the myth of Atlas, Heracles holds the sky for Atlas while Atlas picks the apples of the Hesperides, an act which only a god or Titan could perform. Heracles then tricks Atlas into holding up the sky again, but in some versions of the myth Heracles then builds the Pillars of Heracles to hold the sky and relieve Atlas of his punishment. This is the opposite of Rand's Objectivist philosophy, as Heracles' building the pillars was purely altruistic. Heracles had already gotten what he came for, but at seeing Atlas having to hold the weight of the sky (again,) he does not tell Atlas "to shrug" as Francisco does in the book, Heracles instead helps Atlas.

to:

* AnalogyBackfire: AnalogyBackfire:
**
The title is this in some ways. In the myth of Atlas, Heracles holds the sky for Atlas while Atlas picks the apples of the Hesperides, an act which only a god or Titan could perform. Heracles then tricks Atlas into holding up the sky again, but in some versions of the myth Heracles then builds the Pillars of Heracles to hold the sky and relieve Atlas of his punishment. This is the opposite of Rand's Objectivist philosophy, as Heracles' building the pillars was purely altruistic. Heracles had already gotten what he came for, but at seeing Atlas having to hold the weight of the sky (again,) he does not tell Atlas "to shrug" as Francisco does in the book, Heracles instead helps Atlas.



* AntiHero: Although Rand intended her protagonists to be morally unassailable, even many people who agree with the book's message don't perceive them as pure heroes.

to:

* AntiHero: AntiHero:
**
Although Rand intended her protagonists to be morally unassailable, even many people who agree with the book's message don't perceive them as pure heroes.



* AuthorAvatar: WordOfGod (i.e. Rand herself) admits that she is the Fishwife in Galt's Gulch.

to:

* AuthorAvatar: AuthorAvatar:
**
WordOfGod (i.e. Rand herself) admits that she is the Fishwife in Galt's Gulch.



* BettyAndVeronica: Hank Rearden and Francisco D'Anconia, with John Galt as ThirdOptionLoveInterest.

to:

* BettyAndVeronica: BettyAndVeronica:
**
Hank Rearden and Francisco D'Anconia, with John Galt as ThirdOptionLoveInterest.



* CompletelyMissingThePoint: After listening to Galt's three-hour long tirade about the evils of government interference in industry, the looters proceed to capture him and offer him the role of economic director, a job in which he will be free to run industry as he sees fit.

to:

* CompletelyMissingThePoint: CompletelyMissingThePoint:
**
After listening to Galt's three-hour long tirade about the evils of government interference in industry, the looters proceed to capture him and offer him the role of economic director, a job in which he will be free to run industry as he sees fit.



* ComplimentBackfire: Hank Rearden is thrown a banquet after the tremendous success of Taggart Transcontinental's Rearden Metal line, at which he is praised loudly for being someone who people desperately ''needs''. He's not very impressed.

to:

* ComplimentBackfire: ComplimentBackfire:
**
Hank Rearden is thrown a banquet after the tremendous success of Taggart Transcontinental's Rearden Metal line, at which he is praised loudly for being someone who people desperately ''needs''. He's not very impressed.



* DefeatMeansFriendship: The first guy to produce steel in Galt's Gulch is driven out of business when a better man joins the strikers. The beaten man happily works for the new steel producer, in a position which is a much better fit.

to:

* DefeatMeansFriendship: DefeatMeansFriendship:
**
The first guy to produce steel in Galt's Gulch is driven out of business when a better man joins the strikers. The beaten man happily works for the new steel producer, in a position which is a much better fit.



* {{Determinator}}: Dagny, particularly in regards to how she finds Galt. She finds his plane, grabs her own, follows it until it seemingly dissapears into the side of a mountain, and follows.

to:

* {{Determinator}}: {{Determinator}}:
**
Dagny, particularly in regards to how she finds Galt. She finds his plane, grabs her own, follows it until it seemingly dissapears into the side of a mountain, and follows.



* EvilCounterpart: [[SelfMadeMan Hank Rearden]] and [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Orren Boyle]]. [[TheObiWan Hugh Akston]] and [[BrokenPedestal Robert Stadler]]. [[ScienceHero John Galt]] and [[FamilyValuesVillain Fred Kinnan]].

to:

* EvilCounterpart: EvilCounterpart:
**
[[SelfMadeMan Hank Rearden]] and [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Orren Boyle]]. [[TheObiWan Hugh Akston]] and [[BrokenPedestal Robert Stadler]]. [[ScienceHero John Galt]] and [[FamilyValuesVillain Fred Kinnan]].



* HaveAGayOldTime: [Dagny saw that Rearden] "had the gayest smile she had ever seen."

to:

* HaveAGayOldTime: HaveAGayOldTime:
**
[Dagny saw that Rearden] "had the gayest smile she had ever seen."



* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Deconstructed, but ''still'' played straight; Rand defined Romantic love as a capitalist exchange of values like any other; affection for affection, gratification for gratification. Under this definition, a {{Yandere}} would be just another Looter, gratifying themselves with their "beloved's" pain: - better to break it off cleanly. And one vertex of a love triangle breaking away before things are settled will only leave ''everyone'' bitter about what could have been.

to:

* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy:
**
Deconstructed, but ''still'' played straight; Rand defined Romantic love as a capitalist exchange of values like any other; affection for affection, gratification for gratification. Under this definition, a {{Yandere}} would be just another Looter, gratifying themselves with their "beloved's" pain: - better to break it off cleanly. And one vertex of a love triangle breaking away before things are settled will only leave ''everyone'' bitter about what could have been.



* KickTheDog: Dr. Stadler admitting to Dagny that the State Science Institute is launching a smear campaign against Rearden Metal because it makes them look incompetent, and then deliberately choosing not to tell the truth about it because he believes that life in society means that someone always has to be sacrificed. He doesn't want it to be the Institute.

to:

* KickTheDog: KickTheDog:
**
Dr. Stadler admitting to Dagny that the State Science Institute is launching a smear campaign against Rearden Metal because it makes them look incompetent, and then deliberately choosing not to tell the truth about it because he believes that life in society means that someone always has to be sacrificed. He doesn't want it to be the Institute.



* MacGuffin: The [[strike:motor]] generator Dagny finds that can convert atmospheric energy into electricity and revolutionize the industrial world.

to:

* MacGuffin: MacGuffin:
**
The [[strike:motor]] generator Dagny finds that can convert atmospheric energy into electricity and revolutionize the industrial world.



** Arguably Galt is an ''inversion'' of at least some components of the trope. His plan of going on strike in order to bring economic activity to a halt, and thus causing civilization to collapse and rebuild itself involves ''witholding'' a "salvation" and forcing society to confront the actual consequences of its morality of Comtean altruism (the morality which is basically at the core of the MessianicArchetype). Applying FridgeLogic to his plan's obvious consequences (i.e. lots of people die as a result of civilization's collapse) had led to some readers seeing Galt as a DarkMessiah instead of a MessianicArchetype.



* NamesTheSame: Dagny's brother has nothing to do with [[{{Taggart}} a Scottish detective who solves murders]].

to:

* NamesTheSame: NamesTheSame:
**
Dagny's brother has nothing to do with [[{{Taggart}} a Scottish detective who solves murders]].



* PeaceAndLoveIncorporated: All of the villainous businessmen claim to be working only for "the public good", while in fact they are [[CorruptCorporateExecutive anything]] [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections but]]. The heroic businessmen make no secret of the fact they are only out to make money: or so it seems. Most seem to actually be motivated more by [[DoingItForTheArt the love of running a business well]] than anything.

to:

* PeaceAndLoveIncorporated: PeaceAndLoveIncorporated:
**
All of the villainous businessmen claim to be working only for "the public good", while in fact they are [[CorruptCorporateExecutive anything]] [[ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections but]]. The heroic businessmen make no secret of the fact they are only out to make money: or so it seems. Most seem to actually be motivated more by [[DoingItForTheArt the love of running a business well]] than anything.



* [=~People's Republic Of Tyranny~=]: Almost all of the non-U.S. countries have become "People's States" of some sort.

to:

* [=~People's Republic Of Tyranny~=]: PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny: Almost all of the non-U.S. countries have become "People's States" of some sort.



* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules: Hank Rearden turns down a large lump payment of government money for the rights to Rearden Metal, because he is proud of the fact that he invented it and of the ''honest'' money he could make with it.

to:

* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules: ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules:
**
Hank Rearden turns down a large lump payment of government money for the rights to Rearden Metal, because he is proud of the fact that he invented it and of the ''honest'' money he could make with it.



* ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney: Hank Rearden resorts to this when he finally decides to divorce his wife Lillian.

to:

* ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney: ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney:
**
Hank Rearden resorts to this when he finally decides to divorce his wife Lillian.



* [=~Screw This, I'm Outta Here~=]: The job deserters after Directive 10-289.

to:

* [=~Screw This, I'm Outta Here~=]: ScrewTHiIAmOuttaHere: The job deserters after Directive 10-289.



* SelfMadeMan: Hank Rearden, John Galt. Most of the minor heroic industrialists, such as the Starnes heirs' father, are also hinted or outright stated to be this.

to:

* SelfMadeMan: SelfMadeMan:
**
Hank Rearden, John Galt. Most of the minor heroic industrialists, such as the Starnes heirs' father, are also hinted or outright stated to be this.



* WritersCannotDoMath: A particularly [[{{Egregious}} egregious]] example. When the first train is riding on the John Galt Line, we are given the following bits of information, in three ''successive'' sentences:

to:

* WritersCannotDoMath: WritersCannotDoMath:
**
A particularly [[{{Egregious}} egregious]] example. When the first train is riding on the John Galt Line, we are given the following bits of information, in three ''successive'' sentences:



* YouFailEngineeringForever: A diesel train is stated to have an average speed of one hundred miles an hour (yes, "average", not "maximum") on a track with lots of turns and steep grades. Compare with modern trains on routes through the Rocky Mountains, equipped with far more powerful and efficient locomotives, where an average speed of forty MPH is considered fast.

to:

* YouFailEngineeringForever: YouFailEngineeringForever:
**
A diesel train is stated to have an average speed of one hundred miles an hour (yes, "average", not "maximum") on a track with lots of turns and steep grades. Compare with modern trains on routes through the Rocky Mountains, equipped with far more powerful and efficient locomotives, where an average speed of forty MPH is considered fast.
14th Jan '12 9:02:41 AM Myra
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13th Jan '12 6:36:37 PM Andrew
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* ObviouslyEvil: The evil characters are all physically grotesque with either bulbous nose or a potbelly or watery eyes or bad posture and have ridiculous names like Orren Boyle, Wesley Mouch and ThisTroper 's favourite, Tinky Holloway. The good characters by contrast are always tall, thin and handsome with haughty, angular faces and good posture. {{Subverted}} with Midas Mulligan, a good guy who is short and stocky and again with Dr. Ferris, the book's most evil vilain who is given no description other than being tall, thin and graceful.

to:

* ObviouslyEvil: The evil characters are all physically grotesque with either bulbous nose or a potbelly or watery eyes or bad posture and have ridiculous names like Orren Boyle, Wesley Mouch and ThisTroper 's favourite, Tinky Holloway. The good characters by contrast are always tall, thin and handsome with haughty, angular faces and good posture. {{Subverted}} with Midas Mulligan, a good guy who is short and stocky and again with Dr. Ferris, the book's most evil vilain who is given no description other than being tall, thin and graceful.
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